And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael; that is, God, the God of Israel. And God said unto Jacob, Arise, go up to Beth-el, and dwell there ; and make there an altar unto God ...that appeared unto thee, when thou fleddest from the face of Esau thy brother. Then Jacob said unto his houshold, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments : And let us arise, and go up to Bethel; and I will, make there an altar, unto, God, who answered me in the day of my distress, and was with me in the way which I went. *** * *. And they gave unto Jacab all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their ear-rings, which were on their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak that was by Shechem, - o And they journeyed; and the terror of God was upon the cities that were roundabout them; and they did not pursue after the sons of Jacob. o: o So Jacob came to Luz which is in the land of Canaan (that is Beth-e!), he and all the people that were with him. And he built there an altar, and called the place El-bethel; because there GoD appeared unto him, when be fled from the face of his brother. And God appeared unto Jacob again when he came out of Padan-aram: and blessed him. And Goo said unto him, Thy name is Jacob: thy name shall not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name; and he called his name Israel. And God said unto him, I am Gop. Almightx3 be fruitful and multiply ; a nation and a company of nations shall be of thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins. And the land which I gave Abraham and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy seed after thee will I give

the land. And

...And Gop went up from him in the place where he talked with him. . - - it. . . Co. . . .';*, * And Jacob set up a pillar in the place where Gop talked with him, even a pillar of stone; and he poured a drink offering therson, and he poured oil thereon, and called the place Beth-el. o: in


* As the son offsaac, and the grandson of Abraham, Jacob had received many blessings; but he had lately been made a Prince under the title of Israel, and as such, was to give a name to a people. He wisely considered that a people, unless under the guidance and protection of God, can have no security; his first care, therefore, on his arrival in that country, which was destined to be the future inheritance of his descendants, was to pur. chase a piece of ground for the express purpose of tonsecrating it to the Lorp; here he built an altar, that he might occasionally assemble his family “to join in those sacrifices, which, as has been afready observed, made a principal part of the religion of the Patriarchs; to onomy iconi, his design." At this place Jacob might have lived very happily; for the people of the adjacent country wers"extremely egarteous to him; but, through the indiscretion of his daughter Dinoh, an unhappy difference arose between the Shechemites and Jacob's sons; in which the latter behaved with such outrageous cruelty; as brought at edium upon the whole family; so that Jacob began to fear a conspiracy would be raised against him by the rest of the Canaitites, and bn 'this' account he resolved to remove. While Jacob was deliberating where to fix his habitation, he received a Divine command to go to Bethel. Jacob well remembered his solemn vow, that if he returned in peace, he would consider the pillar

which he set up at Bethel as God's house.

K4. It.

“It has been related, that Rachel brought away her father’s idols, which she kept carefully concealed : it is not unlikely, but that Leah and her handmaids might have secreted others; and it is very probable, that when Jacob's sons destroyed the city of Shechem, the captives they took carried with them some of theirs. Now as Jacob had promised, that the Lord should be his only God, if ever he returned to Bethel, it would have been a violation of his vow, had he suffered any thing to remain in his family that might have been held in any degree of competition with the Lord ; he therefore desired them “to put away the strange gods that were among them.” He also required them to wash their bodies, and change their garments : thus intimating, that an entire purification was necessary, in order to their becoming the peculiar people of God. ..., , , , , . How happy must, Jacob have been, when the Lege appeared to him at Bethel, and again pronounced him a Prince, of God, giving him likewise the blessing of Abraham!: It was an additional satisfaction, to him, to know for a certainty, that the Lond was the AlMighty Gopioi, o it so or or . of to 2, 3 : {A. ... It is impossible to obtain, an exact idea of Jacob's pillar; some commentators suppose, that the covenant made, between the Lord and Jacob was inscribed on it... It is most likely, that the ceremonies. Jacob used were of Divine appointment, a toi o o or... ? ...The conclusions suggested by this section are, that the Loko is true to His promises, and omnipotent to perform them;-that His a favour comprehends all the blessings of life, and if so, that it is our truest interest to week it; and that when His blessings are showered down upon us, it is our duty to acknowledge, and be thankful for his goodness. . . . . . . . . . co - SECTION

- - -


From Genesis, Chaft. xxxv.

AND they journeyed from Bethel; and it came to pass that Rachel bare another son, and his father called him Benjamin ; and Rachel died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem. And Jacob set a pillar upon her grave: that is the pillar of Rachel’s grave unto this day. And Israel journeyed, and spread his tent beyond the tower of Edar. And Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah (which is Hebron) where Abraham and Isaac sojourned. And the days of Isaac were an hundred and fourscore years : and Isaac gave up the ghost and died, and was gathered unto his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him. And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country, from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers, could not bear them, because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir : Esau is Edom. +. And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan; and the sons of Jacob were twelve, Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin ; and his daughter's name was Dinah.



Rachel had, with uncommon solicitude, desired an increase of family: little did she think that the completion of her wishes would prove fatal to herself! Jacob felt the most poignant grief at the death of a wife so beloved, but this misfortune served to exercise his patience. It must have been a great consolation to Jacob, once more to behold his aged father; and, without doubt, the good old patriarch sincerely rejoiced at the return of his son; especially when he found, in the increase of Jacob's family and riches, an earnest of the accomplishment of all the Divine promises. Soon after Jacob's return, Isaac was released from this mortal life; and (as we conclude from the expression gathered to his fathers) his soul was received into the state of rest appointed for the departed spirits of good men. It appears, that Esau, as the eldest son, had for his portion the greatest part, if not all, of his father's riches in the land of Canaan, which he took away with him to Seir ; and that Jacob was left in Canaan to increase

his substance, by the Providence of God. The Scrip

ture informs us, that the descendants of Esau soon multiplied into a powerful nation called the Edomites, which had many kings, long before *, there was any king in Israel. The twelve sons of Jacob, mentioned in this section, were the heads of the twelve tribes of Israel, as will be

seen in the succeeding part of this history.

From the misfortune which befel Jacob, in the loss

of his wife, so soon after he was reconciled to his bro

ther, and had received a confirmation of the blessing of

Abraham, we learn to reflect, that no human felicity is - * Gen. xxxvi. 31.

- permanent.

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