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CONSTITUTIONAL STATE CONVENTION.

Page.

Organization of Convention; Names of Officer*,

Names of Members ........ 561

Standing Committees 574

Preliminary Resolutions 574

Municipal Corporations.

Report thereon, by Mr. Murphy 599

"by Mr. Allen 609

Rights of Citizens.

Report upon, by Mr. Tallmadge 584

Local Taxation.

Resolution of enquiry, into by Mr. Morris 578

Debutes thereon, by 16 members 578 to 580

Double Taxation.

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Strong 580

Debate thereon by 8 members 580 to 581

Equalization of Taxation:

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Morris 578

Resolutions in relation thereto by Mr. Townsend

610 and 593

Debates thereon by 9 members 610

Taxation of Personal Property.

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy... 599
""" "Mr. Ruggles... 599

Debates thereon by 3 members 599

Royal Charters and Grants.

Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy.. 581

Debates thereon by 6 members 581

Titles to Bills and Acts.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Taggart... 585

Debates thereon by 7 members. 585

Royal Charters and Franchises.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy.. 581

Debates thereon by 2 members 581

NCtc- York Registry Law.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Tallmadge 596

Cities and Villages.
Resolution in relation thereto by Mr. Murphy.. 609
Remonstrances against making Stockholders in
Incorporated Companies liable personally—in
State Convention, presented by Mr. Allen and

Mr. Townsend 613

Judiciary.

Speech of Hon. James Tallmad ge.. 619 to 621 and 658
Education.

Speech of Hon. Solomon Townsend 621

Municipal Corporations.

Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy 574

Royal Grants and Franchises.

Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy 581

Royal Charters.

Speech of Hon H. C. Murphy 581 and 581

Corporations other than Banking and Municipal.

Report thereon 611

Speech of Hon. H. C. Murphy 611 and 612

Constitution

Constitution of 1847 625 to 628

Address of the Convention 629

Index to the Constitution four pages. 625

Remarks upon the Constitution 629 and 630

Miscellaneous.

The phrase " the majorpart of them." 608

A new court 608

Notice of the Constitution of 1847 and 1821... 609

Election of Judges 629. 562

Private responsibility clause in charters 613. 598

The State Constitution should provide in relation to

State Salines 562

Auction duties 608

Public Ferries, freedom of 562

Grave Yards 575

Amended Bills 577

Executive. Legislative and Judiciary powers... 562

Assessment abuses 575

For a council of the constitution for defining ex-
ecutive legislative and judiciary powers 561

List of members of the Council of Appointment,

from 1777 to 1822 758

United States Public Stocks, exempt from taxa-
tion by States and Corporations 681 and 69C

STATE LEGISLATURE.
Annual Tax Bill of 1846, and remarks thereon.. 553
Bill introduced into the House of Assembly of
this State by Mr. Stevenson to authorize a Con-
vention to amend the charter of the city of New-
York 553

Act authorizing a City Convention 556

Report made in the Senate of this State by Mr.
Porter, March 27, 1846, agaiust taxing non-resi-
dents. . .Remarks thereon 557

Wharf Tax, an attempt to authorize, by adding a

clause to a bill of another title 557

Taxation of Incorporated Companies, on their
actual capital, bill reported in the Senate by Mr.

Porter, Jan. 16, 1846 553

Publication of Journals of the Senate and Assem-
bly 585

Naturalization, in the olden times 583

Hasty executive acts 583

Names of the members of the State Senate for

1847 684

Standing Committees of the Senate for 1847... 684
Names of the members of Assembly for 1847. 684—5
Standing Committees of the House of Assembly,

for 1847 685

State officers 685

Officers of Assembly 685, 695

Officers of Senate 684

Taxation, report upon by Hon. Myndert Van

Schaick in the Senate in 1835 564 to 566

An act to abolish distress for rent, passed May

13, 1846 566

An act to equalize taxation, passed May 13,1846. 567

A bill concerning passengers.... 567

Prerogative of mercy 685

Legislative power 685

City Charter—extraordinary petition to the legis-
lature and remarks thereon 686

Remonstrances against the amendments of the

New-York City Charter 687

A bill to amend the amendments to the Charter

of the City of New-York 687-8

A bill in relation to the Seamen's fund and retreat
in the city of New-York, and to reduce and

equalize the tax on Seamen, 688

Speaker of the House of Assembly 695

Emigrant tax bill 696

New-York City Charter, second amendments

Assembly bill 132 697-8

Draft of Tax assessment law by the New-York

Corporation 698

Safety Fund General Banking Law, reported

by Mr. Hadley, in the House of Assembly..698-9
Draft of amendments to a City Charter by Hon.
Stephen Allen 595-6

Amended City Charter—letters from Hon. James
Tallmadge in relation to 695

Myndert Van Schaick's petition in relation to
City Charter 695

Report on petition of inhabitants of Hastings, Os-
wego county, for authority to overflow lands
belonging to a citizen by owners of a mill,
made in the Senate by Hon. A. C. Hand 760

Annual Tax Bill, 1847 759

Bill relative to expenses of incorporated compa-
nies 759

Bill to tax surplus capital 759

Inquisition Tax Bill 758

NEW-YORK CITY CONVENTION.

Names of members of city Convention 567

Amendmentsof City Charter adopted by the Con-
vention and rejected by the People 614 to 618

Address of the City Convention to the People.. 618

Remarks thereon and upon the amendments pro-
posed 618. 686 and 687

NEW YORK CITY CORPORATION.

Montgomery Charter, extracts from 563

Corporation Comptroller's report in relation to
the unlimited powers of the New-York City

Corporation 563

Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,

dated, New-York, May 6. 1728 556

Letter from Gov. Cosby to the Board of Trade,

Sept. 18, 1732, and Aug. 29, 1733 555, 556

Remarks thereon 555

Governor Cosby's letters to the Home Govern-
ment repudiating the New-York City Charter. 563

Remarks thereon 582, 657. 563

Mayor Havemeyer says petitions and Remon-
strances should be reported upon 563

Mayor Havemeyer's Veto of Resolution to open
a street through Triuity Church Yard, remarks

thereon 568

Expensesof Registry Law, remarks upon 596

New-York City Courts, remarks in relation to... 608
Assessors' valuation of Real Estate and Personal

Sroperty in the city of New-York 609
itrary and Inquisitorial Taxation, report of a
Special committee of Board of Assistants in

favor of 622

Remarks thereon 622-3

Draft of a Remonstrance of Chamber of Com-
merce agains a Wharf Tax 759

Draft of bills to alter the law for the assessment
and collection of Taxes; for collecting wharf-
age; and for a passenger lax, by the special
committee of the Board of Assistants, remarks

thereon 657

Draft of tax bill presented the Legislature by the
Corporation, for a new system of assessment, re-
marks thereon 698

Names of assessors for 1846 577

Injunction of Supreme Court of Massachusetts
restraining the treasurer of the town of Charles-
town from paying money to Volunteers for
Mexico 760

STREET DEPARTMENT OF THE 8UPREME
COURT.

Proceedings in relation to Houstou and Leroy

streets 576. 680

Proceedings in relation to the Bloomingdale

Road 576. 602. 603. 678 to 680

Taxes in Barbary 576

Assessment case of Doughty vs. Hope..COO, 601, 602

William street and Fourth avenue 577. 608

Street Department of the Supreme Court abolish-

en by the New Constisution, Art. 6, sec. 8 626

Assessment abuses to be prevented. See Con-
stitution, sec. 9, Art. 8, and sec. 8, of Art. 14 627-8
COURTS.

Superior Court assessment case 585

The law's delay 585

NOTICE OF PERSONS.

Stephen Allen; Burtis Skidmore 593

J. P. Phoenix 759

Joseph Slocomb 594

Professor Olmsted 671

NOTICES.

McCulloughs Geographical Dictionary 575

Valentine's Corporation Manual 575

Memoir of Eli Whitney, by Prof. Olmsted 575

Boston public documents 575,682

MISCELLANEOUS.

Undermining neighbor's houses by sinking deep
foundations 562

Decision in court of Queen's Bench in 1846, in
relation to neighbor's rights as to the light of
day 584

Governor Toucey's Veto Message to the Legisla-
ture of Connecticut in relation to building a
bridge for a railroad over the navigable waters
of Connecticut River 583

Extract from a Proclamation of Gen. Taylor to
the Mexicans 608

Life Insurance, remarks upon 590

State of the country, war with Mexico, by David
Hale, Esq., one of the Editors of the Journal

of Commerce 594

Extracts from letters written in the Southern Hemisphere - - 607

Capt. Fremont's visit to a snow capped mountain 13,570 feet above the ocean, on the pinnacle of which a humble bee came to him which he

killed 591

War and Famine 695, 696

Famine in Ireland 758

Committee of aid to Ireland 758

Seamen's friend society; seamen's saving bank. 688

Fruits of industry 633

Charitable Societies, remarks upon 635

8avings of Labor 635

Prosperity of the People of Massachusetts 635

Railroad stocks should be exempt from Taxnlion 696

Currency and Exchanges 696

Public Policy requires that Marine and Fire Insurance companies should be exempt from Taxation 681 and 688

Assessors' valuation of real and personal property

in Boston 575

Hudson River Railroad 682

Color of soils important as to solar heat 695

Coal Ashes for Manure 642

Artesian Wells 648

Ventilation 649

Mammoth steam engine for pumping out Harlem

Lake in Holland 634,635

Coal ashes a protection against Potato Rot.. 639, 695

Grates for burning coal 640

Hoojw for large tubs and vnts 640

Salt Petre Mines in South America 675

Darwin's Mountain tour in S. A 699

The Galapagos Archipelago 699

The Potatoe, in its natural soil growing wild 682 676

A cloud of locusts 675

Pigeons. 666 643

Rock Mills 635

Butterflies; The Butterfly; The Humble Bee;

Product of Labor; Adirondack Gems 591

Talcose earth 587

A Blind Sailor and his faithful Dog 635

Canine and Feline Sagacity 757. 758

Birds 633, 560,757, 591

SALT.

American Salt remarks upon in the Senate of

thisState, March20,1846, by Hon. A. C. Hand. 558 Remarks upon the manufacture of Bait at the Onondagasalines, in this State, by Thos. L. Preston, Esq., one of the proprietors of the fossil salt mines in Virginia in a letter dated Syracuse, N.

York, April 20, 1846 . 558

Remarks upon the quality of American salt 558

Analyses of Salt...... — 633

Temperature of salt water 659

Specific graaity of salt water at Syracuse 659

Specific gravity of salt water at Saltville, 659

Import of salt into the port of New-York in 1846, 695 Foreign Salt, letters in relation to, from Am.

Consuls 562

Onondaga State Salines 695

Sterility and Salt. South America 699

Saline Incrustations 675

Lake of salt water changed into a field of salt... 675

Salt for manure 633

Reverbatory salt furnace 587

New mode of constructing sa>t furnaces 664

ASTRONOMY.
Thoughts on the discovery of tho planet Le

Verrier, by Professor Olmstead 669 to 671

Comet 640

Eclipses and temperature 592

CORRESPONDENCE.

A series of letters from a gentleman residing in the State of Tennessee, upon various scientific

subjects 624, 631,636, 637, 644, 652, 664, 665,

666, 667,668, 666, 667, 668, 682 and 692.

Letters from Thomas Spencer, former State Superintendant of the Onondaga Salines, written from Saltvilla, southwestern mountains of Virginia 559,560,575,587,606.631,643,659,673J083

Letters from W. P. Miluor, written from the fossil salt mines of southwestern Virginia, situate 1782 feet above the level of the sea. .605,606, 642

659, 664,682

Letters from Lyman W. Conkey, Syracuse, Onondaga Salines, New-York. .587,605,633,659, 663

Letter from Professor Henry of Princeton College, in relation to lightning, and also in relation to the telegraph wires 586

Letter from Prof, Olmsted, Yale College, in relation to lightning, earthquakes, &c 586

Letters from Benjamin F. Thompson, Historian of Long lslaud 663, 695

Letters from Hon. Josiah Butler, of So. Deerfield, N. H., in relation to the earthquakes in New-Hampshire 660,661, 756

Extracts from a letter written by a clergyman in the state of Georgia 683

Letter from a young physician on a visit to Scotland 692

Letterfrom J. B. Wick of Villa Rica, Georgia,

relative to the Gold mines of his vicinity . 590

etterfrom H. E. Pierrepont, Brooklyn, relative
to winged Ants 590

Extract from a letter from Ozem Strong, dated
Colborne, Upper Canada

Letter from J. E. Bloomlield, of Oswego, N. Y.. 605

Letter from Levi Disbrow in relation to Little Sodus Bay Salt well . 587

Letter from Teunis G. Bergen, ex-member of the State Convention 695

Letter from Dudley Lenvitt, Meredith, N. H... 756

EARTHQUAKES.

At Deerfield, N. H., Nov. 24. 1845 661

At Memphis, Ten., Dec. 23. 1845 554

At Santo Tomas. Jan. 30, 1846 555

At Cincinnati, Ohio, Feb. 28, 1846 555

At Vulparasio, S. A., March 18, 1846 690

At Maysville, Ky., March 23,1846 555

At Cuba, Island of Cuba, March 23, 1846 555

At Catania, April 22d and 28, 1846 592

At Santa Cruz, Cuba, April 28, 1846 555, 592

At Memphis, Ten., May 8,1846 569

At Nowburyport, Ma s., May 30,1846 661

At Guadeloupe and Martinique, June 16, 1846.. 598

At Vera Cruz, Mexico, June 21, 1846 596

At Smyrna, Asia, Juue 25, 1846 608

At Messina and Catania, June 1846 598, 592

At Deerfield, N. H., July 10, 1846 660

At Cologne and in Southern Germany, July 29, 690

1846

At Ningpoo, China, Aug. 4, 1846 651

At Fincastle, Va., Aug. 12. 1846 598

Volcanic action in the Red Sea in Asia and simultaneously an earthquake of great severity throughout the province of Tuscany in Europe,

August, 14, 1846 661, 662, 663

At the Island of Iceland, Aug. 22,1846 630, 631

At the sea-port and river towns in Maine, Massachusetts and New-Hampshire and in the River

towns in Vermont, Ang. 25, 1846 661, 689

At Leghorn, Tuscany, Aug. 27, 1846 703

At Gunang Marrippa, Java, Sept 2, 1846 704

At Trinidad, St. Vincents, ana Grenada, Sept. 6,

1846 705

AtTriuidad, Sept. 10, 1846 705

At Deerfield, N. H., Sept 12, 1846 705

At Cape Haytien, St. Domingo, Sept. 15,1846.. 705

At 8t. Domingo City, Sept. 16, 1846 705

At Trinided, Sept. 1846 631

At Boonsboro', Md., Oct 19, 1846 631

At Talahassee, Florida, Oct. 23,1846 640

At Algiers, Africa, in Oct. 1846 644

At Deerfield, N.H.,Oct. 29and31, 1846

709, 651, 661

At Deerfield, N.H., Nov. 12, 1846 709, 651, 661

At several places in Scotland, Nov. 25th, 1846.. 668

At Porto Rico, Nov. 28,1846 650

At Deerfield, N.H., Dec. 2,1846 713, 651, 661

At Trinidad, Doc. 17, 1846 750

At Grafton Harbor, Jan. 8, 1847, 652

At Albany, Jan. 11,1847 652

At Rice Lake, Jan. 14,1847 682

At Antigonish, Jauuary 29, 1847 718

At Bangor, Maine, in January, 1847, 753

At Deerfield, N.H. Feb. 2d, 1847 754 and 756

At Meredith. N.H., Feb. 14, 1847 756

At Belfast, Me., Feb. 19, 1847 754

At Deerfield, N.H., Feb. 21,1847 755

At Capiaco, South America in 1847 755

At Green Bay, and Fox River, March9, 1847... 755

At Limington, Maine, April 1, 1847 755

At Mount Morris, N. Y., April 27, 1847 755

Earthquakes, Remarks upon by Eben. Meriam, And their connection with volcanoes, thunder, lightning, snow, hail, wind, rain, cold, heat, calms and equilibriums affecting the atmosphere over vast sections of the Globe and producing changes of great magnitude ns confirmed by observations made simultaneously on Brooklyn Heights and published in the Brooklyn Star before hearing of the earthquakes.. 624 554, 694, 689, 690,651, 592, 570, 755, 555, 569, 571, 586, 589, 593, 536, 598, 60S. 630. 640, 650, 652, 661, 662, 668, 674, 675, 67U, 682, 695, 700 to 756 Suggestion that an earthquake had taken place on the 22d of April, 1846, made prior to June 1,

1846 555

Confirmation of the correctness of theabove suggestion by an arrival from Sicily, July 7, 1846. 592

Great Earthquake in South America 693, 694

Steamers and Earthquakes 690

Earthquake Ruins 676

Connection of earthquakes and storms 674

Earthquakes in New Hampshire 660, 661

Simultaneous convulsions in tho East 661

Earthquakes at Marseilles, France 656

Earthquakes at New-Madrid 624

Earthquake at Caraccas 598

Remarks upon earthquakes, by Hon. Josiah

Butler; and by Dudley Leavitt, Esq 661

Do. by a native of Deerfield 660

Earthquakes at Martinique in 1727 760

VOLCANOES.

Eruptions of Mount Heckla 569. 591, 596, 630

Volcanic action, extensive in its operations 675

Graham Volcanic shoal 598

Volcanoes in the Red Sea 661, 662

MORTALITY.

Death of aged persons 651

Mortality iu Boston 682

"in New York 737, 596

The solemn knell—Steamer Atlantic bell tolling

the requiem of 42 persons—moved by the ocean

swell 673,644

Death of an infant in its mother's arms, written

by Mrs. Sigourney 672

Obituary notice of Mrs. Mary S. M.Seaman,. 672. 691 Lin*s written upon the death of Mrs. Mary Strong

Meriam Seaman, by

Miss Cornelia Loomis 673, 691

Miss Julia C. Ringwood 691

Miss Margaretta McNary 691

W. H. Starr. Esq 691

Letters from Mary S. Meriam to her sister 691

Letter from Miss Cornelia Looinis to Mrs. M. S.

M. Seaman 673

Letter from Mrs. M. 8. M. Seaman to her sister 691 Lines written by Mary S. Meriam in her sister's

album—selected 672

Letter from Thomas Spencer 673

Extract from a letter written by a lady in New

Eugland 673

Obituary notice of Jonathan Thompson, Esq 672

"The Hour Glass," written by John Quincy

Adums, Esq.. President of the United States.. 672

Notice of an ancieut copy of the Bible 672. 690

Obituary notice of Preserved Fish 596

Greenwood Cemetery; Vocal Willow; Prayers

for Rain; Birds in the Cemetery 757

The Adirondack Solitary 560

LIGHTNING.

Village destroyed by lightning 656

Packet ship Thomas P. Cope and cargo destroyed by lightning Nov, 29, 1846 650

Brig Oscar destroyed by lightning Sept. 15, 1846. 727 Ship Christopher Columbus and cargo destroyed

by lightningFeb. 11. 1847 719

Ship Hugenot struck by lightning and cargo set

on fireJune 12, 1846 571

Lightning wires a complete protection. 554 572, 635

"in South America, in 1793 674

Silicious lightning tubes 674

Thunder storms... 756, 757, 607, 608. 755. 590. 632. 570, 571, 587, 588, 593, 598, 604. 605, 641, 650, 655,656, 662, 674, 700 to 755, 586. 572. 592. 589. 573. 642. Telegraph wires and thunder storms

707, 604, 596, 608, 572

Steamboats a protection from injury by lightning. 554 No person ever killed in a vessel or building protected by a metalic rod of any kind reared for the purpose of protection 551

Feathers not a protection against injur)' by lightning ;554

Lightning always takes the inside of tin spouts and not the outside - 554

Caiburetted hydrogengusignited by lightning and the lightning extinguished 554

"Warehouses filled with iron never injured by lightuing ••■ 554

Buildings with metalic roofs afford protection against lightning, - - - 554

1 ron wire sufficient for lightning rods, costing less than one dollar per lightning rod 554

Lightning rods should terminate in water or very moist ground - - - 554

Tin spouts should be straight otherwise they will obstruct the water and thus prevent the lightning in descending from passing out at the lower end of the spout 554

Iron ships and iron buildings protection against injury by lightning 554

Schooner U.S. Cranstou struck by lightufhg, one man killed and several severely stunned, June 7, 1846 - - 570

Lightning Rods—Remarks upon by Clark Rich.. 572

Factory burnt by lightuing 572

Three persons arid two horses killed by lightning; 572 Thunder storm at Goshen, Vt 573

Brig Columbia struck by lightning, set on fire, and six persons thrown into the sea and lost, July 3, 18-I6 58G

Dwelling house near Brooklyn, L. I., struck by lightning, July 11,1846 586

Dwelling House and barn destroyed by lightning at Abmgton, Mass. July 12,1346 581

Barn in Dedhain and its contents burnt by lightning, July 12, 1846; Barn struck by lightning at Dedhain same day; Vessel struck by lightning same day at Newport, R. I.: Five men killed by lightning in the woods; Mansion House, Washington, Dutchess County, burnt by lightuing July 5, 1846, loss $7000 586

Stable struck by lightning and horse killed; church edifice struck by ligbtuiug; Lightning struck the surface of the water of the Hudson river astern of the steamer Maria 589

Man killed by lightning; barn burnt by lightuing in New-Jersey, loss $3,000 598

Thunder storm at Baltimore, Aug. 7, 1846; brig Juliet, schooner Onion, City Mills, a banking house, store, and hotel struck by lightning, one mftn killed by lightning under a bridge, and several persons loading a vessel knocked down and stunned. The lightning took full pos-ession of the telegraph wires; several cattle in the neighborhood of Baltimore killed by lightning 604

Balloon stinck by lightning; man killed by lightning, July 27, 1846; house struck by lightning in Richmond, Ya. and 4 persons in the street opposite the building knocked down; 2 houses,

1 brewery and the telegraph wires struck by lightning in Pbila., Aug. 9, 1846, bed set on fire and man knocked down; child killed by lightning July 30 1846, at Soinersworth, N.H. 607

Man killed by lightning in Indiana; two men killed by lightning, June 10, 1846, under a tree in Indiuna; house burnt by lightni ig June 26, 1846, near Niagara, also a barn; 3 horses,

2 cows, 5 sheep, and s;veral pigs killed, a man killed by lightning at the tame time 5 miles distant ; bark Horteusia, struck by lightning May 30, 1846; 74 sheep killed by lightning at Wells, Eug., 1846; barn burnt by lightning in Warren, Mass. Aug. 8, 1846 ; horse killed by lightning; barn burnt by lightning at Springfield, Otsego co., N. Y. July 11, 1846, same time a boy was killed by lightning while under a tree in the same neighborhood; Steamer Citizen struck by lightuing in river Thames, Aug. 1, 1846, but no person injured. House •truck by lightning near Mercersburg, Pa., and every person in the house prostrated one

of whom did not recover g08

Man killed by lightning near Kingston, Upper Canada, Oct. 2, 1846 63i

Several persons killed by lightning in Spain in 1846; house burnt by lightning in North Carolina in Oct. 1846 and two persons killed 632

Young Lady struck by lightuing in Wisconsin... 642 Thirty-seven places struck by lightning in one thunderstorm in 1793 and 19 persons killed.. 674

Lightning in winter 695

House struck by lightning Feb. 3, 1847 695

Three persons killed by lightning, and eight persons injured at Marshall, Texas, Aug. 2; barn burnt by lightning near Alton, 111., Aug. 7 ; boy struck by lightning near Ruckville, Md., Aug. 7, and so severely shocked that he bit his tongue

nearly off 700

Man killed by lightniug at Winslow, Maine, Aug. 10, 1846; barn burnt by lightning one person and two horses killed and one person injured, near Huntingdon, l'a. Aug. 14, 1846. 701 Barn burnt by lightuing in Stark, Maine, Aug. 14 1846; church edifice struck by lightuing, Aug. 14, 1846; young lady killed by lightuing, Au; 17, 1846; dwelling house struck by lit

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at Martha's Vineyard

Aug. 19, 1846

Four horses killed by. lightning in an open field, Aug. 23,1846; a man killed by lightning Aug. 23,1846; church edifice struck by lightning in Beverly and several of the congregation prostrated; twodwellinghousesstrackin North Salem —the telegraph wires and posts struck in Westboro, a barn struck in Nantick, and with its contents consumed, all on the 27th of Aug. 1846;

man killed by lightning, August 28, 1846

Bam burnt by lightning at Killingworth, Conn.; dwelling house struck by lightning, and servant man killed, Aug. 30, 1846; house struck by lightning and three persons killed; militia captain knocked down on parade by lightning Sept. 3, 1846; lady killed by lightning Sept. 3,1816 ; man killed by lightuing Sept. 4, 1846 and a dwelling in St. Louis torn to atoms; two oxen killed by lightning Sept. 4, 1846 ; three persons while in bed killed by lightuing Sept.

25, 1846 706

Ship Independence struck twice by lightning the same day 5 men knocked down and 2 disabled N. lat. 49, W. long. 23, Jan. 14, 1847; house struck by lightning at Gravesend, L.I., Feb. 3,

1847 ........

Railroad carsstruck by lightuing in Georgia, March 13, 1847; barn burnt by lightning near Union town, Md.; bai n burnt by lightning near Chambersburgh, Pa. April 13, 1847 ; man killed by lightning near Woodbrige, N. J., also 2 horses, March 26, 1847; hotel struck and man killed by lightning at Westport, same day; barn burnt by lightning in Hadley, Saratoga county, together with itsconteuts, April 21, 1847 757 Two barns and contents burnt by lightning in Herkimer county, dwelling house struck by lightning and man knocked down in Madison county, April 12, 1847; horse killed by lightning near Chelsea, Mass.; house struck by lightning at Newburyport, Mass.; church edifice struck by lightniug at Nashville, April 22,1847; Telegraph Wires struck by lightning, March30,

1847, at Rochester, N.Y 750

Lightuing and Snow 650, 651, 757

Persons killed by lightuing 755

Vessels struck by lightning 755

Looking Glasses struck by lightning 586, 674

Electric, magnetic and meteoric wires 689

Long Island in the electric current 689

Suggestion of the cause of the Lightning striking

so frequently at New-Haven 689

Persons struck by lightniug should be showered

with cold water 757

NATURAL PHENOMENA.

Magnetic Rocks 573

Magnetic Island 573

Magnetic Cove 573

Magnetic Pole 573

Magnetic attraction 624,573

iErolites 624.714, 754. 640

Meteors 586, 718, 720, 640, 624, 631

Shower of Grubs in winter 719

Diseased Vegetation 607

METEORLOGICAL. Temperature of the atmosphere, state of the Barome

ter, course of the wind, dew-point, full of Rain and snow, thunder, lightning, hail aud frost, us observed at the State Salines at Syracuse. NewYork, by L. W. Coukey, March and May 1846. 570

April, 1846 560

June, 1846 588

July, 1846 605

August 1, 1846, to March 1, 1847 700 to 721

Dew, Snow and Rain for the year 1846 715

Aggregate fall of Rain and Snow at Syracuse for

7 years 715

Temperature of the air aud state of the weather at Saltville, Washington county, Va., for May,

1846, by W. King, Jr 570

April, 1846 560

June, 1846 589

Temperature of the air. tail of rain, course of the wind, thunder and lightning, &c. as observed at Saltville. Va., by W. V. Milnor, July 1846. 605 Meteorlogical observations made every hour from 6 A.M. to 10 P.M. at Saltville, Va., by W. P. Milnor, from Aug. 1.1846, to March 1, 1847. 700 to 721 Meteorlogical observations made on Brooklyn

Heights, hourly by E. M., 571, 588, 605,700 to 721 Meteorlogical Record kept by Dr. Strong, at Erasmus Hall Academy, Flatbush, Long Island

571,583,605, 700 to 721 Meteorlogical Records of New-York Hospital, by

Mr. Dacey, 709 to 721

Accouuts in detail of storms ou sea and on the

land from Sept. 6,1846 to March 1, 1847,722 to 755 Tornado at Grenada, Miss. 21 persons killed, 62

wounded and town destroyed ..568, 573

"Cuba 649

Hiirricone in Oct. 1846 639

Nov. 1846 642

"at Brownsville, Pa 575

"at Wilmington, Del 570

Hail Storms in 1788 633

Hail Storm in South America 676

Storm at Alexandria 635

Great Snow Storm in 1777 755

Hurricane in Sicily and also in Russia 586

Comparison of Climate 593

Comparative meteorology and Freemont's Rocky

Mountain tour 641

Hail Storm at Natchez 573

Great Hood in France, in Oct. 1846 643

Great Hood in the Kiskimauites 573

Drought 570, 572, 674, 635, 624

The weather..652, 655, 656, 633, 644, 640, 650. 651,

555, 592, 589, 758

Rain 741, 715,721, 607, 633, 640, 649

Icebergs 586, 570

Snow storms 650

Barometer 643

Rise and fall of Lake Ontario 651

Temperature of the Sea and of the Gulf Stream 608 Opening and closing of Erie Canal and H. River, 633' Meteorlogical Record for March and April 1847, 758

Shipwreck of steamers 690, 644

Mountain Morning 755

GEOLOGICAL.
Specimens of rock, sand, ore, &c., from the Gold

'Mines of Villa Rica, Georgia 590

Geological formations of the regions round about Saltville, south western mountains of Virginia, 667

Deep Cavern in Onondago county 659

Volcanic Lake, Onondago County 659

Virgin Iron 632

Note.—Tbe present serios of numbers, 41 to 48 inclusive, nrr bound up under one cover in order to place in the hands of the members of the Legislature on the adjournment of that body. The State Constitution, commencing with page 625, is accompanied by an Inoex of four pages all marked with the same folio, this index is more ample and extensive than any index yet published, and will be found of great convenience. The meteorlogical records are not accompanied with detailed remarks as the preparation of these require more leisure and more time than 1 had at my disposal—they will, however, be fouud more ample than any meteorlogical records (that 1 have ever seen) published, and being made simultaneously at three different stations several hundred miles apart, will afibrd information in reference to thechanges of temperature rarely to bo met with. The record in this series embraces observations made hourly for nine consecutive months.—Ed,

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Edited By E. Mem Am.]

5EW-YORK, JUNE 1, 1846.

[vol. I....No. 41

EP*The Mat No. of the Gazette containing the Constitution of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Vermont, &c. pg. 81 to 96 of the volume both inclusive, is issued to supply a vacant number in the volume in order that we may be able to place the entire volume complete in the hands of each of the members of the Convention as soon as they shall be organised for business. The present number contains some important facts in relation to the Montgomerie charter, copied from the volumes of copies of documents obtained in England, by Mr. Broauhead, and now in the State archieves'.

ANNUAL TAX BILL.

We give below the annual Tax Bill. It authorises the assessment of the heaviest tax ever before imposed in the city of New-York. The necessity for such a tax does not exist. One half the sum authorised, properly expended, would be far more useful to the City than this great waste of money lavished upon political favorites.

A question of great importance arises under this act with respect to what particular personal property is assessable.

The act is special—has a local and not a general operation, and differs in that respect from the State Tax act. The act has been bunghngly drawn. It provides as ibllows: "to be collected according to law.'1 As to the assessment of it, the provision is special— and no personal property is authorised to be assessed except of freeholders and inhabitants of the city and county whose real and personal ettate is situate within the county.

The question then arises under section 5 of page 381 of the 1st volume of the Revised Statutes as to the oath. If the person taxed declares that he is worth only a certain sum named in the affidavit over and above his just debts and property exempted from taxation, and he includes in this exemption all his personal estate without the county of New-York, whether such a construction is right T

The counsel of the corporation, Mr. Brady (whose course so far in office has been greatly approbated on account of his honesty of purpose and careful compliance with law) should instruct the assessors in this. No. 2852. IN ASSEMBLY March 5, 1846. Introduced by Mr. ALBERTSON. AN ACT

To enable the supervisors of the city and county of

New-York to raise money by tax. The People of the Stateof New-York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: Sec 1. The mayor, recorder and aldermen of the city of New-York, as the supervisors of the chy and comity of New-York, of whom the mayor or recorder shall be one, are hereby empowered, as soon as conveniently may be after the passage of this act, to order and cause to be raised by tax, on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, a sum not exceeding nine hundred and sixty thousand one hundred and sixtytwo dollars, to be applied towards defraying the various contingent expenses legally chargeable to the said city and county, and snch expenses as the mayor, aldermen and commonalty of the city of New-York may in any manner sustain or be put to by law. Such portion of the contingent expenses of the said city of New-York as relates to re-paving and cleaning streets in that part of the said city lying south of a line running through the centre of Thirty-fourth street, shall be assessed only that part of the said city lying south of the said Une. And also the further sum not exceeding four hundred and twenty-eight thousand dollars,

by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, to be applied towards defraying the expenses of police in said city and county. And also a further sum of one hundred and ninety-one thousand one hundred and ninety-three dollars eighty-two cents, by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within the said city and county, and to be collected according to law, to be applied to supplying the deficiency in taxation in said city and county for the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-five. And also a further sum not exceeding one hundred and seventy-four thousand nine hundred and sixty eight dollars, by tax on the estates, real and personal, of the freeholders and inhabitants of and situated within that pars ef the said city and county of New-York, which is or may be designated by a resolution or ordinance of the common council of the said city of New-York as the " Lamp district," to be dollected according to law, and applied towards defraying expenses of such parts of the said city last mentioned.

CITY CONVENTION.

No. 341.
IN ASSEMBLY March 24, 1846.
Introduced by Mr. STEVENSON.

AN ACT

To provide for the calling of a convention to amend

tho charter of the city of New-York. The People of the State of New- York, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: Section 1. An election shall be held in the city of New-York on the first Monday of June ensuing the passage of this act, for the selection of delegates in each ward of said city, to a county convention for revising and amending the charter of the said city of New-York.

% 2. The delegates chosen to this convention shall be chosen as representatives from each ward, each delegate representing ten thousand inhabitants; and if any ward nave, in addition to this ratio, a fraction of six thousand and upwards, one representative shall be allowed to be chosen for said fraction: but each of the present wards of the city of New-York, without regard to its population, shall be allowed one representative in said convention.

$ 3. Notice of such election shall be given, and the same shall be conducted in the manner now provided by law in regard to the charter elections in the city of New-York, and the name of each delegate voted for shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly

Srinted upon each ballot, and the ballot shall be enorsed " Delegates to the Convention," and a separate box for the deposite of such ballots shall be kept by the inspectors of each election district in the several wards of the said city. The result of such election shall be ascertained and certified in the manner now provided in the act regulating charter elections in said city.

$ 4. All the provisions of law for the purity of elections in the city of New-York shall apply to the election held under this act; and all false swearing at said election shall be deemed and punished as perjury.

$ 5. The delegates to be chosen under this act, shall meet in the city of New-York on the first Monday of July next, at the chamber of the board of aldermen, and shall then, or as soon after as may be practicable, organize and adopt rules for their government. They shall complete their business so that any charter or amendments adopted by them, may be submitted to the electors of the city and county of New York, cs in the next section provided.

} 6. The charter or amendments adopted by the convention to be organized under this act, shall be submitted to the electors of the city and county of New-York, each provision separately at the election to bo held in the said city on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November, in the year one thousand eight hundred and forty-sir; and such amendments as may be approved by a majority of said electors at said election, shall thenceforth be incorporated in. and form a part of the charter of the city of New-York. And if an entirely new charter be submitted to the electors at said election, the same shall, npon being adopted by a majority of said electors, become the charter of the city of New-York. The tickets to be used at the election to be held under this section, shall be prepared in such form as the said convention may direct.

$ 7. The expenses of the election of delegates held under this act, and all expenses attending the convention, shall be paid out of the treasury of the city of New-York. The proceeding of the convention shall be filed in tho office of the clerk of the county, when duly certified to by the pressding officer and secretary or secretaries of said convention.

$ 8. The members of the convention shall have power to provide for their own pay, which shall not exceed one dollar and fifty cents per day for every day actually in session.

[ttmended...See page .1.16.1

TAX UPON ACTUAL CAPITAL. The following bill was reported in the Senate. The same bill has been three times reported in the same form, and yet remains dormant No. 16.

IN 8ENATE, January 16, 1846. [Reported by Mr. Porter, from the Committee on Finance.]

An Act to amend the Revised Statutes in relation to the exemption of incorporated companies from taxation, and for other purposes. The People of the State of New-Yori, represented in Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows: Section 1. Section nine of title four, of chapter thirteen of part one of the Revised Statutes, which authorizes the exemption of incorporated companies in certain cases from taxation, is hereby repealed.

$ 2. All banks established under the act entitled "An act to authorize the business of Banking," passed April 18, 1838, shall be subject to taxation on tho amount of capital paid in or secured to be paid, in the same manner as incorporated banks; and the proper officer or officers of such banks shall make an annual statement to the Comptroller and the assessors in the manner provided by the second section of tide four, chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised Statutes.

$ 3. The provisions of tho fifteenth section of the second title of the thirteenth chapter of the first part of the Revised Statutes, shall be extended to all such banks, and to all incorporated companies subject to taxation, and the affidavit in such case may be made by the president, cashier, secretary, or treasurer thereof; and such banks and incorporated companies shall be assessed on the actual value of all their real and personal estate at the time of making such assessment; and all provisions of law which are inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed. The proper officor or officers of such banks and incorporated companies shall make and deliver to the assessors an annual statement of the amount of all their real and personal estate in the mnnner required by section two, title four, chapter thirteen, of the first part of the Revised Statutes.

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