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innate cleverness to outwit the coming storm; powy

within firmatory evidence of the truth of the miserable woman's a few hours of the trial which was to determine his fate, assertion was supplied; and that, in fact, without heshe acknowledged himself without a resource or a expedient tation, the jury found for the plaintiff, 1.2.1. bf 15.1314 beyond patience to attend to the grave proceeding, sit it out, Squire Hogay's look of consternation, when he heard the and endeavour to comprehend it.

verdict, was pitiable. For ai moment he bent down his To beguile the remainder of his sad evening, after receiv-head and wiped his forehead with his moist haudkertbiet ing the attorney's, communication, he repaired to his club. Then, with a wretched leer distorting his haggard conna room. He found himself ent there.' Issuing, in no plead nance, he started up, and, muttering indistinctly, bowed low sant mood, into the streets, he encountered, by lamp-light, to the judge, the jury, the bar, the public, all, as if he an individual in a red coat whom he had hitherto consi. would humbly acknowledge the superiority of every human dered rather as a deferential hanger-on than as an acquaint

being. After this, forgetting his hat, he was hurrying away: ance to boast of., Now, at least, by unbending himself, he some one placed it in hand; he bowed lowly, and smiled need not fear a repulse ; so, he warmly stretched out both again ; and, finally, forgetting the necessity to remain uz his hands, he received a very distant bow of recognition, covered, he pressed it hard over his eyes and left the court; and was left alone under a lamp-post.

carrying with him the sincere, and, in some instances, the “ By Cork!" said the Squire, with a bitter laugh, “ the tearful sympathy of the spectators. 7 aliy m 7. von puppy officer thinks I am turned upside-down in the world As fast as horses could gallop with him, he left Dablin

, already!"

a few moments following. The cause came on. Our good friend's eyes were riveted

" By Cork, Kate" he began, laughing, as his daughon every person who uttered a word, upon one side or the ter, upon his arrival at the house which used to be Kis homa other. The usual jollity of his countenance changed into hurried to meet him : but he could not carry on the farce ; the inost painful expression of anxiety; and when any thing his throat was full and choking; and suddenly throwing witty was said by one of his Majesty's counsel. learned in himself upon his child's neck, he sobbed áloud. the law, at which others laughed, his efforts to second them

She understood him, but said nothing ; she only kissed were miserable to behold. And although it was a bitter his cheeks and pressed his hands, keeping down all show of cold day, the Squire constantly wiped the perspiration from her own grief and alarm.—Woman ! in such a situation his forehead and face; chewing, between whiles, a scrap of you can do this : man cannot: it is above the paltry selfiska quin which he had almost unconsciously picked off his ness of his nature. seat

He rallied, and tried to take up his absurd jeering tone, The depositions, on his death-bed, of Daniel the hunts- but soon tripped in it a second time. man,' were tendered against him. They established the fact

“Ay, Kate, by the good old Jove, I'm a poorer man than of the wretched self-accuser having kidnapped the heir of the day I rafiled for your mother : and you must work, surt his then master, and handed the infant to his partner in enough, to try and keep a little bread with us. If there's crime. And the first living witness 'who appeared on the any thing you think I can turn my hand to, ouly say the table, was that wituh, supposed to have been long dead, word, and you'll see I'll not be idle, my poor girl" even by Daniel himself. She swore that she had intended He entered into the details of his misfortunes and mortifto destroy the babe ; that, however, having got it into her cations. Among other things, he mentioned the slight of arms, she relented of her purpose, and gave it, with a bribe, “the puppy officer ;" and neither his wonder por his cori. to a strange woman, in a distant district; to expose for her osity was excited, when, now for the first time, Catherine on the high road. Next came the woman alluded to, and burst into tears. she proved that she had followed the directions of her em It shows much good sense to take my Lady Law at her ployer, and afterwards watched, unseen, until an elderly word. Fortune is fickle, but law iş fickleness; the prinsi. lady of her neighbourhood, passing by with a servant, ple itself. And so seemed to argue the successful young aspicked up the little unfortunate. And, lastly, the afore- pirant to the Squire's estaté.' While yet only expatinting said elderly ladly, who, by the way, had endured some lit-on his past misfortunes, our worthy friend received a note tle scandal, at the time, for her act of Christian charity, cor- which informed him that, in a quarter of an hour, an auroborated this person's testimony; and further deposed that thorized agent would arrive to take possession of the house she had carefully brought up, on limited means, until the and lands; and father and daughter had not recovered from day she procured him a commission in his Majesty's ser the shock this gave them, when the agent was announced vice, the plantiff in the case at issue. Not a litle of evi- and entered the room where they sat. Catherine tutried dence, in contradiction to that stated, ' was offered by the away her face : she could not look at him. defendant; and the only link of the chain of proof submit “ Possession of every thing in the house tooth asked the ted by the heir-at-law, which the Squire's counsel energeti- trembling Squirem“ Every thing you say?"" Every cally sought to cut through, was that created by the first thing," answered the agent; who was no man's agent but witness.' On her cross-examination, it was ingeniously at his own, after all. Catherine started at his voice-* Yes, tempted to be impressed on the minds of the jury, that no every thing; even of the angel that makes this house a reliance could be placed upon the oath of a depraved crea- beaven.”_"He advanced to her side. She turned to laicoture like her ; that she had really made away with the in- shrieked—laughed and lay insensible in his arms. It was fant, according to her original intention ; and that the one the Squire's a puppy officer” in the first place; Catherine's she had offered for exposure, must have been her own, the faithful adorer, in the second place; the plantiff in the lata result of her acquaintance with the son of her benevolent action, in the third place; and the triumphậnt hunter for and ill-requited Protectress. But, without pausing upon his mistress" hand, in the fourth place. Surely, dear fair details, we shall only say, that during the trial, some con- . reader's, he had a claim on her.

“ Yes if he account for

his neglect; since she left Dublih. Very good. ?"Thiátos COLUMN FOR THE LADIES,
easily done. He had vainly applied for leave of absence;
and his letter advising her of the fact, as also of his inten-

COURTSHIP AND MARRIAGE IN THE UNITED STATES. tion to take the field for her, dressed in the costume of a

. THE place in which American society appears to the

greatest advantage is Washingtou, during the winter. In ; picture of this then unknown father, (which in the Squires summer the city is almost deserted; it is then inhabited

town-house, Catherine had often pronounced very like him,) principally by the members of government, and those conthat letter had miscarried odih 10469401911

nected with the government establishments. But the first “ So your dánghter is mine, good Siry on your own terms," Monday in December of every year, is the day fixed for the

assembling of Congress. As the time approaches, the sena y added the fourfold' hero...,1.;

tors and représentatives arrive in crowds, accompanied by. 4 Capital, by JovellaCapital ! *a glorious hoax, by Cork! their families, and followed by shoals of solicitors, and capitallrlaughed the ex-squire, 973438

people having business with Congress. The city seems full «I and delighted, you think so ; " and I assure yoti, my instantaneously. The ministers and" diplomatic body give dear Sir, that I dressed myself up like the picture, merely return ; if the day, passes in the whirl of business, the

entertainments; the members of Congress give dinners in +

at the time to undeavour to recommend myself to your good night is borne away by that of pleasure. The president opinion, by the oddity of the conceit ; for I knew you holds a levee once a week ; that is to say, one evening in liked a hoax in your very heart."

the week he opens his house to all those who desire to pay Give me your hand, my dear boy ! Like a hoax! him a visit. Nothing can be more simple than the eti

quette of the head of the Government. The concourse of Ah, don't I ?-and it is such a prime one! choice ! capital !

visiters is the only thing which distinguishes these assemcapital, by, the beard of the good old Jove !”—and, wring- blages from those of any other individual. ing his own hands, and transported by his feelings, the The conditions of life being perfectly equal in America, worthy, man left the room, to describe and praise to his very parents have nothing to oppose to the choice their daughters servants, what so much gladdened his soul.

may make of a husband. Thus it is a received maxim “ You were ignorant of your parentage upon the day of throughout the Union, that this choice only concerns young

ladies, and it is therefore for them to be prudent enough not the hunt ?" asked Catherine, after they had conversed some

to enter into engagements unworthy of their hands. But time together.

it would be considered almost as an act of indiscretion on “ I was. Upon the spot where the huntsman fell, I en the part of the parents to wish to influence their choice. countered the woman, returned from half a life of wander. Nothing in the world can be so happy as the situation of hing, who exposed me in my infancy : she had been seeking ticularly if she is pretty, as almost all are, and has some

an American young lady from fifteen to twenty-five, par. me in Dublin, to unburden her conscience, and do me a fortune. She finds herself the centre of general admiratardy justice. I was on the road for the hunt; thither ske tion and homage ; her life passes in holidays and pleasures'; followed me rapidly, and outstripped me some days; assum

she is a stranger to contradiction, still, more to refusals. ving the garb of the former witch of the cave, to conceal her she thinks most likely to ensure her future happiness ; for

She has only to choose, among a hundred adorers, the one identity. I need scarce say, that from her I then received here every body marries, and every body is happy in marthe information which enabled me to prosecute my claim. riage. This state of “belle," as it is called, is too attracMy beloved Catherine's sense of delicacy will readily sug-tive to make young ladies consent to quit it too soon; acgest to her, why I kept out of her view, from that day, until I could prove the truth or falsehood of her story. "And cordingly, it is not, in general, until after rejecting many now, here i sit, able, thank heaven! to show to the woman ning to lose something of their empire, that they conclude

offers, and when they perceive that their charms are beginof my heart, that she did not quite misplace her generous by choosing a liege lord. It is to Washington, in particn

love, when she gave it to a poor and friendless ensign, and lar, that the fine women of all the States come to shine ; ps with it the prospect of wealth, and of rank in the world." It is recorded that, from this hour, Squire Hogan, never part of the Union are represented. An ardent deputy from

a sort of female congress, in which the charms of every wore, except perhaps when asleep, a serious face. Having the south is captivated by the modest charms of a beauty resigned with a hearty good will,” his commission of Jus, from the east; while a damsel from Carolina rejects the tice of the Peace, there remained nothing on earth to compel him to ffacem wise," as Bacon says ; and he had full lei- overtures of a senator from the north. All, however, are sure to pursue, uninterruptedly, his practical hoaxes; which ber of marriages is declared ; they serve to strengthen

not rejected, for at the end of every session a certain nunhe himself, if nobody else did it for him, called “ capital! further the Union of the States, and multiply the ties choice, by Cork's own town !”

which unite all parts of this great whole in an indissoluble USEFUL HINT.-An advertisement appeared in a morning paper, a few days ago, respecting a young lady who had Once married, the young lady entirely changes her eloped, which concluded as follows:_“She is most earnestly habits. Farewell gaiety and frivolity. She is not less requested to return to her disconsolate parents ; but if she happy, but her happiness is of a serious character; she bewill not return, she is earnestly desired to send the key of comes a mother, is employed in her household, becomes the lea chest."

quite the centre of domestic affections, and enjoys the esHERTFORDSHIRE BOors.—The Hertfordshire peasants teem of all who know and surround her. Society everyare notorious for their want of urbanity. Indeed, as regards where in the United States may be considered, therefore, all that relates to the bienseances de societé, they are as as divided into two very distinct classes : that of unmargreat brutes as any gentleman alive. A lady, while on a ried persons of both sexes, whose principal occupation is Visit to a friend residing in the country, had, during her courtship, and the finding a suitable companion with whom rides on horseback in the neighbourhood, become perfectly to make the voyage of life ; the other of people who have aware of the boorishness of the peasantry. One day, when already made that choice. You see in the corner of a drawriding mattended, she came to a by-gate of her host's park, ing-room, people of the latter class forming groups among which had notia longe. A chubby boy was swinging to and themselves, and talking politics or business : they will fro upon it. She ventured to beg that he would hold it hardly address a word to the young girls who flutter open while she passed. To her atter amazement he did so! around them unless it be to joke them upon the success of observing,

clear, my lad, from your civility, chatting together about their domestie matters, and receive that you are not a native of Hertfordshire." The reply was, ing interested attentions from the admirers of their daugh« Theo'rt a liar be!"-Monthly Magazine.

But for these, and the young men, a ball-room is a

manner

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ters,

expecting a few presents, received us very graciousls, an! of dust raised by all the subjects living in the vicinima his court, collectively-to his royal residence, a wretcher hovel, differing in 10 respect from the other huts in the village, where we were regaled with palm wrive rud table was placed under the still ruder verandah of bough

before his door, and three or four chairs, of a constructies

real field of battle. They boast among themselves of the

KINGS AND COURTIERS. number of declarations made, and refusals given, in the course of the evening : a thousand little coquetries are At length the King (who calls himself • Tom Sta. played off to draw a young man to declare himself, only to dey, or Scandey') came on board, in a canoe, which shear's have the pleasure of refusing him afterwards. All these no superiority over the others in point of size or ornament little tricks and skirmishes are perfectly innocent, for such His Majesty was a tall, thin personage, considerably og is the general purity of morals that no inconvenience is the wrong side of fitty. He was dressed in the cast of ever the result of them.-Letters of Achille Murat. garments of some merchant skipper, viz. an old blat

|-beaver, blue coat, duck trowsers, reaching scarcely to the Very young ladies cannot be said to have any conversa

middle of his leg, cotton stockings, that might once baza tion. Experience, kuowledge of society, acquirements gradually and imperceptibly accumulated, are requisite before skin, and full of holes, with shoes of a most ponderous a .

been white and sound, but were now rather dingy, like la a person can be properly said to converse.

Our heroine, at

struction. He was distinguished from the canaille in te seventeen, was a creature rather to look at than to listen to. The female character is, fronı its attributes, facture, and was accompanied by only one attendant

, the

other canoes by a coarse cotton umbrella, of English man, peculiarly under the control of circumstances

, and the in- seemed to stick always close to the old gentleman, a. fluence of other and stronger natures. There cannot be a more momentous condition than that of a young woman

gave himselfout to be « Cocoa Jack,' the King's Physician under twenty. A fool may win her admiration, and her influence, while he basked in the smiles of royalty, 2

(The Sir William Knighton of Anobona?] This man character becomes, for a time at least, frivolous. Many a noble spirit in woman has been checked by an ill-placed fawning, courtly sycophant. While he enjoyed his sture

forded, even in savage life, an admirable specimen of of first affection; but if she be fortunate enough to place an early dependence upon a worthy object, the tenor of her life feelings of his humbler brethren in the canoes, to ws:

of the good things, he seemed to have little regard fut !. is determined. It is observable, that in youth women can

he evinced a rooted antipathy, urging the wcak old gents. not understand friendship towards mon. Girls never stop man to thrust them out of his way, and to offer thick at that point. There is always a tinge of love in their other indignities in his passage alongside. The canoesentiments towards intimate associates in the other sex. Hence the dangerous ascendency acquired by their male scarcely listened to, although the frown of ineffable in

seemed to burn with indignation ; but their murmurs urr instructors, and by other less attractive and less merito tempt met the pampered favourite on every side. His N. rious individuals, over women who have been delicately jesty was ushered into the Commodore's cabin, where, ate nurtured.-Constance.

speedily discussing, with the assistance of his henchou. TO ROSALIE.

two or three bottles of wine, he was presented with a shirt BY THE AUTHOR OF THE VILLAGE POORHOUSE." dressing-gown, and a green night-cap, all of which he ds. There is a quiet cot, its walls are white

ned instantly, stripping to the buff, for that purpose, in i... And covered o'er with foliage green and deep,

presence of every one, without the slightest ceremow And round the casement clustering wall-flowers creep,

We afterwards introduced bim to the gun-room, but ka And, in link'd arches, o'er the porch unite.

good reason to repent of our complaisance. As long Retired and calm that humble hut is placed

there was any thing to drink, he did not evince the slighi In a warm valley,--and the snioke upcurls,

inclination to budge one inch, and we were at lengih etti

. From the near village in fantastic whirls!

ged, very unceremoniously, to hand him over the Above the sheltering trees. Embowered and graced pretty nearly as drunk as a lord, to use a commonerse By their rich covering, stands that modest dome;

pression. The light gate closed before it, and all round

Some hours after King Tom left the ship, a few of u The gravelld path, pinks, daisies, deck the ground ; went on shore, and looked round the village. As they That simple cot is mine,-my bosom's home,

was a heavy surf on the sandy beach, we landed on se My heart's own resting-place, for ever fair,

rocks to the right of the town, which form a sort of nat For thou, my Rosalie, art smiling there!

ral pier, and got on terrn firma without the slightest dis. I look into the past! and see thee there,

culty. By his umbrella, [the oriflamme of King Tes Laughing, yet chastened in thy young heart's glee :

which he always had expanded for distinction's sal' And o'er that brow, unshadowed yet by care,

whether the sun was bright or clouded, whether it *** The rich brown tresses, clustering wild and free;

noon or night, we observed his Majesty in the midst of a

dense multitude of his black and ragged subjects, apprune Thy bosom heaving with delicious sighs That speak of aught but sorrow, and thy cheek,

ing to meet us. Before we had gone far, we were surrouftFlushing with unknown fancies--and thine eyes

ed by at least fifteen hundred persons, men, women, 29. Speaking more tenderly than words can speak

children, dressed every one according to his own fashte i Thou lov'st me!

in the cast off clothes of their civilized visitors. The pary And within those eyes I gaze,

sort, however, and the women, had only the usual rag raus Bright with the pure soul's brightness; and thy smile

the middle, and the children were perfectly naked. Here

was one fellow with a tattered dress coat, and no ob Reproves in vain--and only tempts-the praise

habiliment but the above-mentioned rag, or doly—thrin Of lips, by smiling made more sweet the while !

another whose sole garment consisted of a cloak of shte And there thou standest with that glistening eye, Blushing in youth's first love, my Rosalie !

and patches, which, from its • cut,' must have once ex I see thee, Rosalie!-thy charms the same,

better company-and yonder a party of bloods, ' I supple, Bat mellow'd and more lovely ;-on thy knee

by their dress being different from that of the more sulet A fair-haired infint laughs with childish glee,

part of the community, consisting of inexpressibles on Or clings around thy neck to lisp thy name!

but arranged in the most novel and fanciful manner, t. Still art thou beautiful; and as thy head

legs being tied round the loins, and the waist an! birse Is bent to kiss its cheek, thy tresses brown,

parts of the garment hanging down before. His Majesty Floating in wavy ringlets loosely down,

conducted us—surrounded, and half choked in the clouO'er the fair features of the child are spread, Which sleeps within their shadow.

At thy feet
Stands the light cradle, and I see thee place
Thy slumbering babe within it, and thy face
Grows bright as listening to its breathings sweet,
Thou gazest on its rest so soft and mild,
And callest on thy God to guard thy child !

Leonard's Voyage.

fuite unique, were placed round this for our party. A dirty This the lecturer described as the second improvement, Cloth was then laid, which had once apparently been fla in point of importance, which Mr. Hall has effected in the sheet, appertaining, perhaps, to the bed linen of some steam engine. By the uniform and continued injection, he drunken skipper, and on this were placed two or three jugs observed, of an ample stream of oil, or other lubricating and a tombler, which one might conclude, from their appear- matter, into the pipe which conveys the steam from the anee, had never been washed since they became the property boiler to the working cylinder, and the recovery of the lu. of these unisophisticated ascii. These were filled with the bricating matter after it has passed through the engine, to fermented juice of the palm, and we necessarily partook of repeat the operation, the quantity of oils hich would otherit, his Majesty setting us an excellent example, by quafling wise be expended in one day, will last for years. The a copious draught, and nodding us a welcome, with regal fourth improvement relates to the condensation and the condescension ; while his subjeets in myriads surrounded supplying of water to boiler's. By means of this the power the verandah, within three feet of us, shouldering each other required to pump the injecting water out of a vacuum is and almost suffocating us with heat, dust, and the peculiar saved, for the air-pump is of much less than the usual size; offensive bdour proceeding from their filthy carcases, and the introduction of air into the condenser (which is in comstunning us with the incessant, loud, and discordant bination with injection-water, and materially injures a vaclatter of their tongues. They seemed to pay very little cnum) is also avoided, as well as the pumping of it out of deference to the kingly authority.

the condenser along with the injection-water. The injury The only revenue which this chief, president, or king, done to the air-pump, &c., by water impregnated with saor whatever else he may be called, receives, arises from the line matters, and other extraneous substances, is prevented. presents made to him by those vessels which, like ourselves, The destruction of the boilers and the slow generation of happen to touch here for refreshments ; it being an inva- steam, consequent upon the deposition of such extraneous riable practice throughout the whole coast of Africa to give matters, is effectually avoided ; and it was stated that a new the chief personage a dash on arriving and taking leave; engine, with Mr. Hall's improvements, will remain perfect, and as this is the only means the king of this island has of and not require the expense of repairs for an exceedingly acquiring riches, it is wisely provided that no single indi- greater number of years than any engine upon the old prin. Fidual of the community shall grow too opulent, lest he ciples. The lecturer observed, that the means adopted for also grow supercilious, and despise his poorer countrymen ; supplying the necessary quantity of distilled water, to rebut that all may have an equal chance of profiting by place any waste that may take place, is the insertion withwhat fortune may throw in their way. The presents from in the boiler of a small vessel containing the water for disten vessels are therefore considered by the community to be tillation ; for although the temperature of boiling water only quite a large enough share of the loaves and fishes, for one is applied to it, the requisite quantity of distilled water, or individual, and on the departure of the tenth he is super even more, will be produced. The fifth improvement rebeded; consequently there is no zeal wanting on his part lates to the consumption of fuel ; and this, indeed, may be in soliciting gifts, and making the most of the present op- considered as the result of the preceding advantages. These portunity of adding to his revenue. The importunities of several points were illustrated by a small model engine, his Majesty King Tom were, in consequence, most trouble which worked with the most beautiful precision and accasome, and his impudence and assurance were occasionally racy.. Attached to this miniature engine was an ingenious most diverting.

model of a loom, also the invention of Mr. Hall, for the

manufacture of lace; the different threads of which were diIMPROVED STEAM ENGINE.

rected over burning gas in order to free them from the suA LECTURE was lately delivered at the Mechanics’ Insti- perfluous film. The theatre was excessively crowded, and tution by Mr. Hemming, for the purpose of explaining some the lecture, which was listened to with the utmost attention, most important improvements lately introduced into the con- greeted at its close with the loudest demonstrations of struction of the steáin engine by Mr. Hall. These improve-applause. ments may be reckoned five in number. The first relates

PEAS. to the piston, the preservation of the packing of which is effected for many years, and the consequent expense, labour,

The following communication on the relative qualities of and interruption of re-packing avoided. This advantage peas, may be useful at the present season ; it is taken from is obtained by causing the steam to operate as an adjusting the Gardener's Magazine for October last :-On Bishop's spring against the packing, and consequently to act as accu- Dwarf Pea, as compared with other early Peas.-By Mr. rately after being used for years as it does at the commencement. It is well known that hemp, cotton, or other vege- Anthony Adamson, in a Letter to Mr. John Gibson. table packing, in common pistons, becomes very imperfect, SiR-I return you, with this, one quart and three quarand allows the steam to escape long before re-packing beters of Bishop's early dwarf peas. They have been saved comes absolutely necessary. This first improvement, Mr. from the sowings of those I received from you upon experi; Flemming characterised as the most important of the whole, ment, and for which I feel much obliged. I think it due describing it as “self-compensating packing." The second to you, to send you the result of the experience which I improvement relates to the valve. The advantage gained in have had in comparing Bishop's pea with other varieties this respect was described to be, that the steam is effectnally mentioned below, all of which were sown on the same day, Pored by the facing of the working face of the sliding viz., the 5th April, 1831. Bishop's pea came into full pod frame with steel plates and hemp or cotton packing, and by on the 2d of July, i. e., in 88 days : the early frame in 140 the compensating nature of the seat-plate on which the slid days ; Knight's dwarf marrow in 146 days; and the Spaning fraine works. By this means, the durability of the ish dwarf in 150 days. Thus there was a space of 53 days valve is greatly increased, and its becoming imtrue by frico in favour of Bishop's pea over every other variety, even the tion and unequal expansion (allowing a couseqnent loss of early frame. The produce of Bishop's pea is fully double mteam) 1re prevented.

that of the frame, and quite equal in flavour when taken The third advantage secured by Mr. Hall's ingenuity re- carly ; the pods are short, but abundantly numerous ; and, lates to the lubrication of steam-engines. The friction of being dwarfs, their blossoms form a most elegant border. the piston, both in the working cylinder and air-pump, is The seed from them is most easily saved, even from sowings nearly annihilated, as well as that of the valves and piston- made on the 4th of June. They require only short sticks, rods; whereby a great saving of power is effected, and the about one foot from the ground; as an early variety, they cylinders and other parts of the engine are preserved. The are of first-rate excellence. This pea was raised originally escape of steam by the working piston and valves is effec- from an impregnated blossom of the Spanish dwarf. By tually prevented by the uniform and plentiful How of oil, a the way, the Spanish Dwarf is an excellent pea, but not stratum of which is formed and constantly floats on the up-early; and if compared with Knight's dwarf marrow, sinks per side of the piston, hermetically sealing any passage be- into insignificance. There was never such a pea for the tween it and the side of the cylinder.

marrow flavour known before, as Knight's marrow,

Its

faults are, its not being early, and the great difficulty of ANDREW WILSON.- The following is copied literally saving its seed in this climate ; besides, it cannot be pru- from the burial yard register of Pathhead: The corpse dently sown early, because of its tenderness of stalks. It of Andrew Wilson, baker, son to Andrew Wilson, baker, is, however, of inestimable value, and might do well if raised and inn-dweller in Dunnikeer, (Qui mortuet Galletosio in a moderate hot-bed, and transplanted as soon as the Edinburgum,) was interred the 5th April, 1736 years; lying frosts were over ; or if it were protected with straw ropes, in the grave of William Paterson and Euphan Beveridge ;or thick spray pea sticks. Knight's marrow pea is entitled the grave 2 feet and I wide, 7 feet long." This is the Asto stand highly prized, from its great delicacy and flavour, drew Wilson who was executed at Edinburgh at the tim and from the difficulty of saving its seed ; and, Bishop's of Porteous's mob, as described by Sir W. Scott in his taip pea has the same claim, as one of the most productive and of the Heart of Mid Lothian, and who, when he was cosearly varieties ; but I must observe that Bishop's pea, ducted to church the Sunday previous to his execution, of all others, is most benefited by a liberal manuring guarded by three soldiers, held them all three fast, one in of old hot-bed dung. But though Bishop's pea is so well each hand, the other by his teeth, till his fellow-prisonet, deserving of praise as an early pea, it has little merit as a designated in the novel by the name of Geordie Robertson. late pea, except as to the producing plenty of seed. Knight's made his escape. An old inhabitant of Pathhead was heard marrow deserves a high price, for flavour produce, and dif- to declare, that he saw Wilson's bones disinterred on octaficulty of saving the seed.

sion of the grave being re-opened, and could not bus remark

the firmness of their texture and uncommon size. PRACTICAL REMEDY FOR THE Dry Ror.-Every PhilosoPHY OF A FAN.—To explain the apparent cebody has heard of the havoc which has been effected in tradiction implied in the fact that the use of a fan produce some of our most valuable shipping, and of the destructive a sensation of coldness, even though the air which it process which has rendered the work of the architect vain tates is not in any degree altered in temperature, it is be. in some of our noblest edifices. To discover a remedy, or a cessary to cousider that the air which surrounds us is gett: preventive rather, of this insidious power—the dry rot-has rally at a lower temperature than that of the body. If the long been a problem. It is now, however, we think, we air be calm and still, the particles which are in immaliai may venture to be sanguine about it-found : corrosive contact with the skin acquire the temperature of the si sublimate is that remedy. The preservative powers of this itself, and having a sort of molecular attraction, they adlar substance have long been known to anatomists, curators of to the skin in the same manner as particles of air are four! museums, and others interested in an acquaintance with to adhere to the surface of glass in philosophical experiments antiseptics. It occurred to Sir H. Davy, some years ago, | Thus sticking to the skin, they form a sort of warm covs when applied for a recipe to check the approaches of the ing for it, and speedily acquire its temperature. The fie book-worm in the magnificent library at Althorp, to sug- however, by the agitation which it produces, continuit gest corrosive sublimate ; but he was induced to abandon expels the particles thus in contact with the skin, and bring the idea, from a supposition that a poisonous atmosphere new particles into that situation. Each particle of air, would attend on the volumes which should be charged with it strikes the skin, takes heat from it by. contact, and, beina this active mercurial. Dr. Faraday confesses that it was driven off, carries that heat with it, thus producing he himself who influenced Sir Humphrey in coming to such constant sensation of refreshing coolness. Now, from e. a conclusion ; but the result of his researches since that reasoning, it would follow, that if we were placed in a mis time, and particularly within the last two or three years, in which the atmosphere has a higher temperature than warrants him in stating now the contrary. Organic mat- degrees, the use of a fan would have exactly opposite effects; ters treated with corrosive sublimate form with it a chy- and, instead of cooling, would aggravate the effects of heat; mical compound, and contract none of its noxious quali- and such would, in fact, take place. A succession of the ties. It is on this principle that Dr. Faraday is enabled to particles would therefore be driven against the skin, si show, and indeed may be said to have sueceeded in proving, the particles which would be cooled by the skin itself woi that timber which has been steeped for a time in a satura- be constantly removed. Lardner on Heat-Cabinet (j ted solution of the sublimate, becomes indestructible, and clopedia. affords that which has been so long a desideratum in the building of our wooden walls. The lecturer detailed the various experiments which have been made on this subject

Air-Respiration....... at Woolwich, under the sanction of the Lords of the Admi.

Modern Gallantry, by ELIA...................... ralty; and in every instance wherein the results have been

German Manners. examined, (for some of them are yet undergoing the test of Riches of Parliamentary Candidates-Reasons of the contempt time,) it appears they have been eminently marked with suc shown for " Landless Men".

Pieces of the same wood, some saturated, and some The French Moll Flagons, or Vivandieres...... left untouched, have been exposed to the same influence,

A Smuggler's Tale.............

Hazlitt's Death-bed.... when the latter have turned out to be utterly devoured with

Slavery... the rot, the former remaining perfectly sound. The satu.

Book stalls-Love of Books....................... rated and the unprepared pieces have even been mortised

Ugliness........ into each other, when the dry rot has eaten the latter to the

The Highland Homes of Scotland...... boundary line, and stopped there. The same thing occur

George Milligan....... red with pieces of cotton canvass ; those washed in the so ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT-Study-Catholic Church Propertylution remaining uninfluenced by the rot, while those not The Doctrine of Lawful Resistance-Passive Resistance... so protected perish. A Mr. Kyan, we understand, is the THE STORY.TELLER-The Harehound and the Witch (coninventor of the remedy.-Medical Gazette.

tinued)....
COLUMN FOR THE LADIES--Courtship and Marriage in the

United States......
SCRAPS.

To Rosalie by the Author of the Village Poorhouse..

Kings and Courtiers......... THE COST OF BUILDING LONDON BRIDGE.—The par SCIENTIFIC NOTICES.-Improved Steam Engine Peas........ ticulars of the money raised and expended on account of this Practical Remedy for the Dry Rot..... great undertaking have been published, including the ap SCRAPS -The Cost of Building London Bridge-Andrew Wit. proaches to it on both sides of the water. The difference son-Philosophy of a Fan..... between the cost and the estimate is stated at L.40,000; the whole amount raised for that purpose was L.1,458,311, EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JouN JOHNSTONE, 19, SL amesi 8s. 11 d., and the cost of the bridge and approaches, law Square.-Published by JOHN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, ,

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by John MACLEOD, and ATKINZON & expenses, &c., L.1,426,145, 3s. 34. leaving a balance in

Booksellers, Glasgow ; and sold by all Booksellers and Venden hand of L-32,166, 5s. 8 d.

Cheap Periodicals

CONTENTS OF YO. XXXIV.

138

cess.

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