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the miracles performed in their sight served to prove the truth of his divine mission.
The behaviour of the Israelites, on this occasion, was perfectly just and proper, worthy of the imitation of all who are sensible of the goodness of God in time of a fiction,
By this lesson, ministers are admonished not to be discouraged from the performance of their public duties by apparent difficulties, since the Lord may be expected to co-operate with their endeavours, if they proceed agreeably to His will. And all others are admo. Bished to receive, with reverence and gratitude, those intimations of the divine favour, which it is the duty of ministers to make known to them; and which, as now contained in Holy Writ, are equally certain and vaJuable as if communicated to us by ministers inmediately inspired
MOSES AND AARON GO TO PHARAOH.
From Exodus, Chap. v. and vi. AND afterwards, Moses and Aaron went in, and told, Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God, of, Larael, Let my people go, that they may, hold, a feast unto me, ip the wilderness,
And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should, obey his voice to let Israel go? I know, not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go,
And they said, The God of the Hebrews, hath met with us : let us go, we pray thee, three days journey into the desert, and sacrifice upto the LORD our Gon: lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.
And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get ye unto your
And Pharaoh said, Behold the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens,
And Pharaoh commanded the same day the task-masters of the people, and their officers, saying, Ye shall no more give the people straw
to make bricks as heretofore, let them go and gather straw for themselves.
And the tale of the bricks which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them : ye shall not diminish aught thereof : for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God. Let there more work be laid
upon men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.
And the task-masters of the people went out and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw. Go ye, get you straw where you can find it : yet not
work shall be diminished. So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt, to gather stubble instead of straw.
And the task-masters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks as when there was straw.
And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's task-masters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your
task in making brick, both yesterday and to-day, as heretofore?
Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants ?
There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick ; and behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.
But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle : therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the Lord.
Go therefore dow and work ; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.
And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case after it was said, Ye shall not minish aught from your bricks of your daily task.
And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh.
And they said unto them, The Lorb look upon you, and judge ; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hands to slay us. 1 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil intreated this people? Why is it that thou hast sent me?
For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people ; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all. --Then the LORD said to Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh : for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land. - And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD:
And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of GoD ALMIGHTY ; and by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them *?
And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage wherein they were strangers. And I have also heard the groaning of the children o
f Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage · and I have remembered my covenant.
* It is the opinion of several good Critics, that this verse should be read interrogatively ; for it is certain, that God' was known to the patriarchs by the name of Jehovah, O 4
Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the bar. dens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you of their bondage: and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments,
And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your Gon, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear, to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage ; I am the LORD.
And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: byt they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Go in speak upto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the chil. dren of Israel go out of his land,
And Moses spake before the LORD, saying, Behold the children of Israel have not hearkened unto mé ; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?
And the LORD spake unto Moses and upto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
And the Lord said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a God to Pharaoh : and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
Thou shalt speak all that I command thee; and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.
And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt.
But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay my hand upon Egypt, and bring forth mine armies, and my people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. And the Egyptians shall
' know, that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth mine hand' upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.
And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD commanded them, so did they.
And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh,
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS. The attention which was at first paid. ta Moses and Aaron, by the Elders of Israel, strengthened their faith, and encouraged them to go to the king of Egypt.
Before we make any remarks on the character of Pharaoh, it will be proper to observe, that there are degrees of wickedness, and that presum fituous sin, which proceeds from wickedness of spirit, and consists* in reproaching the LORD, despising His word, and wilfully breaking His commandments, is its last stage. Presumptuous sin is in Scripture called the great offencet A presumptuous sinner is justly regarded of God as an outcast from the race of mankind; for he is at enmity with God and man; and having broken the first law of nature, by refusing obedience to the CREATOR, he can have no claim to any privileges as a creature.
It is remarked by the Royal l'salmists, that the LORD made known his ways unto Moses, His acts into the children of Israel. The dispensations of His Providence, therefore, towards these his chosen people, demand our attentive consideration. We find, from different passages of Scripture, (which will be noticed in their turn) . 30, 31. + Ps, xix. 13. # Ps. ciii. 7.
# Num. xv.