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Tour of life unto life ; or of death unto death. As they are multiplied, the mind of the child will shew its character. A listless indifferency will be impossible. Unholy affection repels instruction, as certainly and as uniformly, as holy affection receives it. In an evident fitness for admission to the holy supper, and a participation in all the privileges of a believing state, or for formal excommunication, this process will certainly result. : The membership of infants, though as complete as that of adult believers, is of a lower grade, not involving the same profession, not leading to the immediate enjoyment of the same privileges, nor binding to the same duties. Infants are complete members of the family into which they are born ; but they are at present mère objects of care. They are incapable of the services which devolve upon the grown members of it. : They are complete members of the State. But they are not fit to be turned into soldiers, or clothed with office. • It is often asked, if children are born members of the Church, and are to be baptized as being such, Why are they not all to be led to communicate at the Lord's table? It might as pertinently be asked, if children are born members of the state, Why are not some of them sent ambassadors to foreign courts? When it shall be proved, that membership in a civil community always involves a capability of performing every part of the ser. vice which is done in it, then it may be admitted, that infant membership in the Church, involves a capabili. ty to communicate at the Lord's table. If no other qualifications are necessary for communicatings than are necessary for baptism, then undoubtedly baptized infants ought immediately to communicate. It has been proved that the entire passivity of the infant in circumcision was understood. Circumcision had its most express signification upon this principle: The seed were covenanted about. The covenant fully em. braced them while as yet they were perfectly ignorant of it, and unconscious of the design of the circumcision
they sustained. Just so it is with baptism. If entire passivity be also understood in communicating at the Lord's table, then it may be correct to argue from the one to the other. But the case is quité otherways. In this respect the ordinances are totally dissimilar. Personal, intelligent agency, is always supposed in a participation of the supper. The law is, " Take, eat; this is my body, broken for you. This do in remembrance of me.” Can this law apply to an absolute ideot? Is he capable of fulfilling it? Can she evangelically discern the Lord's body ? The infant is, if possible, more incompetent to the agency required than the id. cot. The enquiry then, Why do you not put infants to communicating, presents no kind of objection to to the hypothesis of their membership. · As the infant is not qualified to come to the table of the Lord, neither does it follow from its membership, that it is qualified to vote in the deliberations of the Church, or to sustain an office. "Now this I say that the heir as long as he is a child, differeth nothing from
servant, though he be Lord of all. But is under tutors and governors, untill the time appointed of the father." There is an analogy between the two cases. : Moral agents can never be bound any farther than they have natural ability to act. If knowledge is requisite, as it is with respect to these duties, it must be possessed. If bodily strength is necessary, it must be enjoyed. If opportunity be wanting, it must be giv. en. Children become obliged so far as, and no farther than, they become possessed of capacity. .
If the means used are blessed to the apparent sanctrification of these children, there will be no hesitation, on the part of the Church, to admitting them to the table of the Lord. If not, the opposite will appear in contumacious and ungodly conduct, which will make it necessary for the Church to separate them from their society. . To what period trial is to be protracted, and for. bearance is to be exercised, the word of God does not seem clearly to determine. It does not with respect to
adults, whose characters are doubtful, or who are brought under a diciplinary process. God sets us an example of long suffering, which it would seem we ought to imitate. But his long suffering has its limits, and there ought to be bounds to that of his people. A regard to the general interest of Christianity must govern. : Excommunication, though an act of just severity, is a kind expedient. It is calculated; and were the plan of the covenant carried into faithful, uniform, and efficient practice, would be much more powerfully calcu. lated, than we can now well conceive, to save the soul from death. That such is the natural tendency, and end, of all discipline, and of excommunication itself, is evident from Paul's words, I Cor. v. 5. “To deliver such an one unto Satan, for the destruction of the flesh, that the spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus."
No believing parent can be unwilling to yield his child to such a maternal treatment from the Church, He who refuses to do so, must be considered as rejecting the covenant, despising the authority of God, and cruelly disregarding the eternal well being of his child,
If such a system of instruction, watchfulness, and dicipline, were pursued with respect to infant members, it is evident, no reason could exist, for the objeca tion which some are disposed to make to the doctrine of infant membership, that it is a principle calculated to destroy the spirituality of Churches, and turn them into societies of formalists and hypocrites. " It is the direct way," it is said " to form great national Church. es, which are good for nothing; but a real, living, spiritual Church, cannot exist upon this principle." Let us not judge too rashly. Let us well consider what sort of premises they are, from which we draw so for. midable a conclusion. Let us beware how we make use of the horrid neglects of men to decry the economy of God. Has the all wise God established his Church upon a constitution calculated to ruin it? Does not the opposite very plainly appear? Is not the system consis. tentinitself ? Hasit not an extent and grandeur, consonant to the covenant, and worthy of its contriver? Is it not
disembarrassed of the contradictions in practice of other theories ? Are not the means adapted to the end ? Is not the end secured by absolute promise ? If the scheme of infant membership were faithfully carried into exe. cution must not the Church, altogether more than upon the opposite principle, “ look forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, and be terrible as an army with banners ? " Can it be possible that, with such an object in view, and with such perpetual activi. ty in the employment of means, a Church should sink into greater carnality, than without the object, and in the disuse of the means ?
But it is said farther, “such discipline is impracti. cable.” Why impracticable ? Nothing is to be done, but what may easily be done ; nothing but what benev. olence dictates. It is indeed difficult to serve God, and Mammon; to be diligent in the duties of piety, and at the same time buried in worldly pursuits. By many Churches, every essential doctrine and duty of Christianity is trampled in the dust; experimental religion is discarded ; nothing that is right is practicable. They have a name to live, but are dead. The covenant of God is not with them, and nothing is done in compliance with it. The institutions of God are sunk into abuse; and his offerings made offensive. .
But with real Christians, with men who are created anew in Christ Jesus, and led by the Spirit of God, there is nothing in the scheme of infant membership which is impracticable. Very much indeed will be to be done. But we are told to do, with our might, whatsoever our hand findeth to do, in obedience to to Christ, and for the glory of his kingdom, while it is day; for that the night cometh wherein no man can work. Self denial must be practised. But in vain do we expect to meet the final approbation of our judge without the constant practice of it. For “ if any man will coine after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross daily, and follow me. Therefore we la. bor, that whether present, or absent, we may be accepted of him."
Respecting the abrogation of the Sinai Covenant, and the differa
ence between the dispensation which preceded, and that which followed, the advent of the Messiah.
dit hiperadded enant of been exa
THE Sinai Covenant has been examined, dis. tinguished from the Covenant of circumcision, proved to have been superadded to it, and temporay in its du. tation; and it has been shewn, that it terminated at the appearing of the Messiah. Its purpose being answered as an intervening mean, it was then abolished. But it becomes a question of great importance, in what sense, and how far it was abolished. It is as danger. ous to consider those institutions of the Deity annul. led, which remain in all their force ; as it is to perpetuate appointments, which he, by his authority, has made void.
The explanations which have been given, will assist us to understand what is meant in the scriptures by the abrogation or disannulling of the Sinai covenant. They will aid us to determine what, pertaining to this cov. enant is, and what is not, now obligatory upon chris. tian believers. For our greater security, we will here collect the several passages in the New Testament, which expressly speak of this subject.
The first distinct mention of it that I observe, is in II. Corinthians iji. 7. The words in this place are, “But if the ministration of death, written and engray. en in stones, was glorious, so that the children of Ísra. el could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses, for the glory of his countenance, which glory was to be done away." The term glory is a supplement made by the translators. Perhaps it is correct. But this glory, which seems to have been external and visible, was expressive of the inherent excellency of the law.