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METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS
Made upon Brooklyn Heights for the month of July,

1846.
Wednesday, July 1–4, 67 ; 5, 67; 6, 67; 7, 67;
8, 69; 9,70; 10, 70; 11, 72; 12, 72 ; 1,73; 2, 75 ;
3,76; 4, 76: 5, 76; 6, 74 1-2 ; 7, 72; 9, 70. Rain
at Philad. at 6 P.M. Wind N. E. Rain here at 5
a. m. Sprinkle of rain at 7 p. m. Equilibrium ter-
minated at 8 a.m.

Thursday, July 2.-4 a. m. 70; 5,70; 6, 70;7, 73; 8, 76; 3, 78; 10. 80; 11, 82 ; 11 36, 85; 12, 83; 1, 84; 130, 84; 2, 84 ; 2 34, 82 ; 3, 83 1-2 ; 3 30, 85; 4, 35; 4 30, 83; 6, 80 1-2 ; 7,79 ; 9, 76; 10,74 1-2 ; 11,73 1-2. Fog at 5 a.m. Equilibrium last evening and this morning, terminated at 7. Gale 100 miles west of the south west Pass.

July 3.-4, 5, 6, and 7 a.m. 69 1-2; 8, 9, and 10, 71; 11, 70 ; 12, 72; 1,71 1-2; 2,72; 3, 73; 4, 73; 5,72; 6, 71; 6 30, 69 1-2; 7, 70; 8, 68; 9, 65 1-2. Cloudy and windy all day. Rain at half-past six o'clock P. M. Brig Columbia struck by lightning when 60 miles from the Belize. 6 men aloftreefing sails were thrown into the sea by the lightning, the mastof the vessel shivered, -the lightning descended into the hold, and set the vessel on fire, the captain was the only person on board saved. Gale at New Orleans.

July 4, 4, 5, 6, 6 30, and 7 a. m. 65 1-3 ; 8, 66 1-2; 9, 10, 11, 12, 1, 2, 67 ; 3, 4, 5, 6, 66 1-2 ; 7,68 ; 8, 67 : 9,67. Rain at 7 a.m. partly over at 9. Rain at 3 and 4 P. M. Gale at New Orleans all day, 20 Flat-boats destroyed. Rain at Utica, Albany and Buffalo. Fair weather at Rochester. Equilibrium.

July 5-4, 6, a.m. 66 1-2; 6, 7, 68; 8, 72; 9, 71; 930, 73; 11,78; 11 45, 79; 12,78; 1,82; 130.84; 2, 83 1-2; 3, 83; 330, 84; 4,84; 5, 83; 5 20,81 1-2 ; 6 15,79 1-29; 7,79; 9,77 ; 10,76. Rain at 6 a. m. Thunder gust at 5 p.m. Thunder storm at Albany. Sloop Genesee struck by lightning, shivered the masts from the top to the deck. The vessel was loaded with pig iron.

Monday July 6.-4,5,6, a.m. 72 ; 7,75; 8, 78 ; 9, 83; 10, 85; 11, 86 1-2; 12, 87 1-2 ; 1,88; 2, 87 1-2 ; 2 30m. 88 1-2 ; 3, 87; 3 30m., 88; 4, 86 ; 4 30m.. 86 1-2; 530, 85; 6, 82 1-2; 6 30, 81 1-2; 7, 80; 7 40, 76; 8, 76; 9,74. Cloudy in west at 5 a.m. Rain at 6 p.m. Wind gust at 7. Lightning at 10 minutes past 7. Clear at 9.

July 7-4 a.m. 70; 5, 71; 6,70; 9,78 1-2; 10,82 ; 11,82; 11 30,83; 12, 83; 1,84; 2, 84 1-2; 3,84; 4, 83 1-2 ; 5, 82 1-2 ; 6,80 ; 7,78; 8,76; 9,74; 10,72. Heavy rain at 6 a. m. Thunder and lightning during the night. Whirlwind in the Gulf-stream lat. 37 25, long. 69, 30. Lucy Ann arrived at Pernambuco expe. rienced a hurricane this day for four hours. Steamer St. Lawrence struck by a squall on Lake Ontario.

July 8–4, 62; 5, 62; 6,64; 7,70;8,74 1-2 ; 9,77; 10,76; 11,79; 1,81; 2. 81 1-2 ; 3, 82 ; 4,82; 5, 80; 6, 80 ; 7,76; 8,75; 9,73 1-2 ; 10.71 1-2.

July 9,-4, 66 1-2 ; 5, 67 ; 6, 69; 7, 71; 8,75; 10, 82; 11, 82 ; 12, 84; 1, 85 : 1 30, 86 1-2 ; 2, 86 1-2 ; 3,88 ; 4, 88 ; 5,85 1-2; 6, 84; 7,81; 8,79;9,77 1.2; 10, 761-2.

Friday, July 10th, 4 o'clock, A.M. 73; 5,73; 6,74; 7, 77 ; 8, 82; 9, 87 ; 10, 87 1-2; 11, 87 1.2; 12 91; 12 20, 92; 1, 93 ; 1, 20, 94; 2, 94; 3, 94; 3 40, 94; 4.93; 5, 91 1-2 ; 6,90; 7, 884; 8, 88; 9, 86 1-2 ; 10, 84. Violent storm of wind, rain, thunder and lightning at Colborne, Upper Canada. Lightning cloud

in sight on the edge of the horizon in the west from Brooklyn Heights in the evening after sunset.

Saturday, 11th, 4 A. M. 78; 5, 78; 6,79; 7, 82 ; 8, 86; 9, 91; 10, 90; 11, 91 1-2; 11 30, 90; 12, 91 1-2; 1,91 1-2°; 2 92; 2 30, 94; 3, 93; 3 15, 93; 3 30 94; 4,94; 5, 91; 5 30, 891; 6, 884; 7,87; 9, 86. Thunder shower at Springfield, near Cooperstown. A lad killed by lightning while under an elm tree. A squall at Scituate, near Boston. Mr. Underhill's house, 3 miles east of the Brooklyn ferry, struck by lightning about 11 p.m. Thunder storm at Syracuse at 4 P. M. The whole northern horizon as seen from Brooklyn Heights, was in a constant blaze with lightning in chains and sheets during the entire evening. Great number of persons died in New-York, Boston, Philadelphia. Baltimore and other places, from the effects of heat this day and yesterday.

Sunday July 12, 4 A.M. 80; 5, 78 1-2; 6, 80; 8, 87; 9, 89 1-2; 10, 90; 11, 90; 12, 91; 1, 91 1-2 ; 2, 93 1-2 ; 2 30, 94 ; 2 40, 2; 2 55, 90; 3,87 ; 3 5, 85; 3 15, 84 ; 3, 30, 82; 3 45, 81; 4 80; 4 20, 82; 6,

82; 7, 82 ; 8, 81; 9, 80 1-2; 10 30, 794. Distant 2, 81; 3, 82; 4, 80 ; 5,78; 6, 78; 7,76; 8, 75 : 9,
thunder at 2 40 p.m. Gale of wind at 2 55; heavy rain 73 1-2 ; 10,72 1-2. Severe thunder storm at Chambers.
3 p.m. Galo in lat. 43 34, long. 49 41. At West burgh Pa. Several houses struck by lightning, ono
Dedham, Mass., a barn was struck by lightning and
with its contents consumed. Another barn in Dedham July 30.-4, 5, a.m., 71 ; 6, 79; 7,74; 8,79; 9,
was struck. Soveral treos were also struck. A barn in 83; 10, 84; 11,95 ; 12, 87 ; 1230m., 89; 1, 89; 2, 3,
Abingdon was struck by lightning and destroyed.- 90; 4, 89 1-2; 4 30m, 88; 5, 88; 6, 86; 6 30m.,
Also a dwelling was struck and damaged in Newport, 84; 7,83 ; 8, 82; 8 30, 82 ; 9 35m. 80%; 10,82:
R. I. Also a schoonor struck and her masts shivered. 11, 80. Thunder showor at Troy in the afternoon
Thunder at Saltville, Va., at 5 p. m.

between 5 and 6. Thunder storm at Hancock, PeteMonday, July 13.-4 a.m. 73; 5, 73; 7,77; 8,81; boro, Dublin and Rindgo, N. H. A house was struck 9, 84; 10,85; 11, 85 ; 12, 85'; 1, 864; 2, 86; 3, by lightning in Hancock and the owner slightly hurt. 85}; 4, 84; 5, 82 ; 6, 80; 7, 78; 8, 77 ; 10. 74.- A barn was also struck in the samo town, and with Thunder at Saltville, Va., at 11 a. m. and rain at from its contents consumed. A house was struck by light11 to 12 during which time 1 46-100 inches rain fell. ning in Dublin and another in Peteboro. A barn in

July 14.-4 a.m. 70; 5, 72; 6, 73; 7, 73; 7 40, Rindge was struck and burnt down. 73; 8,71; 9,74; 10, 74; 11, 76; 12,78; 1, 80; 2, July 31.-4 a.m. 75; 5, 76; 6, 76 1-2; 7, 78; 8, 81; 3,814; 4, 801 : 5,80 ; 6,771; 7, 76; 8, 74; 9, 81; 9, 84; 10, 86 ; 11, 86; 11 30m,, 86; 12, 88; 1, 72. Cloudy and windy at 6 a.m. Rain at 7 and wind 87 1-2 ; 2 10m. 89 ; 230m. 86 ; 3, 84; 4,81; 5, 80 ; from north west.

6, 81; 7,80; 8, 78; 9, 76 1-2 ; 0, 76. Rain at 11 July 15.-4 a. m. 62 ; 5, 63; 6, 63; 7, 63; 8, 68 ; a. m. Thunder at 2 p. m. Heavy rain and wind at 9, 71; 10, 72; 11, 73; 12,721; 1, 2, 3, 4, 73; 5, 6, 2 p. m. Thunder storm at Richmond, Va. Also at 72 ; 7,68 ; 8,68 ; 9, 64 ; 10, 614; 11, 61.

Norfolk, Va. House struck at Norfolk, Blacksmith July 16.-4 a.m. 58 ; 5,58; 6, 61; 7, 64; 8, 67 ; shop struck at the Navy Yard. The National Hotel 9,69 ; 10, 11, 12, 1,72; 2, 74; 3, 74; 4, 72; 5, 71; struck in Norfolk and some of the wires melted. 6, 68; 7,67 ; 8, 66;9, 644; 10 20, 61; 11, 61.Equilibrium

THUNDER STORM IN BALTIMORE. July 17.-4 a. m. 61; 6, 61; 7, 61; 8, 62; 9, 63; 10, 65; 11, 65 ; 12, 65; 1, 66 ; 2, 68; 2 30, 67 ; 3,

A violent thunder-storm, accompanied by vivid 67: 4, 66; 6, 64; 7, 64; 8, 64; 9, 62 ; 11, 60. A

flashes of lightning and a heavy rain, passed over our hail storm about three quarters of a mile wide passed city yesterday afternoon between two and three over the townships of Monroe, Brooks, Jackson and

o'clock. The brig Juliet, lying at Flannagan's wharf, Thorndike in Waldo County state of Maine.

was struck by the fuid and had her mainmast much July 18.-4,5, 6, a. m. 58; 7,60; 9, 63; 10, 65 ;

shattered ; a schooner lying at Corner's wharf, had 11, 64; 12, 65; 1, 686 ; 2, 67'}; 3, 67 ; 4, 5, 63 ; 6,

both of her masts injured ; Samuel McLean and two 7, 67 ; 8, 9, 66. Sprinkle of rain at 11 a.m.

other laborers, who were engaged in loading her,

were knocked down and stunned. The Farmers' and July 19.-4, 5, 6, 7, a. m. 64; 8,66; 9, 10, 67 ;

Planters' Bank in South street, the store of Mr. 11, 683; 12, 70; 1,72; 2,73; 2 30m., 74; 3, 4, 5, 73 ; 6, 72; 7, 71; 8, 69; 9, and 10,681. Great rain

Joshua Royston in Baltimore street, and the house at storm at Brazos Island.

the corner of Gay and Front streets, commonly known

as the Stone Tavern," were also struck and more or Monday, July 20.-4,5, a. m. 66; 6, 67 ; 7, 68; 8,

less injured.
70; 9, 75; 10, 76; 11,783; 1, 79; 2, 78; 3,77 ; 4,
76; 5,73 ; 6, 72; 7, 70.1; 8, 68 ; 9, 68. Rain at 5

During the storm, hail-stones, of the size of a small a. m. Equilibrium.

marble, fell in abundance.

We also learn that the City Mills, on Calvert street, July 21.-4, 5, 6,7,68 ; 8, 9, 70; 10.71; 11, 73; 12, 75; 1,76; 1 15m., 78 ; 2, 771; 3, 79 ; 4, 77 ;

were struck by lightning and considerably injured. 5, 76 ; 6, 74; 7, 73; 8, 73; 9, 71. Heavy rain

A German, whose name we could not ascertain, during the night.

was struok by lightning and killed. He had, with July 22.-4, 5, a. m. 69; 6, 70; 7, 8, 703 ; 9, 73;

two others, gone under the Belvidere bridge for shel10,77 ; 11,78; 12, 77 ; 1, 77 1-2 ; 2, 76; 3,75; 4,

ter from the rain, when the lightning passed through 74; 5,73; 6, 72; 7,71; 8, 70; 9, 69 1-2. Heavy

his hat, tearing it to pieces, and instantly killing him. rain at 5 and to 6 a.m. Rain and wind at 4 and 5

His two companions, though sitting in close proximi. p.m. Great flood at Weston, Lewis County, Virginia.

ty to him at the time, escaped without injury. Equilibrium.

A fine large dog, belonging to Mr. Laroque, drugJuly 23.-4 a. m. 69 1-2 ; 5, 69; 6, 68; 7, 70; 8,

gist, was also struck by the lightning and killed. 72; 9,76; 10, 77 1-2; 11,79 ; 12, 79; 1,82; 2,81 ;

We also hear of much damage having resulted

from the flood caused by the large quantity of rain 3, 77 ; 4, 77 ; 5,77 ; 6, 76; 7, 75; 8,73; 9,72; 11,

that fell. In Calvert street, near Centre street, two 70. Heavy rain during last night. In latitude 39°, longitude 10, brig Mary Ellen struck by lightning, large breaches were made in the street, one of them shivered the mainmast and knocked down the first

being about thirty feet wide, and fifteen or twenty officer and man at the wheel. Great freshet on the

deep. The gable end of a new house building in Monongahela. Barn struck by lightning and burnt

Monument street, was prostrated during the storm. down at Hagerstown, Md.

Chatsworth Run also overflowed its bounds, and del. July 24.--4, 5, 6, a.m. 69; 7, 70; 8,71;9, 10, 11,

uged all the cellars in its vicinity. The foundation of

a brick house at the corner of Chatsworth and Mul. 12,73; 1,73; 2 15m., 3, 4,784;5,78; 6,76; 7,75; 8, 75; 8 30m., 74; 8 45m., 73. Lightning at 7 P. M.,

berry streets, was so seriously undermined by the

rush of the water, that fears of its falling are enterrain at 8 30 P. M. Squall in Baltimore Harbor.Thunder storm at Washington city. David Fry killed

tained. In the vicinity of Vine street, and also at vaby lightning near Washington.

rious points in the city, we hear that much damage July 25.–4 a.m. 695: 5, 6, 70; 7,72 ; 8, 78; 9,

took place, the particulars of which we have not yet 79; 10, 77}; 11,80; 12, 81; 1, 82; 2, 82 ; 3, 835;

learned. Some idea of the body and force of the 4, 84; 5, 824 ; 6, 80.}; 7, 78; 8, 76: 9, 73). At

water may be gathered from the fact that one of the Woodstock and Zoxa, Upper Canada, a terrible storm

large slabs which covers the sewer in Light, near of wind, lightning, thunder and rain was experienced,

Pratt street, was displaced from its foundation and several trees struck by lightning one of which was set

thrown on to the next slab by the force of the volon fire and consumed.

ume of water passing underneath. July 26.--4a m. 67} ; 6. 67); 7, 67}; 8, 70; 9, The scene in the Magnetic Telegraph office at Bal72; 10, 74.) ; 12,78; 1, 78; 2, 76; 3, 77: 4, 73; 4. timore during the prevalence of the storm of Friday 30; 72; 5,71; 6, 7, 71; 8, 70.1 ; 9, 694; 10, 69; afternoon, August 7th, is represented to have been rain squall at 4 P. M. Equilibrium.

fearfully sublime. The electric fluid with which the Monday, July 27.-4, 5, 6, 7. a.m. 69; 8, 71; 9, clouds were charged, took complete possession of the 72; 10, 74; 11, 77 ; 12, 78; 1, 80; 2, 80; 3 30,77 ; Magnetic Telegraph lines, rendering them entirely 4, 78; 5, 78; 6, 75; 7,73; 9, 71}; 10, 69. Thun- unmanageable in the hands of the operators. The der cloud in sight.

lightning could be seen continually playing around

the instruments, and at one time a ball of fire, appaJuly 28.—4, 5, 6, a.m. 66; 7, 68; 8, 72; 9, 77 ; 10, 761; 11, 754; 12,78; 1, 80; 2,79; 3,78; 4,77 ;

rently several inches in circumference, came on the 5,76; 6, 72, 7, 70; 8, 71; 9, 69 1-2; 10, 68.

Washington wires, and exploded with a loud report. Squall at 9 a.m. dense fog at 7 a.m. Equilibrium.

One of the operators had a narrow escape at the time.

as he had his hand raised to touch the instrument July 29,44 a. m. 68 ; 68 ; 6,69; 6 30, 70; 7, when the fluid came in.--Balt. American, of Satur71 1-2 ; 8,73; 9,75; 10,77 ; 11,76 ; 12, 77; 1, 81;

day, Aug. 8.

METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.

SYNOPSIS OF OBSERVATIONS Made by L. W. Conkey, Esq., at Syracuse, Oononda

daga county, New-York, for the month of July, 1846.

METEORLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS, Made at Saltville, Washington Co., Va.

JULY....1846.

| July, 1846.1

| Sunrise. o 9 a. m.

3 p. m. | 9 p. m.

West at sunrise on the 5th, 6, 12, 23, 25, 26, and 31; at 9 a. m. on the 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 26, 31; at 3 p.m. on the 5, 9, 10, 12, 14, 29 and 31 ; at 9 p. m. on the 4th, 5, 9, 10, 11, 14, 20, 22, 31.

South-west at sunrise 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, and 29th, at 9 a. m., 9, 13, 29 and 30; at 3 p.m. 13, 22 ; at 9 p. m. 13, 29.

South at sunrise 11, 21, 22, 30; at 9 a.m. 11, 21, 22 ; at 3 p.m. 11, 20, 21st; at 9 p. m. 21, 30.

South east at sunrise 17, 18, 19, 20; at I a.m. on 17, 19, 28 ; at 3 p.m. 17, 19, 24, and at 9 p. m. 17, 19, and 24.

THE BAROMETER. Barometer at 29,20 on the 15th and 24th; 29,90 on the 17th ; 29,80 on the 15th ; 29,84 on the 18th.

REMARKS.

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Atmosphere and Wind. Rain.

Sky. 7 A. M. 1 P.M. 7 P.M. 9 P.M. Day. N'l sunrise. noon. sunset. 172 w. 74 w. 725.w. 69 s. w.0.77 0.53 cloudy cloudy cloudy 2 70 . w. 76 cm 72 cm. 71 do. 0.03 0.02 do. br kng clear 3 70 lt. e. 180 lt, e 78 1o. 75 cm.

clear. clear, Ho. 4.65 do. 80 f.ws 78 lt. w 72 do. 0,01 toggy. do. 5 70 w... 83 |ws 7. lo. 71 1. w. 0.150.01 cloudy cloudy br'kng 6 68 c'm 89 .w.30 1. w. 74 w.

loggy. clear. clear 772 do. 83 l.w.178 c'ın. 72 I.ws

clear. do do. 8 63 do. 81 c'm 78 do. 71 c'm.

do. 9.68 do. 83 le. 178 do 75 do.

toggy. do. 10 70 do. 88 cm 82 Le. 73 vble

do. do. do. 1170 do. 90 do. 78 c'm.74 do.

do. Ido. do. 1272 ll. e. 87 s. 80 do. 77 c'm.

clear. do. do. 13 73 s. w.73 c'ın 75 l.w. 78 do. 1.46 0.18 foggy. cloudy do. 1473 do. 74 do. 71 c'm. 66 do, 0.24 cloudy br'kog do. 15 62 lt. e. 73 It.e. 63 1.sw 63 1.sw

clear. Itcloud do. 16 59 fr. e 71 do. 64 lt. e. 60 Le.

do. do. do. 17 58 lo. 67 fr.e. 62 do. 57 c'm. 0.06 do. cloudy Icloud 18 58 It. e. 61 l.sw 59 do. 58 l.e. 0.05 0.01 ltcloud do. cloudy 19 58 L. Ws 64 do. 58 l.w. 60 cm.'0.11 0.07 cloudy do. Ido. 20,57 c'm 65 cm 62 l.ws 60 1.ws 0.11 0.24 do. clear do. 21 60 lt. e. 67 do. 68 c'm. 66 c'm. 0.16 0.06 do. cloudy do. 22 66 c'm 78 (.sw 75 Lw. 71 do. 0.01 do. br'kng clear 23 70 lt.e. 82 do. 79 do. 75 do. 0.05 do. do. do. 24 74).s w 80 l.sw 77 1.sw 74 1.sw 0.07 do. cloudy cloudy 25 74 do. 83 c'm 78 c'm. 75 do.

Itcloud I cloud I cloud 26 74 It. e. 73 le. 72 do. 71 cm. 0.39 Icloud clondy clear 27 68 cm 78 c'm. 78 do, 75 do, 0.24 foggy. I cloud brokog 28 69 lt.w 84 L.w. 79 l.e. 74 do.

do. bräkng clear 29 67 It e. 84/c'm. 81 c'm. 76 do.

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do. do. 30 72 c'm 83 f.nw 80 do. 74 do. 0.06

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cloudy do. 31 70.do. 80 1.swl78 do. 171" do.

Ido. Iclear Ido.
Day, 3.85 1.22
Night, 1.22

5.07
5 inches and 7-100 of Rain fell during the month.

Explanations-II. Light; c'm. Calm; fr. Fresh ; w.s West by South ; &c.

Saltville, Aug. 3, 1846. Dear Sir,

My friend, Mr. Samuel Bailie, of Abingdon reports the latitude of that place at about 36° 30' north, long. about 5u west from Washington. Abingdon is 16 miles 6. w. . from this place. The temperature of the atmosphere will in future be taken at 3 P. M. also.

Very respectfully,
Yours,

W. P. MILNER.

| Date.

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1 66 64 76 67 Rained all day: 2637176 64 351 70 82 66 Heavy fog at sunrise. [realis 10} p.m. 4 60 76 80 70 Sprinkle of rain at 104 A.M. Aurora Bu. 5,6177 78 70 do. 663 74 76;67 Thunder shower, at 4 A.M. light rain. 758 707060 8 56 687266 Clouds cirro stratus all day. 9 6076 8072

[active. 1071 82 94 76 Clouds nimbus 7 P.M., lightning very 1168 76 9075 Showers. Severe thun. storm at 4 p m. 1272 77 81 69 Showery at sunrise. Au. Borealis bright. 13 59 68 76 65 Lightning very active during the night. 1456 67 70 54 1551 6071 54 Light rain during the night. 16 46 6975 59 Clouds nimbus with a light drizzle of 17 48 6870.64

(rain 7 P. M. 18 54 6878 66 19 56 7082 69 20164 80 8872 21 66 77 85 74 22 66 77 8672 Light thunder at 4 P. M. shower pass23 66768271

[ed to the North. 24 60748470 25 67 75 78 69 2664 768071 27 59 72 80 69 28 59 78 8474 2970 849178 Sprinkle of rain 5 p.m. 3074849278 Light thun.lfp.m. heavy showers pass3117777178172 Sprinkle of rain 6 a.m. [ed to the n & s.

RAIN GAUGE. 1st.

1,20-100 5th

. 1,35-100 6th.

0,05-100 11th,

..0,50-100 12th.

..0,10-100 14th.

.0,12-100 15th.

..0,05-100 25th.

-0,30.100 30th...

.0.30-100

e 6 P. M.

Do.

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Inches rain fell during the month July 3,97-100

DEW POINT. On the afternoon of July 5, at 3 o'clock 70; same hour on the 11, 72, and at the same hour on the 30th, 74, On the afternoon of July 1, at 3 o'clock 69. At 68 on the afternoon of the 10th and 29th, and morning of the 11th and 30th. The lowest during the month was on the afternoon of the 15th at 38. All the day of 16th and morning of 17th, 40, and at 40 on the afternoon of the 7th.

CLEARNESS OF THE SKY. No entire clear day during the month. At sunrise on the 3d, 9, 17, 26, 27, 28 and 29; at 9 A. M., on the 3, 6, 9, and 10th ; at 3 p. m. on the 7th; at 9 p.m. on the 2d,6, 7, 14, 18, 20, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31st. Entire cloudiness on the 1st and 24th. Entire cloudiness at sunrise on the 2d, 12, 15, 18, 24, 25, 30 and 31st ; at 9 a. m., on the 2d, 5, 15, 18, 21, 24, 30 and 31 ; at 3 p. m., 4, 11, 17, 19 and 22, and at 9 p. m., on the 17th and 24th. The residue of the days the state of the clouds were various.

THE WIND. The Wind was east at sunrise on the 1st, 4th, 24 and 28th ; at 9 a.m. on the 1, 4, 20 and 24th ; at 3 p.m. on the 1st, 4th and 28th ; and at 9 p. m. on the 1st and 28th. Thus the 1st and 28th the wind was east all day.

North east, at sunrise on the 27th ; at 3 p.m., on the 3d and 27th ; and at 9 p.m, on the 3d and 27th.

North at sunrise on the 2d ; at 9 a.m., on the 2d and 27th, and at 9 p.m. on the 16th and 18th.

North west at sunrise on the 3d, 7, 15 and 16th ; at 9 a.m. on the 3d, 7, 15, 16, 18, 23, and 25 ; at 3 p.m. on the 2d, 6, 7, 8, 15, 16, 18, 23, 25, 26 and 30 ; and at 9 p. m. on the 2, 6, 7. 8, 12, 15, 23, 25 and 26.

160 7471 S. E.S. E. Rain. Cloudy 0.7563 737975 268 81 74 N.W N.E. Cloudy Fair 173 84 85 81 3 69 72 65 N.E.E. Do. Rain. 171747773 4/64 67 68 N.E.N.E. Rain. Do. 1.00167 7271 67 5 66 8275 N.WS. W Do. Fair 0.0368 83 86 83 673 86 76 S. WS. Fair. Rain. 0.2773 86 87 84 7 69 82 741N. N.W Do. Fair

174 83 84 82 8 80/8075 N.WW. Do. Do.

167 81 84 81 971 84 78 N.WS. W Do. Do.

71 87 88 85 1072 92 86 S. WW. Do. Do.

75 91 93 91 11 82 92 86 W. S. W Do. Do.

80 949391 12 82 92 82 S. WW. Do. Rain 0.1181 93 86 85 1375 8277 N.W S. Do. Fair 176 85 88 84 14747972 N.W N.W Cloudy Do. 175 80 84 80 15 687163 N.W NW Fair. Do.

16477 7572 16 587067 N.E.S. E. Do. Do.

163 74 7871 17 59 66 62 N.E.N.E. Cloudy Rain 0.03 65 69 70 67 18 57 65 64 N.E.N.E. Rain. Cloudy 0.01 63 69 71 70 19 62 72 68 N.E.S. E. Cloudy Rain 0.04|65737874 206675 68 N.WS. E. Fair Fair 0.2067 78 78 75 21 677872 S. E.S. E. Cloudy Rain. 0.0170818376 22 687672 S. WS.

Do.

2.00 69 81 7773 23 68 7874 N.WS W Fair. Do. 1.23169 79 79 78 24 667773 s. S. W Rain. Fair 0.0771747778 25 69 82 75 N.W N.W Fair. Do.

172 84 8483 26 697572 S. E. S. E. Cloudy Do. 17079'83 80 27/687870 E. S. E. Fair. Cloudy 171 80'8078 28 6675 68 N.E.S. E. Do. Fair. 170 83 7986 29 687875 S.WS. Cloudy Do.

171 81 82 80 3071 8480 S.WS. Fair Do. 172 87 90 87 3175 8577 S. W S. Do. Do. |5.7570 88 86/83

BAROMETER, at Flatbush, in July.-30,00 on the morning of the 19th, 21st, 22d, 26th, 27th, and 28th; in the afternoon 3, 15, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27 28, and in the evening of 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 28. At 30,10 on the evening of 15 and 18 ; 30,15 on the morning of 16 and 18, afternoon of 16, 18; 30,20 on the evening of 16th ; 30,25 on the morning of 17th and afternoon and evening of same day; 30,05 on the afternnnn of the 26th.

At 29,70 on the morning of 5, 6,7, and 25, in the afternoon of 5 and 24, and in the evening of 5, 6, and 24.

At 29,75 on the morning of 2, and 23, in the after1100n of 7, and 23, and in the evening of 4, 6, 12 and 23.

At 29,80 on the morning of 8, 9, 12, 24, 30, 31st: in the afternoon of 1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 14 and 30, and in the evening of 1,7,8, 30 and 31st.

At 29,85 on the morning of 1, 13 and 14, in the afternoon of 9, 13. and 25, and in the evening of 2, 9, 13th, 14, and 29th.

At 29,90 on the morning of 4, 10, 11 and 15; in the afternoon of 10, 11 and 29th, and in the evening of 10 and 11th.

At 29,95 on the morning of 3, 20, 29, in the afternoon of the 31st and in the evening of 3, 22 and 25.

SYRACUSE, August 10, 1846. Dear Sir: Your favor of July, 29th was received, also the Municipal Gazette, for which you have my thanks. I have deferred writing until now, hoping that I could fir.d time to comply with your request, in ascertaining the temperature of our fresh-water springs, wells, &c., but have not been able yet to do so. The temperature of the brine' at the Syracuse Salt Springs, is 520 ; strength of brine by the salometer, 740. The last of this week, I anticipate visiting a small • lake' which lies about four miles south-east from this

place, and on the turnpike leading from Onondaga-Hollow w Jamesville. This lake covers an area of about twelve acres, and is surrounded by rocks of considerable height. I shall endeavor to ascertain the height of them above the surface of the water with a level also the depth of the water in the lake, its tempera ture, &c. It is said to be over three hundred feet deep, but I understand has never been accurately measured. I will give you the particulars in my next, also the temperature of the springs, wells, &c.

The weather for the last week has been remarkable for making Solar Salt; it has been unusually clear and warm, with considerable air stirring the most of the time. Temperature of the air as follows:- Saturday, August 1st, suurise 61°, 9 A. M. 76°, 3 P. M. 810, 9 P. M. 68°; Sunday, sunrise 62°, 9 A. M. 76, 3 P. M. 82°, 9 P. M. 68°; Monday, sunrise 60°, 9 A. M. 820, 3 P. M. 88°, 9 P. M. 75°; Tuesday, sunrise 76°, 9 A. M. 83°, 3 P. M. 90°, 9 P. M. 78°; Wednesday, sunrise 75°, 9 A. M. 85°, 3 P. M. 920, 9 P. M. 820; Thursday, sunrise 78°, 9 A. M. 84, 3 P. M. 37, 9 P. M. 75° ; Friday, sunrise 68°, 9 A. M. 82°, 3 P. M. 870, 9 P. M. 760 ; Saturday, cloudy all day-Barom. eter fell 12-100 inch.- light showers at intervalsThermometer at sunrise 69°, 9 A. M. 78°, 3 P. M. 78°, 9 P. M. 72o.

Yours, truly,

LYMAN W. CONKEY.
E. Meriam, Esq.

pump, 560

SOUTH WESTERN MOUNTAINS OF VIRGINIA.
Copy of a Letter from Thos. Spencer, Esq.

SALTVILLE, August 2, 1846.
Dear Sir:

Your interesting letter of 17th ult. reached me by due course of mail. I delayed my reply until the close of the month, with the intention of sending you Mr. King's meteorlogical table for July, but have fi. nally concluded not to do so, as you will be furnished by Mr. Wm. P. Milner, with his observations taken at this place for the same period, and which, in addition to the temperature as marked by the thermometer, also notes the quantity of rain which has fallen on each day during the month, as indicated by the rain-gauge which you procured for him in New-York.

You will perceive that the quantity of rain which has fallen, is large-rather more than five inches. I am informed, however, that the present summer has been unusually wet--at any rate, it has been so much so, as to seriously interfere with securing the crops of grass and oats. During the wheat-harvest, the wea. ther was more pleasant. The corn-crop promises a very abundant harvest; and in fact, all kinds of vegetation is more prolific and abundant than I ever before witnessed. The forest trees, also, are clothed with a prodigious quantity of foliage, of a deep green hue, and · All nature—from above, beneath, around; without a voice, and without a sound-proclaims, O God! thou art!'

Since last I wrote you, the mother of our esteemed and mutual friend, Thos. L. Preston, has been numbered with the dead. She expired very suddenly on the morning of the 23d ultimo, at her residence at Abingdon, sixteen miles from this place. She arose very early in the morning, apparently in her usual health, and was preparing to come to this place during the day to visit her son, and spend a few weeks with him; but before breakfast was announced she reposed upon a bed, complained of feeling ill, and expired almost instantly. She was a lady of rare endowments; and although sixty-eight years of age, she possessed a mind of uncommon vigor. Amiable in her disposition, she was affable and courteous in her intercourse with all; and all who knew her, lament her death. I had a short acquaintance with her, but it was sufficiently long to discover that she was possessed of many and rare virtues.

Mrs. Preston was the daughter of Brigadier Gen'l Wm. Campbell, of revolutionary memory; and her mother was a sister of Patrick Henry. Her extensive plantation at this place, including the salt-works, she has bequeathed to her three sons, the Hon. Wm. C. Preston, now of S. Carolina, John S. Preston, of Louisiana, and Thos. L. Preston, of this place,--subject, I believe, to some annuities to be paid to her daughters and grandchildren. She has also bequeathed to her son, Thomas L., her family residence at Abingdon. It is a princely establishment, and cost, as I am informed. about fifty thousand dollars. The balance of her es. tate she distributed among her numerous heirs.

At your request, I have tested the temperature of our brine as it is pumped from the well, and find it to be 57°. The strength is 96° by the salometer. I should have weighed a gallon of the brine as you desired, to ascertain its specific gravity, but I could not find a gallon measure in Saltville. We have sent to Abingdon for one, but it has not arrived. The brick which were made of the ground fire-rock, do not stand so great a degree of heat as we had hoped. They appeared exceeding well when taken from the kiln, and resembled the fire-brick which I have seen in New-York ; but by submitting them to the heat of a blacksmiths' forge, they melted nearly as quick as common brick; the latter melting in seven minutes, and the former in seven minutes and a half. This, I think, is proof that the fire-rock, as it is called here, is not the soap-stone, as some suppose.

I perceive that the Convention are making but little progress in revising the Constitution of New-York. It seems to me that there are too many men in its composition who love to talk for political effect. I hope, however, that the majority possess sufficient good sense to correct many of the existing evils; and that before they adjourn, they will be prepared to present such a constitution as the people require.

I perceive by the newspapers that a regiment has been raised in New-York for the conquest of California. I may be regarded as unpatriotic, when I say, that I can discover nothing in the conduct of our go

vernment toward Mexico, to approve of. In my

I shall be most happy to hear from you whenever opinion, our treatment of that feeble nation, weaken- you can afford leisure to write. ed by intestine broils, is utterly unworthy of a great

Yours, &c.

W. P. MILNER. and powerful people, as we claim to be. This Mexican war will be a dark spot upon the page of our July 7.-6 a.m 70, light east wind ; 7, 72, calm ; history, which cannot be "expunged.” It was a piti. 11, 81, w. by 8.; noon 82, w. by s.; 1 p.m. 83, w. ful and mean pretence of ours, and utterly unworthy by B. ; 3 40, 88, calm ; 4 35, 87, w. by s. clear; 7, 78 of that high character that we onght to desire, to as- calm ; 9, 72, It. w. by 8. sume that we were attacked, when we had sent a

July 8.-430 a.m. 63; lt. w. by 8.; 6 a.m. 65; 7, military force into a territory which is acknowledged 68 ; 9, 74; 11,77 wind east; 1, 81 calm ; 7,78 calm; to be of doubtful ownership. We have not only dis

9, 71 calm. played no magnanimity towards that feeble power, 9th.—130 a.m. 60 foggy and calm ; 6, 60; 7, 68, but justice and right is entirely lost sight of. A reck- calm ; 1,83, lt. e. wind ; 4, 88, calm; 6 30, 86, calm; less spirit of conquest has possessed the minds of the

7, 78, calm ; 9,75 calm. American people, and to cap the climax of their folly,

101h.—6 a. m. 68, calm, foggy ; 7, 70, calm ; 11, thousands are already clamorous for the nomination 82, calm; 1, 88 calm ; 7, 82; lt. e. wind ; 9, 73, vaof Gen. Taylor to the Presidency, simply because he riable. has the single merit of butchering a few hundred 11th.—6 30, 68 calm and foggy ; 7,70, calm ; noon Mexicans by order of our government.

68, light breeze e.; 1, 90, calm ; 4, 89. It. e.: 6, 84, If this spirit of conquest is not quenched, and this It. e. ; 7, 78, calm; 9. 74, variable. war speedily brought to a close, the fate of those ke

12th.—7 a.m. 72, lt. e. ; 9, 80, lt. and variable ; 10, publics which have existed, and are not, must inevi- 82, s. w. ; 11, 84, 8. W.; noon 85, s. w. ; 1, 87, 8. tably be ours.

w.; 2, 87, 8. W.; 3, 88, calm ; 5, 87, 8. w., thunder; Mr. Milner has promised to hand me his meteor- 7, 80, calm ; 9, 77, calm. logical table, before the mail closes, to send you 13th.–6, 72, lt, e., foggy ; 7. 73, s. w. ; 11, thun. herewith.

der, wind s. w. clouds rising, 11 to 12 rain 1 46-100, I shall be pleased to hear from you often.

wind s. w.; 1, 73, calm ; 2, 76 clear, wind e.; 7, Truly yours,

75. w.; 9,73, calm, rain at night 13-100.

THOS. SPENCER. Clear sky during whole week in daylight, except E. Meriam, Esq.

from 10 a.m. to 2 p. m. on the 13th.

27th July-lemperature of salt water, tested at Copy of a Letter from W. P, Milner, Esq.

Saltville, Va., 26 July, 1846. Dear Sir, I have the pleasure of receiving occa.

Copy of a letter from J. E. Bloomfield, Esq. sionally a paper from you—one, the “ Farmer and

Oswego, Aug. 13, 1846. Mechanic," of 16th inst., by yesterday's mail, for

Mr. E. Meriam: which, please accept my thanks. I commenced my Dear Sir, I have received, and thank you for the meteorlogical table on the 1st which shall be forwarded last number of your Municipal Gazette. Your obseryou at the expiration of the month. The periods at vations made on Brooklyn Heights, on the equilibrium which I have taken the temperature, regularly are 7

of the atmosphere, go far to establish your theory. a. m., 1 p. m., 7 p. m., and 9 p.m. It has occasion. You certainly deserve credit for your perseverance, ally happened, however, that I have made them more although in this respect it is no new trait in your chafrequently and as such was the case on the days noticed racter. by you in the paper above alluded to, I give you my I promised you a letter from here, and am remind. memoranda for the week including those days, i. ed of it by seeing a communication by Mr. Levi Dise. from 7 to 13 inclusive.

brow, relative to his boring for salt at Little Sodus Mr. Spencer received yesterday a letter from you Bay to the depth of 316 feet. I have just learned from in which he informs me you express surprise at the

Mr. Morgan, (connected with the United States fort at temperature of the salt water, as reported by Mr. this place, that it was Mr. Disbrow who essayed to King, and its difference from that reported by Mr.

get water in the fort for the U. S. Government. It is Findlay in 1844. I have made reference to your letter exceedingly to be regretted that the experiment was of June 3, 1844, in which I find the following enquiry, suspended after $3000 was expended in reaching the

I should like to know the temperature of your wells, depth of 313 feet, as I learn that geologists say the class in summer, and if there is any difference from that of rock encountered is the metalliferous, or hard-grit of the 31st of January, which you sent me." Upon

bluish sand-slone. that letter I made the following memorandum :

The level or esplanade of the fort is 50 feet above Sept. 9, 1844.—Salt water temp. 56o, atmosphere

the Lake where the boring was commenced. The 78°, fresh springs 60. Specific gravity salt water first 42 feet was through a peculiar hard blue indurated 23°.

earth, of clay, gravel and sand, and with which, I beI do not think this answer to your question was ever lieve, you are well acquainted. At the depth of 42 ft. furnished you. Your letter was to Mr. Findlay, and

the rock was struck 8 feet above the level of the lake. I think he was absent at the time of its receipt. I This rock corresponds with the same class on the west shall take the temperature of the water in the morning

side of the river, where the old French fort was situby the same thermometer and send you the result

ated at the foot of First street, where you may recollect with this letter. The quantity of rain fallen during

Mr. Varick built his marine railway. After leaving the this month up to 12 o'clock to-day is 4 76-100.

earth excavation, Mr. D. proceeded 260 feet below the Mr. Spencer or myself will by next weeks mail

level of the lake, through solid rock, increasing appasend you the weight of a gallon of salt water.

rently, as Mr. Morgan states, in hardness, as he descendThe frame of Mr. Preston's new furnace and salt

ed. For the last 100 feet, he received $12 per foot; rooms is now up. The furnace will be in operation and although he used drills commencing with 800 lbs. about the 15th of Sept. When it is, I purpose taking weight, increasing up to 1200 lbs. towards the last, he occasionally the temperature of the salt water from could only pound out about two inches per day. Very his well. I shall next month move my thermometer little water came in; and, I learn, the capacity of the to Mr P.'s Office, when I hope with the assistance well is about 60 gallons in 24 hours, of very inferior of one of the gents there, to make notices of tempera

quality. Two other wells have been sunk short disture more frequently.

tances in the earth in the fort, yielding almost the same Have you noticed in Capt. Fremont's expedition to

quantity of water as the well sunk 313 feet, and as obOregon and N. California, his reference to the great

served, 260 feet in the solid rock, and this too within salt lake in lat. 41° 10' 42", long. 1120 21' 05". An

almost biscuit throw of the lake. analysis of the salt (5 gall. water, roughly evaporated

We have had a very dry time for the last seven to

eight weeks-hardly a shower. Last Saturday, the over a camp fire, produced 14 pints of " very fine grained, and very white salt, of which the whole lake

8th, it commenced to rain slightly, but in the night and may be regarded as a saturated solution.") produced

Sunday we had a fine rain. The crops, however, have as follows-Chloride of sodium 97.80. Do. calcium

not suffered, and the corn is now fine. 0.61. Do. Magneisum 0.24. Sulphate of soda 0.23.

I believe I have personally explained to you the

effect of the cold air during the spring and summer esDo. lime 1.12. Parts 100.

caping from the Lake, producing a continuance of norUpon the same page (158) in his report he mentions therly and north-westerly winds, rushing to your heatthe existence of "immense beds of rock salt, not far ed atmosphere, having a most delightful effect on from this salt lake.”

this climate. There has been but four or five days du

66

ring the last two months, but that a blanket was acceptable at night. From the great depth of Lake Ontario, it takes a long time in the fall to expel our summer heats. The result is, late and fine falls, free from frost, and often into December. This, as observed, arises from the summer heat escaping from the Lake, while the winter cold on the water produces au ostensible effect on this deep Lake, by causing a Lake breeze from the north towards the land. This makes the farms near the Lake admirably adapted to peaches, pears, quinces and apples, while the plum grows wild and of a very good quality.

A trip the last week by Mexico up into the town of Parish, (formerly a part of that township of Mexico,) after six years' absence, gave me the opportunity to judge of their agricultural improvement. The change from raising grain, to grass for the dairy, for which this whole region up to Lewis and Jefferson county is admirable, is making the farmers rich. To use an expressive yankee term, they have began to slick up' their farms, and now the old log-huts have began to make

way for the neat gable-end story and a half farmhouse, with its portico and Venetian windows. This is produced by raising butter for the New-York market. The whole of this region is well watered with troutstreams, a fish the best judge of good spring, and I may add, soft water.

In this, formerly called, wooden country, I was astonished to find the tract of land I visited was plundered of hemlock timber! to make salt barrels for Salina. The black-ash swales that used to abound in this region- Constantia, Amboy and other eastern towns of this county, have began to disappear, as they are used to hoop some 300,000 barrels nsed at the salt works, and a like number of barrels for flourused by the millers at this place, who, by the by, have a decided advantage in their position and water power of Oswego over those of Rochester, where, I learn, they are entirely aground for water; in fact, I was told by a gentlemen from Rochester this week, that the Genesee River would not supply a good gang of saws. The Oswego River being the outlet of nine lakes, and drains a large surface of country, gives an inexhaustible supply. There is 100 feet fall in 10 miles from Fulton to this place, with permanent dams built by the State to supply the Oswego Canal with water, by the combined operation of River and Canal navigation. This old-fashioned class of internal improvement, (so admirable when introduced by the Duke of Bridgwater in England, and General Schuyler, in this country in 1793-4, to pass the Little Falls and other points on the Mohawk to Wood Creek, near Rome, from thence falling into Oneida Lake, and finally into this Lake,) is about to be superceded by the “ better improvement of the age"--a railway to Syracuse. Mr. S. Whipple, with a party of engineers, are now conducting the surveys for this object, under the direction of Mr. Edwin F. Johnson. This is the true way to head off Boston;" and I trust ere long your merchants will find it oui.

The passage of the transit or drawback law by the late Congress, permitting the Canadians to pass their wheat, flour, provisions, timber, &c. through this place for export at N. York, is destined to make a great change in the course of trade. You forget that Niagara Falls is obliterated on the map of com

The short Welland Canal, with trifling tolls, saves 150 miles of tolls on our Grand Canal; in fact, this place is only 183 miles by railway to tide waters, with a rise of only 420 feet to overcome instead of from 1500 to 2600 feet summits, by eastern and southArn routes to the Lakes. These facts, not to be dispated, tells the tale the course of commerce must take.

Will the citizens of New-York direct their first attention this way, to prevent their trade being seriously tapped by Boston at Ogdensburg. This, eastern enterprize will accomplish, they say, (and I believe them,) in three years, and nothing will stop or retard them.

Yours, truly,

J. E. B.

ter wheat, but all kinds of spring crops are parched England and Ireland ; since then, disease has seized
up with the drouth ; you would think the fire had run upon the food of man, and has been spread as far as
through our pastures: the late rains will do much the seed thus affected has been used.
good."

LIGHTNING.
No rain fell at Mackinaw between the 4th of
July and the 11th of August.

Æronatic.-Mr. Wise made an ascension from West
Lake Erie is 10 inches below its usual level. Prior

Chester, Pa., last Saturday, about the time of the to Aug. 10. there had been a succession of rains for

heavy thunder storm. As he was descending, he the last 16 days at Natchez. 5,75-100 inches fell at

says, a flash of lightning hurled the balloon against a Flatbush, L. I., in July, and 5,07-100 at Saltville in

large tree, and what appeared to me remarkable, no Va., in the same time.

loud report accompanied it. “The fire sparks flashed The fall of rain in Philadelphia during the month

upon my flag, and shook it out of my basket, and the of July was 4.60 * 100 inches.

noise resembled that which takes place when a whitehot piece of iron is struck with the blacksmith's ham

mer.”Jour. Com. Aug. 13. LETTERS FROM ON SHIP BOARD.

Telegraph struck by Lightning:-We learn from We extract from a letter dated on board of Frigate

Mr. Bannard, conductor upon the railroad, that the wires

of the Telegraph were struck by lightning on Sunday Congress, off Cape Horn, Feb. 20, 18-16, addressed

afternoon, Aug. 8, about three miles west of Auburn. to the editors of the Journal of Commerce, and pub- The fluid followed the wire into the Auburn station, lished in that Journal on the 28th of July, as follows ; and actually burned up a considerable part of the “ We have here 15 hours of sunlight, four of twilight

magnet, and the fixtures attached, and cutting the and five of darkness. The constellations have a mag.

wires encircling the soft iron, into almost a thousand nitude, intensity and breadth of light unknown in our

pieces.-Roch. Adv. [3 miles.-Ed.] hemisphere. Every star flames out of the blue vault

On Thursday afternoon, Aug. 12. the operator at the like an independent sun. We must have been one

Telegraphic station at Auburn was visited by a large ball night in the vicinity of an iceberg. Our thermometer

of fire, which landed on his table, followed by a re

port as if a musket had been fired in the room. This fell in a few hours ten degress. The night was one of the darkest we have experienced ; not a ray of light

arose from a thunder-storm, which seemed to occupy could straggle down through the black masses of cloud

only the northern part of the heavens, while the sun that overhung us, the sea was running high, our ship

was shining, and in the southern sky there was but

little indication of a storm. rolling her guns under, and the next plunge she made

Killed by Lightning.-Mr. Willis Siedner, was might bring her, for aught we could tell, against the unseen mountain of ice. But we escaped it, day

killed by lightning at Vinegar Hill, near Galena, Ill., dawned and found us floating.

on the 27th ult. He had a grain-cradle on his shoulder

When the bolt came, it is supposed that the scythe “ But of all the objects of nature here, the most in

attracted the fluid, which passed thence to Mr. S. He teresting is the Albatross. This noble bird resembles in size and shape, the Swan. The body is white as

was instantly prostrated to the earth, but attempted the driven snow, the wings black as the Raven’s. The

to rise, spoke once, and immediately died.—Jour. head has the baldness of the Eagle, and the eye the

Com. Aug. 13. same flashing defiance. Their wings are long, large

Four persons prostrated by Lightning, on Friday and arching, upon these they balance themselves like

Aug: 7-Miraculous Escape.-A dark cloud, which the hawk, and without once striking the air, sweep

had let down quite a refreshing shower as it passed through their vast circuit. They voyage hundreds of

over our city on Friday last, about 7 o'clock, lowered miles at sea, and out of that great element obtain their

for a while, (says yesterday's Republican,) over that food. We captured one by means of a hook, attached

part of Church hill, known as Shed-town, where it to a long line, baited, and buoyed by a cork. As

sent forth a stream of lightning, striking the house of we drew him toward the ship, his female companion

Mrs. McHenry, and prostrating four persons who were followed close at his side, and we lifted him in, she

passing at the time in front of the building. The still hung around the ship. Having satisfied our cu

house was a good deal damaged, though we are glad riosity, we let him go, when she flew to him with the

to learn the persons struck made a miraculous escape

with their lives.
liveliest expression of joy. What a lesson to those
who forsake a friend in adversity."

Mrs. Philip White and child, another lady, whose
The officers of the Congress did well in giving the

name we did not learu, and Mr. Adkins were passing

Mrs. McHenry's at the time, and were all brought to noble aquatic fowl its liberty-in restoring him to his the ground. Adkins was struck in the breast, but mate. It was a noble act and will be a source of strange to say, the fluid glanced, passing down his more abiding consolation, than all the victories which

arms and uff his hands. He was knocked senseless

at the time, but was restored partially by the free use they have ever gained in inhuman combat.

of cold water. Two physicians have been since in

attendance, and it is thought he will recover from the A letter to the editors of the Journal of Com.

effects of the accident. The ladies and child were merce, and published in that paper of the 5th inst.,

doing well at last accounts. No occupant of the written on board the U. S. Frigate Congress, at Cal

house struck, was injured, yet the lightning is lao, May 5, 1846, states :

said to have taken a most circuitous course through “The thermometer in Lima seldom fell below 65,

the building.-Rich. Eng. Aug. 11. and rarely ascends above 82. These are singular Struck by Lightning.-On Sunday, August 9th, dufacts, but not more so than the notorious one that it ring the severe storm, Mr. Jacob Kneedler, while sitnever rains here. The vapours as they ascend from ting at the window of his residence, in Seventh st., the sea, are attached to the summits of the Cordilleras,

near Brown, was struck by lightning, which knocked where they are condensed into showers—but on the him senseless, and for some time he appeared to be in line of the coast which lies between the sea and the base

a very dangerous situation. Dr. Charles M. Griffith of these stupendous mountains, the rain never falls. All was sent for, and after skilfully administering remeagriculture is the result of artificial irrigation,

but the dies, Mr. Kneedler partially recovered, and ever since frequent and full streams flowing from the Cordille- he has been improving. The strongest belief is exras, make this comparatively easy; The climate of pressed that he will be fully restored to health. The Peru has a singular effect on the color of the different lightning also set fire to a bed in the room, which races--it bleaches the black man into the mulatto, was but slightly damaged.-Phila. U. S. Gazette, and bronzes the white man into the Indian. It dwarfs the European in stature in the second and third gene

A child about 8 years old, named Ricker, was kill. ration, and deprives him of fire and energy. The native youth, in their boy hood, exhibit intelligence and

ed by lightning at Somersworth, N. H., on July 30th. force, but as they grow up they become feeble in

Lightning.--During the storm on Sunday, the house

of Mr. N. Le Brun, Seventh street, above Arch, was body and irresolute in mind.”

struck by lightning. The fluid descended the chim

ney and passed through the dining-room, scattering Diseased Vegetation.—The potatoe crop is be- the dust and soot from the chimney all over the floor. coming extensively diseased. It is but a few years It then passed out through a window into a yard, since the human ashes were removed from the battle leaving a very sulphurous smell in the room, thence fields of Waterloo to manure the potatoe fields of " through the basement kitchen into a vault. Some

merce.

Aug. 11.

Extract from a letter from Ozem Strong, Esq.,

dated Colborne, Upper Canada, July 18, 1846 :“ I should think this part of Canada and New

York had changed climates ; here it has been remarkably hot and dry-scarcely a sprinkle of rain for six weeks till last Friday, when we had a violent storin of wind, thunder and rain ; it continued showery, and is now cold, so much so that we looked for a frost last night but got none. We have great crops of grass and win

TEMPERATURE OF THE GULF STREAM.-The Journal of Commerce, of the 21st inst., states that the U. 8. Brig Washington has returned from a survey of the Gulf Stream. Temperature in one of the soundings, at the depth of 9000 feet, 37 degrees; and of the surface, 80 degrees Farenheit; decrease of temperatnre, about one degree to 210 feet.

At this rate of decrease the depth of 10,200 feet would reach the freezing point. We cannot account for this.

The depth of the Mediterrenean between the island of Sicily and the coast of Africa, is about the same as the straits between Calais and Dover. It is but a few years since an island appeared between Sicily and the African coast, and after about three years sunk again. Earthquakes are as frequent beneath the ocean as under the surface not covered by water.

arrived in four hours, doing great damage nearly its whole route. Newburyport is 3 miles from the sea on the Merimack River-it was visited by an earthquake in 1786, and in 1810, also on the 30th of May 1846, and several times previous to 1764. The state of the atınosphere on Brooklyn Heighis on the 24, 25, 26, 27, and 28th of August, as follows. Rain commenced to fall freely at 15 minutes past 8 P. M. 25th, and at 9 10 11 A.M. on the 26th. The temperaiure of the air at 2 P. M. on tbe 25th, 71, and 9 P. M. 641-from that to 4 next morning it fell to 58. Seven hours from 2 to 9-lell 64 degrees-7 hours trom 9 P. M. 10 4 A. M. fell 65.

Aug. 24th.-4 A. M. 10 6. 67; 7. 68; 8, 71; 9, 73; 10, 71; 11, 714 ; 12,73 ; 1 10 4,75; 5, 74; 6,71; 7,70; 8, 69; 9,63; 10, 66,

Aug. 25.-4 10 6 A. M. 64; 7, 66 ; 8, 67, 9, 10, 70, 11 to 1, 72 i 2,71; 3 to 4,70; 5 to 6, 68; 7, 60); 8, 65; 9,645.

Aug. 26th.-4 to 8, 58; 9, 59; 10, 60; 11, 59; 12, 62; 1, 64; 2 to 4, 65; 5, 66; 6 to 7, 65; 8, 64; 9, 62; 10 and 11, 624. Equilibrium.

Aug. 27.—4 to 6, 62. End of Equilibrium. 7, 65; 8, 65}; 9 to 10,67; 11, 671; 12, 70; 1, 754; 130, 74; 2 to 3 754 ; 4, 75; 5, 74; 6, 721; 7,71; 8, 69; 9, 69. Equilibriun.

Aug. 28—4 10 10 minutes pasi 7, 69- Equilibrium ended.

"The MAJOR PART OF THEM."

This phrase should be defined—the sense in which it is used in the Constitution applies to classes of public officers and not individuals forming one class making a majority of the individual members of all the classes. The Senate has more members than the three other classes which, together with that body form the Court for the Correction of Errors—it was never intended that that court should be constituted alone of the members of the Senate. It is a tribunal formed of at least three or four classes of public offices.

SUPREME COURT. STREET DEPARTMENT - LOCAL JURISDICTION.

The Counsel of the Corporation of the City of NewYork has given notice in the newspapers and in handbills, of an application to be made to the Supreme Court for the appointment of Commissioners of Estimate and Assessment for the widening of Wm, street, and also for the opening of a portion of 4th

The application is noticed for the first day of the special term. Will a writ of error lie to the Court for the Correction of Errors, or is the remedy against the officer for persisting in assuming jurisdiction in violation of the provisions of the Constitution ?

avenue.

plants were burnt in its passage. Fortunately the famiIy had left the dining-room a minute or two before the occurrence.-Phila. Enq. &- Nat. Gaz., Aug. 11.

The brewhouse of Mr. Rutfman, in Green street, above Third, was very slightly damaged by the lightning:

The lightning also struck the mast erected at Ridley's Creek to sustain the telegraphic wires. — Phila. Ledger, Aug. 11.

John Henry, of Mount Auburn, Shelby county, Ia., was recently killed by lightning. He was a respectable citizen.- Jour. of Com. of July 7.

Allen Montanve and William J. Miller, of Switzerland county, Ia., were killed by lightning on June 10. They had taken shelter under a tree.

On Thursday week, during a thunder storm, a house belonging to Mrs. Ferguson, situated a mile from Cook's mills, Niagara, was struck by lightning, which destroyed the whole of the property, including some horses and other cattle. A laborer named Letferty was struck dead on the same night. --Montreal Herald, Inl, 8.

On the 30th of May, Bark Hortensia, from Valparaiso, in lat. 40, lon. 41, was struck by lightning ; broke foretopgallant-mast and foretopsail-sheet in several places.

Lightning:- The lightning storm, åt Wells, Eng. land, on Saturday last, was productive of some serious results. Mr. H. Davis, of Oak Hill, occupies a large farm on Mendip, near Priddy; in one of the fields were 74 sheep, which got together for shelter under the wall. The electric fluid first attacked the gate, breaking the upper part to pieces, and then following the direction of the wall, killed the whole of the sheep, which were worth from 25s. to 30s. a head.

A large barn belonging to the estate of Adolphus Hedges, late of Warren, Mass., was struck by lightning on August 8th, and consumed with most of its contents. Loss $500.

Another.-We had another very heavy storm here yesterday afternoon. The lightning was not so severe as on Friday, and we have not heard of any person or place being struck by it, but the quantity of rain which fell, was, if possible, greater than on Friday. Hail-stones, ot' a large size, fell during the rain.

The storm of Friday.-We have not heard of any deaths resulting from the effects of the lightning on Friday with the exception of the instance mentioned in our paper of Saturday. A large number of persons were stunned, but as far as we can learn al has recovered.

We hear of several instances of cattle in the neighborhood of the city being killed by the lightning Balt. Amer. of Aug. 10.

LIGHTNING.-A horse belonging to the Rev. Mr. McClary, was killed by lightning a few days since in Anne Arundel county, Md. Mr. McClary had dismounted from the horse at the door of a neighbor but a few minutes previous.

LIGHTNING,-On Saturday afternoon, July 11th, the lightning struck a barn belonging to Win. Rathbun, of Sprinfield, Otsego county. The barn and its contents were destroyed. Two boys in the same neighborhood took shelter under an elm tree during the shower. The tree was struck by lightning, and one of the boys, a lad twelve years of age, killed instantly. The other was prostrated but recovered. The boy killed stood next to the body of the tree. Elm trees are frequently struck by lightning.

Thunder Storm.—On the first of August, between 3 and 4 o'clock P. M., a storm of thunder, lightning, hail, wind and rain, commenced in London, and continued for near two hours. Great damage was done. At Liverpool, the fall of rain was 44 inches during 24 hours. The steamer Citizen, in passing down the Thames, was struck by lightning, and the box of one of the wheels damaged. The vessel was surrounded by lightning for a moment. No person injured. This is the sixth instance which I have recorded of the lightning descending on a steamer. In none of these cases has any person been killed, and I have never met with any record in all my researches of a person being killed by lightning in a building stored with iron.

The house of Wm. Waddle, near Mercersburg, Pa., was struck by lightning on Wednesday week, and every member of the family prostrated. They all revived except Wm. Waddle, jr., who was killed instantly.

TEMPERATURE OF THE SEA. On page 526, we gave the record of the temperature of the water of the Ocean in the track of the Great Western, from New-York to Liverpool as furnished by the Hon. Solomon Townsend. We now give the temperature of the ocean taken on a voyage from Boston to Gibralter, by Mr. Bigelow.

Temperature of the Sea.-In 1826 Mr. Bigelow of Massachusetts, in a voyage from Boston to Gibralter made daily observations of the temperature of the sea, as follows: Nov. 29 120 miles E. Boston,

500 30 275 miles E. by S. of Boston,

52
Dec. 1. Latitude 42

Longitude 62,30 54
2
41

59

AUCTION DUTIES. The State Convention have called on the State Comptroller for a statement of the auction duties, and he has responded to that call. The United States Constitution most assuredly is in the way of our State Convention in this.

A NEW COURT. The State Convention should organize a new court for the adjudication of questions, in which the Chan. cellor or Superior Court Justice may be made parties.

NEW-YORK CITY COURTS. The Corporation want to have the appointing of the judges and the payment of their salaries for they have a multitude of causes to be tried in these courts, and it is therefore highly improper for that body to have any connection with these courts direct or indirect.

58
3
41,09

55,38 60
40,13

52,25 64 39,25

48,40 68 38,48

46,16 68 37,54

43,39

68
8
38,00

42,00 68
9
38,00

38,45 68 At 5 P. M. the temperature was still at 68; at 9 P. M, it fell to 66. The run of the ship had been about 140 miles since the sacie hour yesterday. Dec. 10

37,29

35,30 66
11
37,10

32,00 64
12
37,01

31,36 63
13
37,04

30,00 65
14
37,00

29,10 64
15
nearly the same

64
16
57,55

28.48 at 10 A. M. bearing down toward Fayal and Pico, the former distant about five leagues,

63
17
38,00

26, nearly, St. Michaels, E. by S. distant 3 leagues,

61
18
38,00

25, nearly, St. Michaels, bearing west, distant 10 leagues,

61
19
38.06

21,30 60
20
38,11

20,00 60
21
57,57

19,45 60
22
36,34

19,15 61
37,27

18.22 61
24
38,12

17,30 60
25
37,30

16,56 59
36,37

16,10 59
27
34,45

15,45 62
39,50

16,15 62
34,04

17,10 63
30
35,26

17,02 92
31
36.04

16,40 62
Jan. 1

36,12

14,19 61
2
35,57

12,34

60 3

36,02 presumed long: 9,58 60 4 at 8 a m. off Cape Trafalger lat 36,5 long. 6,1. 58 At 4 p. m. dropped anchor in Gibralter Harbor, temperature of its waters 55. Temperature of the air on deck, Nov. 30, 52. Dec. 7, temperature of open air 57. 11th, 64; 12, 63; 13,10; 14, 67; 15, 63; 16, 64; 17,62; 18, 58 ; 19, 60; 20, 64. It is thus seen that'the temperature of the

water bas only varied one degree since leaving the Azores, on the 18th inst., and that the water was about as deep in their neigborhood as in the open sea to the east. The depression on the 16th and 17th may have been in part owing to our being more out of the influence of the gulfstream whose current, though grrally diffused, acts quite down to the western isles.

“ Dec. 26, on deck, 58 ; 271h, 64; 28 in cabin 67 ; 29th in cabin 70 ; drited back by gales, Dec. 30, on deck noon 65; 31st, 4 P. Jan. 1, noon 58; 2, 53; 3, 57; 4th at 4 p. m. Gibraltar Harbor 47.

EARTHQUAKE AT SMYRNA.-Letters received by Messrs. Dut. hilh & Cousinery, merchants of New York, from Smyrna, in Asia, of date June 28th, state that a severe shock of an earthquake was felt at Smyrna, at about 6 o'clock p. m. of the 25th of June. Smyr. na is in latitude 38, 25, 26 north, longitude 26, 6, 15, east. The distance is therelore 100, 6,15, of longitude east of my place of ob. servation, and 2, 16, 15, (leg. of latitude south. The equilibrium produced by this earthquake commenced on Brooklyn Neights at 30 minutes past 10 P. M., June 27th, and continued till past 5 A.M. of the 28th, when at six o'clock it was broken by a rain storm.See Municipal Gazette, No. 43, p. 583.

EARTHQUAKE AT NEWBURYPORT.-On the morning of August 25th, at about 6 o'clock the shock of an earthquake of considerable duration was experienced at Newbury port, Mass., lat. about 43 N.; longitude about 70, 10 West, and extended to the south west to Springfield, on the Connecticut River, a distance of more than 100 miles. The width of its palh I shall endeavor to ascertain from accounts from villagesoneach side of this line, I was writing at mytable Brooklyn Heights, recording my meteorlogical observations at the very moment this earthquake was traversing Massachusetts from one extremity to the other, and should have noticed any disturbance had it extended to this locality. The earthquake followed the path passed by the electric storm of April 25, 1845, which journey. ed from a creek in Virginia, near Alexandria, passing Springfield, and Newburyport, on its way to the Bay of Funday, where it

From the Journal of Commerce. EXTRACT FROM THE PROCLAMATION OF

GEN. TAYLOR, IN THE INVASION AND AT. TEMPT OF THE CONQUEST OF MEXICO. 1

" In every state, and in nearly every city and village of our union, Catholic Churches exist, and the Priest's perform their holy functions in peace and security, under the sacreed guarantees of our constitution."

Had Gen. Taylor said that in every state, city or village in which Catholic churches do exist, the priest's perform their functions in peace he would have been nearly right—but he is far from right in saying that Catholic Churches exist in nearly every village.

Again, Gen. Taylor says to the Mexicans:

" It is your military rulers that have reduced you to this deplorable condition.”

Americans ! take heed lest this declaration of Gen. Taylor's to the Mexicans—which is too true-be addressed to you ere long-the censure comes from a military man wlio so far has shown bis wisdom in treating the praise and flattery that has been heaped upon him with coolness and good sense.

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