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ON ASCERTAINING THE PRICES OP GRAIN, M15 to enact them. In many counties little of no attention was
AND STRIKING THE FIARS. !* paid to the act, and ulthough one or 'two attenuptui bave been ALTHOCOH the laws regarding the importation and exporta made to set aside the fiats i particular continuies, on the ground tion of grain have been a very frequent subject of discussion is that they were erroneously struck, these attempto hase benzina Britain for upwards of two centuries, and their regulations have successful.
p;a;. d lliw s19d5 been founded, in a great measure on the prices of graid in this
. The otvject of fixing three fiar prices of each kind of gràin, in country, the means for ascertaining these prices are still very im to distinguisit the prices of the differene qualities : Bate bu perfect. If we compare the average prices, as set down in dococ method practised is obviously very rude. a. To proceed with inents, which are generally appealed to as authoritative, we find any degree of accuracy, the quality of the grain siiould be discrepancies which we cannot reconcile; and as there are no a certained before any inquiry is made about the price. Due means of ascertaining from what causes they arise, our reliance instead of proceeding in this way, no inquiry Whatever is wide on such documents is necessarily much shaken. The accounts about the quality, which is inferred solely from the price. Nur of the prices of middling wheat in Windsor market, as ascer were the prices of grain for each crop perfectly steady, thete tained by the audit books of Eton College, are generally referred would be no great objection to this practice; but as the marketa to bg historians, political economists, and writers on statistics. are continually fluctuating, it may, and indeed must happen. 'I bey have been kept regularly since the year 1646, and they that the prices of the first quality of grain are taken into eimform the record most to be relied on, for the prices of wheat putation to fix the second or third fiars, and the prices of the for the latter half of the 16th, and the whole of the 17th cen worst quality to fix the second or first. Suppose, for instance, tury. But if we compare this account with the return of prices laid before Parliament in 1814, by the receiver of corn
as happened last year, that the price falls from October until
the time of striking the fiars, that the second fiarsate fixed at returos, we will observe very great discrepancies, as will appear 60s. for wheat, and that the prices at the beginning of the season from the following list:
were 66s., 64s., and 62s. for the three qualities; iben the thief 9 Price'at Windsor. By Return. quality of grain is taken into computationin fixing the price of 1992 OCENY!!
L.2 19 0 L.2 2 11 the first quality, because it is sold above 60.c It, on the others 1500 DPI274.14 ! 6 0 5 13 17 hand, the price of grain rises between September and Maphy
Ti fai 7-10 4 8 0 then the prices of the first quality of grain are taken into cuilles 1809
4 15 7 putation in fixing the fiars of the third quality. Where prices 1811
4 14 6
vary much between harvest and the striking of the fats, it is In comparing the prices of English and Scotch grain, we evident that the mode of proceeding at Haddington makes the also find much greater differences than we could previously first and third fiars utterly fictitious. It would be tedious to expect. It was proved, by the evidence of Mr. Turnbull, one examine the mode of proceeding in striking the fars in other of the witnesses examined before the committee of the House counties ; bat we may merely point out the discrepancies that of Cominops on agriculture in the year 1814, that good Scotch exist among the different returns for the same year, which can wheat sold is general as high as the average price of English only arise from different modes of proceeding. Thus it would wheat. Thus the average price of the wheat produced on his naturally be expected that the bars of the county of Edinburgh farm, near Dunbar, for crops 1805, 1812, was 94s., while the would be higher than those of other counties, from the greu average of English wheat for that period was 928. 7d. Yet, in consumption of grain which takes place in the capital att the return of the average prices of Scotch wheat laid before point of fact, the prices there are generally bigher than in HalParliament, we find the price for 1792, 398. 4d., for 1800, dington, by one or two shillings a quarter, on account of the 91s. 2d., for 1805, 53s
. 7d., for 1809, 739. 7d.for 1811, expense of carriage. The East Lothian farmers therefore sells 788. 10d. In 1814 the price of English wheat is set down at great part of their crops in Edinburgh; merely on "secount of 745., while that of Scotch is 96. 2d. The variations in the the higher price, notwithstanding the distance they must bring price of other kinds of grain are, perhaps, still more remark. their grain. Yet the Edinburgh fars for the best grain are abile, as will appear from the following table of the price of generally lower than those of East Lothians for the sceonder oats :
Thus for the years 1827, 1828, 1829, and 1030, the price of the English average. Scotch average. best wheat in the county of Edinburgh, as, ascertained by the 1808
Ll 71 fiars, is 485. 8d., 769., 528. 7d. In the county of Haddington, 1809
1 13 10 the second fars for these years were 48s. Ild.,70 bid, bdsex" 1810
59s. Ild., and the first fars As of bo above these prices 1612
Wheat of as good quality in ordinary years is produced in Fale 1814
1 6 6
1 17 9
as in East Lothian, yet a rental of 500 quarters of wheat in the 1817 1 12
former chusty, for the three crops 1828-1830, would have proi The prices of barley, peasė, &c., vary in the same manner. What we have chiedy in view at present is, to direct the verting the wheat into money at the highest fars of extch county
duced L.650 less than an equal rental in the latter country * attention of our readers to the anomalies in the fiar prices of This is a difference of 15 per cent. In some counties oplyors: grain for Scotland. The purpose of striking the fars, origi- fiar price for each kind of grain is strock, in others there are nally was, in order to ascertain the amount in money of the two, in others three. In some, the different species of grain are rents and feu-duties due to the
crown, many of which are pay- distinguished as white and red wheat, Angus ant potatoes able in grain.--Formerly they were struck by the Lords of the In the county of Caitboess, four
species of oats are distinguisheslo Excheguer, from the information received from the sheriffs of In others the species of the graia is disregarded, but the place the different counties. But about the beginning of the 17th where it grows makes a distinetion. Thus ir Berwickshire
, we century, the duty was devolved, at least in some of the coun have the Merse grain distinguished from Lammermur; ia ties, upon the sheriffs themselves. The sheriff fiars for the Stirlingshire and Clackmananshire we have Kerse farley Day county of laddington are extant since the year 1627, and of Geld barley, and Muir barley ; sin Aberdeenshire sind kipeatus the county of Edinburgh from 1640. To regulate the manner dineshire the only distinction is; " " with or without fødderzak serupt, on the 21et December, 1723. This act provides that are set down in Imperial bưóhels ;- in others in Imperind gerade
a farther source of confusion, the fiars in some of the counties summon before them a competent number of persons who have bushels. In Orkney, the Sheriff makes his return by the Nora knowledge and experience of the trade of victual in their wegian meil and the malt pundlar, weights which, for alle bounds, and from these persons they are
ordered to chocse fifteen, benefit of the denizens of the south, he explaine, con talte soojust of whom not fewer than eight shall be heritors, as a jury to fix tively 197 16: 12 oz. and 116 16: 7:03. We presume theremettare also to be summoned to give evidence as to the prices of learning that some
seven years ago ad aet was passed by the grain, more especially since 1st Nov. preceding, and any person British Parliament, introducing a new measure, and that it is in Court, though not summoned, may offer information to the part of his daty to enforce the provisions of that act, and 2010 jury. The jury prepare a verdict setting forth the prices, and give an example of its violation in his own proceedings the sheriff must, before the 1st March, pronounce his sentence We believe that we have said enough to convince every pa according to the verdict. In this manner the fiar prices for that the mode of striking the fiars calle loudly for alteration certaining the prices of the different qualities of grain was refer to the fiar prices of grait for different counties, for the where it had not previously been
observed. These regulations, cent in the prices of the same kind and quality of grain baby seem well adapted to attain the object in view. But it may well be duubied low far the Court of Session had the porter many individuals. The whole stipends of the parochial eleif}
means upcommon. Now, this is a serious considerntion in
L.1 19 8
1 12 8
are now anoditied in grain; and as these stipends are converted, grain, for the last two centuries, it would bave been most valyin teerhs of the 48 Geo Ill. chap. 188, at the highest fars of able in shewing the effect of improvemeats in agriculture, in the unenty where the parish is situated, it will be found, upon ameliorating the quality of grain, and it would have enabled un calculation, shat of two clereymen having the same stipend in to judge much more accurately, than we can do at present, of vietual, there will be a difference in some instances of 20 per the prices at different periods. In a very bad year we would cent. A clergymin is on this account obviously in a much have no grain of the first quality, in a very good year little or better condition when there are three fiars struck in bis county none of the third. We would thus see, at a single glace of than when there is only one. It is very nsual also, to stipulate the table of average prices, the nature of the seasons,ig as far for tenta in grain, the conversion into money taking place at as grain was concerned.
sointi the highest fans. This is now become a common practice in The grain consumed in Great Britain and Ireland exceeds, in East Lothian, and in many other districts. Now, an East value, oue hundred millions annually. In 1818, we paid inore Lothiad farmer, who pays in this manner, will find that by the than ten millions to foreigners for grain, and the suins paid duce. made of striking the farsia that county he pays nearly 10 per ing the last year probably exceed seven millions. It is surely of cent of rent more than he ought to do, and for twenty years' some consequence to ascertain, with some degree of accuracy, punasession of his fatm, he will pay twenty-two years' rent. the price of a commodity, on which we expend a fourth or a The difference between a rent paid by the fiars in East Lothian fifth of the value of the total annual produce of the country, It and life is still greater a
is justly considered an object of importance to observe and relm order to put an end to the confusion and injustice which gister, in every part of the country, the daily and annual fall cršly one ániform systein should be adopted for the whole of of rain, even to the hundredth part of an inch. The oscillations Scotlands Why should a clergyman in one county receive one of the barometer bave been ascertained, for every day, for a cenbith dem stipend than his neighbour in the adjoining county, tury, and they have even been observed for every hour for a when it wa intended by awarding both the same quantity whole twelvemonth. The daily, monthly, and yearly temper of victual, to put them on an equal footing? The clergy ature of many parts of the country is known with the utmost should be paid as nearly as possible alike where their duties accuracy, and the information is carefully recorded, and quickly are equid. On this account, as well as for several other published. These observations have properly engaged the atreason, is general average for the whole of Scotland, oftention of learned societies, and of ingenious individuals ; and it the prices of grain, should be anpually ascertained and would be disgraceful not to be acquainted with the physical published By this general average the clergy ought to condition of our country. Bat is it not shameful, that nu atbe paid. It is also expedient to ascertain the average price tempt has been made to ascertain the prices of graia with pre of the different species, varieties, and qualities of grain; but cision? It is an object surely as important, even in a scientific the present mode is bigbly objectionable. There appears to be point of view, as the measuring the quantity of rain, the oh. only use mode of proving such prices accurately." This is to serving of the oscillations of the barometer, or the recording of distinguish the different species and permanent varieties of the variations of the thermometer, for it is of the greatest congrain, a red and white wheat, barley and beer, or bigg, Angus sequence to the sciences of political economy and agricultore. and black oats, aod making an average for each species and va Besides, until the average prices of graia are more arrurutely riety and further, to distinguish the quality of the grain by the fixed, the merchant must carry on his speculations, in a great weight. It is well known that the great test of the value of measure, in the dark; the landed proprietors, the clergy, an I grain is its specific gravity--the part which yields the fiour the tenantry, must be continually exposed to injustice in their a meat beiog much heavier in an equal bulk than the husk payments and receipts, and the duties on grain, which often oratio. Thus, wheat of a particular species, which weighs virtually prohibit its importation, cannot be properly ascertaided, 61 iba per busbel, is worth several shillings a-quarter nore than wheat of the same species which weighs only
THE GOOD OLD TIMES.—The celebrated patriot, 60 iba per bushek. Unless the weight is given it is im Andrew Fletcher of Saltoun, draws the following pic. prible to ascertaio, without samples, the value of grain ture of Scotland in the year 1698_from which it would of diferent years, or even of different counties, or, what is appear that it was not without reason that King James generally of more importance, the prices of grain in England composed a ballad on “ the Gaberlunzie Man," for the and Serland. Of w bat value for instance, is the information beggars were anciently a very formidable race.
Thero that wheat sold in Mark Lane from 50s. to 90s. a-quarter, or how can a corn mert baat send grain there with safety, unless
are at this day in Scotland," says Fletcher, “ (besides he knows what is the current price of the quality of grain he
a great many poor families very meanly provided for basso hand? The mere quantity, by measurement, of grain is so by the Church boxes, with others, who by living upon lite relied on, as the means of ascertaining the value, that it is
bad food fall into various diseases) two hundred thounow the practice in Glasgow, as well as in Ireland, and in sand people begging from door to door. And though the many districte of England, to sell not by the measure, but by number of them be double to what it was formerly, by the weight; and undoubtedly weight is, in this instance, a reason of this great distress, yet in all times there have much better criterion of value than measure. But botb com been about one hundred thousand of those vagabonds, who laned form the only true mode of fixing the value; for a have lived without any regard or subjection either to the quarter of wheat which weighs 496 lbs, is much more valuable laws of the land, or even those of God and nature.” These than a larger measure of wheat of the same species, which is free-and-easy denizens of the soil appear to have occasionprecisely the same weight.. The introduction of the practice of ally held a sort of wild saturnalia :—“In years of plenty, 1 parehasing grain by weight, however, is leading to much confumon, and which will soon put an end to all the benefit ex.
continues our author, " many thousands of them meet preted from the equalization of weights and measures, for in together in the mountains, where they feast and riot for each tows different weights of grain are selling as equivalent to many days; and at country weddings, markets, and burials, la imperial quarter. This is shown by the following table : and at other the like public occasions, they are to be seen,
Oats. Barley, both men and women, perpetually drunk, cursing, blasphem496 lb. 812 lb. per measure, ing, and fighting together," As a remedy to this great mis. 560 860
chief, Fletcher proposes, “that every man of a certain estate 480 528
in the nation should be obliged to take a proportionabl 560 (per stone of 14 lbs.) 4-48...
number of those vagabonds, and either employ them in 480 ditto These weights are reckoned a quarter in the different towns,
hedging and ditching his grounds, or any other sort of (Westminster Review, No. 81, p. 70.) If this system is allow.
work in town or country." And for example and terror of ed to become general, it will be impossible for any one to euy,
these formidable “ vagabonds," he gravely adds." Three or without 5 minute calculation, for which he may not always four hundred of the most notorious of those villains which beve the data, what is the price of grain in a different part of we call Jockeys might be presented by the government to the couatry. It humbly appears to us that all grain
should be the state of Venice, to serve in their gallies against the con. sold by the imperial quarter, that the species and permanent mon enemy of Christendom." This was certainly a radical varieties should be distinguished, and two or three qualities of reforul, on perusing the above extracts, it is impossible fach species distinguished by the weight. We suggest the folo not to be struck with the contrast which our happy counlowing scale for the ordinary white wheatFirst quality, per imperial busbel, 63 lbs. and upwards.
try now presents-her population virtuous and inlustrious, Second quality, per ditto, between 60 and 63 lbs.
excelling in all the arts, and her remotest wilds penetrated Third quality, per ditto, 60 lbs., aod woder.
by that civilization and commerce which have ever been W we had a het of the weights, an well as of the princs of Ithe parents of freedom, peace, and plenty.
Birmingham Manchester Glagok Maltas pils Wabgelield
A LATE SWISS ADVENTURE.
young one listened in gloomy silence, took up the dead dog, (For the Schoolmuster.)
tied him across his shoulders, and, as if in mockery of the My friend pointed out the scene of an adventure of one old one, took his way up the very path he had descended; of his friends, which had nearly proved fatal to him. The and they saw him reach the top in safety. Swiss are essentially mountain climbers; armed with a long pole, they dart off wherever the thought strikes them, to
THE SWISS GIRL.
How blest climb some point which they perceive, fifty miles off, tower
The Helvetian girl, who daily braves, ing into the third heavens. Of these, Mr. Hutzler is one of
In her light skiff, the tossing waves, the most adventurous. A few years ago he started from
And quits the bosom of the deep Zurich to climb the Titles, and resolved to take the nearest
Only to climb the rugged steep! way to it, crossing the Lake of Lucerne, and going over
Say whence that modulated shout? the mountains of Unterwalden in a direction never before
From wood-nymph of Diana's throng? attempted. He had a friend with him; and on getting to
Or does the greeting to a rout
Of giddy Bacchanals belong? Unterwalden, he engaged two guides, who engaged to con
Jubliant outcry!-lock and glade duct them to the top of the mountain opposite the Titles ;
Resounded--but the voice obey'd but when they got there, they found that there was a preci
The voice of an Helvetian maid. pice of nearly 2000 feet to descend before the foot of their
Her beauty dazzles the thick wood; object could be obtained. One of the guides refused to go
Her courage animates the flood; The other, a young man of great strength and despe
Her step the elastic greensward meets, rate courage, made the attempt to descend, and returned to
Returning unreluctant sweets; say that he thought he could get down ; but if they wished to
The mountains (as ye heard) rejoice follow him, they must have good heads. After a consulta
Aloud, saluted by her voice!
Blythe Paragon of Alpine grace, tion of some time, they determined all four to make the
Be as thou art; for through thy veins attempt. · The young man followed, led by his dog, an ani
The blood of heroes runs its race! mal which was renowned for its skill in descending and
WORDSWORTH. mounting the most difficult passes, and by the other guide
THE BOAR SONG. and the amateurs. When he had got 500 feet down, the
Bring me the hunter's goblet deep; first guide stopped, as did they all; for they had been la.
It holds a flask and more :
But a single quaff shall drain it off, bouring with the most painful exertions to descend from
To pledge the mighty Boar! one ledge of rock, a few inches wide, to another, until now
For to-morrow's field this cup of the Rhine nothing appeared below but one enorinous precipice, nearly
Thy prowess shall restore:
Oh! never should less than a flask be thine, perpendicular, of 1500 feet. After a short pause, and see
To pledge the mighty Boar! illy the impossibility of retracing their steps, they braced (Chorus.)—A fask of wine from the sunny Rhine, their failing courage, and addressed themselves anew to the
To pledge the mighty Boar! task. Their young guide appeared more like a chamois
We have not chased the coward fox, than a man-hangin occasionally by the fingers, and sup
Nor slain the feeble hare:
A noble prey was our's to-day, porting himself on points of rock not half the breadth of
When the wild swine left his lair. his shoe; and he shortly left his friends greatly behind.
He fell not hy rifle, he fell not by hound, They heard the dog occasionally whining, as if in distress;
Nor by six-foot spear he fell: but still they toiled on, until they got about half way down,
'Twas the hunter's glaive that dealt his wound;
Be the hunter's song his knell! when they heard a rustling noise, joined to the groans of (Chorus.)–His pledge be the wine of the sunny Rhine, the poor dog, who had lost luis footing, and was now scram
Aod the bunter's song his knell ! bling to regain it; but in vain-down, down he went,
Peril is on the antlered brow, struggling hard for life, while they eyed him in mute de
While lowered for the fray: spair. At length, a long-continued howl told them he had
And steady the hand that guides the brand,
When it strikes the stag at bay. cleared the rock, and was descending through the air; they
And the villain wolf bas a sharp white fang, watched his long descent, until the hollow sound of a body
When he turns on the woodman's edge; falling at an immense distance below, told them all was
But we honour not his dying pang,
Nor give him the goblet's pledge. When they turned their eyes on each other, they (Chorus.)—No flask of wine from the sunny Rhine, saw despair and death in each pale countenance; and for a
To wolf or stag we pledge ! moment hope forsook them. They had a thousand feet of
Nor stalwart arm, nor stedfast heart, precipice below them, and an equal distance above; their
Are ever needed more strength and courage were exhausted, and they appeared to
Than when hunters kneel, with levelled steel,
To receive the rushing Boar. give up all hope of life. The young guide was the first to
'Tis thus the serf should crook the knee recover; he groaned for the loss of his faithful dog, and set
Across his Tyrant's path; off down the rocks with a speed and desperation which set
Bending his brow in mockery, death and peril at defiance. They looked on, expecting (Chorus.)—Then fill the wine from the sunny Rhine,
And pointing his sword in wrath. every moment to see him follow the course of his faithful
To pledge the freeman's wrath! friend ; but, to their astonishment, they saw him in a short
Speed now! The hunter's feast array! time seated beside the poor animal on the slope below.
Bring on the vanquished Boar! This renewed hope within them; and again they started ;
With vine leaves spread his grisly head,
The king of the chase before ! ann, after incredible dangers and difficulties, they all got
To him-he slew the fierce wild swinesately down, and returned thanks to God for their escape.
One princely cup we pour; An old guide came up from the other side, and bitterly re
And a second from the sunny Rhine, proached the young one for his temerity, accusing himn of
We pledge to that mighty Boar ! treachery and murder, as no one who regarded the life of (Chorus.) —A fask of wine from the sunoy Rbine
We pledge to that mighty Boar! himself, or others, would attempt such a precipice. The Tait's Magazine.
BY MRS. JOHNSTONE.
a friend of the schoolmaster's, in the city of Glasgow, his
whole kindred made a push to raise the supplies necessary THE TWO SCOTCH WILLIAMS.*
to make “ Willie a doctor.” One aunt gave a pair of home
knit hose perhaps ; and a grand-dame a coarse linen shirt Some evenings passed, in which the Stories told around
or two, with a better one for Sundays; for every grand*The Round Table were more profitable than generally at- dame and matron had, in those simple days, her household tractive to part of the juvenile audience. They were stories stores of linen. The old shoes clouted for common wear, from Ancient Indian and Egyptian History—of pyramids and pagodas, and of times and people, whose customs, and with his apprentice, worked in all the cottages and farm
a new pair in the chest, four days of the parish tailor, who, those very existence as nations, is long since past, and al- houses at sixpence a-day, completed the equipment of our most forgotten ; and when the ballot fell on the Scottish hero ; the tailor displaying some extra flourishes on the Boy, Norman Gordon, there was general satisfaction ; for rude staple of William's blue coat, as his handywork might they anticipated a Tale of “ The North Countrie,” a wild haply be seen in so magnificent a place as the Candleriggs Legend of ghost, or fay, of Lowland faith and courage, or of of Glasgow. His entire equipment cost the family L.1, 8s. ; Highland chivalry and clanship. The young Scot earnestly but it is not every day a son is launched into life, and they whispered Mrs. Herbert, whose gentle manners and mater
were determined to do it respectably. And now the rainy Dal kindness had inspired him with confidence, which sur- November morning was come when William, mounted be. mounted his natural and national bashfulness. Her smiles hind his father, set out for the capital of the West, boys and whispers of approbation, gave him courage to proceed, and girls shouting good wishes after him from the school. which he did unceremoniously as follows:
house green, and maids and matrons bestowing solemn “ To be sure, Miss Sophy, I could tell of ghosts and blessings on “ blithe Willie” as he rode past. kelpies, and the Linn of Dee, and a hundred places ; but I Behold him now established with the identical widow, won't. My story shall be of men, and if you shouldn't who, twelve years before, had entertained the schoolmaster, like it, it does not take long a-telling; or rather I shall when he attended the University, at a pension of four shilread it, like the lazy preachers in my country, who fancy | lings per week ; but Willie, as a boy, was received at a it better to read than make the prose halt. My tale was
more reasonable rate. His board was two shillings and written out for me by my first tutoress, my Aunt Mary, sixpence, of which his master was to pay one-half. His who was as good an aunt as your aunt Gibbons, Miss mother's share was to be paid in rural produce, for though Fanny ; though instead of Westminister she lived in Old neither butter nor meat were very plentiful in the Upper Aberdeen."
Ward, money was still more scarce. William's heart had The boy was told that no apology was necessary for the vever sunk, till next morning that his father, having first sin of reading ; and he produced his little Ms. book, pre-shared his porridge and butter-milk, returned thanks after facing his lecture by these words :-“ Ladies and Gentle their meal, in what appeared an earnest prayer for the men of The Round Table, you are to know that my poor preservation of his boy amid the snares and temptations of Country, Old Scotland, still not wealthy, was, in the higher life, and for a blessing upon him. and inland districts, about the beginning of the last cen
6 And mind ye, Willie, to be eident and diligent in your Eury, very poor indeed. Any one of you would have laughed calling ; do your master's biddin'; and aboon aʼmind that to see the miserable, black, long cottages, in which those ye have a higher Master, whose will we maun a' strive to wwho called themselves, thought themselves, felt themselves fulfil, if we would do weel either here or hereafter. And Gentlemen, lived at that time :—and now I read.”
now, my bairn, mind that if ye do not do weel, there's ane
at hame, owre yonder, already thinkin' lang to hear o' ye, In one of the most sterile, moorland parishes, a region whose very heart ye'll break. But, why forsee ill ?-to af heather and moss, in the Upper Ward of Clydesdale, the Lord's keeping I commend ye, and part in peace.” Livel an honest, poor couple, who, among several children, Our William would have said something to comfort and had a son, named William, a lively, intelligent, and active re-assure his father; but excellent and ready as was the boy, whom his mother loved, and the neighbours liked. natural address of the bright and inteiligent boy, he could When William had been at school for about five years, not at this time articulate one word. though occasionally away at herding, at peats, or harvest Five years, five busy, short, bright years, passed over work, his parents, having other children to educate, began young William, every hour improved, and employed either to grudge the expenses of William's learning, for what in the study and practice of surgery and pharmacy, in atwith one branch and another, he cost them nearly two shil-tending his master's shop and patients, or in some way forlings a quarter. It was fortunate that the schoolmaster's warding his general education. The cadger froin his conscience compelled him, about this time, to declare, that parish, who weekly visited the Tron—now termed the he could do no more for William. He was Dux of the Bazaar I believe_to dispose of his gathered load of eggs school, read Horace well, and Homer tolerably, and his and butter, was the general medium of intercourse between
was a marvel in the Upper Ward,-which, William and his family, and the bearer of his mended
was not saying much. It would be a shame, and hose and clean linen, and of those little gifts with which a sin, to consign such bright parts and high classical at the country matron propitiated the widow who was in tainments to the plough-tail
. William's parents were very place of a mother to her boy. Even one year's residence to believe this ; and as an opportunity offered to in a city, which, though an emporium of trade, is also the Place him as an apprentice with a small surgeon apothecary, seat of a University, made a great change on William.
When he visited the Upper Ward in the third year of his NIGHTS OF THE ROUND TABLE. Second Series. Just Published : Inoltree and Bord,
Edinburgh; and SIMPKIN AND Marsalard; apprenticeship, his friends had some reason to be proud of
• The Doctor.”. These important years liad made 'a still over the hills and holts of Lanarkshire, and be filter than greater change on the inner than the outward-William Eclipse' himself for traversing those widolspretad region Frugality, diligence, and the love of study, had already where a good - share of William's praktico-day for-Bere gained him distinction. His employer valued him accord. mines were now opening, and population gathering ing to his merits, and afforded him every proper indul- | Hamilton Fair, as William wished to see some friend in gence in pursuing his studies. He was now remarked for that neighbourhood, the purchase was completed, cand ! the frankness and civility of his manners, and known to
think the beast cost the young doctor L3, Jósiya rather some of the Professors, who occasionally called in at his smart price in those days; but there was a bridle to booty master's shop: They recommended him to pupils; and, and, borrowing a saddle, William, on his return, chantered by teaching what he knew, William acquired the means
over Bothwell Brig on his own horse, with no'mean intis. of learning more. He was able to attend some of the lec- faction. The minister of a parish, about seven miles off, tures of the
College, and, by the time his apprenticeship had also been attending Hamilton Fair (on-some' business: was concluded, his character for steadiness and ability, and and was now jogging on before Willinn an those days accurate knowledge of all he pretended to know, were so
mounted travellers were not so numerons in Lanarkshire as well confirmed, that he readily obtained the appointment to make introduction a difficult matter; and, besides, Mr. of surgeon in a merchant ship trading to the West Indies. Johnston, being of the number of William's elders and beta His relations now thought his fortune made. William was ters, had a right to address him on his own testris, a The not quite of this opinion : but he said he had got all he minister was a very good man : he knew his beadle's chill yet deservéds--he must be qualified for more
before he got that the young surgeon of the Kirk of Shotts was invited to
was ill at home of the small-pox ; and thus it tumied out it. In this situation our William made several voyages, and enlarged his knowledge of men and manners, as well halt at the Manse. In those days this could fimply nothing as of his profession. But he saw that this was not the less than dinner and a bed. This last civility ** The Doc.
tor” was resolved, in his own mind, not to accept; but is place for improvement: and though his appointments were more lucrative than could be hoped for in his own poor dinner or early supper served up to them was half ended
was well he had not mentioned his intention, for before the country, he resolved to settle in his native district as a rural he began to think that the Minister's small parlour affordert practitioner. He had saved in his voyages nearly thirty
a fully pleasanter prospect than the fai rest on that night in poımds; so before settling down for life he resolved to en.
the whole fair vale of Clyde. The Minister's daughter hal large his acquaintance with that science in which
was lately returned from a long visit to Glasgow, which she had his chief ambition to excel, by a winter's attendance on the made to complete her education or finish her manners , and medical lecturers of Edinburgh ;-some accounts say Glas- though there was no sign about Miss Johnston of having gow, and that it was not until a later period he was able to forgotten the Manse, its duties, and homely pleasures-sko receive the instructions of the Edinburgh schools. To
possessed an air of ease and refinement, and a degree of chemistry, in particular, a science then comparatively in its spirit, intelligence, and cultivation, which William was infancy, he zealously devoted himself; and the most of his not accustomed to meet with every day, even in the best West Indian savings were devoted to the purchase of a small
“ Ha-houses” of the Upper Ward. He accordingly agreei apparatus, which he brought to the country, his chief posses
to spend the night where he was, engaged the minister & sion, after a selection of medical books, and a few of general | the canonical game of draughts, was bcates and rebeatenliterature. Even thus early William began to study accuracy and being declared stupid, was set down with Bell," **** and elegance in style, and to extend his classic knowledge. fitter match, while her reverend papa went forth to come
Imagine, now, the pride of William's rustic relations, mine with one of his elders. Such was, the commencement when he settled at the village of Kirk of Shotts, under the of William's acquaintance with an amiable young womalar sonorous title of “The Doctor,"_for which he was entirely whom, as their intimacy improvod, he daily more and more indebted to the kindness and respect of his compatriots. admired. Nor did she appear insensible to his merits, eren Fixed in the centre of this bleak moorland district, then pro- when the whole district declared that it would, be, but verbial, even in Scotland, for its poverty, our William now began to draw teeth for a groat each, to bleed on the same of rank, station, and accomplishments, she possessed
very poor marriage for Miss Johnston, as, besides beo claima terms, and sell medicine from his small' store 'in penny- 'right of her mother, ja fortune of six hundred merke
, worths. To patients whom he visited'all over that region, L.400 sterling. I believe our William, thought not much for fifteen or twenty miles in every direction, his most lucra- about marriage ; nor did he speak of it at all, eren when tive visits might bring from 1s. to 1s. 6ds ; while three- joked by his fair patients on the subject ; for, though, ruke fourths of them proved, like virtue, their own reward;
mounted, you are not to suppose his toils were at an erud, op
. William was now twenty-four years of age. His repu- that he was become a dashing surgeon, comfortably endowe tation was gradually increasing ; so were his practice and with fees, Very far from it.
His meals were still as his fecs. He had performed some notable operations in homely as those of the peasantry about him; and, save for surgery. The cures he had accomplished were best known his books and chemical apparatus, there was little to disto himself, and he was not inclined to boast, not more from ti
tinguish his dwelling from their cottages. It'lis appear. modesty and delicacy towards the Old Doctor," than con sciotisness of how much he wanted of that perfection of liness ; but his dress was scarcely so good as the Sunday
ance there might be more attention to 'neatness and clena." which his profession was capable. About this time, as thie garb of the small lairds" song. Neither his slčnđét městs, season was falling into winter, and his foot-journeys were his tastes, nor his prospects,' allowed of any extravagante long, and so fatiguing, that, on returning home to his cot. At markets, to which he was often professionally leally the tage , he was unable to pursue his studies
, our William young Doctor passod for a sorub ; for, instead of a carouse resolved to buy himself
, at Hamilton Fair. None with the better sort of farmers, which the habits of the app of your « bits of blood,” nor
in any way remarkable for sanctioned, he mounted and galloped home, groomed and symmetrs; or any fine point whatever, but some hardy suppered his own steed, and iimwed his lamp for the ina brule of a serviceable country nag, which would bear him dulgence of a few hours of quiet study,—that is
, if ever a