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PIGS AND BACON.

will taint meat sooner than the mid-day sun accompanied by a We take the following from a letter lately addressed by a breeze.' The author then directs that the bacon should be rentleman, to the labourers on his brother's estate :-“I have smoked, and not dried ; that the Aitches should be hung up in a a word or tko to say about your pigs, as I expect every one of chimney, where no rain could fall apon them, and not so near və to keep one. In the first place, it is very material that the the fire as to melt; that the smoke should proceed from wood it be kept quite dry; you must, therefore, always be attentive fires, not coal. If there be a fire constantly by day, a month te the roof of the stye, and see that it does not let in wet. The would be long enough for the flitches to remain in the chimney ; en part of the stre, where the pig feeds and exercises, should but if not, rather more time must be given, taking care not to s planked, and sloped sufficiently from the covered part or bed, leave them long enough to get rusty; that the Aitches should i x'all wet to drain away to the dung heap. The stye must be be dried to the hardness of a board, but yet not quite dry; kept ci-an; it should be cleansed every day. Dry leaves and that before the bacon is hung up in the chimney, it should be era collected in the autumn, are good substitutes for straw laid on the floor, powdered over pretty thickly with bran, that

the bed, when straw is scarce. I would recommend this should be rubbed on the flesh, and patted well down upon raz na to buy in your pig before May, as you would have it. The lard must be taken care of, and put away in bladders ; me dificulty in finding sufficient food for him earlier without mixing a little salt with it will make it keep good for a much

* to expense; he should then he not less than six or seven longer time. I have been very desirous of collecting for you miss old. As there is very little common or waste on which all the knowledge I could about the pig, for he will fnrnish you ses pigs could be turned to graze, you must treasure up all the with a great number of good, hearty, and nourishing meals rtve cabbage leares, pods of peas and beans, &c., to supply after your day's toil throughout the year; and I hope you will bites with sofficient food in the stye during the summer. One not only attend to all I have written, but collect all the infor. beter tub you must have, and as soon as you can afford it yon mation you can as to the best plan of feeding and management. simuld get another, that one may be filling while the other is Never regard a little additional trouble, ‘for there are no gains baung emptied ; moreover, it is an advantage not to give the without pains.' Tube while it is fresh, for pigs are found to thrive better on it then stale. Let the potatoes and carrots intended for the pigs

SCRAPS. will, and then mashed up with the wash. As soon as the

ORIGINAL AND SELECTED. carts and beech nuts are ripe, set the children to collect them, they are very nourishing food for pigs. In the beginning of beteber, you must prepare for fatting, by giving less green food,

SPEED OF THE HORSE.-Common report says that and more's potatoes and carrots, which you will then have in Flying Childers could run a mile in a minute, but there is Seelance. A pig will require about two bushels of potatoes, no authentic record of this. He ran over the Round Course use of carrots or parsnips, boiled, and mixed with the of Newmarket (three miles, six furlongs, and 93 yards) in

every week during this month ; but as the appetites of six minutes and 40 seconds; and the Beacon Course (four that will vary, you must watch thein when feeding, and give a miles, one furlong, and 138 yards) in seven minutes and 30 ille more or less at a meal, taking care not to give at one feed seconds. In 1772 a mile was run by Firetail in one minute try than they eat up clean. They should be fed three times and four seconds. In October 1741, at the Curragh Meet. boy at the least ; I should say four times during November ing in Ireland, Mr. Wilde engaged to ride 127 miles in December, while fatting. During the last week of October,

nine hours. is about half a peck of barley-meal with the allowance of

He performed it in six hours and 21 minutes. sh for the week; each of the two first weeks in November, He employed ten horses, and allowing for mounting and zis peck; each of the two last weeks, a peck and a half; the dismounting, and a moment for refreshment, he rode for to årst weeks in December, two pecks each; the third week, six hours at the rate of 20 miles an hour. Mr. Thornhill, one packs; aud the fourth week, four pecks. It is necessary in 1745, exceeded this, for he rode from Stilton to London be careful in increasing the barley-meal-this must be done and back, and again to Stilton, being 219 miles, in 11 hours modaaliy in order to prevent surfeit

, which will throw the pig and 34 minutes, which is, after allowing the least posk if your crops of pease should be very abundant, and sible time for changing horses, 20 miles an hour for 11 sydnee more than you want as a vegetable food, let them ripen hours, and on the turnpike road and uneven ground. Mr. eft, and put them by for fatting the pigs, to save meal. By Shaftoe, in 1762, with ten horses, and five of them ridden he end of December, if you have managed the pig well, he twice, accomplished fifty miles and a qnarter in one hour The ought to be thoroughly fat before he is killed. I cannot and forty-nine minutes. In 1763 Mr. Shaftoe won a more Lepose of the pig when killed and burned, better than in the extraordinary match. He was to procure a person to ride ards of Cobbett's Cottage Economy.' He proceeds as fol- one hundred miles a-day, on any one horse each day, for 195:- The inwards are next taken out, and if the wife be twenty-nine days together, and to have any number of * a skattern, here, in the mere offal—in the mere garbage, horses not exceeding twenty-nine. He accomplished it on

is food, and delicate food, ton, for a large family for fourteen horses ; and one day he rode 160 miles on account **, and hogs puddings for the children,' &c. * The of the tiring of his first horse. Mr. Hull's Quibbler, howmažar, the next day, cats the bog up, and then the house is ever, afforded the most extraordinary instance on record of ed witir meat ; sonse, griskins, blade bones, thigh-bones, the stoutness as well as speed of the race-horse. In Decembart time atler; and the last of the latter not before the end of ber 1786, he ran twenty-three miles, round the flat at New. as wat haar or five weeks. All the other parts taken away market, in fifty-seven minutes and ten seconds.

* xides that remain, and that are called 'Aitches, are to be AMERICAN COURTS OF JUSTICE.-I dever went into a court. pod for braeon. They are first rubbed with salt on their in- house in the west, in summer, without observing that the

er flesh sides, then placed one on the other, the flesh judges and lawyers had their feet invariably placed upon the usperrast, in a salting trough, which has a gutter round desks before them, and raised much bigher than their heads. **** to drain away the brine; for, to have sweet and fine This

, however, is only in the western county; for in the courts the fitches must not lie sopping in brine, which gives it at Orleans, New York, and Philadelphia, the greatest order

dry salt, from that of salt in a dissolved state the one is often slept upon the bench; but I must confess, that, although * Bars, the other nauseous ; therefore, change the salt often- I have entered court-houses at all seasons, during the space of cane w four or five days ; let it melt, and sink in, but not lie ifteen months, I never saw an instance of it. I have frena ang; change the ditches-put that at bottoin which was quently remonstrated with the Americans on the total absence

jest on the top; do this a couple of times. As to the time of forms and ceremonies in their courts of justice, and was ied for making the flitches sufficiently salt, it depends on commonly answered by, “ Yes, that may be quite necessary

in ** nstances the thickness of the Alitch, the state of the England, in order to overawe a parcel of ignorant creatures,

alter, the place where the salting is going on. It takes a who have no share in making the laws; but, with us, a man's letene for a thiek than a thin "Aitch; it takes longer in a man, whether he have a silk gown on or not; and, I guess, y than in damp weather; it takes longer in a dry than a damp he can decide quite as well without a big wig as with one. You But, for litehes of a bog of twelve score, in weather see, we have done with wiggery of all

kinds, and if one of our is very dry nor very damp, abont six weeks may do ; and as judges was to wear such an appenılage, he'd be taken for a seo an to be fat, which receives little injury from over-salting, Merry-andrew, and the court would Úcenme a kind of sbowa re time enough, for you are to bave bacon till Christmas box; instead of such arrangements producing, with us, sohanss again. The place for salting should be cool, and where lemnity, they would produce nothing but laughter and the Bere is a free circulation of air. Confined air, though cool, greatest possible irregularity."_Farral's Rambles in America.

odry

THE TREE OF DISSIPATION.

girl within the same period. This finesse procured him the The

interest of the women. One of the borough once made a sin of

strenuous effort to procure a resolution, that no man should drunkenness expels reason,

ever be received as a candidate, who did not offer himself drowns memory,

to their consideration, upon the same terms. diminishes strength,

Zachariah Macaulay has a servant whom he purchased at distempers the body,

Sierra Leone, who affords a very satisfactory proof, that if defaces beauty, corrupts the

the mental faculties of the blacks were properly cultivated, blood, inflames the liver, weakens

they would possess extraordinary reasoning powers. One the brain, turns men into walking hospitals, causes internal, external, and

morning as Cudjoe was lying in bed longer than usual, hin incurable wounds; is a witch to the senses, a

master called out to him, and asked him what he was about? devil to the soul, a thief to the pocket,

“I am doing some head work, massa."_“ Head work, the beggar's companion, a wife's woe,

what is that?" asked Zachariah. “Why, massa," conand children's sorrow; makes man

tinued Cudjoe; “suppose three crow on dat tree, and massi become a beast and self-murderer, who drinks to others' good

fire, and kill one, how many left?"-" Two, of course, health, and robs himself

observed Zachariah. “No, massa, wrong dere," replied of his own!

Cudjoe, showing his teeth, " de other two fly away." [11 The

this anecdote is meant to convey a sneer against the friends root of

of Negroes, it misses the aim. One thing it does effect; it all evil is

shews what cheerful happy creatures Negroes are when DRUNKENNESS!!!

kindly treated.] NATURAL PROPENSITIEs. - There are now living in The Cuckoo. With much deference to the opinion Sicily, three boys who appear to be gifted with a similar of the learned gentlemen who think proper to reject the aptitude for mathematical calculations. At the head of testimony of the Scottish peasantry respecting the singuthe triumvirate stands Vincent Zucchero, to whose extra- lar nestling of this bird, we assert, in the most unqualiordinary feats in calculation the pubric curiosity has of late fied terms, that it deposits its eggs in the nest of the come been repeatedly directed. Two years ago he was ignorant mon tit-lark, or moss-chipper. Had any of the scepeven of his alphabet ; but in consequence of the pains taken tics visited Handax Wood, in the parish of West Calder, with him by the Abbé Minardi, who has been engaged as during last summer, he might have seen a young curkoj his tutor through the liberal interposition of the Govern- hatched in the nest of a moss-chipper, and tethered there ment and Corporation of Palermo, he is at this moment for several weeks, and all the while fed by the tit-lară, able to read off-hand the most difficult of the Latin and Ita- until full grown, when it was carried to Edinburgh by a lian classics, and has given public proofs of the unprece respectable carter, and sold for eighteeaponce. dented extent of his acquirements. Two other boys, by LIFE AT DERHYNANE.-A person from Kerry, com una name Ignatius Landolina and Joseph Puglisi, have come cates some interesting particulars of the domestic repose of forward to enter the lists against him. The former has not our great Irish giant. He still keeps his fortress in the mousreached his tenth year, though he has already attended se- tains, where he lives like a patriarch or a Brehou Prince, sura veral public meetings, and resolved' some of the most rounded by his kindred of all ages and degrees of cougargu. abstruse questions in the highest branches of geometry, nity, Fity, persons of both sexes meet around his plentiful which were put to him by Professors Nobili, Scuderi, and board eaelı day, exclusive of the countless retainers in the sun Allessi, of the University of Cambria. On these occasions rious departments of serving men and waiting women, dog busse Landolina did not confine himself to a mere dry answer, family aod guests above stairs, and the tribes below, the

pipers, boatmen, runners, shulers, &c. &c. &c. Whst with the but assigned the reason for the result; and entered acutely Abbey is seldun beholding to fesver than a hundred inmates, into the metaphysics of the science. The third child, who, inhaling “an eager and a biting air," some thousand Puglisi, who is about seven years old, afforded no less strik- feet above the level of the Atlantic, are every one of thea ing and indisputable proofs of his extraordinary talent in fully qualified to perform their part in the allotted feast.giving off-hand answers to problems which usually require A Kerry cow per diem is moderate store for such a tedious arithmetical calculations. The precocious talents garrison, wbose fare is diversified with the delicious motof these three infantine mathematicians would seem to in- | ton of those high regions, brown as venison, and redoleat of the dicate that the spirit of Archimedes still lingers on its na-ingudrajas. To number the flocks of geese, turkeys, and barie

sweet beath, as often as they can catch a wether on the tive soil. From a Sicilian Journal.

door fowls, together with the salmons, hares and rablits, parContagion.—Miss Seward relates an extraordinary tridges, wild ducks, and plovers, which yield up their happy instance of contagion in one of her letters. The plague lives to this perpetual festival pro bono publico, would be colsy raged in 1666 at Eyam in Derbyshire, of which place she a burden upon John Bull's credulity, which none but an eyewas a native, to a great extent. “ In the summer of 1757," witness should presume to impose.' O'Connell partakes frelv says Miss S., “five cottagers were digging in the heathy in the manly sports and exercises of the mountains, apl sil mountain above Eyam, which was the place of graves after return to the wordy strise with lungs repaired and strengt's the churchyard became too narrow a repository. These recruited. men came to something which had the appearance of hav.

CONTENTS OF NO. XVI. ing once been linen ; conscious of their situation they ing

The Commencement of the Edinburgh Year.... stantly buried it again. In a few days they all sickened of The Diamond Beetle..... a putrid fever, and three of the five died. The disorder was Fumigation..... contagious, and proved mortal to numbers of the inhabit On the Moral Training of Children......... ants. My father, who was Canon of Lichfield, resided in To My Cigar....... that city with his family at the period when the subtle,

ELEMENTS or Thought-The Sources of Human Happiness, .246

Cobbettiana.... unextinguished, though much subdued power of the most

THE STORY. TELLER-Residence in the Alhambra, 249--Brief dreadful of all diseases awakened from the dust in which

Notice of Our Late Royal Neighbour, Charles X... be had slumbered 91 years.

Social Life in Glasgow..... CANVASSING A HUNDRED YEARS SINCE.- Sir Richard Portrait of an Intelligent Artizan.. Steele, the celebrated author of the Tatler, who represented

Craftsmen in Germany......... a borough in 1714, carried his election against a powerful

COLUMN FOR THE LADIES...

SCRAPS, Original and Selected.... opposition by the laughable expedient of sticking two apples full of guineas; and declarin to the electors, besore whom he beld them up, that the largest should be the EDINBURGH: Printed by and for Joan JOHNSTONE, 19, St. James

Square. -Published by John ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, North prize of that man whose wife should be the first to bring

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by JouN MACLEOD, and ATKIXKON a forth a boy after that day nine months, and that the other Co., Booksellers, Glasgow, and sold by all Booksellers and Vetc. would belong to him who should become the father of a of Cheap Periodicals.

.213 .213

THE

AND

EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE.

CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE,

THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD.LORD BROUGHAM.

No. 17.-Vol. I. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1832. Price THREE-HALFPENCE,

THE EILDON HILLS.

And now,

HOLYDAY RAMBLES.

at leisure look round us; for we have long thought NO. IV.

that climbing either Scotch mountain or the hill of life, is alike a cheerless, profitless, fagging work,

if the climber cannot take leisure to enjoy the As we cannot afford time to creep on at a snail's extended prospects he has achieved. pace, mile by mile, over the face of Scotland- from our first stage, or breathing place, look round. well-featured, though somewhat high in her cheek. That snug white house by the burn, and among bonės—fair, though ferny-tickled, suppose we the trees, is St. Mary's, pretty and fitting name at once don our seven-league boots, and stride for even a Protestant Nunnery—yet the sisters and from our old station, the Roman CAMP, command- novices of St. Mary's, however ing the Lothians, with

« Devout and pure,

Sober, steadfast, and demure," “ Fair Fife, and a' the land about it."

are not, so far as ever we heard, « ladies vowed even over "

moors and mosses many, 0," the and dedicate” to celibacy. Au contraire-but vale of the Gala, and part of Tweeddale, and take let the gallant yeomen of Tweeddale and Tibbypóst at or about the next Roman Station, that dale* look to this: to them, then, we commit the on the shoulder of the eastern cone or peak of the gentle sisterhood of St. Mary's, and turn to yonder Trimontium of that splendid people ; though, we summit rising behind their nunnery, where it is probelieve, tradition ascribes the cleaving of the posed to rear the monument of Sir Walter Scott, inEildon mountain into three conical summits, to tended for his own immediate neighbourhood. The the poet and prophet, and Man of Power of this good folks hereabouts feel a natural, and honest region, Thomas the Rhymer, and thus makes the pride, even in their vicinity to Abbotsford, and date of disjunction some twelve hundred years to the immortal dust lately deposited in Dryburgh later than the invasion of the Romans. This is Abbey; and they are, therefore, proceeding with an affair which properly belongs to antiquaries great zeal in their plan of doing outward homage we only aspire to be guides to the Schoolmaster's to their illustrious late neighbour. One of the pupils. Such of them as, during St. Martin's zummits of the mountain we are ascending has summer, which extends from this season often on been spoken of as the site of this monument, and till Christmas, choose to make the perambulation the idea is too magnificent to be easily abandoned. we now trace, had best take the wings of the Chevy The majesty of the situation would amply recomChace, any fine morning, and be set down at pense for the rudeness of the structure. A cairn Melrose Cross, in time to make the ascent with on the top of the Eildon Hills, visible over so much us. If their object be Abbotsford, or a pilgri- of the ground he has rendered classic, would form, mage to Dryburgh, they will require more time, with the true pilgrims of his genius, a much and further counselling. The Eilnon Hill, and nobler monument to Sir Walter Scott than any all that it commands, is our present object. But little fiddle-faddle nicky-nacky piece of Grecian We are not in the least dictatorial: go to Abbots-architecture that could be raised. His genius was ford first, visit Dryburgh, return by St. Boswells, lofty, stupendous, massive, simple, and Gothic; pe care not ; provided you start with us from and such should be his monument,—at least in the Melrose Cross any mild clear day, and at your heart of his own land.—But let us on.-We have own hour, (for the affair is not very prodigious,) now passed the regions of the plough. The rest We promise to guide you well. So up the of the Eildons are sheep pastures, and, we hope, lane to Dingleton, a cluster of snug feus—not may remain such till the end of the world. Yonquite so picturesque as a Swiss village, though der lies a sheep-fold, about midway up the hill, mountainish ;-and now we cross the burn, and quiet, and pastoral, and suggestive of every sweet zig-zag up the foot-path till we reach the utmost and pastoral image ; the bughting hour, " "Tween limit of the arable land, and have our foot on the the gloamin and the mirk," the “Ca’ing the ewes to green springy sward which clothes the Eildon Hills. And here let us make pause the first, and * Teviotdale, so pronounced in local speech.

This on

the knowes," and, finer still, before daybreak, on most splendid of his ballads, The Eve of St. John. the hill-side,

But of that we dare scarce tell you now. That “ The lasses a-lilting at the ewes, milking." highest eminence is, he says, still called the This primitive custom 'has nearly shared the fate Watchfold, a frequent name in the olden time ; and of the quern, and of our beloved spinning-wheel. this height, during the interminable Border wars

, All those old habits have been swept away in was the “eerie beacon hill” of the districtthe march of society, and will soon only live in “When from height to height, the beacons bright their few scanty relics, embalmed in the songs, and Of the English foeman told.” preserved in the traditionary legends of the south- A half-hour's gaze from the summit of Eildon, on land dales. However, our legs and the world are nights like those, might have made a poet. With some moving in the midst of our lamentation and pensive reluctance we turn from this point, recommending regrets after what we could scarce wish to see re- the reading of Scott's ballads of Thomas the stored ; and now we have gained the flat, lying be- Rhymer, and The Eve of St. John, as by far the best tween the main ridges of the hill. Even here the course of preparation for ascending the Eildon view is fine and expansive; but this is not yet our hills. In the same line of view as Smailholm, station of survey. Following the soaring of the but lying nearer us, are the heights and crags of old Roman eagle, we shall have an imperial range. Bemer-side,* clothed with ancient woods and We have the choice of three summits.

modern plantations, overhanging the Tweed. the right, the highest ; that on the left, next in There-mark that craggy bushy bank. At the altitude ; the southern peak, the lowest. We base of it, the Tweed, making a beautiful sweep, at once choose the loftiest. “ There are no gains nearly encircles the delicious little vale of Drywithout pains," as poor Richard says. So set a burgh, the loveliest spot in the whole course stout Scotch heart to a steep Scotch hill—and up of this march stream of kingdoms, Dryburgh, we go, and make our stand some 1330 feet above where “ they keep his dust,” must be the business where “ The boat rocks at the pier of Leith," with of another pilgrimage ; nor shall we detain you a sweep of horizon extending from his Majesty's long on yonder white speck, at this distance not town of Berwick-upon-Tweed, or the ocean, west- unlike a pipe-stopple, or peppermint lozenge, and ward to Ettrick Pen; from the Cheviots to the yet a colossal statue of Wallace Wight in Roman girdling Frith of Forth, and the dim hills beyond costume! As we detest all colossal statues, and it ; while at our feet But we shall quote the all masses of marble, metal, or stone, done into recent words of a local bard:

monstrosities, inľmockery of the human form di" We've all, within our valley to cheer the heart and eye,

vine, we cannot except this frail memorial of the Yet when we want to see the world, we climb our mountain good taste of the late Earl of Buchan. The next

high, And there behold the grandeur of half a kingdom spread;

* We are tempted to repeat the prophecy of the Rhymer And its ground all around

regarding this old family, for the sake of giving Sir Walter And its ground all around,

Scott's modern parody on it, as it is the only piece of In its summer beauty clad.”

mirthful innocent malice we ever heard attributed to his gallThis, of course, refers to the Vale of Melrose, to less muse :—the RHYMER'S prophecy runs thuswhich one great name has of late years attracted

Betide, betide, whate'er betide, several inhabitants, eminent in literature and

Haig will be Haig of Bemer-side." science, whose biding-places we shall notice after And for five hundred years, it has held, though sometimes our grand survey.-Now look eastward, and tell in great apparent danger of non-fulfilment, as some time us what you see? Berwick on the verge of the back, when about a dozen daughters were born, before the

heir made his appearance. horizon--at a distance, as the crow flies, of 30 the ancient house of a Scottish Tory baronet, and is equally

Sir Walter's prophecy regards miles, but on a clear day distinctly visible. And pithy and comprehensivein the sunned glimpses of the opening skies of this

“Befa' befa' whate'er befa', breezy day, one by one, how many storied heights,

The'll be a gowk in and mémorable and legendary spots are revealed to

+ Since we are dealing in' notes, we must give another. sight, and revived to memory. Yon little cloud The above noble Mecenas, in an evil hour, thought, after is the smoke of Kelso, and, just nearer, these are having raised Washington to a Pantheon of plaster of Paris

, the noble woods of Fleurs overshadowing the of taking the shade of Thomson under his protection. A Tweed. Over from them, yet, from this, seeming large party of blues, and belles

, and bardlings, were acto approximate Fleurs, these are the romantic and his Lordship in the apotheosis of the Poet of the Seasons; umbrageous crags and heights of Maxwellheuch, who, being a man that detested fuss and fudge, had he been and the champaign of opening Teviotdale. Revert- able to look up, would assuredly not have thanked them. ing from these, let us course the unseen Tweed This annual celebration was again to be held at Eduam upwards, and to us homewards, dwelling in suc

the birth-place of the poet, a sweet spot on the Tweed, and

upon his birth-day; every thing worked well, if not easily. cession on the plantations of Mackerston, and “on

The company assembled the bust, crowned with bayd was Mertoun's woods,” as we glance on to the high, already enshrined behind a curtain, which, at the proper square, desolate border Tower of Smailholm, and time, was slowly to ascend, to slow music, and reveal the those eminences beside it, which give the descrip- divine Thomson, and the classic labours of the Earl.- And

so it did; and discovered the placid good-humored bard with tive name of Sandy Knowes to the home of Sir Walter Scott's childhood, and form the scene of the cuttie or Irish doodhen. The camic effect of this piece of

a black cuttie pipe stuck in his mouth ! literally a Scotch

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widening of the river banks encloses the beautiful in Henry's History of Great Britain, were formerly Vale of Old Melrose, an ancient site of the first an established article of our exports. “ Great numSchoolmasters that came abroad in Scotland, the bers,” he says, “ were exported, like cattle, from the Culdees. Around this point of the Tweed, man

British coast, and were to be seen exposed for sale sions and villas, and cots and granges, orchard- and debt," says the same historian, “ were probably

in the Roman market.”—“ Adultery, witchcraft, slopes, woods, and crags, and swells of arable

some of the chief sources of supplying the Roman land, are scattered and clustered in that charming, market with British slaves-prisoners taken in war picturesque, yet natural confusion, which gives so were added to the number—there migbt be also much gusto to landscape. There is Gleiilswood; among them some unfortunate gamesters, who, and here, exactly opposite Gleidswood is Ravens after having lost all their goods, at length staked Food; and there, the Leader Water, the stream of themselves, their wives, and their children.” Now True Thomas, having sometimesince left the Leader every one of these sources of slavery has been stated Hanghs, steals through the

woods of Drygrange, to be at this hour a source of slavery in Africa. If and falls chiming into the Tweed. But now that proofs of the natural incapacity of its inhabitants,

these practices, therefore, are to be admitted as cone-like green hill, tapering regularly from its why might they not have been applied to ancient round base to its pyramidal top, seems to attract Britain ? Why might not, then, some Roman sepayou. That is Colding KnowesThe Cowdenknowes tor, pointing to the British barbarians, have preof one of the sweetest of our Scottish pastoral dicted, with equal boldness, that these were a people, songs. The mansion, at its western base, is one who were destined never to be free; who were of those lovely places which the lavish charter of without the understanding necessary for the attainimagination instantly appropriates, and never again ment of useful arts ; depressed by the hand of Naparts with. But we must, for another week, leave created to form a supply of slaves for the rest of the

ture below the level of the human species; and the “ Bonny broom” to wave around it uncele- world ? But happily, since that time, notwithstandbrated. Then we shall return to True Thomas, ing what would then have been the justness of these his modern successors in the Vale of Melrose, and predictions, we have emerged from barbarism. We the romantic territory not yet surveyed.

are now raised to a situation which exhibits a strik

ing contrast to every circumstance by which a RoCIVILIZATION OF AFRICA.

man might have characterized us, and by which we OLD SPEECHES IN PARLIAMENT.

now characterize Africa. There is, indeed, one NO. 1.-THE SLAVE-TRADE.

thing wanting to complete the contrast, and to clear We intend to give a few of these old speeches on

us altogether from the imputation of acting even to

this huur as barbarians; for we continue to this topics now of interest ;and shall set out with Mr. hour a barbarous traffic in slaves. We continue it Pitt's speech on the Slave-trade; or, more proper- even yet, in spite of all our great pretensions. We ly, on the debt of justice Britain owes to Africa. were once as obscure among the nations of the

earth, as savage in our manners, as debased in our I rejoice that the

debate has taken a turn which morals, as degraded in our understandings, as these contracts the question into such narrow limits. The unhappy Africans. But in the lapse of a long sematter now in dispute is merely as to the time at ries of years, by a progression slow, and for a time which the abolition shall take place. I therefore almost imperceptible, we have become rich in a vacongratulate the House, the country, and the world, riety of acquirements. We are favoured above mea, that this great point has been gained; that we may sure in the gifts of providence, we are unrivalled now consider this trade as having received its coo- in commerce, pre-eminent in arts, foremost in the demnation; that this curse of mankind is seen in pursuits of philosophy and science, and established its true light; and that the greatest stigma on our in all the blessings of civil society; we are in the national character, which ever yet existed, is about possession of peace, of liberty, and of happiness: to be removed! Mankind, I trust, are now likely to be delivered from the greatest practical evil that cent religion; and we are protected by impartial

we are under the guidance of a mild and a benefiever afflicted the human race—from the most severe laws, and the purest administration of justice: we and extensive calamity recorded in the history of are living under a system of government which our the world.

own happy experience leads us to pronounce the I will now proceed to the civilization of Africa, best and wisest, and which has become the admirawhich, I confess, is very near my heart; and first I tion of the world. From all these blessings we will say, that the present deplorable state of that must for ever have been excluded, had there been' country, especially when we reflect that her chief any truth in those principles, which some have not calamities are to be ascribed to us, calls for our ge- hesitated to lay down as applicable to the case of nerous aid, rather than justifies any despair, on our Africa ; and we should have been at this moment part, of her recovery, and still less a repetition of little superior, either in morals, knowledge, or reour injuries. On what ground of theory or history finement, to the rude inhabitants of that contido we act, when we suppose that she is never to be nent. reclaimed? There was a time, which it may be If, then, we feel that this perpetual confinement now fit to call to remembrance, when human sacri- in the fetters of brutal ignorance would have been fiees, and even this very practice of the Slave-trade, the greatest calamity which could have befallen us; existed in our own island. Slaves, as we may read if we view, witb gratitude, the contrast between our

present and our former situation; if we shudder to berlesque was irresistible. It ought to be told, to scare im- think of the misery which would still have overpertinent people from such outrages in future, upon the whelmed us, had our country continued to the presered memory of genius, and from all absurd profanities sent times, through some cruel policy, to be tho

in manner of the ancients."

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