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rental; and it is not too much to allege, that of all trades ing in very poetical language Snow, the red man and manufactures, agriculture is that which, in regard of sings, is beautiful in its season. It was nou hodhim, sitthe capital employed in it, is immeasurably behind. And who is to blame? Why is it, that in the present glut of ting with his lasses and his wives, to say nem kell he been capital, no more is applied to farming ? The answer is
a dry-stane diker he would have said nae sic thing. As for easy, for the blame rests with the LANDLORD. He, and he me, I never seesnaw at my window, but I lang to fa' asleep alone, by his narrow and blindly selfish Polieryhas done the againand I neer wists to stepower the doorstane, till i greed of the golden eggs has induced him so nearly to kill Allan Cunningham's Notes to “ Up in the Morning the goose. By his senseless and selfish law of hypothec, he has withdrawn his land from the field of free competition,
Early." and supplanted the capitalist, by the regardless and half
Some love the din o' the dancers' feet starved desperado. By his bellowing about the Corn Laws,
To the music leaping rarely; he has kept the country in a state of suspense, and every
Some love the kiss and the stolen word market wavering. And by that most admirable malcon
Wi' the lass that loves them dearly; trivance, the Entail Law, he has got up the most effective
But I love best the well-made bed, barrier to all improvement ever invented by the wit of
Spread warm, and feal, and fairly; man! This system he calls protecting agriculture, and it
For up in the morning's no for me, is because of his fears of their innovating upon this sys
Up in the morning early. tem-a system dear to him as the very apple of his eye —that he swears against Reformers and the Reform Bill. ON VEGETABLE STRUCTURE, AND THE BRITISH -Fife Herald.
OAK.-A knowledge of the internal structure of the vegetable body assists greatly in explaining the modifications
of its external form. All wood is tubular and cellular, and GOOD NIGHT! GOOD NIGHT!
the different weight, colour, taste, smell, &c. of oak, ebony, The sun is sunk, the day is done,
poplar, cedar, sandal, and so forthi, depend not on the ligE'en stars are setting one by one,
neous structure itself, but on the matter the cells contain ; Nor torch nor taper longer may
for, if ebony be steeped in any fluid which will dissolve Eke out the pleasures of the day;
the black matter with which its cells are filled, it will be And since in social glee's despite,
come as light and as pale as poplar. But to the example, It needs must be Good Night ! Good Night! There are two, if not three species of British oak, (the The bride into her bower is sent,
third species is by some, however, considered only a yarieiy:) And ribald rhyme and jesting spent ;
one of these alone produces strong and lasting timber fit for The lover's whispered words and few,
naval purposes, i. e. which will endure, unchanged, the tran. Have bade the bashful maid adieu ;
sitions from wet to dry, from heat to cold, and remain unThe dancing-floor is silent quite,
hurt between wind and water. This difference depends on No foot bounds there Good Night! Good Night! the tubes just mentioned conveying to the cells of which the
mass of wood consists, a substance different in solubility in The lady in her curtained bed,
the different species ; so that, when the timber of the one The herdsman in his wattled shed,
is wet, part of the inspissated extract is dissól red and borre The clansmen in the heathered hall
away; and when this is repeatedly done, the cells become Sweet sleep be with you, one and all !
more and more void, and the timber light and spongy, so We part in hopes of days as bright
that, during cold weather, the water within is freezing and be. As this now gone-Good Night! Good Night! coming expanded, the cells and tubes are ruptured, and
Joanna Baillie. consequently more readily let in fresh water and let out
the solid matter it dissolves ; and these successive crops of SCRAPS.
iciclos soon form chinks and rents, extending for many fect. Original and Selected.
Now, oak is frequently contracted for in building ships and
mill-work, flood-gates, locks, and so forth, merely as oak, A PLOUGH-DAY-OLD CUSTOMS.
and often, either froni ignorance or fraud, the perishable We like all old customs more or less, but especially those timber is purveyed instead of the enduring wood; but a which promote good neighbourhood, as the quiltings and knowledge of vegetable structure can, by the aid of a very
simple experiment, ensily detect the fallacy or fraud. huskings of our descendants in America, and the plough- Burnet's Botanical Lecture. day of the northern parts of Yorkshire, where it is customary to give a tenant, who enters on a new farm, the use of all the ploughs in the country round, to get the ground
CONTENTS OF NO. xx. ready to receive the seed. Eighty ploughs have been at one SAC-A late Adventure in the Queensferry Coach. of these friendly matches. The following preparations were
Triennial Parliaments-Old Speeches on ditto....
MEDICAL SELECTIONS-Influence of Dress on the Skin, Effects made by a farmer's wife for the entertainment of her hus.
of Cold Feet and Damp, &C......................... .*** band's assistants, at the close of their day's labour : A December Evening within doors..............30% Twelve bushels of wheat baked into loaves, and fifty-one On Ascertaining the prices of Grain, &c........310 rich currant dumplings. Upwards of two hundred pounds
The Good Old Times...
A Swiss Adventure-The Swiss Girl-The Boar Song........313 of beef, two large hams, fourteen pounds of peas in peas.
Tue STORY TELLER-The Two Scotch Williams............313 pudding. Three large Cheshire cheeses, and two Yorkshire Dan Donnelly's Trip to Paris-Heat....................318 cheeses, weighing twenty-eight pounds each, formed the des. Hints for Farmers &c........ ................gan19 sert to this national banquet of MERRY ENGLAND; the
Good Night! Good Night !........... whole washed down by ninety-nine gallons of ale, and two
SCRAPS-Original and Selected-Old Customs-Early Rising of rum, for drams. This ploughing feast was given near
in WinterOn Vegetable Structure, and the British Oak...190 Guesborough, about twenty years ago. It wanted nothing to make it complete, save the presence of William Cobbett.
EDINBURGA : Printed by and for JOHN GJORNSTONE, 19, St. James's
Square.-Published by JOUN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 5av North EARLY RISING IN WINTER.-A peasant of Nithsdale Bridge Street, Edinburgh.. by JOHN MACLEOD, and ATKINSONS
Co., Booksellers, Glasgow and sold by all Booksellers and Venders once expressed to me his horror at braving a winter's morn.
of Cheap Periodicals,
EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE, ,
CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.
THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD. LORD BROUGHAM.
No. 21.-Vol. I. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 22, 1832. PRICE THREE-HALFPENCE.
with boughs. Families take by turns to entertain their
friends. They meet early; the beef and pudding are noble; England was merry England, when
the mince-pies—peculiar; the nuts half playthings and Old Christmas brought his sports again,
half-eatables; the oranges as cold and acid as they ought "Twas Christmas broached the mightiest ale,
to be, furnishing us with a superfluity which we can afford 'Twas Christinas told the merriest tale;
to laugh at; the cakes indestructible; the wassail bowls A Christmas gambol oft would cheer
generous, old English, huge, demanding ladles, threatening A poor man's heart for half the year.
overflow as they come in, solid with roasted apples when
set down. Towards bed-time you hear of elder-wine, and Nor failed old Scotland to produce,
not seldom of punch. At the manor house it is pretty much At such high tide, her savoury goose.
the same as elsewhere. Girls, although they be ladies, are
kissed under the mistletoe. If any family among us hapA DELIGUTFUL volume could be collected of what pen to have hit upon an exquisite brewing, they send some is genial, beautiful, and full of the poetry of real of it round about, the squire's house included ; and he does life, written and spoken about this great social the same by the rest. Riddles, hot-cockles, forfeits, music, festival of the Christian world—this season of mer. dances sudden and not to be suppressed, prevail among riment that is more heart-felt than boisterous great and small; and from two in the day to midnight, M.
looks like a deserted place out of doors, but is full of feasts that are more social than stately, the time life and merriment within. Playing at knights and ladies of the knitting up of broken attachments, and of the last year, a jade of a charming creature must needs send me renewal of decaying intimacies; when the friends ont for a piece of ice to put in her wine. It was evening of youth are affectionately recalled, and old loves and a hard frost, I shall never forget the cold, cutting, freshly remembered. In our own country we have through the wiry trees, and the snow on the ground, con
dreary, dead look of every thing out of doors, with a wiod sometimes regretted that the severity of Presby- trasted with the sudden return to warmth, light and joviaterian discipline forbids that religion should min. lity. gle with, and lend its sanctions to the commemora
“I remember we had a discussion that time, as to what tion of Christmas, —what better preparation could Many were for mince-pie ; some for the beef and plum.
was the great point and crowning glory of Christmas. there be for the cheerful, social banquet of the pudding; more for the wassnil-bowl; a maiden lady ti. evening, than the temple-service of the morning ? midly said, the mistletoe; but we agreed at last, that alAnd then, what a time for levelling sermonsfrom a though all these were prodigious, and some of them excluminister, who feels the spirit, and comprehends sively belonging to the season, the fire was the great indisthe true genius of the Christian system. Sermons and began warming our already scorched hands. A great
pensable. Upon which we all turned our faces towards it, which should tell of the common origin, the common blazing fire, too big, is the visible heart and soul of Christ. lot, and the self-same destinies of men ; sharers in a You may do without beef and plum-pudding ; even common ruin, and inheritors of the same salva- the absence of mince-pie may be tolerated ; there must be tion! How appropriate the commemoration to ex.
a bowl, poetically speaking, but it nerd not be absolutely
But hortations to an enlarged and tender charity of wassail
. The bowl may give place to the bottle.
a huge, heaped-up, ouer heaped-up, all-attracting fire, with mind, to the preservation of the spirit of unity, a semicircle of faces about it, is not to be denied us. It is in the bond of peace, and to the cultivation of the the lar and genius of the meeting ; the proof positive of the graces and affections enjoined by the divine being, season; the representative of all our warm emotions and of whom the religious rites of Christmas, are bright thoughts; the glorious eye of the room ; the inciter
to mirth, yet the retainer of order; the amalgamater of the an affecting remembrance. Holding these opin- age and sex ; the universal relish. Tastes may differ even ions of the many fine things that have been said, on a mince-pie; but who gainsays a fire? The absence of and that might be said of Christmas-tide, we must other luxuries still leaves you in possession of that ; but admire the following Eliaean sketch, connecting
• Who can hold a fire in his hand cheering faith with cheerful practice :
With thinking on the frostiest twelfth-cake på “ In this spirit our pastor preaches to us always, but Let me have a dinner of some sort, no matter what, and most particularly on Christmas-day; when he takes occa then give me my fire, and my friends, the humblest glass of sion to enlarge on the character and views of the divine wine, and a few penn'orthis of chestnuts, and I will still person who is supposed then to have been born, and sends make ont my Christmas. What! Have we not Burgundy us hoine more than usually rejoicing. On the north side ) in our blood? Have we not joke, laughter, repartee, bright of the church at M. are a great many holly trees. It is eyes, comedies of oiner people, and commedies of our own from these that our dining and bed-rooms are furnished songs, memories, hopes ""
GERMAN CARISTMAB CUSTOMS HOUSEHOLD AFTECTION. ob 19. THE COURT OF SINDEO:
Coleridge, in the Friend, describes a German The silence which reignied within the fort formed a strong CHRISTMAS USAGE, which, to us, appears beautifully contrast to the noise and tumult without. After passing characteristic o. that domestic and sensible people. through some narrow streets, which were inhabited only by
the immediate retainers of the court, I found myself dr. The New Year's Day Gifts of the French, is expectedly among a crowd of well-dressed Sindintis, in a the same custom modified by the national charac.. large open area, the walls of which, on either "side,' vero ter of the Gallic race. “ The children,” says Cole- fancifully decorated with paintings, and the ground coverridge; “ make little presents to their parents, and ed with variegated carpets. At one end appeared three to each other, and the parents to their children. large arched doors with curtains of green baize, towards
one of which I was led by the vizier and another officer; For three or four months before Christmas, the and before I could collect iyself from the suddenness of the girls are all busy, and the boys save up their transition, my boots were taken off, and I stood in prepocket-money to buy those presents. What the sence of the Ameers. present is to be, is cautiously kept secret ; and the The coup d'ail was splendid. I had an opportunity of girls have a world of contrivances to conceal it-seeing the whole reigning family at a glance, and I have such as working when they are on visits, and the gratifying, or approached nearer to the fancies we indal
certainly never witnessed any spectacle which was more others are not with them-getting up before day- in childhood, of eastern grandeur. The group formats light, &c.; then, on the evening before Christmas- semicircle of elegantly attired figures, at the end of a lofty day, one of the parlours is lighted up by the chil.. hall spread with Persian carpeting. In the centre were dren, into which the parents must not go; a great seated the two principal Ameers on their musad, a slightyew-bough is fastened on the table, at a little dis-worked with flowers of silk and gold, the corners of which
ly elevated cushion of French white satin, beautifully tance from the wall. A multitude of little tapers were secured by four massive and highly-chased golden or. are fixed in the bough. Under this bough the naments, resembling pineapples, and, together, with a large children lay out the presents they mean for their velvet . pillow behind, covered with rich embroidery; preparents, still concealing in their pockets what they Highnesses were supported by the members of their family
senting a very grand appearance. On each side, their intend for each other. Then the parents are in consisting of their nephews, Meer Sobdar and Mabommed, troduced, and each presents his little gift ; they and the sons of Mourad Ali, Meers Noor Mahommed, and then bring out the remainder, one by one, from Nusseer Khan. Farther off sat their more distant rela. their pockets, and present them with kisses and tions, among whom were Meer Mahmood, their ancle, and embraces. Where I witnessed this scene, there his sons Ahmed Khan, and Juhan Khan. Behind stood a
crowd of well-dressed attendants, sword and shield bearers were eight or nine children, and the eldest daugh to the different princes. To an European, and one accuster and the mother wept aloud for joy and tender.. tomed to form his notions of native ceremony by a much ness, and the tears ran down the face of the father, humbler standard, it was particularly gratifying to observe and he, clasped all his children so tight to his the taste displayed in drese, and the attention to cleanlibreast, it seemed as if he did it to stifle the sob that ness, in the scene before me. There was no gaudy show of
tinsel or scarlet; none of that mixture of gorgeousness and was rising within it. I was very much affected. The dirt to be seen at the courts of most Hindoo princes, but, shadow of the bough, and its appendages on the wall, on the contrary, a degree of simple and becoming elegance, made a pretty pieture; and then the raptures of the far surpassing anything of the kind it had ever been us very little ones, when at last the twigs and their fortune to behold. The Ameers and their attendants were spikes began to take fire, and snap. O, it was a de- muslin, neatly prepared and plaited so as to resemble #
habited nearly alike, in angricas or tunics of fine white light to them! On the next day, Christmas-day, in mity, with cummerhunds or sashes of silk and gold, wide the great parlour, the parents lay out on a table the Turkish trowsers of silk, tied at the ankle, chietty dark presents for the children ; a scene of more sober joy blue, and the Sindian caps. I have already described, made succeeds; as on this day the mother says privately
of gold brocade, or embroidered velvet. A pair of cash.
mere shawls of great beauty, generally white, thrown neto her daughters, and the father to his sons, that gligently over the arm, and a Persian dagger at the gindle, which he has observed most praiseworthy, and that richly ornamented with diamonds, or precious stones, cua which was most faulty in their conduct.” So says pleted the dress and decoration of each of the princesa Coleridge. We recollect some late traveller in Viewing the family, generally, I could not but admire Germany, whose name has escaped us, deseribing their manners and deportment, and acknowledge that, in the bitter distress of a peasant girl with whom he appearance at least, they seemed worthy of the elevation
they had gained. The younger Princes, indeed, bad an air walked for some time in company, not for her own of dignity and good breeding seldom to be met with either poverty, but that she should not be able to make in the European or native character. The principal Amern Christmas presents to her parents and friends.
were the least respectable of the party in point of looks; probably from having had less advantages, and more expu
sure to hardships in early life. They are, in reality, older, At Marseilles, and in many other places in but did not appear above the age of fifty, from the very France, on Christmas eve, all of the same blood, careful manner in which their beards and hair are staroet residing in the same neighbourhood, are invited to With one exception, there is little family likeness betrea a slight maigre supper with the senior of the fa-them and the younger chiefs, who have inherited from their
mothers fair complexions, jet black hair, with long eyemily'; after which the united households go to- lashes and eyebrows. Meer Nusseer Khan struck me as gether to midnight mass. Next morning, Christ
once as a particularly handsome man. mas, they again repair to the church to mass, from The general style of the Sinde Court could not fail to extheir several dwellings, and when the service is cite my admiration, as much as the appearance of the ended, return to the house of the common ances
All the officers in attendance, judging from their
dress and manners, seemed to be of superior rank. There tor, where a joyous feast is prepared, followed by was no crowding for places; the rabble had been shut en. Il manner of in .door amusements.
tirely out of doors ; and there was a degree of stillness and
FRENCH CIIRISTMAS CUSTOM.
solemnity throughout the whole, and an order and decorum and propriety. The members of both houses dobåted extem. in the demeanour of each individual, which, together with poraneously and with facility: the brilliant display I have mentioned, impressed me with
Ohio was first settled in 1788. In 1789 it was pnt ynder a a feeling of awe and respect I could not have anticipated. territorial government, and called the western territory; and is It is acaruely necessary, after what. I have described, to say lation of upwards of 40,000, the territories are admitted us
1802, it was erected into an independent state. Havin3 à popie that their Highnesses received me in a state durbar.. The states, electing a governor and legislature--they for a con mative ageny who had accoinpanied the two last embassies stitution and government of their own, subject to the reveral from our Government, was present, and assured me that confederacy of the Union. There are no. 24 states, three tera the arrangemente on this occasion, and the nature of my ritories, and the district of Columbia, which environs the city reception, were very different, indeed, far superior, to any of Washington, and is under the immediate government of Count ceremonial he had seen during a residence of twenty years gress. The territory of Michigan will be admitted into the in Sinder Burnet's Visit to Sinde.
Union next year, containing now upwards of 31,000 ; that of
Florida, 19,000 ; and Arkansus, 20,000. Ohio contains, ac, EMIGRATION.
cording to the census of last year, 937,670-in 1790, only The subjoined letter was written, last spring, by an intelli- 3000; "the increase during the last ten years being 61 per cent fout gentleman.. b:
she is as to population, the fourth state of the Union. The
Gambier, Ohio, 1832. whole population of states and territories is, according to tha Dear FRIENDS Anxious to fulfil my promise, I resume same document, 12,856,171 ; an increase of 33 per cent in the my pen, in order to give you an outline of what I have seen same period. and though since my last letter : I am encumbered with con. The Government of the United States, at its first institution, siderable perplexity, as notwithstanding I have received several established a system of an official census of the inhabitants as requests to proceed with this correspondence, yet ! have also regular decimal periods. This was rendered necessary in received one of a contrary nature from an individual whose primary point of importance, as the apportionment of the repreapprobation I hardly dare endanger. I have hesitatel-but sentatives from the different states to the general Congress 14 heing overcome with the paramount obligation to posterity, of regulated thereby : the number of inhabitants which are ta making an endeavour to perform the duty of leaving the world send a representative is now, on the result of this last census, a little better than we found it, I will make an effort to give being fixed by Congress. This number is not yet decided, buk you my feelings and opinions, with candour and mildness will be somewhere between 45, and 48,000. Of course each Morewer . I would say, to those who may chance to read this
, state sends as niany as there are, say 48,000 in its population, that I came a voluntary exile to this my adopted country—and I should have said above that the territories are admitted states, that before any one has a right to leave his own paternal soil, when they have the definite number, as above, of the last pre be has an account to bilance with luis duties ; first to society, ceding apportionment, which continues in force until the ensuing and dext with his family. If a man has the means of supporting and properly educating his children at home, there is his Independently of this object, I need not direct your attention post of antý; if a man is single, still more, home is his post of to the interest and importance of such documents; their useduty-he is one of a class whose chief business is to assist in fulness might be much increased by embracing other subjects, Tegenerating his country: But if the father of a numerous
as inhabited houses, houses of public worship, colleges, schools, family has striven, with industry and economy, to provide a number of pupils, the resources of the inhabitants in manufac. fragal maintenance and proper education for his sons and tures and agriculture, the number of horses, sheep, &c daughters, without success, then surely he is bound in affection There are in the Union, 59 collegen, 21 theological semir, and office, if there be a spot on the face of the earth where he aries, all Protestant, and 5 Catholic, 17 medical schools under ca necomplish it, to transplant them, no matter with her the di'ie: ent names of colleges and universities, and nine la v many inconveniences to himself.
schools, 150 Jewish synagogues, 12 Roman Catholic bishops, From this sequestered spot, five miles from be nearest vil. 12 Protestant Episcopal ditto, and 4 Methodist Episcopal ditto, lagsand fully occupied with my studies, I fear this letter will 9,739 ministers, independent of Roman Catholig, or Jewisla be less animating and interesting than if I were travelling and priests, and a countless number of common and private schools portraying fresh scenery and modern towns. I have taken The state of Ohio contains upwards of 24,810,000 acres a but one short journey of 45 miles out, and I did enjoy a ride ot and at present it would be au arduous under taking to get intura that distance in a sleigh with two friends, gliding on the surface western territory as you must traverse the stztes of Indiof the snow at a rapid rate, drawn by a pair of fine borses, the ana, Illinois, and Missouri, a distance greater tha. we inveliei distance easily accomplished from sun-rise to evening, pulling from New York hence; all three settled since Ohio. Oja up. twice to bait. The country was partially grazed, and wila amongst other reasons for turniig my attention towards the lages at eight ten miles distance ; but chiefly over roads ent state, was this, ofter, having read over for the purpose or decil through apparently endless and impermeable forests, thick - ing on the constitutions of all the states, I preferuil her's, lo densely thick-with most magnificent timber : oak, black wal, this country, you are aware every thing must have a colla but, beech, hickory, &c., from 100 to 120 feet in height. stitution, a book club, or an anti-tobacco socioty, na mata These woods are to be purchased at less than L.I per acre.
ter what; if five people unite for any social or yvelul purppis ranged now only by wild deer and turkey3, (some of which we they cannot be governed by two or three plain rules, they ***,) but becoming gradually located, numbers of fresh settlers must have a constitution. However, the constitution of the pouring in every year. The winter, which we have just passed, permits no slavery, and admits to the right of suff, uye all walu was acknow ledged by all the papers of the Union to have been inhabitants above the age of 21, The founders of Onto y angsually severe; the thermometer out of doors for one or two what all the world now seos, except your aristoeracy, the reorningi er as 10° below Zero-on most days several degrees henceforward, if people are to be governed at all, they inest le below freezing in my study, until the fire was lighted, when self-governede To this point European nations are marchus my stove 'soon brought it up to temperate or summer heat; the onward; impediments and resistance they will of cours de ink several times froze in my pen early in the morning before with ; but the result is certain and irresistible 29 the proceso
the air felt its influence; the atmosphere almost uniformly of time. The means of preserving order in society, winela bright and clear, and a number of warm days interspersed have hitherto been relied on, are growing every day more la. thronghout the season. We did not experience inconvenience effectual. Mere policy and power, bryta force ran an longa feda che cold, not even the children--activity, when out of do it with any prospect of permanency, and nothing ban give doors in the Incid atmosphere on the frozen snow, and abun. security to person or property, without which life is a very bura dance of fres within, preserved them. The snow is now all den; but by admitting men to participate in the regulasians of gone, and the winter broke up last week, with a great increase their own im posts and laws: They have been taught that they of temperature and surcharged electrical air, which passed off have been endowed by their Creator with pertama inalienable by thunder-storm and rain ;' the frost is out of the ground, and rights, and that, to secure those rights, Governments are instance al are boogant for spring:
tuted, deriving just powers from the poput of time gaverned. I obtained in January five days' leave of absence, and made The only great principles, whiclı cgo enabla mun to control the jonrney above potiéed to Columbus, the state town, to be themselves, and inake it unnecessary for them in pwer to present at a sitting of the legislative body, senate, and house of abridge their rights, so as give a new power to law, by riproseatatives, the former elected biennially, the latter annaal- making them less necessary, are education and the Gospel. No ly, by ballot. Their proceedings, as well those of the court of other causes are adequate to this effect, and it romaine eith justice, (which I witnessed,) were condueted with perfect order legislators and Christians to do their duty, and pupily digese and decorum, not with the adventitious aid of wigs and robes, renovating principles to the social system, and the settes er mace-brusers, but in plain closhes, and by the force of reason as you had at Bristol will pase to be perted.
The Governor of Ohin concluded his late address to the State his appointment to the office. It must have been originally Legislature with the following enlightened and benevolent re black ; but time had mellow'ed it down to the appearance marks: " Having experienced much inconvenience and fre of a sober green, which was what Erskine meant by his alquent embarrassment from the want of a more liberal education, lusion to its colour. I feel more sensibly the great importance of securing to the
I have seen him sit at Guildhall, in the month of July, rising generation the benefits of instruction; and I most earnestly recommend to you, gentlemen, a continuation of those in a pair of black leather breeches ; and the exhibition of laudable efforts which bave hitherto characterised our Legisla- shoes frequently soled afforded eqnal proof of the atteution ture for the promotion of education. Our schools and colleges, which he paid to economy in every article of his dress. His from that valuable institution the Sunday School, up to those of gown was silk, but had a better title to that of everlasting, the highest grade, should always claim the most favourable from its unchanged length of service. He held a pocket consideration of our Legislators. A well-educated and religi. handkerchief to be an unnecessary piece of luxury, and ous people only are capable of self-government-the greatest therefore dispensed with the use of one ; he found a suffitemporal blessing which Heaven bas bestowed upon man."
cient substitute in his emunetory powers, which were sni. An Act was passed to provide for the support and regula- nently attractive. tion of common schools," levying a direct tax of three-fourths
His equipage was in perfect keeping with his personal of a mite" on the dollar, being 1000th part on the ad valorem amount of taxable property. "The whole amount of taxes, for appearance, and was such as to draw down the gibes of ma. 1831, was an average of 62 cents for every inhabitant, levied levolence, the sneer of ill nature, and the regret of those who on real property, but giving the above numerical average. The held him in any respect, while it provoked the ridicule eren purposes to which they were applied were" For canal purposes.” of them. The carriage which conveyed the Lon Chief (The State has two canals, public property, forming an internal Justice and his suite to Westminster Hall,'had all the apartificial navigation of three hnndred and seventy-five miles, pearance and splendonr of one of those hackney coaches independent of the Ohio river navigation, extending across the which are seen on the stand, with a coronet and supporters
, whole of the south and nearly the whole of the eastern boun- the cast-off carriage of a peer or foreign ambassador. Though daries of the state ; for steam-boats of the largest size from the seats were occupied by the Lord Chief Justice himself Pittsburg in Pensylvania to the gulph of Mexico.)" For state pur- and his officers, in bags and swords, the eye was involun. poses, county schools, townships, roads, and other private pur- tarily directed to the panel to look for the number of the cerned ; we exchange the excise laws and duties—the poor-laws coach, as its appearance, and that of the horses which drew the assessed taxes, the inhabited house duty and window tax, it, confirmed the impression that it had been called off the not omitting the title and game laws—for 2s. 74d. ! I will stand. They moved with the most temperate gravity, and now add a list which I obtained from a gentleman engaged in seemed to require the frequent infliction of the whip to make mercantile pursuits, of the prices in this neighbourhood of la- them move at all. bour and produco: common labourers engaged in agricultural That necessary instrument to rouse their latent spirit, employment 33 to 88 cents per day ; mechanics and artisans, was consigned to the unsparing hand of a coachman whose such as stone cutters, masons, carpenters, and joiners, 60 to 75 figure and appearance perfectly harmonized with the rest cents per day; millers, shoe-makers, smiths, &c. about 60 ditto, of the appointment. There is an appropriate dress for Produce; wheat 50 to 75 cents per bushel, of 32lbs. ; corn, the different description of servants ; and a triangular hat (maize), rye, buck wheat, and barley, one half the above; oats, and potatoes, 16 to 25 ditto; fresh beef per 1001bs, 24 to 3 dol is generally considered part of the costume of a coachman. lars ; pork the same ; butter and cheese 6 to 10 cents ; good Whether it was a sacrifice which Lord Kenyon made to cows 10 to 12 dollars ; turkeys 25 cents ; fowls 8 to 12 a-couple; fashion, or the vanity of the individual himself which horses 30 to 80 dollars, of course very variable according to age prompted him to adopt it, I will not presume to say but it and breed. Land also varies according to location and quality seemed to both to be necessary that his lordship's coachI this week purchased 136 acres (taking the farm of the Ex man should appear with that important symbol of his change) for L.150, a mile and a half from our College, bnt be station. He therefore adopted the appropriate mark of dising the nearest point that any one can approach, the village and tinction, a three-cornered hat. This appeared to have been Institution being situated in the centre of a square to the near-effected with great taste, but with the accustomed view to est point of which the line extends one mile and a half. I need not point out to you the proper mode of considering ment of his
head, was, by a neat metamorphosis, changeal
economy. A hat slouched down before, the former ornathe price of food, &c. with those of labour. Take the very into a cocked one, by turning up the flap, and making it lowest case, the labourer earns, half of a bushel of wheat, or a bushel of barley, or one and a half of potatoes, or quarter of the base of the triangle; and, lest it should prove refractory a hundred of beef or pork, a half dozen pounds of cheese, or under its new regime, it was kept in its place, and the perpotatoes, butter, &c. daily. Thus his six days would bring him pendicular procured, by the aid of a pin. The rest of his an ample variety-an abundance —and there is ample and abun- dress seemed to be selected from the choicest stores of Mon. dant employment for all, and more than all,
mouth Street, with equal regard to taste and frugality. LORD KENYON.
Lord Kenyon was a man of religious habits, and properly
discountenanced any light allusion, in a speech or converHis dress was the threadbare remains of what might once sation, to the Bible, or to the service of the Church. I rehave been appropriate costume, the sable relics of which collect the ludicrous but unexpected reception which a merufrugality had piously preserved. These rare habiliments ber of the circuit met with on telling him the following irresistibly produced a smile at their singularity, from the anecdote of Lord Chief Baron Yelverton, of the Court of sterling marks which they bore of studied parsimony and Exchequer in Ireland ; I think it was my excellent and mean economy. The were they daily subjects of joke or much-lamented friend Nolan, who was a native of that comment at the Bar, when the Lord Chief Justice appeared country. He was a man of the purest morals, not-wantand took his seat on the bench. I happened to be in coning in religious feelings, but who did not carry his sentiversation with Lord (then Mr.) Erskine at Guildhall, bements of strict discipline as far as the learned lord. He fore Lord Kenyon arrived there. When he entered the seemed to think that an anecdote of an Irish judge would court, Pope's lines in the Dunciad, on Settle the poet, came afford some amusement to the Chief Justice, but be un. aeross me, and I quoted them involuntarily
luckily happened to mistake the character of the tale which * Known by the band and suit which Settle wore
suited his taste, and so hit upon one not quite in sceord. His only suit for twice three years before."
ance with his sentiments, on subjects connected with the “ The period of six years,” said Erskine, laughing, “ dur- Church. He addressed himself to Lord Kenyon with the ing which that poet had preserved his full-trimmed suit in seeming anticipation of the '
mirthful cffect which it would bloom, seemed to Pope to be the maximum of economy; but produce, by telling him that Lord Chief Baron Yelverton it bears no proportion to Kenyon's. I remember the green once went à Lent circuit, and one of the assize towns hap coat which he now has on for at least a dozen years." He pened to be where one of his college contemporaries was bene did not exaggerate its claims to antiquity. When I last ficed. The reverend gentleman, anxious to make a display saw the learned lord, he had been Lord Chief Justice for of his zeal and talents, and at the same time to shew his sacarly fourteen years, and his coat seemed to be coeval with respect for the Chief Baron, asked permission from the