Chap. XIII.

Aporrypla. commended him unto all his friends, and 5 Now therefore be it far from me, that I gave him gifts, and commanded his men of should spare mine own life in any time of war to be as obedient unto him, as to him- || trouble : for I am no better than my brethself.

ren. 44 Unto Jonathan also he said, Why hast | 6 Doubtless I will avenge my nation, and thou put all this people to so great trouble, the sanctuary, and our wives, and our chil seeing there is no war betwixt us ?

dren: for all the heathen are gathered to de45 Therefore send them now home again, stroy us of very malice. and choose a few men to wait on thee, and 7 Now as soon as the people heard these come thou with me to Ptolemais, for I will words, their spirit revived. give it thee, and the rest of the strong holds 84 And they answered with a loud voice, and forces, and all that have any charge : as saying, Thou shalt be our leader instead of for me, I will return and depart : for this is | | Judas and Jonathan thy brother. the cause of my coming.

9 Fight thou our battles, and whatsoever 46 So Jonathan, believing him, did as he thou commandest us, that will we do. bade him, and sent away his host, who went 10 So then he gathered together all the into the land of Judea.

men of war, and made haste to finish the 47 And with himself he retained but walls of Jerusalem, and he fortified it round three thousand men, of whom he sent two | about. thousand into Galilee, and one thousand 11 Also he sent Jonathan the son of Absawent with him.

| lom, and with him a great power, to Joppe : 48 ( Now as soon as Jonathan entered in- | who casting out them that were therein, reto Ptolemais, they of Ptolemais shut the mained there in it. gates, and took him, and all them that came 12 So Tryphon removed from Ptolemais with him they slew with the sword. || with a great power to invade the land

49 Then sent Tryphon an host of foot- | of Judea, and Jonathan was with him in men and horsemen into Galilee, and into the || ward. great plain, to destroy all Jonathan's com- 13 But Simon pitched his tents at Adida,

over against the plain. 50 But when they knew that Jonathan 14 Now when Tryphon knew that Simon and they that were with him were taken and was risen up instead of his brother Jonathan, slain, they encouraged one another, and went and meant to join battle with him, he sent close together, prepared to fight.

messengers unto him, saying, 51 They therefore that followed upon 15 Whereas we have Jonathan thy broththem, perceiving that they were ready to | er in bold, it is for money that he is owing fight for their lives, turned back again. into the king's treasure, concerning the bu

52 Whereupon they all came into the land siness that was committed unto him. of Judea peaceably, and there they bewailed 16 Wherefore now send an hundred talJonathan, and them that were with him, and lents of silver,and two of his sons for hostages, they were sore afraid ; wherefore all Israel that when he is at liberty he may not revolt made great lamentation.

irom us, and we will let him go 53 Then all the heathen that were round 17 Hereupon Simon, albeit he perceived about them sought to destroy them : for that they spake deceitfully unto him, yet sent said they, They have no captain, nor any to he the money and the children, lest peradvenhelp them : now therefore let us make war ture he should procure to himself great hatred upon them, and take away their memorial of the people : from among men.

18 Who might have said, Because I sent CHAP. XIII.

him not the money and the children, there8 Simon is made captain in his brother Jonathan's fore is Fonatban dead.

room. 27 Jonatban's tomb. 40 Simon win- | 19 So he sent them the children and the

netb Gaza, and the tower at Jerusalem. hundred talents : howbeit Tryphon dissemN OW when Simon heard that Tryphon l bled, neither would he let Jonathan go. TV had gathered together a great host to 20 And after this came Tryphon to ininvade the land of Judea, and destroy it, vade the land, and destroy it, going round

2 And saw that the people was in great about by the way that leadeth unto Adora : trembling and fear, he went up to Jerusalem, but Simon and his host marched against hinn and gathered the people together,

in every place, wheresoever he went. 3 And gave them exhortation, saying, Ye 21 Now they that were in the tower sent yourselves know what great things I, and || messengers unto Tryphon, to the end that he iny brethren, and my father's house, have should hasten his coming unto them by the done for the laws and the sanctuary, the bat- wilderness, and send them victuals. tles also and troubles which we have seen. 22 Wherefore Tryphon made ready all

4 By reason whereof all my brethren are his horsemen to come that night : but there slain for Israel's sake, and I am left alone. I fell a very grcat snow, by reason whereof he


Apocrygia. came not. So he departed, and came into || ken away from Israel in the hundred and the country of Galaad.

| seventieth year. 23 And when he came near to Bascama, l 42 Then the people of Israel began to he slew Jonathan, who was buried there. | write in their instruments and contracts, In

24 Afterward Tryphon returned and went || the first year of Simon the high priest, the into his own land.

governor and leader of the Jews. 25 Then sent Simon, and took the bones 43 In those days Simon camped against of Jonathan his brother, and buried them in Gaza, and besieged it round about; he Modin, the city of his fathers.

made also an engine of war, and set it by the 26 And all Israel made great lamentation city, and battered a certain tower, and took it. for him, and bewailed him many days.

44 And they that were in the engine 27 Simon also built a monument upon leaped into the city; whereupon there was the sepulchre of his father and his brethren, a great uproar in the city. and raised it aloft to the sight, with hewn 45 Insomuch as the people of the city stone, behind and before.

rent their clothes, and climbed upon the 28 Moreover, he set up seven pyramids, walls with their wives and children, and one against another, for his father, and his cried with a loud voice, beseeching Simon mother, and his four brethren.

to grant them peace. 29 And in these he made cunning devices, 46 And they said, Deal not with us acabout the which he set great pillars, and up cording to our wickedness, but according to on the pillars he made all their armour for a thy mercy. perpetual memory, and by the armour ships 47 So Simon was appeased toward thein, carved, that they might be seen of all that and fought no more against them, but put sail on the sea.

them out of the city, and cleansed the houses 30 This is the sepulchre which he made at wherein the idols were, and so entered into Modin, and it standeth yet unto this day. it with songs and with thanksgiving

31 Now Tryphon dealt deceitfully with 48 Yea, he put all uncleanness out of it, the young king Antiochus, and slew him and placed such men there as would keep

32 And he reigned in his stead, and crown- | the law, and made it stronger than it was ed himself king of Asia, and brought a great before, and built therein a dwelling place for calamity upon the land. .

I himself. 33 Then Simon built up the strong holds | 49 They also of the tower in Jerusalem in Judea, and fenced them about with high || were kept so strait, that they could neither towers, and great walls, and gates, and bars, come forth, nor go into the country, nor buy, and laid up victuals therein.

nor sell : wherefore they were in great dis34 Moreover, Simon chose men, and sent tress for want of victuals, and a great nume to king Demetrius, to the end he should give ber of them perished through famine. the land an iminunity, because all that Try- 50 Then cried they to Simon, beseeching phon did was to spoil.

him to be at one with them: which thing 35 Unto whom king Demetrius answered l be granted them ; and when he had put and wrote after this manner:

them out from thence, he cleansed the tower 36 King Demetrius unto Simon the high from pollutions : priest, and friend of kings, as also unto the el- | 51 and entered into it the three and ders and nation of the Jews, sendeth greet twentieth day of the second month, in the ing:

hundred seventy and first year, with thanks37 The golden crown, and the scarlet | giving, and branches of palm trees, and with robe, which ye sent unto us, we have receiv harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, ed: and we are ready to make a steadfast | and songs : because there was destroyed a peace with you, yea, and to write unto our | great enemy out of Israel. officers, to confirm the immunities which we 52 He ordained also that that day should have granted.

be kept every year with gladness. More38 And whatsoever covenants we have over, the hill of the temple that was by made with you shall stand ; and the strong the tower he made stronger than it was, and holds, which ye have builded, shall be your there he dweit himself with his company. own.

53 And when Simon saw that John his 39 As for any oversight or fault commit- || son was a valiant man, he made him captain ted unto this day, we forgive it, and the of all the hosts; and he dwelt in Gazara. crown tax also, which ye owe us: and if

CHAP. XIV. there were any other tribute paid in Jerusa- || 1 Demetrius is taken by the king of Persia. 4 lem, it shall no more be paid.

The good deeds of Simon to bis country. 26 A 40 | And look who are meet among you 1. memorial of bis acts is set up in Sion. to be in our court, let them be enrolled, and I'ATOW in the hundred three score and let there be peace betwixt us.

W twelfth year king Demetrius gathered 41 Thus the yoke of the heathen was ta- lis forces together, and went into Media,


Apocrypha. to get him help to fight against Tryphon. || Lacedemonians, with the city, unto Simon

2 But when Arsaces, the king of Persia che luigh priest, and the elders, and priests, and Media, heard that Demetrius was enter and residue of the people of the Jews, our ed within his borders, he sent one of his brethren, send greeting : princes to take him alive :

21 The ambassadors that were sent unto 3. Who went and smote the host of De our people certified us of your glory and honmetrius, and took him, and brought him to our: wherefore we were glad of their coming, Arsaces, by whom he was put in ward.

22 And did register the things that they 4. As for the land of Fudea, that was spake in the council of the people in this quiet all the days of Simon; for he sought | manner, Numenius son of Antiochus, and Anthe good of his nation in such wise, as that | tipater son of Jason, the Jews' ambassadors, evermore his authority and honour pleased came unto us to renew the friendship they them well.

had with us.. 5 And as he was honourable in all his acts, 23 And it pleased the people to enterso in this, that he took Joppe for an haven, 1 tain the men honourably, and to put the copy and made an entrance to the isles of the sea, of their ambassage in publick records, to the

6 And enlarged the bounds of his nation, end the people of the Lacedemonians might and recovered the country,

have a memorial thereof: furthermore, we 7 And gathered together a great number have written a copy thereof unto Simon the of captives, and had the dominion of Gazara, | high priest. and Bethsura, and the tower, out of the 24 After this, Simon sent Numenius to which he took all uncleanness, neither was || Rome with a great shield of gold of a thouthere any that resisted him.

sand pound weight, to confirm the league 8 Then did they till their ground in peace, | with them. and the earth gave her increase, and the 25 Whereof when the people heard, they trees of the field their fruit.

said, What thanks shall we give to Sinon 9 The ancient men sat all in the streets, and his sons ? communing together of good things, and the 26 & For he and his brethren and the young men pur on glorious and warlike ap- house of his father have established Israel, parel.

and chased away in fight their enemies from 10 He provided victuals for the cities, l them, and confirmed their liberty. and set in them all manner of munition, so 27 So then they wrote it in tables of brass, that his honourable name was renowned un which they set upon pillars in mount Sion : to the end of the world.

and this is the copy of the writing ; The 11 He made peace in the land, and Israel eighteenth day of the month Elul, in the hun. rejoiced with great joy :

dred three score and twelfth year, being the 12 For every man sat under his vine and third year of Simon the high priest, his fig tree, and there was none to fray 28 At Saranel in the great congregation

of the priests, and people, and rulers of the 13 Neither was there any left in the || nation, and elders of the country, were these land to fight against them : yea, the kings things notified unto us. themselves were overthrown in those days. 29 Forasmuch as oftentimes there have

14 Moreover, he strengthened all those been wars in the country, wherein for the of his people that were brought low : the maintenance of their sanctuary, and the law, law he searched out ; and every contem Simon the son of Mattathias, of the posteriner of the law and wicked person he took ty of Jarib, together with his brethren, put away.

themselves in jeopardy, and resisting the ene15 He beautified the sanctuary, and mul mies of their nation did their nation great tiplied the vessels of the temple.

honour : 16 Now when it was heard at Rome, and 30 (For after that Jonathan, having gatlıas far as Sparta, that Jonathan was dead, | ered his nation together, and been their high ihey were very sorry.

priest, was added to his people, 17 But as soon as they heard that his 31 Their enemies purposed to invade their brother Simon was made high priest in his country, that they might destroy it, and lay stead, and ruled the country, and the cities hands on the sanctuary : therein :

32 At which time Simon rose up, and 18 They wrote unto him in tables of brass, | fought for his nation, and spent much of his to renew the friendship and league which own substance, and armed the valiant men of they had made with Judas and Jonathan his || his nation, and gave them wages, brethren :

33 And fortified the cities of Judea, to19 Which writings were read before the ll gether with Bethsura, that lieth upon the congregation at Jerusalem.

borders of Judea, where the armour of the 20 And this is the copy of the letters that enemies had been before ; but hic set a garri, the Lacedenionians sent; The rulers of the son of Jews there :



Apocrypia. 34 Moreover, he fortified Joppe, which should be put in tables of brass, and that lieth upon the sea, and Gazara, that border- they should be set up within the compass of eth upon Azotus, where the enemies had the sanctuary in a conspicuous place ; dwelt before: but he placed Jews there, and 49 Also that the copies thereof should be furnished them with all things convenient for || laid up in the treasury, to the end that Sithe reparation thereof.)

mon and his sons might have them. 35 The people thercfore, seeing the acts

CHAP. XV. of Simon, and unto what glory he thought || 4 Antiochus desiretb leave to pass through Judea, to bring his nation, made him their governor and grantetb great longurs to Simon, and tbe and chiei priest, because he had done all these Jews. 27 He quarrell.tb with Simen, 38 and things, and for the justice and faith which he ! sendeth some to annoy Yudea, kept to his nation, and for that he sought by M OREOVER Antiochus, son of Demeall means to exalt bis people.

V trius the king, sent letters from the 36 For in his time things prospered in his isles of the sea unto Simon the priest and hands, so that the heathen were taken out of prince of the Jews, and to all the people ; their country, and they also that were in the 2 The contents whereof were these : King city of David in Jerusalem, who had made Antiochus to Simon the high priest and prince themselves a tower, out of which they issued, of his nation, and to the people of the Jews, and polluted all about the sanctuary, and did | greeting : much hurt in the holy place :

3 Forasmuch as certain pestilent men 37 But he placed Jews therein, and forti have usurped the kingdom of our fathers, fied it for the salety of the country and the and my purpose is to challenge it again, that city, and raised up the walls of Jerusalem. I may restore it to the old estate, and to that

38 King Demetrius also confirmed him end have gathered a multitude of foreign in the high priesthood according to those soldiers together, and prepared ships of

war; 39 And made him one of his friends, and || 4 My meaning also being to go through honoured him with great honour.

the country, that I may be avenged of them 40 For he had heard say, that the Ro that have destroyed it, and made many cities mans had called the Jews their friends and in the kingdom desolate : confederates and brethren ; and that they had 5 Now therefore I confirm unto thee all entertained the ambassadors of Simon hon the oblations which the kings before me grantourably;

ed thee, and whatsoever gifts besides they 41 Also that the Jews and priests were || granted. well pleased that Simon should be their gov. 6 I give thee leave also to coin money ernor and high priest for ever, until there for thy country with thine own stamp. should arise a faithful prophet ;

7 And as concerning Jerusalem and the 42 Moreover, that he should be their cap sanctuary, let them be free ; and all the artain, and should take charge of the sanctuary, mour that thou hast made, and fortresses to set them over their works, and over the that thou hast built, and keepest in thine country, and over the armour, and over the || hands, let them remain unto thee. fortresses, that, I say, he should take charge 8 And if any thing be, or shall be, owing

to the king, let it be forgiven thee from this 43 Beside this, that he should be obeyed time forth for evermore. of every man, and that all the writings in the 9 Furthermore, when we have obtained country should be made in his name, and our kingdom, we will honour thee, and thy that he should be clothed in purple, and wear nation, and thy temple, with great honour, gold :

so that your honour shall be known through41 Also that it should be lawful for none out the world. of the people or priests to break any of these 10 In the hundred three score and fourthings, or to gainsay his words, or to gather teenth year went Antiochus into the land of an assembly in the country without him, or his fathers : at which time all the forces to be clothed in purple, or wear a buckle of came together unto him, so that few were gold :

left with Tryphon. 45 And whosoever should do otherwise, 11 Wherefore, being pursued by king An. or break any of these things, he should be || tiochus, he fled unto Dora, which lieth by punished.

the sea side : 46 Thus it liked all the people to deal || 12 For he saw that troubles came uron with Simon, and do as hath been said. him all at once, and that his forces had for47 Then Simon accepted hereof, and was saken him.

13 'Then camped Antiochus against Dora, and governor of the Jews and priests, and to having with him an hundred and twenty defend them all.

thousand men of war, and eight thousand 18 So they commanded that this writing | horsemen.

Chap. XVI.

Apocrypba. 14 And when he had compassed the city ye have taken, and the tributes of the places round about, and joined ships close to the whereof ye have gotten dominion without town on the sea side, he vexed the city by the borders of Judea : land and by sea, neither suffered he any to 31 Or else give me for them five hundred go out or in.

talents of silver; and for the harm that ye 15 In the mean season came Numenius have done, and the tributes of the cities, and his company from Rome, having letters other five hundred talents : if not, we will to the kings and countries; wherein were come and fight against you. written these things :

32 So Athenobius the king's friend came 16 Lucius, consul of the Romans, unto to Jerusalem ; and when he saw the glory king Ptolemee, greeting :

of Simon, and the cupboard of gold and 17 The Jews' ambassadors, our friends silver plate, and his great attendance, he and confederates, came unto us to renew the was astonished, and told him the king's mesold friendship and league, being sent from sage. Simon the high priest, and from the people 33 Then answered Simon, and said unto of the Jews :

him, We bave neither taken other men's land, 18 And they brought a shield of gold of || nor holden that which appertaineth to others, a thousand pound.

but the inheritance of our fathers, which 19 We thought it good therefore to write | our enemies had wrongfully in possession a unto the kings and countries, that they should certain time. do them no harm, nor fight against them, 34 Wherefore we, having opportunity, their cities, or countries, nor yet aid their hold the inheritance of our fathers. enemies against them.

35 And whereas thou demandest Joppe 20 It seemed also good to us to receive and Gazara, albeit they did great harm unto the shield of them.

the people in our country, yet will we give 21 If therefore there be any pestilent fel an hundred talents for them. Hereunto lows, that have fled from their country unto Athenobius answered him not a word; you, deliver them unto Simon the high 36 But returned in a rage to the king, priest, that he may punish them according to || and made report unto him of these speeches, their own law.

and of the glory of Simon, and of all that 22 The same things wrote he likewise | he had seen : whereupon the king was exunto Demetrius the king, and Attalus, to Icecding wroth. Ariarathes, and Arsaces,

37 In the mean time fled Tryphon by 23 And to all the countries, and to Samp- || ship unto Orthosias. sames, and the Lacedemonians, and to De 38 4 Then the king made Cendebeus caplus, and Myndus, and Sicyon, and Caria, and || tain of the sea coast, and gave him an host Samos, and Pamphilia, and Lycia, and of footmen and horsemen, Halicarnassus, and Rhodus, and Phaselis, and | 39 And commanded him to remove his Cos, and Side, and Aradus, and Gortyna, and host toward Judea : also he commanded Cnidus, and Cyprus, and Cyrene.

him to build up Cedron, and to fortify the 24 And the copy hereof they wrote to gates, and to war against the people ; but Simon the high priest.

as for the king bimself, he pursued Tryphon. 25 So Antiochus the king camped against 40 So Cendebeus came to Jamnia, and Dora the second day, assaulting it continual began to provoke the people, and to invade ly, and making engines, by which means he Judea, and to take the people prisoners, and shut up Tryphon, that he could neither go slay them. out nor in.

41 And when he had built up Cedron, he 26 At that time Simon sent him two thou- set horsemen there, and an host of footmen, sand chosen men to aid him ; silver also, and to the end that issuing out they might make gold, and much armour.

outroads upon the ways of Judea, as the king 27 Nevertheless he would not receive | had commanded him. them, but brake all the covenants which

CHAP. XVI. he had made with him afore, and became || 3 Judas and Fobn prevail against tbe forces sent strange unto him.

by Antiochus. 11 Simon and two of bis sons 28 Furthermore he sent unto him Athe treacberously murdered. nobius, one of his friends, to commune with THEN came up John from Gazara, and him, and say, Ye withhold Joppe and Ga I told Simon his father what Cendebeus zara, with the tower that is in Jerusalem, had done. which are cities of my realm.

2 Wherefore Simon called his two eldest 29 The borders thereof ye have wasted, sons, Judas and John, and said unto them, I, and done great hurt in the land, and got the || and my brethren, and my father's house, dominion of many places within my king have ever from our youth unto this day

fought against the enemies of Israel; and 30 Now therefore deliver the cities which things have prospered so well in our hands,


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