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all Wauking too and too in our bridle wite gownds, with | ladies," he says, “ are imprisoned in stays, and in stays so the Union Jacks afore us, to Pay humbel Respex to Kornel stiff that to embrace them is like embracing an oak. They Arther, who behaived verry jentlemanny, and Complement- stand as bolt upright in this cuirass, as our mulberry-trees id us on our Hansome apearences, and Purlitely sed he with wooden fences put round them when they are still wisht us All in the United States. Servents mite live Long tender. This cuirass renders them as stiff and unbending enuff in Lonnon without Being sich persons of Distinkshun. as a hedge-stake, while our ladies are soft and flexible as a For my hone Part, cumming amung Strangers, and Pig in silken cord.” During his exile, the Count, infinitely to his Pokes, prudence Dicktated not to be askt out. At the honour, obtained a subsistence by teaching the Italian lanverry furst cumming in, howsummever, All is setlid, and guage. This, and other modes of introduction, threw open the Match is apruved of by Kornel Arther and the Bright several English houses to him ; and he gives the in-door ish goverment, who as agreed to giv me away. Thems wat picture rather cleverly, both of the gentry who enjoy all the I call honners, as we usid to say at wist
* | luxury and refinement of the opulent nobility, and of “the Of course you and betty will xpect me to indulge in Per- better class.” His sketch of this class offers a fair and agreetonalities about my intendid, to tell yew wat he is lick. He able specimen of a work, which is but the more piquant for is not at all lick Eddard as driv the Fancy bred, and No. its blunders, and cross-readings of English acts and deeds. holdy else. Yew No I wood send yew his picter, Dun by
AN ENGLISH VILLA. himself, only it is no more like him than Chork is to I was a visit in debt to a widow-lady, mother of two Chrase. In spite of the short tim for Luv to take shoots, 1 beautiful girls, through an invitation to dinner I had rc
ceived. This lady's villa is situated in a delicious spot, at am convinst he is verry Passionet. As to his temper, I the foot of a hill crowned by an old and noble wood, ancan't speck As yet, as I have not tride it. O mary! litel proached hy a winding, gently-sloping path across meadows did I think too Munth ago of sendin yew Brid Cake and and plantations within the same enclosure. The house is Weddin favers. Wen I say this, I am only Figgering in protected from the wind, and from excessive heat; it is speach, for yow Must Not look for sich things from this lian palaces, but is sufficiently spacious for an English villa,
not large, in comparison with the immense and useless Ita. Part of the wurld. I don't mean this by way of discur- and enjoys a view of a range of hills, irregular in form, ridgment; Wat I meen to Say is this, If so be as Young clad with trees, and within the space that can be taken in Wimmin prefers a state of Silly Bessy, they had Better re
by the eye. The quiet, the mystery of the neighbouring mane ware they was Born; but as far as Reel down rite wood, the song of the birds, the frocks feeding in the mea
dows, all seem to say, “ Here reigns love !" What, then, if I Courting, and no nonsense is concarned, this is the Plaice add that the two young ladies of the mansion are beautiful, for my Munny. A Gal has only to cum out hear, and theirs graceful, and courteous, with rosy cheeks, and copious duzzens will jump at her lik Cox at Gusberis. It will be a ringlets of flowing hairreel kindness to say as match to Hannah at 48, and Hester
" Whose large blue eyes, fair locks, and snovy hands,
Might shake the saintship of an anchorite ?"-BYRON, Brown, and Peggy Oldfield, and partickler poor Charlotte. Almost every day they ride out alone with their groom, on They needn't Fear about being Plane, for you may tell excursions over the neighbouring country, and are somethem in this Land Faces don't make stumblin blox, and if times present for a few moments . a fox-chase, when, at the Hole cargo was as uggly as sin, Lots wood git mar..
reynard's first breaking cover, the shrill horn and the cry ried.
of a hundred panting hounds are heard together, and the
red-coated horsemen, leaping hedge and ditch, scour the COUNT PECCHIO'S RESIDENCE IN ENGLAND. country at a headlong gallop. They bave passed tivo or THE TOUR OF A GERMAN PRINCE set the fashion of three months at Paris, speak of it with enthusiasm, and are this kind of books. Count Pecchio, an Italian political eager to return. They speak French, and stammer a littie exile, is a very different man, and far inferior writer and Italian. The piano, the harp, drawing, light reading, the
conservatory, and a little flower-garden cultivated with observer; but to atone for this, he is a true man. His their own hands, divide the time that riding, visiting, balls, blunders, which are numerous, form the most amusing part invitations, and the annual two-months' visit to London, of his travels, and show us the mistakes to which all tra leave them. I had selected a rainy day, that I might be Tellers are liable, English as well as Italian. Some of his
sure of finding the family at home; but the English ladies innocent surprises are not very creditable to the state of pay little regard to the weather. I had not got half across
the garden before I perceived the carriage, which was just manners and morals in his native state of Piedmont. The on the point of setting out. I approach the door,—I am Count is the most bland and courteous of travellers. He welcomed with a courtesy more than polite. The mother never wearies in expatiating on the beauty of the ladies, the
was in the coach, along with the younger daughter, who is horses, and the children of England. The farmers' daugh-through a thousand antics, professed myself au désespoir,
also the handsomer of the two. On seeing this, I went ters ride like the damsels of old romance—the ladies are désolé, &c., and gave in to all the caricature we practise on neatly dressed when they do not expect company-fathers the Continent. The graceful F---, by way of consoling nerer quarrel with their sons, and babies never cry, nor
me, informed me that her sister was at home, and would le children over-eat themselves, “ Cowper sees every thing of very glad to see me. This intimation recalled ine to life.
I should never have looked for the good fortune of such a the colour of roses, and Crabbe every thing with a jaundiced passport ;-1 devoured at a stride the piece of road between eye." The Count, however, intended to be less universal
me and the house. I koock and re-knock impatientiy. A in his praise, and meant to have devoted a chapter “ to maid-servant opens the door, and invites me to walk into a the eternally-hysterical, to the tyrants of families, and to
room on the right. As I had always seen the mistress of those mothers who, anxious to dispose of their wares, aspire the house on the left hand, I did not understand her direconly to get their daughters once fairly married, whoever tions, and entered another room ; but the beautiful C—
soon came in, and courteously saluting me, invited me to the husband, whether an idiot, a baboon, or a worn-out her own room, her parlour. Severe Italian matrons ought libertine ; but he reflected, “ and resolved to let every man here to reflect that the colloquy was between a beautiful live in his own way." The Count was astonished to find young woman and a wandering exile, who leaves no trace stays still used in sober, sensible England.
of actions, as official persons must do wherever they pass ; “ The English that I had not concealed the impression made upon rae:
THE UNKNOWN POETS OF SCOTLAND.
the lively and sparkling eyes of the beautiful Cat of the tooth of time. This is a book to be bought, by all other times; that in the room-
clubs especially. It places the reader at once abreast with " Alone we were, and all without suspicion ;"
the current of public affairs. that no guardian, no authorized Cerberus of that gar
CHILDREN'S BOOKS, AND CHRISTMAS BOOKS. pen of the Hesperides, was in the house ; that no one would have dared to enter that sanctum sanctorum unless sum We confine ourselves to the juvenile literature of Edin. moned by the bell; that a good fire was burning, that a burgh and Glasgow. In Edinburgh we have the EXCITE. beautiful silk soffa received an exciting warmth from the
MENT, a judicious selection of entertaining extracts from chimney
-; yet, instead of the downcast'eyes, the mu- books of Travels, works on Natural History, and the Periotilated words, the burning blushes in the face, the embar
dicals. rassment that would accompany such a situation in Italy,
Fiction is excluded it appears, and yet the book is there began between us a cheerful and unrestrained conver- sufficiently exciting and attractive without its aid. sition, with frank and sparkling eyes, with smiles and THE INFANT ANNUAL is a nice fairy quarto, for the merriment. Hunting, the exhibition of pictures, the last nursery shelves ; pretty infantine stories, with praise-worthy new novel, the Parisian opera, and the
eternal and the in, morals and amiable tendencies; and very pretty, and not evitable subject of the English ladies, Lord Byron, passed away two hours' time very pleasantly. Many times did garish cuts. the prohibited fruit, (guarded by the dragon of her own vir. But Glasgow, this year, completely eclipses Edinburgh tue and modesty,) I mean my lovely hostess, offer me some- in the juvenile classics. Besides native productions, Amething with which 1 might refresh myself, and many times rica pours out her stores by lapfuls upon Mr. Reid's counter. also entice me to repeat my visits. We were talking before a portrait of his Lordship, which she had copied. She There is the LITTLE GIRL's Own Book, and what for was dressed in green silk, with a border of yellow riband: not, as well this as the Boy's Ows, and the Young Lamy mention that the colour was green, will spare me the DY's Own? And there is also a LILLIPUTIAN Code of trouble of telling Italians that C-- had a complexion of Politeness, (Tue POLITE PRESENT,) and A PRESENT perfect whiteness, without which a greca dress would have
TO A DAUGHTER; and many more, over which, by this jujured her beauty ; but where is the lady who does not widerstand the effect of colour in dress better than Titian time, liundreds of good children are rejoicing, and the fruits bimit? I gaily took my leave, my horse awaited me at
of which will be found in their minds and manners, when the cor, and thus I left this most innocent tile-u-tête. not a wreck is left behind of the other New Year Day pre
These two young ladies were sisters in blood, but not in sents, inade them by kind friends, whether from the contaste. The younger loved travelling on the Continent, and fectioner's or the toy-shop. the theatres and balls of Paris; the elder loved her country and its fogs, above all the romantic scenery of Switzerland, above all the enchantments of Italy. The one played on This resurrection, or bringing to light of poets hidden the piano and the harp; the other gave up music, as she by hard circumstances, but meriting wider fame, is an ex. said, with amiable frankness, for want of ear. me one day, by way of compliment, that she cultivated cellent idea. Besides bringing forward the modest, it will Italian as a compensation for music. The elder, instead, consign some of the modestly assured to their true level. contented herself with French. She in her mien was the Mr. Campbell, of Leich, who assumes the office of cditor, more reserved and stately; the other, in her motions and enters upon his, we fear, thankless task, with a becoming her conversation, more winning. Drawing and riding spirit, and a proper value for his order; claiming notice for were accomplishments cominon to both. It seemed as if, the UNKNOWN Poets as their right, and placing the obli. like the Roman emperors, who divided the empire between them, they had divided the provinces of amiability; per- gation on the true side, that of the public. haps it was a tacit convention, noi to be rivals in matri The poets introduced in Part I. are James Forrest, James mony, and to leave those who should offer, some variety in Home, and James Ballantine; and the last is the first. their choice. The second seemed modelled for an English Forrest was a poor weaver of Carlors, to whom the poetic man who had travelled on the Continent; the first for one who had never left Old England. Both, however, are amia. spirit, (and the gift was to our thinking granted but in ble, each in her own way; but if I were condemned to re- scanty measure,) proved a plague and a curse, if it begot nounce one of them, I would select her who loves the Con. the repining unhappy temper which embittered his humble tinent the most.
lot, and shortened his life. There are many nonsensical B1OGRAPHICAL SKETCHES OF THE REFORM MINIS- and mischievous notions abroad about this same poetrs: TERS; With a llisiory of the Passing of the Reform Bills, but this is not the place to discuss them. It appears to be and a View of Europe at the close of 1332. By W. Jones. expected that poetry, or the power of stringing together 3
This may be called the Politician's Year Book ; with few rhywes, should be meat, drink, and clothing, fire and the further advantare, of placing the political career of fending, to “ tie poet.” Even where the faculiy really all the leading members of the Government fairly bore us. exists, that is, in one case out of five hundred, poetry is not We are thus enabled to contrast the former professions of to be blamed for not fulfilling a bargain for which poetry such men as Lord Althorp, and Sir John Cam Hobhouse, cannot undertake. It may and always ought to make men with their present conduct and recent declarations, and to nobler, purer, and liappier beings; but riches or improre. hold them to their old text. In this view we conceive this ment in worldly circumstances are not anong its privileges, work of great value. Things proper to be held in conti- though they may sometimes accidentally attend the posnual remembrance by the nation are here written (not by an session of the gift. No great poet ever get made money by adversary) in a book -and exceedingly well written too. his muse. If Pope be cited as an instance, we say he succerved It is fully entitled to the merit of being the most entertain. hy patronage and adroit management ; ás did Byron, Moore, ing Annual National REGISTER ever published. The and Scott, by the most potent power of modern timeslives of Grey, Brougham, Durham, and Russell, are drawn Fashion. If Forrest wished to prosper in the world, die up in the right spirit, and with great care and ability ; the should have invented a shawl border, or improved the miaportraits are excellent, though some are rather fiattering chinery of his loom. The verses lie has left, though naturlikenesses, and discount a good ten years of the clawings al and pleasing, scarcely rise to mediocrity, with the excepat
tion of a disputed piece ; and if “his soul was absorbed by
While manhood's vigour nerves my arın, poesy, and his strong, melancholy, manly miud dwelt on it
While in my breast life's bluid flows warm,
Frae ilka danger, want, or herm, night and day," there has been what men of his calling
I'll keep thee free, term “ but a short outcome," and little to encourage others
Till death shall break the mystic charm, to follow his example.
An' close thine ee. JAMES HOME is a man of more likelihood. He is a sturdy and gallant dyke-builder, who, on Tweedside, as an
DIARY OF A SPORTING OXONIAN. imitator of Burns, composes and sings his rustic love-lays
Sunday. Waked at eight o'clock hy the servant, to tell
me the bell was going for prayers-wonder those scoundreis joyously and tenderly; and, as might be expected, has an
are suffered to make such a noise-tried to sleep again, but immense success among the lasses.
could not--sat up and rad Hoyle in bed.---- Ten, got up JAMES BALLANTINE, the third James immortalized in and breakfasted. Charles Racket called to ask me to ride Part I., is a house-painter in this city; who wisely shunning -agreed to ride-agreed to stay till the President was gone all pecuniary or worldly transactions with the Muses, and
to church.-Half atier eleven, rode out. Going down
the HigiS reet, saw ":ll Sagely going down to St. Mary's: placing no reliance upon them, bringe no idle complaint can't think what people go to church for.-Twelve to against their ladyships for being bad payers, nor yet against two, rode round Burlington Green--met Careless, and a the world for cruelty and cold-heartedness to the votaries new fresh mau, of Trinity-engaged them to dine with me of the Divine Art, provided, we presume, it retains its ad.
-Two to three, lounged at the stable-made the fresh
man ride over the bale-talked to him about horsesmiration and its want of house-painting. This is right,
see he knows nothing about the matter-went home and manly common seuse. Mr. Ballantine wisely makes of dressed.. _Three to eight, dinner and wine-remarkable the Igre, “a canty whistle with a pleasant sound," to di- pleasant evening-sold Racket's stone-horse for him, to vert his own leisure and amuse his friends, thus turning it Careless's friend, for fifty guineas-certainly break' his
neck.--Eight to ten, coffenhouse, and lounged in the to the best possible use in his power. This publication will
High Street. Stranger went home to study-afraid he's a greatly enlarge the circle of his admirers. The specimens bad one. Engaged to hunt to-morrow, and dine with Racof his humourous or Boswellian verse, are full of life and ket. -_
-Twelve, supped, and went to bed early, in order to genuine glee. The piece we give below is of a yet higher get up to-morrow. order. It unites the finest qualities of the National Muse,
Monday. Racket rowed me up at seven o'clock-sleepy pathos and kindliness with easy humour. To us it ap- and queer, but was forced to get up and make breakfast for pears quite charming; and though with some fears for the him. -Eight to five in the afternoon, hunting-famous difficulty of the dialect among our English readers, we adopt run, and killed near Bicester--number of tumbles-fresh it at once into our most select corner-our
man out on Racket's stone-horse-got the devil of a fall in VERSES FOR THE YOUNG,
a ditch-horse upon him—but don't know whether he was A SON TO HIS MOTHER,
killed or noi. -Five, dressed, and went to dine with Mine ain wee donsy sonsy minny,
Racket.-- Dean had crossed his name, and no dinner could Sae couthy, kindly, cosh, and cannie,
be got--went to the Angel and dined. Famous erening till Just sit ye still a wee, an' dinna
eleven, when the proctors came, and told us to go home to Tent yere ain callant,
our colleges-Wuat directly the contrary way.--Eleven But let him sketch your picture in a
to one, went down into St. Thomas's and fought a raff. Wee hamely ballant.
LOne, dragged home by somebody, the Lord knows There sits thou, on thy creepy stool,
whom, and put to bed. Weel hap't wi fannen coat and cowl,
Tuesday. Very bruised and sore_did not get up till While, simmerin' by the chumley jowl,
twelve found an imposition upon my table-Mem. to give Sits thy tea patty ;
it the hair-dresser. Did not know what to do with myself; An' at thy feet, wi' kindly yowl,
so wrote to my father for money.alf after one, put on Whurs thy wee catty.
my boots to ride for an hour-met Careless at the stableThe bluid in thy auld veins is thin,
role together-asked me to dine with him, and meet Jack
returned home and dressed. Four to seven, dinner and Till in thy cutty pipe thou fin'
wine. Jack very pleasanı-told good stories-says the A redhet aizle.
Italian women have thick legs, no hunting to be got, and Whan sunny simmer comes wi' flowers,
very little wine-wont go there in a hurry.Seven, went On the door stap thou sits for hours,
to the stable, and looked into the coffeehouse-very few An' ilka birdie roun' thee cours,
drunken men, and nothing going forwards. Agreed to play Cock, hens, an' chickens,
Sedley at billiards-Walker's table engaged, and forced to While, wi' an open han, thou showers
go to the Blue Posts - lost ten guineas-thought I could Them walth'o' pickings.
have beat him, but the dog has been practising at Spa.-
Wednesday. Hunted with the Duke of B.-very long At kirk or fair.
run-rode the new mare-found her sinking, so pulled up On Sunday, whan kirk bells a-jowin'
in time, and swore I had a shoe lost--to sell her directly Set ilka haly heart a-lowin',
-buy no more horses of Sedley-knows more than I thought Busked brisk an' braw, I've seen thee rowin',
he did.--Four, returned home; and as I was dressing to Fat, fair, an' dumpy, An' mony a spruce auld beau a-bowin'
dine with Sedley, received a note from some country neighRight straught an' stumpy.
bours of my father's to desire me to dine at the CrossThou'st been to me, my mair than mither,
obliged to send an excuse to Sedley-wanted to put on my Baith faither, mither, a' thegither ;
cap and gown--not to be found-forced to borrok. In times o' dearth, thou didna swither
Half after four to ten, at the Cross. - Ten, found it too To scrimp thy coggie,
bad, so got up, and told them it was against the rules of the To schule an' cleed, as weel's arither,
University to be out later.
Thursday. Breakfasted at the Cross, and walked all the
morning about Oxford with my lions—terrible that work. baronne nor freeholder have bot four dishes of meate at bis Lions very troublesome-asked an hundred and fifty sil. messe; nor na burgess nor other substantious man, spiritual ly questions about every thing they saw-wanted me to nor temporal, sall have at his meate but three dishes, and explain the Latin inscriptions on the monuments of Christ bot ane kind of meate in everie dish;" and heavy pecuniary Church clapel-wanted to know how we spent our time penalties were inficted in case of contravention. Further, forced to give them a dinner, and, what was worse, to sit King James the sixth, " understanding the great excesse and with them till six, when I told them I was engaged for the the meane subjectes of this realme; alsweil within burgh 22
superfluitis used in bridelles and utheris banquettes amangis remainder of the evening, and sent them about their busi.
to landward, to the inordinate consumption not only of sik ness. --Seven, dropped in at Careless's rooms, found him stuffs as growes within the realme, but alswa of drogges, conwith a large party, all pretty much cut-thought it was a fectoures, and spiceries, brocht from the pairties beyond sea, good time to sell him Sediey's mare, but he was not quite and sauld at deare prices to mony folk that are very upabil to drunk enough-made a bet with him, that I trotted my susteine that coaste, for stanching of quhilke abuse, statutest pony from Benson to Oxford within the hour-sure of and ordained that na manner of persons his subjectes, being winning, for I did it the other day in fifty minutes. under the degree of prelates, erles, lordis, barounes, landFriday. Got up early, and rode my pony a foot pace in yearly frie rent twa 'thousande markes money, or fifty
ed gentlemen, or otheris, that are worth, and may spend over to Benson to breakfast-old Shrub at breakfast_told chalders'victual, all charges deduced, sall presume to have at him of the bet, and shewed him the pony-shook his head, their bridelles, er uther banquettes, or at their tables, in and looked cunning when he heard of it-good sign-after daily chere, onie drogges or confectuures brocht from the breakfast rode the race, and won easy, but could not get pairtes beyond sea, and that na banquettes sall be at one opany money-forced to take Carele s's draft-dare say it sittings after baptizing of bairnes in time cumming under the is not worth two-pence--great fool to bet with him. pain of twentie pund." And searchers were to be appointed Twelve to three, lounged at the stable, and cut my black to whom “oppen dures sall be maid of quhatsomever houses horse's tail---eat soup at Sadler's—walked down the High they come to search," under heavy penalties. In 1621 it was Street—met Racket, who wanted me to dine with him, but enacted that no person use any“ mnanger of desert, of wette and could not, because I was engaged at Sagely's.
-Three, dry confections at banquettings, marrièges, baptisms, feastings, dinner at Sagely's—very bad-dined in a cold hall, and
or any meales, excepi the fruites growing in Scotland; as also could get nothing to eat--wine new-a bad fire-tea-kettle tigs, raisins, plumbdamies, almondes, and other confected put on at five o'clock-played at whist for sixpences, and fruites, under the pain of a thousand marks
, toties quoties."
Dress was another grand object, on which our ancestors eso uo bets—thought I should have gone to sleep_terrible workercised their wisdom. *** None of our Sovereign Lord's lieges, of dining with a studious man.-Eleven, went to bed out of whatever quality or degree, were permitted to wear any cloth. spirits.
ing of gold or silver cloathe, or any gola or silver lace upon Saturday. Ten, breakfasted-took up the last Sporting their apparels, or any part of their bodies, and no mander of Magazine-had not read two pages before a dun came person shall have any apparel of velvet, satiin, or other staffes told him I should have some money soon--would not be of silke, except noblenen, Lords of Parliament, Prelates, his gone—offered bim brandy-was sulky, and would not have Majesty's Counsellors, Lords of Session, Barrons of quality, any-saw he was going to be savage, so kicked him down having free yearly rent of fourscore chalders victual, or six thou
sapd merks of silver, and the provosts of the principal burrows stairs, to prevent his being impertinent--thought perhaps I might have more of them, so went to lounge at the stables such also as shall happen to be, or have been provosts, bai
within this kingdom, or those that have been provosts, with -pony got a bad cough, and the black horse thrown out
lies, Deans of Guild," and theasurers within the Town of Edintwo splits--went back to my room in an ill humour, found burgh. It was farther enacted, “ that boue weare upon their a letter from my father--no money, and a great deal of ad. heads buskings or any feathers; and notwithstanding, it is vice-wants to know how my last quarter's allowance permitted that any person may weare chaines or other goldwent-how the devil should I know? He knows I keep smith's worke and baving no stones, nor pearles, within the no accounts-do think fathers are the greatest bores in na same, that po person weare any pearlts nor precious stones,
Very low-spirited and flat all the morning-some except the persons before privileged.". Lawns, Zifaides, and thoughts of reforming, but luckily Careless came in to beg cambric, were in like manner reserved for the sole use of the me to meet our party at his rooms, so altered my mind higher classes. -dined with him, and by nine in the evening was very ordained, " That no servanty, men or women, wear any cloth
The dress of the lower orders was not overlooked. It was happy.
ing except those that are made of cloath, fustians, canvass, or stutfes made in the countrie. And that they have no silk upon
their cloathes, except silk buttons and buttoo-holes, and silk THE WISDOM OF OUR ANCESTORS.
garters, without pearling or roses ;” but it was declared to be
always lawful for them to wear their masters' or mistress's old The practical men among our ancestors left nothing unregu- clothes. The fasbion of cloaths was not to be changed either lated. The number of dishes each rank were to bave on their by men or women, under heavy penalties. The husbandmen tables, the quality, nature, and form of their dress, the price of and labourers of the ground were not to wear any cloathing but alınost every article of food. the entertainments at funerals, gray, white, blue, and selfe black cloth, made in Scotland, and baptisms and on other occasions, their arms and armour, their their wives and children were to wear the like, under a penalty marriages, and even the last habiliments of their dead bodies, were
of forts pounds. all objects of legislation. Let us follow a man through the Statute
But still more minute regulations, if possible, are to be found Book, in the times of our ancestors. In order to
in our Statute-Book. No one was to allow rooks to build in his superfluous expense at baptisms," it was enacted under heavy trees; and if their dests were found at beltane, and the young penalties in 1681, “ that besides the parents, children, bro- own, then the trees were liable to be forfeited to the King, and thers, and sisters, and those of the family, there shall not be
the owner fiped. No man under a baron, or landed man, worth present above four witnesses." Then “ Anent the ordouring
a thousand merks of yearly free rent, was allowed to keep a of everie manois house»' Queen Mary enacted, “that, forsamei
horse “ at the hard meat," from the 15th of May to the 15th of kle as the Queenis Grace, the Lord Governour, and Lordes October, and the number to be kept in the intermediate period of Secret Council havand respect to the great and exorbitant
at hard meat was carefully regulated according to the rank of dearth, risen in this realme, of victualles and other stuffe, for
the party. Foot-ball and golf were prohibited under heavy pethe sustentation of mankinde, and dailie increasand, and un
nalties. * Men of simple estate that should be labourers were derstandand that the occasion thereof is the cause of the superfluous cheere used commonlie in this realme, alsweil required either to have balf an ox in the plough, or else delse
each day seven foot square." “ And each inan having a plough amongst small as well as great men, to the great hurt of the
of eight oxen was bound to sow yearly at least a firlot of w beat, commonweil of the same; und damnage to the body qubilkes half a firlot of pease, and fourty beans.” Did our limits permit, makes ane man unable to exercise all leiful and gude war kes necessar and for remeid hereof, and staunching of sik dearth, times to interfere with the private concerns of the subject might
many other instances of the itch our legislation had in early and exorbitant prices foresaidis, it is devised and ordained be given, but we have cited enough to answer the purpose we that no Archbishop, Bishops, nor Earles, have at his meate had in view. but aucht dishes of meate ; Nor na Abbot, Lord, Priour, nor
We laugh at such regulations at the present day. Deane, bave at his meate but six dishes of meate; nor na
in the Thames and docks is 1,100; together with 3,000 barges, The immediate site of the city of London is about forty-five employed in lading and unlading them ; 2,283 small craft enmiles from the sea, westward, in a pleasant and spacious valley, gaged in the inland trade ; and 3,000 wherries for the accommostretching along the banks of the Thames, which river, as it tows dition of passengers ; 1,200 revenue officers are constantly on through the metropolis, forms a bold curve or crescent. On the duty in different parts of the river; 4,000 labourers are emDorthern side, the ground rises with a quick ascent, and then more ployed in lailing and unlading; and 8,000 watermen navigate gradually, but unequally heightens to the north-west and west, the wherries and craft. The household troops, comprising which are the most elevated parts. On the south side of the three regiments of foot guards, containing about 7.000 men, river, the ground is nearly level, and was anciently an entire including officers, and two regiments of borse guards, consistmorass of many miles in extent;
this has been reclaimed ing of 1,200 nen, form the principal military establishment through the artificial embankment of the river, probably com. for the metropolis ; but none of these troops are permitted to menced by the Romans, which must have been the work of enter the city without especial leave of the Lord Mayor, ages. The average breadth of the river, in this part of its It is difficult to ascertain the exact number of churches and course, is from four to five hundred yards; its general depth chapels belonging to the establishment in the inetropolis, but it at low water, about twelve feet; but at spring tides it rises is not far short of 200. The nunber of reliy ous edifices befrom ten to twelve feet above that level. The tides used to longing to the Dissenters in the metropolis is above that pum. Aww to the distance of fifteen miles above London bridge, but ber. There are eighty chapels, or places of worship, for the insince the alteration at London bridge by the demolition of the dependents, among whom are included the Scotch Presbyteri. oli structure, it goes much higher. Considered in the aggre The Baptists have nearly fifty chapels; the Methodists, gate, London comprises the city and its liberties, with the city or followers of Whitfield and Wesley, twenty-three; the Uniand liberties of Westminster, the borough of South vark, and tarians, nine; the Arians, two; the Quakers, six; the Sweupwards of thirty of the contiguous villages of Middlesex and denborgians, four; the Huntingtonians, three; the SandeSurrey. The extent of this district is, from east to west, or monians, the Moravians, the New Lights, and the Freethinkers, from Poplar to Kensington, near eight miles; its breadth from have one chapel each. In the metropolis, there are six Jewish porch te south is very irregular, and may be said to vary from Synagogues, fifteen Roman Catholic chapels, and nineteen three to four miles. The circumference of this immense con foreign Protestant churches.- Partington's National Views, gregation of buildings may be estimated at about twenty miles. and History of London. The metropolis is computed to contain upwards of 60 squares, 12,090 streets, lanes, courts, &c. ; and the whole formed by
NORMANDY. near 300,000 buildings of various descriptions, as public struc Rouen is a noble city. It is situated on one edge of a most tares, churches, dwelling houses, warehouses, shops, &c. It delightful valley, and close on the Seine, which river may in. is a remarkable fact, that vegetation is earlier, by ien days or deed be said to pass through the city, für on the bank of the a fortnight, on the west and south-west sides of thie metropolis river, which is opposite to that on which stands the original than at the northern and eastern sides. The more prevalent city, there is a good deal of building, and much business done winds blow from the north-east and south-west ; and these, in ihe way of trade. On entering Rouen there appears to be with little variation, occupy about ten or eleven months in the as much life and stir as there is in Paris; the city is just such year: The thermometer sometimes rise; to above 80 degrees another place, excepting in respect to size. The looks of the of Fahrenheit's scale, very rarely to 84 degrees; but the com people here, as well as througliout the country parts of Normon summer heat is from 65 degrees to 75 degrees. In win inandy, constitute the most important circumstance in favour ter it sometimes falls to 15 degrees; but the most common of this province. Normandy, excepting in the particular of winter heat, when it freezes, is between 20 deyrees and 30 de climate only, says much more for France than all the rest of stees; it bas been known to fall below the point marked 0, the country that I lave seen. The land is by far the richest, but very rarely; the most frequent, when it does not freeze, is and the best cultivated; the houses (farm-houses, as well as between 40 degrees and 50 dey. "The annual temperature of others) are more solid, more clean, in the insides of them, and London is 5l deg. 9 min., or in round numbers, 52 'deg. 'l he kept in better general order. The people here, and those besituation of London is so very favourable, that springs, which longing to any other province through which I have passed, yield large quantities of water, are found on digging almost are as much unlike each other as though they belonged to two every where. In the year 1377, London is said to have con different nations. The men in Normandy are larger, better taided about 35,000 inhabitants. According to the census of made, and fresher looking. The women are much the prettiest 1801, London, at that time, contained 121,229 houses, inhabit I bave seen in France. They wear a cap (amongst the peasan
by 216,073 families, making 864,755 persons. In 151', try) that is quite a pattern of neatness. This cap is, in some it had increased to 1,099,104, and in 1821 to 1,225,964 persons parts of Normandy, very high in its shape, By the last census of 1831, it appears that a still further increase as thirty inches above the head, and it is so curious in other had taken place of no less than 248,105, thus making the present particulars of its fashion, that I should endeavour to give a population of the metropolis, 1,474,067. The number of oxen more minute description of it, if I were at all conversant in annually consumed in London has been estimated at 110,000, such matters. It is called in France, le bonnet cauchoix. The calves 50,000, sbeep 800,000, Jambs 250,000 hogs and pigs fashion belongs peculiarly to the women of the Pays de Caux, 200,000, besides animals of other kinds. Smithfield is the principal which forms one district of the province of Normandy, and market for the above articles ; and the total value of' butcher which Rouen stands just upon the borders of. The women of meat sold there annually is stated at L.8,000,000. There are, this district, who are called Cauchoises, are universally allowed on an average, annually brought to Bidingsgate market 2,500 to be the prettiest in France. On my road from London to cargoes of fish, of forty tons each, and about 2'),030 tons by Dover, through Kent, I did, however, see more beauty than land carriage; in the whole 120,000 tons.
The annual con I have seen in all the other parts of France put together, Paris sumption of wheat, in London, may be averaged at 900,000 included. The women that I have seen before I entered this quarters, each containing eight Winchester bushels; of porter province were not to be compared with those of Normandy, in and ale 2,000,000 barrels, each containing 36 gallons ; spirits point of neatness in their dress and general appearance. The and compounds 11,000,000 gallons ; wines 65,000 pipes ;' but- Normandy women have a good deal about them which answers ter 21,000,000 lbs. ; and cheese 26,000,000 lbs. The quantity the sense of the sord sindy :" a word which has so much of coals consumed is about 1,200,000 chaldrons, of 36 bushels, significance in our language, and which the French language is or a ton and a half to each chaldion. About 10,000 cows are a stranger to, and indeed need be a stranger to, as far as relates kept in the vicinity of the metropolis, for supplying the inhia to the greater part of the people whose habits I have had an bitants with milk, and they are supposed to yield nearly 7,900,000 opportunity to observe. i'he faces that appear under the bongallons every year; even this great quantity, however, is con nei cauchoix are very pretty. The cheeks of the Normandy siderably increased by the dealers, who adulterate it, bv at women are quite as rosy, though their complexions are not so least one-fourth, with water, before they serve their custorits. delicate, as those of English women. There are not, I have The Port, as actually occupied by shipping, extends from Lon noticed, so many black eyes here as I have seen elsewhere in don bridge to near Deptford, a distance of at least four miles, Prance; but (for I must say it, to be just) there are not so and is from four to five hundred yards in average breadth. many dirty faces ! The number of vessels belonging to this port, in September, There are some manufactories of cotton yarn, and of muslin 180), was ascertained, by the official documents laid before at this place. The men emploved in the factories earn from Parliament, to be 2,666, carryiny 568,262 tons, and 41,402 25 sous to :3 francs a-day, (23! 19d.) which, considering the price men. Comparing this number with the number returned in of food and raiment, is very high pay.. January, 1701-2, the increase will be seen to be astonishing. The giving of credit is much less in fashion in France than At that period the vessels amounted only to 560, carrying in England. Indeed the laws of France discourage it ; wisely, 84,882 tons, and 10,065 men. The average number of ships in my opinion ; but they do it at any rate. Traders must
sometunes as much