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the next in the file, which unlucky follower, thus erpectedly stand with her hands behind her, or folded over her bosom ;] checked in his career, fell plump backwards, knocking -.and sometimes, when she has a little touch of shyness, she down the rest of the line like a nest of card-houses. There
clasps them together on the top of her head, pressing down is no harm done ; but there they lie 'roaring, kickina, her shining curls, and looking so exquisitely pretty! Yes, sprawling, in every attitude of comic distoris, while Jack
Rapley and Mayflower, sole authors of this calamits; sland
sweetest naïveté, if this very rose-tree was not intended
FROST. for you. For mel you have lost your senses, child; I JANUARY, 23.1.–At noon to-day, I and my white greş. have not the honour of knowing the gentleman.' But he hound, May-flower, set out for a walk into a very bauti. · knows your fondness for roses; I mentioned it one day beful world,-a sort of silent fairy-land, - creation of that fore him, the only time I ever met him, at Madame de matchless magician the hoar-frost. There had bech just S's. „ Is it not truc, sir, that my unfortunate favourite had anow enough to cover the earth and all its colours with one eaten up my mother's rose-tree?" I acknowledged it, and sheet of pure and uniform white, and just time each I related the course of education of my fifty rose-trees. since the snow had fallen to allow the hedges to be freid of
“ Madame de Belmont laughed heartily, and said she their fleecy load, and clothed with a delicate coating of rite, owed me a double obligation. Mademoiselle Amelia has the atmosphere was deliciously calm ; soft, even mild is given me my recompense for the diamond,' said I to her ; spite of the thermometer ; no perceptible air, but a stillness * I claim yours also, madam.' "Ask, sir, — Permission that might almost be felt : the sky, rather grey than blue. to pay my respects sometimes to you! ! Granted,' replied throwing out in bold relief the snow-covered roofs of our she, gaily; I kissed her hand respectfully, that of her village, and the rimy trees that rise above them, and the daughter tenderly, and withdrew. But I returned the next sun shining dimly as through a veil, giving a pale fair day and every day-I was received with a kindness that light, like the moon, only brighter. There was a silene, cach visit increased I was looked on as one of the family. too, that might become the moon, as we stood at our litt It was I who now gave my arm to Madame de Belmont to gate looking up the quiet street ; a sabbath-like pause it conduct her to the evening parties, she presented me as her work and play, rare on a work-day; nothing was aud.lt friend, and they were no longer dull to her daughter. New but the pleasant lum of frost, that low monotonous goud Year's Day arrived. I had gone the evening before to a which is perhaps the nearest approach that life and a UV sheepfold in the vicinity to purchase a lamb similar to that can make to absolute silence. The very waggons, as they I had killed. I collected from the different bot-houses all come down the hill along the beaten track of crisp Fellor the flowering rose-trees I could find; the finest of them was ish frost-dust, glide along like shadows; even May's house for Madam de Belmont; and the roses of the others were ing footsteps, at her height of glee and of speed, fall lke wreathed in a garland round the fleecy neck of the lamb. snow upon snow. In the evening I went to my neighbours, with my pre But we shall have noise enough presently ; May ban sents. Robin and the rose-tree are restored to life,' said stopped at Lizzy's door : and Lizzy, as she sat on the 1.2 1, in offering my homage, which was received with sensi- dow-sill, with her bright rosy face laughing through the bility and gratefulness. I also should like to give you a casement, has seen her and disappeared. She is comink, New Year's gift," said Madame de Belmont to me, if i No! The key is turning in the door, and sounds of es. but krew what you would best like.' "What I best like omen issue through the key-hole-sturdy “Let me orts, jah, if I only dared to tell you.' . If it should chance now and “I will gos," mixed with shrill cries on May and a to be my daughter-' I fell at her feet, and so did Amelia. me from Lizzy, piercing through a low continuous harangon, Well, said the kind parent, there then are your New of which the prominent parts are apologies
, chillaiza Year's gifts ready found : Amelia gives you her heart, and sliding, broken bones, lollypops, rods, and ginger-bromo I give you her hand. She took the rose wreath from off from Lizzy's careful mother. 6 Don't scratch the dar, the lamb, and twined it round our united hands. And my May! Don't roar so, my Lizzy! We'll call for you ** Amelia, continued the old professor, as he finished his anecdote, passing an arm round his companion as she sat be- go!" are the last words of Miss Lizzy
. Mem. Not to side him, 'my Amelia is still to my eyes as beautiful, spoil that child—if I can help it. and to my heart as dear, as on the day when our hands ther might have let the poor soul walk with us todas were bound together with a chain of flowers'."
Nothing worse for children than coddling. Nothing but
ter for chilbains than exercise. Besides, I don't fwliere ske A WINTER SKETCH.THE CARPENTER'S has any ; and, as to breaking her bones in sliding, I don't DAUGHTER.
suppose there's a slide on the common. These murmurir, cogitations have brought us up the bill, and hall-way across
the light and airy common, with its bright expanse of the † Next door lives a carpenter " famed ten miles round, and its cluster of cottages, whose turf fires send such wortella and worthy all his fame,"_few cabinet-makers surpass of smoke sailing up the air, and "diffuse such aromatit irr him, with his excellent wife, and their little daughter Lizzy, grançe around. And now comes the delightful sout en the plaything and queen of the village
, a child three years childish voices, ringing with glee and merriment also freuen old according to the register, but six in size, strength, and beneath our feet. intellect, in power and in self-will. She manages every They are shouting from that deep irregular pool, an phao
Ah, Lizzy, your mother was right! body in the place, her schoolmistress included ; turns the now, where, on two long, smooth, liny slides
, half-a-dcza. wheeler's children out of their own little cart, and makes ragged urchins are slipping along in tottering triumping them draw her ; seduces cakes and lollipops from the very Half-a-dozen steps brings us to the bank right and then shop window ; makes the lazy carry her, the silent talk to them. May can hardly resist the temptation of joining bos her, the grave romp with her; does any thing she pleases; friends ; for most of the variets are of her acquaintante
, is absolutely irresistible. Her chief attraction lies in ber especially the rogue who leads the slide,
—he with the brim exceeding 'power of loving, and lier firm reliance on the less hat
, whose bronzed
complexion and white flaxen kan love and indulgence of others. How impossible it would reversing the usual lights and shadows of the human town be to disappoint the dear little girl when she runs to meet tenance, give so strange and foreign a look to his fata you, slides her pretty hand into yours, looks up gladly in comic features. This hobgoblin, Jack Rapley by names help it. Another part of her charm is her singular beauty steep irregular descent, her black eyes fixed full upon his your face, and says, “ Come ! --You must go ; you cannot May's great crony ; and she stands on the brink om te she has something of his square, sturdy, upriglat form, with | she does ; she is down, and upon him:
but Jack Rapeles il round laughing face, sunburnt and rosy, Large merry blue and in the moment of her leap sprang dexteritud etiam ance. She has the imperial attitudes too, and loves to Linzy queen of the village !
But I do think her ne
BY MISS MITFORD.
apart from the throng, fondling and coquetting, and com. side, water which even his long bill and slender head can plimenting each other, and very visibly laughing, May in hardly reach, só nicarly do the fantastic forms of those gar. her black eyes, Jack in his wide close-shut mouth, and his land-like 'icy margins meet over the tiny stream beneath. whole monkey-face, at their comrades' mischances. I think, It is rarely that one sees the shy beauty so close or so long; Miss May, you may as well come up again, and leave and it is pleasant to see him in the grace and beauty of Master Rapley to fight your battles. He'll get out of the his natural liberty, the only way to look at a bird. We scrape. He is a rustic wit
_a sort of Robin Goodfellow-used, before we lived in a street, to fix a little board outside the sauciest, idlest, cleverest, best-natured boy in the parish ; the parlour-window, and cover it with bread-crumbs in the always foremost in mischief, and always ready to do a good hard weather. It was quite delightful to see the pretty turn. The sages of our village predict sad things of Jack things come and feed, to conquer their shyness, and do Rapley, so that I am sometimes a little ashamed to confess, away their mistrust. First came the more social tribes, before wise people, that I have a lurking predilection for the robin red-breast and the wren,” cautiously, suspici. him, (in common with other naughty ones,) and that I like ously, picking up a crumb on the wing, with the little keen to hear him talk to May almost as well as she does. bright eye fixed on the window ; then they would stop for “Come May!" and up she springs, as light as a bird. The two pecks : then stay till they were satisfied. The shyer road is gay now ; carts and post-chaises, and girls in red birds, tamed by their example, came next; and at last one cleaks, and, afar off, looking almost like a toy, the coach. saucy fellow of a blackbird—á sad glutton, he would clear It meets us fast and soon. How much happier the walkers the board in two minutes—used to tap his yellow bill look than the riders, especially the frost-bitten gentleman, against the window for more. How we loved the fearless and the shivering lady with the invisible face, sole pas- confidence of that fine, frank-hearted creature ! And surely tengers of that commodious machine! Hooded, veiled, he loved us. I wonder the practice is not more general. and bonneted, as she is, one sees from her attitude how “May! May! naughty May!” She has frightened away miserable she would look uncovered.
the kingfisher ; and now, in her coaxing penitence, she is Another pond, and another noise of children. More covering me with snow. sliding! Oh! no. This is a sport of higher pretension. Our good neighbour, the lieutenant, skaiting, and his own
A SINGULAR STORY. pretty little boys, and two or three other four-year-old A chieftain, whose large estates were forfeited in the re. elre standing on the brink in an ecstacy of joy and won. bellion of 1715, received at St. Germains, from the confi. der!" Oh, what happy spectators! And what a happy dential agent of a powerful nobleman, intelligence that his performer! They admiring, he admired, with an ardour grace had obtained a grant of the lands from government, and sincerity never excited by all the quadrilles and the and would make them over to the young heir, on condition spread-eagles of the Seine and the Serpentine. He really of paying an annual feu-duty, and a sum in ready cash, skaits well, though, and I am glad I came this way; for, much less than the value of the domains To restore his with all the father's feelings sitting gaily at his heart,, it hereditary estate to the heir, and to ensure a respectable must still gratify the pride of skill to have one spectator provision for his lady and ten younger children, the chiefat that solitary pond who has seen skaiting before. tain would have laid down his life with alacrity. He made
Now we bave reached the trees, the beautiful trees never every possible exertion; all his friends, and even the exiled 10 beautiful as to-day. Imagine the effect of a straight and Prince, contributed in raising the amount demanded. He regular double avenue of oaks, nearly a mile long, arching was known to be a man of scrupulous honour ; and when over head, and closing into perspective like the roof and the family regained this estate, they relied upon the lady tolumns of a cathedral, every tree and branch encrusted making remittances to pay the loan by instalments
. Sewith the bright and delicate congelation of hoar frost, white curely to convey the ransom of his late property, the chiefand pure as snow, delicate and defined as carved ivory. tain resolved to hazard liberty and life, by ventnring to the How beautiful it is, how uniform, how various, how fill. kingdom from whence he was expatriated. He found means ing, how satiating to the eye and to the mind -above to appoint at Edinburgh a meeting with his lady, directing all, how melancholy ! There is a thrilling awfulness, an her to lodge at the house of a clansman, in the Luckenintense feeling of simple power in that naked and colourless booths. On arriving, there, she would easily comprehend beauty, which falls on the heart like the thought of death why he recommended a retreat so pror. The lady set out death pure, and glorious, and smiling,—but still death. on horseback unattended, leaving her children to the care Sculpture has always the same effect on my imagination, of her mother-in-law. In those times such a journey was and painting never : Colour is life. We are now at the end more formidable than now appears an overland progress to of this magnificent avenue, and at the top of a steep emin India. To the lady it would have cost many fears, even if ence commanding a wide view over four countiesa land- her palfrey was surrounded by running footmen, as for. scape of snow. A deep lane leads abruptly down the hill; merly, when feudal state pertained to her husband; but she a mere narrow cart-track, sinking between high banks would not place in competition with her safety, an exempclothed with fern, and furze, and low broom, crowned with tion from danger and discomfort to herself. He had by luxuriant hedgerows, and famous for their summer smell of two days preceded her at Edinburgh, and bore the disguise thyme How lovely these banks are now !-the tall weeds of an aged mendicant, deaf and dumb. His stature, above and the gorse fixed and stiffened in the hoar frost, which the common height, and majestic mien, were humbled to fringes round the bright prickly holly, the pendant foliage the semblance of bending under a load of years and infirof the bramble, and the deep orange leaves of the pollard mity; his raven locks, and even his eyebroirs, were shaven; Gaks! Oh, this is rime in its loveliest form! And there his head was enveloped by an old grisly wig and tattered 13 still a berry here and there on the holly, “ blushing in night-cap; the remnant of a handkerchief over his chin its natural coral” through the delicate tracery; still a stray hid the sable beard, which, to clude detection, was further bip, or haw for the birds, who abound here always. The covered by a plaster. His garments corresponded to his squapoor birls, how tame they are, how sadly tame! There lid head-gear. O how unlike the martial leader of devoted an the beautiful and rare crested wren, “that shadow of a bands, from whom she parted in agonies of anxiety, not unbird, 29 White of Selbourne calls it, perched in the middle relieved by hope. A daughter of this affectionate pair at. to the hedge, nestling as it were amongst the cold bare boughs, tempted to give the writer some idea of their meeting, as
eking poor pretty thing, for the warmth it will not find related by her mother after she became a widow ; bat lanAnd there, farther on, just under the bank, by the slender" guage vainly labours to describe transporting joy, soon raules, which still trickles between its transparent fantastic chastened by sorrow and alarm. We leave to imagination marja of chin ice, as if it were a thing of life, there, with and feeling, a scene exquisitely agitating and pathetic. The a quilt scudding motion, flits
, in shori low fights
, the gor- chieftain explained his motive for asking the lady to make rus kingfisher, its
, magnificent plumage of scarlet and her abode in a chairman's house. Besides his tried fidelity, bine lashing .in the sun, like the glories of some tropical the old tenement contained a secret passage for escape, in bind. He is come for water to this little spring by the hill case of need; and he showed her, behind a screen, hung
| ings Banks in England, Wales, and Ireland, compiled frus ber) of investments : viz. L.3,597 in England; L4,047 in Wales, but in Ireland, there has been an increase to the amount of L.122,642.-The total amount of investments is in England, L.12,916,028 ;-in Wales, 1.349,794;-in
Total, L.14,311,647.— The total number of depositors, exclusive of Friendly and Charitable | Societies, is, in England, 374,169; (of whom 297,677 are
depositors under L.50)—in Wales, 10,374 ;-in Irelondo | 37,898. Total, 132,441 depositors; being an increas of
13,754 · The average amount of each depositor's lases
with wet linens, a door in the pannelling, the hinges of which
TO THE POLE-STAR. were so oiled, that he could glide away with noiseless
BY MRS. JOHNSTON E. movement. If it was his misfortune to be under such ne No gleam is on the roaring wave, cessity, the lady must seem to faint, and throw the screen
No Star is in the midnight skies ; against the pannels, while he secured the bolt on which de
The gathering tempests hoarser ravepended his evasion, and the chairman had exhausted his
STAR OF THE MARINER, ARISE! skill without being able to cure the creaking it occasioned.
While wild winds blend their melodies, The chieftain gave his cash to the lady, urging her not to To Thee our ardent vows we pour; delay paying the amount to his grace's confidential agent.
O guide us through the pathless seas, She complied, but checked all inquiry how the money came O guard us from the treacherous shore ! to her hands. The rights of the estate were restored to her, and three gentlemen of high respectability affixed their sig
STAR OF THE BRAVE! pale Beauty's eye natures to a bond, promising for the young chief, that
In wild alarm is rais'd to thee; whenever he came of age, he would bind himself and his
To thee she breathes the secret sighheirs to pay the feu-duty. The records were duly deposited
'O save my true love far at sea ! in a public office, and the lady hastened back to her lodg
From rock and shoal my sailor free; ings. The chieftain soon issued from behind the screen,
*Guide him from whitening waves afar, and the lady was minutely detailing how her business had
And bring him to his home and me, been settled, when stealthy steps in the passage warned the
* And thou shalt be my worshipp'd star!" proscribed to disappear; and the lady, sinking to the BRAVE MARINER ! Hebridean seas ground, dashed the screen against the pannelling. The
Have rock'd thy bark at summer's e'en ; common door was locked; but it soon was burst open by a When soft thou whistling woo'd the breeze, party of soldiers, led by an officer. The lady's swoon was
And thought on thy young love between ; now no counterfeit. A surgeon was called. She revived, Or view'd th' appointed margent green, and being interrogated, replied no human being was with And wish'd that pale light would appear, her. The officer assured her, that he and several of the And called it loveliest star, I ween, soldiers saw, through a chink in the door, an old man in
In all thy northern hemisphere. close conversation with her. She then confessed that an
STAR OF THE NORTH! where'er he roves, apparition had endeavoured to persuade her he was com
To thee he turns in fond review; missioned to impart tidings of her husband, but the sol.
Sweet beacon of his early loves, diers interrupted them before the spirit could deliver the subject of his mission. Every part of the house had been
First seen 'mid ALBYN's mountains blue, searched while the lady lay insensible, and as no discovery
When life and all its joys were new, ensued, the tale she related passed current at Edinburgh,
And love and thou his only guide, and spread over the lowlands and highlands. It was not
As loud and shrill the night-winds blex, until the lady had a certainty of her husband's decease in a
And brave he stemm'd Cor'vrekan's tide. foreign land, that she told her daughters how successfully LOVED WANDERER! from thy Highland boux, she had imposed on their enemies ; and surely no story of Who crossed the deep for Indian gold, an apparition has been seemingly better attested. B. G. Condemn'd in sunny lands to roam,
Where nothing but the heart is cold,
O, well canst thou thy pang unfold,
When sunk the POLE-STAR down on carily
Measuring the liquid lapse that rolld
Between thee and thy father's hearth.
But cheerly, cheerly, gallant heart !
Scotland and bliss await thee still :
Well hast thou play'd the manly part,
Spurning at temporary ill.
Rise! visions of his father's hill,
And sooth him with the scenes afar;
With lovely hopes his bosom fill,
Rise on his soul, thou NORTHERN STAR!
Fond will he watch thee o'er the bow,
Steal from the blue and billowy main,
And greet thee with the kindly glow,
That wiles our wanderers back agen,
From golden clines of stranger men,
From toil, and strife, and grandeur far,
To sun their age in Highland glen,
Then sleep beneath their NORTHERN STAR!
An' a life o' unfadin' glory's begun!
, since She was leavin' a world o'sin an wae,
1830, a small decrease in the amount (but not in the main
As the linty that sang on the flowery lea,
Ireland, L. 1,046,825.
I've seen them a' to the kirkyard borne :
I'm left i' the world, my lane to mourn.
W. D. inent is thirty pounds.
FRENCH AND ENGLISH WOMEN.
COLUMN FOR THE LADIES. the chest, and thus lay the foundation of many pectoral
diseases. The female form, at least in youth, requires no
artificial aid to improve it. Who would think of putting The national portraits we are about to present are at stays on the Venus de Medicis ?-Beale's Observations on tributed to Mirabeau, and internal evidence bears out the the Spine. tatement
WINTER FASHIONS. THE FRENCH WOMAN.-When a French lady comes Plain merinos and washing silks are fashionable in home afo a room the first thing that strikes you is, that she dress. We observe, however, that merino, even of the very Falks better, has her head and feet better dressed_her finest kind, is seldom worn but for dishabille. We must except lothes better fancied and better put on, than any woman the printed ones, which are sometimes adopted in half dress. ou have ever seen. When she talks, she is the art of the favourite form for plain merino dresses is a body made like leasing personified. Her eyes, her lips, her words, her
that of a habit, with a velvet collar and facings, either black, or estures, are all prepossessing. Her language is the lan.
to correspond, and sometimes a narrow velvet cuff. The sleeves trage of amiableness_her accents are the accents of grace vagant fulless at top is divided in the middle,
so as to form two
are tight to the lower part of the arm, but in general the extra-the embellishes a trifle_interests upon nothing—she very large puffs. Washing silk dresses have the body made bigla attens a contradiction—she takes off the insipidness of a in the back of the neck, but rather open on the bosom. The supliment by turning it elegantly—and when she has a prettiest are those trimmed in the shawl style with velvet ; it lind she sharpens and polishes the point of an epigram forms a straight-falling collar behind, slopes down almost to a Etter than all the women in the world. Her eyes sparkle point on each side of the breast, and, if cut, as is sometimes the ith spirit-the most delightful sallies flash from her fan. to resemble frogs, or, as they are fashionably styled l-in telling a story she is inimitable the motions of her Brandelburgs, has a very dressy look. Caps are very fashionable ddy, and the accents of her tongue, are equally genteel in home dress; the prettiest are of plain tulle, with the trimnud easy-an equable flow of sprightliness keeps her con- ming of the front turning back as usual at the sides, but partiantly good-humoured and cheerful, and the only objeots by a bandeau of ribbon, which terminates in a full knot behind
ally descending in the centre of the forehead, where it is crossed her life are to please and be pleased. Her vivacity may the trimming on one side. A very light koot composed princimetimes approach to folly—but perhaps it is not in her pally of ends is placed on the trimming in front. ements of folly that she is at least interesting and agree Satin is now the material most in favour for matrons in evende. English women have many points of superiority ing dress. A good many gowns have the skirt bordered with a er the French--the French are superior to them in many band or rouleau of sable, real or mock, for we perceive that the bers. Here I shall only say, there is a particular idea latter is once more in favour. We have seen, in a few instances which no woman in the world can compare with a
that half high bodies crossing in drapery folds before, were rench woman—it is in the power intellectual irritation, bordered with smaller rouleaus, as were also the bottom of sleeves, he will draw wit out of a fool. She strikes with such ad. but velvet is more generally employed. Some dresses that have less the chords of self-love, that she gives unexpected vi- lappel of the shawl kind, cut round in points, which fall low
no trimming round the border have the body decorated with a or and agility to fancy, and electrifies a body that ap- upon the shoulder, and pass in front under the ceinture ; they are irs non-electric
of the material of the dress, and trimmed with blood lace. This ExGLISH WOMEN.-I have mentioned here the women is an elegant style of body, but it displays the bosom so much Eugland, and I have done wrong. I did not intend it that a chemisette (our mammas called it a tucker) ought to be hen I began the letter. They came into my mind as the always worn with it.
Wy women in the world worthy of being compared with There is quite a rage for blond lace caps in evening dress. - lose of France. I shall not presume to determine whether Berets are fashionable, but not so much so. i the important article of beauty, form and colour are to
We do not forget that our pretty young readers will want
The materials for these preferred to expression and grace, or whether grace and ball dresses for this festive season.
are crape and different kinds of figured gauze. The most ele. spression are to be considered preferable to complexion and gant are those tbat have the bodies cut square and low, disposed kape. I shall not examine whether the piquant of France in full folds across the front, and trimmed with a double fall of ito be thought superior to the touchant of England ; or blond lace round the back and shoulders. Short sleeves, exhether deep sensibility deserves to be preferred to anima- ceedingly wide, confined to the arm by a parrow satin rouleau, on and wit. So important a subject requires a volume. edged with blond lace laid flat. Many of those dresses are made skall only venture to give a trait. If a goddess could be without trimming round the border, others have a light flounce, pposed to be formed, compounded of Juno and Minerva, which is laid on so that the upper edge forms a row of points, at goddess would be the emblem of the women of this to each of which is appended a knot of ribbon, or a sprig of tantry (England.) Venus, as she is
, with all her ania- flowers, according to the fancy of the wearer. The head dress eness and imperfections, may stand justly enough for an
must be of hair, in the style we have recently described, adorned ablem of French women. I have decided the question don pride, pinks, jessamines, and roses.
with flowers ; the most fashionable are larkspurs, dahlias, Lowithout intending it, for I have given the perfections to
Fashionable colours are fire colour, dark blue, soot colour, de women of England. One point I had forgotten, and it cherry colour, orange : various shades of brown and green. a material one. It is not to be disputed on—for what I Light colours, as rose, straw colour, &c. &c. are worn in even
going to write is the opinion and sentiment of the uni- ing dress only, but we also see very full colours adopted in irse. The English women are the best wives under Hea- evening dress, particularly by matrons. and shame be on the men who make them bad hus.
WONDERS OF PHILOSOPHY.—The polypus, like the anda.
fabled hydra, receives new life from the knife which is Tight Lacing. --Tight lacing not only prevents a due lifted to destroy it. The fly-spider lays an egg as large as evelopment of the muscles by pressure, but, by fixing into itself. There are four thousand and forty-one muscles in a ae immovable mass the ribs and vertebræ of the back, caterpillar. Hook discovered fourteen thousand mirrors in Midi, more especially in youth, should have free motion on the eye of a drone; and to effect the respiration of a carp, ich other, makes the whole upper part of the body a dead thirteen thousand three hundred arteries, vessels, veins, and pright on the vertebræ of the loins, which, in consequence, bones, &c. are necessary. The body of every spider contains ive way to one or other side, and lateral curvature is pro- four little masses pierced with a multitude of imperceptible
ed. Not only does tight lacing act directly in this man holes, each hole permitting the passage of a single thread ; **, but indirectly it operates in diminishing muscular all the threads, to the amount of a thousand to each mass, rigour by impeding respiration. It is well known that join together, when they come out and make the single nascular power bears a relative proportion to the produce thread with which the spider spins its web; so that what of respiration, animals having the highest development of we call a spider's thread consists of more than four thousand the respiratory organs, being the most powerful in muscular united. Lewenhoek, by means of microscopes, observed force, Tight stays compress the ribs together, and prevent spiders no larger than a grain of sand, who spun threads the play of the respiratory muscles ; when applied during so fine that it took four thousand of them to equal in magthe growth of the body, they prevent the development of nitude a single hair.
Booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Vendors
Bridge Street, Edinburgh; by JOHN MACLEOD, and ATKINSON & Q.
SAPPING AND MINING.
nothing, was well cultivated and fruitful; and the town of THE Siege of Antwerp bas made the above terms of more could have handed a fish from hand to hand, till it reached tlie
Wormia, so numerously inhabited with Indians, that they frequent use than as lovers of peace we admire. But as all Incas hand in Peru ; but that when the Spaniards laid siege kinds of knowledge is valuable, and may be useful, we lay to their city, the Indians, rather than yield to their meley, before our readers the following military account of the dug holes in the sand, and buried themselves alive. The
winds bad laid bare these self-made graves, and the meri process technically termed SAPPING :
lay with their broken bow's beside them, and the women There are three or four kinds_That employed by the with their distaffs and spinning-wheels Wafer brought French has been the plain sap. The sappers are divided away one of those desiccated bodies, that of a boy of teti into squads of eight. They debouch from the lodgments or years, but the superstitious sailors would not permit it to approaches, one behind the other, where there is a store of be kept on board. gabions, (cylindrical baskets about three feet high,) and MANY SLIPS BETWEEN THE CUP AND THE LIP, OR fascines or long faggots. The first man or leader of the
THE LORD CHANCELLOR's Pie. Since the elevation of sap, pushes before him a gabion stuffed with wool or cot- Henry Brougham to the Woolsack, a gentleman in Shefs ton, shot proof; under cover of this, he places an empty field, an ardent admirer of his Lordship, has been in the gabion to his right or left, then fills it with earth, digging habit of gracing the Noble Lord's table at this season of about eighteen inches deep, assisted by No. 2. This being the year with a Yorkshire pie, in size and contents not usdone, he rolls on his defence and places a second empty ga- worthy the tables of the Barons of old. This said pie, bion, which he fills in like manner. No. 2, deepens the after being prepared in the first style, and with much taste, eighteen inches to two feet by three wide. No. 3, deepens containing a goose, a turkey, a hare, a couple of rabbits, this to two feet six, and No. 4, to three feet, always throw. brace of patridges, ditto pheasants, ditto grouse, a tongue, ing the earth on the gabions, and over the side nearest the &c., was baked by Mr. Walker, in Fargate, where many defences Nos. 5, 6, 7, and 8, bring the gabions and fas had the pleasure of looking at the outside, without enjoying cines from the lodgment, and lay the latter on the top of the what was within. « There's many a slip between the cup former, pegging them down with pickets. Thus, with ga. and the lip,” was most grievously verified in this instanen
, bions three feet high, an excavation three feet deep, and before the removal of the pie for its final destination. On fascines or sand bags on the top, a parapet of seven to eight Saturday morning a servant girl called for it, previous to feet is obtained. The interstices between the gabions are its being packed for the metropolis ; she got it on her head, filled with earth, short fascines, or sand bags. As the first and whether from the tremendous weight, or the oversquad advances they are followed by a second, who improve whelming flavour of the combustibles, we know not, but the work. They again are followed by the working parties, unfortunately the Lord Chancellor's pie was upset before she who, being entirely sheltered, complete it, and extend the bad proceeded many hundred yards, the consequence of breadth of the trench to six, ten, or more feet, as may be which was an immense assemblage of unruly dogs
, two of necessary. This is not a techaical description, but it may which fought most desperately over the wreck, and otherserve to give some idea of the operation, and show its peril wise created such a row, that, but for the active exertiona for the sappers, who are, perhaps, working at pistol distance of the neighbours, the result might have been very serions T'he leading man is relieved every half hour, each taking In the meantime one escaped with part of the goose, a so the post of danger in his turn. They are paid an extra sum, cond with the turkey, a third with a hare, and so on
, til at so much per toise, and this sum increases in proportion as farther dispute was useless. So ended the pie riot, and, ** the sap approaches the crest of the glacis.
are happy to say, without any bloodshed. The descent into the ditch is not less perilous, and requir. THE BIBLE.-A great religious change is said to be ing extraordinary precautions. It is of two kinds—by a taking place in Germany. The Bible is read with avidity covered gallery, when the ditch is extremely deep, and a by the Roman Catholics ; and the clergy of this religion cielcouvert when it is shallow or filled with water. The are, in many parts of the country, making strenuous efforts latter has been adopted at S.. Laurent. At the distance of for the abolition of celibacy, and for liberty to read the 70 or 80 yards the sappers commence cutting a trench, Mass in German. In various instances they have turned which gradually descends at the rate of about one foot in Protestants, with a great portion of their flocks. But the four, but this must be regulated by the depth of the
ditch. most important event is the formation of an Anti-Papel As the excavation proceeds the top is covered with beams, Catholic Community at Dresden, which is likely to become hurdles, and fascines, and the side supported with planks, the nucleus of a very numerous sect. If we couple this until it reaches the revetment of the counterscarp. The with a growing desire among the Protestants of that even whole is then widened, strengthened, and improved. The try to introduce more ceremonies into their religious won revetment is then knocked in, fascines and sand bags thrown ship, a re-union of the two Churches seems not among iniin great quantities into the ditch, so as to form an artificial possible things. bottom, or a covered shot-proof raft lowered down and fixed to the revetment of the scalp or wall of the defence. The miner then crosses over, establishes himself in a hole,
Factory Children ................. and prepares the mine.
The Bourgeois of Paris, a Sketch.. These operations, however dangerous in appearance, are Wages in England in the Fourteenth Century.................ll generally performed with comparatively trifling loss.
On the Cultivation of Hemp
Churches for the Rich..
......... ORIGINAL AND SELECTED.
Random Records of Returns to Parliament..
ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT_Value of Literary Men Literature in CITY OF THE DEAD.— The following striking anecdote England-Education of the People....... is recorded by Lionel Wafer, a surgeon, who sailed with THE STORY-Teller-The Rose in January, a German Tale.... the Buccaneers in the South Sea :- At a solitary place on
A Winter Sketch-The Carpenter's Daughter..........
A Singular Story...... the Coast of Peru, named Vermejo, the surgeon landed with The Friendless One-The Pole Star, by Mrs Johnstone..... a party of Buccaneers, and marched, in search of water, COLUMN FOR THE LADIES--French and English Worei - Tight
Lacing.... four miles up a sandy bay. It was found strewed with the
Sapping and Mining......... dead bodies of men, women, and children, which, to appear. SCRAPS-City of the Dead, &c.... ance, seemed as if they had not been a week dead, yet when handled they proved dry, and light as cork or sponge. The
Epixdurgu: Printed by and for Jong JONSSTONE, 19, St. Jamento
Square.--Published by JONN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, As, Natt Buccaneers were afterwards told by an old Spanish Indian, that in his father's time, the soil here, which now yielded Cheap Periodicals
CONTEXTS OF NO. XXIV.