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interest, though small, be certain. This quently declared frustrated; and there month presents schemes for
being only £10,000 in the bankers' hands Twenty Rail Road Companies,
to pay." Mr. Hop-the-twig's bill of Twenty-two Banking, Loan, Investment, 10,0731. 138. 4d. that respectable soliand Assurance Companies,
citor is defrauded of the sum of 731. 138.4d. Eleven Gas Companies,
This is the rise and fall of a respectable Eight British and Irish Mine Companies, bubble." Seventeen Foreign Mine Companies, Undoubtedly, among these various Nine Shipping and Dock Companies, schemes afloat, some will be productive and
of great benefit to the country; but it is Twenty-seven Miscellaneous Companies, seriously to be considered whether the Including
estimation of some of them in a money A London Brick Company,
view be not too high, and forced to an A Patent Brick Company,
undue price by the arts of jobbing : A London Marine Bath Company, A Royal National Bath Company,
Haste instantly and buy, cries one
Real Del Monte shares, fur none A Great Westminster Milk Company,
Will hold a richer profit; and
Another cries—No mining plan A Metropolitan Water Company.
s—the Anglo-Mexican An Alderney Dairy Company,
As for Del Monte, scoff it. A Metropolitan Alderney Dairy Com
This grasps my button, and declares pany, A South London Milk Company,
There's nothing like Columbian shares, An East London Milk Company,
The capital a million ;
That, cries La Plata's sure to pay ; A Metropolitan Milk Company.
Or bids me buy without delay
Hibernian or Brazilian. A correspondent in the “ London Magazine " declares, that“ if we named the se- 'Scaped from the torments of the mine veral divisions of the year after the French
Rivals in Gas, an endless line,
Arrest me as I travel; revolutionary fashion, by the phenomena observable in them, we should, from our
Each sure my suffrage to receive,
If I will only give him leave, experience of January, 1825, call it
His project to unravel. Bubblose-it has been a month of most flagitious and flourishing knavery.” He
By Fire and Life insurers next pleasantly assumes that Mr. Jeremiah I'm intercepted, pester’d, vex'd,
Almost beyond endurance ; Hop-the-twig, attorney at law, benevo
And though the schemes appear unsound, lently conceives the idea of directing
Their advocates are seldom found “ sui plus capital" to the formation of “a
Deficient in assurance. joint stock company for the outfit of air-balloons, the purchase of herds of
Last I am worried, shares to buy
In the Canadian company, swine, and the other requisites for a flou
The Milk Association, rishing lunar commerce; Capital One
The Laundry-men who wash by steam, Million, divided into 10,000 shares of
Rail-ways, Pearl-fishing, or the scheme, 1001. each." The method is then related For Island Navigation. of opening an account with a respectable
New Monthly Mag. banking-house, obtaining respectable directors, appointing his son-in-law the respectable secretary, the son of a respected director the respectable standing counsel,
Stalkless moss. Phascum muticum. and the self-nomination of the respectable Mr. Jeremiah H. and Co. as the respectable solicitors. Afterwards come the
January 25. means of raising the bubble, to the admiration of proper persons who pay a de- Holiday at the Public Officeo ; except the Excim,
Stamps, and Customs. posit of 51. per share; who, when the shares “ look down,” try to sell, but there CONVERSION OF St. Paul. Sts. Juvenare “no buyers,” the “quotations are tinus and Maximinus, A. D. 363. St, nominal;" a second instalment called Projectus, a. D. 674. St. Poppo, A. D for, the holders hesitate ; “ their shares 1048. St. Apollo, A. V. 393. Sl. are forfeited;" the speculation is conse- Publius, a. D. 369.
The Conversion of St. Paul.
will be pretty hard to find out." In an This is a festival in the calendar of the ancient Romish calendar, much used by church of England, as well as in that of Brand, the vigil of St. Paul is called the Romish church.
“ Dies Ægyptiacus;" and he confesses his ignorance of any reason for calling it
an Egyptian-day.' Mr. Fosbroke exSt. Paul's Day.
plains, from a passage in Ducange, that
it was so called because there were tuo On this day prognostications of the unlucky days in every month, and St. months were drawn for the whole year. Paul's vigil was one of the two in If fair and clear, there was to be plenty; January. if cloudy or misty, much cattle would die; Dr. Forster notes, that the festival of if rain or snow fell then it presaged a the conversion of St. Paul has always dearth; and if windy, there would be been reckoned ominous of the future wea
ther of the year, in various countries re
mote from each other. If Saint Paul's Day be fair and clear. It does betide a happy year ;
According to Schenkius, cited by Brand, But if it chance to snow or rain,
it was a custom in many parts of GerThen will be dear all kinds of grain : many, to drag the images of St. Paul and If clouds or mists do dark the skie,
St. Urban to the river, if there was foul
St. Paul's day being the first festival of These prognostications are Englished an apostle in the year, it is an opportunity from an ancient calendar: they have for alluding to the old, ancient, English likewise been translated by Gay, who custom, with sponsors, or visitors at enjoins,
christenings, of presenting spoons, called Let no such vulgar tales debase thy mind, apostle-spoons, because the figures of Nor Paul nor Swithin rule the clouds and the twelve apostles were chased, or carved wind.
on the tops of the handles. Brand cites The latter lines are allusive to the
several authors to testify of the practice.
Persons who could afford it gave the set popular superstitions, regarding these days, which were before remarked by of twelve; others a smaller number, and bishop Hall, who observes of a person
a poor person offered the gift of one, with under such influences, that “ St. Paule's
the figure of the saint after whom the day, and St. Swithine's, with the twelve,
child was named, or to whom the child
was dedicated, or who was the patron are his oracles, which he dares believe
saint of the good-natured donor. against the almanacke.” It will be recollected that “ the twelve” are twelve
Ben Jonson, in his Bartholomew Fair, days of Christmastide, mentioned on a
has a character, saying, “ And all this for
the hope of a couple of apostle-spoons, preceding day as believed by the ignorant to denote the weather throughout the
and a cup to eat caudle in." In the
Chaste Maid of Cheapside, by Middleton, year. Concerning this day,Bourne says. “How
“ Gossip" inquires, “What has he given it came to have this particular knack of
her ? What is it, Gossip ?" Whereto the foretelling the good or ill fortune of the high-standing cup, and two great ’postie.
answer of another“ Gossip" is, “ A faire following year is no easy matter to find out. The monks, who were undoubtedly
spoons-one of them gilt." Beaumont the first who made this wonderful obser
and Fletcher, likewise, in the Noble vation, have taken care it should be hand
Gentleman, say: ed down to posterity ; but why, or for
“ I'll be a Gossip. Bewford, what reason, they have taken care to con
I have an odd apostle-spoon." ceal. St. Paul did indeed labour more The rarity and antiquity of apostleabundantly than all the apostles; but spoons render them of considerable value never that I heard in the science of as- as curiosities. A complete set of twelve trology: and why this day should there- is represented in the sketch on the fore be a standing almanac to the world, opposite page, from a set of the rather than the day of any other saint, spoons themselves on the writer's table
BEARS AND BEES.
The apostles on this set of spoons are enings, or on visiting the “ lady in the somewhat worn, and the stems and straw;" though they are not now adorned bowls have been altered by the silver with imagery. smith in conformity with the prevailing fashion of the present day; to the eye of Winter hellebore. Helleborus hyemalis. the antiquary, therefore, they are not so interesting as they were before they un
January 26. derwent this partial modernization: yet
St. Polycarp. St. Paula St. Conan in this state they are objects of regard. Their size in the print is exactly that of On winter comes—the cruel north the spoons themselves, except that the Pours his furious whirlwind forth stems are necessarily fore-shortened in Before him—and we breathe the breath the engraving to get them within the Of famish'd bears, that howl to death: page. The stem of each spoon measures Onward he comes from rocks that blanch exactly three inches and a half in length O'er solid streams that never flow, from ihe foot of the apostle to the com
His tears all ice, his locks all snow, mencement of the bowl; the length of Just crept from some huge avalanche. Incog. each bowl is two inches and nine-sixteenths of an inch; and the height of
M. M. M. a traveller in Russia, comeach apostle is one inch and one-six- municates, through the Gentleman's Mateenth : the entire length of each spoon is gazine of 1785, a remarkable method of seven inches and one-eighth of an inch. cultivating bees, and preserving them from They are of silver; the lightest, which is their housebreakers, the bears. The RusSt. Peter, weighs 1 oz. 5 dwts. 9 gr.; the sians of Borodskoe, on the banks of the heaviest is St. Bartholomew, and weighs river Ufa, deposit the hives within exca1 oz. 9 dwts. 4 gr.; their collective weight vations that they form in the hardest, is 16 oz. 14 dwts. 16 gr. The bat, or Hat strongest, and loftiest trees of the forest, covering, on the head of each figure, is at about five-and-twenty or thirty feet usual to apostles-spoons, and was pro- high from the ground, and even higher, if bably affixed to save the features from the height of the trunk allows it. They effacement. In a really fine state they hollow out the holes lengthways, with are very rare.
small narrow hatchets, and with chisels It seems from “ the Gossips," a poem and gouges complete their work. The by Shipman, iu 1666, that the usage of longitudinal aperture of the hive is stopped giving apostle-spoons' at christenings, by a cover of two or more pieces exactly was at that time on the decline :
fitted to it, and pierced with small holes, “Formerly, when they us'd to troul, to give ingress and egress to the bees. Gilt bowls of sack, they gave the bowl ; No means can be devised more ingenious Two spoons at least; an use il kept ; or more convenient for climbing the high"Tis well if now our own be left."
est and the smoothest trees than those An anecdote is related of Shakspeare practised by this people, for the construcand Ben Jonson, which bears upon the tion and visitation of these hives. For usage: Shakspeare was godfather to one this purpose they use nothing but a very of Jonson's children, and, after the christ- sharp axe, a leathern strap, or a common ening, being in deep study, Jonson cheer- rope. The man places himself against ingly asked him, why he was so melan- the trunk of the tree, and passes the cord choly? “ Ben,” said he,“ I have been round his body and round the tree, just considering a great while what should be leaving it sufficient play for casting it the fittest gift for me to bestow upon my higher and higher, by jerks, towards the godchild, and I have resolved it at last.” elevation he desires to attain, and there to “I prithee, what?" said Ben, “ I' faith, place his body, bent as in a swing, his Ben," answered Shakspeare, “ I'll give feet resting against the tree, and preservhim a dozen good latten spoons, and thou ing the free use of his hands. This done, shalt translate them.” The word latten, he takes his axe, and at about the height intended as a play upon latin, is the name of his body makes the first notch or step for thin iron tinned, of which spoons, and in the tree; then he takes his rope, the similar small articles of household use, are two ends whereof he takes care to have sometimes made. Without being aware tied very fast, and throws it towards the of the origin, it is still a custom with top of the trunk. Placed thus in his rope many persons, to present spoons at christ- by the middle of his body, and resting
his feet against the tree, he ascends by necessary work with the above-mentioned two steps, and easily enables himself to tools, which are stuck in his girdle. He put one of his feet in the notch. He now also carefully cuts away all boughs and makes a new step, and continues to mount protuberances beneath the hive, to render in this manner till he has reached the access as difficult as possible to the bears, intended height. He performs all this which abound in vast numbers throughwith incredible speed and agility. Being out the forests, and in spite of all imamounted to the place where he is to make ginable precautions, do considerable dathe hive, he cuts more convenient steps, mage to the hives. On this account the and, by the help of the rope, which his natives put in practice every kind of body keeps in distension, he performs his means, not only for defending themselves