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of the age.

minative, and cheap selection of the classical literature parative indifference. All that we want is a collection of of France. We know that we have long felt the want French literature, copious enough, and selected with suffiof something of this kind. We are glad also, in our ca- cient judgment, to furnish uswith a just notion of the spipacity of critics, that it has been set on foot, for it will rit, tendency, and extent of the nation's intellectual serve as an apology for submitting to our readers, at in- wealth. The good sense and taste indicated in the pretervals, a series of essays on the principal French authors. liminary notices attached to the volumes now on our table Our ofhce in the critical department of the Journal is to augur well. The book is elegantly printed--a pure text serve as a sort of catalogue raisonné to the multifarious pub- bas been selected, and rigidly adhered to—and, best of all, lications which are now issuing from the press. We are, as few notes and comments are to be appe as possible. like Ariadne's clew, of use to guide the distracted student “ Though last, not least” important, the publication is amid their labyrinthine variety. We serve also, if it be incredibly cheap. allowable to change the metaphor, as an excitement to stimulate bim to keep pace with the swift-footed intellect But in occasionally calling upon him to

GLASGOW PUBLICATIONS. take a retrospect of what has been done in times past, we do not assume an alien duty. In the active business of The Life of Thomas Muir, Esq., Advocate ; with a full life, men are but too :pt to attribute an undue importance

Report of his Trial. By Peter Mackenzie. 8vo.

Pp. 160 Glasgow: M‘Phun. London : Simpkin to the workings of themselves and associates. They forget

and Marshall. 1831. that their momentary existence and limited spbereof action, A Vision of Hell. A Poem. Post 8vo. Pp. 165. are but as drops in the wide oceans of space and eternity.

Glasgow: John Reid. Edinburgh: Henry Constable. And thus it is in literature also. He who is acquainted

1831. only with the literature of his own times, is apt to con

Necropolis Glasguensis ; with Observations on Ancient tract habits of overweening conceit. It is good for us at

and Modern Tombs and Sepultures. By John Strang. times to look back upon the works of the master spirits

8vo. Pp. 72. Glasgow. Atkinson and Co. 1831. who have gone before us. In a particular manner are we inclined to attribute importance to retrospects of French Select Views of the Lakes of Scotland, from Original literature the most peculiar and not the least valuable

Paintings, by John Fleming, Engraved by John Swan ;

with Historical and Descriptive Ilustrations. By John which time has bequeathed to us

M. Leighton. 4to. Parts I., II., and III. Glas. We do not, however, propose entering upon this task

gow: Joseph Swan,

London: Moon, Boys, and to-day. As soon as Messrs Treuttel and Würtz have fur

Graves. 1831. nished us with the whole works of Molière we shall Sketch of the Origin and Progress of the Literary, and commence our remarks upon him, and shall afterwards

Commercial Society of Glasgow, with a Proposal and take up his countrymen as the successive numbers of this

Plans for the Publication of a Portion of its Transacinteresting miscellany furnish occasion. It will be with

tions. By Thomas Atkinson. (Printed for private us a labour of love, and it is one not uncalled for at a

circulation.) Glasgow. 1831. time when it is the fashion to speak slightingly of the classics of France-a fashion which betrays at once gross We love our good city of Glasgow. Standing (in imaignorance and presumption. We confine ourselves for gination) beneath Knox's Monument, and piercing the this time, however, to an analysis of the plan of the work dense cloud of smoke which wraps in a mystic obscurity which has suggested this undertaking on our part. the thronged dwellings stretching along the Clyde, on

It is proposed to give the entire works of Molière, Ra- either side of the “ Brown Mollendinar,”—up the river cine, and Boileau--of the two former as the most cha- till they are lost in the land of colliers, or downward, over racteristic of the French drama-of the latter as legislator the undulating surface of Blytheswood Hill, towards the of French criticism, of the remaining authors it is in- Kelvin-We embrace its wbole population in our capatended to give merely a selection of their best works. The cious heart. Casting a lingering glance at the majestic publishers seem to have been led to adopt this resolution, Cathedral, we pass down the High Street, take a peep at chiefly by the consideration that the works of some of the massive front of the College, and its shamefully curthese authors were too voluminous to admit of an entire tailed garden, take a turn along the Trongate, and down reprint in a publication like theirs, or that some of their the “ Saltmarket.” To the stranger, who visits Glasgow works were, from their subjects, foreigu to a collection of for the first time, we recommend this route, if he be one general literature. They insinuate, also, that they have who loves to trace the remnants of gone days. It brings been moved in part by a feeling that some of them were him in contact with a narrow strip of old Glasgow, in the habit of repeating their good things, at least of venerable from the dark hue of the walls, and the rewriting in a less varied spirit.

mains of solid beavy masonry, living on like some gallant The collection commences with the French Theatre.

veteran amid a new generation. On one side of it we Molière, as the reader already knows, leads off the dance : have princely streets and squares—on the other, the to bim succeed Corneille, Racine, and Voltaire. Boileau meagre modern squalor of St John's parish ; but this follows close upon the dramatists. Then come, we be- land of our love this little Goshen in the great Egypt lieve, the Henriade of Voltaire, the sublime lyrics of J. of modern Glasgow-looks as if Bailie Nicol Jarvie's eye B. Rousseau, the playful, graceful tales of Lafontaine. had rested upon it with a love which conferred immorThe Thoughts of Pascal, the Maxims of Rochefoucauld, tality. and Characteristics of La Bruyère, form one rich and Glasgow has deserved well of the literature of our varied volume. -Telemachus comes next ; then Bossuet's country. Within the walls of her university, Reid, Smith, Discourse on Universal History; then the Petit-Caréme Millar, Black, Young, Jardine, Thomson, and Hooker, of Massillon. A large selection of the works of Montes- have infused their own bold spirit of research into sucquieu is next to appear.

This is followed by the best cessive generations. Under their tuition have been philosophical works of Voltaire, and these by his romances evolved the talents of many, the noblest names of living and moral tales. The Romances of Le Sage conclude the literature. It was in Glasgow that the brothers Foulis list as it at present lies before us.

placed British typography on a par with that of the ElzeIt will appear from this detailed arrangement, that virs. We do not stop to enumerate the many associations when an author has excelled in more than one species of for promoting art and literature which have risen and sunk composition, his different productions are to be arranged in that city, leaving, in many instances, no name behind in the Library under the classes to which they respect them, but all helping to disseminate the seeds of thought. ively belong. The principle of arrangement and selection We confine ourselves at present to the Andersonian Uniupon which the Editor's proceed, is to us a matter of com- versity--an institution which has done much good, an! will do more—the Maitland Club, the promising younger generous feeling and careful research—but the style is brother of the Bannatyne!--and the spirited association of juvenile, and too ambitious. gentlemen for encouraging art. There is a sound and A Vision or HELL.- There is bad taste in the title. healthy spirit awake in Glasgow. Let the citizens look It is meant to be striking, and is only puerile. The to it that they cherish it. There is a tendency in genius poem consists of two parts :- Tartarus in nine, and and refinement of every kind to concentrate towards the Elysium in seven cantos. It is composed in blank verse, capital—and it is the duty of us provincials to beware which is never very musical, and is sometimes very lame. that we do not remain sluggish and inert after the ab- | Tartarus is extremely insipid. Elysium is better ; but straction. No nation can prosper where the metropolis all that can be said for it is, that it contains reminiscences engrosses all the intellectual energy. There must be a of classical literature, elegantly, but rather tamely, exsoul in every department of the body politic.

pressed. The author is a scholar and a man of taste, but We have been led to indulge in these remarks by ha- we rather fear he is no poet. ving our attention casually attracted to the number of NECROPOLIS GLASGUENSIS. - This is an elegant and Glasgow publications which are this week upon our table. pleasing work. We heartily approve of the sentiments It has occurred to us, that by bringing them collectively expressed by the author, and the end which he seeks to under the reader's notice, we may give a more just notion promote. It appears to us, however, that he indulges of the literary activity of that city, than by scattering occasionally in some notions which are, to say the least, them among the other books which are at present wait a little fantastic, and occasionally in an unnecessary ing for judgment. It is not necessary for establishing parade of his extensive reading. His object is to get the character of their birthplace, that any one of these the piece of enclosed ground within which Knox's moworks should be of first-rate eminence in its department. nument is erected, the declivity of the Mollendinar glen, in In an age like ours, when every thing is published, it is short, opposite to the Cathedral, converted into a public sufficient that we see the spirit busy. The fate of by far cemetery, and laid out with some attention to ornament. the major number of publications is necessarily to pass We heartily concur in his remarks upon the general away and be forgotten. They have done important beastly state of our Scotch burial-grounds. The Macservice, if, during their brief existence, they have set one larties are in the process of being driven from the abodes mind a-thinking. It is only the giants of literature who of the living, but they still reign lords paramount of the can stem that sweeping torrent which bears down so mansions of the dead. We concur also in the opinions much, both of good and bad, to oblivion.

he expresses regarding the beneficial tendency of habituaHaving brought our long preamble to a close, we pro- ting a people to feel a pride and pleasure in ornamenting ceed to examine the works enumerated at the commence- the graves of their lost ones ; with this restriction, that it ment of this paper.

be not carried to the finical and maudlin excess of his and The Life of Thomas Muir. - This is a book which Lady Morgan's favourite cemetery of Père la Chasse. That we cannot read without blushing. The date of Muir's is tainted with the very coquetry of sentiment. It is a fit trial is the year 1793—not forty years back; and yet the rendezvous for dames of Ephesus. How much more touchproceedings would have disgraced the times of Cardinal ing the unstudied elegance of a Swiss grave-yard! We Beaton. Thomas Muir, a man of the strictest probity know one place of sepulture, even in Scotland, which seems and deep religious feelings,—a man of good family and specially consecrated to the spirit of beauty. It is that of highly educated—was tried for sedition before the Court the little parish of Senwick, in Galloway, now merged of Justiciary. He and his witnesses were browbeat by with two others into one larger cure. The church is no the judges in a manner as inhuman as it was illegal. longer used, and has been allowed to go to ruin. The Gentlemen were allowed to sit upon the jury, who were burying-ground is bounded by two gentle ascents—that members of an association for the prosecution of all per. to the north is wooded-which commencing their rise sons guilty of such practices as he was accused of. The from its walls, effectually shut it out from the view counsel for the crown, contrary to the law of Scotland, even of the nearest dwelling-houses. The third side led evidence to establish criminal acts not included in the runs along the summit of a precipice which sinks down indictment, and evidence which is not held admissible in abruptly to the waters of a secluded bay, formed by the our courts. It appeared on the trial, that attempts had embouchure of the Dee. The graves, the ruins of the been made to suborn witnesses. And yet the only fact church, the debris which lie in strange confusion, or proved against Mr Muir was, that he had advocated at shoot up in tall obelisks at the foot of the precipice, are public meetings a constitutional reform, less sweeping than mantled with ivy. The quiet nook is almost overgrown that now submitted to Parliament by the ministers of with wild briers and the stunted hawthorn, which seems the crown, in terms as moderate as are used by many to shoot up spontaneously over the whole south of Scotwho oppose that measure. This is not recognised as a land. The vegetation is plentiful, but, owing to the crime by any law of this country; yet for this was Muir shallowness of the soil, not unduly luxuriant. The last sentenced to fourteen years' transportation to Botany Bay. time we visited the spot, was on one of those still grey He was conveyed to the scene of punishment, manacled, autumnal days so frequent in our climate. The foliage and in company with felons of the lowest class. He was was rich with all the varied dyes of the season. From enabled, by the assistance of some American gentlemen, the scarlet haw, and the still richer scarlet leaf of the to make his escape ; but was shipwrecked near Nootka crane-bill, (geranium pusillum,) to the funereal green of Sound. He remained a few weeks among the Indians, the ivy, there was a continuous chain of connecting tints, then travelled alone to the Spanish colonies, was there beautifully and variously mingled. All was silence save thrown into prison, and finally sent to Europe. The for the occasional cawing of a stray rook. Man and his vessel which carried him was attacked by a British doings were only to be seen far away over the motionless frigate; he was wounded incurably, and died not long water, which glimmered dimly through the thick atmoafterwards at Paris. We offer no comments upon these sphere. There were traces of humanity around, but they simple facts. They furnish a fearful picture of what were consecrated to death ; and moreover, atrocities party spirit and political bigotry can impel men

Dying insensibly away to perpetrate. At a moment of excitement like the present, we should have hesitated to revive the recollection

From human thoughts and purposes, of them, but for their dreadful warning. Muir was an

The building seems, wall, roof, and tower, innocent and murdered man, and for the wealth of

To bow to some transforming power, worlds would we not incur the responsibility of his per

And blend with the surrounding trees. secutors. “In the hour of death and the day of judgment, True ornament must be based on nature and necessity. God will remember them.” Mr Mackenzie's work evinces | It is no fabled bird of paradise floating for ever on the atmosphere, at each new flight it must spring again from department of the community, have attracted the eulogies some resting-place. Let the author of the book, which of all whose commendation is desirable. has suggested these remarks, qualify his enthusiasm with But while such is the general sentiment in regard to this recollection, and persevere in his good task. There tbls body in its present state, there is reason to fear, that are only three means of attaining his end. The first is, prejudices still exist in the minds of not a few as to some Agitation; the second, Agitation; the third, Agitation. of its founders. They are spoken of as good men, but as

Swan's SELECT Views OF THE LAKES OF SCOTLAND. turbulent and fanatical ; their zeal is considered as by We have for some time had our eye upon Mr Swan, as far too vehement for its object; and their aim, notwithone of the most accurate and elegant, if not indeed the standing their high professions of entire devotedness to the mest accurate and elegant engraver of botanical drawings glory of God, is asserted to have been the attainment of in Scotland. We have also traced with sincere pleasure popular influence, or the gratification of party feeling. bis gradual rise in a higher department of his art—land- Nothing can be better adapted to remove these prejudices, scape engraving. We can trace his progressive improve- as far as they regard Ebenezer Erskine, whose character ment even in the work before us, the third part of which has been principally affected by them, than the volume is immeasurably superior to its predecessors. The other before us, which is a well-written performance, and retwo were more than respectable, but this is elegant. markable for its calm, judicious, and charitable spirit. We Messrs Fleming and Swan have now presented us with here see him acting under the strongest convictions of duty, views of the interminable Loch Lomond, in all its vary- happiest in the tranquil scenes of the pastoral functions, ing aspects. They have penetrated into Perthshire, and and walking humbly with God in the sequestered spot led us through the wild magniticence of Loch Katrine ; where a great part of his life was spent. A Diary, round the lonely shores of Loch Auchray, which, in its written by himself in a peculiar kind of short band, has şurpassing gentleness, lies girdled round by stern, stony been deciphered with great labour, and has contributed to mountains, like some feudal beauty, guarded by the rude enrich the work. In it we see, not the zealot, but the forms and faces, but faithful hearts of her father's retain- man of God; not envy working, nor revenge plotting ; ers; up to Loch Venachoir, fair to the eye, but beneath but contrition weeping in secret places, faith embracing whose specious surface dwells the dread Water-Horse. the promises, and love and joy delighting themselves in Mr Swan's style of engraving is still, if any thing, rather God. Many affecting incidents in his family and neightoo timid and anxious—his lights and shadows are apt to bourhood are here alluded to, and the workings of his mind want breadth, and do not fade into each other with suffi- respecting them are depicted with every symptom of sin. cient softness. Notwithstanding these drawbacks, (for cerity. which we suspect the painter is in part to blame,) Mr To the adherents to the Secession this work will be Swan already stands high as an engraver, and may stand peculiarly interesting ; but the good of other parties will still higher if he do himself justice.

read it with pleasure, as a book which shows the influSKETCH of the LITERARY AND COMMERCIAL SOCIETY ence of Christian principle to support and invigorate the of Glasgow,- We notice this brochure by our indefati- mind, and the power of devotion working in sorrow and gable and talented friend Atkinson, merely as an excuse reproach, in suffering and death. It contains, besides for adverting to the existence of a society which has held the incidents connected with the rise of the Secession, the noiseless tenor of its way in Glasgow since 1806, and many interesting particulars on the state of the Church yet has witnessed the developement of more talent than of Scotland in the beginning of the last century; the many which make a noise in the world. It has been rebellion in 1715 and 1745; and striking anecdotes graced with the co-operation of a Campbell and a Mylne. respecting individuals. Of the latter, we present our It was to it that Dr Chalmers first expressed his views readers with one as a specimen, in which Mr Erskine of the Cause and Cure of Pauperism. Mr Owen, too is a chief actor, and we are sorry our limits will not although this be more a matter of curiosity than import- permit us to give more. ance—first expounded his system within its walls. Many “ At one time, after travelling, towards the end of the others might be mentioned.

week, from Portmoak to the banks of the Forth, on his We have now gone over our last importations from way to Edinburgh, he, with several others, was prevented Glasgow, and when we add that they are merely a fair by a storm from crossing that frith. Thus obliged to reaverage specimen of its literary labours, we are sure that main in Fife during the Sabbath, he was employed to the reader will agree with us that there is a good spirit preach, it is believed, in Kinghorn. Conformably to his at work in that great community, which cannot fail to divine countenance and aid in the work of the day; but

usual practice, he prayed earnestly in the morning for the bring forth good fruit.

suddenly missing his note-book, he knew not what to do. His thoughts, however, were directed to that command,

• Thou sbalt not kill ;' and having studied the subject with Life and Diary of the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine, Father of as much care as the time would permit, he delivered a short the Secession Church. By the Rev. Donald Fraser. returned to his lodging, he gave strict injunctions to the

sermon on it in the forenoon after the lecture. Having 12mo. Pp. 543. Edinburgh. William Oliphant. servant that no one should be allowed to see him during 1831.

the interval of worship. A stranger, however, who was

also one of the persons detained by the state of the weather, The liberal feeling of the present day is one of its many expressed an earnest desire to see the minister; and having gratifying characters; the fury of contending parties in with difficulty obtained admittance, appeared much agitathe church of God has passed away; a wise and good ted, and asked him, with great eagerness, whether he knew man is now respected as he deserves, whatever is the de- bim, or had ever seen or heard of him. On receiving assunomination he bears; and he who should apply to any rance that he was totally unacquainted with his face, chaindividual, or assembly, the terms of abuse once common bis sermon on the sixth command had reached his con

racter, and history, the gentleman proceeded to state that in disputes, would be laughed at as the dupe of antiqua- science; that he was a murderer ; that, being the second ted prejudice, or abhorred as the slave of a rancorous son of a Highland laird, he had some time before, from base bigotry. These remarks are especially applicable to the and selfish motives, cruelly suffocated his elder brother, who change in public feeling towards the Secession. The slept in the same bed with him; and that now he had no number, general intelligence, and pious habits of its ad- peace of mind, and wished to surrender himself to justice, berents, and the prominent place which they have taken to suffer the punishment due to his horrid and unnatural

crime. Mr Erskine asked him if any other person knew in all measures of holy utility, have raised them to a due any thing of his guilt. His answer was, that, so far as be place in public estimation : while the education and

was aware, not a single individual had the least suspicion talents, the diligence and fidelity of their pastors, and of it; on which the good man exhorted him to be deeply their influence in maintaining peace and order in a large affected with a sense of his atrocious sin, to make an iminediate application to the blood of sprinkling, and to bring consist are before us. Wilson, like Audubon, is identified forth fruits meet for repentance ; bat, at the same time, with his writings. At present we can only remark, that the since, in Providence, his crime had hitherto remained a

birds described in this work have been classified by the secret, not to disclose it, or give himself up to public justice. learned editor, according to the most approved system of The unhappy gentleman embraced this well-intended coun

arrangement. The bulk of the notes has been reserved sel in all its parts, became truly pious, and maintained a friendly correspondence with this servant of the Most for the concluding volume. It is enough to say that they High God' in future life. It is added, that after he with- are to be furnished by him who first created the study of drew, the minister had the happiness to recover the manu- natural history in Edinburgh. But we have been farscript formerly missing; and, in consequence, preached in ther given to understand, that it is Professor Jameson's the afternoon on the topic he had originally in view."

intention to add an appendix of the arctic birds of AmeIt may be thought by some that the advice was too rica, the materials for which have been chiefly furnished lenient, and that such a monster should not have been by the enterprising discoverer, and distinguished naturalsuffered to live to enjoy the fruits of his villainy; but if | ist, Dr Richardson. As a matter of course, the professor he was a sincere penitent, his crime would be ever before will avail himself of the valuable contributions of the him in the deepest anguish; and if this was only a tem- Prince of Musignano to the Italian journals, as far as they porary awakening of terror and remorse, Providence bear upon his subject. would, in some other way, make his sin to find bim out. We present our readers with a few extracts, which are

The extracts from the Diary will be pleasing to pious submitted to them simply as specimens of Wilson's style. readers. It shows the delight which Mr Erskine felt The first leaves a favourable impression of his powers of in prayer, and how he was tried with that bitterness of describing natural scenery. heart under which true Christians often groan. We Though generally dissuaded from venturing by myself must own, however, that there are some passages in it on so long a voyage down the Ohio io an open skiff, I which strike us as too familiar for the public eye ; and considered this mode, with all its inconveniences, as the as likely to strengthen the objections of many against the

most favourable to my researches, and the most suitable to publication of such writings. Mr Erskine's writing it

my funds; and I determined accordingly. Two days before in short hand, and his discontinuing it during the most

my departure, the Alleg bany river was one wide torrent of

broken ice, and I calculated on experiencing considerable important and busy period of his life, seem to intimate difficulties on this score. My stock of provisions consisted that he had lost those impressions of the utility of the of some biscuit and cheese, and a bottle of cordial, presented practice which he once had. It is plain, from its whole me by a gentleman of Pittsburg; my gun, trunk, and strain, that the idea of its being published never once

great coat, occupied one end of the boat; I had a small ting entered his mind. It is said, that to the pure all things are

occasionally to bale ber, and to take my beverage from the pure; but what is published is laid open to the inspection Pitt, I launched into the stream, and soon winded away

Ohio with; and, bidding adieu to the smoky contines of of all; and it is easy to judge what unhappy effects, on

among the hills that everywhere enclose this noble river. some classes, the indiscreet disclosure of the secret con- The weather was warm and serene, and the river, like a fessions, and fears, and struggles of good men may have. mirror, except where floating masses of ice spotted its surIt will make many attach the idea of sullenness to men face, and which required some care to steer clear of'; but they were accustomed to venerate; and of gloom and these, to my surprise, in less than a day's sailing, totally terror to a religious course, whose ways they have been tion, 'I felt my heart expand with joy at the novelties which

disappeared. Far from being concerned at my new situatold are ways of pleasantness. We wish the editor had woven the most interesting of the red bird on the banks as I passed, and contemplatel

surrounded me; I listened with pleasure to the whistling passages of this Diary into the narrative, as illustrations the forest scenery, as it receded, with increasing delights of particular scenes or virtues. Thus the feeling of dull-The smoke of the numerous sugar camps, rising lazily ness and sameness, which is apt to be excited by frequently among the mountains, gave great effect to the varying landrecurring extracts, would have been avoided; and thus scape; and the grotesque log cabins, that here and there Mr Erskine would have been presented to us in a way houses by the sublimity of the impending mountains. If more vivid, and what he did to men would have been shown in connexion with his purposes before God. Upon hills, whose irregular suinmits are seldom more than three

you suppose to yourself two parallel ranges of forest-covered the whole, we consider this book as a respectable piece of or four miles apart, winding through an immense extent biography. The style is clear and correct, the reflections of country, and enclosing a river half a mile wide, which are judicious and appropriate, and the good sense and alternately washes the steep declivity on one side, and leaves candour of the writer are everywhere apparent.

a rich forest-clad bottom on the other, of a mile or so in breadth, you will have a pretty correct idea of the appear

ance of the Ohio. The banks of these rich flats are from American Ornithology; or, the Natural History of the twenty to sixty and eighty feet high; and even these last Birds of the United States. By Alexander Wilson

were within a few feet of being overflowed in December,

1808." and Charles Lucian Bonaparte. Edited by Robert Jameson, Professor of Natural History in the Univer- There is great beauty in his description of a species sity of Edinburgh. In four Volumes. Vol. I. (Con- owl-particularly where he speaks of its manner of flight. stable's Miscellany, Vol. LXVIII.) Edinburgh. 1831. “ The bird which I am about to describe was taken in

We last week introduced to the British public the this situation, and presented to me by a friend. I kept it Ornithological Biography of the enthusiastic Audubon. in the room beside me for some time, during which its And, thanks to the oldest and best beloved of our mis usual position was such as I have given it. Its eyelids were cellanies, we have now an opportunity of drawing atten- ting, as if suffering from the glare of day; but no Sooper

either halt

' shut, or slowly and alternately opening and shuttion to his master the first who devoted his life to the illustration of American ornithology. Much has been and animated ; its full and globular eyes shone like those of added to our knowledge in that department since Wilson's a cat; and it often lowered its bead, in the manner of a cock death, but no one individual has yet furnished the tithe when preparing to fight, moving it from side to side, and of the amount of his contributions. And for accuracy also vertically, as if reconnoitring you with great sharpness. of observation, and lively sense of the poetry of nature, with the silence of a spirit, (if I may be allowed the folder

In flying through the room, it shifted from place to place we question if even Audubon equals him. merit of the Prince of Musignano consists in his enlight- and soft'as to occasion little or no friction with the air

pression,) the plumage of its wings being su extremely fiue ened love and liberal patronage of science. We postpone all detailed criticism of Hetherington's ele- enable thein, without giving alarm, to seize their prey in

wise provision of nature, bestowed on the whole genus, to gant and interesting biography of Wilson, and also of his the night. For an hour or two in the eveuing, and about writings, until the four volumes of which this work is to break of day, it flew about with great activity. When

of

The great

angry, it snapped its bill repeatedly with violence, and so thus rendered independent of illustrations, by the opporloud as to be heard in the adjoining room, swelling out its tunities afforded of consulting stuffed specimens. eyes to their fall dimensions, and lowering its head as before described. It swallowed its food hastily, in large mouthfuls; and never was observed to drink.'

Memoir relative to Itinerating Libraries. By the Rev. The following passage is lively and amusing :

William Brown. Edinburgh. 1831. “ Crows have been employed to catch crows by the fol- Fourteen years ago, a scheme was commenced by Mr lowing stratagem: A live crow is pinned by the wings | Samuel Brown of Haddington, for supplying the county down to the ground on his back, by means of two sharp, of East Lothian with as many libraries as might suffice forked sticks. Thus situated, bis cries are loud and inces for the whole population : sixty libraries, it was reckonsant, particularly if any other crows are within view, ed, would complete the object, and when properly distri. These, sweeping down about him, are instantly grappled by the prostrate prisoner, by the same instinctive impulse buted, leave no individual more remote than one mile and that urges a drowning person to grasp at every thing within a half. Each library was to consist of 50 volumes; and his reach. Having disengaged the game froin his Clutches, though “ the primary object was to promote the interests the trap is again ready for another experiment; and hy pin- of religion, and a large proportion of the books was acning down each captive, successively, as soon as taken, in a cordingly of a religious character, yet there has also been short time you will probably have a large fock screaming a considerable proportion of history, biography, travels, above you, in concert with the outrageous prisoners below. and popular works on the arts and sciences.” Mr Brown Many farmers, however, are content with hanging up the skins, or dead carcasses, of crows in their corn fields, in has since proceeded in this benevolent design steadily and terrorem ; others depend altogether on the gun, keeping one with unceasing success. We are told in this Memoir by of their people supplied with ammunition, and constantly his brother, that forty of the libraries have now been on the look-out. In hard winters, the crows suffer severely; established only twenty being wanted for the comso that they have been observed to fall down in the tields, plement to East Lothian. The expense of each, incluand on the roads, exhausted with cold and hunger. In one ding book-case, catalogue, and issuing-books, appears to of these winters, and during a long-continued deep snow, have been betwixt L. 10 and L. 12; and the whole amount more than six hundred crows were shot on the carcass of a dead horse, which was placed at a proper distance from the has been raised by subscription. Can it be doubted that stable, from a hole of which the discharges were made. this is a precious gift to a peasantry naturally thoughtful, The premiums awarded for these, with the price paid for prepared for knowledge by this, and eager to turn it to the quills, produced nearly as much as the original value of account by achieving such a portion of worldly comforts the horse, besides, as the man himself assured me, saving as may somewhat correspond to the desires that are insefeathers sufficient for filling a bed. “ The crow is easily raised and domesticated; and it is is a philanthropist of the true stamp? His path is one of

parable from intelligence? Can it be doubted that here only when thus rendered unsuspicious of, and placed on terms of familiarity with, man, that the true traits of his novelty ; but invention implies heat; and here it can be genius and native disposition fully develope themselves. In no other than the heat of benevolence. this state he soon learns to distinguish all the members of There are two features in the scheme that distinthe family; flies towards the gate, screaming, at the ap- guish it from one merely employed in the raising of chaproach of a stranger; learns to open the door by alighting ritable funds, and the conversion of money into books, on the latch ; attends regularly at the stated hours of din- and a plan of library issues. First, the libraries are to ner and breakfast, which he appears punctually to recollect; itinerate ; each remains at one station for a period of two is extremely noisy and loquacious; imitates i he sound of various words pretty distinctly; is a great thief and hoarder years; and then gives place to another from a neighbourof curiosities, hiding in boles, corners, and crevices, every ing district. Some contrivance of the kind is obviously loose article he can carry off, particularly small pieces of requisite against the satiety incident to a small collection metal, corn, bread, and food of all kinds ; is fond of the of tifty volumes ; but it will require an unremitting susociety of his master, and will know him even after a long perintendence. Nert, the libraries have a principle of absence, of which the following is a remarkable instance, self-production, which is thus described in the Memoir : and may be relied on as a fact : A very worthy gentleman, “ It is proposed to issue the books the first year that a the time alluded iv, resided on the Delaware, a few miles division is to take place, at the rate of a peuny a-volume; below Easton, had raised a crow, with whose tricks and but as a subscription, however small, might essentially society he used frequently to amuse himself. This crow impede the success of the scheme, and as it is of immense lived long in the family; but at length disappeared, having, consequence to bring the books within the reach of the as was then supposed, been shot by some vagrant gunner, or whole population, particularly the young, they will be destroyed by accident. About eleven months after this, as issued gratuitously the second year. By such a system, the gentleman, one morning, in company with several combined with the plan of lending out the books when others, was standing on the river shore, a number of crows happening to pass by, one of them left the flock, and flying

new to subscribers of 5s., each division may on an avedirectly towards the company, alighted on the gentleman's rage be expected to produce 255. a-year, which, as the shoulder, and began to gabble away with great volubility, number of libraries increases, will prove the fruitful as one long absent friend naturally enough does on meeting parent of new libraries.” Some illustrations of this with another. On recovering from his surprise, the gen- principle are added in the Memoir : a capital of L.5000 tleman instantly recognised his old acquaintance, and en

with a return of 259. yearly on each library, deavoured, by several civil but sly maneuvres, to lay hold would in 50 years supply 990,152 libraries, in place of of him; but the crow, not altogether relishing quite so much

And in reference to counfamiliarity, having now had a taste of the sweets of liberty,

25,000 without the return. cautiously eluded all his attempts; and suddenly glancing ties, L.50 a-year would in 25 years give 702 libraries, or his eye on his distant companions, mounted in the air after one division of books to every 100 individuals, in a po. them, soon overtook and uningled with them, and was never pulation of 280,000. The Memoir is written not to exafterwards seen to return."

tol the author's brother, but to recommend the adoption The whole of Wilson's and Bonaparte's text, together of the plan in other counties. But the first requisite is to

excite the zeal of an individual ; and such a one, we fear, with the notes and additions of the editor, are comprised is not to be found in all counties as in East Lothian. The in four volumes of the Miscellany. This is a bargain. itinerating libraries are yet a solitary experiment in one The illustrations of the work are publishing (an entirely county ;-like that of the parallelograms in Lanark ;independent speculation) in a neat form, and at a cheap though'unlike the latter, they are unassailable by any rate, by Captain Brown. But we trust that some ar

reasonable objection. rangements are soon to be made, by which our College Maseum shall be opened to the public at large, at least to all who matriculate; and residenters in Edinburgh be

&-year',

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