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And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. And they took Lot, Abram's brother’s son (who dwelt in Sodom) and his goods, and departed. - o And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew ; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. And he divided himself against them, he and his serwants by night, and smote them, and pursued them, unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. And he brought back all the goods, and also brought. again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people. And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, (after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him) at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king's dale. And Melchisedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine, and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high GoD, possessor of heaven and earth ; and blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all. And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the Persons, and take the goods to thyself. And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have list up mine hand unto the Low B, the most high God, the Possessor of heaven and earth, that I will not take from * thread even to a shoe-latchet, and that I will not take any any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich : save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Ashcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion. ...

ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.

We read in a former section, that the descendants of the sons of Noah overspread the whole earth. Many ages passed, before all parts of the world were inhabited ; but mankind must have increased very fast, or there could not have been such a number of kings, as we read of in Abram’s time. These monarchs had no great extent of territory, each reigned over one city and its suburbs. -

As it has been questioned, how those continents came to be peopled, which are widely separated from the parts first inhabited after the flood, it will be proper to mention, that, though all the great quarters of the world, are, for the most part, separated from each other by some vast extensive ocean, yet there is always some place where an isthmus, or small neck of land, is found to conjoin them, or some narrow sea is made to distinguish and divide them; and there is great reason to suppose, though it has not yet been discovered, that there may possibly be a small neck of land, by means of which some of the descendants of Noah passed into America. . . .

We find, by the account here given of Abram's rescuing Lot, that he was a man of consequence in the estimation of his contemporaries. It is supposed, that the king of Sodom, who came to meet Abram, was the son of him who fell at the slime pits. Abram’s refusal

of the booty shewed, that he did not engage in the war - - . . . - - from *

from avaricious motives, but entirely from that principle of humanity and affection, which ought to influence every one towards the unfortunate, especially if they

should chance to be relations. It has been a matter of great dispute, who Melchisedek, king of Salem, was, to whom Abram paid tythesThe apostle, St. Paul, has written largely on the subject”, and made it (as I think) evidently appear, that he was no less than the Lord himself, who, while mankind continued innocent, might justly be regarded in his government of them, as King of Righteousness ; and afterwards as King of Peace and Reconciliation for them as sinners. But in the full discussion of this point, it would be proper to employ the apostle's arguments, which will appear in a much clearer light with the rest of the doctrines of the New Testament; we will, therefore, pass it over at present. The practical instruction to be collected from this section is, that it is our duty to go to the assistance of friends, whenever we can render them essential service; that in all deliverances from our enemies, we are to ascribe glory to God ; and that, if we . should discover who the King of Righteousness and Peace is, and should find that he is ready to meet all who, like Abram, believe and trust in the most high God, hostessor of heaven and earth, we are under an indispensable obligation to

Pay homage to Him, as it is He alone who can convey a divine blessing to us. .

SECTION XVIII.
THE TEMPORAL COVEN ANT.
From Genesis, Chaft. xy.
AFTER these things, the Word of the Lord
unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Ahram:
toy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.
* Heb vii,

Canne I am

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And Abram said, Lord GoD, what wilt thou gir

me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house
is this Eliezer of Damascus? And Abram, said, Behold
to me thou hast given no seed : and lo!: one born in
my house is mine heir! o
And behold the Word of the Lor D. came unto him,
saying, This shall not be thine heir. And He brought
him forth abroad, and said, Look now towards heaven,
and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them. And
He said unto him, So shall thy seed be. -
And Abram believed in the Lord, and he counted
it to Him for righteousness. -
And the Lok D said unto him, I am the Lord that

brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee .

this land to inherit it.
And he said, Lok D God, whereby shall I know that
I shall inherit it?
And He said unto him, Take me an heifer of three
years old, and a she goat of three years old, and a ram of
three years old, and a turtle dove, and a young pigeon.
And he took unto him all these, and divided them
in the midst, and laid each piece one against another,
but the birds divided he not. And when the fowls
came down upon the carcases, Abram drove them
away. -
And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell
upon Abram, and lo, an horror of great darkness fell
upon him. *
And the Lor D said unto Abram, Know of a surety
that toy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not
theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them.
four hundred years. -
And also that nation whom they shall serve will I
judge ; and afterwards they shall come out with great
substance. .

But

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But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full. And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, thou shalt be buried in a good old age. And it came to pass, that when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoaking furnace and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. In that same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates. * The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.

ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.

In this chapter, we read, that the Word of the Lorn. came unto Abram. We are taught by the Scriptures of the New Testament, and, indeed, by a succeeding verse in this section, that the Wo R n of the LoRD is another title appropriated by the LoRD God. The purpose of this vision seems to have been to strengthen Abram's faith by additional promises. It had been revealed to Abram before, that his descendants should be very numerous and prosperous, but as he had no present Prospect of an heir, his hope might have failed, had not Gob thus graciously condescended to encourage it.

It is said that Abram believed in the Lord, and he oned it to him jor righteousness a that is, Abram be*ed that the Lord was God, that He had power to **I things, and was ever faithful to His promises. Ohiocount of this faith, GoD, in his own great mercy, forgave

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