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scure, are not a whit less dark and revolting than the history and were all buried there ;' which place bears the name of of despotism on the large scale of a Turkish or Russian des Macfadden to this day. Brux leit no children but one pot, before opinion or dread of the bowstring had inter- daughter, named Katherine, under the guardianship of
the Earl of Mar, agaiast whom Muat had rebelled, alposed a restraining power on their actions. The Bailie More though his vassal. Brux's taking the earl's side was the in Strathspey-or Big Bailie--not much more than a cen. cause of the quarrel. The young lady made a vow · tury back, hung at pleasure ; and, as is not unusual in such never to marry any but him who would revenge the death cases, took great pleasure in hanging :~$0 true it is, « that of her father. The Lord Forbes had four sons; one of increase of appetite doth grow by what it feeds on;" and them falling in love with Katherine Cameron, undertook this whether for good or evil.
to revenge the death of the Camerons. Muat, hearing of
On one occasion, the Big this, sent him a defiance or challenge, to meet hiin on the Bailie hanged two brothers on the same tree. He was, 8th of May, at a place called Badenyoan, near the head of however, surpassed in enormity by another of these High-Glenbucket
. They both kept the appointment; but being land janissaries in the same district. Bailie Roy, or the afraid of treachery, each brought a great number of their Red Bailie, who proceeded with Jeddart justice, then the friends and followers along with them. When they met
to prevent more bloodshed, they agreed on a single combat; only justice to be obtained, to hang a man, and try him and both parties solemnly vowed to live in peace with whoafterwards. The Red Bailie's victim was named Stewart. ever of them should be victorious. But at this place Forbes Those hangings were always attended with the immediate killed Muat; and here there was a monument set up, confiscation of goods to the vizier ; and indeed this was
which is called Clachmuat, or Muat's stone to this day.
Of this event, tradition gives an account somewhat differoften the leading object of the execution. Roy once boiled ent, and with additional circumstances, of which the folthe heads of two thieves he had hanged, and afterwards lowing only are perhaps worthy of notice, viz. That Kathespiked them; and he anticipated the French Terrorists in rine Cameron, after her father's death, lived under the im. Nogades. Two men he drowned in sacks near the manse
mediate care or guardianship of her mother, Lady Brux, of Abernechy, in Strathspey. This vizier founded a family, exasperated by the treacherous murder of her husband, and
a woman animated by a spirit suited to the times; and who, and purchased an estate with the fruits of his rapine and successive outrages of the Muat clan, is stated to have made confiscations. Another of those wretches, Bailie Bane, or the vow, (ascribed with less probability to the youthful the Fair Bailie, for they were of all complexions, though of Katherine,) “ That whoever should bring to her Muat's one nature, became so detested for his rapacity and cruelty, daughter and the estate of Brur.” Such a prize, so to be
head, or evidence of having killed him, should have her that the oppressed people drowned him in the Spey, and
won, could not remain long uncontended for. Robert Forpretended that he had been thrown into the river from bes, the youngest of Drimminor's sons, a warm admirer of horseback. When affecting, with great sorrow, to search for the young lady, challenged Muat, fought, and killed hiin his body in the Haughs of Cromdale, a man inquired what with his dirk or skien, after a long and desperate contest, they sought, and when informed, said, “ Turn back, turn
as narrated in the poem. Going directly froin the field of
battle to the house of his fair one, and bearing, no doubt, back ; ye'll find him up the water, like the fiddler's wife. ample credentials of his zeal and success, Forbes was proHe was ever acting against nature.” The viziers, though they ceeding to claim the promised reward, and to deprecate the had holdings on the estates, had no emoluments save what postponement of his happiness to any distant period, when they were able to extort from the wretched people by con
Lady Brux, in a tone and manner sufficiently characteristic
of her feelings on the occasion, settled at once all dispute as bacations and fines, which they both imposed, and pocketed ; to the time and preparatory ceremonials of the marriage, they were also entitled to a few days of labour from the by declaring, that “ Kate Cameron should go to bed with tenants or vassals; for they were still in fact vassals. This Rob Forbes as lang's Muat's blood was reekin' on his was called the Bailie's Dary, it was in addition to the gully." Of this arrangement, report sayeth, that the gallaird's dues, and was severely exacted. They were also enti- blushing bride did not permit the maiden scruples she was
lant Forbes expressed entire approbation, and that his tled to a kind of legacy-duty, consisting of the best cow, ox, about to make to stand a moment in competition with her horse, or other property of which a man died in possession, filial obedience.
and which, like the modern legacy-duty, was remorselessly sleried from widows and orphans, at the time they most
AN OLD ENGLISH BARONET'S OPINION OF needed solace and assistance.
“ALL is grown pride and poverty, excess and want, show Susce we are noticing feudal manners, we give an in- and unsubstantiality. We drive ont eight or twelve miles stance of the indomitable pride and fierce spirit of revenge
to dinner, when we should be thinking of bed-time; and if which animated our ancestors, which is, we believe, unparal. I have been shooting in the moruing, I live all day in leled. It is given from the traditionary stores of a gentle hopes of a disappointment. I visit men and women who nan, originally of “the north countrie,” whose reminis. care for neither me nor my wife, and whose only thought, cences would be a treasure of Jacobite and popular anti- from the moment I enter their houses, is to make the quarian lore:
greatest display possible; and, to do them jnstice, this is Brux is the seat of the ancient Camerons, who were en the exact feeling we have towards them. In my younger gaged in a quarrel with Muat, Laird of Abergeldy, who at days some of my friends thought that I sometines kept low that time possessed most part of that country which is called company:-Low company did I? Is it family they alluded Braemar, upon the river Dee. pates, Cameron, Laird of Brux, and Muat of Abergeldy, to? I am sure I visit more and bastardis among agreed to meet at the hill of Drumgaudrum, near the river | this high grade! Or did they mean dunces and fools ?. I Don, and to bring twelve horsemen on each side, and there can produce five to one in our privileged order. As for decide their quarrel by the sword. Muat treacherously honour and honesty, credit and reputation, I assure you brought two men on each horse, so that they were two to one. Brux, and all his sons, and most of his party, were
that the intrusion of sycophants and flatterers is. Ho predo. killed : on the other side, Muat's two sons, the Laird of minant, and the pretensions of upstart professional gentie. Macfadden, and several others, were killed upon the spot, men, ashamed of business, trade and reasonable crploy
ment, so pressing, that I have greater selection to make small peculiarity, which mere wealth toils to imitate than ever I did in my life. Then, during the visiting sea some arbitrary disposition of a vehicle or a garment : and son, my servants, carriages, and horses, are, from morning in this poor avoidance of the old or the vulgar, they place till night, ay, and through the night, employed in greater all their pride, and exhaust all their talents. The principle scenes of idleness and demoralization than they ever knew of exclusion is not inconsistent with enjoyment, if the Exin my very idlest days; when I drove from race course to clusives but possessed the social qualities; but they have race course, and drank claret and champagne by the dozen. neither wit, enthusiasm, imagination, nor learning: the It cannot last, I plainly see, for some of us are brought to an only distinctions they can reach are such as might be atend year after year. The Rev. Mr. - and his wife tained by stable boys and cabriolet drivers—they consist and family, is just gone off to the continent, while the va- merely in a violation of all those points of manners and luable Rectory goes through a course of sequestration. Mr. feelings that other classes hold to be respectable. This is Mhas cut down the fine plantation of Oaks, which his an unhappy peculiarity, which, while it separates them grandfather planted, and W—'s race-horses all went to from the rest of their countrymen, equally holds them apart the hammer last week.". -This unfortunate baronet had from maintaining real fellowship among themselves. They been entrapped into fashionable society by a fine lady wife. are stars, indeed, but anxiously watching each other's fall: She died when he had just full time to understand and des- they are atoms of matter brought together by the attraction pise that utterly worthless and presumptuous state of $o- of cohesion, but rejecting all real union by their principles ciety, which looks down with superciliousness upon the of.repulsion. Among other virtues of the Reform Bill, we lower orders. He had found that a “superior style" is anticipate that it will put down the Exclusives and the only superior show. Characters of wit, he discovered, were Fashionable World ; not by interfering with it directly, very laboured, very uncertain, and yet more wearisome but by raising the middle classes so far in independence, from their sameness. But what proved most offensive to importance, and virtuous ambition, as to drive the indus. his feelings was to hear upstart great ones talk of “their trious ennuyes into their real insignificance. Political family and their pedigree.” A remark of his will not soon power has more to do with the Exclusive principle than be forgotten in his own neighbourhood. The conversation has been commonly imagined ; a secret which has, howhad continued for two or three hours_of “Who are they ? ever, struck the German Prince, during his attentive obser. what are they ?” in reference to the whole circle of the vation of the phenomenon of English society. At present, neighbourhood having pretensions to gentility, and all in it is rather equivocal taste to be in the House of Commons reference to family consequence and property, when Sir —the greater part of that House is pronounced not to be Harry said, “I think a man ought to be stripped of honour “good society:" wait a while, and there will probably be as soon as he has lost character. There is not a man in less “good society” in it than even now ; for, to be a pa. this county can boast higher pedigree than three, one of tient and intelligent guardian of the public interests, is no whom I should little scruple to name a notorious black- qualification for a good society;" to be upright, impartial, leg, the second an arrant swindler, and the third I could and persevering in the discharge of duty, implies no preput upon trial for his life for forgery. There is a fourth tension to fashion ; nay, a man might possess all the talents who can trace his pedigree to half the great families in the and the virtues of the model of a legislator, and yet possess country, and yet is more infamous than all the rest put to. no claim to be any thing but a Nobody. gether; and it is not a little remarkable that the two proudest people in our neighbourhood are natural children.
THE BARN OWL. The gentleman is son of a West India planter ; and his lady is the daughter of a celebrated baronet and Mrs. against the family of the owl, I think I only know of one
A Mongst the numberless verses which might be quoted the actress."
little ode which expresses any pity for it. Our nursery.
maid used to sing it to the tune of the Storm, “Cease, rude FASHIONABLES.
Boreas, blust'ring railer.” I remember the two first stanzas Of all the castes into which this country is divided, none of it :is so unhappy as that of the Fashionables, for they alone
“ Once I was a monarch's daughter, feel the burden of existence : the other end of society resorts
And sat on a lady's knee ;
But I'm now a nightly rover, to vice through poverty, the Exclusive to crime from the
Banish'd to the ivy-tree. lack of the power of self-amusement. The extremes meet in the character of their enjoyments, if not in their theatre.
Crying hoo hoo, hoo hoo, hoo hoo, A London Exclusive of the present day is pronounced by
Hoo hoo, hoo, my feet are cold !
Pity me, for here you see me, the Prince Puchler Muskau, an excellent judge—"a bad,
Fersecuted, poor, and old.” fat, dull impression of a roué of the Regency and a courtier
I beg the reader's pardon for this exordium. I have of J.ouis the Fifteenth; both have in common, selfishness, introduced it, in order to shew how little chance there has levity, boundless vanity, and an utter want of heart ; both been, from days long passed and gone to the present time, think they can set themselves above every thing by means
of studying the haunts and economy of the owl, because of contempt, derision, and insolence." Nothing can be its unmerited bad name has created it a host of foes
, and more true than this. The class of Fashionables in England tainly, from time to time, have
been kept in cages, and in
doomed it to destruction from all quarters. Some few, are stupid among themselves, and boorish to all others. aviaries. But nature rarely thrives in captivity, and very The Nobodies, we must say, very frequently deserve their seldom appears in her true character when she is encumcontempt, by endeavouring to imitate these odious models. bered with chains, or is to be look ed at by the passing The object of fashionable ambition is always a paltry one: going to change ; and I trust that the reader will contem.
crowd through bars of iron.
However, the scene is now the brilliancy of its votaries consists in a display of some peate the owl with more friendly fer-lings, and under quite
different circumstances. Here, no rude schoolboy ever ap- when the weather is gloomy, you may see an owl upc proaches its retreat ; and those who once dreaded its dia- apparently enjoying the refreshing diurnal breeze. "Tts bolical doings are now fully satisfied that it no longer year (183)) a pair of barn owls hatched their young, on meddles with their destinies, or has any thing to do with the 7th September, in a sycamore-tree, near the old ruined the repose of their departed friends. Indeed, human wretches gateway. in the shape of body-snatchers, seem here in England to If this useful bird caught its food by day, instead of have usurped the office of the owl in our churchyards ; hunting for it by night, mankind would have ocular de
et vendunt tumulis corpora rapta suis." Up to the year 1813, the barn owl had a sad time of it and it would be protected and encouraged everywhere. It
monstrations of its utility in thinning the country of inice, at Walton Hall. Its supposed mournful notes alarmed the would be with us what the ibis was with the Egyptians. aged housekeeper. She knew full well what sorrow it had When it has young, it will bring a mouse to the nest about brought into other houses when she was a young woman ; and there was enough of mischief in the midnight wintry proper idea of the enormous quantity of mice which this
every twelve or fifteen minutes. But, in order to have a blast, without having it increased by the dismal screams of bird destroys, we must examine the pellets which it ejects something which people knew very little about, and which from its stomach in the place of its retreat. Every pellet every body said was far too busy in the churchyard at contains from four to seven skeletons of mice. In sixteen night-time. Nay, it was a well-known fact, that if any months from the time that the apartment of the owl on the person were sick in the neighbourhood, it would be for ever old gateway was eleaned out, there has been a deposit of looking in at the window, and holding a conversation out- above a bushel of pellets. side with somebody, they did not know whom. The gamekeeper agreed with her in every thing she said on this im- I was sitting under a shed, and killed a very large rat, as
The barn owl sometimes carries off rats. One evening poi tant subject ; and he always stood better in her books when he had managed to shoot a bird of this bad and mischiev. it was coming out of a hole, about ten yards from where I ous family. However, in 1813, on my return from the another shot. As it lay there a barn owl pounced upon it,
was watching it. I did not go to take it up, hoping to get wilds of Guiana, having suffered myself, and learned mercy, and flew away with it. I broke in pieces the code of penal laws which the knavery of the gamekeeper and the lamentable ignorance of the
This bird has been known to catch fish. Some years other servants had hitherto put in force, far too successful ago, on a fine evening in the month of July, long before
it ly, to thin the numbers of this poor, harmless, unsuspecting and minuting the owl by my watch, as she brought mice
was dark, as I was standing on the middle of the bridge, tribe. On the ruin of the old gateway, against which, into her nest, all on a sudden she dropped perpendicularly tradition says, the waves of the lake have dashed for the into the water. Thinking that she had fallen down in better part of a thousand years, I made a place with stone epilepsy, my first thoughts were to go and fetch the boat; and mortar, about four feet square, and fixed a thick oaken but before I had well got to the end of the bridge, I saw the stick firmly into it. Huge masses of ivy now quite cover it . In about a month or so after it was finished, a pair of take it to the nest. This fact is mentioned by the late much
owl rise out of the water, with a fish in her claws, and barn owls came and took up their abode in it. Í threatened to strangle the keeper if ever, after this, he molested revered and lamented Mr. Aitkinson, of Leeds, in his either the old birds, or their young ones ; and I assured the friend of his, to whom I had communicated it a few days
Compendium,” in a note, under the signature of W., a housekeeper that I would take upon myself the whole re
after I had witnessed it. sponsibility of all the sickness, wo, and sorrow that the new tenants might bring into the Hall. She made a low the description of the amours of the owl by a modern
I cannot make up my mind to pay any attention to. curtsy; as much as to say, “Sir, I fall into your will and writer ; at least, the barn owl plays off no buffooneries here, pleasure ;" but I saw in her eye that she had made up her such as those which he describes. An owl is an owl all mind to have to do with things of fearful and portentous the world over, whether under the influence of Momus, shape, and to hear many a midnight wailing in the surrounding woods. I do not think, that up to the day of this Venus, or Diana. old lady's death, which took place in her eighty-fourth the eggs of their pigeon, they lay the saddle on the wronz
When farmers complain that the barn owl destroys year, she ever looked with pleasure or contentment on the barn owl, as it flew round the large sycamore-trees which horse. They ought to put it on the rat. Formerly I couli grow near the old ruined gateway.
get very few young pigeons, till the rats were excluded ef. When I found that this first settlement on the gateway fectually from the dove-cot. Since that took place it has had succeeded so well, I set about forming other establish produced a great abundance every year, though the barn ments. This year I have had four broods, and I trust that owls frequent it, and are encouraged all around it. The next season I can calculate on having nine. This will be a If it were really an enemy to the dove-cot, we should see
barn owl merely resorts to it for repose and concealment. pretty increase, and it will help to supply the place of those the pigeons in commotion as soon as it begins its evening which in this neighbourhood are still unfortunately doomed flight; but the pigeons heed it not ; whereas, if the sparto death, by the hand of cruelty or superstition.
row-hawk or wind-hover should make their appearance, the now always have a peep at the owls, in their habitation on the old ruined gateway, whenever we choose. Confident of that the barn owl is not looked upon as a bad, or even &
whole community would be up at once, proof sufficient protection, these pretty birds betray no fear when the stranger mounts up to their place of abode. I would here suspicious, character by the inhabitar.ts of the dove-cot. venture a surmise, that the barn owl sleeps standing. ways been made betwixt the screeching and the hooting of
Till lately, a great and well-known distinction has alWhenever we go to look at it, we invariably see it upon the perch bolt upright, and often with its eyes closed, apparent when I am in the woods after poachers, about an hour be
owls. The tawny owl is the only owl which hoots; and ly fast asleep. Buffon and Bewick err (no doubt, unintentionally) when they say that the bar owl snores during fore daybreak, I hear with extreme delight its loud, clear, its repose. What they took for snoring was the cry of the and sonorous notes, resounding far and near through hiul young birds for food. I had fully satisfied myself on this and dale. Very different from these notes is the screech of
the barn owl. But Sir William Jardine informs us that tore some years ago. However, in December, 1823, I was much astonished to hear this same snoring kind of noise, this owl hoots ; and that he has shot it in the act of hootwhich had been so common in the month of July. On as
ing. This is stiff authority; and I believe it, because it
comes from the pen of Sir William Jardine. Still, how. cending the ruin, I found a brood of young .owls in the
ever, methinks that it ought to be taken in a somewhat di. apartinent.
Cpon this ruin is placed a perch, about a foot from the luted state ; we know full well that most extraordinary exhole at which the owls enter. Sometimes, at mid-day, amples of splendid talents do, froin time to time, make
their appearance on the world's wide stage. Thus, Frank. . And sell bodies torn from their toinbs.
lin brought down fire from the skies :-“ Eripuit fulmen
cælo, sceptrumque tyrannis." Paganini has led all Lon- I looked into their pleasant garden. Half up the lower con captive hy a single piece of twisted catgut;-" Tu casement of the window, there was a white muslin'cut. potes reges comitesque stultos ducere.”+ Leibuitz tells us tain, made out of one of her mother's old-fashioned tam. ot'a dog in Germany that could pronounce distinctly thirty boured aprons, drawn across from side to side, for the winwords. Goldsmith informs us that he once heard a raven now had no shutters. It would be only to' distress the whistle the tune of the “ Shamrock" with great distinctness, reader to tell what she suffered. Long she struggled, and truth, and humour. With these splendid examples before weak she grew; and a sough of her desperate case went up our eyes, may we not be inclined to suppose that the barn and down the town like the plague that walketh in dark. owl which Sir William shot in the absolute act of hooting ness. Many came to inquire for her, both gentle and may have been a gifted bird, of superior parts and knowledge semple; and it was thought that the Dominie would have (una de multis, as Horace says of Miss Danaus,) endow- beeu in the crowd of callers; but he came not. ed, perhaps, from its early days, with the faculty of hoot
In the unidst of her suffering, when I was going about ing, or else skilled in the art by having been taught it by my business in the room, with the afflicted lying-in woits neighbour the tawny owl? I beg to remark, that man, 1 happened to give a glint to the window, and startlet thouya i unhesitatingly grant the faculty of hooting to this I was, to sce, like a ghost, looking over the white curtain, one particular individual owl, still I Hatly refuse to believe the melancholious visage of Dominie Quarto, with watery tliat hooting is common to barn owls in general. Ovid, in eyes glistening like two stars in the candle light. bis sixth book “ Fastorum,” pointedly says, that it screeched I told one of the women who happened to be in the in his day
to go out to the sorrowful young man, and tell him not to
look in at the window ; whereupon she went out, and re“Est illis strigibus nomen ; sed nominis hujus
monstratel with him for some time. While she was gone, Causa, quod horrendà stridere nocte solent." || The barn owl may be heard shrieking here perpetually to Abraham's bosom. This was a most unfortunate thing;
sweet Mally Stoups and her unborn baby were carried away on the portico, and in the large sycamore-trees near the and I went out before the straighting-board could be goto house. It shrieks equally when the moon shines and when ten, with a heavy heart, on account of my poor family, the night is rough and cloudy; and he who takes an inte that might sutier, if I was found guilty of being to blame. rest in it may here see the barn owl the night through
I had not gone beyond the threshold of the back-door when there is a moon ; and he may hear it shriek, that led into the garden, when I discerned a dark tiruv within a few yards of him, long before dark; and again, between me and the westling scad of the setting inoon. On often after daybreak, before it takes its final departure to going towards it, I was greatly surprised to find the weepits wonted resting-place. I am amply repaid for the pains ing Dominie, who was keeping watch for the event there, I have taken to protect and encourage the barn owl; it
and had just heard what had happened, by one of the wv. pays nie a hundred fold by the enormous quantity of mice
men telling another. which it destroys throughout the year. The servants now
This symptom of true live and tenderness made me for, no longer tvish to persecute it. Often, on a fine summer's get my motherly anxieties, and I did all I could to console evening, with delight I see the villagers loitering under the the poor lad; but he was not to be comforted, saying, " It sycamere-trees longer than they would otherwise do, to
was a great trial when it was ordained that she should lia have a peep at the barn owl, as it leaves the ivy-mantled
in the arms of Jock Sym, but it's faur waur to think that tower : fortunate for it, if, in lieu of exposing itself to dan- the kirk-yard hole is to be her bed, and her bridegroom the ger, by mixing with the worlıl at large, it only knew the
worm." advantage of passing its nighis at home; for here
Poor forlorn creature, I had not a word to say. Indere, No birils that haunt my valley free
he made my heart swell in my bosom ; and I could never To slaughter I condemn;
forget the way in which he grat over my hand, that he took Tanyht by the Power that pities me,
between both of his, as a dear thing, that he was prone to I learn to pity them.
fondle and mourn over. CHARLES WATERTON. $
But his cutting grief did not end that night; on the SabWalton Hall.
bath evening following, as the custom is in our parish, Mrs. THE STICKET MINISTER.
Sym was ordained to be interred; and there was a great In our parish there lived a young lad, a sticket minister, gathering of freends and neighbours ; for both she and her not very alluring in his looks; indeed, to say the truth, he Dominie would be there, for his faithfulness was spoken of
gudeman were well thought of. Everybody expected the was by nany, on account of them, thought to be not far by all pitiful tongues; but he stayed away for pure grief; short of a haverel ; for he was lank and most uncomely, he hid himself from the daylight, and the light of everyhu; being in-kneed; but, for all that, the minister said he was a young man of great parts, and had not only a streak of went to ring the eight o'clock bell, he saw the Dominie
man eye. In the gloaming, however, after, as the bethere! geni, but a vast deal of inordinate erudition. He went commonly by the name of Dominie Quarto; and it came to standing with a downcast look, near the new grave, all
which made baith a long and a sad story, for many a day pass, that he set his affections on a weel-faured lassie, the dnughter of Mrs. Stoups, who keepit the Thistle lun. In thought of it without a pang: but all trades have their
among us: I doubt if it's forgotten yet.
As for me, I never this there was nothing wonderful, for she was a sweet maiden, troubles; and the death of a young wife and her unborn and nobody ever saw her without wishing her well, But
baby, in her nineteenth year, is not one of the least that I she could not abide the Dominie: and, indeed, it was no
have had to endure in mine. wonder, for he certainly was not a man to pleasure a wo. Her affections were settled on a young lad both mortifications and difficulties, and what was worse
But, although I met, like many others, in my outset, called Jock Sym, a horse-couper, a blithe heartsome young than all, I could not say that I was triumphant in my eman, of a genteel manner, and in great repute, therefore, deavours : yet, like the Doctors, either good luck or came among the gentlemen. He won Mally Stoups' heart; they were married, and, cernment, inson uch that'l became just wonderful for the
rience made me gradually gather a repute for skill and disin the fulness of time thereafter, her pains came on, I was gent to ease her. She lay in a back room, that request I was in. It is therefore needless for me to make
a strive for the entertainment of the reader, by rehearsing * He snatched lightning from heaven, and the sceptre, from all the han'lings that I had; but, as some of them were of yrants,
a notable kind, I will pass over the generality, and only + ' hou canst lead kings and their silly nobles.
Nota-bena here and there of those that were particu1 Ore out of many. Il They are called owls (striges,) because they are accustomed to lar, as well as the births of the babies that afterwards cane 11.c ecerntrik travelier, sportsiran, and naturalist, whose fight tobiography, giren in T'aits Magazine, by John Gall.
to be something in the world. From the Hovdio, an 14with a carpan i: so kablown.
ONE OF SIR H. DAVY'S EXPERIMENTS. interests. The Prince Royal seriously employ shimself in the
affairs of government ; his anti-constitutional sentiments, which MR. Wart's observations on the respiration of diluted hy. have been publicly avowed upon different occa ions, (recently dra.carbonate by man, and the experiments of Dr. Bedoes even in the presence of several princes whose territories enjoy on the destruction of animals by the same gas, proved that its constituions he drank to the extinction of all constitutions effects a ere highly deleterious
in Germany.) do not presage any near or favourable change for As it destroyed life, apparently by rendering the muscular the Prussian states. fibre inirritable, without producing any previous excitement, The king lor of Bavaria, the principal constitutional power I was anxious to compare its sensible effects with those of of Germany, is at this moment in extreme agitation; the storm nitrous oxide, which at this time I believed to destroy life by which everywhere threatens, is on the point of breaking out producing the highest possible excitement.
in the Rhenish provinces, belonging to Bavaria
The present In the first experiment, I breathed for nearly a minute Three King of Bavaria formerly excited great hopes, but which have quarts of hy tro-carbonate, mingled with nearly two quarts not been realised. He was very popular when Prince Royal, of atmospheric air. It produced a slight giddiness, pain in and saluted by the unanimous applause of his people when he the head and a momentary loss of voluntary power ; my came to the throne. These brilliant illusions, however, have pulse was rendered much quicker and more jeeble. These passed away, and some parts of his private conduct have given efects, however, went off in tive minutes, and I had no return great offence. His Bavarian Majesty loves nature and women, of giddiness.
and makes frequent journeys to Italy, to visit the Pope and his Embildened by this trial, I introduced into a silk bag four mistresses, usually returning from these campaigns much faquarts of gas nearly pure, which was carefully produced from tigued. Meeting by chance with a beautiful English woman, the decomposition of water by charcoal an hour before, and who came to pass i he winter at Munich, he became so captiwhich had a very strong and disayreeable smell
vated with her, that, forgetting all sense of propriety, he wishMy friend, Mr James Tubin, junior, being present. after a ed to present her himself to the queen. A scene followed forced exhaustion of my lurgs, the nose being accurately clos. which became a scandal at court, and amongst the public, for ed, I made three inspirations and expirations of the hydro- the king, in the height of his amorous warmthi
, persisted in atcarbonate. The first inspiration produced a sort of numbness tempting to present Lady E-to the queen, whilst the and loss of feeling in the chest, and about the pectoral muscles. latter, actuated by just indignation, quitted the apartment, After the second, I lost all power of perceiving external saying to him, “I was aware long since that you would deceive things, and had no distinct sensation, except that of terrible me as you have deceived your people.” It appears, however, oppression on the chest. During the third expiration, this that this lesson went for nothing. Lady E became the feeling subsided, I seemed sinkig into annihilation, and had avowed mistress of the king, wlio went in the spring to do, jost power enough to cast off the mouthpiece from my unclos- penance for his sins at Rome.
Next in order comes the Prince Elector of Hesse, whose A short interval must bave passed, during which I respired small empire does not reckon more than 500,000 inhabitants. com non air, before the objects around me were distinguish For a long 'ime the daughter of a watchmaker at Berlin, raisable. On recollecting myself, I fain ly articulated, “I do not ed to the title of the ? ountess Reichenbach, bas lived publicly think I shall die.! Placing my finger on the wrist, I found with this prince, and has a numerous family by him. Tha my pulse th: ead-like, and beating with excessive quickness. electress was forced to receive her at court with all possible lo less than a minute, I was able to walk, and the painful op- distinction. Several times this untortunate princess took repression in the chest direc ed me to the open air.
fuge in a foreign country belonging to the family of the King After making a few steps, which carried me to the garden, of Prussia, but the influence of the Cabinet of Berlin succeedmy head became giddy, my knees trembled, and I had just ed in obliging ber husband to take steps to induce her to retura sufficient soluntary power to throw myself on the grass. Here home, and she for some time lived at Cassel in good underthe painful feelings of the chest increased with such violence standing with her rival. The events in France having produce as to threaten sutlocation. At this moment I asked for some ed a great agitatiou in Germany, this prince became frightened ; nitrous oxide. Mr. Dwyer brought me a mixture of that gas and purchasing considerable property at Frankfort, for his dear with oxygen, and I breaihed it for a minute, and believed my countess and her family, he retired thither himself, wbilst self recovered.
public opinion openly pronounced against humself and his mis. Io five minutes the painful feelings began gradually to dimi, tress. The people agreed with the Chamber of Representabish; in an hour thy had nearly disappeared, and I felt only tives, in refusing their consent to a constitutional prince abanaceive weakness, and a slight swimming of the head. My doning bis siates, and residing in a foreign territory, and he was voice was very freble and indistinct
forced to return home. Not during to occupy his magnificent 1 afierwards walked slowly for half-an-hour with Mr. Tobin, palace at Cassel, he chose a small frontier towo for bis resiand on my return was so much stronger and better as to believe dence, which produced much aggravated discontent in the that the elects of the gas had entirely passed ott; though capital. Seeiig that this state of things could not long conmy pulse was 120, and very feeble, I continued without pain rinue, he handed the reigns of government to the hereditary kr eestly three quarters of an hour, when the giadness re- prince, intending to reside at Montpellier
, in France. Scarcetarbed with such violence as to oblige me to lie on the bed ; | ly installed in bis high functions, the Prince Regent, following it was accompanied with nausea, loss of memory, and deficient the example of his father, purchased the wile of a Prussiau kusation.
officer for 30,000 crowns, gave her the title of Baroness de Io about an hour and a half, the giddiness went 09, and was Schaumberg, and concluded with her a marriage Morganate, in succeeded by an excruciating pain in the forehead, and between which the remale is a sort of privileged concubine. the eyes, with transient pairs in the chest and extremities. In Saxony, the old king (who, through his friendship for
To-ards night these atfectionis gradually diminished ; and Napoleon, lost halt his territories) promenades the streets of ten no disagreeeble feeling, except n eakness, remained -- his capital every morning before daylight, repeating his prayers. 1 s'ept sound, and awoke in the morning very feeble, and very
The Grand Duke of `Hesse Darmstadt passes much of his beogry. No recurrence of the symptoms took place, and I had time in eatı y and drinking. Bearly recovered my strength by the evening.
The other little sovereigrs n Germany possess most of
them such small states, that their existence is unknown to the NOTES ON GERMANY.
rest of the world, unless some happy chance draws them forth Ar the frontiers of Austria, every one that arrives is scru
froin their profound obscurily. The Prince of Cobourg would
never have been known in Great Britain or elsewhere, but for diriad and searched with great strictness-a probibited book his marriage with a princess of England; nor would the Prince
a masønie paper is of itself sufficient to lead to arrest and of Hombourg, who reigns over a population of 20,000 and has imprisonmeent Nothiey but an English passport sets aside an army of 200 men have been distinguished but for his marthe rigours and vexatious movements of the police.
riage with an English princess. Prussia, great and powerful since 1815, divides wi'h Austria the tatelace of Germany. These two principal powers of ANIMAL LIFE.--Average duration of human life, by an Germany are the only oues who have refused io their people experienced zoologist :-Quadrupeds. The horse, from 8 to Consututional Institutions. From this difference of ideas with 32 years ; ox, 20 ; bull, 13 ; cow, 23; ass, 33; male, regard to government, continual conflicts arise, and the small 18; sheep, 10 ; ram, 15 ; dog, 14 to 25 ; swine, 25; goat, states which are all constitutional, fir.d thems-Ives placed in a many diffealt position, in being obliged to follow the impulse 8; cat, 10.--Birds. Pigron, 8 years ; turtle dove, 33; which they receive from the Courts of Vienna and Berlin- goose, 28 ; parrot, from 30 to 100 : raven, 100.-Amphi. such being often in direct opposition to their wants and their bid. Turtles and tortoisee, 30 to 100,