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or when the aboriginal forest disappeared, or the waters of | between the river Earn and the Ochils on the south, there is the swamp betook themselves to defined channels, are ques- an elevation which receives the popular designation of Tertions which no writer can answer. It is only a matter of nave, a word, in all likelihood, deduced from Terra Navis, certainty that the country continued in a condition far for the very good reason, that the hillock has the precise from reclaimed after the land became inhabited, because the shape and appearance of a ship turned upside down. It etymologies of the names of places now in use are sigpiti- seems, in fact, as if a ship had been laid on the ground with cant of the original nature of their respective localities. By its keel uppermost, and then, by the caprice of an enchanter, these n. nes we further discover that the district was the changed to earth, with a coating of fine grass. The neighhabitation of beasts of prey and animals of the chase. bouring inhabitants are not decidedly of opinion that TerBoars, wolves, and foxes, from such a deduction, must have nave was ever ship, which, like ordinary vessels, sailed been the common inhabitants of the thickets and wilds. It upon the sea; but they are tirmly of belief that, whether an has been shown by the ingenious naturalist, the Rev. Dr enchanted ship or not, there is something uncanny about it, Fleming of Flisk, that what is now the bed of the Tay was and that it is under the special care of supernatural brings. once a forest, and this is proved by the discovery of the roots Tosupport such a position, they give the following traditionof trees, still in their natural position, within low water- ary story :--Many years ago, a poor man in the parish remark; immense beds of clay, full of the leaves of fresh- quired a few divots or turfs, to lay upon the “rigging' of his water plants ; also beds of peat, containing hazel nuts in cottage, and having often remarked the beauty and closeness great quantities; deposits of shell-marl, and other remains of the sward of Ternave, he resolved, whatever might come equally significant. The process of forming dry arable of it, to cast from its surface the quantity of divots be reland, out of the sludge of a shallow river, easily diverteu quired. Proceeding, therefore, with a spade suitable to his from its course, has been pursued, first by Nature, and, in purpose, he soon arrived by the side of the hillock and comthe second place, by Art. The cause of the windings or menced operations. But it is said that he got no more than links of the Forth may be referred to a something so tri- one incision made with impunity. From the opening beAing, that it is bardly worthy of belief. The fall of a tree neath his spade, there issued the tigure of an old man, dressed has sent a stream in a new direction; the slight opposition in the fashion of ane auncient mariner,' who, with violent offered by the edge of a stone, has directed the water into gesticulations, motioned him to begone, and forbade him an opposite course. On a smaller scale, the whole opera- ever again to attempt to injure the sides of his vessel, under tion may be seen in the case of a rivulet meandering through a deadly penalty, and having done so, instantly disappeared the bottom of a meadow. The growth of the land is like within the opening of the half-lifted turf. It need scarcely wise of no difficult solution. The grounds of the carse are be added, that the divot-caster required no second warning. the deposition of particles of earthy matter, washed down He withdrew his spade in a qualm of terror and awe; and, by the floods from the upper country, mingled with the re- baving come home and mentioned the circumstance to his siduum of forest trees and decayed vegetables. It is interest- neighbours, from that day to this (continues the relater of ing to view the spectacle of the reclaiming of land from the the story) no person in the parish, be the condition of the Tay, now in operation, at the instance of both nature and art. rigging what it may, has molested the enchanted ship, or This large and tine river is constantly bringing down from the ruffled the beauty of its verdant covering.” recesses of the Highlands, an infinitude of particles of sand The reader will find, in another department of our or other matter, individually so small, that they cannot be Journal, some remarks, by a valued correspondent, upon seen by the naked eye, and whose presence is only known the article “ St Andrews,” in the Gazetteer. Into this by the colour they infuse in the water. These particles are not carried out to sea. They are arrested by the tides controversy we do not propose to enter at present. We opposite the carse ground above noticed, and, sinking to the hold with Sir Roger de Coverley—that much may be said bottom, they imperceptibly form a tine species of mire. In on both sides. We have it in contemplation, also, to the course of time, this mire rises to the surface of the enter at large upon the discussion of our Scotch Univerestuary. It is first left dry at ordinary high tides, and sity system ere long. This, however, we may remark, next becomes visible at the height of spring tides. very long while, it forms merely long bare" reaches at low that it would be putting a work of this kind to too sewater, and at these ebbs of the tide, å person might, from vere a test, to pass every article, seriatim, under the appearances, be of opinion, that he could walk across the review of a person who possessed peculiar, and perhaps bed of the estuary with little difficulty. Floods and high exclusive, sources of information respecting the district impetuous tides at last drift so much matter on these rising described in it. reaches and half-formed islets, that they remain, at all times, above water, and finally, by the action of the winds in blowing thither the seeds of plants, or by other causes beyond the reach of human discovery, the land so formed is The Westminster Review. No. XXVII. January, 1831. covered with a rich herbage, shrubs, plants of a various
London. Robert Hewerd. nature, and even trees. In the bed of the Tay there have The New Monthly Magazine. No. CXXI. January, risen, in this manner, Grange Island, Rbind Island, 1831. London. Colburn and Bentley. Cairney Islands, Carpow Island, Chishinny Island, and The Aberdeen Magazine. No. I. January, 1831. AberMugdrum Island, and perhaps these islands may, at a future day, be joined to each other, or to the mainland on
deen. Lewis Smith, one side, so as to offer a complete specimen, in modern The present number of the Westminster Review is very times, of the way in which the great body of the carses bave political, but in these times this must be the natural tensprung into existence. The ingenuity and wisdom of man dency of all the larger periodicals. The Westminster is of are hastening, though not with a very creditable rapidity, the extension of the dry land on the banks of the Tay, and
course democratical, and to a degree which, to us, albeit yradually diminishing the unprofitable breadth of its chan. we have nothing to do with politics, is somewhat de trop. nel. The work of creation is going on chiefly upon the At the present moment, when we see old constitutions Fite side, a short way below Newburgh. Rude piers or breaking up all around us, and when what the Solicitordikes are run out from the shore, to the length of a few General calls the “despotism of public opinion,” is atyards, at certain distances from each other, and at every tempting to sweep away the established principles and Aux of the tide, a small portion of the mire is left betwixt maxims of
centuries, we cannot help thinking that a noble them. Little by little, the margin of the land is protruded opportunity offers itself to those who are disposed to dethe outer termination of the dikes, additional projections fend, not bigotedly, but with firmness and judgment, the are made, and the same result follows of an increase of land. institutions of their ancestors. “ Public opinion" must of In this way many flat fertile fields have been added to this course have its way; but public opinion is one thing, and portion of fife; and, judging from a superficial calculation, the opinions of the people of the mob—are another. In it would seem to be no difficult matter to hem in the Tay to every well-governed state, the great body of the populaa parrow deep channel on the Perthshire side, thereby not only increasing the quantity of productive land to a vast
tion has hitherto allowed itself to be regulated by the amount, but doing much for the benefit of navigation. An enlightened few; but the spirit of these latter days seems old writer on this part of Scotland, relates a circumstance,
to inculcate the belief, that physical strength implies significant of the former maritime condition of Strathearn, moral right--a falso and dangerous doctrine. A ship's and the superstitious feelings of the people. In this district, crew are at all times much stronger than their officers,
THE YOUNG MOTHER.
but what becomes of the ship when the crew mutinies ? right to say that we agree with our correspondent in The commander of an army is, in point of physical thinking it more than probable that the New Monthly will strength, as one to forty thousand; but cut off the com- now go on with increased spirit and success. Campbell mander, and the army becomes immediately a disorgan- has long slept over it, and the consequence was, that it ized mass. These are truisms; but they are truisms became dull and monotonous. From Mr Hall's extenwhich the writers in the Westminster Review seem dis- sive literary connexions, and the determination he has posed to forget. The articles in the Number before us on already evinced to infuse freshness and novelty sato his the Defensive Force possessed by any People on the periodical, we augur very favourably. The present NumBelgian Insurrection-on Machine-Breaking—on the ber displays much talent, and though the introduction of Parliamentary Representation of Scotland on the Wel- portraits is an evident imitation of Fraser, and therefore lington Administration-on European Revolution—and, objectionable, yet if all the engravings be as good as that above all, on the character of George IV., have a strong of the bust of Sir Walter Scott, which commences the tendency to support the despotism of public opinion, series, they cannot fail to form an additional attraction. understanding by public opinion the opinion of the nume- We entertain towards the Magazine and its conductors, rical, not the intellectual, majority. The article, in parti- every good feeling. cular, on the character of George IV. appears to us to The first number of the Aberdeen Magazine is highly call for unqualified disapprobation. The Westminster creditable to the good town. The article on Demonology Review hates kings, and therefore glories in attacking a is excellent. Former experience is against the success of dead king, in dragging his remains from the tomb, and any provincial Magazine in Scotland ; but we shall see loading them with every ignominy which the malevo- whether the conductors of the present publication can lence of the writer can suggest. Now, seeing that our make an exception for themselves. beloved native country has existed as a country at all, under a long and almost uninterrupted line of kings, we love kings, and, though not blind to their errors, we would not recklessly heap a load of obloquy upon their Songs of Solitude. By William Bennet, Author of
“ Pictures of Scottish Scenes and Character," &c. &c. biers. To respect and reverence those whom God has given to rule over us, is at once a moral duty and a sacred
Glasgow. W. R. M‘Phun. 1831. 12mo. Pp. 264. obligation. We argue not for the “divinity that doth
Mr Bennet is evidently an amiable man, and he is hedge a king ;” but because we would wish to respect our
an agreeable writer. Both his prose and poetry contain selves, and the laws which we ourselves have made, we
many sentiments that reflect credit on his heart, and, would wish to respect the person of our living, and the indicate a lively and healthy imagination. Circumstances memory of our dead, monarch. The article on the Par- prevent us from speaking at greater length of the volume liamentary Representation of Scotland is ably and power- now before us; but, as a specimen of the contents, we fully written, but the nature of the reform which it sug- subjoin the following sketch, which we think one of the gests, we consider to be of much too levelling a description. most successful in the book : As to the literary contents of this Number, by far the best article is on Webster's American Dictionary, and the next is on Lesson's Natural History of Man. The
« The room I enter'd where I oft before others appear to us somewhat flimsy, especially the Had met my young unwedded friend. reviews of the Heiress of Bruges, Maxwell, the Life of
There sat, Bruce, and Basil Barrington. The article on Tennyson's
Plying her needle with a housewife's care,
Beside the cradle of her infant child, Poems is showily written, but contains one of the most
She whose dear name my friend bad oft revealid, preposterous puffs of a small and rather mediocre volume
When in our hours of confidence, we used of poetry that we ever remember to have seen.
To talk of those we loved. We notice the New Monthly Magazine at present, prin
The self-restraint cipally with the view of informing our readers of a change And distant coyness of the youthful maid, which has taken place in its editorship. A literary In her were soften'd now-thongh cherish'd still, friend in London, in no way connected with the Maga- With charms of sweeter and more winning kind. zine, wrote to us, a few days ago, in the following terms:
In loose and graceful negligence her robes
Flow'd round her airy form : her beauteous brow, " Campbell is at last decidedly out of the New Monthly.
O’er whose clear sunlight care had never cast I am sorry for it, as I am afraid he may feel the loss of
One darkening shadow, half-conceal'd, shone forth the £600 a-year Colburn paid him. Mr S. C. Hall is
Through many a raven tress that o'er it waved installed sole editor, to the benefit, I have no doubt, of the In loose and playful wildness: In her mien magazine, if we are to judge by the January Number, The softness of the rose, when newly blown, which is admirable. The point on which the separation
Seem'd blended still with half its budding pride ; took place between Colburn and Campbell, at least the
“ And O! when o'er her cheek a trace of thought immediate point, was the insertion of portraits in the
Stole, like the wafture of a spirit's wing, Neo Monthly, which the ex-editor obstinately resisted,
How deep, how placid, and how holy, seem'd and chose rather to resign than yield. The January The sentiment it shadow'd ! Number has a portrait of Scott, with a memoir by Allan
'Twas, I knew, Cunningham. Campbell, I understand, has written a Some tender calling back of pleasures gone, letter of farewell to Colburn, in which he alludes to the Some fond concernment for her husband's sake, long friendship that has subsisted between them, and de- Or hope or wish for the dear pledge that laysires that the letter may be shown to the publisher's
The image of its father!-slumbering on
Beneath her watchful care. How calm it slept ! friends. He mentions in it that he now intends to retire
How sweetly o’er its seraph face were playing into private life, having given up his house in Scotland
The smiles of stainless inuocence! It seem'd Yard, and taken apartments; and that as to the design Dreaming of that bright world from whence it came, imputed to him of establishing another magazine, he has As if not yet its spirit had taken leave no such intention. Is not this an inglorious end of Of heaven's beatitude, and journey'd forth Thomas Campbell ?” In reply to this question, we do
On life's dark pilgrimage!
Its mother's eye, not see why there should be an end of Campbell merely because he has given up the magazine ; on the contrary,
While dropt her listless hand, now fix'd became
Upon the beauteous vision. The full tear, having now his time more at his own disposal, why That fell unconscious—the soul-utter'd prayer, should he not once more come before the world in his
And look of deep-felt ecstasy-declared pristine vigour? But, leavivg this question, we think it Her yearning tenderness and boundless joy.
“ Heaven bless thee, mother of a babe so fair! I breathed in secret, as I backward drew
MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. Partner of him whom as myself I love ! May that pure bosom, where his image lives, Enshrined and sacred, never less than now
ST ANDREWS, Versus THE MESSRS CHAMBERS' Be deeply, deeply blest !
NEW GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE LITERARY JOURNAL.
Sir,— The high, and, upon the whole, merited reputation Could wish, like Satan on the tree of life,
which the Messrs Chambers have acquired, as illustrators The Eden of thy happiness to blast!”
of the spirit and localities of Scotland, has directed the To this we shall add a song, of which there are a great public eye with some eagerness towards the first number number. The following is lively and natural :
of the above work. And as the starting note in music
regulates and characterises the tune, so the starting HOW PLEASANT TO THINK THAT MY BRIDAL IS NIGH.
number may safely be considered not only as a first, but “ How pleasant to think that my bridal is nigh, And the visions of bliss I've been dreaming on,
as a fair specimen of the whole. It is not the brick of Increase still in brightness the nearer my eye,
the "scholasticus,” but the pedestal of the column. In Like clouds that the sun is gleaming on !
accuracy or in error, in excellence or in imperfection, it Oh! who could behold him the wooer I prize, may be presumed to present an average of the fare which Nor love the pure spirit that speaks in his eyes ! is yet to be set before us. It is on this account that I have How happy we'll be in these dearest of ties,
perused the present number with more than ordinary That the light of our hope is beaming on!
interest, and that, in recording my disappointment, I feel “ When join'd to my lover, no ill can betide,
that I am discharging a duty not only to the public, and To sadden the path we are moving in ;
in particular to the city and university of St Andrews, The world shall ever, with him by my side,
which forms one of the principal articles of the numberAppear but a scene for loving in.
but even to the authors themselves, who, being thus The keener the tempest, the nearer I'll grow
firmly, but timeously admonished, may be more accurate To him, who will ward off, or lighten the blow; in their future statements and inferences. A Gazetteer, And find in the sunshine, again when we go, That 'twas but a scene for improving in.'
to be useful, must be correct, otherwise it loses its very
character. We would caution Mr Bennet against the sin of being It will scarcely, I dare say, be credited, that a person at times too natural and simple, somewhat after the of Mr Robert Chambers's opportunities and pretensions fashion of our friend Wordsworth. Thus, we have a “ Sonnet to Mrs M— of R— at her piano,” beginning,
can express himself in the following loose and inaccurate
manner respecting an event of comparatively recent and “ Wife of my friend, thy piano sitting !"
well-ascertained notoriety in Scottish history. Speaking In one of the songs, too, love is compared to a pigeon, of Magus Muir, and of the death of Archbishop Sharp, after the following fashion :
“ Five Covenanters, who had been concerned in “ True love's like a doo at the gloamin',
the assassination, were executed four months after on the That dwalls in the wud her lane."
spot." Now, it is a matter of notoriety not only unNor can we approve of the colloquial style of the fol- doubted but unquestioned, that not one of these tive unlowing :
fortunate individuals with the exception of Gullan, wbo “ On yesterday's eve,
merely held their horses, and was executed elsewhereI chanced to perceive
were ever even suspected, much less convicted, of being My friend with a fair maiden straying;"
accessary to the Bishop's death; pay, has not this very nor of the concluding stanza of the same song, which fact, the almost miraculous escape, namely, of all immeruns thus :
diately concerned in the murder, been referred to by the
friends of the Cov “ He was lost by that look!
anters again and again, as an evidence The flower when he took,
of the finger of God in the matter? He vow'd be should part with it never ;
Again, our author, speaking of the united College classAnd this evening at tea,
rooms of St Andrews, observes, “ In the lower part of I'd the pleasure to see
the building, on the west side, is a long, damp cellar, till It fresh in his window as ever.”
lately the chief lecturing room ; at one end of which is These are little peculiarities of style which it would exhibited a gaunt spectral pulpit, said to have been on one be well to amend. Nevertheless, we like the author of or more occasions used by the reformer Knox." Now the “ Songs of Solitude.”
this “long damp cellar" is nothing more nor less than the public hall of the College, in which principal, masters,
and students, have been accustomed, till of late, to con. The Burning Bush; or, Simple Stories illustrative of vene, on one or two public occasions, during the session, God's Providential Care of the Church. By the Author and has never been made use of as a lecturing room.
The of " Early Recolle:tions,” &c. Edinburgh. William gaunt spectral pulpit, which seems to have affected Me Oliphant. 1831. 18.no. Pp. 180.
Chambers like a ghost,—had he given himself time to Though perhaps a little too much tinged with Method- enquire, would bave turned out to be the old ante-reism, this is nevertheless a book which may safely be put formation pulpit of the Town Church, and of course that into the hands of the young, with the view of giving them from which our arch-reformer probably addressed the some notion of the rise and progress of Christianity, and people on several occasions. But, proceeds our topograof the trials which many persons have endared for its pher, “ the chapel of the institution, which bounds the sake.
square next the street, is that of St Salvador, and was
founded by the pious Bishop Keunedy. This structure Maternal Duty; or, the History of the Armstrong Family. Gothic style, and is of a light, elegant construction ; un
has not a parallel in Scotland. It is built in an exquisite Interspersed with interesting Tales, related by a Mother fortunately, it has been allowed to go into the most disto her Children. By a LadyGlasgow. Atkinson and Co. 1831. 12mo. Pp. 301.
ourselves entitled to refuse a place to the above communication, The authoress of this little volume deprecates criti- although we have always looked with a friendly eye on the literary cism. It contains many praiseworthy lessons of religion cessary to the letter we now publish, we shall be happy to make room and morality,
* In our character of independent journalists, we do not conceive
for it in our pages.-Ed. Lit. JOU'R.
ACADEMY - MARTIN'S
THE FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE COUNCIL OF
graceful decay, so as to seem, at the present time, as if to have submitted to conviction, or to have instituted a dropping to pieces." Now, this unqualified statement is refutation; but at present there is nothing tangible; cen. totally unfounded. Within little more tban half a cen- sure is heaped from misapprehension, in so general and tury, the roof of this elegant—but certainly by no means indefinite a form, as to do injury without affording any light building has been wholly renewed ; and within less opportunity of preventing it. Thus situated, the College than half that time, it has been repaired and new-mo- will probably be content to appeal to the forthcoming delled in the interior-in what may safely be denomi- report of the royal commission ; from which, I have good nated a comfortable and even handsome style—for the grounds to know, it will appear, that in no college in accommodation of the students and congregation of the Scotland is there more enlightened, laborious, and sucparish of St Leonard's. But this is not all,-in for a cessful tuition than in that of St Andrews. penny, in for a pound! Our journalist proceeds :-" It Thus then we have made it appear, that this fraternal is nevertheless used as the chapel of the College, and as copartnery is not exempted from those errors, the parish church of St Leonard's—of which the principal
“ Quos aut incuria fudet, of the College is ministerial incumbent.” And this averment is made by a person who has seen the new build, and that the readers, but especially the purchasers, of their
Aut humana parum cavet natura;" ings, erected this last summer, and not yet completed—and who has, at the same time, not taken steps to inform lucubrations, would do well to verify the accuracy of their
For my own himself, that the Principal of the united College has statements from less questionable sources. ceased to be ministerial incumbent for these five years part, I have done my duty on this occasion not only to past! But the head and front of the Messrs Chambers' in the public, but even to the authors themselves ; and I accuracy is yet to come. “ The bursars," continues our
take my leave of the subject at present, under the deterhistorian, are entertained at the expense of the Uni- mination to resume the task, which I have imposed upon tersity, and eat together. A table is kept for ordinary myself
, whenever I see occasion. I am, sir, &c. students, for which a board of about twelve guineas a
A FRIEND TO ST ANDREWS. session is paid." This is the very sublime of misrepresentation,—not one word or clause of it being true. In the first place, no students ever dined at the expense of THE FINE ARTS IN EDINBURGH.-THE SCOTTISH the College—the bursars happening, by the foundation charter, to have as good a right to their dinner, as the
GREENSHIELDS' STATUE OF ROBERT BURNS. masters and principals have to theirs; and, in the second We willingly give a place to the following Report of place, for many years past this table has ceased to be the Scottish Academy for the past year. It is a businessspread, and a sum of money, equivalent to this privilege, like and sensible document : and satisfactory to the bursars, has been substituted. The system of boarding at the College, and dining at its table, THE SCOTTISH ACADEMY OF PAINTING, SCULPTURE, has likewise long ceased.
Having exerted his inventive faculties on the exterior and materiel of the united College, our author comes at
Edinburgh, 10th November, 1830. last to the main point-the “ cui bono" of all this ap- to the union which had taken place between the original
Ć In the conclusion of theirlast Report, the Council alluded paratus ; and on this head he makes use of the following members of the Scotiish Academy and twenty-four other expressions :—“Notwithstanding its transcendent quali- artists, agreeably to an awarii of John Hope, Esquire, His fications as a university town, —its delightful, retired Majes y's Solicitor-General for Scotland, and Henry Cocksituation,—the excellence of its society, and the cheapness burn. Ésquire, Advocate. of provisions, it is a matter of deep regret that the num
16 The first meeting of the United Academy took place on ber of students seldom averages more than 200. Such a
the Ilth November last, when certain alt rations were prostriking fact leads to the conclusion, that there must be posed to be made on the Laws of the Academy, in a manner
which appeared to a part of the members to be inconsistent something radically bad in the system of education, worthy with the terms of the award. The Council, however, are of instantaneous revisal. The present extensive improve happy to state, that at a subsequent general meeting, held ments now going forward, will be of noavail in restoring the on the 14th March last, these differences were amicably and character of the place, unless followed by an unscrupulous finally adjusted. revision of that antiquated process of tuition, under which
“ The Council, in compliance with the instructions of the Scottish universities have long laboured, as under an
the General Meeting, have had frequently under their consi incubus." Truly the enlightened but uncolleged duumvi- obtain more suitable Exbibition Rooms; bui they are unable
deration, the most proper steps to be adopted in order to rate who have made this statement, might have shown a
as yet to point out any specific plan by which this desirable little more anxiety to state facts than they here do. Were object may be attained; they have therefore rented the there no means of information within the walls of the Col- present rooms for another year. lege itself--no respectable and official persons at whom en
“ T'he Council have the pleasure of stating, that Mr quiries could have been made-to prevent this blotched and Etry's second picture has arrived, and is, in every respect, deformed mass of misrepresentation and mistake? The a companion worthy of the first. character of the College-if we are to judge from the
6- The Council regret that they are unable to announce
any new subscribers during the last year, and would earnestly average of students for these last ten years—has already urge on the Academy the necessity of using every effort to been restored, as the average of students attending this procure a continuance of the support of the Patrons of Art antiquated university during this latter period, greatly “ The receipts of last Exhibition amount to £670, 7s. 6 d. outnumbers (amounting, as it does, not to 200, but to 260 Subscriptions from Ordinary Members, £12, 12s. ; from or upwards) that of any period whatever in the history of the year £735, 9., 60., while those of 1829 amounted to
Extraordinary Members, £52. 2s., making the gross receipts of the College ; and if the system of education now pur- about £1000. This diminution, the Councii hope, is to be sued be antiquated, it is somewhat extraordinary, that regarded as only temporary; but it demonstrates the necesunder an enlightened age, its inefficiency has not, latterly sity of leaving nothing undone within the power of the in particular, been manifested by an average decline rather Academy to bring forward such Exhibitions as may secure than an average increase of students! To answer one the approbation and suppurt of the Public, assertion by another, though a common, is by no means a
There is one subject to which the Council cannot refrain convincing, method of conducting an argument; but had from adverting, as it is intimately connected with the best our authors taken the trouble to inform themselves of the must, in a great measure, depend on its Exhibitions for per
interests of the Academy. It is obvious, that the Academy method of tuition pursued in the various classes of the cuniary support, and that it will require the united efforts of College, and, after this investigation, brought forward and the academicians to render these permanently attractive and stated distinctly their objections, then it had been possible profitable: the Council, therefore, trust that the members
will uniformly adhere to the wise resolution of a former ge- it is intended to represent, it is creditable to Mr Greenneral meeting, and confine their contributions in this city to shields' mastery over the chisel. the Academy alope, during the time that its exhibitions are open.
" The great object of the establishment of the Academy being the advancement and encouragement of Scorrish art;
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES OF and, as a necessary consequence, the benefit of its professors,
EDINBURGH. the Council feel it to be their duty to press on the attention of the members at large, the propriety of adopting such plans, and commencing such operations, as may be calcula.
Monday, January 3, 1831. ted to lead to the gradual attainment of their ultimate views.
Dr Hope in the Chair. They would therefore suggest, that every effort should be made in order to procure permanent rooms in a central situ- Present,- Professors Russel, Hope, Christison, and ation, as without these their exhibitions must be conducted Graham; Drs Gregory, Campbell, Gordon, Lee, Macunder great disadvantages, and the works of art which they Lagan, Borthwick, Knox, Ainslie, Bougou; Captain may gradually accumulate, be in a great measure lost to Hunter; Messrs Skene, Robinson, Neill, Jardine, those for whose benefit they are principally intended.
Stevenson, &c. “ The Council conceive that the success of the Academy must ultimately depend upon rallying around it the rising
De Christison read a communication from Dr Duncan, talent and genius of the country, in the different depart of a series of experiments made by a gentleman to relieve a ments of art. In order to accomplish this, some advantages supposed aneurism of the pulmonary artery, particularly by must be held out by the Academy to those who are entering the injection into the chest of a quantity of air, with comon their career as artists. The Council are of opinion that ments on the documents, by Dr Duncan. The tube and arrangements should be made, with as little delay as pos- bladder by which the air was injected were exbibited to the sible, to afford instruction in the rudiments of art within the Society. walls of the Academy, on such terms as may tend to foster
A paper was read from Dr Berry, containing a detailed and encourage rising merit.
account of the monsoons of the Indian peninsula. The “ The Council consider it unnecessary to enter further reading of the latter part of this paper was delayed till a into detail at present; it is sufficient that ihey have directed future meeting. the attention of the Academy to subjects of the urmost importance, on which its usefulness and stability must mainly depend. « It cannot be too deeply impressed on the minds of all,
THE LONDON DRAMA. that the great work which has been undertaken and successfully commenced, will require the unremitted exertions
Regent's Park, London, of many years to bring it to a successful issue.
Jan. 3, 1831. “If, however, the Academy keep steadily in view the purposes contemplated in its formation, the Council feel Most deeply do we regret, and as deeply will the ten perfectly assured that it will, at no distant period, occupy thousand readers of the EDINBURGH LITERARY Journal an honourable station among similar establishments, and sympathise in our disappointment, that we have not will contribute not less to the credit and interest of its mem- now leisure to enter upon a disquisition into the causes bers, than to the advancement and reputation of the Fine of the decline and fall of modern Pantomime; and thus, Arts in Scotland. GEORGE Watson, President."
having ascertained the real grounds of the evil, at once We are glad to understand that the Exhibition to be prescribe a remedy. Whether the march of intellect opened in February, is likely to be one of the best we have not yet marched in that direction; or whether, to have yet had in Edinburgh, and that no pains have been preserve Philosopher Square's “ moral fitness of things,” spared to render it in all respects worthy of public patron- the avowed degeneracy of the age bave extended itself to age.
the concocters of Pantomimes, we cannot (alas! the more's Martin's picture of the Fall of Nineveh is at present the pity) now pause to enquire. We can assert only, exhibiting in the Calton Convening Room. It strikes that these things are so; that “the days which made us as one of the very worst of all Martin's pictures, and our annals bright" with the by-gone glories of “ Mother this is saying a good deal. It is little better than a great Goose” and “ Harlequin's Almanack," seem fled for ever; blotch, in which there is neither meaning, art, nor beauty. and recollecting this, The first principle upon which all paintings ought to be
“ We cannot but remember such things were, founded—that of concentration, or of making the indi.
And were most dear to us !” vidual parts subservient to the grand design of the whole -is in general entirely lost sight of by Martin, and in The Pantomimes of the present season are not only a the present instance most especially. The work is all a step lower in the scale of excellence to those of last year, piece of huddle. The black and red skies look like a but the Drury Lane exhibition is positively a very trifle, mixture of Warren's blacking and brick-dust; the build the introduction at least, better than that of Covent ings and pillars are heaped together in most unearthly Garden, though bad is the best, and those of some of the shapes and magnitudes; and the great dense masses of minor houses are far preferable to either. Mr Farley people, crammed into the middle distance, are nearly must surely be in his dotage ; bis opening story is neias preposterous as the figures which fill up the fore- ther well chosen, nor well made out, and Power's talents ground, the drawing and colouring of which would in Rhadamisthus O'Mullingar (for the name has been disgrace the veriest tyro. We speak strongly; but we changed since we wrote last) are completely thrown do so because we are conscientiously of opinion that Mar- away. Rubbing Pantaloon’s back à la singeing Long, tin's genius is a humbug; or, at best, that he is a man of whose real name, we may take this opportunity of inone idea, with little or no knowledge of art, save in so forming our friends, is O'Driscoll—“Heaven save the far as regards perspective, and with no appreciation what- mark !”—and the loss of that most “ splendid annual" ever of the calm and beautiful sublimity of nature, unex- the Lord Mayor's show in a dense fog, are the most palaggerated and unbedaubed.
pable hits in the piece. In fact, we can praise nothing Greenshields' statue of Robert Burns is clever enough. unreservedly but the scenery, and most of that, partiHe does not give quite so much life to his figures as cularly the Giant's Causeway, O’Roork's Castle, the Thom does, but he has fully more delicate perceptions of Menai Bridge, and the intended Guildhall Festival, by form. The statue is after the portrait recently published Grieve; and the Lakes of Killarney, and two other Irish by Messrs Constable and Co. As a piece of sculpture, Lakes by Roberts, are sufficiently excellent to atone for it is not to be spoken of at all, for it does not in the all the defects of the authorship; and higher praise it is slightest degree come within the high and severe rules of impossible to give them. that art; but as a likeness in stone of the person whom On Saturday night last, however, Mr Power made