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Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the Court
Por. Why, then thus it is:
Sby. O noble judge! O excellent young man!
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law
Sby. 'Tis very true. O wise and upright judge,
Por. Therefore lay bare your bosom.
Shy. Ay, his breast
Por. It is so. Are there scales, to weigh the flesh?
Pór. Have by some surgeon, Shylock on your charge, To stop his wounds, left he should bleed to death.
Shy. "Is it so nominated in the bond ?
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond.
Ant. But little: I am arm’d, and well prepar’d.
well! Grieve not, that I am fall'n to this for you; For herein fortune shews her self more kind, Than is her custom. It is still her use, To let the wretched man out-live his wealth, To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow, An age of poverty : From which ling’ring penance Of such a misery doth the cut me off. Commend me to your honourable wife; Tell her the process of Anthonio's end; Say, how I lov'd you ; speak me fair in death: And when the tale is told, bid her be judge, Whether Basanio had not once a love. Repent not you, that
shall lose your friend; And he repents not, that he pays your debtį For if the Jew do cut but deep enough,
I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
Ball. Anthonio, I am married to a wife,
Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for that,
Gra. I have a wife, whom, I proteft, I love; I would, she were in heaven, so the could Intreat some Pow'r to change this currish Jew.
Ner. 'Tis well, you offer it behind her back;
Shy. These be the christian husbands. I've a daughter;
Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is thine,
Shy. Most rightful judge !
Shy. Most learned judge! a sentence: come, prepare.
Por. Tarry a little, there is something else.
Gra. O upright judge! mark, Jew, O learned judge !
Por. Thy self shalt see the Act :
Gra. O learned judge ! mark, Jew, a learned judge!
Shy. I take this offer then, pay the bond thrice, And let the christian go.
Bal. Here is the mony.
Por. The Jew shall have all justice; soft! no haste; He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge !
Por. Therefore prepare thee to cut off the Aesh;
Gra. A second Daniel, a Daniel, Jew!
Por. Why doth the Jew pause? take the forfeiture.
Pôr. He hath refus'd it in the open Court;
Gra. A Daniel, ftill say I; a second Daniel ! I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word.
Shy. Shall I not barely have my principal ?
Por. Thou shalt have nothing but the forfeiture, To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it!
Por. Tarry, Jew.
That indirectly, and directly too,
Por. Ay, for the state; not for Anthonio.
Shy. Nay, take my life and all: pardon not th You take iny house, when you do take the prop That doth sustain my house: you take my life, When you do take the means whereby I live.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Anthonio? Gra. A halter gratis ; nothing else, for God's sake. Ant. So please my lord the Ďuke, (29) and all the
Court, (29) So please my Lord the Duke,] The Terms, which Antonio prescribes to be comply'd with by the Jew, have been reckon d intricate and corrupt; and a different Regulation has been advis'd : But, if I am not mistaken, they are to be thus understood. The Few had forfeited his whole Substance ; one Moiety thereof to go to the State, and the other to the Defendant. Antonio proposes, that the State should be content with fining him only that Moiety, which was confiscated to them; that, as to the Other, which Antonio equally might claim to himself ; he only desires to hold the Benefit, paying Interest for it to the Jew during his Life: and, apon the Jew's Demise, to have it immediately vested in his Son and Daughter. Nor does Antonio propose any Thing mean and ungenerous in this ; he quits that Right and Property, which the Law gave him, in the yew's Substance; and (with Regard to his own great Loffes,) is content to stand only as a Borrower of it, upon the general Foot of paying Interest: Nor are the Son and Daughter robb'd in This; since, setting aside Antonio's Claim by the Jew's Forfeiture, their Pretensions could not take place, till the Jew's Death: and He takes care, their reversionary Right in it should be secur’d by the Jew's recording a Deed of Gift to that Purpose.
To quit the fine for one half of his goods,
Duke. He shall do this, or else I do recant
Por. Art thou contented, Jew? what doft thou say?
Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence;
Duke. Get thee gone, but do it.
Gra. In christ’ning thou shalt have two godfathers. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten more, (30) To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
thou should'st have had ten more,] i. e. a Jury of Twelve Men, to condemn thee to be hang’d. So, in Measure for Meafure,
I not deny,
That Justice seizes on. The Scenes of these two Plays are respectively laid in Venice and Vienna; and yet ’tis observable, in Both the Poet alludes to the Custom of sentencing by Juries, as in England. This is not to be imputed to him as Ignorance : The Licence of the Stage has allow'd it, not only at home ; but likewise the Tragic and Comic Poets of Antiquity indulg'd themselves in transplanting their own Customs to other Nations. Æschylus, for Instance, in his Choephoræ, makes Ele&tra, who is in Argos, talk of the Customs us’d in Purifications, and prescrib'd by Law, as the Scho liaft observes, at Athens. Tšto meds To Top Asworois Go Epis
Adávnoi rónov. Sophocles, in his Laocoon, the Scenary of which is laid in Troy, talks of erecting Altars, and burning Incense before their Doors, as was practis'd on joyful Occasions at Athens : therein trans planting the Athenian Manners, as Harpocration has noted, to Tray. Me5