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in the solid mass of the earth by some commotion soon recovering, got safe to his friend's house, at sorue diswhich communicates itself with the same rapidity with which sound travels. The astonishing con- got upon the snow with his son, and two of his wife's bed.
Five days afterwards, Joseph, being perfectly recovered, siderations in this great and terrible phenomenon thers, to try if he could find the exact place where las are, the immense extent to which it is felt, the house stood; but, after many openings made in the show, ravages it produces, and the potency of the cause they could not discover it. The month of April proving to which it must be attributed. But sufficient at hot, and the snow beginning to soften, he again used his
utmost endeavours to recover his effects, and to bury, as he tention has not been paid to the case with which thought, the remains of his family. He made new open all the particles of a solid mass are agitated. The ings, and threw in earth to melt the snow, which on the shock produced by the head of a pin at the one 24th of April was greatly diminishedHe brake through end of a long beam, causes a vibration through all ice six English feet thick with iron bars thrust down a its fibres, and is distinctly transmitted to an at- long pole, and touched the ground, but, evening coming
ön, he desisted. tentive ear at the other end. The motion of a
His wife's brother, who lived at Demonte, dreamed that carriage on the pavement shakes vast edifices, and night that his sister was still alive, and begged him to help communicates itself through considerable masses, her; the man, affected by his dream, rose early in die as in the deep quarries under Paris. Is it, there morning and went to Bergemotetto, where Joseph was; fore, so astonishing, that a violent commotion in Upon opening the snow which covered the house, they in
and, after resting himself a little, went with him to work. the bowels of the earth should make it tremble in vain searched for the bodies in its ruins ; they then sought a radius of many hundreds of leagues? In con for the stable, which was about 240 English feet distant, formity with the law of the transmission of mo.
and to their astonishment, heard a cry of "help, my brotion in elastic hodies, the extreme stratum, finding opening through which the brother, who had the dream,
ther.” They laboured with all diligence till they made a large no other strata to which to transmit its motion, immediately went down, where the sister, with an agoniz makes an effort to detach itself from the agitated ing and feeble voice, told him, “I have always trusted in mass, in the same manner as in a row of billiard. God and you, that you would not forsake me. The other balls, the first of which is struck in the direction brother and the husband then went down and found, still of contact, the last alone detaches itself and re- and a daughter about thirteen years old. These they rais
alive, the wife, about forty-five, the sister, about thirty-five, ceives the motion.
ed on their shoulders, to men above, who pulled them up, as if from the grave, and carried them to a neighbouring
house; they were unable to walk, and so wasted that they INSCRIPTION ON A BOY'S TOMB-STONE, IN AN IRISH appeared like mere skeletons. They were immediately put
to bed, and gruel of rye-flour and a little butter was
given to recover them. Some days afterwards the interA littte spirit slumbers here,
dant went to see them, and found the wife still unable to Who to one heart was very dear;
rise from her bed, or use her feet, from the intense cold she Oh! he was more than life or light,
had been in. The sister, whose legs had been bathed with
hot wine, could walk with some difficulty. The daughter Its thought by day, its dream by night!
needed no farther remedies.
with a boy of six years old, and a girl about thirteens In Not I have had to mourn for thee :
the same stable were six goats, one of which, having broughie.'
forth two dead kids the night before, they went to carpf! Yet not long shall this sorrowing be
her a small vessel of rye-flour gruel.
There were also an Those roses I have planted round,
ass and five or six fowls; they were sheltering themselves To deck thy dear and sacred ground,
in a warm corner of the stable till the church bells shayld When sprivg gales next those roses wave,
ring, intending to attend the service, but the wife going out
of the stable to kindle a fire in the house for her husband, They'll blush upon thy mother's grave!
who was cleaning the snow away from the top of it, she perceived an avalanche breaking down anyards the pasty
upon which she ran back into the stable shut the door, REMARKABLE STORY OF AN AVALANCHE, told her sister of it, and, in less than three minutes the wafsi
descended, and they heard the roof break qver their heads, lo On the 19th of March, 1755, a small cluster of houses at manger. The manger was under the main prop of the
and also part of the ceiling. They got into the track and a place called Borgernotetto, near Demonte, in the upper stable, and resisted the weight of the snow above. Their valley of Stura, was entirely overwhelmed by two vast first care was to know what they had to eat: the sister sail bodies of snow that tumbled down from a neighbouring she had fifteen chestnuts in her pocket: the children siid23 mountain ; all tise inhabitants were then within doors
, they had break fasted, and should want no more that das H. except one Joseph Rochia, and his son, a lad of fifteen, wiio They remembered that there were thirty or forty cakes in were on the roof of their house, clearing away the snow a place near the stable, and endeavoured to get all them, but..
? which had fallen during three days, incessantly. A priest were not able to penetrate the snow. They called often going by to mass, having just before observed' a body of for help, but received no answer. snow tumbling from the mountain towards them, had ad- chestnuts to the wife, and ate two herself, anul they drank.) vised them to come down. The man descended with great some snow-water. precipitation, and fled with his son ; but scarcely had he bleating for some days, after which they heard, no moro of " *
The ass was restless, and the goat kept gone forty steps, before his son, who followed him, fell them. Two of the goats being left alive, and near the war. down ; on which, looking back, he saw his own and his ger, they expected to have young about the middle of April neighbours' houses, in which were twenty-two persons in the other gave milk, and with this they preserecid their livesc all, covered with a high mountain of snow. He lifted up During all this time they saw not one ray of light
, vel his son, and reflecting that his wife, his sister, two children for about twenty days they liad some notice of night and and all his effects were thus buried, he fainted away; but, | day from the crowing of the fowls, till they dieila!
The sister gave to:
The second day, when very hungry, they ate all the When in their highest health and condition, and, indeed, Chestnuts, and drank' what milk the goat yielded, being during the whole of the time in which they are not em- very nearly tivo pounds a-day at first, but it soon decreased. ployed in the operation of spawning, these fish will scarcely The third day they attempted again, but in vain, to get at ever rise at a Ay, At these: periods, they appear to be almost the cakes. They resolved to take all possible care to feed entirely piscivorous; so, with the exception of night lines, the goats ;. but just above the manger' was a hay-loft, baited also with trout, trolling is the only advisable mode whence, through a hole, the sister pulled down hay into the of angling for them. The young, however, rise very freely ráck, and gave it to the goat, as long as she could reach it; at ordinary lake-trout 'flies, and are generally caught in and then, when it was beyond her reach, the goats climbed this way, from one to one and a half pound weight. They upon her shoulder, "and reached it themselves. On the sixth occur abundantly near the outlet of the lake. day the boy sickened, and six days after desired his mother, About the middle of August, and during the three follow. who all this time had held him in her lap, to lay him at ing months, the parent fish retire, for the purpose of spawnbis length in the manger ; she did so, and, taking him by ing, to the deep banks of the lake in the neighbourhood of the hand, felt it was cold; she then put her hand to his the gorge, and into the gorge of the lake itself, where it month, and, finding that cold likewise, she gave him a little empties its immense waters, forming the river Awe. They milk; the boy then cried 6 O, my father is in the snow ! are said to wmain engaged in this operation for two or O father, father!"--and then expired.
three inonths; and at this time their instinctive tendencies In the meanwhile the goat's milk diminished daily, and are so far changed, that they will rise eagerly at large and the fowls dying soon after, they could no longer distin- gaudily dressed salmon-flies, and may be either angled for guish night from day. Upon the approach of the time when from the banks, or trolled with a cross line, where the outthey expected the other goat to kid, they killed her, to let of the lake is narrow. They do not appear either to save the milk for their own subsistence. This necessity ascend the rivers which enter the loch, or to descend the was painful in the extreme, for whenever they called this Awe to any extent, though an occasional straggler has been goat it would come and lick their face and hands. It had taken some way down the river. Their spawning places given them every day two pounds of milk, and they bore are exclusively on the banks, or at the gorge of the loch, the poor creatare great affection.
and they never attempt to seek the salt water. When in They said, that, during the entire time of their confine- good season, and in their strongest condition, they appear ment, hunger gave them but little uneasiness, except for the to roam indiscriminately through every part of the loch, first five or six days. Their greatest pain was from the though there are certain spots which may be more depended extreme coldness of the melted snow-water which fell on upon than others, and where an experienced angler will them, and from the effluvia of the dead ass, goats, fowls, &c. have little difficulty in hooking one of these fine fish. They likewise suffered great bodily inconvenience from the To their great strength we may observe that they add un. Fery uneasy posture they were confined to : for the manger equalled rapacity; and after attaining to the weight of three in wbich they sat, crouching against the wall, was no more or four pounds, they appear to feed almost exclusively on than three feet four inches broad. The mother said she smaller fish, and do not spare even their own young. A had never slept, but the sister and daughter said they had small trout of this species, not weighing more than 1} pound, slept as usual. They were buried in the snow for five will often dash at a bait not much inferior to itself in size ; weeks. The particulars related were obtained and attested and instances are recorded of larger fish following with on the 16th of May, 1755, by the intendant authorised to eager eye, and attempting to seize upon others of their ow take the examination.
kind after they had been hooked and were in the act of
being landed by the angler. '. It is probable, on account of TROUT OF LOCH AWE.
this strong manifestation of a more than usnally predaceous 4.08.2" BY JAMES WILSON, ESQ.
habit, that Sir William Jardine has named the species
Salmo ferox. VERY large trout have been killed in Ullswater, in Cum. When in perfect season, and full-grown, it is a very hand berland, and still larger in Loch Awe in Argyllshire. The
some fish, though the head is always too large and long to late Mr. Morrison of Glasgow claimed the merit of disco be in accordance with our ideas of perfect symmetry in a vering these fish in the last-named locality, about 40 years
trout. The body is deep and thickly formed, and all the ago ; and the largest recorded to have been killed there members seem conducive to the exercise of great strength. weighed 25 pounds. Mr. Lascelles, a Liverpool gentleman, The colours are deep purplish brown on the upper part, has also of late years been equally assiduous and successful changing into reddish gray, and thence into fine orange in their capture; and it appears that any persevering sports- yellow on the breast and belly. The whole body, when the mat is almost certain, with the proper tackle, to obtain fish is newly caught, appears as if glazed over with a thin specimens'in Iloch Awe of this great fish, weighing from 10 tint of rich lake-colour, which fades away as the fish dies, to 20 pounds The Vargest we have lately heard of weighed and so rapidly, that the progressive changes of colour are 191 poundsats 4101898aid to be by far the most powerful easily perceived by an attentive eye. The gill-covers are of our freshktvater Ashed, exceeding the salmon in actual marked with large dark spots; and the whole body is covered strength, though'Hot'm activity. The most general size with markings of different sizes, and yarying in amount in caught by trolling, ranges from three to fifteen pounds ; different individuals. In some, these markings are few, beyond that weight they are of uncommon occurrence scattered, and of a large size; in others, they are thickly set, If booked upon tackle of moderate strength, they afford and of smaller dimensions. Each spot is surrounded by a excellent sport, but the general method of fishing for them paler ring, which sometimes assumes a reddish hue; and is almost as well adapted for catching sharks as trout, the the spots become more distant from each other as they desangler being apparently more anxious to have it in his
cend beneath the lateral line. The lower parts of these fish power to state that he had caught a fish of such a size, than are spotless All the fins are broad, muscular, and ex-' to enjoy the pleasure of the sport itself. However, to the tremely powerful ; and it is from the number of their bony credit of both parties, it may be stated, that the very strong-rays that the specific characters which distinguish this est tackle is sometimes snapped in two by its first tremen- species from the common trout (Salmo furio) are the most doas springe" The ordinary method of fishing for this king. easily and accurately evolved. of trouts is with a powerful rod, from a boat rowing at the rate of from three to four miles 'an hour; the lure, a common
THE TAILOR AND THE MIDDIES. trout, from three to ten inches in length, baited upon six SOME people imagine that their sons, if unfit for other or eight salmon hooks, tied back to back upon strong gimp, professions, will do well enough for the sea. As a tvarning assisted by two swivels, and the wheel-line strong whip to them not to assign such a reason before the young gencord. Yet all this, in the first impetuous efforts of the fish tlemen in the cockpit, we shall quote the following anecto regain its liberty, is frequently carried away for ever into dote :-" This reminds me of a tvilor at Halifax, who, on the crystal depths of Loch Awe!
being sadly provoked by some of rescampish band amongst
us, for not paying his abominably long bills, said, in a rage, the historians of the day-the strange demeanour of a inan in in the cockpit before us all, that, after having tried his son a yellow domino, early in the evening, excited attention. This in half a dozen professions, without any chance of success, mask, who showed nothing remarkable as to figure,-thongle lie was now resolved, as a last resource, to make a miul all rather, and of robust proportion, seemed to be gifted with shipman of him! This sarcasm was uttered during the stort peace of Amiens, when we first visited Halifax : a pe- fancies even of romance.
an appetite, not merely past human conception, but passing the riod when the mids had so little real business to attend to, that they seized eagerly upon any opening for a joke. As
The dragon of old, who churches ate, soon, therefore, as the tailor had quitted the ship, it was
(He used to come on a Sunday,) resolved to punish him for his uncourteous speech. It had
Whole congregations were to bim, not escaped the notice of his tormentors, that this vul
But a dish of Salmagundi, gar fraction of his species prided himself, in a most especial he was a nibler -a mere fool--to this stranger of the yellow degree, on the dignity of a very enormous tail or queue, domino. He passed from chamber to chamber from table to which reached half way down his back; and it was resolv
table of refreshments - not tasting but devouringdevastaring ed, in secret council, that this appendage should forth with be docked. Nothing, I must fairly own, could be inore
all before him. At one board, he despatched a fowl, two-thirds treacherous than the means devised to lower the honour and
of a ham, and half a dozen bottles of champagne ; the very glory of the poor tailor. He was formally invited to din
next moment he was found seated in another apartment, perher with us; and, being well plied with grog, mixed accor- forming the same feat, with a stomach better than at first. ding to the formidable rule for making what is called a This strange course went on un il the company, who at first Northwester, which prescribes that one half of each glass had been amused by it, became alarmed and tumultuous. shall consist of rum, and the other half of rum and water, "Is it the same mask-or are there several diessed a'ike?.* our poor guest was soon brought under the table. Being demanded an officer of the guards, as the yellow docuino rose then quite incapable of moving, he was lifie:l in noisy tri- from a seat opposite to him and quitted the apartment. umph out of the berth, and placed in the tier, across the “ I have seen bat one--and, by Heaven! he is here again," bends of the small bower cable, where, after many a grunt exclaimed the party to whom the query is addressed. and groan at the rugged nature of his couch, he at length ell asleep. His beautiful tail, the pride of his life! was
Tle yellow domino spoke not a word, but proceeded straight presently glued, by means of a lump of pitch, to the strands to the vacant seat which he had just left, and again commenced of the cable; and such was the tenaciiy of the stilistallice supig, as though he bad fasted for the half of a campaign. that in the morning, when, on the daylight gun being fired At length the confusion which this proceeding created, immediately over his head, poor snip awoke, he could no became universal; and the cause reached the ears of the Dau. more detach himself from the spot on which he lay than plin. Lemuel Gulliver in like circumstances. Hlis nodille was still so confused, that he knew not where he lay, nor what nobleman—“ saving your Highness's presence –
“Ile is a very fiend, your Highness !” exclaimed an old held him down. After tugging at his hair for a minute
-or wants but a or two, le roared out luetily for help. One of the mids, tail to be so!" seized with the brilliant idea of making the tailor the fi.
“ Say rather he should be a famished poet, by his appearance." nisher of his own fate, hurried to his assistance, and, hand- replied the Prince, laughing. “But there must be some jag. ing him a knife, roared out, “ by all means to make haste, glirg; he spills all his wii.e, and hides the provisions under as the devil had got hold of him by the tail!” The poor his rube.” tradesman, terrified out of his wite, and in great horror at his mysterious situation, instantly did as he was desired, the room in which th:v were talking, and, as usual, proceeded
Even while they were speaking, the yellow domino entered and cut away lustily, little dreaming that his own rash
to the table of refreshments: hand was shearing the highest and most cherished ho. nours of his house! On turning round, he beheld with dis
" See here, my Lord,' cried one _* 1 have seen him do this may the ravished locks which, for half a century and more,
twice!" had been the joint delight of himself and his tender part
"I thrice!"_“I five times !"_"and I fifteen !" ner Rebecca. As the thought of returning tail-less to his
This was too much. The master of the ceremonies was home crossed his half-bewildered brain, he exclaimed, in questioned. He knew notlıing-and the yellow do nino was iran agony of spirit, to his malicious tormentors, “ Oh, terrupted as he was carrying a bumper of claret to his lips. Lord! oh Lord ! I am a lost man to my Becky!” The
"The Prince's desire is that Monsieur who wears the yellow revenge of the malicions middies was now complete; and donino should unmask.” The stranger hesitated. this expression of being a “ lost man to one's Becky" be “ The cominand with which his Highness honours Monsieur came a by-word in the ship for many years afterwards, to is perfectly absolute." denote the predicament of any one who got into a scrape, Against that which is absolute there is no spntending. The and came out of it with loss.--Ilall's Fragments.
yellow man ihre: off his mask and domings and proved to be a private trooper of the Irish dragoons!. 4411
“ And in the naine of gluttony, my good friend, (not to ask THE YELLOW DOMINO.
how you gained admission,) how have you contrived," said she
Prince, " to sup to-night so many times ?' In the latter part of the reign of Louis XV. of France the “ Sire I was beginning but to sup, with reverence be it snål, masquerade was an entertainment high in estimation, and was when your Royal message interrupted me." often given at an immense cost on court days and such occasions Begioning?" exclaimed the Dauphin, in amazement, then of rejoicing. As persons of all ranks might gain admission to what is it I have heard and seen? - Where are the herds of these spectacles, provided they could afford the purchase of the oxen that have disappeared, and the hampers of burgundy ? T ticket, very strange rencontres frequently took place at them, insist upon knowing how this is !” and exhibitions almost as curious in the way of disguise or as “It is, Sire," returned the soldier, may it please your Grace, sumption of character. But perhaps the most whimsical among that the troop to which I belong is to-day on guard. We have the genuine surprises recorded at any of these spectacles, was purchased one ticket among us, and provided this yellow do that which occurred in Paris the 15th of October, on the day mino, which fits us all. By which means the whole of the when the Dauphin (son of Lonis XV.) attained the age
front rank, being myself the last man, have supped, if the truth
must be told, at discretion! and the leader of the second rank, At this fete, which was of a peculiar glittering character saving your highness's commands, is now waiting outside the so much
that the details of it are given at great length hy door to take his turn."
TRIMMINGS AND TRAPPINGS OF A MODERN
ON TRUE HAPPINESS.
The desire of happiness in general is 80 natural to us, have been, with the items of the inventory of goods lately that all the world are in pursuit of it; all have this one given in by the Archbishop of Paris, in his claims of dam- end in view, though they take such different methods to atage suffered during the THREE DAYS. It is but a selection tain it, and are so much divided in their notions of it. we give from a pretty long list.
Evil, as evil, can never be chosen ; and though evil is Monseigneur, then, claims, in the first place, 2,000 often the ect of our own choice, yet we never desire it, francs. For what ?_Guess. For valuable manuscript but under the appearance of an imaginary good, works of the eleventh century ?- No, indeed. For a copy, Many things we indulge onrselves in may be considered in vellum, of the Decrees of the Council of Trent ?- No, not by us as evils, and yet be desirable; but then they are only for that. For a copy of the Holy League, signed by the considered as evils in their effects and consequences, not as hand of Cardinal Lorraine himself ?-No. For the rosary evils at présent, and attended with immediate misery. of St Dominque, or a brieviary of Father Letellier ?_No.
Reason represents things to ns, not only as they are at For original letters of the wise and excellent Feuelon ?- present, but as they are in their whole nature and tendency; Ah! that must be it. No; it is not that either. Guess again ; passion only regards them in their former light; when this guess a hundred times ; a thousand times. Monseigneur claims-Monseigneur claims two thousand francs forsweet- affected with the present.
governs us, we are regardless of the future, and are only meats and preserves ! What! two thousand ? Why he must have supplied the whole church with sweetmeata.
It is impossible ever to enjoy ourselves rightly, if our
conduct be not such as to preserve the harmony and order How the pastrycooks and preservers must have worked to enable the suffering Church to claim such damages for the
of our faculties, and the original frame and constitution of mischief done to its dainties ! It is true this includes sugar
our minds ; all true happiness, as all that is truly beautiand coffee ; but when we look further into the inventory
ful can only result from order. we find that every thing has its turn. Sometimes one
While there is a conflict betwixt the two principles of would think it was an account of the posthumous effects of passion and reason, we must be miserable in proportion to thecelebrated Brillat-Savarin; for, in coming to the contents
the struggle ; and when the victory is gainel, and reason so of the cellar, we see three hundred bottles of Cyprus wine of far subdued as seldom to trouble us with its remonstrances, the finest quality, 1,000 francs. At other times we might the happiness we have then not the happiness of our rafancy ourselves in the richest magazines of the most ap tional nature, but the happiness only of the inferior and proved seamstress or linen-draper, when we observe the pro
sensual part of us, and consequently a very low and imperfect fusion of the ribards and blonds which ornamented the happiness, to what the other would have afforded us. vestments of this minister of the Church. We have three If we reflect upon any one passion and disposition of aubes (a priest's garment) made of lawn down to the thighs, mind, abstract from virtue, we shall soon see the disconand the rest of the finest English lace, ( dentelle d'Angle- nexion between that and true solid happiness. It is of the terre,) valued at 4,500 francs; and again, three rochets, very essence, for instance, of envy to be uneasy and dis. ornamented in the same manner, 3,000 francs; and another quieted. Pride meets with provocations and disturbances with ribands, 3,000 francs. We will say nothing more of upon almost every occasion. Covelousness is ever attend. the lemon and apricot preserves--but the tulle, the lawn, ed with solicitude and anxiety. Ainbition has its disapthe lace! We stop short for fear of committing an indis- pointments to sour us, but never the good fortune to satisfy cretion ; we fear to embroil Monseigneur with the fair sex, us; its appetite grows the keener by indulgence, and all we if we show what a monopolist of lace, &c., he has been. can gratify it with at present serves but the more to inflame What scarfs, what veils, what volans, what trimmings, its insatiable desires. what head-dresses might have been made out of three
The passions, by being too much conversant with earthly anbes and five rochets! We select a few more items out of objects, can never fix in us a proper composure and acquia thousand of like character :
escence of mind. Nothing but an indifference to the things “A cup and a vessel for holy water, in silver gilt, 600
of this world, an entire submission to the will of Provifrancs.
dence here, and a well-grounded expectation of happiness “ A very fine and large mahogany billiard-table, and ap- hereafter, can give us a true satisfactory enjoyment of ourpurtenances, the cloth quite new, 1,200 francs.
selves. Virtue is the best guard against the many unA quantity of fine old Bordeaux wine, which orginally avoidable evils incident to us; nothing better alleviates the cost 1,200 francs, without including the carriage to Paris, weight of the afflictions, or gives a truer relish of the blessor the bottling, 1,200 francs.
ings of human life. “A diamond star, as large as the palm of the hand, 7,200
What is without us has not the least connexion with hapfrancs.
piness, only so far as the preservation of our lives and “A dress of figured violet silk, 80 francs.
health depends upon it. Health of body, thongh so far “ A black casimir pair of pantaloons, 40 francs.
necessary that we cannot be perfectly happy without it, is " A flannel night-gown, 30 francs.
not sufficient to make us hippy of itself. Happiness springs “Six pair of new shoes, 48 francs. " Portrait of my father, dressed as a Chief of Division, immediately from the mind; health is but to be considered
as a candidate or circumstance, without which this happisize of life, the frame handsomely carved and gilt, 200 francs.
ness cannot be tasted pure and unabated. "A very rich cope of cloth of gold, embroidered in gold, and a raised pattern, with stole, manipule, tassels, &c., in
Virtue is the best preservative of health, as it prescribes good condition, only used during high mass, 4,500 francs.
temperance, and such a regulation of our passions as is
most conducive to the well-being of the animal economy, so " A bonbonniere of large size, madle of coral, worked in the Chinese style, representing birds, and bound with golil.
that it is, at tne same time, the only true happiness of the A present from the Emperor Napoleon to M. the Due de mind, and the best means of preserving the health of the V
body. The Duchess gave it to me after the death of her husband. (Not valued.)”
If our desires are to the things of this world, they are Well, Gentlemen, have we not quoted enough? If not,
never to be satisfied; if our great view is upon the next, to satisfy you, we will take two more specimens :
the expectation of them is an infinitely higher satisfaction Full-length portraits of Louis XVIII. and Charles X., than the enjoyment of those of the present. 4,000.
There is no happiness, then, but in a virtuous and sell. "A portrait of the present Archbishop, 4,500 francs.” approving conduct; unless our actions will bear the test of Monseigneur thus rates himself at a higher price than two our sober jnugments, and reflections upon them, they are Kings put together, and yet those two Kings cost France not the actions, and consequently not the happiness, of a tolerably dear,
rational being. - The Beauties of Franklin.
PROGRESS OF KNOWLEDGE IN INDIA.18, yourself, and, what is still worse,
e, deceives them what you No. 5. of “ Periodical Accounts of the Serampore Mis
IV. Preserve your fidelity; for a faithful servant is a
too progress of knowledge in India. It may be proper to meni.
V. Adhere to truth; for falsehood is detestable, and he tion, that Serampore is a missionary station, about 15 miles that tells one lie, must tell twenty more to conceal it. North of Calcutta, originally established by the Danes, about 1800. The first newspaper in the vernacular lan- unworthy of trust.
VI. Be strictly honest ; for it is shameful to be thought guage of Bengal, the Durpun, was commenced here in 1818,
VII. Be modest in your behaviour ; it becomes your sta and was patronized by the Marquis of Hastings, then Go- tion, and is pleasing to your superiors vernor-General. It is a weekly paper, originally in four,
VIII. Avoid pert answers; for civil language is cheap, but now in eight pages ; and recently, the editor has begun and impertinence provoking. to print it in parallel columns of Bengalee and English, so
IX. Be clean in your business ; for those who are slovens that it serves as teacher to the natives who wish to learn and sluts, are disrespectful servants. the latter language. It travels as far as Delhi, 960 miles
X. Never tell the affairs of the family you belong to; westward, passing everywhere under a small charge for for that is a sort of treachery, and often makes mispostage, which in general is about three halfpence, and for chief; but keep their secrets, and have none of your own. the greatest distance, only three-pence. The example set
XI. Live friendly with your fellow-servants; for the at Serampore was soon followed at Calcutta, where there contrary destroys the peace of the house. are now eight newspapers in the eastern languages, name
XI. Above all things avoid drukenness; for that is an ly six in Bengalee, and two in Persian. One of these papers inlet to vice, the ruin of your character, and the destruction is published twice a-week; the other seven, weekly; and
of your constitution. the price of the latter is one rupee per month, or two shil
XIII. Prefer a peaceful life, with moderate gains, to lings. They contain intelligence respecting the proceedings great advantage and irregularity. of the Governor-General, the Supreme Courts, the Police,
XIV. Save your money; for that will be a friend to the Civil and Criminal Courts, and news from Britain, you in old age. Be not expensive in dress, nor marry too France, and other distant countries, as well as India. In 1825, the subscribers to the six papers were calculatel at
XV. Be careful of your master's property; for wasteful. from 800 to 1000, (Query—to all the papers, or to each ?) ness is a sin. and five readers to each paper. Since then they have great XV). Never swear; for that is a crime without excuse ly increased; and from the best information, says the Dur
as there is no pleasure in it. pun, in Jan. 1830, “ we are led to believe that the number
XVII. Be always ready to assist a fellow-aervant; for of subscribers to sative newspapers has been doubled within the last twelve months." These papers contain intelli- good nature gains the love of every one.
XVIII. Never stay when sent on a message; for waiting genee from Europe and other parts of the world, of which
long is painful to your master, and a quick return shows a few years ago, the Hindoos did not even know the name.
diligence. The first work printed in Bengalee for the natives, appear
XIX. Rise early; for it it difficult to recover lost time ed only sixteen years ago. Since that time, thirty-six other XX. The servant that often changes his place, works works, great and small, have been published, chicily, how- only to be poor; for “ the rolling-stone gathers no moss." ever, upon the Hindoo religion ; but as knowledge spreads,
XXI. Be not fond of increasing your acquaintances ; the demand for science and literature will arise. Among for visiting leads you out of your business, robs your masfourteen publications in English, printed by natives, in
ter of your time, and often puts you to an expense you can English, in 1829, it is curious to find,“ Remarks on the
not afford. And above all things, take care with whom Influx of Irish Poor, during the season of Harvest ;" “ the Early'Life of Lord Liverpool ;” “ A Self-Guide to the Eng. the worse for the company they keep.
you are acquainteil ; for persons are generally the better or lish Language, in Bengalee and English," &c. But native
XXII. When out of place, be careful where yon lodge; efforts now begin to take a higher range. The Darpun for living in a disreputable house, puts you' upon a fost states, that an edition of the Shah Namah, or great Histo- ing with those that keep it, however inuocent you are yout. rical Poem of the Persians, in the original language, was self. completed by Captain Mahon, in 1829; and printed at the
XXIII. Never go out on your own business, without the expense of the King of Oude. This poem consists of 110,408 knowledge of the family, lest in your absence you should lines, and is therefore about seven times as long as the be wanted; for ( Leave is light," and returning punctually Iliad. It contains all that remains in the East of the his
at the time you promise, shows obedience, and is a proof of tory and antiquities of Persia, from the earliest times to
sobriety. the Mahometan conquest; and served almost solely, we xxiv. If you are dissatisfied with your place, mentio believe, as the
basis of Sir John Malcolm's History of Per- your objections modestly to your master prepristress and sia. Mill's History of India, we observe, is printing at give a fair warning ; and do not neglect your business nor Serampore, in the Bengalee language. The study them
, in order to provoke them to turn you away; for lish by the natives has made prodigious progress this will be a blemish in your characters thich you must these ten years.
“ It would be easy to point out between always have from the last place you served into : **; one and two hundred native young gentlemen in Calcutta, to whom English is quite as familiar as their own tongue.”
All who pay a due regard to the above precepts, will be happy in themselves, will never want friends, and spill
, always meet with the assistance, protection, and encour
ragement of the wealthy, the worthy, and the wise. RULES FOR SERVANTS. 1. A good character is valuable to every one, but espe. cially to servants; for it is their bread, and without it they The population of the United States, according to the cannot be admitted into any creditable family; and happy last census is over twelve millions; and the increase in it is that the best of characters is in every one's power to 1831, including the negroes and the emigrants
, exceeded deserve.
500,000 souls; so that at the same rate the country might II. Engnge yourself cautionsly, but stay long in your have, in twenty-five years, a population of twenty-ive place, for long service shows worth—as quitting a good millions. The emigration this year to the ports of the place through passion, is a folly which is always lamented Atlantic has not been so great as the last ; but thousands of of too late.
emigrants have spread from Canada through the States of IJI. Never undertake any place you are not qualified New York and Ohio, and particularly through the territory for ; for pretending to what you do not understand, exposes of Michigan, which is to be incorporated a State next year