“ Ou, nae doot o' that, sir !" replied the smith. “ Though man for barely doin' that which he would be a rascal for wl' reverence be it spoken, a canna' just see how siccan a no doin'. But, troth, a maun say that some poor deevils hint as that jumps very weel wi' your declaration, that nane are subjeckit to sair temptations by thae anti fouk, or con. could be mair disposed than you are to see the Reform Bull servatives, as they are cain' themsells. But, an they dinna fairly administered, noo that it's an ack. But giff you wull let poor fouk alane, to be guided by God and their ain conbe content to ha'e your hunters shod by gleed Wnlly Robb, sciences, in the exerceese o' a trust, the whilk they hould for puir chield, or even by the bit genty body up the street, that sae mony ithers beside themsells, a’ın muckle mistane gif mak's the nice pokers an' tangs, an' nit-crackers, an' nit- ballot be na the upshot o'd.” mug graters, a ha'e naething for to say against it; an gif ony o' them, or ony ither man, can shoe ye're hunters as

SCRAPS. weel as a can do, what for no employ him? But if the

ORIGINAL AND SELECTED. truth be, as a jalouse, that a can shoe your horses better than ony ither smith i' this part o' the country side, then,

ADVICE OF A PHRENOLOGIST TO ELECTORS.–Flee to ma opinion just is, that if ye gang elsewhere to fare waur, the hall of the nearest statuary; entreat him to exhibit to ye ha'ena just a' that wusdom for your ain interest that you the bust of the American patriot Franklin ; mark well fouk gi'e ye credit for.”

the size and the configuration of that great philanthropist's “Why do you talk so long ?” called out one of the per- head; impress upon your minds its great size, and the presonages from the interior of the vehicle, in an impatient dominance of its anterior and superior departinents over tone. “ Come away! come away!"

those behind and below, and call to your recollection the Mr. B hastened to the side of the carriage, and after unwearied perseverance and industry, the calmness and saa little private parley, a servant was called to open the gacity, and the strength of mind and aptitude for the pracdoor, and to let down the steps; and the indefatigable Mr. tical duties of life which he displayed, and the prodigious B- returned to the charge, reinforced by the presence of impulse which he gave to the cause of civil and religious his two friends from the interior.

liberty. Then go forth into the world, and whensoever “ Mr. Strongitharm, this is my father-in-law, the earl of the wigs are doffed, pick out the man whose head most reC and this is my wife's cousin, the Marquis of F

sembles that of Franklin ; for you may rely with confisaid the candidate.

dence, that such a man will “ go and do likewise." “ Mr. Strongitharm," said the marquis, with a good-na

A SIMPLE MARRIAGE CEREMONY.–There have been tured, familiar air and manner, “ you know that I keep many elaborate works published on the marriage ceremonies hounds, I believe; that I hunt a pretty wide extent of of nations, both savage and civilized. I do not, however, recountry, and that not only all my shoeing work is done member to have read of any so brief and unceremonious in your shop, but that I have it in my power to give you, when on a visit to a gentleman in Carolina. A fine-looking

as the following, which I had the opportunity of witnessing or to take from you, half the shoeing work and farriery Negro, and the handsomest mulatto or yellow girl I had business of this county, and those on each side of it. you refuse me your vote for my connexion, Mr. B- po ever seen, were the parties who desired to be made one for

“ Mr. Strongitharm,” said the earl, taking up the dis- life. The matter was thus arranged : In the course of our course before the smith had time to reply, “ you know that I evening walk, my friend, the planter, was sheepishly adalso have some shoeing in my stables, and much smith work dressed by the slave in these words :—“Please, massa, me a-doing at the castle ; all this I have the power of giving or

want to marry Riddiky.” (This is the “ Nigger" for Eurywithholding. But there is yet another thing to which i dice.)“ Does Riddiky want to marry you ?"_“ Yes, would earnestly call your attention : you hold a farm of massa.”—“Jf you marry her, I won't allow you to run three hundred a-year from me; and now, will you refuse after the other girls on the plantation-you shall live like me your vote for my son-in-law, Mr. B

a decent fellow with your wife.”—“Massa, me lub her, so “Ma lords,” replied Mr Strongitharm, apparently now

dat me don't care one dam for de oder gals.”_" Marry her resolved to permit the negotiation to be as little spun out as then, and be cursed.”“Yes, massa. Washington then he possibly could ; " as to the horse an' smith part o' your gave Riddiky a kiss, and from that day they became man twa speeches, a maun just say to you what a ha’e already and wife : no other form than that of permission from their said to this gentleman himseli, what has the shoein' o'horses owner, thus graciously accorded, being necessary to legalize and the makin' o' members o' Parliament to do wi' ane an

their union.--Notes on America. ither ? Gin ye dinna like to ha'e yer horses shod by me, To QUENCH THIRST, pour vinegar into the palms of ye maun just gang elsewhere to ha'e the job dune; an gin the hands, snuff it up the nostrils, and wash the hands with ye find as gude a smith as me, a' that a say is, that a wuss

it. This will allay the most intense heat. ye baith joy o' him. An' as for the matter o' the farm o'

ADVANTAGES OF CARD PLAYING.-What so truly tells the which his lordship, the yearl, spak yenoo, a canna see, for real disposition and temper of a person as this amusement? the soul o'me, what that has to do wi' makin' o'a Parlia. Are they inclined to dishonesty, they will cheat: if of a basty ment man, mair nor the shoein' trade. A ha'e gotten a

uncontrollable temper, it is almost sure to be shown; if not gye stark bargain o' the bit place, but a ha'e a tack o't, an' present themselves unmasked ; whilst in almost all other transac

very scrupulous respecting falsehood or ill-language, here they a'm aye yebble to pay the rent; an' sae a'm thinkin' there's tions of life those passions are carefully concealed from public view, naething left to mak' or mend atween us. But, Lord's sake, or glossed over, so as tu make them generally palatable to the sirs ! a hinna time to be stannin' haverin' here ony langer: world, a maun till ma wark as fast's a can; for a daurna leave ma study to gang and catch saumonts, and shoot deuks, as this

CONTENTS OF NO. XV. gentleman can do." And suiting the action to the word, he snatched up the fore-hammer, and began to thunder such



A Chapter for Martinmas Term. a peal upon the anvil as quickly drove the nervous sena

The Barometer-The Thermometer,..... tors of both the Houses to their carriages ; and he never stopped his noise till that of their wheels was quite lost in UsefuL AND SCIENTIFIC NOTICES, ....... distance.

The Original Story of Bill Jones,.. There was a good-natured waggish leer of comical hu.

ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT-Happiness Well-being, mour on his face, when he ceased his cannonade of blows, to

THE STORY TELLER-Story of Lady Grisell Baillie, 233-Scot

tish Voters,.... receive the money which we had all this time been holding

SCRAPS, Original and Selected......... in our hands. Before again placing ourselves in our vehicle, we could not resist paying him some compliments on his EDINBURGH: Printed by and for John JONNStone, 19, St. James's firm, noble, and straight-forward conduct.

Square.-Priblished hy John ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, North “ Fegs, gentlemen, it's a bad account o' human nature,”

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by JOAN MACLEOD, and ATKINSON & Co.,

Booksellers, Glasgow, and sold by all Booksellers and Venders of said he, “ that ye sould think it wordy while to commend a Cheap Periodicals.

227 .228 229

Memorable Battles,...


...236 ...243








THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE ramids of sweatmeat jars and jelly-glasses, in all

the confectioners' shops. These are but samples

of the mighty internal change, of which some flaTo their high-built airy nests

grant symptoms are always amusingly apparent in See the rooks returning home.

the puff paste-ry of the North Bridge, where traders

of all descriptions conglomerate notices of their The London business year begins in October, wares; and trump and over-trump each other's and that of high fashion about the end of Febru- tricks, to the mighty bewilderment of the innocent, ary. The busy year of Glasgow, Manchester, gaping Hallow Fair folks. and Liverpool, either knows no ending, or its pe Here the ScuooLMASTER ADROAD !

peers mo. riods of leisure depend on causes at work in the destly forth under a flourish of CHAUBENS' JOU'Ruttermost parts of the earth, producing, it may NAL, price only three-hulfpence! and there is—ELE. be, its hottest haste in July, and most icy stagna- GANCE ECONOMY COMBINED-in-SHEEPtion in January. The Dublin year commences SMEARING MATERIALS; A SERMON TO BE PREACHED about the same time as that of Edinburgh ; with -BY THE Rev.-STATUES ON TIE Calton Hill; the opening of the Courts. The commencement Now EXHIBITING—the CHEAPEST BOOTS AND SHOES of the Edinburgh year is, however, manifested by IN EDINBURGH ; and again—SELLING OFF, AT AND more striking symptoms than that of any other below Prne Cost-Hor TRIPE EVERY Nigut, city with which we are acquainted. The Univer- PREPARED IN THE GLASGOW WAY-By ORDER OF sity and the Courts of Law extend their crooked THE MAGISTRATES ! ramifications to every corner of Scotland, and the But the centre of this complex movement, and 12th of November brings all to a centre, and puts of Edinburgh civilization, as well as of some other all in motion. Symptoms of returning life are qualities belonging to an advanced state of society, then apparent in a hundred agreeable ways, is unquestionably the Parliament House. ('oaches and steamers are arriving every hour, passenger and baggage-laden. The late grass.

“ It was a merry spot in days of yore,

But something ails it now-the place is haunted," grown streets kindle to life, and become crowded ; and a certain alacrity of movement and look, com- by what kind of spirits we are not metaphysicians, municated even to the stationary inhabitants, pro- nor yet conjurors enough to tell, though the buoyclaims the return of the season. The consumption ant, the brilliant, the sparkling have certainly of gas, cigars, mutton-pies, jellies, and newspa- evaporated. The dynasty of the Crosbies, Bospers, is doubled in one day. Lodging-boards dis wells, and Erskines has fallen, never to rise again. appear from the windows, as rig-and-fur hose ap- Even Scott and Jeffrey are among the things that pear in the streets. The mercers and jewellers were. The last spark of the bright wit, which hang out their most tempting wares; the Profes

“ Made a sunshine in that shady place” sors re-touch their lectures ; the Ministers preach their best sermons; the very ballad-singers and the Outer-House-the wit of IIenry Erskine, played oyster-wives scream and yell with redoubled ani- in a lambent flame for a few seconds round the mation and vigour, and the lubricous commodity wig of flashed over the marble features of of the latter trafickers rises 50 per cent in one

and-expired for ever. Legal Humour, Fun, night,--thus giving young students a practical and and Glee found the climate of the New Town of impressive lesson in the principles of political | Edinburgh chill and ungenial ; and they died economy, before they have been two days among under it, bequeathing the residue of Higu Jinks to us. Mr. Murray paints anew his drop scenes, and the SPENDTHRIFT Club, and their wigs to whoever gets up a new piece; the tobacconists re-blacken would pick them up. The consequence has been, the blackamoors, who, in Prince's Street, mount that to find any thing about that House worthy of guard over the Havannahs; and new pretty faces the “amber immortalization” of the SchooLMAS are seen beaming from among the high-raised py. / Ten's pages, we must plod back over some quarter

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geon there.

century of tradition, guided by this final scintilla- ford no relative defence, provided the calling it so were a tion of the wit of the Scotch Bar

convicium-and there my doubt lies.

With regard to the second point, I am satisfied that the THE DIAMOND BEETLE. Notes supposed to have been taken at advising the Action cio ; and therefore the pursuer cannot insist, in the name of

Scarabaeus, or Beetle itself, has no persona standi in judi. of Defamation and Damages-Alexander Cunningham, the Scarabæus, or for his behoof. If the action lie at all, Jewelier in Edinburgh, against James Russell, Sur- it must be at the instance of the pursuer himself, as the

verus Dominus of the Scarabeus, for being calumniated LORD PRESIDENT, Sir ISLAY CAMPBELL. Your through the convicium, directed primarily against the ani. Lordships have the petition of Alexander Cunningham mal standing in that relation to him. Now, abstracting against Lord B-_'s interlocutor.

from the qualification of an actual dominium, which is not It is a case of damages and defamation, for calling the alleged, I have great doubts whether a mere convicium is petitioner's Diamond Beetle an Egyptian Louse. You necessarily transmitted from one object to another, through have the Lord Ordinary's distinct interlocutor on pages 29 the relation of a dominium subsisting between them; and and 30 of this petition :—“ Having considered the conde- if not necessarily transmissible, we must see the principle of scendence of the pursuer, answers for the defender,” and so its actual transmission here, and that has not yet been on, “Finds, in this respect, that it is not alleged that the pointed out. diamonds on the back of the Diamond Beetle are real dia. Lord HERMAND.-We heard a little ago, my Lord, that monds, or any thing but shining spots, such as are found on there is a difficulty in this case ; but I have not been forother Diamond Beetles, and which likewise occur, though tunate enough, for my part, to find out where the difficulty in a smaller number, on a great number of other Beetles, lies. Will any man presume to tell me that a Beetle is somewhat different from the Beetle libelled, similar to which not a Beetle, and that a Louse is not a Louse? I never there may be Beetles in Egypt, with shining spots on their saw the petitioner's Beetle, and what's more, I don't care backs, which may be termed Lice there, and may be dif- whether I ever see it or not; but I suppose it's like other ferent, not only from the common Louse, but from the Beetles, and that's enough for me. But, my Lord, I know Louse mentioned by Moses as one of the plagues of Egypt, the other reptile well_I have seen them, my Lord, ever which is admitted to be a filthy troublesome Louse, even since I was a child in my mother's arms, and my mind worse than the said Louse, which is clearly different from tells me, that nothing but the deepest and blackest malice, the Louse libelled ; but that the other Louse is the same rankling in the human breast, could have suggested this with, or similar to the said Beetle, which is also the same comparison, or led any man to form a thought so injurious with the other Beetle ; and although different from the said and insulting. But, my Lord, there's more here than all Beetle libelled, yet as the said Beetle is similar to the other that, a great deal more one could have thought the defenBeetle, and the said Louse to the said other Louse libelled, der would have gratified his spite to the full, by comparand the other Louse to the other Beetle, which is the same ing the Beetle to a common Louse, an aninial sufficiently with or similar to the Beetle, which somewhat resembles vile and abominable for the purpose of defamation-{shut the Beetle libelled, assoilzies the defender, and finds ex- that door there) ;—but he adds the epithet Egyptian, and penses due."

I know well what he means by that epithet. He means, Say away, my Lords.

my Lord, a Louse that has been fattened in the head of a Lord MEADOWBANK.This is a very intricate and puzz- gipsy or tinker, undisturbed by the comb, and unmolested ling question, my Lord. I have formed no decided opin- in the enjoyment of its native filth. He means a Louse ten ion ; but at present I am rather inclined to think the inter- times larger, and ten times more abominable, than those locutor is right, though not upon the ratio assigned in it. with which your Lordships and I are familiar. The peti. It appears to me that there are two points for consideration : tioner asks redress for the injury so atrocious and so ag-First, Whether the words libelled amount to a convi- gravated, and as far as my voice goes, he shall not ask it in cium-and, secondly, Admitting the convicium, whether vain. the pursuer is entitled to found upon it in this action. Lord Craig.--I am of the opinion last delivered. It Now, my Lords, if there be a convicium at all, it consists appears to me to be slanderous and calumnious to compare in the comparatio, or comparison of the Scarabeus or a Diamond Beetle to the filthy and mischievous animal just Beetle, with the Egyptian Pediculus or Louse. My libelled. By an Egyptian Louse, I understand one which first doubt regards this point, but it is not at all found has been formed in the head of a native Egyptian, a race of ed on what the defender alleges, that there is no such men who, after degenerating for many centuries, have sunk, animal as an Egyptian Pediculus or Lousé in rcrum at last, into the abyss of depravity, in consequence of havnatura ; for although it does not actually exist, it may ing been subjugated for a time, by the French. I do not possibly exist, and whether its existence be in esse vel posse, find that Turgnt, or Condorcet, or the rest of the econois the same thing to this question, provided there be habi- mists, ever reckon the combing of the head a species of proles for ascertaining what it would be if it did exist. But ductive labour; and I conclude, therefore, that wherever my doubt is here : Ilow am I to discover what are the es- French principles have been propogated, Lice grow to an sentia of any Louse, whether Egyptian or not? It is very immoderate size, especially in a warm climate, like that of easy to describe its accidents as a naturalist would do—to Egypt. say that it belongs to the tribe of asstere, or that it is a I shall only add, that we ought to be sensible of the blesyellow, little, greedy, filthy, despicable reptile ; but we do sings we enjoy under a free and happy constitution, where not learn from this what the proprium of the animal is in Lice and men live under the restraint of equal laws, the a logical sense, and still less what its differentia are. Not only equality that can exist in a well-regulated state. withstanding these, it is impossible to judge whether there

Lord POLKEMMET.-- It should be observed, my Lord, that is a convicium or not; for in a case of this kind, which se

what is called a Beetle, is a reptile well known in this quitur naturam delicti, we must take them meliore sensu, country. I have seen mony ane o' them in Drunishorlin and presume the comparatio to be in the melioribus tantum. Muir. It is a little black beastie, about the size of my And here I beg that parties, and the bar in general (In- thoom nail. The country people ca' them clocks, and i terrupted by Lord Hermand-—"Your Lordship should ad- believe they ca’ them also Maggy-wi’-the-mony-feet; but dress yourself to the chair.”) I say,—I beg it may be un this is not a beast like any Louse that ever I saw, so that, derstood, that I do not rest my opinion on the ground in my opinion, though the defender may have made a blun that verites convicii excusat. I am clear that, although this der, through ignorance, in comparing them, there does not Beetle actually were an Egyptian Pediculus, it would af seem to have been any animus injuriandi, therefore a'm for

refusing the petition, my Lords. * This jeu d'esprit is understood to be an carly production of Mr.

Lord BALMUTO.--A'm for refusing the petition. There's Cranstoun, now Lord Corehouse. The allusions are necessarily local, and some of the characters are already beginning to be forgotten even

more Lice than Beetles in Fife. They cal them Beetlein Scotland. But the wit is as fresh and sparkling as ever.

clocks there ; what they ca' a Beetle, is a thing as lang as,


my arm, thick at the one end, and small at the other. I Lord METHVEN.-If I understand this ama-interthought when I read the petition, that the Beetle, or Bittle, locutor, it is not said that the a----- Egyptian Lice had been the thing that the women have when they are are Beetles, but that they may be, or a-a-2-3_resemble washing towels or napery with things for dadding them Beetles. with- and I see the petitioner is a jeweller to his trade, and I am therefore for sending the process to the Ordinary, I thought he had ane o' thae Beetles, and set it all round to ascertain the fact, as I think it depends upon that, whewith diamonds, and I thought it a foolish and extravagant ther there be a-a---a-convicium or not. I think, idea, and I saw no resemblance it could have to a Louse ; also, the petitioner should be ordained to a__a-probut I find I was mistaken, my Lord, and I find it only duce his Beetle, and the defender an Egyptian Louse or Beetle-clock the petitioner has; but my opinion's the same Pediculus, and that he should take a diligence a-a-ait was before. I say, my Lords, a'm for refusing the peti- to recover Lice of various kinds, and these may be remitted tion, I say

to Doctor Monro, or Mr Playfair, or to some other natura. Lord WOODHOUSELEE. There is a case abridged in the list to report upon the subject._AGREED TO. third volume of the Dictionary of Decisions, Chalmers against Douglas, in which it is found that veritas convicii excusat, which may be rendered, not literally, but in a free and spi.

Fumigation is practised in various ways, and a great rited manner, according the most approved principles of many substances are employed in fumigating processes. translation, “the truth of calumny affords a relevant de- Some preparations of mercury have been burned, and fence." If, therefore, it be the law of Scotland, which patients have been exposed to their fumes, for the puram clearly of opinion it is, that the truth of the calumny pose of producing on the body the peculiar action of meraffords a relevant defence, and if it be likewise true that the cury ; and fumigation is much employed to destroy the Diamond Beetle is really an Egyptian Louse, I am inclined contagious matter of several diseases. One of the most beto conclude, though certainly the case is attended with dif- neficial instances of this, is the employment of the fumes of ficulty, that the defender ought to be assoilzied. Refuse.

nitric or muriatic acid to destroy the contagion of fever. Lord Justice-clerk Rae.--I am very well acquainted This is done by pouring sulphuric acid on saltpetre; the with the defender in this action, and have respect for him sulphuric acid combines with the potash of the saltpetre, -and esteem him likewise. I know him to be a skilful and the nitric acid fumes thoroughly mixing with the air, and expert surgeon, and also a good man; and I would go destroys the contagious matter of which it is the vehicle. a great length to serve him, if I had it in my power to do | The best way to fill the chamber, the ward, or the ship, St. But I think on this occasion he has spoken rashly, where contagion is suspected, is to place a number of saucers and, I fear, foolishly and improperly; I hope he had no in different parts of the room, to put saltpetre in each of bad intention—I am sure he had not. But the petitioner them, and to pour on the sulphuric acid. The doors and (for whom I have likewise a great respect, because I knew windows should be shut for some time, and then a current his father, who was a very respectable baker in Edinburgh, of fresh air admitted. Another gas, which has been emand supplied my family with bread, and very good bread it ployed to destroy contagion, is the muriatic acid gas, or vawas, and for which his accounts were regularly discharged) pour from sca-salt. This is to be extracted from sea-salt it seems has a Clock or a Beetle, I think it is called a Dia ly nearly the same process, pouring sulphuric acid upon it; mond Beetle, which he is very fond of, and has a fancy the vapour which rises is probably equally effectual, but it for, and the defender has compared it to a Louse, or a Bug, is more irritating and offensive to the lungs of those who or a Flea, or something of that kind, with a view to ren

are exposed to it. Fumigation with sulphur may also be der it despicable or ridiculous, and the petitioner so likewise, practised. The clothes of those who have been ill of fever as the proprietor or owner thereof. It is said that this should be carefully fumigated, and the walls of their apartbeast is a Louse in fact, and that the veritas convicii ercu- ment, and the furniture should be completely exposed to the sat ; and mention is made of a decision in the case of Chal- disinfecting vapour. In the small-pox, there is a most pecumers against Douglas. I have always had a great venera

liar odour in the apartments of the sick, which continues many tion for the decisions of your Lordships, and, I am sure, weeks or months after their recovery; and the contagion of will always continue to have while I sit here ; but that case fever, though less obvious to the senses, may reasonably be supwas determined by a very small majority, and I have heard posed to lurk as long, if not carefully destroyed, The sprinkyour Lordships mention it on various occasions, and you ling of the sick chamber with heated vinegar, or throwing it have always desiderated the propriety of it, and, I think, upon hot coals, though it may not have the power of destroyhave departed from it in some instances. I remember the ing contagion, is nevertheless a very good practice, as it circumstances of the case well. Helen Chalmers lived in encourages ventilation, is refreshing to the sick, and gives Musselburgh, and the defender, Mrs. Bailie, lived in Fisher- confidence to the necessary attendants. raw, and at that time there was much intercourse between the genteel inhabitants of Fisherrow, and Musselburgh,

TO MY CARRIER PIGEON. and Inveresk, and likewise Newbigging, and there were

Come hither, thou beautiful rover, balls, or dances, or assemblies every fortnight, or oftener ;

Thou wand'rer of earth and of air, and also sometimes, I believe, every week ; and there

Who hearest the sighs of the lover,

And bringest him news of his fair ; were card parties, assemblies, once a fortnight, or oftener ;

Oh! perch on my hand, dearest minion, and the young people danced there also, and others played

And turn up thy bright eye and peck, at cards, and there were various refreshments, such as tea,

With thy love billet under thy pinion, and coffee, and butter and bread, and, I believe, but I am

And gold circle round thy u bite neck. not sure, porter and negus, and likewise small beer; and

Here is bread of the whitest and sweetest, it was at one of these assemblies that Mrs. Baillie called

And there is a sip of white wine ; Mis. Chalmers a , or an and said she had been

Though thy wing is the lightest and fleetest, lying with Commissioner Cardonald, a gentleman whom I

'Twill be fleeter when nerv'd by the vine; know very well at one time, and had a great respect for

I have written on rose-scented paper, le s dead many years ago. And Mrs. Chalmers brought an

With thy wing quill, a soft billet-doux; action of defamation before the Commissaries, and it came

I have melted the wax in Lorer's taper, by advocation into this Court, and your Lordships allowed

'Tis the colour of true hearts - light blue. a pioof of the veritas convicii, and it lasted a very long

I have fastend it under thy pinion time, and in the end answered no good purpose, even to the

With a blue ribbon round thy soft neck ; defender herself, while it did much hurt to the pursuer's cha

So go from me, beautiful minion, racter.

While the pure ether shews not a speck ;

Like a cloud in the dim distance fleeting, I am, therefore, for REFUSING a proof in this case, and

Like an arrow he hurries away ; think the petitioner, in this case, and his Beetles, have And farther and farther retreating, been slandered, and the petition ought to be seen.

He is lost in the clear blue of day.

ON TIIE MORAL TRAINING OF CHILDREN. self-will, and engenders pride and selfishness, the other no (For the Schoolmaster.)

less en bitters present existence, debases the mind, and

strikes at the root of the most valuable social virtues LETTER II.

Where the dread of punishment predominates, the disposiWhen the faculties of the mind begin to open and expand, tion is generally artful; hence, the fear which is thus prochildren are curious and inquisitive. The objects around duced, prompts children not so much to avoid committing them affect their senses, and induce them to ask a variety faults, as to elude detection by base subterfuges, which still

more tend to debase and vitiate the mind. of questions; and it is at this period, principally, that pa

Correction, when it is necessary, ought rather to be aprents, by a simple and affectionate manner of conversing plied to the mind than the body; so far, at least, as the with them, acquire almost unbounded influence over their circumstances will admit. Let it be administered as mediyoung minds. But, do not parents, alas! too often neglect cine for the cure of mental disorder ; but let children see to improve this important period by their impatient con- that it is done with reluctance; let them be convinced that

it is necessary, and intended solely for their good. Deprir. duct? At first, indeed, when the little prattlers begin to

ing the offender of something on which he sets a valne; unfold their ideas, by expressing them in words, we listen withholding our customary marks of affection; putting him cagerly to their simple observations, and are delighted with into temporary confinement or disgrace; showing hin, at them; yet it generally happens that, after a while, what the same time, that we are more afficted than offended Brand been so delightful and entertaining ceases to be so ; with him for what he has done, will in general have a

much better effect than the frequent recurrence to the rod, tilen instead of meeting with that encouragement which which only irritates the disposition, without convincing the they ought, in expressing their ideas, they are repulsed for judgment. If, inderd, the rod should apparently effect a their troublesome talkativeness, or unbecoming presumption. cure, it frequently happens that the will to do wrong still Thus, we not only deter them from opening their minds to remains; and, what is worse, the odious and much-to-beus, but also deprive ourselves of the means of affording them detested spirit of revenge is but too apt to be generated by

such a mode of correction. that information and instruction which, at their time of

But, in objection to this, it may be urged, what Solomon life, they so much require; and which it is our duty, as it says,“ Ele that spareth the rod hateth his son ;" a say, ought likewise to be our happiness, to communicate. ing which, it is nuch to be feared, has, in too many inChildren feel severely this change of behaviour towards stances, (in consequence of being too literally understood,)

been the cause of both parents and others. intrusted with them; the consequence is, they become shy, silent, and re

the education of children, resorting to corporal punishment served towards their parents, and are induced to associate much oftener than they ought, or, in all probability, would with those who will be more accommodating to them, such have donc, had they viewed it in a proper light. It is no. as complaisant servants, from whom it is not to be expected thing inore, indcul, than a strong emblematical figure, im. they can derive much improvement. Generally speaking, plying the necessity of keeping the will under proper sub

jection; and was never meant to be taken literally, as it the ideas of common servants are very limited, often ab- stands, any more than a number of other sayings of a simi. surd, and even dangerous ; while their language is vulgar lar nature, which, it is manifest, can only be understood in and their manners coarse. From familiarity with them, a figurative or emblematical sense. Such, for example, as therefore, children can derive no advantage; wbile, by such

“ Foolishness is bound up in the heart of a child, but the

rol of correction shall drive it far from him;"-or this, intercourse they frequently contract awkward habits, and

6. Withhold not correction from the child; for if thou beat. learn ungrammatical and low, if not bad, expressions. It est him with the rod, he shall not die. Thou shalt beat him is well if the evil go no further. Too often, alas! is the with the rod, and shall deliver his soul from hell.” Or dreadful contamination of vice communicated from such this, “ The rod and reproof give wisdom; but a child left society, and the young mind polluted by the knowledge of to himself bringeth his motiver to shame.” And so in a what it ought never to know. Would it not be better still variety of other instances, where by “the rod," is not liter

ally meant the rod, or corporal punishinent, but an early to continue our attentive regard, by listening patiently to and careful restraint of the will, by whatever means. Other what they have to say, and answering their inquiries with mistakes may be as readily made, as, indeed, many are, by out suffering even their frivolous prattle to put us out of not attending to this figurative mode of expressioni,--as temper? Very different is this kind of indulgence and en

where it is said “ God is angry!" and also “punishes !" couraging familiarity, from that of gratifying their self- writings, but as the best adapted to general comprehension :

which is to be considered not only as peculiar to the sacred will or unreasonable demands; which is only done by the the Divine Book being read and understood by the simple indulgence of their improper desires, with which cvery idea according to his siraplicity, and by the wise according to of happiness becomes identified, to the exclusion of all con

his wisdom. cern about the happiness or welfare of others, except so far, totally abandoned ?" To which we answer, If it can be

Still, it may be asked --" Is corporal punishment to be indeed, as it may be connected with their own. Thus, sel. wholly dispensed with, so much the better ; but when all fishness becomes the predominant feature of the character, other means fail, there is then certainly no alternative. In accompanied with pride, peevishness, and anger, whenever the case of those, however, who have been under proper the will is thwarted; and thus, a capricious humour is the training from their infancy, the instances in which it would una roilable consequence.

be necessary to resort to the rod, particularly if they are

capable of being reasoned with, would be extremely rare. Many are the tyrannical husbands and fathers, and re- The necessity for it it all, indeed, arises entirely from misfractory wives and mothers, that have been so formed, by an

management or neglect in their previous moral training. education in which the will had never been accustomed to But when it is necessary to inflict correction upon children, be thwarted, or brought into subjection by wholesome cor never let it be attended by furious looks, or loud tones of rection and reproof in early life. And may we not appeal to voice, voranyotherexternal symptoms of anger and passivi, those who have lived in a family of spoiled children, that lest it be mistaken for revenge, create mischievous associathe gratification of the will is uniformly productive of mi- tions, and weaken filial respect and filial affection. Vio sery, not only to the children themselves, but to all who lence will never cure obstinacy; it can only inflame the have any thing to do with them? But whilst we endeavour passionate, aud confirm the stubborn. Obstinncy frequentto avoid all improper indulgence, let us beware of the op- ly is the offspring of strength of mind and active powers Josite extreme of over severity. If the first stregthens taking a wrong directio.. Paticuce and mildness will

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