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In 1827

805

MARY.

DISSENTERS IN ENGLAND.
BY CHARLES WOLFE.

In the SCHOOL MASTER, No. 12, we gave an account of the If I had thought thou couldst have died,

Secession Church of Scotland ; which comprehends nearly I might not weep for thee; But I forgot, when by thy side,

all the Scottish Dissenters. We are now able, by a statisti. That thou couldst mortal be:

cal summary of 1829, to report on the three great deIt never through my mind had past,

nominations of England, though the number must have The time would e'er be o'er,

increased since then. And I on thee should look my last,

ore! And thou shouldst smile no

Presby. Indep. Bapt.

Total, In 1812

799 And still upon that face I look,

204
1,205

2,212 And think 'twill smile again;

In 1829

258

1,289 888 And still the thought I will not brook,

The places of Unitarian worship are calculated at aboat That I must look in vain !

300. It is estimated that the English congregations now But when I speak—thou dost not say,

amount to a MILLION of communicants. A hundred years What thou ne'er leftist unsaid;

ago there was not a single Protestant dissenting college, And now I feel, as well I may,

missionary, tract, or Bible Society--scarcely a Sunday Sweet Mary! thou art dead!

school! Dissenting academies are now established throughIf thou wouldst stay, e'en as thou art,

out the kingdom, supported by munificent endowments, All cold and all serene,

and large annual donations and subscriptions. Many of I still might press thy silent heart,

the young men annually enjoy the advantages of foreign And where thy smiles have been !

universities. Upwards of L.200,000 a-year is raised by the While e'en thy chill, bleak corse I have,

Protestant dissenters for public institutions connected with Thou seemest still mine own;

the dissemination of religious instruction. It cannot be But there I lay thee in thy grave

denied that the education of the bulk of the people originat. And I am now alone!

ed with the dissenters, and forced the Church, in self-de

fence, to educate their poor. Most of the great manufacTHE ORIGINAL JEREMY DIDDLER.

tures of the kingdom commenced, and still remain in the From Taylor's Records.

hands of the Protestant dissenters; and no small share of BIBB, THE ENGRAVER.—How Bibb supported himself, the active capital of the country is vested in the same class having relinquished engraving, it ļwould besdifficult to con. They are the leading public men in all our towns intelliceive, if he had not levied taxes upon all whom he knew, gent, public-spirited, active and patriotic. These facts are insomuch that, besides his title of Count, he acquired that known to our ministers ; but as no cabinet ministers ar of “ Half-crown Bibb,” by which appellation he was ge- privy counsellors (except a few Scotch Presbyterians) are nerally distinguished, and according to a rough, and, per- dissenters, these facts cannot be too prominently statel, haps, fanciful estimate, he had borrowed at least L.2000 in that our rulers may view them in connection with the Es. half-crowns.

tablished Church. The elements of this vast, increasing, I remember to have met him on the day when the death and active influence will soon, if we mistake not, be per. of Dr. Johnson was announced in the newspapers, and ex-ceived in active fusion in the reformed House of Commorts. pressed my regret at the loss of so great a man ; Bibb in

The Protestant dissenters will no longer endure the fiscal terrupted me, and spoke of him as a man of no genius, extortions which tax them for the support of a state religion, whose mind contained nothing but the lumber of learning. that can no longer claim a majority of adherents. Most I was modestly beginning a panegyric upon the doctor, ardently do we hope that this all-important and pressing when he again interrupted me with, “ Oh! never mind subject will receive the early and bold attention of ministhat old blockhead ; have you such a thing as ninepence Such scenes as those enacted at Birmingham demand about you ?" Luckily for him, I had a little more.

immediate attention, or the reformers of that town will There was something so whimsical in this incident, that agitate a second great national question. Church reforin I mentioned it to some friends, and that and others of the

must demand the most early and mature consideration. The same kind, doubtless, induced Mr. Kenny to make him the monopoly of the Church must follow to the tomb of the Cahero of his diverting farce, called “ Raising the Wind." pulets that of the Bank, the East India, and corporate moAnother circumstance of a similar nature was told me by nopolies. Religion suffers under the restrictive system : Mr. Morton, whose dramatic works are deservedly popu- what the people demand, and will obtain, is a free trade lar. He told me that Bibb met him one day after the in religion, as far as is consistent with existing beneficial successful performance of one of his plays, and, conclud- | institutions. We trust that some measures will be taken ing that a prosperous author ought to have plenty of cash, to prevent the enforcement of the law against the Birmingcommenced his solicitation accordingly, and ventured to

ham rate-payers. No good can result from coercion. The ask him for the loan of a whole crown. Morton assured law will only add “fuel to the fire." him that he had no more silver than three shillings and

The following passage in Mr. Sharon Turner's History sixpence. Bibb readily accepted them, of course, but said of England, in relation to the contests between the Puri. on parting, “ Remember, I intended to borrow a crown,

tans and Episcopalians, bears strongly on the pending ques so you owe me eightcen-pence.”

tion of Church reform :-“ The Commons were not dis This pitiful creature, Taylor tells us, died on the same

couraged. They represented again that divers men of Holy night that the farce of Raising the Wind was brought out. Church had not been resident on their livings; and express To him, we presume, we may owe the slang verb to diddle, ly added, that, by this neglect, the people had fallen into i e. to cheat out of small sums in a paltry way. Mr. Tay- Lollardies and heresies, for default of teaching. The governlor, who, it will be seen, was a character himself, intro- ment was as unable as unwilling to remedy the evil, and duces another family groupe, which might furnish another chose therefore to meet this last application by an assertion, slang verb, to pinchbeck. In Scotland we have often had

that the existing laws were sufficient, if executed, and to families of Pinchbecks, one member a Jacobite, another a join the Church in repressing its opponents.

The fierce Whig, with a steady eye to the family interest, and an excellent understanding at bottom. The Pinchbecks, he the only weapons they ought to have used-reason, lax,

crown did not choose to be neuter, and leave the church a says, were three brothers, They had invented the metal and wise reformation. The crown determined to fighs which went by their name, and to attract public attention the battle for it, and fell with its steadiest supporters. they pretended to quarrel, and advertised against each other, all claiming the invention, and proclaiming the superi. ority of the article in which each of them dealt. They

THE CHURCH AND THE DISSENTERS. were, however, upon the most amicable footing in reality, Paragraph from the St James's Chronicle, in 1787. and used to meet every night and divide the profits of the day. “ Some years ago, the Dissenting Ministers applied to

ters.

Parliament for relief from subscription to the articles of the

MEDICAL SELECTIONS.
Church of England, and were twice refused. But they per-
Severed, and their third application was attended with suc-

AIR. cess Their petition occasioned several debates in both THE researches of modern chemistry have determined that Houses. In the House of Peers, Lord Lyttleton urged, the atmosphere is not a uniform fluid, but a mixture of two among other things, in favour of Dissenting Ministers, the principal elastic fluids, with a few others in very minute manifest integrity and disinterestedness of their conduct. Dr. Drummond, Archbishop of York, observed, that they proportions, and that it holds in solution a varying quantity were men of close ambition. Lord Chatham said, “ After of watery vapour. The composition of one hundred parts such proofs of honesty, to suspect men of close ambition, is of atmospherical air, freed from all adventitious mixture, to judge uncharitably; and whoever brings this charge is seventy-nine parts of a gas called azote, or nitrogen ; and against them without proof, defames,” (here he made a short twenty-one parts of another gas, named oxygen gas. Atpause, and the eyes of all were turned to the Archbishop, who made no reply.) Lord Chatham then repeated his mospherical air is indispensably necessary for the breathing words, and added, “ The Dissenting Ministers are repre- of animals ; and atmospheric air may also be considered as sented as men of close ambition ; my Lords, their ambition the great supporter of combustion; though inflammable is to keep close to the College of Fishermen, not of Cardi- bodies will burn in"some other gases, yet these gases are unnals, and to the doctrine of inspired apostles, not to the de

When, by crees of interested aspiring Bishops. They contend for a Scrip common, except when artificially produced. tural creed, a Scriptural worship. We, my Lords, have a various methods familiar to chemists, the oxygenous porCalvinistical creed, a Popish Liturgy, and an Arminiantion of the atmosphere is separated from the azotic, it is clergy. The Reformation has laid open the Scriptures to found that an animal dies, and a burning body is extinall; let not the Bishops shut them again. Laws, in support guished in azote : we hence conclude that it is only the of ecclesiastical power, are pleaded for, which it would oxygenous part of the atmosphere that is fit for the purshock humanity to execute. It is, that religious sects have done great mischief when they were not kept under strict

poses of respiration and combustion. Air is, by these prorestraint. My Lords, history affords no proof that sects breathing. It is a curious, but difficult subject of investi,

cesses, continually becoming more and more unfit for have ever been mischievous, when they were not oppressed gation, by what means purity is restored to the air, and and persecuted by the ruling Church.”

how it continues to be fit for the respiration of animals, Bishop BURNET'S ADVICE TO BIFHOPS.— I wish the believed that this is owing to the functions of the leaves

though exposed to many sources of contamination. It is pomp of living and the keeping high tables could be quite of plants. When they are exposed to the bright light of taken away : it is great charge, and no very decent one ; a day, they are continually absorbing the carbon of the car. great devourer of time; it lets in much promiscuous com.

bonic acid which exists in the air and water on which they pany anul much vain discourse upon you : even civility may feed, and giving out oxygen gas. By this means the purity carry you too far in a freedom and familiarity that will make you look too like the rest of the world. I hope this

of the atmosphere is preserved with wonderfully little vari.

ation. is a burden to you : it was, indeed, one of the greatest burders of my life to see so much time lost-to hear so much been long unchanged, in which one or more human bodies

Change of air in apartments necessary. -Air that has idle talk, and to be living in a luxurious waste of that have been confined, is possessed of qualities highly dangerwhich might have been much better bestowed. I had not strength enough to break through that which custom has from the fevers and other ailments which arise in jails,

ous and even destructive; as we see in many instances imposed on those provided with plentiful bishoprics. I pray God to help you to find a decent way of laying them and propriety of free ventilation in houses of every de

Hence the necessity

ships, and other confined apartments. down

scription; of daily admitting a thorough current of air

into sleeping-rooms, and indeed into every room of the SIMON PETER'S SHIP.

house. From the neglect of this ventilation, arises the SIMON PETER was the owner

dangerous and malignant fevers in the confined and illOf a goodly bark, though small;

ventilated dwellings in the closes, alleys, and courts of large He to his successors left her

towns. Since attention has been called to this circumstance, As she stood—a fishing yawl.

how seldom do we hear of the ship or the jail fevers. But so cunning bishers were they,

Though the fever, which was formerly so fatal in ships and And so great their booty grew,

jails, is still lamentably prevalent somewhere or other, and That ere long they found, unless they

though we still hear of towns or tracts of territory being Should enlarge, 'twould never do.

visited with its depopulating scourge, it is not in ships or Hence the boat became a galleon,

jails that it is suspected to take its rise, but in the abodes Next she to a frigate passed,

of slothful and sqnalid poverty, where no judicious and Then, with deep mouth'd thunder bellowing, directing mind enforces the necessity of ventilation and Bounced a man of war at last.

cleanliness. But, alas ! a crazy sheer hulk,

Even in the apartment where a patient is in bed, the Of each true blue tar the sport,

fear of his catching cold should not prevent us from occaNow is all you may see of her,

sionally changing the air of it, by opening the doors and Rotting day by day in port.

windows for a few minutes at a time, taking care not to Times a thousand she's been keel-hauled expose the sick person to the current of air, but closing the All in vain,.-0 an't it better

curtains, and using such other precautions as common sense To skuttle her at once, and take to

will readily suggest. The good old yawl of Simon Peter.

Means of purifying the AIR from Contagion.—There CURATE.

are various methods practised, to correct the bad air in THE LARCH.-Larch timber was first introduced into ducing diseases. Morveau in France made many esperi

sick-chambers, and if possible, to destroy its power of prothis country by the late Duke of Argyll. The two first

ments on the best means of disinfecting the air, and Dr. trees of this species implanted by his Grace are still ing at Dunkeld; they have been transferred from the

ow. Thomson, in his Chemistry, gives the result of these exgreenhouse to the open air, and are said to be magnificent &c. have no effect whatever.

periments. Odorous bodies, as benzoin, aromatic plants,

There are four substances specimens ; although some of their offspring growing in the which have the power of destroying contagious matter and neighbourhood of Blatry in Scotland, are much more so, having attained the height of 120 feet.

Vide Hinte for Invalids, Schoolmaster, page 61,-East Wind, page 39.

or

INQUESTS EXTRAORDINARY

Figaro in London

of purifying the air, viz. acetic acid, or vinegar, nitric acid, think the steel-trade, in these profitless days, is not a heary, muriatic acid, and chlorine. Acetic acid cannot easily be hard-working trade, come and break out a ton." A mua obtained in sufficient quantity, and in a state of sufficient of his knowledge and energy was not likely to remain the concentration, to be employed with advantage. Nitric

mere workman of another. Elliott, though labouring with acid may be attended with some inconvenience, because it his hands and head, is his own master, as well as his chil. is almost always contaminated with nitrous gas. Muria- dren's provider. But we must briefly advert to his origin tic acid and chlorine are not attended with these incon- and his youth. His father, a man of education and on veniences; the last deserves the preference, because it acts great natural humour, was a commercial clerk in an ima with greater energy and rapidity.

establishment, and also a Jacobin,--the name given in 4 Air, considered with reference to the cause, the those days to the friends of liberty by the artifice of its eza cure,

the mitigation of diseases.—Many circum- mies, and meant to express the last degree of whatever ** stances connected with air, which chemistry is unable to ruffianly and opprobrious. “He was,” his son writes, * * trace or explain, are much to be attended to in a me- Jacobin, marked as such, and hunted, literally hunted vrat, dícal point of view. Under the article ague, we have of society on that account. The yeomanry used to awe already mentioned the bad air from marshy grounds; themselves, periodically, by backing their horses through and in the article immediately preceding, we have stated his windows 1,” says Elliott, “ I have not forgotten tu the danger of other fevers from the malignant efluvia from English Reign of Terror ; there you have the source animal bodies ; we have also to mention that the air seems my political tendencies." This holds in thousands of ibx - él. to carry the infection of other diseases, as small-pox, stances besides that of Mr. Elliott. The blood of the mark measles, hooping-cough, scarlet-fever, &c. Some of these tyrs of freedom, in the end of the last century, has been the contagions, as the small-pox, taint the air with a peculiar fruitful seed of liberty in this. The children of the per te disagreeable smell ; but in general, the sense perceives nothing different from common air. The air of certain places now...Tait's Edinburgh Magazine.

cuted then, are among the most determined of the Radicals is justly supposed to have an influence in giving a tendency

CONCISE AND STRIKING.– A woman who lately show to certain diseases, or even to bring them on. The crouped the house and pictures at Easton Newton, near Towceki is frequent in cold damp situations, exposed to the east ter, the seat of the Earl of Pomfret, expressed herself wind, or near the sea. The sea air is unfavourable in cer

these words :—“ This picture is Sir Robert Tummer: tain states of consumption; or in affections of the breast, lived in the country, took care of his estate, built this how you which would probably end in that disease. The mild and

paid for it; managed well, saved money, and died rick equable air of the country, unloaded with the endless va

That is his son ; he was made a Lord, spent his estate, and riety of matters mixing with the air in the neighbourhood died a beggar." of large towns, is favourable to recovery from many ailments, as indigestion, dropsy, jaundice, breast complaints,

Found dead, a rat-no case could sure be harder, asthmas, the wasting disease of children, as also to that

Verdict-Confined a week in Eldon's larder. feeble state of constitution which has not received any appropriate name. It is remarkable that some persons in

Died, Sir Charles Wetherell's laundress, honest Suey asthma are not better in air which we should think the

Verdict-Ennui-so little work to do.purest. Change of air, even to a worse, has been found of service in hooping-cough ; but it is useless to attempt a

PROLIFIC WALNUT-TREE.—A cottager at Warsop, nes cure by this at an early period of the disease, as it is hardly 60,000 ripe walnuts, allowing, as they are usually cold,

Mansfield, has gathered from a walaut-tree in his posseesisti possible by any means to prevent it from running on a score to the hundred, part of which he sold at one shillings considerable time. In general, it is hardly worth while to hundred, and the remainder tenpence ; therefore, calculating try a change of air, till the cough has continned distinctly the whole 60,000 to be sold at tenpence only, the tree produk di at least a month or six weeks, with the back draught. at that rate, L.25. It must also be understood, that

, in the A good deal of the influence of the air on the skin and pickling season, when green, some thousands were also gathered lungs must depend on its degree of moisture or dryness. which are not reckoned in the above calculation. When there is much watery vapour in the air, it is less

DOMESTIC Yeast.---Ladies who are in the habit of meeking able to receive more : and the perspirable matter from the domestic bread, cake, &c., are informed, that they can eade skin not being carried off, we shall appear to perspire more, directions : Boil one pound of good floor, a quarter of a persona

manufacture their own yeast, by attending though in reality the perspiration is less. In like manner, of brown sugar, and a little sale, in two gallons of water, it the watery vapour which is continually thrown off by the

one hour. When milk warm, bottle it and cork it close.) lungs is not carried away fast enough by a heavy moist will be fit for use in twenty-four hours. One pint of this year atmosphere; and in certain diseases of the lungs, in colds, will make eighteen pounds of bread. consumptions, asthmas, &c., some patients, according to the quantity of watery vapour or mucous exhaled from the lungs, will be benefited either by dry air or the contrary.

CONTENTS OF NO. XVII. It is wrong, therefore, to lay down any general rule about a particular spot or climate, as its good or bad effects will

HOLYDAY RAMBLES, No. IV.-The Fildon Hills... vary according to the state of the disease in each parti Civilization of Africa.............. cular patient.--Macaulay's Medical Dictionary.

POPULAR SCIENCE.-On the Formation of Dew-Fixed Stars, SCRAPS.

A Bachelor's Complaint of the Behaviour of Married People.

STATISTICS-Cattle and Sheep-Irish Trade with Liverpool, &c.25 Original and Selected.

COLUMN FOR THE Young.–Sir Philip Sydney--Inscription for ANECDOTE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT. The following a Tablet at Penshurst, &c.... anecdote may help to show that Sir Walter had at times a THE STORY-Teller-Legend of the Rose of Alhambra,

Phæbe Dawson.... very high opinion of his own dignity. The writer of this had often occasion, in the course of business, to write to

Cobbett the Younger-Character of a Parish Priest...

Mary—The Original Jeremy Diddler-Dissenters in England..970 him. On one occasion he sent Sir Walter a card, fastened

Bishop Burnet's Advice to Bishops-Simon Peter's Ship...... with a wafer. Sir Walter immediately returned it, folded MEDICAL SELECTIONS.-Air, &c. ................. inside out, with a cross at the wafer, and this pithy reply, SCRAPS, Original and Selected.-Anecdote of Sir Walter Scott, " I am not a particular man, but I detest wafers."

&c. The Author of the Corn Law Rhymes, &C..... THE AUTHOR OF THE CORx-Law RuYMES.-Elliott was born rather more than fifty years since, in a village near the town of Sheffield. There, we use his own strong EDINBURGH : Printed by and for JOHN JORNSTONE, 19, St words, and none can be found so fit, he is still “ a dealer Square. Published by JOAN ANDERSON,

Jun., Bookseller, 55, Nord in steel, working hard every day; literally labouring with Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by Jobs MACLEOD, and ATKINSON & CO

Booksellers, Glasgow, and sold by all Booksellers and Venders head and hands, and alas ! with my heart too! If you Cheap Periodicals,

to the folosing

&c. .....

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THE

AND

EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE.

CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.

THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD.LORD BROUGHAM.

No. 18.-VOL. I. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1832. Price THREE-HALFPENCE.

HOLYDAY RAMBLES,

aught we know, may still be haunted by such un. NO. V.

earthly visitants as those who attended True THE EILDON HILLS--Continued.

Thomas. To the Cowdenknowes we had last week conduct

But turn we from obscure and misty tradition to ed our dear pupils, ranged lovingly around us, on

the living beauty of Teviotdale, lying before us in the highest and western summit of the Eildon all its glory, an expanse of twenty miles square, Hills. We there saw where the Leader fell into beautifully diversified by knoll and glade, meadow “ Tweed's fair flood;" let us now trace the and stream, groves and farm-houses, mansions Leader upwards. That is the smoke of Earls. (not too fine), and all that renders a fair broad town, anciently Ereeldoune, the dwelling of Scottish strath delightful. We cannot now stop to Thomas the Rhymer ; where the ruins of his reckon up all that Leyden, and Pringle, and many tower or castle are still pointed out, with rever.

others, have said and sung in its praise. So here ence due. In him, as in the mighty men of eld

--unwire that cork, and in one wordthe honour'd name

The lasses of Tibbydale ! Of prophet and of poet was the same.

Echo_The lasses of Tibbydale! And though the march of intellect has somewhat Now recall we our vagrant thoughts, and in all diverted the current of legendary education in humility look down on Eildon Hall at our feet Scotland, yet we cannot doubt but that every there, and commanding so glorious a prospect over Scottish born child knows of True Thomas. We the vale of the Te'iot. And there beyond it stands have traced his works and his sayings to the re- Bowden, or Bothie-den, a hamletship as ancient as motest parts of the Highlands. His vaticinations Melrose Abbey its venerable self. And there is and wonderful performances would fill a volume. the Kirk, and the Manse, and there again MoxEvery body knows that his extraordinary powers pople, the residence of the author of Darnley and vere derived from the Queen of Fairy Land, to Richelieu,—and of Charlemagne that is, and The whom he is still a thrall; and that, when he has String of Pearls that shall be. Have not we, too, dree'd his weird, he will return to middle earth. dear reader, been stringing pearls—a pleasanter Let us hope that the time of the accomplishment trade than casting them before. - ; but you know of his penance is at hand, for Scotland never had the saying. A little to the south-east of this, you more need of a wise and powerful leader and may perceive the village of Newton; and then, champion than now. True Thomas, by the side of nearly opposite Dryburgh Lessuden, with its rothe Lord Advocate, might stead us much in the mantic shelving banks hanging over the Tweed, new Parliament.

and the famous St. Boswell's Green, of whose caThough the name of the Rhymer is diffused ravansaries and great annual sheep fair all the over all the legendary traditions of Scotland, it is world has heard. Then, again, a little westward, about the Eildon hills, where he spoke “ the word we have the village of Midholm, and Liliesleaf, of power," that his fame is concentrated. Every near which the stream with the tantalizing name hamlet and brook hereabouts has its couplet, its of the Ale Water, joins the Teviot at Ancrum ; tale, and story,-nearly as well remembered as those beyond are the Minto Hills, the invisible Teviot connected with the neighbouring towers of Abbots-almost laving their feet ; and southward Rubislaw ford will be, five hundred years hence, unless Biela rises majestically from the plain, a noble though before then give our globe a hitch. The eastern somewhat aristocratic-looking mountain, permit. base of the mountain, on which we stand, is the ting none other to elbow it, though its beacon Delphos of Scotland. The Eildon-tree Stane blazed far and red on the night of the Reform Hands here a monument, which perpetuates the Jubilee. Now we travel on in this direction, till memory of the Eildon-tree, beneath which, like a Dunyon Hill looks over Jedburgh, and “ the sil. patriarch of antiquity, the Rhymer gave forth his van Jed;" and on still, until the lofty range of oracular and mysterious sayings and responses. It the Cheviots bounds the southern horizon. There is neighboured by the Bogle Burn, which, for I is Cheviot himself, the “ monarch of all he sur.

veys”—broad, deep, massy, and even sublime, in spirited town of Galashiels, where stout-hearted his Alpine grandeur. There, again, farther west is reformers to a man, are giving their honest votes Carter Fell, over which the foray often raged into to Mr. Pringle of Clifton; not because he is England. · We pass the Peniel-heuch, or Panier- | Mr. Pringle of Clifton—for that matter they heuch, where the late Marquis of Lothian has might like half a dozen other Mr. Pringles quite erected a monument to his Grace the Duke of | as well—but because he promises to support the Wellington; considering all such places at pre cause of the people, and to be a faithful guardian sent as within the Debateable Land. Better do we and representative of their interests. Under the love to gaze on the conglomerated heights to the town, the stream of the Gala, which gives name southwest, and at the head of Liddesdale ; and be to the most exquisite of the Scottish melodies, fall, yond to those of Dumfries and Galloway, fading in- into the Tweed ; and up from it, at the ford, near to haze. They recall to us Dandy Dinmont's pasto- the confluence, hid from us, but on our side of the ral farm, and his ride homeward from Stagshaw- river, rises Abbotsford, low in situation relatively, Bank Fair ; and his reception, and the dressing yet standing on a gentle slope, hidden on one side of his wounds, and his gallantry and generosity, by the peninsulated banks which divide the and fidelity in friendship. Coming back to the Duke's Tweed and Gala, and on the other by banks and monument, we recall the battle of Ancrum Moor, slopes around the mansion itself. From where we fought near the Duke's present station, by tactics stand, it is, as we said, invisible ; and, indeed, it is very different from those which gained Waterloo. so till one is quite upon it, from all points sare There the Douglas (Earl Angus) ranges his spear- the ford below the house. Abbotsford has been men in the flat, to wait the assault of Evers and called “ a romance in stone and lime." It is, Latoun, as they hurry down yon height; Norman however, only a specimen of the modern Gothie ? Leslie and the Fife-men support the Douglas in romance of architecture. Better far do we like receiving them, and the tide of battle is stayed ; Sir Walter's taste in the real romance in poesies, the Scotch becoming in turn the assailants. The legends, humanities, than in constructing castel

. scene of battle is at least nine or ten miles from lated buildings. His finest castles, if not in the where we stand, the time three hundred years air, were either in remote distance, or in illimitback,-yet gazing on it, and remembering the ex- able space. They were Tullyveolan and Tillieclamation of Earl Angus, how livingly it comes tudlem, Ellangowan and Kenilworth. But this before us! A heron, roused by the noise of the was the home of his pride and his affection, and conflict, flew from the marsh, and soared away let all look on it with reverence. above the combatants. “ Oh that my good white Though we cannot from our 'vantage ground hawk were here !” cried the Douglas,

see the edifice, the demesne lies under our eye, might all yoke at once !” But

stretching from Kaeside, that house on the ridge “ Adieu to bonny Teviotdale,

among the firs, to the moorland height of Bowden And Cheviots mountains blue !"

Muir, and bounded on the west by that high-lying We turn in another direction, and look west over piece of water which you see shimmering, and which the multitudinous hills of Selkirk and Peebles- is with much propriety named Cauldshiels Loch. As shire, pointing out to you the most remarkable far as the estate extends, it is redeemed from a peaks and ridges. There is the Three Brethren state of wilderness and barrenness, and abundantCairn, rising over the Tweed at Yair, another of ly covered with young and thriving plantation. It the delicious nooks of this river; and there, oppo- requires a few generations fully to develop the site to Selkirk, is Peat Law; and beyond, the ideas of a planter and creator of woods. Sir Walbroad-backed, elephantine Minchmuir, many a ter Scott was a greater and more original designer rugged, steep defile, and fantastic summit, hid in woods, than in stone, though a little eccentric from us, though visible from it, as by the CHEESE- in both. He followed his own plan in peopling WELL the wayfarer journeys from Yarrow-ford over his moors with young vegetable life, and that plan to Traquair; this Mons Meg of the southland was, to follow Nature as closely as Art ever can do. mountains occupying the entire space lying be- He planted clumps, masses, grand sweeping lines tween those celebrated places. There, also, is of waving woods; and scattered groups, groves, Newhouse Height, and “ the fair Dodhead," and the and thickets, which will yet tell on these hills ; hill of Deloraine, and Gilman's Law,—and, rising and he built Modern Gothic, a Scotch Strawberry between the vale of Ettrick and that of Yarrow, Hill. At present, the principal charm of AbbotsThirlestane Heights, and over away those of Buc- ford is that it was his abode. cleuch. And again, in the north-west, Windlestrae Now, call we home our ranging eyes, and fix Law, and the picturesque heights of Innerleithen, them as on a cynosure, as near Abbotsford as posand those of all Peebles-shire to its northern and sible. Near it, though not under its wing, is western verge. But it is a far cry to Loch Awe, so Chiefswood, a sweet cottage, which has been tenturn we homeward, to the hills opposite us on the anted by a succession of literary men, and has for Gala Water, with which we could almost shake some years formed the retreat of the editor of the hands. And see how fine the opening of the val- Quarterly Review. There, again, is Huntly Burn. ley of the Gala, and the woods and pastures of But more inviting than either of these residences, Torwoodlee. Lower down is the snug, thriving, is Darnick, a beautiful old-English-looking village

" that we

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