图书图片
PDF
ePub

IRISH HUMOUR-POWER OF THE PRIESTS. my parish-easy knowing I was sleeping at the same time.

There's fresh holy water at the door-take plenty of it This, besides being a true story, is one of the most

sure I never begrudged ye; for, God save us! poor ignorant genuinely Irish we ever met with ; and we pretend to some craythurs like you can't see how the very air is full of evil koowledge of Ireland, to which we hope the SCHOOLMAS-spirits--things that go buzzing abont like blue-bottles, and TER will get bear testimony. Mr. O'Dwyer of Water-whisper ye to forget yer God, and yer duty, and yer priest. ford, being sadly annoyed by his nephew. wedding a low (Martin Doyle 1 is the horse gone lame, that ye never sent and inferior person, resolved to punish his heir-presump- 'à sod o' turf to my poor place, and yer own rick built up tive by taking a wife to himself. He judicionsly fixed up as high as the hill o' Howth! Oh! Martin, Martin, yer of a young lady whose father had much influence in the a bitter sinner, and so was yer father before ye.) And in county, and was, moreover, to receive a real fortune of a regard, as I said, of Mr. O'Dwyer's money : look to it, I thousand guineas on her wedding-day. The ceremony say, directly; or else (and ye'll have reason to think o' over, bride and bridegroom prepared to depart for their my words) —every guinea will be changed into a torch o' atole, which had been “illigantly fitted up." The thou- fire and brimstone to scorch the flesh of yer bones l_look sanit guíneas, which were literally told down, were thrown, to it, I say, once more_FOR IF YOU DON'T — there, be à l'Irlandaise, into an ancient trunk, amongst other sun- off with yerself, every mother's son of ye; and no blessing dries appertaining to Mr. and Mrs Dermot O'Dwyer. from me 'n any of ye have this day :-take care, you with This trunk was strapped at the back of a nondescript gig, the white stockings and bran new beaver, how you got (rather an uncomfortable machine of the “ make-shift” them ! Pack, I say.” It is no less true than extraordinary, species) two fine spirited horses were harnessed to it, and as showing the power possessed by an illiterate but truly so the fair bride was conveyed to her future dwelling. honest priest, that before the next morning dawned the The nest morning the bridegroom, wanting some money, money was returned, with the exception of ten or twelve thought he would go to his black trunk for it; but, on guineas, which were doubtless lost, as some heavy rain had counting the sum over—not of his own free will, but by fallen during the night." the advice of his servant Dennis O'Hay-into what he call. ed his cash-box, he was dismayed at the discovery that the

TEMPORARY BAD EFFECTS OF MACHINERY. Fit was minus three hundred and sixty guineas! “ Plaze Fe'r honour," says Dennis, “ that's no way strange, seeing MANUFACTURING machines may assuredly be detrimenthat the mice, or may be the rats, the beasts ! have, by way tal to the labourers whom they throw out of employ. But as ef employment, eat as good as seven or eight holes in the they produce a greater profit and a greater demand for the heart's blood of the thrunk, bad cess to 'em for a pack o' article, they add to the mass of wealth and of capital, the Teries. It was quite true- plenty of holes there certainly only source whence employment, wages, food, population, pere; and now nothing could be done, except trying to are derived. They are, therefore, beneficial to the nation, get the money back again. In those days there was but because the ultimate effect is a balance of good. To the one way of effecting this sending for Father Dillon, the work-people thus thrown out of employment they are nnkind but illiterate parish priest, and inducing him to doubted evils. It is easy for a speculating political ecotí speak of it from the altar.”—“And sure I'll do that same, nomist to say, these discharged work-people will turn their honey, with all the veins of my heart," he said, “there's not attention to some other means of employment. How are one of them shall dare even to drink a drop of it this warm they to live in the mean time, if they have neglected to weather. I'm glad I heard it before the confessions ; for save when full employment enabled them? Their wages in then we're bound, ye understand." Next Sunday Fa- do little more than furnish them and their families with ther Dillon from the altar made the following proclama- food from day to day in such a country as Britain. A tien!_“Good people-(though upon my conscience, that's week's want will bring them on the parish. Moreover, the more per I can say to ye all)—but good, bad and indiffer- books of political economy do not sufficiently consider tha ent, then just as you stand before me-(Mrs. Dacy, ma’am,« time” is one of the elements that should always be taken stuff something in that child's mouth, to hinder him from into consideration. It is not easy to move twenty-thou. kicking up such a bobbery)—as I was saying, just as ye sands pounds from one branch of manufacture to another, ars, I want to discourse ye. My good friend and pa. or to convert a man, whose life has been employed in spinrishioner, Dermot O'Dwyer, Esq., who has lived man ning cotton or making pins, into a seaman or a farmer. and boy in the one place for more than three hundred The introduction and improvement of machinery, then, rears, without ever spending cross or coin-(Jerry, Jerry appears to be always productive of more or less misery ringan, agra! just clap ye'r wig into the broken pane among the poor for a time. But we are not to legislate that's at the back of my head; Tim Dooly, you that call upon every case where the imperfection of human arrangeJerself glazier, it's astonishing to me, coming to this holy ments is productive of some portion of unavoidable evil

. home as ye do every Sunday, that ye havn't hai the grace If the clear result of the improvement be a balance of good,

stick a bit of glass in the window for the love of God we ought to be content. Good, pure and unmixed, is not and yer priest)-cross or coin, as I said, in foreign parts, to be expected in the course of human affairs. Moreover! Imut spends every farthing he has, and ten to the back of why is an ingenious and industrious man to be prohibited then, amongst you-(ye

unruly pack of devil-serving crea- from exercising his ingenuity and industry, when they give tara)-like a gentleman as he seeing he could not be him an advantage over his less capable, less skilful, or less otherwise. Well, Mr. O'Dwyer has had the misfortune energetic neighbour ? Are we to make laws for the pro. to drop out of a blackguard hole in his thrunk a matter of tection of imbecility ? or to put a weight on the shoulders about but the sum's no consarn of yours I know what of a strong man, that he may be brought down to the level it w; and what's more, I know who's got it ; and if every of performance of his weaker competitor ? If the introSanking of the money isn't returned by to-morrow morn- duction of machinery adds to profit, adds to the demand ing, either to me or to his honour, I'll publish ye; and pe. for the article, adds to the perfection of the article, adds to mana ye, and excommunicate ye;-and it's the devil 'ul the wealth of the manufacturer, and thereby to the wealth kave nice pickings then, when none dare say, God save, or of the nation, and thereby to capital, and by capital to God speed ye! And sure it's the black shame has come employment, by employment to wages and food, and by

rer me, to think that the minute ye see the temptation the them to the mass of healthy population_if articles before Dalå Boy Shrew in fer way, ye didn't come straight to scarce and dear, and confined to the few, are brought within

and let me know the rights of it Oh, you in the blue | the purchase of the many, and the comforts, conveniences del fabout sixty women wore no other garb) 'twas ill and pleasures of life made procurable at a cheaper rate, it kad tok ye so soon from yer own hearth stone last Tues- is enough. We ought to be contented with such a result, day but if ye repent and return the money, I'll contrive although it be attended for a short time with a large

ance that will clear ye once more, for yer poor souls' amount of evil. The permanent advantages of machinery . wake. 0:0!0! to think how busy the Ould One was in will form another article, next week.

ORIGIN OF TWO GREAT ENGLISH FAMILIES, thing for poor mother ; and when our evidence upset his THE PEELS AND THE JENNIES.

patent, he never forgave the family. Mother once applied

to Bobby Peel, as we used to call him when I was a girl ; In a tour through England, Sir Richard Phillips at

but like his father, the Secretary did nothing for us. 1 Manchester was introduced to the indigent daughters of

am therefore content with the 3s. 60. per week, which the Hargreave, the inventor of the spinning-jenny, the moving crank, &c. &c. They were poor aged women, living on good man Mr. Brotherton gets for me from a charity.”—This parochial charity in Salford. “My father and mother," said poor old woman died in 1829, but two of her sisters were the eldest of them, “ were spinners by hand like all the vil then, and may still be alive, unpensioned even with 38. 6d. lagers at that time in Lancashire, of whom thousands the legitimate daughters of a most ingenious and meritori

a-week, to prove the immense ditference there is between abounded through the country. They had many children, ous man, and undoubted benefactor of his species, and but they sent each, as soon as it had the use of fingers, to the reader may fill up the blank.

D. D. assist in spinning ; but our joint earnings were so scanty, that my father, who was very studious and ingenious, began

COLUMN FOR YOUTH. to consider how he could multiply our earnings. Early and late he used to be making trials, and often was reproved by DUTIES OF CHILDREN TO THEIR PARENTS. my mother as a foolish schemer; but at length he produced CHANNING, an Eminent American Preacher. a machine, which he called by her name, Jenny, and set it

You are required to view and treat your parents with to work in her bed-room, where I and my sister, by its

respect. Your tender inexperienced age requires that you means, spun as much as five or six could do, and finer and think of yourselves with humility, and conduct yourselves more even work.

He worked for a Mr. Peel, then a little with modesty ; that you respect the superior age, and master in Blackburn, and beginning very soon to carry wisdom, and improvements of your parents ; and observe home more work in a week, and more uniform in quality towards them a submissive deportment. Nothing more than others, Mr. P. often marvelled at his industry and unbecoming in you, nothing will render you more unpleacleverness. My father then made another machine, and sant in the eyes of others, than forward or contemptuous keeping it a profound secret, he augmented the surprise of conduct towards your parents. There are children, and I wish Master Peel ; and he so teased my father about it, that at I could say there are only a few, who speak to their parents length he told him he had a bit of a contrivance to mul- with rudeness, grow sullen at their rebukes, behave in tiply the powers of the common wheel. Master Peel then their presence as if they deserved no attention, hear them teased him to let him see it, but my father refused again speak without noticing them, and rather ridicule than hoand again. At length Master Peel so worretted him, that

nour them. he consented to let him see it, provided he told no one, and

Beware, my young friends, lest you grow up with an gave his word of honour not to imitate it. And sure enough,” assuming and selfish spirit. Regard your parents as kindly said the poor woman, “one morning, for I remember it as given you by God, to support, direct, and govern you in though it was but yesterday, my father brought in Master your present state of weakness and inexperience. Express Peel and his partner, Mr. Yates, while I and my sister were your respect for them in your manner and conversation. Do working away at Jenny* in the chamber, I was much fus.

not neglect those outward signs of dependence and inferitered, but after they had seen it work, and asked many ority which suit your age ; you are young, and should questions, Master Peel dropt sixpence on the floor for me, therefore take the lowest place, and rather retire than and went away. The folk now began to talk about father's thrust yourselves forward into notice. You have much to machine ; and as he soon began to get money, and was bet. learn, and should therefore hear instead of seeking to be ter off than many, a great uproar was made about his ma- heard. You are dependent, and should therefore ask inchine : and one day when my father was from home, a great stead of demanding what you desire, and you should remob assembled, broke into the house, destroyed the two ceive every thing from your parents as a favour and not as Jennies, all our furniture, windows, and every thing in the a debt. i do not mean to urge on you a slavish fear of house. I shall never forget my poor father's coming home,

your parents. Love them and love them ardently, but and not having a chair to sit upon, nor any room which mingle a sense of their superiority with your love. Feel had windows left. He was almost ruined ; and being a confidence in their kindness, but let not this confidence pointed at and jeered by every body, he could no longer make you rude and presumptuous, and lead to indecent bear the neighbourhood, so he and all of us set out for Not- familiarity ; talk to them with openness and freedom, but tingham ; and there my father went into partnership with never contradict with violence, never answer with passio Dick Arkwright, who had been used to shave my father at

or contempt. Bolton ; and they went on in the spinning, my father in

VERSES FOR AN ALBUM. venting the moving crank, and making all kinds of im. provements. But the partnership was out before much was BY FRANCIS JEFFREY, LORD ADVOCATE OF SCOTLAND. got, and then my father went on making machines for

Why write my name midst songs and flowers others, till he died in the year 1788, and we buried him,

To meet the eye of lady gay ? poor anxious soul, at Nottingbam..He left my mother and

I have no voice for lady's bowers, seven or eight of us ; and as she could not make machines,

For page like this no fitting lay. others stole my father's inventions ; and my mother fell

Yet though my heart no more must bound into trouble after trouble, and her children into poverty.

At witching call of sprightly joys, My brothers afterwards upset Arkwright and Strutt's patent

Mine is the brow that never frowned to serve others, not themselves ; and we have lived to see

On laughing lips or sparkling eyes. thousands raised to wealth by our poor father's invention ; but they never thought of us. We did hope that Mr. Peel,

No-though behind me now is closed (the father of the Secretary of State), might do something for

The youthful paradise of love, us, and Mr. Brotherton of Salford, kindly wrote to him, but

Yet I can bless with soul composed, he did not even vouchsafe an answer, which I and my sisters

The lingerers in that happy grove. thought hard; because, when my father left Blackburn and

Take then, fair girls, my blessing take, went to Nottingham, he was the first to imitate what my fa.

Where'er amid its charms you roam, ther had shewn him, and made his fortune by our jennies

Or where by western hill or lake, and their improvement. Dick Arkwright used to claim my

You brighten a serener home. father's invention as his own, and therefore would do no

EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JOHN JOHNSTONE, 19, St. James • A bon mot, which it was said the Peels never forgave, is attributed

Square. -Published by JOHN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, Nor to George IV. On hearing of the marriage of one of the Peels, to a Lady

Bridge Street, Edinburgh ; by John MacLeod, and ATKINSON & C Jane Something, he laughed, and said, “ Ah, these Peels –They'll booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Venders ever be after the Jennies."

Cheap Periodicals.

THE

[blocks in formation]

HOLYDAY RAMBLES ROUND EDINBURGH. taught. Its structure and arrangements ought to be BY ZACHARY ZIGZAG, ESQ.

a pattern to Scottish heritors. Let the pedestrian

breathe a blessing on it, there where it stands, a No. II.—THE ROMAN CAMP_BY. THE RAILWAY. star on the hill-side, long to effuse the blessings

of light and intelligence, and pass quietly on to Hill, brook, nor dell, por rock, nor stone,

West-Houses, a small collier hamlet immediately Lie in the path, to me unknown.

under the Roman Camp. It commands a splendid The Roman CAMP was announced last Saturday, view, and is remarkable for a sprinkling of those as the most expansive and commanding point of old ash trees, which our rustic ancestors admired view in the three Lothians. The easiest and best so much, that, save a few alders, and mountain. mode of approach is to go along the viaduct, and ashes, to ward off witch-craft, and make spin.. then keeping to the left, follow the rail-way leading dles, they planted no other timber; so that the to the Marquis of Lothian's coal works on the face ash with its graceful branchery, and deep green of the extensive ridge it crowns. The distance foilage, still forms the principal ornament of from where the waggon stops to the extreme point, our most primeval farm-touns and hill-side tafts. or Roman CAMP, may be about two miles and a Ilere, at the spring, you may lay in water for half, estimated distance on a hot day. The the remainder of your outward voyage, as you country is quite open, and a plantation crowning will find none in higher latitudes. Here also the ridge makes an unerring landmark, though you may Rest and be thankful, under the last there is no danger of straying. The mineralogist tree; and look round you at your ease on the will find objects of his own, with which we, a po- magnificent prospect opening far down the Firth pular guide, have nothing to do. Though this of Forth, and sweeping round through West long ridge is no obstinate hill, every foot is an Lothian, and terminating in the farthest western ascent, more or less gentle, for the full two miles point of the Pentland ridge. which the Camp rises above the level of New As one ascends, the view gradually expands, till battle valley on the side we are ascending; and standing near the summit, the enlarged line of above the valley of the Tyne, or of Crichton prospect sweeps from the Bass-Rock out to sea, Castle, on the other.

along the hills of Fife, the Lomonds, and the At every advancing step, the view, looking Ochils, round to the Pentlands, the Moorfoot, and backward, becomes wider and more varied, though part of the Soutra hills; and towering behind, and we see yet but the half of the grand panorama over the Pentlands far in the South-west, to the of from 40 to 60 miles in diameter, which the shawdowy top of Tintoc, and the other mountains summit gives us entirely. To the SCHOOLMASTER in the Upper Ward of Clydesdale, and about the ABROAD, one of the most interesting objects on bordering sources of the Tweed and the Nith. The the way, is about half way up-a new Parochial fairest portion of Mid-Lothian lies at your feet. School-house, and the handsomest structure of the Along the courses of both the hidden Esks the kind we have seen in any country parish in Scot- eye travels eastward, passing many a lovely nook, land,—where the apparent object of some heritors wooded slope, and ripening corn-field, from is, how they may most dexterously evade the law for Woodhouselee and the Bush lying warmly in building and maintaining school-houses

, which they the lap of the Pentlands, down all the way to seem to consider a flagrant encroachment on their the Bay of Preston. In the prospect Edinburgh purses. This edifice, which may be mistaken for Castle and the picturesque ridge of the old city a farm-house of the better class, or a factor's re- keep their pre-eminence, though taken thus at sidence, is situated at a central point of the parish, Roman 'vantage. So does Arthur's Seat,—which, among the coal mines, though there is no popula- rising isolated in solitary majesty, occupying its tien in the immediate neighbourhood. The new full place in the champaign, unelbowed and unschool is, we understand, well attended, and well shouldered, exhibits from all points more of the

mountain sublime, than heights of far greater anything short of a conscience haunted by the real altitude. The seats of the aristocracy of commission of some horrible crime account to many Mid-Lothian are in general only indicated by the of them for her strange anti-social habits, and wood' which surrounds them ; so domestically are kirk-going antipathy. ller independent, self-retheir sites chosen. That of the Duke of Buc- lying character, was quite overlooked ; and the cleuch, from this point, shews merely a flat ampli- qualities of a mind too strong or too stubborn to tude of well-wooded park. Dalhousie Castle is be bent down to the mean or petty miseries of a however finely conspicuous; and the Drum, the life, which had driven her in preference to take old residence of the noble family of Somerville, refuge in this roofless hut. For aught that is so completely lost to travellers in its vicinity, accurately known of the female hermit, she rebecomes an imposing object viewed four miles off, mains a fresh untouched property for the poets from this sloping ridge. But it is my purpose merely and romance writers, and may fourish in the Anto indicate, not to expatiate, on the objects to be nuals of the year. The probability is, that Meg seen-to open up, not forestall the pleasures of was neither more nor less than a wandering printhis ramble. To those familiar with many of the cess of the gipsies ; who, as youth receded, began spots in view, there is one unfailing effect, aftere to feel that lying “ in kilns and barns” was even long absence. The poet expresses it

more miserable than this solitary abode, in which By thousand petty fancies I was crost,

her condition improved, and to which she natu. To see the trees that I had thought so tall,

rally grew every year more attached. Peace be Mere dwarfs, the brooks so narrow, fields so small :

with her mysterious memory! A juggler's balls old Time about him tossed.

And now we enter the Camp from her house And now we are at the Camp. Its exact site is covered with plantation, and enclosed. The pry- the opposite enclosure, suddenly places before us

end, and a few yards of walking, and crossing ing eye of the antiquary is not required in tracing the other half of the panorama, now become a its lines. They are distinctly visible to the most

cosmorama ; our own legs the pivot on which unpractised spectator. Since the MASTERS OF THE

it turns. Now looking southward, as before, we World abandoned this commanding station, it did northward, the prospect again extends from cannot have had many tenants, though some of the ocean by the Bass Rock and North Berwick them have been rather singular personages. A hut Law, along the. Lammermoor ridge, on to the was erected here for the use of the military attend-Soutra hills, and the heights of Moorfoot. The ant, during the alarm of French invasion, when the Roman Camp was a signal post. Twenty years back valley of the Tyne, which stream here in its inthis habitation was abandoned and dilapidated, fancy, is at this season but a languid rill, lies below and in this condition taken possession of by

us; crowning the opposite banks stand Crichton

Castle and Crichton church ; an expanse of flat CAMP MEG,–

and upland moor swells behind this parish, and a mysterious female, who kept this mountain her that of Borthwick, rising on to Fala parish. Borthmitage till her death, which happened about four wick Castle and church though close at hand, are years ago. We have heard twenty editions of her hidden from us by intervening banks; to the right history, each more romantic or more incredible are uplands, plantations, and high-lying farms than the other. A century earlier Meg might rising to the hill-ridges, and to the left the most have graced a tar-barrel on the Major's Knowe.*

beautiful division ofThere still were doubts about a woman who came

EAST LOTHIAN. from no one knew where, and lived no one knew

The view this way though neither so rich nor how, being altogether cannie; but they never took varied as that to be seen from the southern side a definite or dangerous form. Instead of turning of the ridge is still of great beauty ; and to most her off the estate as an interloper or squatter, the sight-seers from Edinburgh, or the west, it must noble proprietor protected this “ kindly tenant,”

possess more novelty and attraction. The view her solitary habitation was repaired, and, besides of East Lothian from Arthur's Seat is distant, and obtaining occasional awmouses in meal, or other obstructed in the best points by the ridge on which necessaries, she was allowed to raise a few vege- we stand. The spectator will now naturally walk tables, and cut the coarse grass in the Camp, with eastward, skirting the plantation :-we defy him which she reared a colt or two, which she gene- to do otherwise. At

every new step the view rally sold at Gifford Fair. Visiters to the Camp changes and expands, till it takes in a wide sweep were mindful of her wants; and fox-hunters ex- of the sea, the coasts of Fife, bays, and headlands, tended their protection to Meg, as a variety among and islands, which may make the eastern point of the wild animals. This singular female was this ridge the favourite station with many perconjectured by her nearest neighbours, with whom

For a resting-place, one, however, prefers she held as little intercourse as possible, to be a the southern stile of the Camp enclosure, with native of Ireland,—a compliment too readily paid Vogrie and Newland-rigg below us, and Crichton in this country, to every sturdy vagrant; nor could directly opposite, its grey towers rising among pas

A square in the High Street of Dalkeith, so named, toral banks, steep, but not abrupt, broken, and difrom the famous or infamous Major Weir, who either lived versified, and partially clothed with furze and brushor had some possession in this town.

wood. Seen at this distance nothing exteriorly is

sons.

changed, since Lord Marmion might have made it first descending by the route he came, and then his place of sojourn. A herd tending a few sheep through a path, the old road to the South, which and young cattle, must indeed supply the place of may now be called a wooded glade ;-or striking the men-at-arms, and the attendants of the feudal Eastward till he join the Dalkeith road leading lord; an adventurous calf or stirk the warder on South into Lauderdale, he may return by that town. the wall. We cannot find a better guide than Sir | There is yet a third and more romantic route, Walter,

which the pedestrian who starts early may easily To trace against the Tyne,

accomplish.—To this we shall next week be his through the country expanding before us.

guide.
The green-sward way was smooth and good,
Through Humbie's and through Saltoun's wood,

MAID-SERVANTS.
A forest glade, which varying still,
Here gare a view of dale and hill,

The worldly condition of servant lasses has im.
There narrower closed, till overhead

proved more within the last fifty years of change A vaulted screen the branches made.

than that of any other class of useful labourers ; Among the more attractive features of the east- yet it may be questioned if this increased prosward part of the valley of Tyne, one distinguishes perity is not more in show than substance. Certhe tower of Cranston Church, Oxenforde Castle, tain it is, that, with wages doubled, and in many almost buried in stately old woods; and nearer, the cases quadrupled, if not more, they enter the handsome new bridge opened the other day at married state much worse provided than their pre. Ford. But the most beautiful peculiarity of the decessors, at a pound of penny-fee in the year. landscape here is wood, -not the solemn old About a century ago, the money wages of maidforests around the mansions, but that sprinkled servants, in the North of Scotland, were so low as over the whole face of this fertile country; the seven-and-sixpence a-year, with some allowance single trees, and clumps of three or four, and the for shoes. Even now in Shetland, Orkney, and lines in the hedge-rows, now of stately growth, Caithness, the wages of female servants is exceedwith which the prescient taste of the proprietors ingly low, two pounds being about the maximum. has ornamented their farms and home-steads. While domestic manufactures were carried on, They are seen to much advantage at this season, many maid-servants were kept, whose time was contrasting with the fast-ripening grain ; which occupied in spinning, either for home consumption is again finely contrasted with the soft green or for sale ; yarn and cloth sent to market being of the turnip fields, and the yet sweeter green no unimportant part of the household revenue. of the clover. Two months hence, when the wood. With some difference of wages in favour of Lonland has put on the gorgeous apparel of autumn, don, the condition of female servants, in most conwhen the rich brown fallows are lying intersecting siderable towns, is now pretty much the same. the fields of after grass, with a quiet low October Their condition in 1730 and in 1830 affords an sky brooding overall

, the landscape from this chosen amusing and favourable contrast for the lasses of station will be yet more harmonious and enchant- the time being. We take our first picture from ing. But this spot, like every other, has its the North of Scotland, then at a very low ebb in drawbacks, man's not Nature's: she is ever as the encouragement given to female domestics; and faultless as she is fair. On the southern slope conclude with what is a fair representation of of this ridge there are several coal mines, wrought every part of the country now. We quote from on so small a scale, that the few persons seen an ancient but competent authority. about them look more like swart goblins than re

“ They have not a great deal of household work to do ; gular work people. Among them are girls almost but when that little is done, they are kept to spinning, by children. This may be no fault of either proprietor which some of their mistresses are chiefly maintained. or miner, but a cruel necessity of the latter,--and Sometimes there are two or three of them in a house of no we are far from blaming any one.

greater number of rooms, at the wages of three half-crowns There must,

a-year each, a peck of oatmeal for a week's diet; and however, be something wrong, where, in a Christian happy she that can get the skimming of a pot to mix with land, human beings of tender age are condemned her oatmeal for better commons. To this allowance is to such unsuitable employment, with its unfailing added a pair of shoes or two, for Sundays, when they go consequences, a dwarfed mind, if not a stunted to kirk.

“ These are such as are kept at board-wages. In larger and diseased frame a wretched physical exist

families, I suppose, their standing wages is not much more, ence, and a degraded moral one-the certain in- because they make no better appearance than the others. heritance of unremitting toil and its sure at “ All these generally lie in the kitchen, a very improper tendant, ignorance. In the bill for regulating the place, one would think, for a lodging, especially of such work hours of children in factories, those miser- who have not wherewithal to keep themselves clean.

« They do several sorts of work with their feet. I have able female children who bear coals—worse off even already mentioned their washing at the river. When they than the climbing boys_should not be forgotten. wash a room, which the English lodgers require to be This is a painful subject for a Holyday Ramble. sometimes done, they likewise do it with their feet. The rambler having now transferred to his “ First, they spread a wet cloth upon part of the floor ;

then, with their coats tucked up, they stand uron the cloth memory the best county map to be had, and, and "shuffle it backward and forward with their feet ; moreover, feasted his eyes and imagination, has then they go to another part and do the same, till they the choice of either returning through Newbattle, have gone all over the room. After this, they wash the

[ocr errors]
« 上一页继续 »