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of applause broke from the admiring revellers ? A Ro. Each fish that clings, or swims, or creeps, man consul was once, wbile at a banquet in Gaul, entreated

Leaving the fish-stalls pick'd and bare. by his mistress to permit ber to enjoy the spectacle of a human being beheaded ; he ordered a criminal to be led Why nougbt is left, except perhaps into the dining-room where they sat, and, before the eyes

Some pot-herbs that a cow would slight, of both, as they reclined at table, the miserable unfortu

Round which, to keep our hungry chaps date was beheaded ! Such were some of the fellow

From famine, we poor fellows fight. countrymen of the accomplished Cicero, Antoninus, and Seneca.

There is pretty good evidence for supposing that no less

a person than Osiris, the great God of Egypt, was the It is remarkable that the liking for fish seems to be the first distiller of whisky on record. For the Egyptians had,

from time almost immemorial, a distillation or brewage predominant characteristic of every people as it increases in opulence, and refines in luxurious enjoyments. Poor from barley, called by the Greeks barley-wine, not infepeople are generally not very fond of fish. The ancient rior, they say, in flavour, and superior in strength, to

wine. Allusion is made to this liquor in several passages Greeks, like our lowest Scottish country people, had rather

of ancient writers. á dislike of fish; they never ate them except when com

The poor people of Egypt drank it pelled by necessity. Homer, who is very minute in his

instead of wine, and were wont to intoxicate themselves enumeration of the heroic dishes, excludes them from the with it, just as our poorer people do with whisky. It tables of Agamemnon and Achilles. In later times, the

seems also to have been no stranger to the Hebrews ; for Greeks became so excessively fond of fish, that their reference is certainly made to it in the Old Testament, word of wroy_which expresses nearly the meaning of under the name of "strong drink,” stronger than wine, our Scottish word kitchen-denotes tish principally, as

and resorted to by determined drinkers for the sake of that meat which, above all others, was preferred for inebriation. Among the Celtæ in Spain and France, being eaten with bread. The seas and shores of Greece it seems to have been common as a substitute for wine; and the islands were ransacked for the most delicate fish,

Polybius speaks of a certain Celtic king of part of Iberia, and exorbitant prices were paid for them by the city middle of his hall golden and silver bowls full of this

or Spain, who affected great court pomp, and had in the epicures. The fishmongers of Athens were, to judge of them from description, a most opulent and powerful barley-wine, of which his guests and courtiers sipped or body; they were classed with the bankers of the city, quaffed at their pleasure a custom which, it is said, for and were alike unpopular, alike unmercifully lashed by the reguli of our Scottish Highlands. The antiquity of

many a century prevailed among his Celtic descendants, the dramatic poets of Athens. There was a strange law at Corinth, one of the wealthiest, as it was the most

this distillation is proved by the Egyptian tradition commercial city, of Greece, that if any stranger appearing probably be supposed that the Egyptians communicated

which ascribed its invention to Osiris. It may not imamong them seemed to live too luxuriously, and was seen too frequently at the market-place purchasing high-priced the invention to the Babylonians and Hebrews, who fish, he was questioned by the magistrates as to bis means

transmitted it northwards to the Thracians and Celtæ of being able to maintain his table so expensively ; if he

of Spain and Gaul, who, in their migrations north-westshowed the means of doing so, he was allowed to remain ; wards, carried it along with them into Ireland and our if he could not exhibit his pecuniary capabilities, and

Scottish Highlands. This barley-wine was called by the persisted to purchase dear fish, he was consigned to the

Greeks 6.0708—(Qu. brew ?)—which, in all likelihood, city executioner.—So fond were the Athenians of fish,

was its Egyptian or Celtic name. Aristotle entertained and so nice about the best modes of pickling or preserving cated with it, he says, fall on the back-part of their heads ;

an extraordinary notion of this potation. Those intoxithem, that they presented with the right of citizenship whereas those drunk with wine fall on their faces! Julian, the two sons of one Chæriphilus, merely because their the emperor, wrote a Greek epigram on this Celtic father had invented a new sauce for scombri, or mackarel; loping about the streets in their new equestrian dignity, it for the benefit of the distillers : whence an Athenian wit, on seeing the two youths gal- | beverage, which proves in what estimation it was held

We subjoin an attempted translation of denominated them The two Mackarels on horseback. The rage of the Roman voluptuaries for delicate fish is well known; not only did they bring them from the By the true Bacchus! I do know thee vot:

Whence art thou, thou false Bacchus, fierce and hot ? shores of Britain and the farthest islands, but they en- He smells of nectar; thy brain-burning smell deavoured to colonize the seas in the neighbourhood of is not of flowers of heaven, but weeds of hell. Rome with breeds of new fish. Octavius, the admiral of the Roman fleet, brought from some distant sea an

The lack-vine Celts, impoverish'd, breech'd, and rude, immense number of scari, or chars, with which he stocked

From prickly barley-spikes thy beverage brew'd ; and peopled the oceau between Ostia and Campania, as a

Whence I should style thee-to appraise thee rightnursery of new scari. What success befell this piscatory But the thin ichor of old Ceres' veins,

Not the rich blood of Bacchus bounding bright, sort of colonisation is not recorded.

Expressed by fames from hungry barley-grains,
Child born of Vulcan's fire to burn up human brains.

Devongrove, Clackmannanshire,
From the Greek of Alexis.

December 18, 1830.
In this our Athens heretofore,

'Twas only when old Boreas keen,
Or south winds set the deeps in roar,

ST ANDREWS AND THE NEW GAZETTEER.
That not a fish was to be seen.

A FRIEND TO ST ANDREWS" requests us to state, that

he “ considers it as quite unnecessary to enter into con-
But now, since that worst wight of wights, troversy with Mr R. Chambers, one of the Editors of the
Proud-pursed Phayllus, walks our town,

New Gazetteer of Scotland. That the account of St
Cursed with a lust of fish, he lights

Andrews, given in that work, contains errors as to mat-
A third storm on our markets down.

ters of fact, which the slightest enquiry might have pre

vented, Mr Chambers does not, because he cannot, deny ; And for his kitchen up he sweeps

thus admitting that, in what is the proper province of a Mack'rel and mutton, skate and scar,

Gazetteer, there is the most culpable failure. His opinion

THE FISH-DEVOURER.

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ROYAL SOCIETY.

of the University and its Members—for which there was Though young Achilles, goddess-born and bright,
certainly in this publication no call-may be safely left Looks the avenging victor of the fight -
without animadversion, because nothing could satisfy the Though many a lineament and face divine
public more completely that it is given in ignorance and In breathing marble round thy studio shine,
in anger, than that article of the Gazetteer, and the letter And though that nymph, all other nymphs above,
addressed to the Editor of the Literary Journal, in which Thy Virgin kueeling at the shrine of Love,
that opinion is stated, and attempted to be defended.” The bosom wakes to holiest desire,

And speaks like music from a poet's lyre,
Still press thou on, new triumphs to achieve;

Let Fancy round thee all her rainbows weave,
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES OF

And, glowing into life, let forms refined
EDINBURGH.

Come glittering forth--the mintage of thy mind !
Much hast thou done,-much is there yet to do;

Thou tak'st thy place among the nobler few,
Monday, January 17, 1831.

Who count not aught perform’d, if aught remains ;
PROFESSOR RUSSELL in the Chair.

O'er thee the undying thirst of genius reigns

Genius whose labours are its own reward, Present.-- Professors Hope, Russell, Christison, Graham, which smiles scarce quicken,-frowns can ne'er retard. and Wallace; Drs Borthwick, Gordon, Gregory, Hibbert, Keith, and Maclagan; Captain Boswall, R.N.; Sir D. Mylne, Sir A. M. M.Kenzie, Sir John Forbes;

And, trust me, in this porthern land of ours, Messrs Robison, Arnott, Jardine, Adie, Witham, Cay, True souls there are, who feel art's màgic powers ; Mentieth, &c.

Not to the gaping crowd are these address'd, A PAPER was read by Professor Wallace on the Panto- Nor always prized the most where known the best. graph, an instrument calculated to reduce curved figures to High minds demand high minds to judge their worth, a smaller zone of proper proportions. After giving a de

Nor judge they by the rule of South or North : tailed history of the instrument, which was invented in And if, with sterling strength and sense endow'd, 1603, the Professor showed that rough diagrams only could Old Caledon has had her claims allow'd be taken by means of it, and described the improved one To mental eminence in paths which try invented by him, which he calls an Eidograph, by which The varying natures that within us lie; much finer and more accurate reduced copies may be taken in a short time. The instrument was exhibited along with If, in divine philosophy, she claims

As all her own some bright unequall'd names; some plates executed with it, which showed that it might be applied to very delicate delineations. An interesting If round the temple of the muse there throng enmmunication was then read from Arthur Trevelyan, A host of bards who to her hills belong; Esq., noticing, that during the cooling of rods of certain If o'er the fields of science she has sent metals, when in contact with masses of lead, sounds, re- Men who have cull'd rich garlands as they went,sernbling those of an Æolian harp, accompanied by a tre

Believe me, she has sons with hearts to prize mulous motion of the rod, were produced. The sounds The deep calm beauty that in sculpture lies varied with the length of the metallic bar, its degree of Hearts which, once moved, remain not cold and tame, heat, and the metal of which it was counposed. The phe But whose quick throbs are the best part of fame ! nomena are very singular, and greatly attracted the attention of the Society; but no explanation of them was

These hearts are thine; and 'tis delight to know, offered.

That where thou goest they with thee will go.
Proud is thy country, and be thou, too, proud
Of ber, for she doth stand thy friend avow'd ;

She lays her band upon thee, and among
ORIGINAL POETRY.

The wide world's mazes she will watch thee long,

Nor brook to see thee pine 'neath cold neglect and wrong. EPISTLE TO LAURENCE MACDONALD, ESQ.

My friend, farewell! Perchance these parting lines

Thou wilt not all o'erlook 'mid higher signs
ON HIS APPROACHING DEPARTURE FROM SCOTLAND.

Of that esteem thy natural gifts inspire ;
By Henry G. Bell.

They flow spontaneous from my willing lyre ;

And if, in after years, kind Fates decree LAURENCE! with whom, in many a pleasant hour,

That I again should spend glad hours with thee When kindred feelings o'er our hearts had power,

Hours when our memory will gild the past, High converse I have held, on themes which lent

And live o'er joys that faded far too fastTo natural thoughts a grace and ornament,

It may not grieve thee that a heart still true,
And ever in thy words was sure to find

Foresaw thy coming fame, and gloried in it too.
Traits of a gentle and a noble mind,-
My wishes follow thee, and bid Heaven speed
The lofty hopes thy onward steps that lead !
A wider field thy free-born genius claims;

LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.
High is thy art, and high should be its aims.
Yet not, O! not to any spot of earth
Are chain'd bright thoughts, that from the soul take birth, MR WILLIAM RAE Wilson is about to publish a new and enlarged
And shape themselves in marble, and become

edition of his Travels in the Holy Land. Forms that the gazer looks on, and is dumb);

Mr Derwent Conway, who has recently returned to England from

the Continent, is preparing Travels in Spain and other countries. They are the common birthright of mankind,

Mr Dugald Moore, author of “ The African," &c., has nearly The rich donation of a golden mind,

ready another volume, to be entitled The Bridal Night, The First In whose far depths a wealth of fancy lies,

Poet, and other Poems. Might well outweigh a thousand argosies !

Captain Thomas Brown has in the press, Biographical Sketches,

and authentic Anecdotos of Quadrupeds, in one volume. Proceed, my friend, pursue thy own career,

There will soon be issued from the Glasgow press, Tales of the

Manse, by a Gentleman gone to the Indies, in two volumes. Fresh laurels wait thee with each coming year';

Mr Hone has commenced a new periodical work, to appear in And though thy Ajax in fierce beauty stands,

monthly parts, entitled The Year Book, on the plan of his Every, The earliest triumph of thy plastic hands,

Day Book. 2

OUR STUDY TABLE.-We find the following novelties on our the Animal Economy have already resulted, or may be expected to study table :-British Melodies, or Songs of the People, by T. H. result, from the modern improvements in Chemistry?” Each Essay Cornish, a very elegant little book ;--A View of the Scripture Account must be transmitted, not in the hand writing of the candidate, to the of the Natural Stute of Man, and the Scheme of Salvation, a work we Librarian of Marischal College, Aberdeen, before the 1st of April, must decline reviewing, as we could not do justice to it without en. 1832, accompanied with mottos, written on the back of a letter contering into discussions foreign to the nature of our JOURNAL;- taining the name and address of the candidate.- Mr Woodford, A.M. Select Views of the Lakes of Scotland, Part II., a publication of which author of " Elements of the Latin Language Simplified," has announwe think highly, and which is certainly calculated to reflect much ced his intention of commencing an Evening Course of Leetures on credit both on the painier, Mr John Fleming, and on the engraver, General History, Chronology, and Geography, illustrated by maps, Mr Joseph Swan;— The East Lothian Literary and Statistical Jour- prints, drawings, and a chart, on an entirely new plan.—The Rev. nal, the first seven Numbers, which are all that have yet appeared, Abercromby L. Gordon, Minister of Greyfriars parish, Aberdeen, is but which contain several highly respectable articles, and evince preparing for publication, Ist, A Discourse, the substance of which good taste on the part of the conductors ;- The Dublin Literary was preached in the West Church, on Sabbath the 22d of August, Gazette and National Magazine, No. VI., for December 1830, an 1830, at the Lecture instituted for inculcating the duty of man to able periodical, which appears to deserve success, whether it obtains the inferior animals; and 2d. An Address to the Inhabitants of Aberit or not;-Several pamphlets, among which is The Petition of the deen, on the necessity of establishing Schools in the six parishes into Ministers, Elders, and Deacons of the National Scotch Church, Re- which the city has been divided, together with two letters on the gent Square, London, a brochure, as we are informed on the title subject, which appeared in the Aberdeen newspapers, under the sig. page, which " can be sent by post as a single sheet, if it is not cut nature of Civis.—Mr Thomas Duncan, stone-cutter, is at present up," and which, therefore, we abstain from cutting up;The preparing an obelisk of Peterhead granite, which is soon to be erected Children in the Wood, a very handsome edition of the old ballad, at Southampton, to the memory of the late lamented Scottish poet, beautifully illustrated with wood-cuts, by Branston and Wright, Robert Pollok, author of the Course of time. The following inand others.

scription is to be engraved upon it:-" The grave of Robert Pollok, NEW MUSIC.-We have received this week two nex songs by Mr

A M. author of the Course of Time; his immortal poem is his monu

ment. Finlay Dun,-" Meet me, Maid," a Norwegian song, the words by

He was born at Muirhouse, Eaglesham, Renfrewshire, ScotDerwent Conway; and " Fare thee well, my Mary, dear,” the words

land, on the 19th of October, 1798; he died at Shirley Common, on by Robert Gilfillan. Both are pleasing melodies, but we like the

the 17th September, 1827. This obelisk was erected by some admilast best-a sweet and simple air.

rers of his genius, January 1831." Chit-Chat from EDINBURGH.-A public dinner of the Royal which, notwithstanding all the newspaper putt's about the grandees

Chit-CHAT FROM MUSSELBURGH.-We have had a Cavalry Ball, Company of Archers is to take place in their Hall on the 29th inst, the Duke of Buccleuch in the chair; and the farewell dinner to Mr

who attendet, went off on the whole but flatly; and, mirabile dictu ! Laurence Macdonald has been postponed to Saturday the 5th Fe

although it was a ball given by our own troop, there was not above bruary. Sir Walter Scott is prevented from taking the chair on the

six Musselburgh ladies in the room.-Dr Moir is at present engaged occasion by indisposition, and in consequence Professor Wilson will

on a medical work, but not the one on the diseases of infants, which preside, and Francis Grant, E-7. of Kilgraston, and George Combe, you announced some time back; but something on a more compreEsq., will act as croupiers. The Solicitor feneral and other gentle hensive scale, in which, I understand, much learning and research

will be displayed.-Our townsman Mo Ritchie's bust of Lady Ann men of the highest respectability, among whom will be most of the

Hamilton, which was much admired in the Royal Institution last Edinburgh artists, and many of our first literary characters, are to

year, has, in my opinion, been surpassed by a marble one of Lady be present, and there can be no doubt that the meeting will be one of the most interesting kind. We hear with pleasure that the affairs

Hope of Pinkie, which he has just finished. “ The Shepherd Boy," of the Six Feet Club, the honorary body guard of the Lord High pipe,” is also highly creditable to his taste. His greater effort, how

a beautiful impersonation of a rural swain with his “ melodicus Constable, continue to prosper. The Club holds its annual supper in the Waterloo Hotel, on Tuesday the 1st of February.--Several

ever, consists of a group, the subject of which is taken from the social and convivial parties will take place next Tuesday, in com

second canto of Tasso's Jerusalemn Delivered--the figures, those of

Olindo and Sophronia--the moment of time, that in which the lover memoration of the birth-day of our great national poet, Burns.

and his mistress are bound to the stake. The self-devocion of the Nicholson and Stockhausen have given two concerts here, both of which have been well attended. Nicholson is a splendid fute player,

heroic Christian maiden, who stepped forth freely to brave the fiery and Stockhausen a singer of great beauty and sweetness ; but there

ordeal in expiation of a crime at which her pure heart would have is a monotony in her style. The death of Henry Mackenzie, though

revolted, and the deep affection of Olindo, who framed a tale of guilt long expected, has created a considerable sensation here. News of

to share the funeral pile with his beloved, is touching and pathetic

in the extreme. the death of Madame de Genlis, and of Niebuhr the Roman historian,

Mr Ritchie, as far as his art will allow him, has have also arrived within a few days.

done justice to his subject. The agony of grief in the male figure is

finely pourtrayed. The upturned eyes, the knitting of the brow, the CHIT-CHAT FROM ABERDEEN.–Since I last wrote, the following expansion of the chest, and the firm planting of the right foot, are publications have issued from the Aberdeen press : 1st, The Aber- excellent. In the female figure we have the calm firmness of purdeen Commercial Memorandum Book, or Pocket Journal for 1831, pose with which martyrs meet their fate. The eyes are raised to containing all the necessary tables and complete lists for Aberdeen heaven, but their expression is that of the quiet holiness of devotion. and the Northern Counties. 2d, The Layman's Preservative against The conception of the poet is finely brought out ;Popery, Nos. II. and III., by William Fergusson, A.M. 3d, The

“ Yet seem'd Olindo like a man to moan Aberdeen Magazine, No. I., embellished with a view of the North Parish Church, lately erected in King Street. 4th, A Sermon preach

Who wept another's sufferings, not his own, ed in the Church of Clatt, on the 18th November, 1830), the day ob

While silent she, and fix'd on heaven her eyes, served within the bounds of the Presbytery of Alford, as a day of

Already seem'd to claim her kindred skies.” thanksgiving to Almighty God, for the late favourable harvest and The figures are the size of life. He has not quite finished it off, but abundant crop; to which are subjoined, Metrical Paraphrases of Se. I believe he intends it for the Scottish Academy, which opens early lect Passages of Sacred Scripture, by the Rev. Robert Cook, Minis- next month, when you will have an opportunity of judging of its ter of Clatt. 5th, The sixth number of the Christian Investigator. merits. 6th, Sanctification a Good Work, a Sermon by the Rev. Gavin Park. CHIT-CHAT FROM Eleix.-A pamphlet, entitled, “ A Voice from er, Minister of Union Terrace Chapel of Ease in Aberdeen. And the Tomb, or the Ghost of the Elgin and Forres Journal," has lately 7th, Considerations on the Expediency of the Congregation of St issued from the Elgin press.-We have had our share of frost and Paul's Chapel in Aberdeen uniting themselves with the Episcopal snow in Moray ; the river Lossie was frozen over for ten days, and Church in Scotland, by a Clergyman of the Church of England. -On afforded an excellent resort to the amateurs of skating.-Elgin is Wednesday the 5th inst., a public dinner was given in the County now lighted with gas, and makes a very respectable figure in its new Rooms, by upwards of sixty gentlemen connected with the county winter-evening dress. - Mr Love, the ventriloquist, has been perand city of Aberdeen, to John Menzies, Esq. of Pitfodels, previous forming in the New Assembly Rooms, and has now proceeded southto his departure to take up his residence in Edinburgh ; Sir Robert ward, to give entertainments in Huntly and Aberdeen.-On the first Dalrymple Horn Elphinstone of Logie Elphinstone, in the chair.- Friday of the new year, the proprietors of the Elgin Courier newsMiss Jarman was succeeded at the Theatre Royal by the Misses Pa- paper presented their subscribers with an accurate lithographic reton, in consequence of which engagement their concerts did not take presentation of the new iron bridge over the Lossie at Bishopmill, place. Miss Louisa Jarman is now performing here in opera, and is and the Elgin Gas Work in its immediate vicinity.-Mr G. Campbell likely to become a favourite. The second Aberdeen Assembly of the Smith, land-surveyor in Banff, has lately published, " Useful Tables season was held on Thursday, the anniversary of Queen Adelaide's for Landed Proprietors and Farmers, ornamented with a plan of an birthday.—Mr Dyce's Prize Essay on “ The Relations between the estate, and an explanation of finished plans." This little work is Phenomena of Electricity and Magnetism, and the consequences de printed in a manner highly creditable to the lithographic press of ducible from these relations," was read in the public hall of Mari- Banff. -A new street, extending from Anderson's Hospital to the Ca. schal College, on Saturday the 8th inst. The Trustees of the late thedral, is about to be opened in Elgin, under the name of King Mrs Blackwell have proposed as the subject for the next prize of Street ; and another, from Anderson's Hospital to the Rothes Turntwenty pounds, the question, " What additions to our knowledge of pike, is projected.

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LITERARY CRITICISM.

torum, can a dozen friends sit around the table, with the

sparkling mountain-dew, or the dark and massy wine, A Collection of Songs, selected by A. Kay, Esq., Vocal

before them, and feel the glory of gladness,“ the joy of Champion of Great Britain. Price Threepence. 32mo.

a new delight,” and no song ? If all the feelings of in

tense and almost unbearable happiness that have been It is not customary with us to write notices of selected kindled in the bosoms of boon companions by means of songs; but the merits of the present publication are so singing, during the last eighteen hundred and thirty-one numerous, that we cannot avoid bringing them before years, were gathered together, assorted by a cunning head, the public. The editor is a gentleman of high distinc. and amalgamated and compounded into one glorious and tion and celebrity in his profession, and has challenged to gorgeous laugh, one mighty and stupendous exclamation mortal combat all the greatest singers of the day, who of joy, it would, we are certain, overturn the universe, have, however, we are sorry to say, declined to meet him; and destroy the race of men. Louder than a thousand thus depriving mankind of one of the finest concerts thunders would be that laugh; and we have heard the that has ever taken place since the fierce contest, so elo- thunder of one autumn day make the leaves of the forest quently narrated by Carew, which was held in the forest trees fall to the ground, and shake to their foundations between the lutist and the nightingale.

the very mountains;--so ponder a little while, gentle The world, notwithstanding, is waxing more musical reader, on the idea of a thousand thunders, and think of erery day. Wherever we go, we are more or less regaled the effect of that one all-omnipotent laughs—that immorwith the melody of “ Signoras and Signors." No theatre tal cachinnation. can now prosper unless it command two or three singers of What is religion without singing ? Listen to the holy first-rate celebrity—a multitudinous assortment of encore psalm lifted up in solemn praise to God from the body songs—an excellent reserve of operatic performers-a of the church. There are many old men there, now choice stock of the most admired operas—and a well- giving their tremulous voices to the sacred song, whose selected orchestra. Go to an evening party, and whe- grey heads will, ere long, be laid in the grave ; and there ther it be held " among the highest grades or the lowest are, at this very moment, glad glimpses of heavenly hapranks,” (vide Preface by A. Kuy, Esq.) there is sure to piness about their hushed spirits, and their lifted-up be singing; and if the voice of the singer be not always thoughts are far away in that distant region, “ where the the most exquisitely modelled in the world, yet, in ge- wicked cease from troubling, and the weary are at rest." neral, we derive pleasure from the effort. Even unto And in death? How sublimely solemn the hyinn chant. our city streets bath the mania descended, and shirtlessed over the body of the dead, whether heard in mighty and homeless mendicants walk along “in glory and in i cathedrals, dedicated to the Catholic faith, mingling with joy," chanting to the four winds and the passers by: the sacred pathos of the low organ, amid the pompsof show, Some solitary individuals do not sing, or at least they are and the lavishings of wealth, and the luxuries of sorrow not suspected by the world to possess singing propensi- |-or the psalm sung in a humble English village by the ties, but such persons in general whistle, and when they parish clerk, who walks at the head of the gloomy prodo not whistle, they are accustomed to hum over within cession of weeping mourners, heard by itself in most their own mouths, and for their own private gratifica- solemn stillness ; for there is not a word spoken at that tion, the outlines of such melodies as they admire. moment in the village, for they all sorrow for the dead

Singing is happiness. Why all the foolish speculations man, who is borne along to his grave, and who was well about the happiness principle ?--singing is happiness ! known for years to all. From all ages, the old men eloquent whom we have read Singing is omnipotent ;-it rules us in our cradlemit of, were men who loved a good song, or a good psalm : go delights us in our boyhood-it excites us to rapture in as far back even as that prince of Israel, the vene- our manhood-it soothes and consoles us in our old age. rabie David. Often, when his duties of command were In the innonshine of the night, and the sunshine of the over, joyously to his stately ball walked he, touching to day-in joy and in sorrow-in prosperity and adversity lofty measures the sounding harp, till inspiration came -in trouble and in calm-in war and peace-in love and like a cloud of fire over his heart and brain,-joy, like hate-in refinement and barbarism-in cities and villages inadness, poured out its sparkles from the clear depths of -in palaces, and in huts of the poorest poor-in the his eyes, and the aged king leapt up and sung the measure hearts of the gay, and in the hearts of the melancholyof his own dance. What, without singing, is love? How at all times, and among all nations, and climates, and glowingly burns the eye, and how passionately trembles tongues, the voice of song has the same unlimited domithe lip, of the listening lover, when, reclining on mossy nion—the same universal effect on the heart of man. bank among the woods in the calm of evening, the be- Napoleon, in his stormiest, sternest, and most tumultuous loved of his affections singeth to him the joy of her heart; ebullitions of passion-however gloomy, morose, and disand of all the birds of that wide forest, there is not one contented-was at once lulled into a temporary calm by that hath such tones of pathos, and passion, and delight, the singing of one whom he loved. Rousseau and Ro. as those which love pours out from its altar in that maid. bert Burns, when dying, desired to feel and behold the en's breast! What, without singing, is friendship? Fame? sunshine of day ;-they saw and heard in it the low stupid, sickening, barren, and unbearable. And jollity? breathings, the sweet singing, of some blessed sacred A dead letter! How, in the name of the Sanctum Sanc- } melody,

It is useless to attempt the analyzation of that which superior judgment, minute and accurate observation, never has been, or can be analyzed; for, like Beauty, it profound remark, dignified philosophy, and refined imaexists under so many incomprehensible varieties and com. gination, which we know him to possess, Mr Kay's binations, and is so differently esteemed by different in short allusion, in the preface before us, to his reception in dividuals, under different circumstances, that it must ever | Glasgow, is expressive and powerful : “My enterprising be impossible to pronounce the precise and distinct limit spirit prompted me to visit Glasgow lately, where I gave and extent of the varieties of melody. The most simple some public evening concerts, which, I am happy to say, explanation seems to be this :- Whatever gives pleasure went off with the most unparalleled applause; and which to the ear, is musical ; whatever gives pain, is not mu- prove (showing at the same time the great good sense and sical. So of Beauty :- Whatever delights the eye, is discrimination of the Glasgow audience) that I have the beautiful ; whatever is felt to be disgusting, is not beauti- finest talents for siring, far superior to any mortal that ful. But, lest we offend the metaphysicians, and fatigue has ever appeared in public. My stay was short, but, limit. ourselves, we hasten to offer a few words concerning the ed as it was, I was introduced to all the wonders and book of A. Kay, Esq.

beauties of that celebrated town. My heart was also Most gentle and pensive reader ! thou mayst purchase made prisoner by a young lady of high rank; but, like this book for the small price of threepence ; which sum Tasso, I loved in vain. One of my best songs is on this thou mayst arrive at by commuting a bank note into sil- subject." ver, and one of the pieces of silver into copper.

Our readers may possibly think that A. Kay, Esq. has, A. Kay, Fsq. is himself an author of songs, though, in some parts of his preface, expressed himself too egotistfrom “ modesty and delicacy of disposition," he has not, ically. This is perhaps true ; but vanity is very often we perceive, published them in bis book. We almost an infirmity of noble minds, and many men of the greatsuspect that he does not particularly excel in this species est genius and most exalted virtue have been self-idolaters. of composition; and at this we are not astonished, as men We need not enquire into the history of men of past days, of the higher order of genius are not, in general, very but merely look around us among living men. Sir Walter good writers of songs. He has, however, written a Pre- Scott excepted, all the poets, and painters, and sculptors, face to his Collection, which is full of the most eloquent and actors, and singers of eminence, are vain and egotistwriting we have met with in modern times. We shall ical. --Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Sewel Stokes, among quote from this Preface the challenge which he originally poets; Etty, among painters; Campbell, among sculptors; intended to send to Mr Braham and others. He did not Macready, among actors; A. Kay, Esq., and Braham, send it at the time, but afterwards sent each a written ainong singers; and, among our periodicals too, doth not challenge, rather differently worded :

the Edinburgh Literary Journal love to behold its own “ I, Alexander Kay, Esq., Vocal Champion of Grunt blessed and beaming countenance reflected in all its beauty Britain, in accordance with the most innate and sincere from the mirror of Fame, as dearly and passionately as wishes of tens of thousands of my intimate acquaintances, ever wild deer that hath discovered its own lovely shadow from the highest ranks of society down to the lowest in some lonely desert spring, and goeth down daily from grades, do hereby valiantly challenge the following real its high home among the mountains to gaze on the stately or pretended singers—(the meeting to take place in Cor. head and antlered brow of the beauteous stranger, whom by's Hotel, Old Horse Wynd, Edinburgh, second flat) all the deep love of its yearning heart cannot win from its

- viz. Braham, Sinclair, Sapio, Wood, and Anderson, kingly repose in the crystal depths below? gentlemen who are esteemed to be first-rate singers on We take leave of our author with feelings of the sin. the London Boards, to a trial of our respective merits as cerest respect and admiration, hoping that all our readers, singers, for the honour of a Scotsman, being at the head who can afford to spare the sum of threepence from their of this most seraphic science, (as all the other arts and yearly income, will assist in promoting the progress of sciences are headed by my countrymen.")

literature, by purchasing this judicious and excellent se. Alexander Kay, Esq. had intended to have affixed his lection of songs. portrait to this advertisement, and had prepared a short history of his life, with numerous passages from his Diary. We are sorry he was induced to forego his challenge. We The Exiles of Palestine : A Tale of the Holy Land. By give his motives below, which he added in a Postscript.

the Author of “ Letters from the East," &c. 3 vols. “ P.S. At the same time, to show the nobility and mag

Saunders and Otley. London. 1831. nanimity of my soul, the delicacy of my disposition, and the true kindness of my heart, in not taking the lofty We do not know if we should be quite justified in sayand dignified station my genius entitles me to, I hereby ing that the public appetite for novels has altogether passed declare that I will not challenge these gentlemen, who away ; but certainly its craving is less violent than it are fully aware of my great, unrivalled, and celestial was some years ago. There is a tide in the affairs of powers as a singer, and had rather not lose the notoriety literature, as well as in the other affairs of life ; and if they have acquired, which they will assuredly do, if they the novelist does not take advantage of it when it sets in will allow me to bring it to public contest; that I will favour of his own favourite pursuit, he runs the risk of accept the sum of five thousand pounds, not as a bribe, having his labours neglected, while the taste of the readbut as a merited reward for my great generosity in not ing public is engaged upon some other subject, for the pressing this challenge, so that they may reap and enjoy time of more fascinating, though perhaps of equally evathe benefit of that name which they at present, I am nescent, interest. The genius of the Great Unknown not sorry to say, possess, and which, I am confident, would only revived the public taste for works of fiction, but quite fall into the shade, while my voice and appearance, elevated it to a pitch beyond what it had hitherto reached ; from their luminous effects, would cast an undying splen- a new tone also was given to this species of writing, it dour on the musical world.

A. Kay, Esq." became more natural and more instructive, as well as This illustrious individual afterwards did the city of more pleasing, than the puling sentimentalism and the Glasgow the honour of paying it a visit. He was re- incredible roinance which filled the circulating libraries ceived in the rapturous manner that his great powers of former generations; and, what may be considered as merited. He did not stay long, but in the short time he a still greater triumph, it enlisted in its service many of was there, his active, enterprising, and untiring spirit the most talented men of the age. In short, novel-readinduced him to see all the marvels of that marvellous city. ing, instead of being a deleterious drug, eagerly sought We are glad to learn, that it is Mr Kay's intention to after only by the victims of a depraved appetite and dispublish his observations in a book of six volumes, which eased imagination, had become, to a certain extent, the ** have no doubt will establish his character for that wholesome food of the sane and the industrious. Men of

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