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2d. A person charged in any State with treason, felony, or other crime against the laws of such State, who shall flee from justice and be found in another State, shall, on demand of the executive authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.
3d. No slave or other person held to service or labor in any State or Territory of the Confederate States under the laws thereof, escaping or unlawfully carried into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but shall be delivered up on claim to the party to whom such slave belongs or to whom such service or labor may be due.
§ 3. Other States may be admitted into this Confederacy by a vote of two-thirds of the whole House of Representatives and two-thirds of the Senate—the Senate voting by States; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State, nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more States or parts of States without the consent of the legislators of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
2d. The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and regulations concerning the property of the Confederate States, including the lands thereof.
3d. The Confederate States may acquire new territory; and Congress shall have power to legislate and provide governments for the inhabitants of all territory belonging to the Confederate States, lying without the limits of the several States, and may permit them, at such times and in such manner as it may by law provide, to form States to be admitted into the Confederacy, in all such territory the institution of negro slavery as it now exists in the Confederate States shall be recognized and protected by Congress and the territorial government, and the inhabitants of the several Confederate States and territories shall have the right to take to such territory any slaves lawfully held by them in any of the States or territories of the Confederate States.
4th. The Confederate States shall guarantee to every State that now is or hereafter may become a member of this Confederacy a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion, and on application of the legislature (or of the executive when the legislature is not in session) against domestic violence.
§ 1. Upon the demand of any three States, legally assembled in their several conventions, the Congress shall summon a convention of all the States to take
into consideration such amendments to the constitution as the said States shall concur in suggesting at the time when the said demand is made, and should any of the proposed amendments to the constitution be agreed on by the said convention, voting by the States, and the same be ratified by the legislatures of two-thirds of the several States, or by conventions of two-thirds thereof—as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the general convention—they shall thenceforward form a part of this constitution ; but no State shall without its consent be deprived of its equal representation in the Senate.
§ 1. The government established by this constitution is the successor of the provisional government of the Confederate States of America, all the laws passed by the latter shall continue in force until the same shall be repealed or modified, and all the officers appointed by the same shall remain in office until their successors are appointed and qualified, or the offices abolished.
2d. All debts contracted and engagements entered into before the adoption of this constitution shall be as valid against the Confederate States under this constitution as under the provisonal government.
3d. This constitution and the laws of the Confederate States may, in persuance thereof, and all treaties made or which shall be made under the authority of the Confederate States, shall be the supreme law of the land, and the judges in every State shall be bound therein, by any thing in the constitution or laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.
4th. The senators and representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State legislatures, and all executive and judicial officers, both of the Confederate States and of the several States, shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this constitution ; but no religious test shall ever be required as qualification to any office of public trust under the Confederate States.
5th. The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people of the. several States.
6th. The powers not delegated to the Confederate States by the constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people thereof.
§ 1. The ratification of the convention of five
States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the States so ratifying the same.
When five States shall have ratified this constitution in a manner before specified, the Congress under the provisional constitution shall prescribe the time for holding the election for President and VicePresident, and for the meeting of the electoral college, and for counting the votes, and for inaugurating the President. They shall also prescribe the time for holding the first election of members of Congress under this constitution, and the time for assembling the same.
Until the assembling of such Congress, the Congress under the provisional constitution shall continue to exercise the legislative powers granted them, not extending beyond the time limited by the Constitution of the provisional government.
Adopted unanimously, March 11, 1861.