dpocrypba. the bruit of his manliness was spread ev- 1) they had in Babylon with the Galatians, how ery where.

they came but eight thousand in all to the '8 So when Philip saw that this man in- | business, with four thousand Macedonians, creased by little and little, and that things | and that the Macedonians being perplexed, prospered with him still more and more, he the eight thousand destroyed an hundred and wrote unto Ptolemeus, the governor of Ce twenty thousand, because of the lrelp that losyria and Phenice, to yield more aid to they had from heaven, and so received a the king's affairs.

great booty. 94 Then forthwith choosing Nicanor the 21 Thus when he had made them bold son of Patroclus, one of his special friends, with these words, and ready to die for the he sent him with no fewer than twenty thou laws and the country, he divided his army sand of all nations under him, to root out into four parts; the whole generation of the Jews; and with 22 And joined with himself his own him he joined also Gorgias a captain, who brethren, leaders of each band, to wit, Simon, in matters of war had great experience. I and Joseph, and Jonathan, giving each one

10 So Nicanor undertook to make so fifteen hundred men. much money of the captive Jews, as should 23 Also be appointed Eleazar to read the defray the tribute of two thousand talents, holy book : and when he had given them which the king was to pay to the Romans. this watch word, The help of God; himself

11 Wherefore immediately he sent to the leading the first band, he joined battle with cities upon the sea coast, proclaiming a sale Nicanor. of the captive Jews, and promising that they 24 And by the help of the Almighty they should have four score and ten bodies for slew above nine thousand of their enemies, one talent, not expecting the vengeance that and wounded and maimed the most part of was to follow upon him from the Almighty | Nicanor's host, and so put all to flight; God.

25 And took their money that came to 12 Now when word was brought unto | buy them, and pursued them far : but lackJudas of Nicanor's coming, and he had im- ing time they returned : parted unto those that were with him that 26 For it was the day before the sabbath, the army was at hand,

and therefore they would no longer pursue 13 They that were fearful, and distrusted them. the justice of God, fled, and conveyed them | 27 So when they had gathered their arselves away.

mour together, and spoiled their enemies, 14 Others sold all that they had left, and they occupied themselves about the sabbath, withal besought the Lord to deliver them, yielding exceeding praise and thanks to the being sold by the wicked Nicanor before Lord, who had preserved them unto that they met together :

day, which was the beginning of mercy dis15 And if not for their own sakes, yet || tilling upon them. for the covenants he had made with their 28 q And after the sabbath, when they fathers, and for his holy and glorious name's || had given part of the spoils to the maimed, sake, by which they were called

and the widows, and orphans, the residue 16 So Maccabeus calied his men to- | they divided among themselves and their sergether unto the number of six thousand, and vants. exhorted them not to be stricken with terror 29 When this was done, and they had of the enemy, nor to fear the great multia made a common supplication, they besought tude of the heathen, who came wrongfully the merciful Lord to be reconciled with his against them; but to fight manfully,

servants for ever. 17 And to set before their eyes the injury 1 30 Moreover, of those that were with that they had unjustly done to the holy || Timotheus and Bacchides, who fought against place, and the cruel handling of the city, them, they slew above twenty thousand, and whereof they made a mockery, and also the very easily got high and strong holds, and taking away of the government of their divided among themselves mariy spoils more, forefathers :

and made the maimed, orphans, widows, yea, 18 For they, said lie, trust in their weap-| and the aged also, equal in spoils with themons and boldness; but our confidence is in selves. the Almighty God, who at a beck can cast 31 And when they had gathered their ardown both them that come against us, and mour together, they laid them up all carealso all the world.

fully in convenient places, and the remnant 19 Moreover, he recounted unto them of the spoils they brought to Jerusalem. what helps their forefathers had found, and 32 They slew also Philarches that wicked how they were delivered, when under Senda person, who was with Timotheus, and had cherib an hundred four score and five thou- || annoyed the Jews many ways. sand perished.

33 Furthermore, at such time as they kept 20 And he told them of the battle that the feast for the victory in their country,



Apocrypha. they burnt Calisthenes, that had set fire upon || 8 And thus he that a little afore thought the holy gates, who had fled into a little house; he might command the waves of the sea, (so and so he received a reward meet for his proud was he beyond the condition of man) wickedness.

and weigh the high mountains in a balance, 34 As for that most ungracious Nicanor, was now cast on the ground, and carried in an who had brought a thousand merchants to horse-litter, shewing forth unto all the manibuy the Jews,

fest power of God. 35 He was through the help of the 9 So that the worms rose up out of the Lord brought down by them, of whom he body of this wicked man, and while he lived made least account ; and putting off his in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and glorious apparel, and discharging his com the filthiness of his smell was noisome to all pany, he came like a fugitive servant through his army. the midland unto Antioch, having very 10 And the man, that thought a little afore great dishonour, for that his host was de | he could reach to the stars of heaven, no man stroyed.

could endure to carry for his intolerable 36 Thus he, that took upon him to make stink good to the Romans their tribute by means 11 Here therefore being plagued, he beof the captives in Jerusalem, told abroad, gan to leave off his great pride, and to come that the Jews had God to fight for them, to the knowledge of bimself by the scourge of and therefore they could not be hurt, be- | God, his pain increasing every moment. cause they followed the laws that he gave 12 And when he himself could not abide them.

his own smell, he said these words, It is meet CHAP. IX.

to be subject unto God, and that a man that 2 Antiochus is chased from Persepolis : 28 be is mortal should not proudly think of himself, dieth miserably.

as if he were God. ABOUT that time camé Antiochus with 13 This wicked person vowed also unto A dishonour out of the country of Persia. the Lord (who now no more would have mer

2 For he had entered the city called Percy upon him, saying thus, sepolis, and went about to rob the temple, 14 That the holy city (to the which he and to hold the city ; whereupon the multi- was going in haste to lay it even with the sude running to defend themselves with their ground, and to make it a common burying weapons put them to flight ; and so it hap- || place) he would set at liberty: pened, that Antiochus being put to flight of 15 And as touching the Jews, whom he the inhabitants returned with shame.

had judged not worthy to be so much as bu3 Now when he came to Ecbatane, news ried, but to be cast out with their children to was brought him what had happened unto be devoured of the fowls and wild beasts, he Nicanor and Timotheus.

would make them all equals with the citizens 4 Then swelling with anger, he thought of Athens : to avenge upon the Jews the disgrace done 16 And the holy temple, which before he unto him by those that made him flee. || had spoiled, he would garnish with goodly Therefore commanded he his chariot-man to | gifts, and restore all the holy vessels with drive without ceasing, and to dispatch the many more, and out of his own revenue de

fray the charges belonging to the sacrifices : ing him. For he had spoken proudly in |

| 17 Yea, and that also he would become this sort, That he would come to Jerusalem, I a Jew himself, and go through all the world and make it a common burying place of the that was inhabited, and declare the power of Jews.

God. 5 But the Lord Almighty, the God of Is 18 But for all this ‘his pains would not rael, smote him with an incurable and invisi- cease : for the just judgment of God was come ble plague : for as soon as he had spoken upon him : therefore despairing of his health, these words, a pain of the bowels that was | he wrote unto the Jews the letters underwritsemediless came upon him, and sore torments ten, containing the form of a supplication, of the inner parts;

after this manner: 6 And that most justly : for he had tor 19 Antiochus, king and governor, to the mented other men's bowels with many and good Jews his citizens, wisheth much joy, strange torments.

ll health, and prosperity : 7 Howbeit, he nothing at all ceased from W 20 If ye and your children fare well, and his bragging, but still was filled with pride. | your allairs be to your contentment, I give breathing out fire in his rage against the Jews, very grcat thanks to God, having my hope in and commanding to haste the journey : but heaven. it came to pass that he fell down from his 21 As for me, I was weak, or else I wonka chariot, carried violently ; so that having a have remembered kindly your honour and sore fall, all the members of his body were good will. Returning out of Persia, and much pained,

|| being taken with a grievous disease, I thought



Apocrypbe, it necessary to care for the common safety il ness, as in the feast of the tabernacles, res of all :

membering that not long afore they had held 22 Not distrusting mine health, but hav- | the feast of the tabernacles, when as they ing great hope to escape this sickness. wandered in the mountains and dens like

23 But considering that even my father, beasts. at what time he led an army into the high 7 Therefore they bare branches, and fair countries, appointed a successor,

boughs, and palms also, and sang psalms ud24 To the end that, if any thing fell out to him that had given them good success in contrary to expectation, or if any tidings cleansing his place. were brought that were grievous, they of 8 They ordained also by a common statthe land, knowing to whom the state was ute and decree, That every year those days left, might not be troubled:

should be kept of the whole nation of the 25 Again, considering how that the Jews. princes, that are bordeiers and neighbours 9 And this was the end of Antiochus, callunto my kingdom wait for opportunities, ed Epiphanes. and expect what shall be the event, I have 10 Now will we declare the acts of Antiappointed my son Antiochus king, whom I ochus Eupator, who was the son of this wickoften committed and commended unto many | ed man, gathering briefly the calamities of of you, when I went up into the high prov the wars. inces; to whom I have written as followeth : 11 So when he was come to the crown,

26 Therefore I pray and request you to he set one Lysias over the affairs of his remember the benefits that I have done un-| realm, and appointed bim chief governor of to you generally, and in special, and that Celosyria and Phenice. every man will be still faithful to me and my 12' For Ptolemeus, that was called Mac.

ron, choosing rather to do justice unto the 27 For I am persuaded that he, under Jews for the wrong that had been done unstanding my mind, will favourably and gra to them, endeavoured to continue peace ciously yield to your desires.

with them. 28 q Thus the murderer and blasphemer 13 Whereupon being accused of tbe dirg's having suffered most grievously, as he en- i friends before Eupator, and called traitor treated other men, so died he a miserable at every word, because he had left Cyprus, death in a strange country in the mountains. | that Philometor had committed unto him,

29 And Philip, that was brought up with and departed unto Antiochus Epiphanes, him, carried away his body, who also fearing and seeing that he was in no honourable the son of Antiochus went into Egypt to place, he was so discouraged, that he poisonPtolemeus Philometor.

ed himself and died. . CHAP. X.

14 But when Gorgias was governor of the 1 Judas recovereth the city, and purifi-tb the holds, he hired soldiers, and nourished war

temple ; 35 Gasara is taken, and Timotbeus continually with the Jews : slain.

15 And therewithal the Idumeans, having N OW Maccabeus and his company, the l gotten into their hands the most commodious TV Lord guiding them, recovered the tem- | holds, kept the Jews occupied, and receiving ple and the city :

those that were banished from Jerusalem, 2 But the altars which the heathen had they went about to nourish war. built in the open street, and also the chapels, 16 Then they that were with Maccabeus they pulled down.

made supplication, and besought God that 3 And having cleansed the temple, they | he would be their belper; and so they ran made another altar, and striking stones they with violence upon the strong holds of the took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice Idumeans, after two years, and set forth incense, and 17 And assaulting them strongly, they Lights, and shewbread.

won the holds, and kept off all that fought 4. When that was done, they fell flat upon the wall, and slew all that fell into down, and besought the Lord that they might their hands, and killed no fewer than twencome no more into such troubles ; but if they ty thousand. sinned any more against him, that he himself 18 And because certain, who were no less would chasten them with mercy, and that than nine thousand, were filed together into they might not be delivered unto the blas two very strong castles, having all manner phemous and barbarous nations.

of things convenient to sustain the siege, 5 Now upon the same day that the stran 19 Maccabeus left Simon and Joseph, and gers profaned the temple, on the very same || Zaccheus also, and them that were with him, day it was cleansed again, even the five and who were enough to besiege them, and detwentieth day of the same month, which is | parted himself unto those places which more Casleu.

needed his help. 6 And they kept cight days with glad- 20 Now they that were with Simon, be


Apocrypha. ing led with covetousness, were persuaded | mies, assaulted the wall manly, and with a for money through certain of those that fierce courage killed all that they met withal. were in the castle, and took seventy thou- || 36 Others likewise ascending after them, sand drachms, and let some of them escape. while they were busied with them that were

21 But when it was told Maccabeus what within, burnt the towers, and kindling fires, was done, he called the governors of the peo- | burnt the blasphemers alive ; and others ple together, and accused those men that broke open the gates, and having received they had sold their brethren for money, and | in the rest of the army, took the city, set their enemies free to fight against them. 37 And killed Timotheus, that was hid

22 So he slew those that were found trai- || in a certain pit, and Chereas his brother, tors, and immediately took the two casties. with Apollophanes.

23 And having good success with his 38 When this was done, they praised the weapons in all things he took in hand, he Lord with psalms and thanksgiving, who slew in the two holds more than twenty had done so great things for Israel, and givthousand.

en them the victory. 24 Now Timotheus, whom the Jews had

CHAP. XI. overcome before, when he had gathered a l 1 Lysias, thinking to get Jerusalem, 8 is put to great multitude of foreign forces, and horses flight. 16 Tbe letters of Lysias to tbe ĝi ws, out of Asia not a few, came as though he r . would take Jewry by force of arms.

N OT long after this, Lysias the king's 25 But when he drew near, they that were TV protector and cousin, who also managed with Maccabeus turned themselves to pray | the affairs, took sore displeasure for the unto God, and sprinkled earth upon their things that were done. heads, and girded their loins with sackcloth, 2 And when he had gathered about four

26 And fell down at the foot of the altar, score thousand with all the horsemen, he and besought him to be merciful to them, I came against the Jews, thinking to make the and to be an enemy to their enemies, and an city an habitation of the Gentiles, adversary to their adversaries, as the law de- 3 And to make a gain of the temple, as clareth.

of the other chapels of the heathen, and to 27 So after the prayer, they took their set the high priesthood to sale every year : weapons, and went on further from the city : 4 Not at all considering the power of and when they drew near to their enemies, God, but puffed up with his ten thousands they kept by themselves.

ll of footmen, and his thousands of horsemen, 28 Now the sun being newly risen, they | and his four score elephants. joined both together; the one part having ! 5 So he came to Judea, and drew near to together with their virtue, their refuge also | Bethsura, which was a strong town, but disunto the Lord for a pledge of their success | tant from Jerusalem about five furlongs, and and victory: the other side making their he laid sore siege unto it. rage leader of their battle.

6 Now when they that were with Mac29 But when the battle waxed strong, cabeus heard that he besieged the holds, there appeared unto the enemies from heaven they and all the people with lamentation five comely men upon horses, with bridles and tears besought the Lord that he would . of gold, and two of them led the Jews, send a good angel to deliver Israel.

30 And took Maccabeus betwixt them, | 7 Then Maccabeus himself first of all took and covered him on every side with their || weapons, exhorting the other that they weapons, and kept him safe, but shot ar- would jeopard themselves together with him rows and lightnings against the enemies : so to help their brethren : so they went forth that being confounded with blindness, and together with a willing mind. full of trouble, they were killed.

8 | And as they were at Jerusalem, there 31 And there were slain of footmen twen- appeared before them on horseback one in ty thousand and five hundred, and six hun- white clothing, shaking his armour of gold. dred horsemen.

9 Then they praised the merciful God 32 As for Timotheus himself, he fled into all together, and took heart, insomuch that a very strong hold, called Gazara, where || they were ready not only to fight with men, Chereas was governor.

but with most cruel beasts, and to pierce 33 But they that were with Maccabeus through walls of iron.. laid siege against the fortress courageously 10 Thus they marched forward in their four days.

armour, having an helper from heaven : for 34 And they that were within, trusting the Lord was merciful unto them. in the strength of the place, blasphemed ex 11 And giving a charge upon their eneceedingly, and uttered wicked words.

mies like lions, they slew eleven thousand 35 Nevertheless upon the fifth day early footmen, and sixteen hundred horsemen, and twenty young men of Maccabeus' company, I put all the other to flight. inflamed with anger because of the blasphe 12 Many of them also being wounded,


Apocrypte. escaped naked ; and Lysias himself fled away | 28 If ye fare well, we have our desire ; shamefully, and so escaped.

1 we are also in good health. 13 Who, as he was a man of understand- 29 Menelaus declared unto us, that your ing, casting with himself what loss he had desire was to return home, and to follow had, and considering that the Hebrews could your own business : not be overcome, because the Almighty God 30 Wherefore they that will depart shall helped them, he sent unto them,

have safe conduct till the thirtieth day of 14 And persuaded them to agree to all Xanthicus with security. reasonable conditions, and promised that he 31 And the Jews shall use their own kind would persuade the king that he must needs of meats and laws, as before ; and none of be a friend unto them.

them any manner of ways shall be molested 15 Then Maccabeus consented to all that for things ignorantly done. Lysias desired, being careful of the common 32 I have sent also Menelaus, that he may good ; and whatsoever Maccabeus wrote ún comfort you. to Lysias concerning the Jews, the king grant 33 Fare ye well. In the hundred forty ed it.

and eighth year, and in the fifteenth day of 16 & For there were letters written unto the month Xanthicus. the Jews from Lysias to this effect : Lysias 34 The Romans also sent unto them a let. unto the people of the Jews sendet b greet | ter containing these words : Quintus Meming :

|| mius and Titus Manlius ambassadors of the 17 John and Absalom, who were sent | Romans, send greeting unto the people of the from you, delivered me the petition subscrib Jews. ed, and made request for the performance of 35 Whatsoever Lysias the king's cousin the contents thereof.

hath granted, therewith we also are well 18 Therefore what things soever were pleased. meet to be reported to the king, I have de- || 36 But touching such things as he judged clared them, and he hath granted as much as 1 to be referred to the king, after ye have admight be.

vised thereof, send one forthwith, that we 19 If then ye will keep yourselves loyal to may declare as it is convenient for you : for the state, hereafter also will I endeavour to we are now going to Antioch. be a means of your good.

37 Therefore send some with speed, that 20 But of the particulars I have given or- || we may know what is your mind. der both to these, and the others that came 38 Farewell. This hundred and eight and from me, to commune with you.

fortieth year, the fifteenth day of tbe monté 21 Fare ye well. The hundred and eight Xanthicus. and fortieth year, the four and twentieth day

CHAP. XII. of tbe montb Dioscorinthius.

i Tbe king's lieutenants vex the Jews. 22 Tis. 22 Now the king's letter contained these

otheus' armies overtbrown. words : King Antiochus unto his brother Ly W HEN these covenants were made, Ly sias sendetb greeting :

sias went unto the king, and the Jews 23 Since our father is translated unto the were about their husbandry. gods, our will is, that they that are in our 2 But of the governors of several places, realm live quietly, that every one may at Timotheus, and Apollonius the son of Gendend upon his own affairs.

neus, also Hieronymus, and Demophon, and 24 We understand also that the Jews | beside them Nicanor the governor of Cyprus, would not consent to our father, for to be would not suffer them to be quiet, and live brought unto the custom of the Gentiles, but in peace. had rather keep their own manner of living : 3 The men of Joppe also did such an for the which cause they require of us, that ungodly deed : they prayed the Jews that we should suffer them to live after their own dwelt among them to go with their wives and laws.

children into the boats which they had pre25 Wherefore our mind is, that this nation pared, as though they had ineant them no shall be in rest, and we have determined to re burt. store them their temple, that they may live 4 Who accepted of it according to the according to the customs of their forefathers. common decree of the city, as being desir

26 Thou shall do well therefore to send ous to live in peace, and suspecting nothunto them, and grant them peace, that when ing : but when they were gone forth into they are certified of our mind, they may be the deep, they drowned no less than two of good comfort, and ever go cheerfully hundred of them. about their own affairs.

5 When Judas heard of this cruelty done 27 And the letter of the king unto the na- || unto his countrymen, he commanded those tion of the Jews was after this manner : King that were with him to make them ready. Antiochus sendeth greeting unto the council, l 6 And calling upon God the righteous and the rest of the Jews :

Judge, he came against those murderers of

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