Again, as the art of dress is to enable the individual to As property is property, even in an egg, to distinguish each conceal the defects of nature, as well as to exhibit her urchin's share in the joint stock, boiling became a matter beauties to advantage, thin persons should take care, let of no slight diificulty; but Mary's genius was equal to the the fashion be what it may, to dress with a certain ful-task. By the application of her finger to the bottom of the ness of drapery; while, on the other hand, fat or round pot, and certain other ceremonies not so easily defined, she persons should on no account puff themselves out artificially, produceil a sort of hieroglyphic mark, which was as final unless they wish to appear ludicrous. Thus, the lady with as the court of last resort, although, it must be confessed, no hips may bustle ; but if she wlio has sufficient breadth nobody knew the key to the cypher but herself. Occdoes so, she will disfigure herself. Ia like manner, the sionally certain side-long looks revealed pretty plainly that lady with high, square shoulders should wear sleeves com the gazer would have preferred the biggest erg in the pot mencing a little below the shoulder; but the lady with a to his own; and it was always with reluctance that honest finely formed bust should dress au naturel.

Mary asserted the rights of equity, and insured subordinaLadies with thick legs or ancles (soit dit en passant) tion, by applying, or flourishing vigorously, the pluffa should not wear white stockings, but black or dark colours, sort of substitute for a pair of bellows. But her strokes fell which, by presenting a smaller mass of light, diminishes gentle, “ as from parents' hands;" nor did her acts of bethe size of objects.

nevolence end here. When rains flooded the plains, and Finally, all monstrosities should be avoided, nothing the burns ran wild on their way to the sea, or when frost squeezed or puffod out to extravagance should ever appear. and snow crisped every wood and fell, honest Mary was The unnaturally contracted waist, on which so many of always at her post, displaying her Meg Merrilees-like figure the fair sex unfortunately pride themselves, is not less of to advantage, in handing the scholars over an intervening fensive to good taste than injurious to health ; and the stream, often in threes and tours at a time. Indeed, there sufferer who makes such an exhibition has not even the are persons still living who have been honoured with a seat satisfaction of having the sympathy or pity of the specta- on Mary's shoulders. Latterly, she was supported almost tors to console her for her self-inflicted sufferings.

entirely by what she called “ her boys,” who are now scatWe should be sorry to see any approach to a quakerishtered over various parts of the globe, and all of whom will livery, but in the present age or enormity in bustles, and heave a sigh, or drop a tear, when they learn that their licentiousness in sleeves, something must be done to check early protectress is no more. One of her proteges requested the tide of depravity (in taste) which is setting in with so Mr. Allan to put forth all his strength in painting Vary's strong a current. The subject is one of far too great inn- picture, no matter at what cost; and the artist produced a portance to be left with any propriety, as it now is, to the correct likeness, which the owner, much to his credit, says silly caprice of milliners and ladies' maids. Ladies! the he would not barter for the portrait of Mary Queen of eyes of Europe are upon you. Vindicate the cause of skirts Scots. Another friend, in consideraiion of the miserable fashionel for defence or conquest in a manner worthy of hovel in which his early acquaintance wormed, pressed on yourselves. Forget not that

her acceptance the best of his numerous cottages in Dun. * True art is Nature to advantage dressed.'

cow; and the answer he received was quite characteristic

- Na, 11.1, Sir, my mither leeveil here, an' de'ed here. I FAREWELL.

mysei' hae leered here, an' I'll dee here ; and for as little
as ye may think o' the bit, I wadna chang'd for the bonniest

gilt room in a' Dalswinton."
When eyes are beaming
What never tongue may teil ;

When tears are streaming

From their crystal dell;
When hands are linked that dread to part-

Oh! bitter, bitter is the sipart

Of them that bid farewell.

Sun, Moon, and Stars, by day and night,
When hope is chidden

At God's commandment, give us light;
That fain of bliss would tell

And when we wake, and while we sleep,
And love forbidden

Watch over us, like angels, keep.
In the breast to dwell;
When fettered by a viewless chain,

The bright blue sky above our head,
We turn and gaze, and turn again

The soft green earth on which we tread,
Oh! death were mercy to the pain

The ocean rolling round the land,
Of them that bid farewell.

Were made by God's almighty hand.

Sweet flowers, that hill and dale adorn,

Fair fruit trees, fields of grass and corn,
The clouds that rise, the showers that fall,

The winds that blow,—God sends them all.

The beasts that graze, with downward eye,
DIED at Duncow, in the parish of Kirkmahoe, on the

The birds that perch, and sing, and fly, Ith ultimo, Mary Lindsay, at the advanced age of 85.

The fishes, swimming in the sea, This singular and useful woman, during the long period of

God's creatures are, as well as we. threescore years, evinced the most marked and disinterested affection for little children, and voluntarily took upon her

But us he formed for better things : self the duties of a protectress. These chosen buds of pro As servant of the King of kings ; mise, during their daily attendance at the village school, With listed hands, and open face, made greater progress than by the master's lessons, in And thankful hearts, to seck his grace. availing themselves of Mary's goodness of heart; and

Thus God loved man, and more than thus : hence her humble cot became the common depot of plaids,

He sent his Son to live with us ; coats, Josephs, anıl that most necessary and valuable appen

And invites ns, when we die, dage the scrip, stored, we shall say, with a couple of scones

To come and live with him on high. and a solitary egg—the sweet, though frugal elements of

But we must live to him below: their mid-day refreshment. In an olden pot, of curious dimensions, more than twenty eggs were boiled every day; For none but such to leaven will go;

Lord Jesus, hear our humble prayer, and not unfreqnently the benevolent woman banned the

And lead the little children there. parish hens for not laying them a “ wee thoucht bigger."



TRADE WITH THE COUNTRIES ON THE time, be obtained, though experience and competition NIGER.*

would doubtless open their eyes. The returns claim our We arrive now at the important question, what pros- At the head of the exports we place manufactured cottons,

next attention, and form rather a more difficult subject. pects this great interior communication opens to British and at the head of the imports we are disposed to place the

Its branches in Africa, since the abolition of that dark one, which Britain has so justly proscribed, have raw material

. This is produced abundantly; and, if we been limited ; and high authorities have even doubted if may trust the report of travellers, of excellent quality, over

the whole of tropical Africa. European commerce seems they could admit of any great extension. But it must be observed that the intercourse has hitherto been almost ex.

never to have reached the cotton-growing districts, which clusively with the coast; the territory along which is com

are all considerably in the interior. The demand in Briparatively unproductive, and its inhabitants idle and miser- eight million sterling. This demand, too, would be aug.

tain is immense, the annual imports being valued at nearly able. It has always been found, in proportion as travellers mented, if Africa, like India and the United States, after penetrated inland, that they came to a superior region and people ; that, contrary to what takes place in other conti- supplying the raw material, took back the manufactured nents, all the large cities, all the valuable and prosperous stuffs, and which Britain imports sometimes to the value of

produce. Indigo, moreover, the most valuable of dyeing branches of industry, were at a distance from the sea. has been imputed, and not without some reason, to the de- L.2,000,000, is produced in these countries plentifully

, moralizing influence of the European slave trade. But and, it is said, also of excellent quality. Hides and skins

, there is, besides, a physical cause which must have a power- ticles; for palm oil, at present the most extensive one, being

and some gold, would be the only important additional ar. ful influence. A much greater extent of the surface of produced in the countries near the coast, is probably fur. Africa, than of any other continent, is situated between the nished to the full extent of the demand. After considering tropics, and even immediately under the line. Sterility is what are likely to be the objects of the trade on the Niger

, there produced by the scorching rays of the sun, to which the mode of conducting it presents another question equally the coasts, from their low level, are pecularly liable, and by important and difficult. The obstacles are indeed such that

, which many tracts are rendered parched and arid. Others, by the same low situation, are exposed to the inundation of according to the ordinary resources of river navigation, they

appear altogether insuperable The pestilential atmosphere the great rivers, which, swelled by the violent tropical along the shores of this delta, and its lower estuaries the rains, spread often into wide pestilential swamps.

violent and turbulent character of the native tribes, who the interior territory becoming always more elevated, enjoys a more temperate climate, and is diversified by hills could scarcely be surmounted, unless by some peculiar

would doubtless regard the British as rivals and enemies and mountain ranges, the streams from which supply copi- agency. This, however, seems to be found in steam, which ous moisture, without deluging the territory with any per- I gives such an entirely new character and power to river manent inundation. The countries rendered accessible by navigation. Propelled by it, the vessel could be carried in the Niger and its tributaries, are undoubtedly the most productive and industrious in all Africa ; and their popula- and thus pass swiftly through the region of the pestilence;

one day and night from the ocean to the head of the delta, tion, notwithstanding the difficulty of forming any pre- it could also penetrate, and leave behind it, hostile fleets of cise estimate, can scarcely be rated at less than twenty-five armed canoes. millions. It seems impossible that British enterprise can whether the steam-vessels should be brought direct from

Practical skill and experience must decide find access to such a region, without drawing from it very England, or be stationed on the coast, where the goods considerable results. The two questions which call for consideration are the articles of British produce, for which a

brought out by sailing vessels, could be transferred into vent may be found in this quarter of the world ; and the the cost of transhipment, and the dangers to health incurred

them. The first of these plans, if practicable, would avoid commodities which may be procured in exchange. Under which Britain most excels, and has carried to the greatest ex. Formoso, or Benin branch, might not be the most advanthe first head, we may at once refer to that manufacture in during such an operation on a coast, every spot on which is

insalubrious. It may be worth suggesting, whether the tent. Cotton fabrics are alone suited to the climate of Central tageous for ascending the river. The navigator would thus Africa, and, in fact, clothe her entire population. It is true, they are manufactured with skill within the country itself; the dangerous bar at the mouth of the Brass river, and the

at once reach the head of the delta, above Kiree, avoiding but the example of India, where Manchester and Paisley fierce rivalry of the natives

, which would be encountered have supplanted, in their native seats, the superb muslins both there, and still more in the Bonny channel It may and calicoes of Dacca and Masulipatam, leaves little doubt be presumed, however, that the trade can never be carried that the less brilliant products of the African loom would be unable to withstand the competition. There is even no

on with facility, or to any great extent, without a station

on the Niger itself, where a depôt of European and African need of recurring to so distant an illustration. Manchester goods could be formed ; whence smaller vessels might a clothes Bonny and Eboe at Kiama, more than two hundred cend the inferior rivers, or those parts of the great stream miles inland;

her robes, of course and gaudy patterns, formed of which the navigation is difficult or obstructed. There the favourite ornament of the Negro damsels, though their would be an obvious convenience in endeavouring to obtain moderate original cost had been raised by a long land-car- by purchase one of the numerous islands by which che riage to an almost ruinous height. The navigation of the channel is in one place diversified. The only danger might Niger seems hitherto to have been little instrumental in be, of their being rendered unhenlthy by a low and dapp diffusing commodities through the interior. The communi situation ; in which case a salubrious and defensible peste cation is almost entirely between city and city ; the chief of tion might be found on one of the heights by which a mat Damuggo did not know the existence of Eyeo or Youri. It was only at Egga, the limit of the more improved and in

extent of the river course is bordered. It remains only that dustrious districts, that European commodities began to ap

we inquire what connexion can be traced between these pear . Besides cotton stuffs, arms, it is to be feared, would whether any, and what anticipations have been formed by

new discoveries, and our previous knowledge of Africa hunting, perhaps the exchange of the European for the now, for the first time, been navigated by Europeans. These vance civilization. Jewels, toys, every gaudy and glitter- who delineates the river as entirely inland, and without ing object, is suited to the rude taste of the African chiefs ; any branch Howing to the southward, evidently had no idea and, as they have not yet learned to distinguish the real

of its termination. The case may be somewhat different value of these commodities, high prices might, for some

with regard to the Arabian writers, who describe their

“ Nile of the Negroes," as flowing westward, and falling * We beg our readers to peruse this in connexion with Mr. Pitt's

into the Atlantic. We have endeavoured to show, in a for: speech on the civilization of Africa, in our Itin number.

mer article, (June 1826,) that their settlements were all

in the territory now called Houssa ; and that their Nile the Flemish farmer, recruited by intervals of decent and was not the Niger of Park, but a compound of the streams comfortable refreshment, and not less agreeable to perceive flowing along that plain, particularly the Quartama, or the farm servants treated with kindness and respect. They Zirmie. It may be supposed that this last stream, joined uniformly dine with the farmer and his family at a clean to the part of the Niger navigated by Lander, formed their table cloth, well supplied with spoonis, with four pronged Nile, and that they thus erred only by supposing a tribut- forks, and every thing necessary for their convenience. ary to be the maiu branch. But the great imperfection of In Flanders, the gentlemen are all farmers, but the farmers their knowledge, is clearly proved by the ignorance of all do not aspire to be gentlemen, and their servants feel the the details now observed by our traveller; and more parti- benefit. 'They partake with them of a plentiful orderly cularly by the statement; that from Tocrur (Sockatoo) to meal, which varies according to circumstances. Ulil, where the great river fell into the sea, was only the clothing of the peasantry is warm and comfortable eighteen days' journey, which cannot be rated so high as good shoes and stockings, and frequently gaiters of leather 300 miles ; while the real distance to the Gulf of Benin or strong linen, which are sold very cheap, does not fall short of 700. There may, however, be room Their comfortable supply of linen is remarkable ; there to believe, that they might receive a general intimation of are few of the labouring classes without many changes. the termination of the Niger in the Atlantic, and might sup

With respect to the farm house, the extes pose the remotest city in that direction, of which they ob rior is, for the most part, ornamented with creepers or fruit tained distinct intelligence, to be at the point of its entrance ; trees, trained against the walls; and within, the neatness as Sultan Bello-supposed Rakah and Fundah to be sea which prevails is quite fascinating. Every article of fur. ports at the mouth of the river. The name of Youri bears niture is polished. The service of pewter displays a pecula some resemblance to that of Ulil; r and I being readily con- liar brightness, and the tiled floor is puritied by frequent vertible. But the pits in which the salt of Ulil is said by ablutions. The cottage of the labourer, though not so well Edrisi to have been found, and the desert along which it furnished, is, however, as clean ; a frequent and periodical was conveyed, suggest the western salt mines, and seem to use of water and the broom pervades every house, great and prove that Ulil was Walet, and that the Lake Dibbi, in small, in the country and in town." that imperfect state of knowledge, was confounded with the "A large farm requires a large capital. If a man takes a Atlantic . The only writer who discovers a distinct know- farm which he has not capital to stock sufficiently, whether ledge of any part of the Niger navigated by the present the farm be large or small, he will labour under difficultravellers, is Leo Africanus. He describes it as flowing be- ties. What is wanted is, not that men without capital tween Guber (which is still well known as a country of shall take farms, (for the mischievous consequence of this is Houssa, and appears then to have been its ruling state) and felt in Ireland, where a man without a farthing will take Gago, whose fruitful territory, rude habitations, the innu- | a farm,) but that there should be farms of sizes suited to merable host of the royal wives, and its situation 400 miles the capitals by which they can be advantageously cultiva.. south from Timbuctoo, clearly establish to be Eyeo. But ted. We believe that after the first great improvements of he fails altogether to trace it farther, or follow its progress embanking and draining, &c. have been made in a country, downwards to the Gulf of Benin. On the contrary, he re- if things were left to their natural course, farms would conpresents it as flowing in a western direction from Timbuctoo stantly diminish rather than increase in size. The small to Ghinea, (Jenur,) and thence to the ocean. This impres-farmer can observe all the most improved practices, and he sion he evidently derived from the Portuguese, who early can better attend to minute details--an immense matter in began to consider the Senegal and Gambia as the estuaries farming. The difference, too, between the exertions of a of the Niger. This last opinion continued to be prevalent hireling and a man who la bours for himself, is not to be among modern Europeans; hence the only attempts made disregarded. Accordingly, it has been found that, during to reach the Niger, were by the English from the Gambia, times of difficulty, the small farmer has struggled through, and the French from the Senegal. They proved abortive; while the large farmer has sunk, from inability to keep and Delisle and D'Anville obtained positive information, down his expenditure. The small farmer and his family that these rivers had no connexion with the Niger, which will toil early and late, if necessary, and cheerfully submit rose in the interior, and howed eastward to Timbuctoo. to privations, in the hope' of better times; but the hireling Yet they never could fully overcome the general preposses- has no interest in the prosperity of his master, and no moi ou to the contrary, and had, themselves, no correct idea as tive for encountering privations for the sake of one who, if o its termination. Reichard, a German writer, had the prosperous, wonld never bestow a thought on him. 'T'le 12 erit of starting, and Mr. M'Queen of warmly supporting tendency to multiply farms is retarded by the necessity for tha. hypothesis, which has now been so happily verified, and an outlay on buildings, and still more by the manner in ar ords, the main key to the geography of interior Africa. which the poor laws have been abused in a great part of r Otwithstanding the great ainportance of this discovery, it England. The man who cultivates a small possession by

by no means completed even the outline of our know his own Inbour and that of his family, is made to pay the

ge respecting the oma tetał, wegions of this continent. The wages of tire labourers of the great farmer. Im many pa. T hadda, with all the countries on its banks, which there rishes the rates are as high as thirty shillings a pound, is every reason to believe are fertile and populous, remains merely throngh the labourers receiving their wages in the entirely unexploredo s There is a large blank in the course shape of rates. Wherever this system prevails there can be of the Niger between Timbuetoo and Youri. We say no. no small farmers. If they were to pay no rent, they would thing of the regions south of the equator, which, unless be ruined by the rates. As great farmers hate to have from the recent observations of M. Donville, are almost small farms in their neighbourhood, and hate to see labourentirely untouched by discovery.--Edinburgh Review.

ers possessed of small allotments of land, or any means by

which they can escape from absolute dependence, the poor LARGE AND SMALL FARMS.

rates were often raised with a view to work the destruca In the Netherlands, and in Switzerland, and in the tion of the small farmers, and the more complete depenNorth of Italy and Tuscany, the most perfect agriculture dence of the labourers. prera ils with small farms. In Flanders, the farmer, like the old English farmer, sits at the table with his servants, ABHORRENCE OF WAR.-1 wish you joy of the marand looks carefully into every detail. He is at the same vellous conclusion of the strange and terrible drama which time, according to all accounts, a much better farmer than our eyes have seen opened, and, I trust, finally closed, upon the English farmer. Radcliff, who was sent by the Farm- the grand stage of Europe, (date, July 1814.) I used to ing Society of Ireland to the Netherlands, and published a be fond of war when I was a younger man, and longeul report on the agriculture of East and West Flanders, in heartily to be a soldier ; but now, I think there is no 1819, thus describes the manners of the Flemish farmer and prayer in the service with which I could close more e

nestly, than * Send peace in our time, good Lord!"“It is a pleasure to observe the laborious industry of Walter Scotl's Letters.



could such a man mix up the softenings of private virtue,

with the babit of so sublime a comprehension-is, amid PATRIOTISM-PHILANTHROPY.

those magnificent darings of thought and of performance, BY DR. CHALMERS.

the mildness of his benignant eye could still continue to I Now make my appeal to the sensibilities of your heart ; cheer the retreat of his family, and to spread the charm and tell me, to whom does the moral feeling within it yield and the sacredness of piety among all its ine:nbers could its readiest testimony--to the infidel, who would make this he even mingle himself in all the gentieness of a conthed world of ours vanish away into abandonment-or to those and a smiling heart, with the playfulne:s of his children angels, who ring throughout all their mansions the hosannas and also find strength to shed the blessings of his prezence of joy, over every one individual of its repentant popula- and his counsel over the vicinity around him,-oh! would tion?

not the combination of so much grace with so much loftiAnd here I cannot omit to take advantage of that open-ness, only serve the more to aggrandize him ? Would not ing with which our Saviour has furnished us, by the par- the one ingredient of a character so rare, go to illustrate ables of this chapter,* and by which he admits us into a and to magnify the other? And would not you pronounce familiar view of that principle on which the inhabitants of him to be the fairest specimen of our nature, who could 80 Heaven are so awake to the deliverance and the restoration call out all your tenderness, while he challenged and com. of our species. To illustrate the difference in the reach of pelled all your veneration ? knowledge and of affection, between a man and an angel, TITHES.-DR. CHALMERS.--" This lingering of an old let us think of the difference of reach between one man prejudice in the mind of Luther, because consecrated by anand another. You may often witness a man, who feels tiquity, is a striking example of the tenacity with which neither tenderness nor care beyond the precincts of his own such prejudices keep their ground. We are hopeless of any family ; but who, on the strength of those instinctive fond demonstration, however irresistible, having its proper nessess which nature has implanted in his bosom, may earn fect, either on the body politic or the body ecclesiastical

. the character of an amiable father, or a kind husband, or I am not nearly so sanguine as I was wont to be, that a bright example of all that is soft and endearing in the either of those bodies will save itself from ruin by a timely relations of domestic society. Now, conceive him, in addi-correction of those abuses, which, if not remedied, will eition to all this, to carry his affection abroad, without, at fect its destruction. I am far more afraid that the pauper. the same time, any abatement of their intensity towards ism of England will shake society to pieces, than that Go. the objects which are at home-that, stepping across the vernment will gradually do away with this sore blot on our limits of the house he occupies, he takes an interest in the social system. In like manner, though the subject of Tithes families which are near hinn_that he lends his services to

is now, in good earnest, under the notice of Parliament, ! the town or the district wherein he is placed, and gives up fear it may too late to save the Church of Ireland. And a portion of his time to the thoughtful labours of a hu- it is to be observed, in conformity with the principle before mane and public-spirited citizen. By this enlargement in the alluded to, that made Government take it up in the derid. sphere of his attention, he has extended his reach; and pro- ed manner it appears to be doing. It was not at the ezil vided he has not done so at the expense of that regard of English reasoners, but at the compulsion of Irish pike. which is due to his family,—a thing which, cramped and men. — How much does the force of expediener, and how confined as we are, we are very apt, in the 'xercise of our little does the force of reason, influence the minds of men." humble faculties, to do--I put it to you, whether, by ex [These are the sentiments of Dr Chalmers; and in the tending the reach of his views and his affections, he has not spirit of these sentiments, ire conceive a frank, open arowal, extended his worth, and his moral respectability along with that the Church of Scotland, in her system of Patronage

, it?

her Eldership, and her Discipline, both over pastors and peale But I can conceive a still further enlargement. I can ple, is not what she ought to be what she once was--ad figure to myself a man, whose wakeful sympathy overflows may again, by the blessing of God, become,-iş alike due the field of his own immediate neighbourhood to whom truth and good policy.] the name of country comes with all the omnipotence of a charm upon his heart, and with all the urgency of a most ighteous and resistless claim upon his services- who nerer

SINBAD THE SAILOR.-At a late meeting of the French hears the name of Britain sounded in his ears, but it stirs Academy of Inscriptions, Baron Walkemaer read a veryil: up all his enthusiasın in behalf of the worth and the wel rious paper on the voyages of Sinbad the Sailor, as detailed fare of its people--who gives himself up, with all the devot- in the Arabian Nights. llis object was, to ascertain what edness of a l'assion, to the best and the purest objects of light these entertaining fictions throw on the geographical patriotism--and who, spurning away from him the vul- knowledge of the Arabians in the time of the Caliph lis. harities of party ambition, separates his life and his labours roun-al-Rasclid ; that is to say, the eighth or ninth century to the fine pursuit of augmenting the science, or the virtue, of our era. He remarks, that Sinbad rarely mention tha or the substantial prosperity of lis nation. Oh! could name of more than one or two places in each voyage, afiu' such a man retain all the tenderness, and fulfil all the duties these are usually the principal objects of bris expedition; fi! which home and which neighbourhood require of him, and, liis details of the natural bistory and produtious of each * at the same time, expatiate in the might of his untried them are generally exact; whereas he never 12:00s the col". faculties, on so wide a field of benevolent contemplation-- tics m which the scenes of his esiravagant and fictie van would not this extension of reach place him still higher adventures are laid, and is silent respecting their products than before, on the scale both of moral and intellectual tions : whence it is fair to conclude, that this funcitnil exgradation, and give him a still brighter and more enduring broidery has been added as an ornamental appendage to the name in the records of human excellence?

accounts of real voyages undertaken to and from the city of And, lasíly, I can conceive a still loftier flight of humani. Bagdad. Thus, the first voyage was to Bijanagur, socis ty-a man, the aspiring of whose heart for the good of man, in the Southern part of Hindustan; the second to the Pero knows no limitations whose longings, and whose concep-insula of Malacca ; the third to the Andaman Islands, ad tions on this subject, overleap all the barriers of geography to Sumatra; the fourth to the Pepper Coast of Malabar, —who, looking on himself as a brother of the species, links the Nicobar Isles, and part of the peninsula of Malatca; the every spare energy which belongs to him, with the cause fifth along the Malabar coast, in the Maidire Islands; a' il of its melioration—who can embrace, within the grasp of the sixth and serenih to Cape Comoris, the southern point his ample desires, the whole family of mankind- and who, of Hindoostan, and thence, by the Gulf ui Jianaar, to the in obedience to a heaven-born movement of principle within interior of Ceylon. These appear to have been the printiliin, separates himself to some big and busy enterprise, pal points of the commercial expeditions of the Arikali which is to tell on the moral destinies of the world. on? period alluded to, embracing a space included between !

and 105 degrees of east longitude, and 33 degreer words, and 5 degrees of south latitude,

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Luke xv, 7




that the fine music which we sometimes heard in the ari,

came from the bells of St Mary's Church, and that we never FIRST GOING TO CHURCH.

heard it but when the wind was in a particular point. This A Tale for the Young.

raised my wonder more than all the rest; for I had somehow conceived that the noise which I heard, was

casioned by birds up in the air, or that it was made by the I was born and brought up, in a house in which my pa- | angels, whom (so ignorant I was till that time) I had alrents had all their lives resided, which stood in the midst ways considered to be a sort of birds ; for before this time of that lonely tract of land called the Lincolnshire Fens.

I was totally ignorant of any thing like religion, it being a Few families besides our own lived near the spot, both because principle of my father, that young heads should not be told too it was reckoned unwholesome air, and because its distance many things at once, for fear they should get confused ideas from any town or market made it an inconvenient situa- and no clear notions of any thing. We had always indeed tion. My father was in no very affluent circumstances, so far observed Sundays, that no work was done upon that and it was a sad necessity which he was put to, of having day; and upon that day I wore my best muslin frock, and to go many miles to fetch any thing from the nearest vil

was not allowed to sing, or to be noisy ; but I never underlage, which was full seven miles distant, through a sad stood why that day should differ from any other. We had miry way that at all times made it heavy walking, and af

no public meetings :-indeed the few straggling houses ter rain almost impassable. But he had no horse or

which were near us, would have furnished but a slender carriage of his own.

congregation ; and the loneliness of the place we lived in, The church which belonged to the parish in which our | instead of making us more sociable, and drawing us closer house was situated, stood in this village; and its distance together, as my mother used to say it ought to have done, being, as I said before, seven miles from our house, made it seemed to have the effect of making us more distant and quite an impossible thing for my mother or me to think of

averse to society than other people. One or two good neighgoing to it. Sometimes, indeed, on a fine dry Sunday, my bours, indeed, we had, but not in number to give me an idea father would rise early, and take a walk to the village, just of church attendance. to see how goodness thrived, as he used to say; but he would But now my mother thought it high time to give me some generally return tired, and the worse for his walk. It is clearer instruction in the main points of religion, and my scarcely possible to explain to any one who has not lived in father came readily into her plan. I was now permitted to the fens, what difficult and dangerous walking it is. A sit up half an hour later on a Sunday evening, that I might mile is as good as four, I have heard my father say, in hear a portion of scripture read, which had always been those parts. My mother, who in the early part of her life their custom, though by reason of my tender age, and my had lived in a more civilized spot, and had been used to father's opinion on the impropriety of children being taught constant church-going, would often lament her situation.

too young, I had never till now been an auditor.

I was It was from her I early imbibed a great curiosity and also taught my prayers. anxiety to see that thing, which I had heard her call a The clearer my notions on these points became, they only church, and so often lament that she could never go to. made me more passionately long for the privilege of joinI had seen houses of various structures, and had seen in pic- ing in that social service, from which it seemed that we tures the shapes of ships and boats, and palaces and tem- alone, of all the inhabitants of the land, were debarred ; and ples, but never rightly any thing that could be called a when the wind was in that point which enabled the sound church, or that could satisfy me about its form. Some of the distant bells of St. Mary's to be heard over the great times I thought it must be like our house, and sometimes I moor which skirted our house, I have stood out in the air fancied it must be more like the house of our neighbour, to catch the sounds, which I almost devoured ; and the tears Mr. Sutton, which was bigger and handsomer than ours.

have come into my eyes, when sometimes they seemed to speak Sometimes I thought it was a great hollow cave, such as I

to me almost in articulate sounds, to come to church, and have heard my father sav the first inhabitants of the earth because of the great moor which was between me and then dwelt in. Then I thought it was like a waggon, or a cart, I could not come; and the too tender apprehensions of these and that it must be something movable. The shape of it things have filled me with a religious melancholy. With ran in my mind strangely, and one day I ventured to ask thoughts like these I entered into my seventh year. my mother, what was that foolish thing she was always And now the time was come, when the great moor was longing to go to, and which she called a church. Was it

no longer to separate me from the object of my wishes and of any thing to eat or drink, or was it only like a great huge my curiosity. My father having some money left him by plaything, to be seen and stared at ? I was not quite five the will of a deceased relation, we ventured to set up a sort years of age when I made this inquiry.

of a carriage--no very siperb one; but in that part of the This question, so oddly put, made my mother smile; but world it was looked upon with come envy by our poorer in a little time she put on a more grave look, and informed neighbours. The first party of pleasure which my father me, that a church was nothing that I had supposed it, but proposed to take in it, was to the village where I had so it was a great building, far greater than any house which often wished to go, and my mother and I were to accomI had seen, where men, and women, and children, came to

pany him ; for it was very fit, my father observed, that gether twice a-day on Sundays, to hear the Bivle read, and little Susan should go to church, and learn how to behave make good resolutions for the week to come. She told me, herself, for we might sometime or other have occasion to

live in London, and not always be confined to that out-of→ We cannot acl about the authorship of this very beautiful story: the-way spot. It has been attributed to Ellia, and the line imagination it displays makes this prebable.

It was on a Sunday diorning that we set out, my littic

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