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or any other building wherein they can conve. mass of Bees, it ought not to be attempted but by a niently work. But if the Bees be contented with person thoroughly experienced in Bee-husbandry. their new habitation, they will go up into the hive
EXAMINATION OF THE ACCUSED. very fast, and fall to work almost immediately.
" It is the delight of lawyers to go on ploddiug in paths which In the evening the hive may be removed wherever reason has never visited, or, having visited, has deserted."
1.-BENTHA it is intended to be placed, and covered over with The practice which the Lord Mayor has adopted straw or turf. Before Bees swarm a second or third of examining prisoners, is approved by all persons time, they do not hang out in clusters about the pot bigoted to custom, or the dupes of maxias entry of the hive, or spread themselves on the which lawyers have invented for the benefit of
their craft. The wisdom of Solomon has never stool as before first swarming, but come off with been the wisdom of our law. The idea of cosout any ceremony, and in weather which is by no fronting and examining the parties fills them with means very favourable. Yet the signs which late horror“.it is so short a cut to the truth. Sportsswarms show are much more certain than those man's law and Lawyer's law are precisely of the observed before first swarming. By listening same nature; both are designed not for the seizure attentively in the evening at a hive about eight, but the pursuit. The interest of the public is simten, or twelve days after the first swarm has gone ply the detection of the culprit; the interest of the off, peculiar sounds will be heard which may be lawyer is to make that detection as roundabout and compared, says one, to a chicken peeping when it consists his craft. The hunter gives fair play, w
difficult as possible, for in unravelling the perplexity has lost its mother. It sounds, as it were, peep, law, as it is most appropriately called, to the los, peep, peep, pronounced a dozen or twenty times because it is not the capture of the fox that he de successively with one breath, at one time in a sires or cares about, but solely the pleasure of the shrill, and at another in a more hoarse tone, which run; the lawyer demands fair play for the rogue, at different times stops and begins again, and con- because it is not the detection that he desires or tinues in this way for two or three nights before cares about, but solely the profit of the prosecution, swarming. These different sounds are probably
and if the rogue escapes, be makes more busines occassioned by there being more than one Queen him who shoots the hare squatting in her form; tbe
for the profession. The sportsman cries shame ta ready to go off with a second swarm. The first
lawyer cries shame on bim who leads a prisoner night that these sounds are heard, they are less into a betrayal of himself. What does the public frequent and not so loud as the night previous to want but the detection? What does the lawyer swarming. The second or third day after these want but the pursuit, and to make the detection as peculiar sounds are heard, a swarm may be de- difficult as possible? The discovery of the truth is pended on if the weather holds in any degree the first business of justice, and the law rejects the favourable. If there be a third swarm, it never truth which a man states against himself; and what exceeds three or four days after the second, but better evidence can be had ? what evidence prein general it is so small that it would be better if dence so clear of the suspicion of malice or adverse
ceeding from such certain knowledge? what evi it had not come off at all; and even should there prejudice ? When you get it, it is by virtue of the be a third swarm, it ought to be put back again to subtilty of truth which will not be suppressed the mother hive, as it is far better to have which will out in spite of all artifices for conceale one really good hive than two bad ones. When two ment. But it is called humane not to allow the hives in an apiary happen to swarm at the same prisoner to convict himself-that this dogma should time they will run a great hazard of uniting to have been invented by lawyers, to whose interest it gether. As it is impossible to prevent the Bees serves, in no degree surprises ; but that it should from joining in such circumstances, let the Bees, interest it works, is an amazing instance of gullibi:
bave been received by the public, against whose as soon as they alight on any bush, be divided in lity. The humane rule which will not allow a the best possible mannner, and each division laid villain to convict bimself of villany, suffers the on a cloth with a hive placed over it. Convey one villain to go free and prey upon society. Is this of these divisions a good distance off from the humanity ? Acquit erroneously, observes Benthan, other, cover it pretty closely with a cloth as also a man guilty of crime, you sacrifice the property or the other division. If there be a Queen in each, the lives of all those whom destiny has marked out the Bees will in a short time be perfectly con
for victims to his future enterprises. Are the inno tented, but if any of the divisions be observed to cent to be thus exposed, that the guilty may be be in a very restless and agitated state running up selves out of their own mouths? Never could this ab
preserved from the mortification of convicting themand down the hive in the utmost confusion; in surd dogma have obtained footivg, but for the undee that case let the other division be carefully search severity of punishments
, which creates sympathy ed, and one of the Queens taken from it, and pre- with criminals, and disposes people to see, not with sented to the other division in the disordered state, out satisfaction, their chances of escape multiplied. which will in a short time be the means of appeas
To Sir Peter Laurie, who has with equal sense ing the Bees; and although they may treat the and courage broken through the absurd custom, Queen a little hor?ly at first, yet they will soon
and adopted the natural method of procedure rebe reconcil esther, and the Bees, in a
commended by Bentham, (in all probability without short tim
fall to work as if no
being aware of the authority for bis deviation from thiny ha
But as this process is son,) very high praise is due. The city may reckon
the crooked way of law into the broad path of reasometin:
ittle perseverance and this example of its Magistracy among its truest trouble,
en out of such a great I honours.-Examiner.
EMIGRATION TO CANADA.
From all the accounts we receive, it appears that EmiFrom an Article on the Life of Andrew Marvell, in the gration to Canada is likely to be carried to a much greater Westminster Review.
extent this season than in any preceding year. The ac
counts which have been received from those who have forHISTORY does not state that the friends of tyranny and cor- merly emigrated are very favourable ; and the depressed ruption raised any objection to Marvell as a parliamentary state of agriculture which has been getting from bad to candidate on the score of his poverty. But they are now be worse, ever since the peace, seems to have deprived the come bolder ; and the struggle of party which is at present agriculturists even of the hope of inore favourable times. going on, affords an opportunity for the discussion of an im Some of the English and Irish land-proprietors are, we are portant question to the welfare of the community. The gra- happy to observe, assisting the poorest of their tenantry to rumen of the charge raised by one of the contending parties emigrate-anexample which is well deserving of imitation. against the other, is that of not being rich, or, as some of the In East Lothian and Berwickshire we understand that most violent expresses it, of being beggars; -the world being emigration is alınost the only subject of conversation, and tou far advanced to pay much attention to the cries of heresy nothing but the difficulty of getting rid of leases, and and blaspheiny, which are become tolerably threaubave raising the necessary funds prevent a very large prosince the days when they assumed the sound of “Crucify portion of the farmers from leaving the country. The him! Crucify him!” Now this charge of poverty involves emigrants this year are of the most respectable class; and matters of so much importance, that the question becomes many of them are possessed of large sums of money. It ole not of individual or temporary interest, but a qnestion appears from the English and Irish provincial papers, that of principle, involving the consideration of interests as the number of emigrants from England and Ireland is also enduring and universal as man. The present is the first very great. In the Londonderry Journal of the 16th ultimo, time that the charge of not being rich has been openly we observed twenty-nine vessels advertised to sail in less than brought against parliamentary candidates; and is also the a month, from that port to the British North American first time, at least since the days of Andrew Marvell, that possessions, New York, and Philadelphia, and vessels sail candidates had come forward, to offer themselves to the almost daily from Liverpool to the same destination. people's choice, resting their pretensions solely on their In a toriner mumler we gave some information to intendintrinsic merit- to wit, on their capacity, their honesty, ing emigrants, and we may also give them the following canand their knowledge. Where has this heavy charge, this tions. At Liverpool, and very probably at other places the grave accusation, lain so long concealed ? The truth is, guards and the coachwen of some coaches seem to be in there was no guilt in being poor, till poor men stood forth league with certain passenger-brokers, who are not over the champions of the poor. Where was the accusation scrupulous when Wey get an ignorant countryman into when Burke, and Sheridan, and Canning, and Huskisson, their hands. Intending emigrants should apply, immeand Mr. Praed, and Mr. Wringham, and men of that class diately on their arrival in town, to the respectable passencame forward as candidates? Neither the monied nor the ger-brokers, who will take care that they are embarked on landed interest conceived itself to be in danger, or raised any board of good vessels, and on reasonable terms.
Let them, lue and cry then. The people of England now stand in above all, avoid making acquaintance with men about the the place of the individuals who brought into parliament docks, many of whom are swindlers. Another caution is the gentlemen named above ; and the moment they begin contained in a Letter rom the Ettrick Shepherd, which he to exercise their privilege, the “men of property” raise a lately addresseil to an Edinburgh Paper. He enjoins emihoul as loud as if their souls, which are their money bags, grants not to “pay one farthing of carnest money on booking were ravished from them. Expand your sordid souls, and their names at the various agents of each ship. Let them enter conceive that independence has nothing to do with wealth ; their names as passengers where they will, but never pay a -that a man is independent, not in proportion as he has sixpence until they are on board, and have received their many possessions, but as he has few wants. Does not all ) berths. I received a letter from Quebec last year, from a history, all experience, go to convince you of the falschood friend who had just landed there on his way to Upper of your position ? Would all the riches in the world have Canada, desiring me to charge any of his friends, or my purchased a Socrates or a Bentham ? Would the riches of own, who come out this year, to pay no carnest-moner. the nniverse have satisfied a Charles Stuart or a George And I think you will allow that this tale warranty this Guelph, or formed one atom of security for their political caution. An American Company advertised a ship to sil good conduct ? As is the model, so are the copies; as is about the end of May. They had agents over all the the master, so are the followers. The vulgar admirers of a country, both in Scotland and England, who took in all Guelph and a Stuart may be expected to labour under some that offered, and charged earnest-money for all, to the difficulty in the conception, that there are men who would amount of 5s. a head, or Ll, ls. for a family. What was dine with more satisfaction at the simple board of Marvell the consequence? The ship was only registered for eighty than at the “regales dapes” of a Charles or a George ; passengers, so the first eighty that arrived were received men who could live, happy and contented, without gorgeous on board, and the vessel set sail. Upwards of three hwpalaces, coroneted trappings, gilded lacqueys, and jewelled dred arrived from all quarters, these were handed over, harlots, but thongh such qualities are rare, they are to be partly to an English ship lying at Maryport, and the rest found, and the education necessary to form them has not to a large American lying at Whitehaven. This last party, entirely, with Astræn, deserted the earth. Now it may be in which were several of my intimate friends and relations, asked of any person of sense, whether it is most likely that had to board themselves there for a month before the vessel a man who, though he has little has what he wants, would, sailed. The Americin Captain then took them on board at for the sake of making some addition to his income, sell the fare formerly stipulated, but every one lost their arrais, the power of being useful, not only to the present race of or earn st-money; and my friend avers, that what with board his countrymen, but to the men of all countries and of before sailing, and the loss of their former payments, that poor every time, or that a man who has much more, should do company of iniustrious emigrants lost upwards of L.100.'' the sanie for the purpose of gratifying his irregular desires. No one should go to Canava who has not 1.300, or upwards, For the man who has once so sold himself, is sold for ever. unless he is prepared to be industrious and work hard; and He has irrevocably sullied the purity of a patriot's honour. if he is of dissipated and immoral habits, he will find hinThere is a stain upon the brightness of his name, which self in a worse situation than in this country. It is a bad the tide of ages could not wash out. Those men must have place for all who have been accustomed to lead a lazy luxua stranve idea, not only of the morality but of the intellect, rius life, even thonghi possessed of capital, unless it is to be of a philosophic Radical like Marvell, if they imagine him employed in some kind of business; for although the intesuch a dolt as to sacrifice so much for so little, as to ex rest of money is high, clothes are very dear, provisions not change a greater happiness for one so palpably, so immea. cheap, and the wages of servants, artizans, and labowers of surably lesy.
all descriptions, much higher than in this country. Several
thousand pensioners, who sold their pensions and emigrated every thing animate and inanimate, is managed in this within these last two years, have, from want of industrious country. Every thing is made of wood; all is done with habits, suffered the greatest misery. A Report, by the Emi- the axe-a different weapon, however, from the English gration Committee of Quebec, as to their situation, states, One hundred pounds would cover the above, but that they must have brought with them, or received here would not admit of more improvements. The average since they arrived, probably about L.10,000 ; and, we be expense of land till you receive your crop, is L.4, 105, 10 lieve, that few will assert that they are not now, in general, L.5, per acre, when you hire labourers to clear it; but in a worse condition than they could have possibly been at every one here says, the first crop of Fall xbeat will more home. But it is not necessary that the emigrant, to enable than repay the outlay. We have this yet to prove ; all him to succeed in Canada, should be acquainted with agri- that I can say is, that I am more and more satisfied with culture. The method of cultivating the land is so different my plan, but it must be understood, that it requires at from that followed in Britain, that the knowledge of the least L.300 to enable a genteel family to come out; L.100 system of agriculture in use in this country is comparatively for outfit and passage, L.100 to reach the ground and live of little value. A Scotch agriculturist has no knowledge a year, and L.100 to carry through the operations to build of the clearing of land as practised in Upper Canada, or of a house, clear the land, reap a crop, and pay the first inthe cultivation of Indian corn and pumpkins two of the stalment of the price of the land. There is not a settler most valuable crops cultivated in that country. With here who is well-inclined, active, and respectable in baie sobriety, industry, and perseverance, every one who can use conduct, who would wish to return to Great Britain with his hands may insure success ; without these qualities he much greater advantages. Persons too refined, as lawyers, can no more expect to succeed in Canada than he can in &c., would do no good; nor doctors, for the people, are Britain. We have some farther remarks to make on the very healthy. Industrious mechanics, particularly shoesubject of emigration to Canada; but we shall, at present, makers, would be a treasure. Shoes we are much in conclude with the following Extract of a Letter from an want of. Even these for women cost 10s. per pair. Officer's Widow, dated Township of Orillia, near Luke “We have had a most delightful wiater, except for a few Simcoe, Upper Canada, 25th January 1833 :
days. We have felt no cold though up to the knees in “ About two months ago, the Indians took it into their snow. The woods are warm, and there is no wind. Every heads to complain to the Governor, that the white people thing is dry ; the snow may be knocked about like dust
, occupied too many of the houses, and they insisted on all I wander about in the woods with nothing on but what I of them leaving the village of the Narrow's. We had just have in the house ; but this winter I understand has been engaged two men to chop five acres, and we got them to very favourable. I am afraid all the best government land put up a shanty on our own lot, which they did in a few here is taken up, and the company's land has risen to los, days, and we entered it when the snow was knee deep. I and 12s. 6d., currency, per acre, according to quality. There considered it a great hardship to be dislodged from the village, is plenty of pine-laud vacant, but nobody likes it. Several fearing the winter in a shanty in the woods, but I have regret townships, however, are to be settled this year pot far ted ever since that it did not happen sooner, as I am much from here, in which there is plenty of good land." more comfortable in every respect. It is only a temporary and rough log hut, such as all the families in these lowo The following extracts are from letters from persons who ships who came out last spring are living in, until their have, within these few years, gone from England to settle houses are ready--but we have made it warm and com in Upper Canada. The first is dated « January 16, 1825, fortable. We bave plenty of water and fuel, and are se St. Thomas, Talbot Road, Upper Canada." St. Thomas iš cured from the cold by these majestic woods ; and for the a village, about 150 miles from York ;delighted feeling of independence! to look around and say “ Wheat harvest is over, I never saw finer crops. We had this is all your own; no landlord, coal merchant, or shop- three acres of wheat, three of oats and pease; and next year we keeper dunning you for money-no fear of any thing dis- shall have more than double that quantity. As we increase our agreeable. The heart is light, knowing that in a year or lillage, so we increase our stuck. 'We milk three cows, and are two, with a little money, common prudence, and in lustry, rearing three calves. Last winter was a very long one, but i one may enjoy every comfort any reasonable person would did not suffer more from the cold than at home. We kept large desire. We have fairly commenced our operations, and middle of November to the beginning of April, but never mere
fires day and night. The snow was on the ground from tör the trees are falling around us. Our choppers are young than 18 inches thick.
We fed the cattle on the tops of trees, Scotch Highlanders, froma township on the opposite side of the lake, where they are numerous. They have been maple, and bass woud. We have plenty of sugar maple here
of which they are very fond, particularly of young beech, elit eleven years in the country, and are well acquainted with we made about 200 cwt. of beautiful sugar. We tapped abwat all the usual operations, and are civil, deceni men. The 100 trees with an inch augur, and with a shoot carried the sap plan followed by settlers is, to contract with a person to which flowed out into small troughs; and, after boiling the chop, that is, to cut down the trees, hew them into lengths sap, in about ten days we had the sugar as good as we could 12 feet long, and pile all the tops into heaps, ready for wish. I wish I had come over 30 years ago. Although we are burning, for seven dullars (30s.) an acre, they finding 700 miles back in the words, there is no want of any thing! themselves in provisions. This is done during winter. You
the people are industrious, we are sure to do well; for there is again contract, that in the end of April they log and clear Dodd, for 375 acres of land, has only paid six shillings. We
no tithe, and very little taxes. We have pot paid any yet ; and the land that is, draw the logs together with oxen, burn hare six large stores in the village, that will take all coun, oath
, them, fence, harrow, and sow the ground, for from seven
and pork, paying half in cash, and the other half in such artio or eight dollars per acre. We have got nearly five acres cles as you may require froin the Store." chopped, and intend to get other five acres done. These The following is given as a list of the prices of prorimen (their fathers being masons and carpenters) are to sions, reckoning the sovereign at 38s. New York currency: have ihe contract for our house, which will cost about so that the amount in English money would be bue little L.25, except, perhaps, the partitions, which require more than half set down here :well-seasoned wood-but I think it will include the “ Wheat, 8s., corn and oats, 4.g., potatoes, 3s., peace, ti per whole. The situation must be fixed on, and the timber bushel. Beef, mutton, and veal, 5d. per Ib. Beer and Cider
. cut in March or April; and perhaps the shell put up, but Ix. per quart, whisky, ditto; rum, 2s. 68. best French Brasnothing more done till after seed time. We shall have dy, 8s., Hollands, 6s. Cider however will in a year or too be Indian corn, potatoes, turnips, pease, oats and pumpkins, very low, as almost every farmer has planted an orebard, and but no wheat, till the autumn, as spring wheat does not the trees grow twice as fist here as they do at home, and bear thirive so well. We must bave a yoke of oxen, two cows, home as't do here, and mother has not been stronger these pigs and poultry as soon as vegetation appears, for then they cost neither trouble nor expense, except to cut down a
years than she is at present. We are very busy now in barnbasswood tree that the cattle may eat the hops, and treat
ing the trees we have cut down, to prepare the ground for
wheat. We take but little trouble with our breech after the them wiib a little salt. It is astonishing to see how simply lings are burnt, we do not plough the ground the fint year
Bow one busbel of wheat and drag it in, and we get better crops T have surmised he l.as bis furniture, &c. ; he has consumed
JOURNAL OF A SCIENTIFIC LADY,
ADDRESSED TO A FRIEND IN EDINBURGH. eight or nine years to complete their purchase, paying 7 per rent., bowever, for interest.
AH! my dearest Anna ; you, who are still enjoying, at Postscript. I wrote the above last fall; since then 2000 the College, the lecture of the most elegant of all Profeseinigrants have come out. We have had no winter. Christ sors; you, who thrice a-week witness his ingenious experi. mas has been as mild as May. We have paid no taxes yet, but ments ; you, who perhaps at this moment are inhaling the I had notice yesterday, and Joseph took his rifle and went out gas of nitrous oxide, or gas of Paradise ; how do I envy by the corn rick, and shot a wild turkey, and sold it for five your sensations and associations. Most joyfully do I sit shillin and hat paid our taxes at once.' Among the miscellaneous information of this letter, we journey to Rothsay; not to indulge in the frivolous tittle
down to perform my promise of noting an account of my learn that there are two newspapers in this village, so that tattle to which many of our sex are addicted, but to attempt the emigrants get all the news of “home” in five or six weeks after date ; they have four doctors, who, however, have
a scientific journal worthy of our studies. not work enough for one, as there is little doing in the vil indications of the barometer, the mean temperature of the
Nothing occurred on the road worthy of mentioning; the lage, except in the obstetric department of the art, and this thermometer, and the contents of the pluviometer, will be is chiefly managed by the matrons.
found in the table we have agreed to interchange weekly. The second letter is dated, Peterborough, Newcastle District,
The day after our arrival, we dined with our friends the
S_ -s, where we had the scapula of the ovis, or shoulUpper Canada, 22d January, 1833. der of mutton, with a sauce of macerated cæpe ; two birds “ Another de-cription of ne:rler is that individual who possesses means, having L.300 or L. 400, and a large family. " At
of the gallinaceous tribe, served with sysimbriam, or waterhome the amount is consilered quite sufficient. Now, let us
cresses, and the customary vegetables, brassica, lactura, and see how it can be best appropriated. We must, in order to coine spinacia, through none of which the aqueous fluid had been to a close calculation, name the extent of his family,--say, a sufficiently allowed to percolate. There was also soup, man, his wife, and five children. Suppose the children are not which retained so considerable a portion of caloric that it of a working age. The expense of htting binself out, and that scalded my palati epidermis ; and the piper nigrim, or whic, is incurred by reaching the upper province, will dip deep black pepper, with which it was seasoned, occasioned an into one hundred pounds. However, it brings him to the town unpleasant titillation in the whole oral region. In the or village which is nearest to the land that he may purchase. afternoon the water in the kettle not having been raised to This will not be at a less distance than from 15 to 20 miles of 212° Fahrenheit, or the point at which evaporation takes from 5s. per acre to 20s. or 30. After several expensive trips place, the thea viridis, or green tea, formed an imperfect into the Bush, (for he is compelled to take a guide with hiin at solution, in which state I believe its diaphoretic qualities 75. 64. per day,) this excursion wiil, as it must be made on are injurious. Mrs. S declared that she never drank fnot, ocenpy the best part of a week, and he may think himself any thing but the simple element; but I informed her if fortunate if he succeeds in making his selection, without fur- she meant water, it was not a simple element, but composther loss of time, trouble, and expense.
ed of oxygen and hydrogen ; and I availed myself of this £. 8. d.
opportunity to instruct her that the atmospheric air is also However, let us commence with this charge... 4 0
a mixture, containing about 73 parts of azotic, and 27 of 200 acres of land at 5s. per acre is £50 in four instalments. First instalinent.....
12 10 0
oxygen gas ; at which the ignorant creature only exclaimExpense in conveyiog tis family to his land... 5 0
ed, “ Well, I have myself seen a good many red gashes His next proceeding is contracting for the
across the sky, particularly at sun-set." But, my dearest clearing of ten acres, whereon to build his
Anna, I may confess to you, that I am more and more hor. house, and commence his farm. This
rified at the sad blunders of mamma, who has not, like us, will be
received the advantages of a scientific education ; and yet Building his house or shaoty....
30 0 0 she will every now and then catch a word which she fanIt will be necessary to lay in flour and pork,
cies she understands, and betrays the most pitiable ignofor one year....
When I was describing a resinous matter, obtained Having now got up his house, and ten acres
by precipitation, she shook her head and exclaimed, “ Imcleared, he crops it, with potatoes, Indian
possible, child; nothing is ever gotten by precipitation; your corn, pumpkios, grass seed, and what will make fodder for his cow and oxen; by the
poor father was ever telling you not to do things in such a next year be purchases them, and during
hurry." And once, when Professor Jameson shewed me a the growth of them, he is compelled to
lump of mineral earth, I inquired whether it was friable; hire a man to assist him in chopping down,
she ejaculated, “ Friable, you simpleton : no, nor boilalogging, and burning five acres more.
ble either ; why it is not good to eat." These are but a One year's hire for this man and his keep,
few specimens of her lamentable ignorance; in point of cannot be less than.....
46 0 0
acute misapprehension, she exceeds Mrs. Malaprop herself; He now buys his cow and a yoke of oxen, say 20 0 0
and you cannot conceive the painful humiliation I am con. He must build a barn; otherwise bis produce
tinually subjected to by such exposures. As to experiments, is not safe...........
I have not yet ventured on many; for having occasioned, L. 222 10 0
a small solution of continuity in the skin of my forefinger, Remaining payments to be paid in course of
by an accidental incision, I have been obliged to apply a three years, and interest...
..37 10 0 styptic, secured by a ligature; by placing some butter, how
ever, in a temperature of 96, I succeeded in reducing it to a Currency.....
L. 2600 0 state of diliquescence, and by the usual refrigerating pro
cess, I believe I should have converted it into a gelatine, A singular change in his constitution now took place but that it refused to coagulate, doubtless owing to some He lost entirely the power of eating ; his jaws were si, fault in the apparatus. You are aware that a phosphores. and his teeth so closely clenched, that every attempt to cent light emanates from some species of fish in an incipient force open his mouth with instruments failed. Having acstate of putrefaction, to which has been attributed the irri-cidentally observed an opening in his teeth, made by the descent appearance of the sea at certain seasons. To illus- action of the tobacco-pipe, and usual with great smokers, trate this curious property, I hoarded a macharel in a closet they succeeded in pouring some tent wine into his throat for several days; and it was already beginning to be most in- through a quill. During forty-six days, he subsisted on t 'restingly luminous, when mamma who had for some days about three pints or two quarts of tent; and during all been complaining of a horrid stench in the house, discovered that period he had no alvine evacuation. my hidden treasure, and ordered it to be thrown on the dung At the end of seventeen weeks, viz., about the 7th of hill, observing, she expected sooner or later, to be poisoned by August, he awoke, dressed himself, and walked about the my nasty nonsense ; but mamma has no nose for experimen- room, being perfectly unconscious that he had slept more tal philosophy; no more have I, you will say, for yesterday, than one night. Nothing, indeed, could make him believe as I was walking with a prism before my eyes, comparing the that he had slept so long, till, upon going to the fields, he different rays of the spectrum with the Newtonian theory, saw crops of barley and oats ready for the sickle, which he I came full bump against an open door, which drove the remembered were only sown when he last visited them. sharp edge of the glass against the cartilaginous projection Although his flesh was somewhat diminished by so long of the nose, occasioning much sternutation and a consider a fast, yet he was said to look brisker than he had ever able discharge of blood from the nasal emanatories. By done before. He felt no inconvenience whatever from his nitrate of silver I have also formed some chrystals of Diana, long confinement, and he had not the smallest recollection and I have been eminently successful in making detonating of any thing that had happened. He accordingly entered powder; although the last explosion happening to occur just again upon his rural occupations, and continued to enjog as our neighbour James Heaviside was reading of the tre- good health till the morning of the 17th of August, 1897, mendous thunderbolt that fell in the gentleman's garden at when he experienced a coldness and shivering in his back; Alloa, he took it for granted he was visited by a similar and, after vomiting once or twice, he again fell into his phenomenon, and in the apprehension shuitled down stairs former state of somnolency. on his nether extremity (being prevented from walking by Dr. William Oliver, to whom we owe the preservation of the gout) ejaculating all the way, “Lord have mercy upon these remarkable facts, happened to be at Bath, and hearus." Upon learning the cause of his alarm, he declared the ing of so singular a case, set out, on the 23d of August, to blue-stocking hussey (meaning me) ought to be sent to the inquire into its history. On his arrival at Tinsbury, be tread-mill, and mamma says I shall be indicted for a nuis. found Chilton asleep, with bread and cheese, and a cup
I have done nothing yet in botany; the extreme of beer, placed on a stool within his reach. His pulse was coli of the early season makes it impossible to find plants, regular, though a little too strong, and his respiration fret. having only picked up a few specimens of the bellis order, He was in “ a breathing sweat," with an agreeable warnth “polygamia supertiua," vulgo the daisy. And now, my over his body. Dr. Oliver bawled into his ear, pulled dearest Ama, adieu. You will receive this by my cousin his shoulders, pinched his nose, stopped his month and nose George, who goes to Edinburgh to-morrow ; but as the together ; but, notwithstanding this rude treatment be youth is of the bashful species, I fear, in spite of my lec- evinced no indications of sensibility. Impressed with the iure, he will commit it to the penny post, not having the belief that the whole was " a cheat,” Dr. Oliver lifted up bis honour of your acquaintance. Once more adieu, and be- eyelids and found the eyeballs drawn up under his brows lieve me ever yours most truly. *
and perfectly motionless. He held a phial containing spirit H. C. of sal ammoniac under one nostril a considerable time; bil
though the doctor could not bear it for a moment under his own nose without making his eyes water, the sleeping
, INTERESTING CASE OF SOMNOLENCY. patient was insensible to its pungency. The ammonia al
spirit was then thrown up his nostrils, to the amount of
about half an ounce; but though it was “ as strong almost SAMUEL Chilton, an inhabitant of the village of Tins. bury, near Bath, was a la jourer of a robust habit of body, tremble, and his nose run.
as fire itself,” it only made the patient's eyelids shirer and though not corpulent, and had reached the 25th year of his When apparently in perfect health, he fell into a pro- doctor crammed the same nostril with the powder of white
Thus baffled in every attempt to rouse him, our ruthless found sleep on the 13th May, 169+, and every method hellebore ; and finding this equally inactive, he was preta which was tried to l'ouse liim proved unsuccessful. mother ascribed his conduct to sulleness of temper; and fectly convinced that no imposter could have remained indreading that he would die of hunger, placed within his overpowered with sleep.
sensible to such applications, and that Chilton was really reach bread and cheese, and small beer; and though no In the state in which Dr. Oliver left him, various gentle person ever saw him cat or drink during a whole month,
men from Bath went to see him; but his mother would yet the food set before him was daily consumed. At the
not permit the repetition of any experiments. end of a mouth, he rose of his own accord, put on his
On the 2d of September, Mr. Woolmer, an experienced? clothes, and resumed his usual labours in the bold.
apothecary, went to see him, and finding his pulse preity After a lapse of nearly two years, namely, on the 9th of high, he took fourteen ounces of blood from his arm; April, 1996, he was overtaken with excessive sleep. He was
neither at the opening of the vein, nor during the flow of now bled, blistered, cupped, and scarified, and the most
the blood, did he make the smallest movement. irritating medicines applied externally ; but they were una
In consequence of his mother removing to another house, able to rouse or even to irritate him, and during a fortnight he was never seen to open his eyes. He ate, however, lency. His head accidentally struck against a stone, and res
Chilton was carried down stairs when in this fit of somBUas before, of the food which was placed near him, and perceived such a severe blow, that it was much cut ; but he formed the other functions which were required; but no gave no indications whatever of having felt the blow. Di. person ever saw any of those acts, though he was some Oliver again visited him in his new house; and, after tryDiues found fast asleep with his mouth full of food. In this ing again some of his former stimulants, he saw a gentle condition he lay len weeks.
man who accompanied him “ run a large pin into the
arm of Chilton to the very bone, without his being sensible The above is, we presume, written in ridicul of the attempts late of it. During the whole of this long fit lie was never set It made to have womiu a better and more lieful education. It is * Ally seroth," wil so perfettly harmless, that we re-publish it withi.
tu cat or drill, though generally once a-day, or sonet| Et* out the least apprehen all of ini chic. Il wel suce even create a
once in two days, the food which stood by him hud disipo laugh.