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tously the necessities of his relations. What is in this Section called an inn, signifies a tent, which they carried about to pitch occasionally ; for there were no public inns in those days in the eastern countries. . .

By this section, we are instructed, that in times of dearth and scarcity, the inhabitants of a country should not sit down in supine dojection, “looking at one another;” but make diligent inquiry, whether it be not possible to procure a supply from some foreign land. It also contains a powerful warning to all persons against the perpetration of wicked actions; since, howeVer secretly committed, they leave a sting in the conscience; and, when known, bring suspicion upon the authors of them, in cases in which they are perfectly

blameless. 2-
2’ *
SECTION XLIX.

Jos EPH AND HIs BR ETH REN.
From Genesis, Chaft. xliii.

AND the famine was sore in the land. And it came to pass when Jacob's family had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food. And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see” my face, except your brother be with you. If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food; but if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down : for the man said unto us, 'Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you. And

3.

And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother 2 And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down 2 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go: that we may live and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. I will be surety for him : of my hand shalt thou require him; if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever. For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time. And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this ; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds; and take double money in your hand : and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand ; peradventure it was an oversight. Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man ; and GoD ALMIGHTY give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin ; if I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved. And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said - to to the ruler of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready ; for these men shall dine with me at noon. And the man did as Joseph bade ; and the man brought the men into Joseph's house. And the men were afraid because they were brought into Joseph's house ; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in ; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us and take us for bondmen, and our

asses.

And they came near to the steward of Joseph’s house, and they communed with him at the door of the house, and said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food, and it came to pass when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and behold every man's money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight; and we have brought it again in our hand. - And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food; we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks. And he said, Peace be to you, fear not; your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in

your sacks : I had your money; and he brought Simeon out unto them.

And the man brought the men into Joseph's house,

and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender.

And they made ready the present against Joseph

came at noon ; for they heard that they should eat bread there.

And when Joseph came homo, they brought him the present present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake 2 Is he yet alive : And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive : and they bowed down their heads and made obeisance. - * And he lift up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother's son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me 2 and he said, GoD be gracious unto thee, my son. - - And Joseph made haste, for his bowels did yearn upon his brother; and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there. . . . ... And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained, himself, and said, Set on bread. And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves; and for the Egyptians which did eat with him by themselves; because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews : for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians. - And they sat before him, the first born according to his birth-right, and the youngest according to his youth; and the men marvelled one at another. And he took and sent messes unto them from before him; but Benjamin's mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank and were merry with

him.
ANNOTATIONS AND REFLECTIONS.

There is an appearance of undutifulness in Judah's

refusal to go down into Egypt at his father's command;

mand ; but we should consider the situation he was in.
Jacob felt the force of his son's remonstrances, and
was convinced that Judah insisted upon Benjamin's ac-
companying him, not from a principle of disobedience,
but from prudence and necessity. The present which
he sent consisted of the choicest produce of the land of
Canaan. o - o
Though Jacob at first had suffered his affection for
one child to make him unmindful of what was due
to the rest of his family, he soon recollected his duty,
and resigned his affairs to the disposal of Divine Pro-
vidence. - -
It is evident that Joseph's detention of Simeon pro-
ceeded from a distrust that he had dealt treacherously
with his youngest brother ; for as soon as he was con-
vinced that Benjamin was safe, he found it difficult to
restrain the effusions of his tenderness towards all of
them. With what anxious solicitude did he inquire
after his aged parent With what affection did he be-
hold his no other’s son | Not one unkind or harsh ex-
pression did he utter, but entertained his brethren with
the utmost hospitality. Prudence suggested that a far-
ther trial of them was necessary, before he placed con-
fidence in them, therefore he refrained himself, but the
pain which it cost him to do so the sacred historian has
most pathetically expressed. Well might Joseph's bre-
thren, a company of shepherds, be astonished, at being
treated with so much ceremony and respect in the pa-
lace of a Prime Minister How condescending and en-
gaging must Joseph's behaviour have been, which en-
couraged his brethren, under such circumstances, to
be merry with him. -
It is likely that the Egyptians possessed that illiberal
spirit which prevails too much among the lower kinds

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