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tress of which portions were cut opposite to the slonghing rubber cloth is quite impenetrable and The India
expedient adopted for her comfort that could be derised. roneous--the first ludicrously :80,—the second equally She was placed upon the bed contrived for invalids by Mr. erroneous, though certainly not equally ludicrous Earl, with pillows of down and air, and out of the mat- The bed is, in short, as dry as a bed
and as parts. In spite, however, of all endeavours, the mischief ad- Arnott remarks, " The bed is a warm bed, owing to water vanced, the chief slough enlarged, another slough and a new being nearly an absolute non-conductor of heat from abyre, abscess were produced, and her life was in imminent danger. downwards, and owing to its allowing no passage of cold No sooner, however, was she laid upon the Hydrostatic Bed, air from below." than “she was instantly relieved ; sweet sleep came to her; The advantages of this bed, not merely to the bed-ridden she awoke refreshed ; she passed the next night much bet- from chronic distempers, but also in cases of accidents inter than usual ; and on the following day all the sores had jured spine, &c. are very great. It is not, however, our assumed a healthy appearance. The healing from that time province to enter at large into this point; we leave it to went on rapidly, and no new sloughs were formed : the our medical friends to illustrate them, which, we have no down pillows were needed no more.”
doubt, they will soon have ample opportunity to do, as we Such is the account given by Dr. Arnott of the wonder- cannot doubt its introduction into our hospitals, as well as ful effects produced by the Hydrostatic Bed. Nor are they its employment by the private practitioner-nay, we would at all exaggerated. The bed has been introduced into St not be at all surprised at its introduction amongst the Bartholomew's and St George's Hospitals, and elsewhere ; luxuries of the great. and in the Medical and Surgical Journal for the present month, we have an account of its employment by Dr. RISE, PROGRESS, AND PRESENT STATE OF THE Spittal, in the case of an old lady of 70, who had been con.
SECESSION CHURCH. fined constantly to bed for upwards of six weeks, during As a very considerable proportion of our readers are conthe last few of which, she suffered much from restless-nected with the Secession Church, it may not be uninterest. ness and want of sleep. She was unable to turn herself in ing to them, as well as to the public in general, at the close bed, and mortification seemed coming on. Two hours of the first century from its commencement, to present after being placed in the hydrostatic bed, she fell asleep, them with the following abstract of the rise, progress, and and slept for seven hours, being the longest sleep she had present state of that respectable body of Presbyteriaris, as enjoyed for weeks, and she continued to enjoy long and re- furnished us by one of our correspondents. freshing sleep. The condition of the mortified parts The more immediate cause of the origin of the Secession, aniended, and she became altogether improved. It is wor- was the delivery of a sermon at Perth by the Hev. Ebenezer thy of remark, that this lady was not made acquainted Erskine, minister at Stirling, on the 10th October 1732, at with the nature of the bed she was not aware she was ly- the opening of the Provincial Synod of Perth and Stirling. ing on water-but when asked how she liked it, when com. In the sequel, that rev. gentleman took the liberty of reflectpared with her former bed, she replied that she liked it ing somewhat freely on the conduct of the judicatories of better, for it was much softer. It is impossible, indeed, to the Established Church, in reference, among other evits convey an idea of the comfortable support afforded by and corruptions, to the undue countenance given by them, means of this bed to those who have not experienced it. in a number of instances, to the violent settlement of mj. So strongly did this impress the mind of an able and pious nisters on reclaiming parishes, under the anti-scriptural clergyman, that he was led to remark, “ How great is the and tyrannical law of lay patronage. Upon thic Synod's goodness of God, that puts it into the hearts of men to pro- proceeding to censure Mr. Erskine for the manly freedom vide such comforts for his creatures!!" But though we can. he had taken, he forthwith protested, in which he was in. not communicate the feeling of comfort to our readers, we mediately adhered to by the Rev. William Wilson, Perth ; can easily give them a description of the bed itself, and re- Alexander Moncrieff, Abernethy; and James Fisher, 'Kincozimend them to make a trial of it. Let them imagine, claven. These four brethren, who have since been justly then, an ordinary beil-on which is laid a wooden trough, designated as the Fathers of the Secession, after having given a foot deep, lined with zinc or lead, the same size as the in to the General Assembly and its Commission a number bed, filled with water to the depth of about 6 inches, over of farther remonstrances and protestations, instead of obwhich is placed a sheet of the India rubber cloth, upon taining any redress of their grievances, were loosed from which again is placed a suitable mattress, ready to receive their respective charges by the Assembly's Commission, on its pillow and bed-clothes—and they will have a tolerable the 16th November 1733, and on the 6th of December fol. idea of what is meant by a hydrostatic bed, the only lowing they constituted themselves into a Presbytery, nfdifference between it and a common bed being the substi, terwards known by the appellation of the Associate Pres. tution of water for the canvass or spars on which the mat- bytery. In May 1734, the General Assembly, apprehen. tress is usually placed. It will naturally suggest itself to sive of the disagreeable consequences which were likely to every individual, that some plan must be adopted in order ensue to the Church on account of their secession, passed an to prevent the water escaping from under the India rubber act restoring them to their former charges ; but as the Ascloth. This is effected, by merely fixing it very firmly to sembly in this act appeared to view them more in the chathe edges of the trough all tound, sailing it, and filling up racter of delinquents, to whom they were willing to extend all the crevices by means of white lead, or other cement. the boon of pardon, than as conscientious individuals, who The cloth being of such a size as trould suffice to line the had been unjustly aggrieved for faithfully discharging their trough were it empty, leaves amp room for free and duty in their judicial and ministerial capacitics, neither easy motion when half filled with water, which is done their honour nor their consciences would allow them to through an aperture near the top-the water being again take the benefit of it. On the 3d December 1736, they drawn off when required by a stop-cock at the lower ex- agreed upon, and shortly afterwards published, their Art, tremity. The trough, instead of being placed upon an or- Declaration, and Testimony, for the Doctrine, Worship, dinary bed, may be, and in fact has hitherto been, made Discipline, and Government of the Church of Scotland. In the bed itself, resting on four supports, one at each cor: 1737 they were joined by other three ministers, viz. the ner, like an ordinary bed ;—and in this state it may be seen Rev. Ralph Erskine, Dunfermline; Thomas Mair, Orwell ; at Mr. Sibbald's, Ironmonger, South Bridge.
and Thomas Nairn, Abbotshall; and in 1738, by another, Singular and unfounded fears have been entertained re viz. the Rev. James Thomson, Burntisland; making in all specting this bed. “Oh! I shudder,” says one, “at the now eight ministers, all of whom had seceded from the Es. very thoughts of it—is there no chance of being drowned ?" tablished Church. In 1739 the whole of these eight breth. -Another again, apparently with more reason, asks, ren, in the capacity of a constituted Presbytery, appeared “ Will the person not catch cold lying on water ?" at the bar of the General Assembly, to which they had been How many have done so, when, through ignorance, or previously summoned, to answer for the line of conduct from dire necessity, they have slept in a damp bed, or which they had adopted, when their moderator, Mr Mair,
a watery spot? Both these ideas are quite er. read and then gave in a paper termed their Declinature; tu
which they declined all authority and jurisdiction of that | vacancies, which were then much more numerous' in procourt over them. Thus was their connexion with the Es- portion than at present, there must have been at this time tablished Church totally and finally broken up.
about 250 congregations under the inspection of both In some subsequent years, they were engaged, in their Synods, including those in Ireland aud America, as forPresbyterial capacity, in passing a number of acts in defence merly adverted to. of several important doctrines closely connected with evange Matters thus went on with little interruption in the case lical truth, in opposition to the errors of the times, as also of both bodies, till about the end of the last and beginning in support of Scotland's Covenanted Work of Reformation, of the present century, when a new controversy arose, first together with a Declaration of their Principles concerning in the Burgher, and then in the Antiburgher Synod, resthe authority of the present Civil Government, in opposi- pecting the power of the civil magistrate in matters of retion to what they conceived the anti-scriptural and anarchi- ligion, the obligation of our National Covenants, and the cal notions on that subject held by the M‘Millanites, to nature of Public Covenanting in general. The result was, whom one of their number, viz. Mr. Nairn, had gone over. that a few ministers and congregations broke off from each In October 1744, finding that the number of their congrega- Synod, claiming to themselves the designations of Original tions had increased to 41, of which 16 were vacant, they came Burghers and Original Antiburghers, but perhaps better to the resolution of disjoining themselves into three Presby- known at the time by the appellation of Old Lights, in teries, afterwards to meet collectively under the designation contradistinction from the two larger bodies which they of the Associate Synod. The first meeting of this new ec- had left, who, on account of the more liberal principles clesiastical body accordingly took place at Stirling on the which they had adopted, were also denominated New first Tuesday, of March 1745, a year which will be long re- Lights. Thus was the Secession now split up into four menbered in the civil history of our country, as having distinct associations, two larger and two smaller ones, in given rise to the last Rebellion. While here, it may not which state it continued till the memorable union which be unnecessary to remark, that their political principles, took place on the 8th of September 1820, in Bristo Street which had been grossly misrepresented by some high-flying Chapel, Edinburgh, the same spot on which they had sepachurchmen, were now fairly put to the test. The result rated 13 years and five months before. The bodies which was, that not a single individual connected with the Seces-composed this union, were the whole of the ministers and, son body was to be found either to favour the cause, or to congregations--in number about 300 of the two larger jain the ranks of the Pretender, while, on the contrary, branches of the Secession above alluded to, with the excepnumbers of them yoluntarily took up arms in defence of tion of a small number of protesters on the Antiburgher, Government, in which several actually lost their lives. side, who baying thus left their present brethren, in a few
But to return. No sooner had the arrangements above years afterwards connected themselves with their ola alluded to been carried into effect, than did the well-known friends, the Original Antíburghers, or Constitutional question regarding the lawfulness of those individuals in Presbytery, as they called themselves. It is rather a curig connexion with the Secession swearing the religious clause ous fact, that the Burghers and Antiburghers in Ireland of some burgess oaths, come under their considerations at and America, who were originally only branches of the the first meeting of the Associate Synod. This question un- Secession churches in Scotland, were the first to set the exfortunately led the members, who were about equally di. ample of union to their respective mother churches, they vided on the subject, into a painful and protracted contro- having united some time previously. Terss, which, on the 9th of April 1747, was followed up The state of the different bodies composing at present the by a complete and final rupture of the parties
, who were Secession in Great Britain and Ireland, at the close of 1831, afterwards known by the designations of Burghers and according to the Edinburgh Almanack for this year, 'is Antiburghers the former being in favour of the religious under, viz. clause of the burgess oaths, and the latter against it. Each
Presbyteries. Ministers, Congregations of these divisions, as might have been expected, claimed to United Associate Synod its own members the powers and authority of the Associate in Scotland, includ.
343 Synod, and benceforth continued to act in their official and ing three Presbytejudicial capacities independently of each other. It is alto ries in England. gether foreign to our present object to enter iuto any dis- Synod of Ireland, con
96 cussion on the merits of this unhappy controversy. Suffice
nected with the above, it to say, that whatever opinions may have been formed of Original Antiburgher the conduct of the parties involved, the whole matter was Synod in Scotland,
30 so far over-ruled by the Great King and Head of his Church, including one who maketh the very wrath of man to praise him," as gregation in Ireland, ultimately not only to conduce to the greater extension of a Original Burgher Synod knowledge of the principles and designs of the Secession by in Scotland, includ.
56 the emulation between the two bodies which it excited, but ing one Presbytery alsor and what is af far more importance it greatly con, in Ireland, tributed to the farther diffusion of evangelical truth, and consequently of true practical piety.
Total connected with Having now erected themselves into separate and rival the Secession in Bri. 41 487 528 associations, both of the parties, in their distinct capacities, tain and Ireland, nevertheless continued to preach the same doctrines, main- To the above a number of new congregations, during the tain the same church polity, and to increase in numbers present year, have been added, not to mention those in much in the same, proportion. Nor were their labours America, of which we have no account, though there is not merely confined to our own land. They were likewise ex. the smallest doubt but that they must also be pretty nume. tendal to Ireland, and even America, where they succeeded rous in that country. We may also state, that besides the to such a degree, that in process of time, in both of these above 343 congregations under the inspection of the United copiatries, the congregations which they had organized be- Associate Synod of Scotland, there are likewise a considercamere ser numerous, as to be erected into independent, able number of missionary stations in the more unenlightthough, sister
. Synods. We are not in possession of suffi- ened parts of both Scotland and England, which are occacient data so as to be able to state when these erections sionally supplied with sermon by its probationers, the ex. took place, but they must have been some time posterior to penses of which are defrayed from the Synod fund, in aid, vided into 11 Presbyteries, viz. 8 in Scotland, 2 in Ireland, ed annually. The Synod has also lately established a sea and 1 in America, comprehending in all about 100 minis- parate fund for the support of foreign missions, under its ters. Assuming the Burgher Synod at that period to con own immediate inspection, to which additional collections List of the same number, and making allowance in both for are also made by its congregations, independently of their
SIR ROBERT PEEL.
occasionally contributing, along with their brethren of the audacity of his tone and presence, not only carried you along other denominations for Missionary and Bible Societies, with him, but humiliated you if you did not agree with him. as well as for other philanthropical and charitable pur- | The readiness of every reply, the abundance of his illustration, j'oses.--Fife Herald.
made hin in power, force, and faucy, by far the most lively
effective speaker I had yet beard. I have not called bim elde PORTRAITS BY A LADY_TAKEN IN THE
quent, because I reserve that word for men like Lord Broughan
and Lord Plunkett, whose sentences ring in my ear like faVENTILATOR OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS.
vourite music. Now, though I listened with breathless attes
tion-indeed his rapid eagerness almost took away my breath There are many attributes of a statesman about Sir R.
to Mr. Stanley ; though he left nothing unanswered, and Peel, and yet some wanting. He has formed his style of speak- would certainly have gained my vote ; though his diamond ege ing entirely in the House of Commons, and has seldom kept dancing before me long after I had left the dark Ventils. aldressed any other assembly of men; and although he began tor, yet I could not, by any effort of memory, repeat a single with what I have just complained of, a set speech, secondo sentence he bad uttered. --Court Magasine for September, ing the address in 1810, afterwards he spoke in debate, and with a determination to become a useful member of Par
The two present leaders of the House of Commons, Sir Roliament. He neither has now, nor, as I have heard from his bert Peel and Lord Althorp, are both men of sense, but the forcontemporaries, ever had, the faculty of attachment.
mer is seldom, and the latter dever, eloquent. And yet of hisa countenance and manner are distant and suspicious. His eve
we may say that he is a more strikiog example of the tone of appears rather to avoid than confront the person with whom he the times than any that could be given. He has foiled enemies cuoverses; but this alters in speaking. His manner is bold, that the wit of Canning could not have lashed into order ; le though not gallant. His spirit is cramped by the stiffness of bas managed a House, whose turbulence Pitt could scarcely his figure, and the vulgarity of his address. I feel that these have controlled—and by what powers of speech ? -None. But criticisms are rather feminine, or will be called so, but they tell by candour, integrity, and simplicity. His manner is comglsangely in a popular assembly, and I must vindicate my sex pletely without ornament, but polished by his own kindset by saying that they often discover with their microscopic ob- of heart; his unirritable temper has deseated the malice of ba servation, the real cause of what every one acknowledges as enemies; and his plain perseverance bas assuaged the irritation an effect. His attention to every thing said in a debate is ex. of his friends. His good humour is so universally acknowtreme and undivided, as well to the worst as the best speakers, ledged, that the singularity of having made an illnatured obeer and this was thought and said by Mr. Fox to be of great use in vation upon him has been reserved exclusively for the tra debate. I watched him particularly the other evening through. O'Connells, father and son, and for them once only when they out a debate, frum the moment he entered the House, walking were put down by acclamation. Lord Althorp seems to want on bis
heels, and throwing his coat aside to his seat, and then all the talents that make great leaders of parties, and yet to pos listening most attentively, and occasionally, as any thing said appeared to excite or embarrass him, passing bis small delicate sess engugh of what they have done of them bad, to make
capital one. He is laughed at by the political dandies, and behand along his nose ; and wben George Dawson, or any one in whom he took interest, said what he disliked, or ventured upon
come a jest among Parliamentary coxcombs. There is not a
more offensive coxcomb than the Parliamentary one. I deres dangerous ground, pulling down his neckcloth, and fidgetting
a young man who talks of " our House," and lards tis lean coshis fingers about his face, which is itself singularly inexpres- versation with second readings and committees, and seads hin sive. At length be rose to speak bimself, and very soon ani- neglected speeches to the Mirror of Parliament.
These are mated the House by the warmth of his manner. His speech the mea the Chancellor of the Exchequer hopes to be rid of was impressive, full of sense, and well worded, with much ap- in a Reformed Parliament. I was rather led into this strain, pearance of literature and bistorical reading. There was great by hearing a young fop, who introduced a lady to the Ventivariety in his tone and manner, sometimes familiar and ex. lator, say, I am afraid you ladies will hear little to captivate you postulatory, at others important and impressive; but the im- in Lord Althorp. He was mistaken, however, and avowed pression remained rather than the language of it. There was himself so at last. At that monent 8 rapturous cheer W* no very eloquent expression which captivated your taste, as heard through the whole Ministerial side of the house, such well as convinced your judgment; none of those splendid
sen- had never perhaps greeted a resigning minister, for it seemed tences that carry your reason off by storm, like the energetic wrung from their hearts. The girl who had just seated herself periods of Brougham, or the vigorous condensation of argument put her bead forward,
and exclaimed, oh, it is Lord Aland knowledge in Plunkett; but he seemed to command the thorp coming in ; but why is be always in black ?" "He has House, to understand its ten.per, and to be fearless of who was to come after him. He was evidently " cunning of fence," but fond of ber, and is now as kind to her mother."
never been out of it since his wife died ; he was passionately
* Indeed!" more from experience than ability, and more from conviction said the young
lady, looking down at him again. “Oh, one must of the weakness of his adversaries tbao confidence in his allies. say that for him; a truer hearted man does not exist; be may -Court Magasine.
speak bluntly, and look gruffly; but I doubt if Althorp. ever
offended the most fastidious man alive." “ Nor dog either," said I observed opposite to bim, while speaking, a younger another in a half-laughing whisper. "Don'o you remember man who seemed restlessly attentive to what he said ; now Pytchley ?” I was rather interested, and asked the second gen body down quite between his legs, and twisting the same that he and I were out at the early forest hunting, and I reglass round and round with an impatient gesture. He took member in one of the most beautiful mornings in August, when no notes
, as some of the members did, and his whole atti- the early sun was breaking upon the foliage, which was waving tule was unquiet; that I should have said he rather wanted over the green glades of the forest, one of the red-jackets gal to get away than to speak, bet for the frequent observations he loping down the riding, seized up a young hound, tied it to s ward, sometimes angrily, sometimes peevishly, but always im- keeper, looking askance at him, said, " Aly lorid would never petuously, as I could see by his very brilliant eye, set in other have allowed that." " What lord ?” “Why, Lord Althorp, the wise ordinary features. At last Peel sat down amidst thunders kindest and best master that ever kept hounds and the worst of applause from his party, showered on a very fine peroration rider
to them, said my companion :--but I could not help secolon the present state and future prospects of this country. There lecting that I had just left his pack in the House of Commons, sultations on the ministerial bench, as to who should answer bin at his election. There his voice is strong and loud, and him, which my young friend perceiving, gave a sort of hurried his whole manner eager und unbesitating. Accustomed to exwave with bis band, and dashing of his bat, presented himself press their sentiments more openly
and more sin:ply than i to the House. A gener al cry from his party, of “ Stanley ! – usual in the upper classes-unused to the ". eloquence of lies," Stanley !" informed me who he was. Mr. Stanley began by because less called upon to conceal their feelings on some oerscomplaining of the unfair introduction of so many topics by Sir sions, and affect what they do not feel on others that class Rubert; be then took advantage of that unfairness to reply to commonly called the people," distinguish instantly, and, as it every one of them. The excessive animation of his manner; the pitch of his voice, not strong but stirring ; the action, so heart, and invariably give the preference to the latter ; borde
were, intuitively, the laliguage of the bead from that of the agreeable for its perfect nature and utter inattention to grace down by a torrent
of words, they still remain uuconvinced, and ful forms, which made it so easy, that you forgot, or rather had grumble even while they yield ; but appealed to, us Lord Alnot time to think, whether it was graceful. His uninter rupted iborp appeals to them, language, as if he was "wo warm on picking work to dwell,”
“ And lo! their eager hearts outrun his own."
prcle any harga yooTHE COMET.
panies, going all through other, and then all falling to the TECTIOUS COHARACTER OF SUPERSTITION,
; A great many persons have, it seems, been in alarm at peared, marching the same way. I went there three atter. neius of the Comel, though the present Comet has been al- the people that were together saw, and a third that saw
noons together, and as I observed there were two-thirds of ready proved among the most innocent and harmless of all not, and though I could see nothing, there was such a fright celestial stranger, and is in truth, aú old familiar friend and trembling on those that did see, that was discernible ip oferir Barth, and pgt a rare visitant either. The vague feel all from those that saw not. There was a gentleman standing of afarm entertained only by those totally unacquainted ing next to me, who spoke as too many gentlemen and
others speak, who said, "A pack of damned witches and with the laws of nature which regulate the return of Co- warlocks that have the second sight! the devil ha't do 1. mets, invas considerably increased, when on the night of see ;' and immediately there was a discernible change in his Sunday, the 7th, the following phenomena were visible in countenance. With as much fear and trembling as any this.quarter: “ About hide the moon was surrounded by woman I saw there, he called out, All you that do not a broad halo, and threw a strange brassy hue over a third see, say nothing; for I persuade you it is matter of fact, and
discernible to all that is not stone-blind.' And those who part of the fonamentu p-Ow getting behind a dense black did not see told what works (i. e. locks) the guns had, and cloud, her disc was'stin visible through the gloom, but tinged their length and wideness, and what handles the swords with elastic yaponis, presenting something like the ap- had, whether small or three-barr'd, or Highland guards, pelrande created by cool sin moving upon a surface of mol- and the closing knots of the bonnets, black or blue; and, tén brašs. The northem ky was at this time clothed with those who did see them there, whenever they went abroad,
saw a bonnet and a sword drop in the way.' dark massive clouds, through the interstices of which lumi.
« This singular phenomenon, in which a multitude bem sous matter was tseen playfully disporting, and enacting the lieved, although only two-thirds of them saw what imust, most fantastic metamorphoses. At times the streamers if real, have been equally obvious to all, may be compared sbok up to the zenith with great velocity, forming large with the exploit of a humorist, who planted himself in an Autol pillans against the sky, and outshining the light of anitude of astonishment, with his eyes riveted on the wollther moon v'At other times they formed something like land-house in the Strand ; and having attracted the attention banks of Willows hanging over a lake, then castellated of those who looked at him by muttering, " By Heaven, it towers, then ranges of mountains, and innuinerable other fi- wags !—it wags again!' contrived in a few minutes to. gures which at once suggested themselves to the imagination, blockade the whole street with an immense crowd, some without taxing the powers of fancy. These sublime and in-conceiving that they had absolutely seen the lion of Percy teproting appearances continued for some hours, and arrested wag his tail, others expecting to witness the same pheno: thelaftention of thousands of spectators. To similar pheno
VERSES FOR THE YOUNG. Å mena, we are indebted for all the marvellous traditionary stories of farmies fighting in the heavens, bloody swords, The following verses, the composition of an American gentle&e. In these legends in the lowcountry of Scotland, the war
man, Mr. Washington Allston, well deserve a place in the
memory of the young. riors, latterly have been all Highlanders ; though in those
AMERICA AND ENGLAND. of older date, and in the North of England, the celestial
Though ages long have past, combatants wore the military garb of Germany, or of the
Since our fathers left their home, Mounseys, fit e. Monsieurs.) Sir Walter Scott relates one Their pilot in the blast, of those marvels, which is as well authenticated, and
O'er untravelled seas to roam, minutely remembered as any of them. He gives it as an Yet lives the blood of England in our veins ; instance of the" ' Infectious nature of superstition.”
And shall we not proclaim .* There can be little doubt," he says, " that it refers, in
That blood of honest fame its first origin, to some uncommon appearance of the aurora
Which no tyranny can tame borealis, the northern lights, which do not appear to
By its chains ? have been seen in Scotland so frequently as to be accounted
While the language free and bold animon and familiar atmospherical phenomenon until
Which the bard of Avon sung, the beginning of the eighteenth century... The passage is
To which our Milton told friking and curiouss for the narrator, Peter Walker,
How the vault of Heaven rung, though ati "entliusiast, was a man of credit, and does not
When Satan, blasted, fell with all his host; even affect to have seen the wonders, the reality of which
While these with reverence meet,
Ten thousand e hoes greet, ke whecrupulously adopts 'on' the testimony of others, to
And from rock to rock repeat; whose eyes he trusted rather than to his own. The con
Round our coast. Serxon of the gentleman of whom he speaks, is highly illustrative, of popular credulity, carried away into
While the manners, while the arts,
That mould a nation's soul enthusiasm, or into imposture, by the evidence of those
Still cling around our hearts, mond, dand lat pace shows the imperfection of such a ge
Between, let ocean roll, nerat testimony and the lease with which it is procured,
Our joint communion breaking with the sun ; since the general excitement of the moment impels even the
Yet still from either beach möre wid-blooded and judicious persons present to catch
The voice of blood shall reach, up the ideas, and echo the exclamations of the majority,
More audible than speech, * ho, from the first, had considered the heavenly phenome
We are One! pon as a supernatural weapon-schaw, held for the purpose of A sign and warning of civil wars to come.
COMET.-In this month a comet of six and a half years In the fear 1936, in the months of June and July,' duration will make its re-appearance. It has been ascerun the honest chronicler, many yet alive can witness, tained, by the most distinguished astronomers in France, that abont the Crossford Boat, two miles beneath Lanark, that it will, when nearest the earth, be at the distance of specially at the Mains on the water of Clyde, many people sixteen millions of leagues. The comet of 1811, when
nered together for several afternoons, where there were nearest the earth, was one hundred and forty-four millions dhunvers op bonnets, hats, guns and swords, which covered of miles distant ; it will therefore be sixty-six millions of the trees and the ground companies of inen in arms march- miles nearer the earth than the one which appearad in ing in order upon the water side; companies meeting com- | 1811.
ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT.
COLUMN FOR THE LADIES.
GOVERNESSES..There is a lady in Paris whose only
employment consists in examining the registers of young THEY who con eive that our newspapers are no restraint women desirous of being admitted into the faculty of teach. upon bad men, or impediment to the execution of bad mea- ers, and in afterwards questioning them as to the extent of sures, know nothing of this country. In that state of aban- their attainments ; she is thence enabled to certify to the doned servility, to which the undue influence of the Crown Miss A or Miss 2 is qualified to pass her examination; and
individuals composing the jury of public instruction, that has reduced the other branches of the Legislature, our mi- in this event the latter makes her appearance before one or nisters and magistrates have in reality little punishment to two of this jury, notes the questions put to her, and replies fear, and few difficulties to contend with, beyond the cen- to them to the best of her ability. Three species of diplosure of the press, and the spirit of resistance which it excites mas are granted; the first is that of mistresses of studies
and mistresses of schools ; the qualification required, is, the among the people.-_Junius.
having made extracts from the Scriptures, grammar, and arithmetic, and given pertinent answers on these three subjects. Armed with this diploma, a female may renture
upon opening a class for children or au elementary school. Who can tell what is a judgment of God? It is pre- The second degree is somewhat more respectable; the ad. sumption to take upon us to know. In time of plague we ditional qualification required is, the History of France know we want health ; and therefore we pray to God to and Geography; and the female possessed of a correspondgive us health. In time of war we know we want peace ; pension ) on the door of her establishment, and undera
ing diploma may inscribe the words “ Boarding Schools and therefore we pray to God to give us peace. Commonly take to board and instruct young persons : but the ne jaus we say a judgment falls upon a man for something in him ultra of diplomas is that of governesses (instructrices., 1 we cannot abide. An example of this we have in King does not fall to the lot of all who seek the distinction; for James, concerning the murder of Henry IV. of France. she who would obtain it must possess sound information, He was killed for keeping so many mistresses, said one. He it is not mere phrases, but real attainments, which she
and have gone through a course of long and extensive study; was killed for changing his religion, said another. “No, he must have at command; and I know. many a young man, was killed," said King James, a constitutional coward, who has turned the corner of his rhetorie and pored over who turned pale at the sight of a drawn sword, “ for per- philosophy, that would find no little difficulty in answering
the questions which the aspirant after a governess's die mitting duels in his kingdom."
ploma is expected to solve. She must be familiar with the Let not this weak unknowing hand
history of ancient times and the middle ages, as well as every Presume THY bolts to throw, Nor deal damnation round the land,
modern annal ; is expected to be versed in French and foreign On each I deem TRY foe.
literature; to be as conversant with cosmography as N,
Azais and to dispute with Condillac, were he still in the larial We single out particulars, and apply God's Providence to vided with this rank of diploma offers to teach your daugha
of the living, on logic and rhetoric. Whenever a lady prothem. Thus, when two persons are married, and have un ters, you need not fear entrusting them to her care ; she will done one another, they cry “ It was God's Frovidence we inevitably be found well informed. Mademoiselle A. R.,one should come together."-Selden.
of my pupils, obtained a governess's degree at the early age of sixteen : she is the youngest hitherto entered on the register nor do I mention the circumstance with a view of gratify
ing any personal vanity. The lady in possession of such a It always gives us pleasure to quote Edmund Burke, passport as this has nothing to do but to turn it to accouul.
THE BRIDE. With all the inconsistencies and backslidings which attended his latter life, he was in mind the first man of his party.
Then she is blest indeed ; and swift the hours Probably he did not admire triennial Parliaments himself,
Till her young sisters wreathe her hair in flowers,
Kindling her beauty-while, unseen, the least though triennial Parliaments was a fundamental prin Twitches her robe, then runs behind the rest, ciple of the English constitution; but looking deeper
Known by lier laugh that will not be suppressed.
Then belore all they stand--the holy vow into the very first principles of all society, he distinctly
And ring of gold, no fond illusions now, recognises the power of the people, on this as on every Bind her as his. Across the threshold led, public question. “I most heartily wish,” he says,
And every tear kissed off as soon as shed, the deliberate sense of the kingdom on this great subject
His house she enters, there to be a light
Shining within, when all without is night; should be known. When it is known it must be preva. A guardian-angel o'er his life presiding, lent. It would be dreadful, indeed, if there were any power Doubling his pleasures, and his cares dividing! in the nation capable of resisting its unanimous desire, or
How oft her eyes read his; ber gentle wind
To all his wishes, all his thougbis inclined; even the desire of any great and decided majority of the Still subject ever on the watch to borrow people. The people may be deceived in their choice of an Mirth of his mirth, and sorrow of his sorrow.
The soul of music slumbers in the shell, object ; but I can scarcely conceive any choice they can make
Till waked to rapture by the master's spell ; to be so very mischievous as the existence of any force ca And feeling hearts--touch them but rightly-pour pable of resisting it. It will certainly be the duty of every
A thousand melodies unheard before ! man, in the situation to which God has called him, to give
And laughing eyes and laughing voices fill
Their hålls with gladness. Sle, when all are still, his best opinion and adyice upon the matter: it will Comes and undraws the curtain as they lie, not be his duty, let him think what he will, to use any
In sleep how beautiful! violent or 'fraudulent means of counteracting the general
Nor many moons v'er bill and valley rise, wish, or even of employing the legal and conclusive organ
Ere to the gate with nymph like step she flies,
And their first-born holds forth, their darling boy of expressing the people's sense against the sense they ac With smiles how sweet, how full of love and joy, tually do entertain,"
To meet him coming; theirs through every year
THE PEOPLE.TRIENNIAL PARLIAMENTS.
BY SAMUEL ROGERS.