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THE ESTABLISHED CLERGY.

STANDARD OF THINGS.

ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT.

were they not used with ceremony, with compliments, and

addresses, with legs, and kissing of hands, they were the CHANGING SIDES IN POLITICS, OR RELIGION. ¡ It is the trial of a man to see if he will change his side ; kiss their hands after their lips, as some do, is like little

pitifulest creatures in the world. But yet, methinks, to and if he be so weak as to change once, he will change again. Country fellows have a way to try if a man be boys, that, after they eat the apple

, fall to the paring, out

of a love they have to the apple.-Selden. weak in the hams, by coming behind him and giving him a blow unawares; and if he bend once, he will bend again. The lords that fall from the king, after they have got The clergy and laity together are never like to do well; estates by base flattery at court, and now pretend con- it is as if a man were to make an exceilent feast, and should science, do as a vintner when he first sets up; you may have his apothecary and his physician come into the kitbring your wench to his house, but, when he grows rich, he chen; the cooks, if they were let alone, would make excelturns conscientious, and will sell no wine upon the Sab- lent meat ; but then comes the apothecary, and he puts bath-day.--Selden.

rhubarb into one sauce, and agaric into another sauce Humility is a virtue all preach, none practise, and yet Chain up the clergy on both sides.—Selden. every body is content to hear. The master thinks it good GOOD SENSE is as different from genius as perception is doctrine for his servant, the laity for the clergy, and the from invention ; yet, though distinct qualities, they freclergy for the laity. But there is a vicious humility. If quently exist together. It is altogether opposite to wit

, a man does not take notice of that excellency and perfection but by no means inconsistent with it. It is not science, for that is in himself, how can he be thankful to God who there is such a thing as unlettered good sense ; yet, though is the author of all excellency and perfection ? Nay, if a it is neither wit, learning, nor genius, it is a substitute for man hath too mean an opinion of himself, it will render each where they do not exist, and the perfection of all him unserviceable both to God and man. Pride must be where they do.-Hannah Moore. allowed to a certain degree, else a man cannot keep up his dignity. In gluttony there must be eating, in drunkenness

THOUGHTS ON SECONDARY PUNISHMENTS. there must be drinking ; it is not the eating nor drinking

BY ARCHBISHOP WHATELY. that is to be blamed, it is the excess. So in pride.

FALSE COMPASSION.-In respect to the punishment 146

only of the supposed insane, and of juvenile delinquents, We measure from ourselves ; and, as things are for our

but of offenders generally, there is afloat in the world muuha use and purpose, so we approve them. Bring a pear to the Merely excessive and misplaced compassion is, indeed

, au

false (not a little of it, I suspect, affected) tendernes, table that is rotten, and 'tis a fine thing; and yet, I war error as much to be respected as any error can be ; but rant you, the pear thinks as much of itself as the medlar. when compassion is withheld from the deserving, and be We measure the excellency of other men by some excel- stowed only on the undeserving, the error is as odious as it lency we conceive to be in ourselves. Nash, a poor poet, is practically noxious. It seems to me one of the worst seeing an alderman, with his gold chain, upon his great of the nation, that, by the multitude at least, very little

and most barbarian features of the character of a great part horse, cries in scorn, “ Do you see that fellow how big he sympathy, comparatively, is felt, except for the guilty. looks? why, that fellow cannot make a blank verse!" The sufferings inflicted by the hand of justice ought, inded, Nay, we measure the goodness of God from ourselves ; we not to be excessive; that is beyond what the object calls measure his goodness, justice, wisdom, by something we for, and they are at all events to be deplored, since sufiercall just, good, wise, in ourselves ; and, in so doing, we

ing is in itself an evil; but that these should be alone, or judge proportionably to the country fellow in the play, the sufferings from lawless outrage, or apprehended outrago

chiefly pitied by those who are comparatively callous W who said, if he were a king he would live like a lord, and denotes a most disgraceful and a most dangerous state of have pease and bacon every day, and a whip that cried the public

mind. “It

is said that in Corsica, and in several « slash.”

of the Italian States, while it is hardly possible, by the

offer of any amount of pay, to induce a native to accept the | Equity in law is the same that the spirit is in religion, hire, at a moderate price, 'men who will be ready at their

office of public executioner, nothing is more easy than to what every one pleases to make it. Sometimes they go ac- employer's bidding to assassinate any one he may point out cording to conscience, sometimes according to law, some “ He who does an injury to one,” says the Latin property times according to the rule of court. Equity is a ro.

“ threatens it to many." The sense of insecurity, produguish thing; for law we have a measure, know what to ced by every crime that is committed, is by far its worst me trust to ; equity is according to the conscience of him that petual apprehension, though a less evil in each single compte

sult; because uneasiness or distress of mind, from pero is Chancellor, and as that is larger or narrower, so is equity. than the actual occurrence of what is dreaded, is an exa "Tis all one, as if they should make the standard for the which extends to many thousand times more. But for measure we call a foot, a Chancellor's foot. What an un- this, even the crime of murder would be but a compara: certain measure would this be ? One Chancellor has a long tively insignificant evil. For there is hardly any country foot, another a short foot, a third an indifferent foot.* 'Tis in which the whole number of persons murdered annuals the same thing in the Chancellor's conscience.

constitutes more than a very trifling portion of the total | CEREMONY keeps up all things ; 'tis like a penny vial to dered the feeling that one is in continual peril from life

number of deaths. But the apprehension of being mula a rich spirit, or some distilled water : without it the water hand of the assassin, is one of the most intolerable evils were spilt, the spirit lost.

that man can be exposed to. Of all people, women have no reason to cry down cere- ficiently reflect on the sleepless and anxious nights

, the mony; for they think themselves slighted without it. And harassing anxiety, the distressing alarms, the restless and

troublesome precautions,-in short, all the evils implied in How many inches of difference are there between the foot of Eldon, Lyndhurst, and Brougham ? How would the latter have decided

a feeling of insecurity, which are inflicted on thousanls for many equity cases determined by the former-the case of Shelley's chil.

every crime actually perpetrated, will be convinced that dren, for example ? But, is it not miserable to have the fortune and

that person is more truly and properly compassionate la happiness of men depend on the weak judgment or caprice of any one wave all other considerations,) who sets himself to devise

mcans for the protection of the unoffending, than he whos

EQUITY_DISCRETIONARY POWER IN JUDGES.

Any one who will but sut

individual?

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kindly feelings are bestowed chiefly on the violaters of as there is a God in heaven, there are those now alive who the law. And yet the former must prepare himself to ex will live to see at least the western half of Germany a repect from the unthinking, who are in most places the ma- public, 'one and indivisible.'” But, to return to our subjority, to be censured as hard-hearted. In pleading the ject, from which we have wandered so far. cause of the innocent in opposition to the guilty-in urging No men could better read the signs of the political hori. the claims to protection of the peaceable and inoffensive ci- zon than Pitt, and the Ministers of his time ; no men soontizen against the lawless plunderer or incendiary, and in er perceived the growing influence and ability of the press, Fishing that honest men may be relieved from the misery and no men likely to be less scrupulous and unhesitating a. of perpetual terror, by transferring that terror to the evil bout the means to trammel her growing strength, and avert dver, I am sensible that I expose myself (such is the strange the coming storm. Pitt, after taxing the light of God's Is porterted state of many men's feelings) to the charge of day, appropriately set about taxing the light of knowledge ; inhumanity.

and the unjust, oppressive, and partial Taxes on Know

ledge, were the result of his philanthropic exertions. This THE PRESS.

is the “ Heaven-born statesman”--this the man A FREE Press has, from the very invention of printing “ Whose thrilling trump shall rouse the land, up to the present day, been the constant subject of dread, When fraud and danger are at hand.”

til the object of enmity and persecution, to all tyrants, and their attendant herds of fawners and sycophants—to all,

Not content with thus limiting the extent of the sphere in short, who “ hate the light because their deeds are evil.” of the press ; and, to the utmost of their power, virtually

The efforts of the talented and philanthropic Bucking- denying to the poorer and more industrious portion of the Lan, in the East, have been stifled by the aristocratic Di. community any knowledge of, and the use of any strictures pectors of an overgrown and bloated monopoly. The ef- on, the conduct of their rulers, no threats, promises, or gold forts of the Constitutionalists in Spain have met the

were spared, to intimidate, cajole, or bribe this formidable sa fate, though from different hands; and most of the enemy to bad government, to turn the remaining porprincipal promoters of the good cause in that country have tion of its strength to their own uses, and to make it merce ather perished on the scaffold, or been murdered in cold ly the organ and tool of a despotic government. The free blond by the soldiers of the « Beloved Ferdinand ;" utterance of public opinion, through the press, was stopped op are wandering exiles from their homes, considered as for a time ; but, since then, the desire for knowledge has traitors and infidels, and, of course, hated as such, by a bru- advanced with unwearied step in spite of all obstaclestal and ignorant peasantry, the natural effects of their sub

« In vain they trace the wizard ring; action to, and faith in, a bigoted and crafty priesthood. De

In vain they limit mind's unwearied spring;" Wurtz and the patriots of Germany have also been driven to exile, and thrown into dungeons, by a band of petty and with that desire the power and influence of the press ifronts

, leagued together for their own interests and the com- has increased to an amazing extent. The mass of the talent ill.

of the country now seeks a vent through the periodical The tyrants of India, of Spain, and of Germany, knew press. It is undeniably the leader of public opinion, and full well that their deeds could not stand the scrutiny of the ablest descanter on public topics. Its title to these disknowledge, with her myriad eyes,” and that the press was tinctions, and the merits of the various leading journals, we the most efficient disseminator of that knowledge which reserve for discussion till another opportunity. #28 to lay open " their secret ways;" and they did not he [The above is sent us by an anonymous, or rather an ini. stale to sacrifice the promoters of freedom in their respectial correspondent. The communication bears certain marks time dotainions, in order that they might continue their of juvenilty, but is, on the whole, conceived in so hopeful a matem of oppression and misrule. But a day of retribution spirit, that we believe our readers will be gratified with the 3 dl hand. The nations are awakening to a sense of their sentiments expressed. Their appearance has another value. strugth and of their rights. A change has come o'er the There is no doubt that they are the sentiments of millions

irit of the time ; knowledge is overflowing the boundaries of growing minds in this country, and in France and Gerstripted to be set to it; and it is worthy of remark, that many. We are all aware of the seed that has been sowing tasse who most strenuously, and apparently most success for half a century, and it is curious to watch its germina. hulle, attempted to stem the fertilizing torrent, will be the tion.] best to be swept away by its power. The expiry of the East India Charter is at hand, and it is not likely to be rewed. Shall such arbitrary power over the weal or wo The subjoined verses--and it would not be excess of praise of millions be again trusted to the hands of those who have to call them sublime_were lately composed by Elliott of 29 auch abused it? Shall India be again delivered into Sheffield, for the printers of that town, when they celebratthe sands of that Company

ed the passing of the Reform Bill, and carried a PRINTING “Whose minions could despise The heart-wrung anguish of a thousand cries ;

Press in triumph in the procession of the trades: Could lock, with impious hands, their teeming store,

God said, “ Let there be light!” While famished nations died along the shore ?",

Grim darkness felt His might, Will Germany longer submit to her present rulers ? Shall

And fled away. the land that gave birth to the Fathers of the Reformation

Then startled seas, and mountains cold, the men but for whom we might, even now, have been Shone forth all bright in blue and gold, Parrived of the blessings of religious freedom_longer lie at

And cried, “ 'Tis day, 'tis day !" he mercy of some petty tyrants

, whose education has kept theu in ignorance of the interests and feelings of their “ Hail, holy light !” exclaim'd besple, and who bow and cringe at the nod of the more The thunderous cloud, that flamed geful tyrants of Austria and Prussia ?

O'er daisies white;

And lo ! the rose, in crimson dress'd,
“Shall blind and despot monarchs quell
The land whence Luther sprung ;

Lean'd sweetly on the lily's breast,
Where Klopstok hymned, and Korner fell,

And blushing, murmur'd “ Light !"
And wizard Schiller sung?”.

Then was the lark upborn ; Kings must now live for the people—the people will Then rose the embattled corn ; Senger live for them. Over Burns' “ wee bit German

Then streams of praise a storm is about to burst, which, to use the words Flow'd o'er the sunny hills of noon; an eloquent writer, “ shall sweep the puny apes of mon And when night came, the pallid moon archy and their tinsel state from off the land; and, as sure

Pour'd forth her pensiye lays.

Lo, heaven's bright bow is glad !

beginning of the world they had been created, long ere this Lo, trees and flowers all clad

their race would have heen extinct, the first intense fryt In glory, bloom!

after the creation would have finished their brief existence. And shall the immortal sons of God

Navigation could have made no progress, for the quantity of Be senseless as the trodden clod,

water would be always very small, not more than sufficient And darker than the tomb?

to serve the domestic and manufacturing purposes of mankind.

Let us suppose that the whole of the rivers, lakes, &C No! By the MIND of Man!

in the world are in a solid condition in consequence of intens By the swart ARTISAN!

and continued frost, (which we must admit if no exceptiva By GOD, our SIRE !

to the general law had existed,) and that spring. is coming Our souls have holy light within,

when the sun begins to shine longer and more effectual ou And every form of grief and sin

our earth, a small portion of ice would be dissolved, which Shall see and feel its fire.

would remain on the surface and prevent the sun's rays By earth, and hell, and heaven,

from acting on the mass, the heat would now be comma. The shroud of souls is riven ;

cated from particle to particle, (in the same manner as in MIND, MIND alone

any other solid, for there would be no currents now, as Is light, and hope, and life, and power ;

when in the fluid condition,) one circumstanee would add Earth's deepest night, from this blessed hour,

to the smallness of the quantity of water dissolved, namely, The night of minds, is gone.

its being a very imperfect conductor of heat. Now, just sup The second Ark we bring :

pose summer is at hand, when the sun's rays are very “ The Press !" all nations sing ;

powerful, and man has to hide himself in the shade to What can they less ?

escape their scorching influence, and to this add the inte.

ence that the sun would have in the months of Autum, Oh, pallid want! oh, labour stark!

still the quantity melted would be very small. In a state Behold we bring the second ArkThe Press! the Press! the Pres3!

of things as mentioned above, we would see no stately river emerging from a glass-smooth lake, watering and

fertilizing the land through which it wound its devio ON THE PURPOSE SERVED IN THE ECONOMY OF NATURE, BY path, until it was swallowed up in the mighty ocean

THE EXPANSION OF WATER INTO A STATE OF ICE, AND HOW The ocean herself would stand still, she would now refus THIS EXPANSION WHICH IS AN EXCEPTION TO THE LAW OF

to obey the calls of the moon, as she was wont; angling,

and all the other modes of fishing would be unknown as OTHER BODIES, ILLUSTRATES THE DIVINE WISDOM.

arts; ship-building, as an art, would also be unknown. All substances, when heat is thrown into them, become Numberless, indeed, are the privations that man would be larger in their dimensions in length, breadth, and thickness, subjected to, too numerous to be mentioned here. and when the heat is again abstracted, a corresponding con The very circumstance of these being an exception to traction takes place; from this it has been considered as

this law, proves, that the Deity, at the beginning, in arranga law, that bodies become larger by the addition of, and ing matter, and stamping laws thereon according to the

purpose of his mighty plan, was not indifferent as to the comsmaller by the abstraction of caloric. One would expect from fort of the inhabitants of the earth, and did not create, mthis, that the greater the quantity of heat you throw into a thinkingly or without a purpose ; but, knowing the cons. body, the greater would be its increase of volume, and the quence of every action, he obviated evils by making escepe more you cooled any substance, the more it would contract

tions to general laws; and there is none that shows the

Divine Wisdom more than this exception to the general in its dimensions. Generally this is the case ; but there is one

law of expansion. When, then, we see such an arrangement striking exception, which serves a very important purpose

so well calculated for our comfort and furtherance in socina in the economy of nature. In speaking of a law of na- ty, can we for a moment stand on as spectators and not je. ture, I do not mean any inherent property of matter, but a our feeble voices in thanksgiving to the Great God whose law stamped on it by the hand of the Deity : Nature of her-infinite foreknowledge saw beforehand how much such a self could neither make laws nor put them into execution, law, without an exception, would annoy us, and temore! were it not for a far greater power, namely, “ Nature's the cause of annoyance.—{This is another juvenile essay on God.”

good promise.] Water, in being cooled, decreases in volume, until it ar

STANZAS. rives at the 40th degree of Fahrenheit; when, instead of

BY DAVID VED DEN. contracting further, it begins to expand, and continues to do

When the orb of morn enlightens

Hill and mountain, mead and dell; so, until it assumes the solid condition. On the contrary, on

When the dim horizon brightens, adding caloric to ice, instead of expanding, (as, according to

And the serried clouds dispel; the law one would expect,) it actually contracts until it

And the sun-flower eastward bending

Its fidelity to prove,-, again arrives at the 40th degree of Fahrenheit, where it

Be thy gratitude ascending, throws off this peculiar character and follows the usual

Unto Him whose name is love. law.

When the vesper-star is beaming, Had the Deity made no exception to the general law of

In the coronet of even; expansion,mark the consequences when the cold weather

And lake and river gleaming, of winter had set in with its usual attendant frost, the water

With the ruddy hues of heaven ; on the surface of rivers, lakes, &c. would have been cooled,

When a thousand notes are blending

In the forest and the grove, consequently contracted, and of course would have fallen to

Be thy gratitude ascending, the bottom, and again another layer would have been cool.

Unto Him whose name is lore. ed and fallen also, and so on until the whole had become one

When the stars appear in millions, mass of solid ice, which would have proved fatal to the

In the portals of the west; lives of the animals contained in it; man would have been

Bespangling the pavilions deprived of fish as a constituent of his food, and no traces

Where the blessed are at rest; of their having once existed would be seen, except, perhaps,

When the milky way is glowing in the heart of a block of ice, as the bones of the mammoth

In the cope of heaven above,

Let thy gratitude be flowing, just now are found in the earth ; for suppose that at the

Unto him whose name is love.

POETXY FOR THE YOUNG.

trained practitioner to shame. John Williamson, alias THE DOVE SENT FORTH FROM THE ARK.

Johnny Notions, was some twenty years back the practical

philosopher of his parish, South and Mid Yell, in Shetland. Go! beautiful and gentle Dove,

He practised inoculation with the greatest success, because
And greet the morning ray,
For lol the sun shines bright above,

his practice was guided by sound principles. His most reAnd night and storm are passed away.

markable proceeding was, allowing the small-pox matter to No longer drooping here, confined

mellow, or meliorate, by long keeping. First procuring the In this cold prison, dwell;

best matter, he kept it for seven or eight years; and peat Go! free to sunshine, and to wind,

reek dried it. His only healing-plaster was a cabbageSweet bird, go forth, and fare thee well!

leaf. Johnny Notions, besides his high faculties, was a Oh! beautiful and gentle Dove, Thy welcome sad will be,

tailor, joiner, watch-mender, blacksmith, gunsmith, &c. &c.-When thou shalt hear no voice of love,

a most invaluable kind of person in a rude and unaccomIn murmure from the leafy tree :

modated society, where the Jack-of-all-Trades is supreme. Yet freedom, freedom shalt thou find,

THE OLDEN TIME.-The stories told of the fine climate From this cold prison's cell :

of Scotland, cannot be wholly fabulous. In every country Go thon to sunshine, and to wind;

parish the old people remember, or were told, of weather so Sweet bird, go forth, and fare thee well!

warm, even in May, that the ploughs were unyoked soon MY BIRTHDAY.

after sunrise. Travelling through the meadows in the loans “ My birthday !"_what a different sound That word had in my youthful ears !

of Fearn, (a parish in Easter Ross,) in some places drops of And how, each time the day comes round,

honey were seen on the dew on the long grass and planLess and less white its mark appears !

tain, sticking to their shoes, as they walked along on a When first our scanty years are told,

May morning! In other parts their shoes were oiled, as It seems like pastime to grow old;

with cream, in going through the meadows. Sweetness and And, as Youth counts the shining links,

fatness !—These were the times! When a man could buy a That time around him binds so fast, Pleas'd with the task, he little thinks

pair of shoes or brogues for 10d., and a stone of cheese for How hard that chain will press at last.

the same money! Unfortunately, a famine, or severe scarVain was the man, and false as vain,

city, sometimes visited these Highland Goshens. Who said“ were he ordain'd to run

OLD RENTS.Mr. Fordyce of Ardo, who circumnavi. His long career of life again,

gated the globe with Anson, when he took possession of his He would do all that he had done."

estate, found the mansion-house, and forty acres, let for Ah! 'tis not thus the voice, that dwells

L.3, 6s. 8d. a-gear. Wishing to go abroad again, he offered In sober birthdays, speaks to me ; Far otherwise-of time it tells,

to renew his tenant's lease, and asked if he would give a Lavish'd unwisely, carelessly

rent of L.5. ** Na, by my faith ; God has gi'en me mair Of counsel mock'd--of talents, made

wit,” replied the Aberdeen man. In a few years afterwards Haply for high and pure designs,

this farm produced a rent of L.1, 5s. an acre !; Bat oft, like Israel's incense, laid Upon unholy, earthly shrines

A farmer in the Highlands had a very careless servant, Of nursing many a wrong desire

and from the artful manner in which he concealed his Of wandering after Love too far, And taking every meteor fire,

faults, it was with considerable difficulty, and not till seThat cross'd my pathway, for his star!

rious losses had ensued, that they could be discovered. One All this it tells, and, could I trace

of his chief crimes consisted in his reckless management of Th' imperfect picture o'er again,

the plough. He did not consider it of much importance With power to add, retouch, efface,

whether the soil was regularly turned up or not; he The lights and shades, the joy and pain,

thought it enough if he got the surface to bear an even and How little of the past would stay! How quickly all should melt away

proper appearance, so as to conceal the blemishes that were

below. With this view, when his plough stumbled upon All_but that Freedom of the Mind, Which hath been more than wealth to me;

any impediment, or jumped over a part of the furrow, Those friendships, in my boyhood twined,

which it ought to have turned up, in the next round or And kept till now unchangingly ;

bout he took care to make the plough run so deep, as to And that dear home, that saving Ark,

turn up a sufficient quantity of earth, both for the present Where Love's true light at last I've found, furrow, and to cover the part he had previously leaped over. Cheering within, when all grows dark,

This was a very common occurrence with him; and he And comfortless, and stormy round! MOORE.

seemed to exult in the execution of the deception ; for on its SCRAPS.

completion, he was known frequently to exclaim, “ That ORIGINAL AND SELECTED.

haps that.” His master had, in consequence, suffered con. JOHNNY Notions, a Rustic EscuLAPIUS.—Besides siderable detriment. He had tried every means he could Mr. “ Hornbook of the Clachan,” every district in think of for reclaiming his servant from the error of his Scotland, thirty or forty years ago, had its rural me ways, but all in vain ; and at last he resolved to disdical practitioner. In thinly-peopled regions, these may miss him. Before putting this ultimatum into execution, still be found, of both sexes, though the surgical department however, he wished to make trial of an expedient which is generally left to the men, while the old ladies are the had not hitherto occurred to him. One day, while the b consulting physicians. There must be great ignorance and servant was ploughing, and pursuing his usual practice of presumption among members of this ungraduated faculty; happing, or covering, his master quietly followed him down but only the conceit and bigotry of science can deny that one of the furrows. He had not proceeded far when sevethese self-educated physicians, like rare self-educated per- ral minor jumps occurred ; at last the raising and downfall kons in other professions, sometimes discover knowledge of a great quantity of earth, which extended over a large und enlightened experience which may put the regularly. I scar, caused the servant to exclaim, with much emphasis,

A HIGHLAND CURE.

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by Joux MACLEOD, and ATKINSON & Co
Booksellers, Glasgow and sold by all Booksellers and Venden of

A HINT TO SCOTTISH GARDENERS.

“ That haps* that." His master immediately seized him stated above, the population of Great Ritain being fourby the collar, took his bonnet from his head, and, with a teen millions, the allowance, therefor, of meal to each

tot . derstruck culprit stood amazed, and it was sometime before lation, would be twenty-six pecks yearly, or one hall perk either opened their lips. At last the master placed the bon per week. Further, besides corn to the horses, each horse

will consume in twenty-four hours—wo stone of hay; net on the poor fellow's bruised head, and staring him in this is a very moderate allowance. At this rate the numthe face, said, “ That haps that." This practical lesson ber of stones consumed are two millions per day, or fourhad the desired effect, and reclaimed the servant from his teen millions per week, or seven hundred and thirty mi?. besetting sin.

V. lions yearly. Allowing, therefore, two hundred stone ANECDOTE OF THE Rev. EBENEZER ERSKINE.-At one per acre, on an average, to produce the above qurotity, time, after travelling, towards the end of the week, from Port- the number of acres would amount to three millions sit moak to the banks of the Forth, on his way to Edinburgh, he, hundred and fifty thousand acres of land. Now these with several others, was prevented by a storm from crossing acres planted with potatoes, and supposing the produce to that frith. Thus obliged to remain in Fife during the Sabbath, be twenty bolls per acre, the quantity produced woull be he was employed to preach, it is believed, in Kinghorn. Con- twenty-three millions of bolls, being upwards of eights. formably to his usnal practice, he prayed earnestly in the morn. three pecks yearly, or one peck and a half per week to ing for the divine countenance and aid in the work of the

day: each individual. —Glasgow Chronicle. but suddenly missing his note-book, he knew not what to do. His thoughts, however, were directed to that command, “ Thou

ORCHARDS IN SCOTLAND.-Mr. Cobbett, in his account of shilt not kill';" and having studied the subject with as much Scotland, speaking of the orchards on the banks of the Clyde

, care as the time would permit, he delivered a short sermon on says, "an orchard is not a mere matter of ornament or of plesit in the forenoon after the lecture. Having returned to his

sure here, but of prodigious profit ; under the apple and pear., lodging, he gave strict injunctions to the servant that no one

trees are gooseberry or currant bushes, very well managed in should be allowed to see him during the interval of worship. general; and these orchards very frequently yield more iban a A stranger

, however, who was also one of the persons detained land! Like other things, the fruit bere has fallen in price size by the state of the weather, expressed an earnest desire to see the minister ; and having with difficulty obtained admittance, the time of the panic; and therefore the pecuniary produe of appeared much agitated, and asked him, with great eagerness, orchards, like that ofields and manufactories, has been greatly whether he knew him, or had ever seen or heard of him. On diminisbed. But these orchards are always a source of very receiving assurance that he was totally unacquainted with his considerable income. I think that my friend, Mr.

M'Garin

, face, character, and history, the gentleman proceeded to state, Hamilton, told me that his orchard,

which is less than an Eag. that his sermon on the sixth commandment had reached his lish acre, has yielded him eighty pounds a-year clear money ;

dozen conscience; that he was a murderer ; that, being the second and it is no uncommon thing for the proprietor of ten or a son of a Highland laird, he had some time before, from base acres to sell the fruit by auction upon the trees, for something and selfish motives, cruelly suffocated his elder brother, who approaching a bundred pounds an acre. In our apple counts slept in the same bed with him; and that now he had no peace of po man thinks of any thing but fruit to make cider and perey ; mind, and wished to surrender himself to justice, to suffer the here the whole is table fruit, and I have never seen so greats punishment due to this horrid and unnatural crime. Mr. Ers- variety of fine apples in England, at one time, as I saw on the kine asked him if any other person knew any thing of his guilt

. table of Mr. Hamilton, of Dalzell House." His answer was, that, so far as he ivas aware, not a single in. dividual bad the least suspicion of it; on which the good

The different species of apples, which grow in central man exhorted him to be deeply affected with a sense of his Russia, were brought from Astrakhan, Persia, and Kabaodia atrocious sin, to make an immediate application to the blood of The Europead kinds are rare. The apple of Kircvsk, though sprinkling, and to bring forth fruits meet for repentance ; but, very large, is agreeable to the taste. Some of them weigh more at the same time, since in Providence his crime had hitherto than four pounds. The transparent apple thrives in the coremained a secret, not to disclose it, or give himself up to pub- veraments of Vladimir and Moscow; it is said to bave been lic justice. The unhappy gentleman embraced this well-intend imported from China, but many consider it indigenous to the ed counsel in all its parts, became truly pious, and maintained

Crimea. It is so permeable to light that the seeds are seen a friendly correspondence with this servant of the Most High through it. God" in future life. It is added, that after he withdrew, the

It is not a little extraordinary that the gardeners of Res: minister had the happiness to recover the manuscript formerly tow, in the government of Jaroslavl, are superior to any of missing; and, in consequence, preached in the afternoon on the Europe. Though unaided by the lights of science, and witbtopic he had originally in view.

out resources, contending against a rigorous climate, they rep BENEFIT OF STEAM. A cry is raised by many against ply Petersburg and Moscow with all kinds of early vegetable. the use of Steam, by its doing away in a great measure the real Russian gives himself little trouble about such pero the working of the handicraft, and being the means of suits.Malte Brun, Vol. 6. : lowering his wages, maintaining that distress must always be in the country so long as machinery is encouraged, and ever been tried as to their susceptibilities of cultivation in Scol

Have these apples ever been grown in Scotland? Hare they having a desire, when once the new Parliament meets, land ? If not, why? that some opposition to machinery will take place. The number of horses in Great Britain for which duty was

TO CORRESPONDENTS. paid in 1821, was 1,780,000; but an allowance may be made as an increase for the last eleven years, so that

Several poems and other communications are received, and will be the number may be estimated at two millions. Now,

attended to at leisure. We have little space for fugitive poetry

The letter of R. P. dated Newcastle, is on a subject near our hearts supposing that one-half of those horses were set aside It will not be forgotten. To unknown friends in various quarters, in consequence of Steam Carriages, what would be beg to make warm acknowledgments. We have also to seknowient.com the saving in regard of provisions to the population, was going to press.

the receipt of several books, some of which came just as this Number estimated at fourteen millions? We shall allow, therefore, for one million of horses, one peck of corn to each in twenty-four hours, no doubt, a great many of them do Political Truths.. not get so much ; but, on the other hand, many of them Books of the Month get a great deal more. At this rate, therefore, the con

STORY-TELLER.... sumpt would be sixty-two thousand five hundred bolls each ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT ........... day, or four bundred and thirty-seven thousand and five hundred bolls each week, or twenty-two millions eight

Expansion of Water... hundred and twelve thousand and five hundred bolls in one

Scraps-Original and Selected : -Johnny Notions, &c... 23 year. What a large quantity, say meal for corn, to be used and consumed by the people of Great Britain an

EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JORN JOHNSTONE, 19, st. Jasper pually, instead of being used for food to horses alone. As

Square.--Published by JOHN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, s, samt Hides, conceals.

Cheap Periodicals,

CONTENTS OF NO. XIX.

Notes of the Month

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