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SKETCH OF PROFESSOR WILSON.
blood, arrogate the rights of dean in the chapter of his asBY MR. DE QUINCEY.
sociates ; or at least I know of but one person whose title (In a Letter to an American Gentleman.)
can probably date earlier than mine. About this very MY DEAR L. Among the lions whom you missed by month when I am writing, I have known Professor Wilson one accident or another on your late travels in Europe, I ob. for a cycle of twenty years and more, which is just half of serve that you recur to pone with so much regret as Pro. his life—and also half of mine ; for we are almost ad apicem fessor Wilson ; you dwell upon this one disappointment as
of the same age : Wilson being born in May, and I in Au. a personal misfortune ; and perhaps with reason ; for, in gust, of the same memorable year. the course of my life, I have met with no man of equally My introductton to him-setting apart the introducee varied accomplishments, or, upon the whole, so well en himself-was memorable from one sole circumstance-vit. titled to be ranked with that order of men distinguished by the person of the introducer. William Wordsworth it was, brilliant versatility and ambidexterity-of which order we who, in the vale of Grasmere, if it can interest you to krok find such eminent models in Alcibiades, in Cæsar, in Crich the place, and in the latter end of 1808, if you can be supe ton, in that of Seryan recorded by Sully, and in one or two | posed to care about the time, did me the favour of making Italians. Pity that you had not earlier communicated to me known to John Wilson, or as I might say (upon the me the exact ronte you were bound to, and the particular Scottish fashion of designating men from their territorial succession of your engagements when you visited the Eng- pretensions) to Elleray. I remember the whole scene as ligh Lakes ; since, in that case, my interest with Professor circumstantially as if it belonged to but yesterday. : In the Wilson (supposing always that you had declined to rely vale of Grasmere—that peerless little vale which yon, and upon the better passport of your own merits as a naturalist) Gray the poet, and so many others have joined in aumiting would have availed for a greater thing than at that time as the very Éden of English beauty, peace, and pastoral stood between you and the introduction which you coveted. solitude, you may possibly recal, even from that flying On the day, or the night rather, when you were at Bowness glimpse you had of it, a njodern house called Allan Bank, and Ambleside, I happen to know that Professor Wilson's standing under a low screen of woody rocks which descend business was one which might have been executed by proxy, from the hill of Silver How, on the western side of the lake though it could not be delayed ; and I also know that, This house had been then recently built by a worthy merapart from the general courtesy of his nature, he would, chant of Liverpool ; but for some reason of no importance at all times, have an especial pleasure in waiving a claim to you and me, not being immediately wanted for the of business, for one of science or letters in the person of a family of the owner, had been let for a term of three years foreigner coming from a great distance ; and that, in no to Mr. Wordsworth. At the time I speak of, both Mr. other instance would he make such a sacrifice so cordially Coleridge and myself were on a visit to Mr. Wordsworih; as on behalf of an able naturalist. Perhaps you already and one room on the ground noor, designed for a breakfast. know from your countryman Audubon, that the Professor ing-room, which commands a sublime view of the three is himself a naturalist, and of original merit ; in fact, mountains, Fairfield_Arthur's Chair-and Seat Sandal worth a score of such meagre bookish naturalists, as are the first of them within about 400 feet of the highest formed in museums and by second-hand acts of memory: mountains in Great Britain,) was then occupied by Mr. having (like Audubon) built much of his knowledge upon Coleridge as a study. On this particular day, the sun har. personal observation. Hence he has two great advantages; ing only just set, it naturally happened that Mr. Coleridge one, that his knowledge is accurate in a very unusual de
--whose nightly vigils were long-had not yet come down gree ; and another, that his knowledge, having grown up to breakfast ; meantime, and until the epoch of the Colounder the inspiration of a real interest and an unaffected ridgian breakfast should arrive, his study was lawfully dis. love for its objects—commencing, indeed, at an age when posable to profaner uses. Here, therefore, it was, that, no affectation in matters of that nature could exist–has opening the door hastily in quest of a book, I found seated, settled upon those facts and circumstances which have a and in earnest conversation, two gentlemen one of them true philosophical value : habits, predominant affections, my host, Mr. Wordsworth, at that time about 37 or 38 the direction of instincts, and the compensatory processes years old ; the other was a younger man by good 16 or 17 where these happen to be thwarted, -on all such topics he years, in a sailor's dress, manifestly in robust health-feris learned and full; whilst, on the science of measurements vidus juventá, and wearing upon his countenance a powerand proportions, applied to dorsal-fins and tail-feathers, and ful expression of ardour and animated intelligence, mixed on the exact arrangement of colours, &c. that petty up-with much good nature. « Mr. Wilson of Elleray' holstery of nature, on which books are so tedious and ela- | delivered, as the formula of introduction, in the deep tones borate_not uncommonly he is negligent or forgetful. What of Mr. Wordsworth at once banished the momentary sur. may have served in later years to quicken and stimulate his prise I felt on finding an unknown stranger where I had erknowledge in this field, and, at any rate, greatly to extend it, pected nobody, and substituted a surprise of another kind: is the conversation of his youngest brother Mr. James I now well understood who it was that I saw ; and Wilson, who (as you know much better than I) is a na there was no wonder in his being at Allan Bank, Elleray turalist majorum gentium. He, indeed, whilst a boy of not standing within nine miles ; but (as usually happens in more than sixteen or seventeen, was in correspondence (I such cases,) I felt a shock of surprise on seeing a person 50 believe) with Montague the Ornithologist ; and about the little corresponding to the one I had half unconsciously pre same time had skill enough to pick holes in the coat of Mr. figured. Hüber, the German reformer of our then erroneous science And here comes the place naturally, if any where, for a of bces.
description of Mr. Wilson's person and general appearance You see, therefore, that no possible introduction could in carriage, manner, and deportment ; and a word or two have stood you more in stead than your own extensive I shall certainly say on these points, simply because I know knowledge of Transatlantic ornithology. Swammerdam that I must, else iny American friends will complain that I passed his life, it is said, in a ditch. That was a base, have left out that precise section in my whole account which earthly solitude,—and a prison. But you and Audubon it is most impossible for them to supply for themselves by have passed your lives in the heavenly solitudes of forests any acquaintance with his printed works. Yet suffer me and savannahs ; and such solitude as this is no prison, but before I comply with this demand, to enter one word of infinite liberty. The knowledge which you have gathered private protest against the childish (nay, worse than childish has been answerable to the character of your school ; and -the Missy) spirit in which such demands originate. From no sort of knowledge could have secured you a better wel my very earliest years, that is the earliest years in which come with Professor Wilson.-Yet, had it been otherwise, I I had any sense of what belongs to true dignity of mind, I repeat, that my intersst (as I flatter myself) would have declare to you that I have considered the interest which opened the gats of Elleray to you even at midnight ; for I men, growu men, take in the personal appearance of each am so old a friend of Mr. Wilson, that I take a pride in other, as one of the meanest aspects under which human
1.posing myælf the eldest ; and, barring relations by I curiosity commonly presents itself. Certainly I have the
came intellectual perception of differences in such things external appearanee : but exactly in the degree in which that other men have ; but I connect none of the feelings, these have any influence at all they must warp and disturb whether of admiration or contempt_liking or disliking, by improper biasses ; and the single case of exception, where which are obviously connected with these perceptions by such feelings can be honourable and laudable amongst the human beings generally. Such words as “ commanding ap- males of the human species, is where they regard such depearance," " prepossessing countenance," applied to the formities as are the known products and expressions of cri. figures or faces of the males of the human species, have no minal or degrading propensities. All beyond this, I care meaning in my ears ; no man commands me, no man pre- not by whom countenanced, is infirmity of mind, and would possesses me, by any thing in, on, or about his carcass. be baseness if it were not excused by imbecility. What care I for any man's legsI laugh at his ridiculous Excuse this digression, for which I have a double reapresumption in conceiting that I shall trouble myself to son ; chiefly I was anxious to put on record my own opiadmire or to respect anything that he can produce in his nions, and my contempt for men generally in this particuphysics. What I shall I honour Milo for the very qualities lar; and here I seemed to have a conspicuous situation for which he has in common with the beastly ox he carries—his that purpose. Secondly, apart from this purpose of offence, thews and sinews, his ponderous strength and weight, and I was at any rate anxious, merely on a defensive principle, the quantity of thumping that his hide will carry? I dis. to screen myself from the obvious misinterpretation inci. claim and disdain any participation in such green-girl feel-dent to the case; saying any thing minute or in detail upon ings ! I admit that the baby feelings I am here condemning a man's person, I should necessarily be supposed to do so are found in connection with the highest intellects ; in par- under the ordinary blind feelings of interest in that subticular, Mr. Coleridge, for instance, once said to me, as a ject which govern most people ; feelings which I disdain. justifying reason for his dislike of a certain celebrated Now, having said all this, and made my formal protest, Scotsman, with an air of infinite disgust—“ that ugh ! liberavi animam meam ; I revert to my subject, and (making a guttural sound as if of execretion) he (viz. shall say that word or two which I was obliged to promise the said Scotsman) was so chicken-breasted.” I have been you on Professor Wilson's personal appearance. assured by the way, that Mr. Coleridge was mistaken in Figure to yourself, then, a tall man, about six feet high, the mere matter of fact ; but supposing that he were not, within half an inch or so, built with tolerable appearance what a reason for a philosopher to build a disgust upon ! of strength; but at the date of my description (that is, in And Mr. Wordsworth, in or about the year 1820, in ex. the very spring-tide and blossom of youth,) wearing, for the pressing the extremity of his Nil admirari spirit, declared predominant character of his person, lightness and agility, that he would not go ten yards out of his road to see the or (in our Westmoreland phrase) lishness ; he seemed finest specimen of man intellectually speaking) that Europe framed with an express view to gymnastic exercises of every had to show : and so far indeed I do not quarrel with his sort. opinion ; but Mr. Wordsworth went on to say that this in
"Αλμα, σοδωκείην, δισκόν, άκοντα, σαν" difference did not extend itself to man considered physically ; and that he would still exert himself to a small extent (sup- of that I am not equally certain) in the second, I after
In the first of these exercises, indeed, and possibly (but pose a mile or so) for the sake of seeing Belzoni. That wards came to know that he was absolutely unrivalled ; was the case he instanced ; and, as I understood him, not by way of a general illustration for his meaning, but that Black and others, on getting “ a taste of his quality," un
and the best leapers at that time in the ring, Richmond the he really felt an exclusive interest in this particular man's der circumstances of considerable disadvantage, (viz. after physics. Now, Belzoni was certainly a good tumbler, as I have heard ; and hopped well upon one leg, when surmount, fifty miles,] declined to undertake him.
a walk from Oxford to Moulsey Hurst, which, I believe, is
For this exercise ed and crested by a pyramid of men and boys : and jumped he had two remarkable advantages; it is recorded of Shefcapitally through a hoop ; and did all sorts of tricks in all field, Duke of Buckingham, that, though otherwise a handsorts of styles, not at all worse than any monkey, bear, or learned pig, that ever exhibited in Great Britain. And I
some man, he offended the connoisseurs in statuesque prowould myself have given a shilling to have seen him fight portions by one eminent defect—perhaps the most obtrusive with that cursed Tark that assaulted him in the streets of
to which the human figure is liable-viz. a body of length Cairo ; and would have given him a crown for catching the disproportioned to his legs. In Mr. Wilson the proporcircumcised dog by the throat and effectually
taking the tious were fortunately reversed : a short trunk, and reconceit out of his Mahometan carcass : but then that would the noble science of leaping; the other half was afterwards
markably long legs, gave him one half of his advantages in have been for the spectacle of the passions, which, in such a casc; would have been let loose ; as to the mere animal pointed out to me by an accurate critic in these matters as Belzoni,(who after all was not to be compared to Topham of which is arched, and the back of the heel strengthened in
lying in the particular conformation of his foot, the instep the Warwickshire man, that drew back by main force a
so remarkable a way that it would be worth paying a cart, and its driver and a strong horse,) as to the mere animal Belzoni, I say, and his bull neck, I would have penny or so for a sight of them. It is really laughable to much preferred to see a real bull or the Darlington ox. displayed in connexion with their powers-real or fancied
think of the coxcombry which eminent men of letters have The sum of the matter is this : all men, even those who are
in this art. Cardinal du Perron vapoured to the end of most manly in their style of thinking and feeling, in many his life upon some remarkable leap that he either had acthings retain the childishness of their childish years : no complished, or conceived himself to have accomplished, man thoroughly weeds himself of all. And this particular mode of childishness is one of the commonest, into which of the Perroniana rings with the echo of this stupend
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(not, I presume, in red stockings.) they fall the more readily from the force of sympathy, and because they apprehend no reason for directing any vigilance obviously fabulous as any feat of Don Bellanis of Greece.
ous leap—the length of which, if I remember rightly, is as against it.' But I contend that reasonably no feelings of Des Cartes also had a lurking conceit that, in some undeep interest are justifiable as applied to any point of ex. temal form or feature in human beings, unless under two
known place, he had perpetrated a leap that ought to im
mortalize him; and in one of his letters he repeats and acreservations ; first, that they shall have reference to woden; because women, being lawfully the objects of passions credits a story of some obscure person's leap, which and tender affections, which can have no existence as ap
“At one light bound high overleaped all bound" plied to men, are objects also, rationally and consistently, of of reasonable credulity. Many other eminent leapers might all other secondary feelings (such as those derived from be cited, Pagan and Christain: but the Cardinal, by his their personal appearance) which have any tendency to pro- own account, appears to have becu the flower of Popish mote and support the first. Whereas between men the leapers; and, with all deference to his Eminence, upon a highest mode of intercourse is merely intellectual, which is better assurance than that, Prefessor Wilson may be rated, not of a nature to receive support or strength from any feel at the time I speak of
, as the flower of all Protestant leapers. ings of pleasure or disgust connected with the accidents of Not having the Cardinal's foible of connecting any vanity
with this little accomplishment, knowing exactly what lence ensued; when, after some pushing and elbowing could, and what could not be effected in this department of through the crowd, William Adams, an elderly quarter. gymnastics, and speaking with the utmost simplicity and master, made his appearance in the front, and passed over candour of his failures and his successes alike, he might to the side where the officers stood, while the hisses of the always be relied upon, and his statements were constantly rest of the ship's company expressed their disapprobation of in harmony with any collateral testimony that chance hap- his conduct. The old man had just reached the other side pened to turn up.
of the deck, when, turning round like a lion at bay, with Viewed, therefore, by an eye learned in gymnastic pro one foot on the comings of the hatchway, and his arm raised portions, Mr. Wilson presented a somewhat striking figure ; | in the air to command attention, he addressed them in these and by some people he was pronounced with emphasis a few words: “ My lads, I have fought for my king five-andfine-looking young man; but others, who less understood, thirty years, and have been too long in his service to turn or less valued these advantages, spoke of him as nothing a rebel in my old age.” Would it be credited that, after extraordinary. Still greater division of voices I have heard the mutiny had been quelled, no representation of this conon his pretensions to be thought handsome. In my opi- duct was made to Government by his captain ? Yet such nion, and most certainly in his own, these pretensions were was the case, and such was the gratitude of Captain Abut slender. His complexion was too florid : hair of a hue The example shown by Adams was not followed; the ship's quite unsuited to that complexion ; eyes not good, having crew again cheered, and ran down the hatchways, leaving no apparent depth, but seeming mere surfaces ; and in fine, the officers and marines on deck. They first disarmed the no one feature that could be called fine, except the lower sentry under the half deck, and released the prisoners, and region of his face, mouth, chin, and the parts adjacent, then went forward to consult upon further operations. They which were then (and perhaps are now) truly elegant and were not long in deciding. A boatswain's mate, who was Ciceronian. Ask in one of your public libraries for that one of the ringleaders, piped, “ Stand by hammocks!" The little 4to edition of the Rhetorical works of Cicero, edited by men ran on deck, each seizing a hammock, and jumping Schutz, (the same who edited Æschylus,) and you will there with it down below on the main-deck. The object of this see (as a frontispiece to the 1st vol.) a reduced whole length maneuvre not being comprehended, they were suffered to of Cicero from the antique ; which in the mouth and chin, execute it without interruption. In a few minutes they and indeed generally, if I do not greatly forget, will give sent up the marine, whom they had disarmed when sentry you a lively iepresentation of the contour and expression of over the prisonera, to state that they wished to speak with Professor Wilson's face. Taken as a whole, though not the captain and officers, who, after some discussion, agreed handsome (as I have already said) when viewed in a quies. that they would descend and hear the proposals which the cent state, the head and countenance are massy, dignified, ship's company should make. Indeed, even with the aid and expressive of tranquil sagacity.
of the marines, many of whom were wavering, resistance (To be Continued.)
would now have been useless, and could only have cost them
their lives ; for they were surrounded by other ships who MUTINY AT THE NORE.
had hoisted the flag of insubordination, and whose guns THE irritated mind of Peters was stimulated to join the were trained ready to pour in a destructive fire on the least disaffected parties. His pride, his superior education, and sign of an attempt to purchase their anchor. To the main. the acknowledgment among his shipmates that he was an deck they consequently repaired. The scene which here injured man, all conspired to place him in the dangerous presented itself was as striking as it was novel. The after situation of ringleader on board of his own ship, the crew part of the main-deck was occupied by the captain and offiof which, although it had not actually joined in the mutiny, cers, who had come down with the few marines who still now showed open signs of discontent. But the mine was continued stedfast to their duty, and one sailor only, Adams, soon exploded by the behaviour of the captain. Alarmed who had so nobly stated his determination on the quarter. at the mutinous condition of the other ships which were deck. The foremost part of the deck was tenanted by a anchored near to him, and the symptoms of dissatisfaction noisy and tumultuous throng of seamen, whose heads only in his own, he proceeded to an act of unjustifiable severity, appeared above a barricade of bammocks, which they had evidently impelled by fear and not by resolution.
formed across the deck, and out of which, at two embra sures, dered several of the petty officers and leading men of the admirably constructed, two long twenty-four pounders, ship to be thrown into irons, because they were seen to be loaded up to the muzzle with grape and canister shot, were earnestly talking together on the forecastle,-and recollect- pointed aft in the direction where the officers and marines ing that his conduct towards Peters had been such as to were standing-a man at the breach of each gun, with a warrant disaffection, he added him to the number. The match in his hand, (which he occasionally blew, that the effect of this injudicious step was immediate. The men priming powder might be more rapidly ignited,) stood came aft in a body on the quarter-deck, and requested to ready for the signal to fire. The captain, aghast at the know the grounds upon which Peters and the other men sight, would have retreated; but the officers, formed of stert, had been placed in confinement; and, perceiving alarm in er materials, persuaded him to stay, although he shewed he countenance of the captain, notwithstanding the resolute such evident signs of fear and perturbation as seriously to itbearing of the officers, they insisted upon the immediate re jure a cause, in which resolation and presence of mind alone lease of their shipmates. Thus the first overt act of mu- could avail. The mutineers, at the suggestion of Peters, tiny was brought on by the misconduct of the captain. The had already sent aft their preliminary proposals, which were, officers expostulated and threatened in vain. Three cheers that the officers and marines should surrender up their arms, were called for by a voice in the crowd, and three cheers and consider themselves under an arrest,-intimating, at were immediately given. . The marines, who still remained the same time, that the first step in advance made by any true to their allegiance, had been ordered under arms; the one of their party would be the signal for applying the first lieutenant of the ship—for the captain, trembling and match to the touchholes of the guins. There was a pause confused, stood a mere cipher-gave the order for the ship's and dead silence, as if it were a calm, although every pascompany to go down below, threatening to fire upon them sion was roused and on the alert, every bosom heaved tu. if the order was not instantaneously obeyed. The captain multuously, and every pulse was trelled in its action. The of marines brought his men to the “ make ready," and they same feeling which se powerfully atieets the truant schoolwere about to present, when the first lieutenant waved his boy,—who, aware of his offence, and dreading the punishhand to stop the decided measure, until he had first ascer ment in perspective, can searce enjoy the rapture of momertained how far the mutiny was general. He stepped a few tary emancipation, –acted upon the mutineers, in an inpaces forward, and requested that every“ blue jacket," who creased ratio, proportioned to the magnitude of their stake. was inclined to remain faithful to his king and country, Some hearts beat with remembrance of injuries, and hopes would walk over from that side of the quarter-deck upon of vengeance and retaliation ; others with ambition, long which the ship's company were assembled, to the one which dormant, bursting from its concraled recess; and many was occupied by the officers and marines. A pause and si were actuated by that restlessness which induced them to
consider any change to be preferable to the monotony of these friends, where are they now? Alas, not one out of existence in compulsory servitude. Among the officers, some four then present is now in being. And when another such were oppressed with anxious forebodings of evil,-those pe period (ay, and a far shorter period) shall have passed culiar sensations which when death approaches nearly to the away, what other changes will not have taken place !" outward senses, alarm the heart ; others experienced no feel. ing but that of manly fortitude and deterinination to die, if
Full seven-and-twenty years have roll'd
Their course o'er Time's swift tide, necessary, like men; in others, alas !--in which party, small
Since at the altar I became as it was, the captain was pre-eminent--fear and trepida. tion amounted almost to the loss of reason. Such was the
Thy own, thy happy bride. state of the main-deck of the ship at the moment in which The anxious father, who consigu'd we are now describing it to the reader. And yet, in the
His daughter to thy care, very centre of all this tumult, there was one who, although And she who in the bloom of youth, not indifferent to the scene around him, felt interested with
With laughing eyes, was there,~ out being anxious astonished without being alarmed. Be
All, all who stood around that shrine, tween the contending and divided parties stood a little boy,
Save, dearest, us alone, about six years old. He was the perfection of childish
Where are their forms, their footsteps now? beauty; chestnut hair waved in curls on his forehead, health
O, whither have they gone ? glowed in his rosy cheeks, dimples sported over his face as he altered the expression of his countenance, and his large
Their troubles o'er, their cares forgot, dark eyes flashed with intelligence and animation. He was
Life's feverish vision fled, dressed in mimic imitation of a man-of-war's-man, loose
Unbroken slumber they enjoy trowsers, tightened at the hips, to preclude the necessity of
Among the silent dead. suspenders, and a white duck frock, with long sleeves and Come, let us now the blessings own blue collar, while a knife, attached to a lan-yard, was
Of years together passid, suspended round his neck; a light and narrow-brimed
Nor murmur though a cloud hath oft straw hat on his head, completed his attire. At times he
The azure sky o'ercast. looked aft at the officers and marines ; at others he turned his eyes forward to the hammocks, behind which the ship's
How many in their youth have suak
In Death's cold arms to sleep, company were assembled. The sight was new to him ; but
Or linger in this shifting scene, he was already accustomed to reflect much, and to ask few questions. Go to the officers he did not, for the presence of
To suffer, writhe, and weep! the captain restrained him. Go to the ship's company he How many, girdled round with joys, could not, for the barricade of hammocks prevented him.
And anxious yet to stay, There he stood, in wonderment, but not in fear. There
All heedless of each sunder'd tie was something beautiful and affecting in the situation of
The grave hath snatch'd away. the boy; calm, when all around him was anxious tumult; thoughtless, when the brains of others were oppressed with
We still survive ; each circling year the accumulation of ideas; contented, where all was dis
Hath crown'd our happy hearth, content; peaceful, where each party that he stood between With smiling faces, words of love, was thristing for each other's blood :-there he stood, the
And sounds of cheerful mirth. only happy, the only innocent one, amongst hundreds swayed by jarring interests and contending passions. And yet he
The good man's prayer“ Remove from me was in keeping, although in such strong contrast with the
All vanity and lies;
Nor give me poverty, nor yet, rest of the picture; for where is the instance of the human
O Lord, too rich supplies. mind being so thoroughly depraved as not to have one good feeling left ? Nothing exists so base and vile as not to « With food convenient feed me, lest have one redeeming quality. There is no poison without
In fulness I should say, some antidote-no precipice, however barren, without some Who is the Lord ? or lest I steal trace of verdure no desert, however vast, without some
Another's goods away." spring to refresh the parched traveller, some Oasis, some green spot, which, from its situation, in comparison with This virtuous prayer, in wisdom breathed, surrounding objects, appoars almost heavenly ;—and thus
Have we not long enjoy'd ? did the boy look almost angelic, standing as he did between
With food convenient ever fed, the angry, exasparated parties on the main-deck of the dis
With luxury uncloy'd. organized ship. After some little time, he walked forward,
What though the storm hath sometimes raged, and leant against one of the twenty-four ponnders that was
And boisterous been the weather, pointed out of the embrasure, the muzzle of which was ou a
Hath not each bitter blast but made level with, and intercepted by, his little head. Adams, the
Us closer cling together ? quarter-master, observing the dangerous situation of the child, stepped forward and saved him.
We've reached the summit of the hill,
Spring gone, and Summer waning:
Without a gloomy, anxious fear,
We'll tread the steps remaining.
Dear husband, hand in hand we'll go,
Virtue's fair paths adorning,
So shall the evening of our day
Be beauteous as the morning. tract from the letter of a mother to her son:-“ This is our wedding-day. Gratitude to the Giver of all goodness ought
Though each lov'd form depart, which grew) to be the predominant feeling of my heart; for during the
To manhood's prime around us, last seven-and-twenty years of my life, what blessings hath
And on our hearth we sit as lone He not bestowed upon me—what kindnesses I have expe
As our glad nuptials found us. rienced_svhat smiling, happy faces have cheered my hearth! My mind has wandered, the whole of the day,
There is a home of peace and rest, back to that important morning, when, encircled by friends,
Where hopes shall bloom--nowy blighted. I became a happy wife. As vividly as if it were an occur Where the fond circle, broken now, rence of yesterday, it passes before my mental view; but
In joy shall be united.
THE AUTHOR BY PROFESSION.
ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT.
forinity, and disease it would be! What hideous dwarfa and cripples! What dirt, and what revolting cravings!
and all these in connection with the most exquisite care He lies « stretched upon the rack of restless ecstasy;" | and pampering of the body. If many à conceited coxhe runs the everlasting gauntlet of public opinion. He comb could see his own mind, he would see a thing, the niust write on, and if he had the strength of Hercules, and like of which is not to be found in the meanest object the the wit of Mercury, he must in the end write himself down. world can present. It is not with beggary, in the most He cannot let well done alone. He cannot take his stand | degraded state, that it is to be compared, for the beggar on what he has already achieved, and say, “Let it be a has wants, is dissatisfied with his state, has wishes for en. durable monument to and mine, and a covenant joyments above his lot, but the pauper of intellect is con. betwveen me and the world for ever!” Ile is called upon for tent with his poverty ; it is his choice to feed on carrion, perpetual new exertions, and urged forward by ever-craving he can relish nothing else, he has no desires beyond the necessities. The wolf must be kept from the door; the filthy fare. Yet he piques himself that he is a superior printer's devil must not go empty-handed away. He being; he takes to himzelf the merit of his tailor, his inakes a second attempt, and though equal, perhaps, to the coachmaker, his upholsterer, his wine merchant, his cook ; first, because it does not excite the same surprise, it falls but if the thing were turned inside out, if that concealed tame and flat on the public mind. If he pursue the real nasty corner, his mind, were exposed to view, how degrad. bent of his genius, he is thought to grow dull and monotoning would be the exhibition. rous; or if he vary his style, and try to cater for the ca After all our vaunts of the progress of intelligence, the pricious appetite of the town, he either escapes by miracle, truth yet is, that the minds of the mass of our population, or breaks down that way amidst the shout of the multitude, like the bodies of the mass of the Irish natiou, are fed on and the condolcuce of friends, to see the idol of the moment the very lowest kind of food, easy of production in the pushed from its pedestal, and reduced to its proper level. poorest soils, and affording the slightest nourishment. There is only one living writer who can pass through this There is a potatoe diet of the press, which is a positive ordeal; and if he had barely written half what he has enemy of improvement; and it is not the labourer and done, his reputation would have been none the less. His the artizan who sit down content with it, but the gentry, inexhaustible facility makes the willing world believe there the fashionable, and their host of imitatore. In London, is not much in it. Still there is no alternative. Popu- every luxury is had or affected to be had for the body, and Jarity, like one of the Danaides, imposes impossible tasks dunghills yield the banquets for the mind. We often wish on her votary—to pour water into sieves, to reap the wind. that these things could be seen in kind ; that the man of If he does nothing, he is forgotten; if he attempts more professed nicety and taste could see the quality of the stuff than he can perform, he gets laughed at for his pains. He with which he regales his mind. The breakfast table is is inrelled by circumstances to fresh sacrifice of time, of la. laid out with every delicacy, and on it is a scavenger's cart bour, of self-respect; parts with well-earned fame for a filled with slabby noisome filth, the collection of the very newspaper puff, and sells his birth-right for a mess of pot- kennels, the rakings of all the nasty corners; the voluptage. In the meanwhile the public wonder why an au- tuary sips his chocolate, daintily picks his French pie, thor writes so badly and so much. With all his efforts while he fills his mind with that fetid mass, the cookery he builds no house, leaves no inheritance, lives from hand of the scavengers ! How fastidious is the stomach of this to mouth, and, though condemned to daily drudgery for a man! how unspeakably coarse, and worse than beastly, his precarious subsistence, is expected to produce none but intellect! No animal in the creation confines itself to filth works of first-rate genius. No: learning unconsecrated, only. The appetite for sheer ribaldry is unmatched in the unincorporated, unendowed, is no match for the importu-depravities of taste. We lately heard one of the would be nate demands and thoughtless ingratitude of the reading exquisites declare, that the paper of his choice was the most public.--Edinburgh Review.
scurrilous, and vulgar withal, of the London weekly papers, Men are qualified for civil liberty in exact proportion to and doubtless it was his only reading ; and a few minutes their disposition to put moral chains on their own appe- afterwards, he expressed his chagrin that some fine people tites; in proportion as their love to justice is above their had seen him get into a hackney coach at the door of a mapacity; in proportion as their soundness and sobriety of theatre! This man had no perception of the shabby way understanding is above their vanity and presumption; in in which he treated his mind. What a loathsome hack proportion as they are more disposed to listen to the coun- vehicle was that, to vrhich, without shame, he coinmited sel of the wise and good, in preference to the flattery of it! To a just intelligence, how degrading should be acknaves. Society cannot exist unless a controlling power counted such a sign of the poverty of the understanding, upon will and appetite be placed somewhere, and the less or of its preference of the mean and vile! He sighed for of it there is within, the more there must be without. It the luxury and show of the carriage for his person, but he is ordained in the eternal constitution of things, that men had no wishes for the mind above the garbage upon which of intemperate minds cannot be free. Their passions forge it regaled. In this respect he was destitute of the humtheir fetters.-Burke.
blest claims to respect and yet he was contented. He
knew not that his state of intelligence was below beggary : How much nicer people are in their persons than in their and that, if his fortunes corresponded with his understandminds. How anxious are they to wear the appearances of ing, he would be clothed in the foulest rags, and fed by the wealth and taste in the things of outward shew, while their sewers. . Might it not reasonably be expected that people intellects are all poverty and meanness. See one of the should take as much pride in the nicety of their minds as apes of fashion with his coxcombries and ostentations of in that of their persons ? The purity of the mind, the luxury. llis clothes must be made by the best tailor, his careful preservation of it from the defilement of loose or horses must be of the best blood, his wines of the finest grovelling thoughts, is surely as much a matter of necesflavour, his cookery of the highest rest ; but his reading is sary decency as the cleanliness of the body The coarse of the poorest frivolities, or of the lowest and most despic- clothing of the person is a badge of poverty : what, then able vulgarity. In the enjoyment of the animal senses he should be thought of the coarse entertainment of the is an epicure; but a pig is a clean feeder compared with his imagination ? what destitution does it argue ? and when mind: and a pig wouldeat good and bad, sweet and foul alike, it is seen, in connexion with all the luxuries of abundant but his mind has no taste except for the most worthless garb- wealth, how odious is the contest between the superfluities
The pig has no discrimination and a great appetite; of fortune and the pitiable penury of the understanding! the mind which we describe has not the apology of vora The mansion is spacious and elegantly furnished, but the city; it is satisfied with little, but the little must be of the soul of the occupier is only comparable to ita dust-hole
, worst sort, and every thing of a better quality is rejected by a dark dirty receptacle for ihe vilest trash and rubbish.it with disgust. If we could see men's minds as we see Taii's Edinhurgh Mayasine, for January, beir bodies, ni hat a spectacle of nakedness, destitution, de
HIGH LIVING AND MEAN THINKING.