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RICH AND POOR.

Moun, and the best judges of character that ever lived.
And now my story is over. What need to say, that the

Affairs were in this posture, when I was at once grieved, letter was written with the warmest zeal, and received with
uiul relieved by the unexpected recall of our young visiters. the most cordial graciousnessor that Ellen, though shed-
Their father had complet d his business in Ireland, and ding sweet tears, bore the shock of joy better than the shock
was eager to return to his dear home, and his dear chil- of grief,—or that the twin sisters were married on the same
Imm; Charlotte's lover, too, was ordained, and was im- day, at the same altar, each to the man of her heart, and
Fatient to possess his promised treasure. The intended each with every prospect of more than common felicity.
ridegroom was to arrive the same evening to escort the
air sisters, and the journey was to take place the next

ELEMENTS OF THOUGHT. 25. Imagine the revulsion of feeling produced by a short est a bit of folded paper-the natural and redoubled stasy of Charlotte, the mingled emotions of Ellen. She

Our rich and our very poor are almost equally ignorant, and Fpt bitterly: at first she called it joy-joy that she should main seg her dear father ; then it was grief to lose her Char- equally enslaved by prejudice. The one class have their *te ; grief to part from me ; but, when she threw herself in minds occupied with notions of fashion, ancestry, power, farewell embrace on the neck of Miss Falkner, whose bro. distinction, and separation from the rest of mankind, whom 17 happened to be absent for a few days on business, the they look upon, not as intellectual and moral beings, but uth appeared to burst upon her at once, in a gush of

as a sort of inheritance, to be turned, like their estates, to my that seemed likely to break her heart. Miss Falke E as deeply affected; begged her to write to her often, their own account ; while the other look upon all above F7 otten ; loaded her with the gifts of little price, the them, not as holders of capital, without which there would lurless tokens which affection holds so dear, and stole be no useful employment beyond that of picking up the

of her fair ringlets in return. “ This is the curl which few natural productions of the soil, but as a sort of natuilijam used to admire,” said she; “ have you no message ral enemies, leagued together to enslave and coerce all * poor William ?"- Poor Ellen! her blushes spoke, and

tears which dropped from her downcast eyes; but she below them. Which is most in the right ? The idle d ng utterance. Charlotte, however, came to her relief classes occupy the highest stations of society, and are looked th a profusion of thanks and compliments; and Ellen, up to with respect and reverence. Whatever they do is eping with a violence that would not be controlled, at

necessarily imitated. As all their natural wants are sup: left Holly-grove. The next day we, too, lost our dear young friends. Oh, plied, they have nothing to do but fancy “ low, unreal” bitt a sad day it was! how much we missed Charlotte's wants. Their imaginations are racked to hunt up new geht smile, and Ellen's sweet complacency! We walked gratifications. They indulge in all sorts of expensive vani. at desolate and forlorn, with the painful sense of want ties; and, setting the fashion, what they indulge in out of ( .sufficiency, and of that vacancy in our home, and at idleness and whim, is also sought after by all below them. plant, which the departure of a cherished guest is sure tuation. To lament the absence of Charlotte, the dear

THE INFERIOR GENTRY_EFFECTS OF TAXATION.arlotte, the happiest of the happy, was pure selfishness; | The gentry of small fortune have disappeared. The Ame7 of the aching heart of Ellen, my dearer Ellen, I could rican war bore hard upon them, but the last has crushed i hear to think—and yet I could think of nothing else, them. Inheriting what to their forefathers had been an the call up no other image than her pale and trembling ample subsistence, they have found themselves step by step za, weeping and sobbing as I had seen her at Holly- curtailed of the luxuries

, and at last of the comforts of life, Tre : she haunted even my dreams. karly the ensuing morning I was called down to the without a possibility of helping themselves. For those who feruel, and found him in the garden. He apologized for were arrived at manhood, it was too late to enter into any i testaonable intrusion; talked of the weather, then of lass which our society had sustained; blushed and profession, and to embark what they possessed in trade was stated; had again recourse to the weather; and at last

, hazarding all, and putting themselves at the mercy of a 3 nighty effort, after two or three sentences begun and partner. Meantime, year after year, the price of every Labuhed, contrived, with an embarrassment more graceful article of necessary consumption has increased with acceleit becoming than all his polished readiness, to ask me to rating rapidity; education has become more costly, and, at mah him with a letter to Mr. Page. “ You must have the same time, more indispensable ; and taxation, year after " aid he, colouring and smiling, “ that I was captiied by your beautiful friend : and I hope I could year, falls heavier, while the means of payment becomes less. to pished to have spoken first to herself, to have made in vain does he whose father has lived in opulence, and ftaret—but still if her affections are disengaged—tell me, whom the villagers, with hereditary respect, still address ka vrha most know, you who are always my friend, have hat in hand-in vain does he put down the carriage, dislalui chance? Is she disengaged ?” “ Alas! I have some*** Fared this ; but I thought you had heard—your sis

miss the footman, and block up windows even in the house Of what? It was but this front. There is no escape. Wine disappears from his Terning-aware of what?"_“ Of Charlotte's engage-side-board, there is no longer a table ready for his friend,

Charlotte ! it is of Ellen, not her sister, that I The priest is no longer invited after service—all will not do. Tazis and think! Of Ellen, the pure, the delicate, the dihe! That whitest and sweetest of flowers, the jasmine,

Southey. taymle

, the tuberose among women,” continued he, elu If you do not like Dr. Southey's picture, take a sketch the "ng his similes by gathering a sprig of each plant, as by a different hand, more brief

, but equally conclusive,

and pond quickly up and down the garden walk_“ Ellen, written after several years had added their melancholy sirest and the best ; your

darling and mine! Will you sum of experience to the original statement. “This island 3 a letter to her father? And will you wish me suc- exhibits the melancholy spectacle of millions of men toiled

* Will I! O how sincerely! My dear Colonel, I to the extremity of human endurance for a pittance scarcely sa l'oesand pardons for undervaluing your taste—for sufficient to sustain life; weavers labouring for fourteen or dari tang you of preferring a damask rose to a blossomed sixteen hours a-day for eightpence, frequently unable to

I should have known you better.” And then we procure work even on these terms; other artisans exhaustetak of Ellen, dear Ellen, talked and praised till even the ed almost to death by laborious

drudgery, who, if better reto'y heart was satisfied. I am convinced that he went compensed, seek compensation and enjoyment in the gross** that morning, persuaded that I was one of the clever- est sensual debauchery, drunkenness, and gluttony; master

traders and manufacturers anxiously labouring for wealth, now gay in the fond hope that all their expectations will be

7 3: least was aware."

numerous.

whose

realized, then sunk in deep despair by the breath of ruin and Solomon Islands, the fishing at the former commencing is having passed over them ; landlords and tenants now reap- April and ending in September, and at the latter commercing in ing unmeasured returns from their properties, then pining September and ending April, so that, when the ships 69. in penury amidst an overflow of every species of produce; mence at Japan, they conclude the voyage at the Solomis, a:

vice versa. the Government cramped by an overwhelming debt, and the

The whales are all large on the Japan ground, Sex prevalence of ignorance and selfishness on every side, so

being under thirty bar rels, whereas, at the solenons, xilo

dom more than two large whales are seeu ia a shval, homeier that it is impossible for it to follow with a bold step the most obvious dictates of reason and justice, owing to the

The black whales are taken in the bays of Ne:v Zealand and countless prejudices and imaginary interests which every- Van Diemen's Land, and also of New South Wales, to the where obstruct the path of improvement.” —Combe's Consti- southward of Sydney, the vessels lying at anchor during l'e tution of Man.

time, and boiling the oil like the sperm whalers. The work Al the ideas that man can form of the ways of Provi- whale season commences in April and ends in September, they dence, and of the employment of angels and of spirits, whales entering the bays at that period for the purpose of calr. must ever fall short of the reality; but still it is right to ing. Black oil sells only at about half the price of the spera think of them. What can have a inore exalting intiuence oil; but the fishery being so nigh, and consequently atteaded on the earthly life, than in those first days of our existence with so much less expense, is found to be a very profitable corto make ourselves conversant with the lives of the blessed ; at New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land, towing their

cern. Many boats, indeed, are employed in this fishery tada with the happy spirits whose society we shall hereafter en

fish on shore, flinching them, and boiling the blubbser t ere. joy? We should accustom ourselves to consider the spirits The twelve sperm vessels now from Sydney, at 180 tuus of of heaven always around us ; observing and witnessing our oil and spermaceti per vessel, thus realise in the gross 2 cm most secret actions. Whoever is become familiar with tuns, which at L.70 per tun, amonnts to L.151,200 for each these ideas will find the most solitary spot peopled with voyage; and when the nine others now arranged for are added, the best society.-Klopstock.

the proceedls of the whole (including the black whalers) will He who, by an intellectual and moral energy, awakens reach to about L.250,000 per annum,- tolerable sum added kindred energy in others, touches springs of infinite might, population, according to the last census, does not at presca

to the exports of a colony in the course of a few years, gives impulse to faculties to which no bound can be pre- much exceed 40,000 souls. scribed_begins an action which will never end. One great

EUROPEAN POPULATION.-A German periodical (Hesy and kindling thought from a retired and obscure man may perus) contains some very fanciful speculations on the cause live when thrones are fallen, and the memory of those who which affert population, froin which we have selected the file filled them obliterated ; and, like an undying fire, may il- lowing particulars :-The increase and decrease of marriages i luminate and quicken all future generations.

a country are naturally iufluenced by great events, such WHALE FISHERY OF NEW SOUTH WALES.

peace and war, public prosperity and public calamities

, la nie

and disease; but here we are told that political feelings An extraordinary impulse has been given of late to the exercise an influence. Thus, in Prussia, the number of mire sperm and black whale fisheries, from the port of Sydney. Two riages was greatly increased atter the expulsion of the French years ago tive sperm vessels constituted the whole of the ship During the years 1817, 1818, and 1819, when the political ping employment in that trade. Of these one has been lost, prospects of that coun«ry were in their zenith; 1 person was cozy and another despatched to England ; while nine new sperm ried in 98 ; in the subsequent years the numbers again fe'l to and four black whalers have been added to the list, making in in 108, 1 in 111, and 1 in 118. lo France, from the year all sixteen sail, measuring 3304 tons, and navigated by 464 men, to 1822, the number of marriages was much less than terone while arrangements are in progress forthwith to increase the the revolution, although the population was greater by several sperm list by nine new vessels. Each vessel (both sperm and millions. After 1817 The number of annual marriages increased black whale,) is provided with four boats, and manned with by about 8000, and continued stationary at that rate till 1824 twenty-nine men. Six men, five harpoons, three lances, and but in 1622, after the evacuation of the country by foreige two whale lines of one hundred and twenty fathoms each, are troops, the number quickly rose by 20,000, and, in the ensun furnished to every boat ; also three drogues, to one of which a year, even by 40,000. But it again declined during the obox Alay is attached from a pole through its centre. The drogues ous ailministration of Villele, and again increased after the are simply square floats of timber, serving as buoys to three of overthrow of his Ministry. Even in Russia froin 70 to 80.00

% the boat harpoons, and are only used after the two line harpoons couples less than usual were married in 1812. The proper 198 have been struck into whales, a line of eight fathoms securing of deaths among children under five years is also remarkabler the harpoon to the drogue, which though pulled under water it seems to keep pace with the degree of education and comfort by the whale on diving, quickly bobs up again on the latter ap- of the inhabitants. It is smallest in the large towns, and would proaching the surface to blow, and thus points out the whale's be smaller still if it were not for those who die in workhoase position. Each whaler has iwo iron boilers on deck of 220 . and hospitals, deserted by their parents. The degree of ferulit gallons, and two copper coolers of 378 gallons, the oil being of marriages seems to vary between 3500 and 5500 children Boiled in the iron boilers

, and then drawn”off into the coolers, 1000 couples. The author, from an average of inore than 7 to allow the sediment to settle previous to being put into the millions of births, and 17 millions of marriages, all extending barrels. The fuel consists of the refuse of the blubber from over a period of several years, comes to some results, from the boiler, 90 gallons per hour being the average quantity of oil which

we shall extract two or three of the most iuteresting.. boiled, which is barrelled up hot, and rolled to the after part of To a thousand marriages there were born in the the ship to cool. Every sperm vessel is victualled for 15 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies months, about 30 months being the average of two voyages

In France

4148 (including stoppages in harbour to discharge or refresh), when In Eogland no material repairs are required, and 180 tons of oil, the aver In Zealand

3439 age fishing of each vessel for a single voyage. The following the Two Sicilies and Zealand being the extremes. Marriage provisions constitute the 15 months' supply for one vessel :9000lbs. of beef, 9000lbs. of pork, 6 tons of four, 6 tons of fourth point of importance in these investigations is the

appear to be less prolific as the countries lie nearer to the north biscuit, 200 bushels of pease, 259 gallons of rum, 300 gallons growing excess of males over females since the general peace of molasses, and twelve cwt. of sugar. wages, being paid by shares of the proceeds, called lays, after make a periodical return of war an indispensable evil. Tlus

The crew have no which, if correctly stated, is not a little alarming, and seems deducting rather more than two-thirds of the proceeds for the in Russia, the increase of males over females, in 15 years, "A owner. The captain has a twelfth, the chief mate a twenty- 804,453 ; in France, 347,254 ; in Prussia, 69,764 ; in Naples eight, the second mate a forty-eight, the third mate an eightieth, 25,796 ; in Bavaria, 8398 ; in Bohemia, 69,172; in Sweden the cooper and carpenter an eighty-fifth, and seamen each a 15,195 ; in Wurtemberg, 6877; in Hesse, 3361; in Nas hundredth lay. The largest whales seldom exceed sixty feet in 6484 ;-briefly, in a total population of 101.707,212, an exces length, or furnish more than eighty barrels of oil and sperma- of 1,356,754 males. If this

proportion be applied to all Europe ceti of thirty-one and a balf gallons each, the spermaceti or with a population of 215 millions, the excess of the males woul head matter, as it is called, averaging one-third of the above amount, in the same period of peace, to 2,700,000. Lut quantity ; eight barrels being a tun, consequently the largest southern provinces of Russia, near the Caucasus, in the w whales seldom furnish more than ten tuns of oil and head mat- Americas, and the Cape of Good Hope, the disproportion i ter. The two principal sperm grounds are the coasts of Japan still greater.

5546 children

8565

BY BISHOP HEBER.

noces.

COLUMN FOR THE LADIES.

“ Is it sail ye are after making; and do ye mane to take all LINES SET TO A BEAUTIFUL WELSH AIR.

these pretty craturs away wid ye? No, faith, another kiss, and another man.". I am not going to relate how many kisses

these lovely girls bestowed on this envied Captain. If such I mourn not the forest whose verdure is dying ;

are Captains' perquisites, who would not be a Captain ? Suffice I mourn not the summer whose beauty is o'er;

it to say, they released the whole of their countrymen, and re

turned on board in triumph. The Lord Chancellor used to say, I weep for the hopes that for ever are flying ;

he always laughed at the settlement of pin-money, as ladies I sigh for the worth that I slighted before ; And sigh to bethink me how vain is my sighing,

were generally either kicked out of it, or kissed out of it; but For lore, once extinguished, is kinded no more.

his Lordship, in the whole course of his legal practice, never

saw a Captain of a man of war kissed out of forty men hy two The spring may return with his garland of A wers, pretty Irish girls. After this, who would not shout “ Erin go And wake to new rapture the bird on the tree ;

bragh !" The summer smile soft through his chrystalline bowers ;

WEDDING PRESENTS. It is the custom of the continent for The blessings of autumn wave bro in o'er the lea; a bridegroom to present to his bride, on the eve of their union, The rock may be shaken— the dead may awaken, a collection of jewels, contained in what is called a corbeille de But the friend of my bosom returns not to me.

The corbeille pre-ented by King Leopold to the Prin

cess Louise, coosisted of a Gothic chest of ebony, inlaid with KISSING OFF SAILORS.

silver, in a damask pattern, and studded with oriental pearls. Huifax is a charming, hospitable place. Its name is associ- Its contents were a magnificent suite of diamonds, consisting of ed with so many pleasing, recollections, that it never fails to a necklace, comb, and wreath of wheat-ears, the latter made so et another glass from the bottle which, having been

gag

as to take to pieces, and become applicable in various other *. was going to pass the night in the cellaret. But only say forms; besides a variety of brooches, intended for looping up Halifax !" and it is like " open sesame !"-out lies the cork, the drapery, of court dresses, and clasping on bouquets. À me dorp goes a bumper to the “ health of all good lasses !" complete suite of different coloured stones, mounted in gold so

• Irish Guineaman had been fallen in with by one of our lighily that the setting was invisible, and a great variety of ..5*Prs, and the commander of his Majesty's sloop, the Hum- wheat-ears in emerald, chrysophrase, jacinths, topazes, chryso

bird, made a selection of some thirty or forty stout Hiber-lites, and other stones, representing wheat in every shade of its as to fill up his own complement, and hand over the surplus growth. A set of Neapolitan shells

, and another of antique tie admiral. Short-sighted mortals we all are, and captains cameos, richly set in gold, besides a great variety of gold chains reni-sar are not exempted from human imperfeition ! -some light, others very massive. Two studs for night-dress* moch, also, drop between the cup and the lip! There es of large single diamonds. Eight cachemere shawls, four sed to be on board of the same trader two very pretty Irish being square, and four long. Scarfs in every variety of lace, 1s of the better sort of bourgeoise; they were going to join viz. Alençon and Brussels point, Lisle, Mechlin, Valenciennes, ser friends at Philadelphia. l'he name of the one was Jüdy, Chantilly; besides some curious varieties in cachemere, embroiad of the other Maria. No sooner were the poor Irishmen dered with gold, silver, and pearls. A dress of silk muslin (one bermed of their change of destination, than they set up a bowl of the new French stuffs), embroidered in bunches of grapes, of and congh to make the scaly monsters of the deep seek their which the fruit was composed of amethysts. A dress of Chiti caserns. They rent the hearts of the poor-hearted girls ; nese silk, painted in bouquets of flowers by the hands of the * 'to the thorough bass of the males was joined by the first artist; enclosed in a case of Japan, painted in flowers a la agos and trebles of the women and children, it would have chinoise, and richly gilt. A great variety of what are called do Ospbeus himself turn round and gaze. “Oh, Miss cadeaux de corbeille, accompanied this beautiful chest. Among s! Oh, Miss Maria! would ye be so cruel as to see us por others, a set of chimney ornaments, a la Francaise, consist

s dragged away to a man-of-war, and not for to go anding of clocks, candelabra, and vases; a breakfast service to akra ord for us? A word to the captain wid your own match, with a beautiful plateau of the same; another breakfast diy mouths, no doubt he would let us off.” The young service of silver gilt ; a dressing-case, work-box, and writing

3, though doubting the powers of their own fascinations, desk, en suite, of crystal and gold, lined with rich velvet; seve» Hoed to Dake the experiment. So, begging the Lieutenant ral beautiful cases of oriental Japan, filled with birds of Parawe slorp to give them a passage on board to speak with his dise, heron's feathers, marabout and ostrich feathers, acd the Lan, they added a small matter of finery to their dress, and richest plumes, in all their varieties ; several pieces of velvet, ped into the boat like a couple of mountain kids, caring brocade, blonde, gold and silver stuffs, and rich silks of every Ler for the exposure of legs nor the spray of the salt water, description; besides an infinite variety of trinkets and orna22.d, though it took the curls out of their hair, added a bloom ments for the embellishment of a dressing-room or boudoir, hair cheeks, which, perhaps, contributed in no small degree each contained in a travelling-case of the richest kind. The the success of their project. There is something in the sight wedding-clothes presented by Louis Philippe to his daughter, i a petticoat at sea that never fails to put a man into a good were of corresponding magnificence. what, provided he be rightly constructed. When they got Moore.—Moore is very sparkling in a choice or chosen soa beard the Humming-bird, 'hey were received by the Cap- ciety, (said Byron;), with lord and lady listeners he shines like han 5 Aad pray, young ladies," said he, “what may have a diamond, and thinks that, like that precious stone, his brilli

mured me the honour of this visit?" "It was to beg a fa-ancy should be preserved pour le beau monde. Moore has a Er of your hononr," said Judy. “And his honour will grant happy disposition, his temper is good, and he has a sort of fire

tos, said Maria ; " for I like the look of him." Flattered fly imagination, always in movement, and in each evolution 1, this litle shot of Maria's, the Captain said that nothing displaying new brilliancy. He has not done justice to himself **v gave him more pleasure than to oblige the ladies; and if in living so much in society; much of his talents are frittered I ho favor they intended to ask was not utterly incompatible away in display, to support the character of “ a man of wit Rb ta duty, that he would grant it. “Well

, then," said about town," and Moore was meant for something better. Sodeuds, * will your honour give me back Pat Flannagan, that ciety and genius are incompatible, and the latter can rarely, if **1 have pressed just now?" The Captain shook his head. ever, be in close or frequent contact with the former, without " He's no sailor, your bonour ; but a poor bng-trotter ; and he degenerating ; it is otherwise with wit and talent, which are 1 sever do you any good." The Captain again shook his excited and brought into play by the friction of society, which beste Ask me any thing else,” said he, "and I will give it polishes and sharpens both: 1 judge from personal appearance.

"Well then," said Maria, “ give us Felim O'Shaugh- Lady Blesington's Memoirs. By The Captain was equally inflexible.

“Come, come,

IMPORTANCE OF A Vote.-) hope to see the day when an o ar lapons," said Judy, we must not stand upon trifles now. Englishman will think it as great an affront to be courted and bill give yon a kiss, if you'll give me Pat Flannagan." fawned upon in his capacity of elector as in bis capacity of a * And I another," said Maria, " for Felim." The Captain had juryman. In the polling-booth, as in a jury-box, he has a great the tested on each side of him; his head turned like a dog-vane in trust confided to him-a sacred duty to discharge. He would

of wiad; he did not know which to begin with ; the most be shocked at the thought of finding an unjust verdict because Stefable good-humour danced in his eyes, and the ladies saw at the plaintiff or the defendant had been very civil and pressing; se the day was their own. Such is the power of beauty, that and, if he would but reflect on this, he would, I think, be end of the ocean was fain to strike to it. Judy laid a kiss on equally shocked at the thought of voting for a candidate for e right cheek ; Maria matched it on his left; the Captain was whose public character he felt no esteem, merely, because that the lappiest of mortals. “Well then,” said he, “ you have your candidate had called upon him, and begged very hard, and had $; take your two men, for I am in a hurry to make sail." shaken his band very warmly. -T. B. Macaulay, Esg.

BY DAVID VEDDER.

MR. BABBAGE'S CALCULATING-MACHINE. cheapness and celerity with which this machine will perform

its work, the absolute accuracy of the printed results deserves Of all the machines which have been constructed in modern especial notice. By peculiar contrivances, any small error protimes, the calculating machine is doubtless the most extraordin. the wheels, is corrected as soon as it is transmitted to the next,

duced by accidental dust, or by any slight inaccuracy is one t! ary. Pieces of mechanism for performing parti:ular arithmeti. cal operations have been long ago constructed, but these bear and this is done in such a manner as effectually to prevent any no comparison either in ingenuity or in magnitude to the grand accumulation of small errors, from producing an erronea design conceived, and nearly executed, by Mr. Babbage. Great figure in the result.--Sir David Brewster's Treatise on Nov. as the power of wechaninın is known to be, yet we venture to

ral Magic. say, that many of the most intelligent of our readers will

OF Curs.--Generally speaking, all that is necessary to have scarcely adınit is to be possible that astronomical and naviga: done in case of incised wounds or cu's, is to clear away the ser tion tables can be accurately computed by machinery; that the rounding blood, with all extraneous substances, and then ta machine can itself correct the errors which it may commit; bring the lips of the ground close together, retaining them and that the results of its calculations, when absolutely free that position by slips of adhesive plaster, spread on linen; and from error, can be printed off, without the aid of human hands, if the cut be deep and extensive, supporting it and the surrounde or the operation of human intelligence. All this, however, ing parts by proper handages. lo large grounds, snall apes Mr. Babbaye's machine can do ; and as I have bad the advan? | ings should be carefully left between each of the slip tage of seeing it actually calculate, and of studying its construc- plaster, to facilitate the escape of secret matter, or ef tion with Mr. Babbige himself, I am able to make the above three or four days; and if much pain or inflammation fra

blood. The first dressing should remain on untouched statement on personal observation. The calculating machine, now constructing under the superintendence of the inventor, the accident, a little opening physic ought to be taken. T has been executed at the expense of the British Government, bleeding consequent upon wounds may generally be stopped and is, of course, their property. It consists essentially of two pressure. The application of a quantity of cobiveb may, ha parts, a calculating part, and a printing part, both of which are

ever, be resorted to, and is sometimes useful in obstinate biede necessary to the fulfilment of Mr. Babbage's views, for the ings from cuts. Formerly it was the practice of surgeona whole advantage would be lost if the computations made by the done, and should always be avoided if possible. The lips

sew up long or deep wounds with the needle, but it is possard machines were copied by human hands and transferred to types the 'must severe cuts can generally be retained in cea by the common process. The greater part of the calcularing machinery is already constructed, and exhibits workmanship of much better, and with far less irritation, by means of adhed such extraordinary skill and beauty that nothing approaching plaster and bandages than by ligatures. In cuts which nes to it has been witnessed. In order to execute it, particularly separate any particular member of the body, as a finger, those parts of the apparatus which are dissimilar to any used example, a union by the foregoing means ought to be icra in ordinary mechanical constructions, tools and machinery of ably attempted, and will usually succeed if the attempt be me great expense and complexity have been invented and construc- without delay. It is well known that even the nose, after bei ted; and in many instances contrivances of singular ingenuity nearly cr quite separated from the face, has been perfectly un have been resorted to, which cannot fail to prove extensively ed to it again by means of strips of plaster.- The Docte. useful in various branches of the mechanical arts. The draw. ings of this inachinery, which form a large part of the work,

THE TEMPLE OF NATURE. and on which all the contrivance has been bestowed, and all the alterations made, cover upwards of 400 square feet of surface, and are executed with extraordinary care and precision. Talk not of temples, there is one In so complex a piece of mechanism, in which interrupted mo

Built without hands, to mankind given ; tions are propagated, simultaneously, along a great variety of

Its lamps are the meridian sun, trains of mechanism, it might have been supposed that ob

And all the stars of heaven ; structions would arise, or even incompatibilities occur, from

Its walls are the cerulean sky; the impracticability of foreseeing all the possible combinations of

Its floor the earth so green and fair ; the parts; but this doubt has been entirely removed, by the

The dome is vast immensityconstant employment of a system of mechanical notation, invented by Mr. Babbage, wbich places distinctly in view, at

All nature worships there! every instant the progress of motion through all the parts of The Alps arrayed in stainless snow, this or any other machine, and by writing down in tables the

The Andean ranges yet untrod, times required for all the movements, this method reoders it

At suprise and and at sunset glow, easy to avoid all risk of two opposite actions arriving at the

Like altar-fires, to God. same instant at any part of the engine. In the printing part

A thousand fierce volcanoes blaze, of the machine less progress has been made in the actual exe.

As if with hallow'd victims rare, cution than in the calculating part. The cause of this is the

And thunder lifts its voice in praisegreater difficulty of its contrivance, not for transferring the

All nature worships there! computations from the calculating part to the copper or other plate destined to receive it, but for giving to the plate itself The ocean heaves resistlessly, that number and variety of Inovements which the forms adopt

And pours his glittering treasure forth; ed, in printed tables, may call for in practice. The practical object of the calculating engine is to compute and print a great

His waves, the priesthood of the sea,

Kneel on the shell gemmed earth, variety and extent of astronomical and navigation tables, which

And there emit a hollow sonnd, could not be done without enormous intellectual and manual

As if they murmured praise and prayer ; labour, and which, even if executed by such labour, could not

On every side 'tis holy groundbe calculated with the requisite accuracy: Mathematicians,

All pature worships there! astronomers, and navigators do not require to be informed of the real value of such tables ; but it may be proper to state,

The grateful earth her odour yields for the information of others, that seventeen large folio volumes

In liomage, Mighty ONE, to thee; of logarithmic tables alone were calculated at an enormous ex.

From herbs and flowers in all the fields, pense by the French Government, and that the British Go

From fruit on every tree : vernment regarded these tables to be of such national value

The balmy dew at morn and even that they proposed to the French Board of Longitude to print

Seems, like the penitential tear,
an abridgement of them at the joint expense of the two nations,
and offered to advance 5000l. for that purpose.

Shed only in the sight of heaven-
Besides Joga-

All nature worships there !
rithmic tables, Mr. Babbage's machine will calculate tables of
the 'powers and products of numbers, and all astronomical

The cedar and the mountain pine, tables for determining the positions of the sun, moon, and

The willow on the fountain's brim, planets; and the same mechanical principles have enabled bim

The tulip and the eglantine, to integrate innumerable equations of finite differences

In reverence bend to Him. that is, when the equation of differences is given, he

The song-birds pour their sweetest lays, can, by setting an engine, produce at the end of a given

From tower, and tree, and middle air; time, any distant term wbich may be required, or any succes

The rushing river murmurs praise-sion of terms commencing at a distant point. Besides the

All nature worships there!

AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN UNHAPPY OBJECT. ten this brief memoir. I have seen much of the world, My life is shortly told. My first impression was the and have learned that mankind are unreasonable and unsensation of a tremendous squeeze, which instantly awoke grateful, and that in a world of great variety of taste and me into life and thought. I was now spread out to the wishes it is impossible to please all. light, and a glow of intelligence completely pervaded me. My ideas were at first new, multifarious, and confused.

SCRAPS, Nations, politics, courts, wars, speeches, fightings, feasts,

Original and Selected. merchandire, marriages, deaths, ditties, &c. &c. made up my thoughts, which were various and mixed, and I lay in CHARACTER OF THE LATE SUR SAMUEL ROMILLY.a silent state of wonder and amazement. I soon found that Romilly, always so quiet and measured in his motions, is I was but one of a large family, that was ushered into the yet a man of unceasing activity. He does not lose even world at the same time, from the same prolific mother. minutes. He devotes himself in earnest to whatever he is Our whole litter was laid in regular order in a pile ;—my doing; and, like the hand of a clock, never stops, although situation being one of the first born, was particularly op- his motions are so equal as to be scarcely perceptible.. pressed, damp and uncomfortable, I had a silent, intuitive Dumont. longing wish to get into the world, which was at length NationAL CHARACTERISTICS.—The most certain way gratified. Saturday morning came and I was carefully of ascertaining the real character of a people, is to view folded, and laid, Moses like, in a basket, by an urchin who them in the most populous states, and that part of the nawas called the deliverer, and borne into the street. The said tion who have the least interest in disguising themselves. deliverer I soon found was an object of interest and desire. If, in China, you see two porters jostle against each other He was soon accosted by an elderly looking man, with in a narrow street, they will take the loads off their backs, threadbare rusty breeches :

-Have you a spare paper this and make a thousand excises to each other for the acci. inorning, my boy ?' 'No Sir,' was the short reply, and he dent occasioned, and on their knees will ask pardon for the trudged on with us, muttering “not as you know on, Old offence. On the contrary, in London or Paris, two porters Gripe; you are the same chap that promised me some cop. on such an occasion would quarrel, and exercise upon each pers for a paper the other morning and ha'nt paid me yet ; other the fistic powers. A Frenchman is continually talkyou are too stingy to take the paper, but wont get another ing about his mistress,—the inseparable companion of an from me.” My brethren were now fast leaving me, being Englishman is his umbrella --and the watchman is not deposited at their proper destinations; at length my turn happy without his pipe-nor' an Italian without his fiddle. came, and I was tucked into the crevice of a shop door in A LEARNED BODY-SERVANT.-CURIOUS ADVERTISELeith. The first sample of the kind was not at all pre- MENT.—The following amusing advertisement lately appescessing. I had not been long in my new situation, when peared. The advertiser seems to be a sort of “ Admirable a reluctantly early apprentice, swinging a key on his hand, Crichton” in his own estimation :-“ A man of thirty wistfully eyed me; and casting a look about him, felo- years of age, born at the foot of the Grampian Mountains, nimusly seized, and thrust me into his pocket. My rightful in Scotland, self-taught, has a strong propensity for studyowner being in sight, hailed and arrested the pilferer, and ing nature and nature's law, men and manners, barbarous with threats compelled him to relinquish his prize. He en- and refined ; capable of bearing the severity of the frigid or tered his shop, and I soon found that I was the first object the intensity of the torrid zone ; has a general knowledge of interest. After hastily drying me by the fire, in which of astronomy, geography, history, metaphysical reasoning, progress I narrowly escaped conflagration, he ran over me, with the elements of poetical and musical composition and fixed his eyes upon sales at auction, advertisements, naturally ; plays several musical instruments ; has a plea&c. I was then more particularly examined, and dismissed sant tenor voice, with a compass of eighteen notes ; a slow with condemnation. Nothing but foreign news, Parliament but a distinct reader ; of sober habits ; who would be atul Cabinet—Jove stories and accidents by flood and field ; a happy to meet an intelligent person, where he would make newspaper should be a commercial report--one side at least himself generally useful ; and a pleasant companion in the should be devoted to prices current.' I was then pettishly capacity of body.servant. Letters, post paid, addressed, thrown upon the counter, but was soon in requisition. A“ J. P. coach-office,” &c. &c. bare beaded boy made his appearance, with a “ Please to PANDERING TO ARISTOCRATICAL FEELINGS.-Indi. lend mamma your paper a few minutes, just to look at the viduals may be trustworthy above others, but classes canship news." The request was reluctantly granted, with not be pointed out as at all peculiarly entitled to confidence. wmething about the plague of paper borrowing, and a de- This assertion is diametrically opposed to the prevalent termination to stop it. I was soon borne to a neighbouring opinion of the day. Riches, station, and high birth are house

. The good old woman, whose husband was at sea, supposed, to a certain extent, to be guarantees for good coneagerly sought the ship news, but was disappointed in her duct. The testimony of experience is, that neither riches, earch.“ How negligent and careless these printers are," nor station, nor high birth, deserve consideration, as unconsaid she, “ not a word of intelligence of the Jumping Jenny; nected with a given individual. The temptations to error they print of Poland, and poetry, and fill their papers with are as potent in the case of the rich as the poor man ; the advertisements, and that stuff, is all they care about.” Miss man of high, as of humble, station ; of exalted, as of obssaw took her turn. She sought the stories, the poetry, and cure, lineage. The ruling party hold these opinions peculimarriages, which in half an hour were all devoured ; with arly obnoxious ; and so strong is the sentiment prevalent " the wonder that they put any thing else in the paper." on this head, that all the biographers, both of Mr. Canning An elderly lady now took me, who, adjusting her spectacles, and Mr. Huskisson, for example, laboured hard to make *artered me a little while, and declared me a “terribly out a gentleman's ancestry for the one, and for the other. unnteresting paper : hardly a column of deaths, and not It was thought by the aristocracy the very height of prehere than fifteen or twenty murders and accidents.” Insumption, in these new men,” to pretend to the situation this way I passed through all hands of the family, and after of Premier. “ He is nobody," was the potent exclamation. being well soiled and somewhat torn by the little ones, was “ His father was this, his mother was that.” The son of an sent home. For three whole days I had no rest, but was actress, Prime Minister of England! The idea is monoptionally borrowed and abused. At the end of this strous, it is the portentous offspring of the French RevoluTo, I was supplanted by a new face, and was then dis- tion ; “ of the large and liberal cant of the day,” (a phrase, ardel and thrown aside like all servants, when they have be it remembered, coined by Mr. Canning himself,) and becoene useless. I was, however, again resusitated, and deserves to be considered as one of the most horrid atroraplayed as a wrapper to some merchandise, and sent into cities of that atrocious commotion.- Tail's Edinburgh Ma. the country. There, again, I became an object of interest, gazine. sent the rounds of the neighbourhood, and was a “ nine “ A house-going minister," says Dr. Chalmers, “ wins days wonder." I am now quietly hanging up in a shatter- for himself church-going people ; and his week.day attened condition in a Kirkaldy kitchen, from which I have writ- tions and their Sabbath attendance go hand in hand."

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