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try. With this conviction we deem it to fit wisely and consistently bestow its re- to expect a very important improvement in be the peculiar duty of the Literary Gazette wards ; let it be as liberal and discriminative its cultivation. to volunteer its alliance and strenuous sup- of its praise, as of its money and its medals, The Committee of Polite Arts, we are inport; and we are sure our readers will feel and it will deserve a higher rank than that formed, is often associated with other comthat nothing can be more congenial with the to which it has hitherto aspired."

mittees; as in truth the polite arts do naprinciples of this publication.

The next topic of the address is, we be- turally form a part of every thing which is We may premise that the Society of Arts lieve, common to the occasion. It describes useful or ornamental in civilized life. It is at this period consists of not fewer than one the formation of the Society in 1954, by Mr. therefore no mean honour to the Society of thousand seven liundred efficient members, William Shipley, supported by the patronage Arts, that the first public exbibition that was before probably a majority of whom, and an of Lord Folkstone and Lord Romney-its gra- ever made by the artists of the British meequal numher of distinguished visitors, the dual advance and increase of business, so as tropolis, took place in the year 1760, at their address was delivered. We shall merely to render the appointment of committees rooms; and was repeated there for several copy the exordium.

necessary for the superintendence of sepa- successive years. The foundation of the The members of the Society of Arts are rate branches,-the means taken to insure Royal Academy has since rendered their on this day met together to assist at, and to the impartial awards of its honours and en- exertions less necessary; but still they have, witness the distribution of those rewards couragement, especially in respect to any and more particularly of late years, entered which, proposed by their several committees, competition between members and stran- with greater spirit than previously into the they have themselves assented to and sanc- gers,-the mode of proceeding when com- promotion of the arts of architecture, sculpe lioned in the course of the present session. munications are received, -and, in general, ture, painting, and engraving. Mr. Aikin Conscious of having, to the best of their the history of its forms and constitution, carnestly recommends the encouragement of knowledge, and as far as human infirmities concluding as follows:

the “ Art of Design;" and in an able arguwill permit, pronounced an equitable and “ I have thought it necessary to enter ment which our limits forbid us to quote conindulgent judgment on the subjects which into this long and perhaps dry detail

, in or- tends for its beiug taken “ out of the class have come before them;-desirous also of der that those now present who are not of accomplishments,"..“ from the gauds and gracing this their solemnity by the presence members may be fully aware, that the So- toys of a vain world,” and brought,“ like of those whose influence on society is uni- ciety of Arts, in performing the duties which writing, into the common and familiar use versally acknowledged, they have ventured it has voluntarily undertaken, and which the of ordinary life.It remains to be seen what 10 convoke the present splendid assembly. public feeling has as voluntarily confided effect his reasoning may bave on the Society The rewards which this Society has to be in its management, does in fact iake every to which it is addressed. stow are derived almost wholly from the reasonable and almost superfluous precau The 7th Committee, of Manufactures, moderate annual contributions of the indi- tion to insure the justice and equity of its merges almost entirely into those of Chevidual members, and in a mere pecuniary decisions. Neither time nor trouble nor mistry and Mechanics, and the latter evipoint of view are comparatively of small expense are pared in order that the meri-dently assumes the most important station amount; it becomes therefore a matter of torious inventions of ingenious men may be in the Institution. Of it we are told that importance, both to the institution which rewarded as far as the funds and reputation during the past session, so multifarious and confers and to the candidates who receive of the Society will admit

, and be added, as extensive have been its duties, it has not these testimonies of its approbation and good- a free contribution, to the public stock of only assembled every Thursday, but held will, that the act of distribution should be knowledge for the benefit not only of our several extraordinary meetings for the disattended by all those accessary circumstances own country, but of the whole civilized patch of business. which may enhance its value.” world.”

“ From forty to seventy members are oeMr. Aikin proceeds to enlarge upon the The number of the committees is nine, cupied every week, from seven o'clock in the augmented value, which rewards may derive viz. The cuttimittees of accounts, mis- evening to eleven and often later, in the from the manner in which they are bestow- cellaneous matters, correspondence and patient and able investigation of the various ed, and applies this principle to the practice papers, agriculture, chemistry, polite arts, subjects referred by the Society at large to of the Suciety.

manufactures, mechanics, and colonies and this committee. Nor do the persons who "A premium churlishly bestowed,” says trade.

thus gratuitously devote so large a proportion he, “ is worth just as much as the gold or sil Of these the two first are strictly domestic. of their time to the public service, (says Mr. ver it consists of, and no more; it is a mere Upon the third devolves the whole detail and Aikin) belong to the class of idlers in society; pecuniary gift, which, to the lowest fractional responsibility, not only of the literary part these, how heavily soever the load of life denomination, may be stated in current of the Society's transactions, but of getting may press upon them, are rarely found to coin. In such a spirit this Society has ve- drawings and sections made by competent seek their amusement in employments ver granted its rewards, and in such a spirit artists from the models or machines them where there is even the appearance of busiwe trust they have never been accepted. selves; and of selecting properly qualified ness. It is well and right that this should The olive wreath of the Olympian victors, engravers, and superintending the progress be the case; for, with what confidence could the oaken garland of ancient Rome bestow- of their work.

ingenious men submit their productions, ed on those who had preserved the lives of The Committee of Agriculture takes cogni- which are all of a practical nature, to the their fellow.citizens, the medals conferred zance of all subjects relating to horticulture; decision of those who, not being engaged in by our British Universities as the appropri- to the sowing and planting of trees, whether business or active study, would be wholly ate and sufficicnt reward for abilities and for timber or ornament; to the cultivation incompetent to deliver a correct and sound attainments of the very highest order, the of land by the farmer, together with the im- opinion on the novelty, the utility, or the Copleyan medal of our Royal Society, not to plements used for that purpose; and to the ingenious contrivance of the objects laid inention the honorary badges, accorded by breeding, improving, and taking care of live before them? The most active, assiduous, their grateful country to those who in these stock of every kind; as well as all the other and able of those who appear on this imporlatter times of difficulty and danger have innumerable details included under that tant committee, are men of real business; sustained the national independence at the most comprehensive term, rural economy:

who well know the value of time, and pospersonal risk of all that on earth can perish It appears that in the department of Che-sess generosity and public spirit enough to --these, with numerous similar examples mistry, the communications have neither been sacrifice so large a portion of their small which I need not detail, show how conso- so numerouş nor important as might have leisure to the general good. To the candid nant it is to the very nature of man to be been expected; but a confident anticipation decisions of such men no candidate need be impelled to the highest exertions by the in- is, we rejoice to observe, held out that a rich ashamed to submit himself, nor doubt to'extellectual and moral motives of duty, of offering may be hereafter looked for; and in-perience from them that liberality of treatself-esteem, of honourable fame.

deed when we consider the distinguished ment which is rarely found disconnected “Let the Society of Arts continue to regu- talents of the worthy Secretary himself in with genius and talent." late its proceedings on these principles; let this branch of science, it is impossible not With these appropriate remark (as the




Committee of Colonies, &c. requires no disor pick up at a pamphlet shop-and

FRENCH MANNERS. tinct observation) we shall close our analysis, start for Charing Cross between the in the hope that in bringing this excelleni hours of 4 and 6. When opposite the [It may not be misplaced to remind our Society more directly under the public eye through the medium of the periodical press, and saunter along Whitehall until you as they appear in the Mercure.] man on horseback, pull out your Bill, from the originals of the celebrated M.Jouy,

readers that these Essays are translations we shall not only have fulfilled a duty grateful' to ourselves, but by diffusing this intel- approach Palace Yard. Then fold up

Before I reached the first stage, the roads ligence through unaccustomed channels, your bill, put it carefully in your pocket, became so execrable that I was iwenty times have promoted its interests, and with these return to Charing Cross, and commence inclined to think I should not escape alive. the best interests of the British Nation,

your saunter de novo, and my life for it, After changing horses I got again into the finitely indebted to Mr. Askin for the very the Chiltern Hundreds ! The Society and the public at large are in- in half an hour you will be qualified for carriage. The Adour was still before my

eyes. The river, which is not very broad, admirable view he has produced on this oc

Now for my Lady--the first object is and yet every thing had already a different

was all that separated me from the Lahour, casion; and it affords to both an auspicious presage of future improveinent, that to the how to give a Crowded. Rout. If you aspect and appearance. I should have supunwearied industry, diligence, and ability mean only to ask real friends, pray take posed myself a hundred leagues off but for already attached to the establishment, has the smallest house you can find within a the Adour and the Pyrenees, which conbeen superadded the assiduity, talents, and mile of Grosvenor Square; but if you tinued at my side. Neither the women nor acquirements of its new Secretary.

mean to have, as it is called a few the men, neither the trees nor the shrubs, friends”- then take the largest mansion the horses nor the oxen, the houses nor the

fields, the carts nor the ploughs, nothing in ORIGINAL POETRY. you can procure--send out three times

short resembles what I leave behind ine. many cards as the house will contain People are perhaps not sufficiently surprised On Me. Chartrer's Monument of Two and you cannot fail of being crowded. at these varieties so striking and yet so near. CUILDREN, exhibited 1817.

Formerly, Madam, and perhaps even now To wonder at nothing appears fine; but to Yes, lovely Innocents, thongh o'er the bier Your parents dropp'd the unavailing tear,

with you in the country, it might be observe many things is more useful. Time's soothing hand may canse those tears to thought considerate to apportion yourcom- As I passed through Peyre-Huurade, a little

pany to your apartments--now it is the town, a chateau flanked by two great towers And Hope's bright dream may sanctify their easier way to accommodate your rooms to belonged, but to whom it had belonged; for

made me curious to know, not to whom it peace. But if to marble it were ever given,

your company; therefore furniture will these chateaux, though very agreeable 10 To imitate the porest work of Heaven;

only be in the way, and if your rooms are their owners, are no longer of importance to If marble ever spoke to soul and eye,

so crowded that there is no room for the any body, except as they relate to the an. From gazers drew the tear and heaving sigh; servants to enter, you may have tbe cre- cient history of the monarchy. They toll Chantrey, the meed is thine-in future age, From maiden innocence to hoary sage,

dit of having had every delicacy of the me at the post-office that it had heen the All will attest the wonder-working power season for refreshment, without the trou- property of Viscount Dorlès. This name of That throws such chacun round Death's event. ble of sending for the confectioner. In brave cominandant of Bayonne, who so

ihe Viscount Dortès put me in mind of the ful hour.

former times, in days, or rather nights of proudly refused to obey those who ordered May, 1817.

W.J. R.

hoop-petticoats, a dozen ladies could fill the massacre of St. Bartholomew, and who

a drawing room, and keep the men at a expressed his refusal in such noble terms. PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED

distance, but then a crowded rout could " I have found in your good city of Bayonne SOCIETIES. be made up out of a very small number only worthy citizens and brave soldiers, but

not one assassin; command, Sire, things Cambridge, July 18.--Messrs. Randait of carriages; happier are we at the pre- that are possible. Proctor Burroughes and George Archdall, sent day, when our drawing rooms are no

The first relay after Peyre-Hourade is Bachelors of Arts, of Eminanuel College, were longer filled with the produce of the Pujol, where the landscape first begins to on the 4th instant elected Fellows of that So- mercers' and taylors' shops, with satin assume the features peculiarly characteristic ciety.

and buckram, but with human bodies all of Bearn. All that conjes before rather re

alive, interspersed with a few muslin senibles the Landes, the environs of MontSKETCHES OF SOCIETY AND trains and superfine swallow tails.

de-Marsan, Roquefort and Basas. Here the MANNERS.

It was formerly a geographical axiom frame of the picture, that is to say the mounthat two bodies could not be in the same liinit and mark more distinctly the plains

tains on one side and the hills on the other, FASHIONABLE HINTS.

place; but thanks to niodern dockings and and gaves which extend or wind in their inMr. Editor, -Understanding that loppings, half a dozen bodies can now be tervals. The agriculture of this country, your rural circulation is extensive, and squeezed into the place of one; day,an inge- where there is no fallow, and which is gedoubting not that many of your rustic nions female friend of mine has contrived nerally founded on a succession of wheat readers may long for Six Weeks in town, a method of putting double the number and maize, is particularly distinguished by though they caunot have the Six Weeks of bodies into the same space that any the details. The most extensive fields are at Long's, I beg leave, through your me others of her acquaintance can perform. as carefully cultivated as gardens or parterres. diun), to offer a few biots to all the mem- In fact she has only two small rooms, but all the intervals are drau n with a line. The bers of the Wronghead family, in suc- then she takes care to ask friends of dif- Basque measures every thing by his eye; cession, for their deportment in search of ferent sizes, and different protuber- the Bearnais by the foot and the toise: The notoriety, and shall now commence with ances, whom she places alternately, long Basque has large habitations, in which he Sir Francis and my Lady.

and short, in each room,

by which

desires that himself and his family, among As Sir Francis, of course, wishes to all vacancies are filled up, the company their ease; the Bearnais coufines all in

which he counts his animals, shall be at be, or to be thought to be, a Member of can turn round as if upon pivots, and small dwellings, where by dint of order he Perliament, his task is easy and simple. every body declares that it is vastly finds room for every thing. Take, as Hannah Glasse says, a printed agreeable. Your's,

Quiz The Basque has a sort of careless confiParliamentary Bill, which you may get

dence in himself, in nature, and in him to from an understrapper at the vote office,

whom nature is only a handmaid: the Bear

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nais foresees, watches, and is provident with-witnessed the marriage of her daughter the shoulders of an enthusiastic nation, out intermission; the next year is to him to the Duc de Broglio.

and now Nying from Paris to Geneva like the next day. In the look of the

This is not the period for an analysis amid the curses of an enraged populace. Basque, one sees that he is musing; in that of the character or writings of this cele- These things were common in France ! difficult to be more ingenious, more .cou- brated lady, though we look very spee- Neither does it enter into our design to rageous than the Bearnais ; but he is so in a dily to lay such an Essay from a power- dwell upon the literary attainments of great measure from a point of honour; he is ful mind before our readers : our purpose the mother--her charities and philanso because he will not have it said that any is simply to narrate facts, and if opinions thropy. Sutfice it to record that while body does better than he; whatever the are delivered they shall be only inci-Necker published political pamphlets, Basque may be, he would be the same in a dental.

views of finance, and statements of ad. desert as on the theatre of the world. As for his courage he is no more proud of it than of

Anne-Louise-Germaine Necker, was the ministration, bis spouse was no less de his beard. A man who was necessarily a daughter of James Necker, a Swiss, whose voted to works of benevolence, as is ho-. judge of these things said one day, “ All the financial career and conduct contributed nourably testified by her “ Essay on French are courageous, those of the South probably more than any other cause to ac- precipitate Burials," “ Observations on as much as those of the North; they are so complish the overthrow of the French mo- the founding of Hospitals," and in different manners rather than in different narchy, and of Susan Curchod, of whom “ Thoughts on Divorce." degrees.” The Basque tirailleurs fire as if they we know little till she became the wife Our chief, and indeed our only reason were fighting a duel, but they must be per- of Necker, mitted to run, leap and spring. The Bear

except that

she was for touching on the progenitors of Manais and his neighbour of the Upper Pyre- the daughter of a Protestant clergy- demoiselle Necker, is to account for her nees are fit for all kinds of fire.

man in Switzerland, admired' by the re-early predilection for literary pursuits. In manual arts the Basques work very ra- nowned Gibbon during his residence in She was educated for an author. Her ridly and well; the Bearnais slowly and bet- that country, and at one time a governess first perceptions were directed to science ier. As for the fine arts they are both too in the family of De Vermenoux. Wilhel-aud 'literature. Her very infant ideas little versed in them to allow of a parallel; mina was born at Paris in the year 1766, were associated with the intelligence of degree of perfection the French vocal music; and, displaying what such parents might Marmontel, Diderot, Buffon, st. LainIeliotie and Garat, the first a Bearnais, the well consider to be precocity of talent, bert, Thomas, and all the learned of second a Basque. But after the first it was was educated entirely under their imme- Paris, who formed the circles of her mostill said in Italy that we did not know how diate inspection. The incipient fame of ther. Her talents were cultivated, her to sing; it is no more said so aster the sc- her father seems to have grown with her taste was modelled, the bent of her cond.

The Bearnais is the more amiable; the growill, and she must have been about mind was given, her opinions were conBasque loves much more ardently. In the 12 years of age, when, in consequence of firmed; in short her intellect was formed smallest towns in Bearn there are assem- bis eulogy on Colbert (for which he was in this school; and the philosophy then blies; there are none in the great towus of crowned by the Academy) and other prevalent in France, too often concealing the Labour. The Basque only knows how publications, he was raised to the office dark principles under brilliant wit and to live in the temples, in the public places, of Director of the Finances. Necker, lapsing from the light of reason into the and in his family. All the features of this parallel have been a tutor in the college of Geneva, bad came the dominating principle in her

though of humble birth, being the son of perplexities of abstract metaphysics, behis own observations or by the information previously realized a large fortune as a vature, and imparted the tone to all her which he seeks and collects from all quar- partner in the Parisian banking-house of writings and life. As variety and ambi

Tellusson and Co. in which he originally tion were the ruling passions of her fa

set out as a clerk. His success as a pri- ther, so was sentimental refinement and BIOGRAPHICAL PORTRAITS. vate individual was taken as an augury metaphysical confusion the besetting sin MADAME DE STAEL-HOLSTEIN.

of success as a public minister, which was of her more amiable parcnt, and a dis

miserably disappointed by the result. organizing experimental philosophy, the Living, thank heaven, in a country It is unnecessary to follow the fortunes object of inquiry with nearly all those where the sex are less addicted to poli- of the father through the Auctuations of associated with her “young idea" and tical intrigue than in any other nation of his ministerial life ; now dismissed, and“ tender thought." Europe, we take up our pen this week to now recalled; now the staunch advocate To these sources may be traced almost trace as correct a biography as our pre- for royalty and now the friend of the every feature which marks the faculties sent means of information and the baste people; now " the adored Minister," 2 or distinguishes the writings of Madame. of the moment will allow, of a woman and now the abhorred peculator; now de Stael. The events of the Revolution much distinguished in the annals of a borne in triumph from Basle to Paris on only drew them forth: they were imneighbouring state, whether as descended

planted ere it commenced. from a parent deeply implicated in the

? In Colman's “ Eccentricities” there is a Mademoiselle Necker was little more" Revolution, as herself participating largely humourous story on this amour. Mad. Curchod

than fourteen years

of age when, in pur-" in that terrible convulsion, as connected “ A philosophic Blonde, a Charnier wise,

suit of his ambitious projects, "her father with its various factions and most famous Studious, and plump, 'now languishing, now published the memorable “ Account renleaders, or as a female author of the fore prim,

dered to the King of bis Administration,” most rank in modern literature. Who, skilled most temptingly to syllogize,

which created so strong a sensation : Last Saturday we announced the death Chopped logie with a pair of large, blue, melt

ing eyes.” of Madame de Stael-Holstein upon the The ascent of the lusty lover up the high hill * It was undoubtedly the effect of this pubļi14th instant at Paris :-she had been skirting Lausanne, and the result of his court. cation upon the mind of her daughter, which long afflicted with a painful disorder, ship, is admirably told by our whimsical bard. led to the wish she expressed before her death, which carried her to the grave, in her fifty- on the gate of his hotel by popular admiration, which wish was fulfilled with filial duty by ber

2 “To the adored Minister," was inscribed to have her corpse attended for three days; second year, a few months after she had and erased by popular abhorrence!!! son, Augustus de Stael.

ters. *

throughout France, and led to the resig- of habit and singleness of heart. The in which he remained fifteen months, and nation of the author's official situation in opposite nature of their dispositions was then driven from office for ever to 1781. He then retired to Copet, a ba. could not fail soon to affect connubial the retirement of Copet, where he died rony in Switzerland which he had pur- harmony; and though four children on the 9th of April, 1804. chased, and six years elapsed before he were the issue of this marriage, and what Madame de Stael, who had gone to re-appeared permanently on the public are called public appearances were main- Copet in 1790, returned on the following stage at Paris.

In 1787, we find him intained till the death of the Baron, it is year to Paris, and took an active part that capital, attacking Calonne; and the generally understood that there was little in the intrigues of that eventful period. years 1788 and 1789 constitute the era of communion between him and his Lady Whether she plotted to save or to dewhich so intimately connected his his- beyond the legal ties of their state. Their throne the king is not for our present tory with the destinies of France and the bodies and not their souls were united. inquiry ;' but at this time she formed annals of Europe.

In August, 1787, Madame de Stael or matured intimacies with Talleyrand, . It was during one of the occasional was delivered of her first daughter, and Sieyes, Lafayette, Narbome, the ungratevisits of the Necker family to Paris, immediately after accompanied her fa- ful Lameths,2 Barnave, Vergniaud, and prior to 1787, that Eric Magnus Baron de ther in his exile, which was of short du- other characters distinguished for the Stael, by birth a Swede, was introduced ration. Her other children were two parts they played in the Constituent, to their acquaintance by Count de sons and a danghter. Two only survive Legislative, and other bodies, whose opeCreutz, the Swedish Ambassador. He her.—One of her sons lost his life in a rations nourished the germ of discontent was young and handsome, and succeeded duel.

into the tree of liberty. As the wife of in pleasing, we know not that we can say The year 1789 is designated as the an Ambassador she was protected from gaining the affections of Molle. Necker, epoch at which Madame de Stael em- the first violent shocks of revolution ; who consented to become his wife

. barked upon the stormy sea of literature, but the bloody ascendancy of Robespierre Count de Creutz was shortly after recalled by the publication of her " Letters on rendered all protection vain, and in 1793 to Stockholm to be placed at the head of the Writings and Character of J. J. Rous. the Barou and Baroness de Stael found the Foreign Department, and Baron de seau.” But previous to this period she it expedient to fly together to Copet. Stael was appointed his successor. Thus was well known to the Parisian world by The Duke of Sudermania, Regent of dignified, and with the further recom- the composition of several slight drama- Sweden, having acknowledged the Remendation of being a Protestant, his tic pieces

, which were performed by public, M. de Stael was appointed ammarriage was not delayed, and the rich private amateurs, by three short novels bassador, and in 1795 returned with heiress, to the chagrin of many French pablished afterwards, 1795, at Lau- his lady to Paris. About this date she suitors, became Baroness de Stael-sanne, and by a tragedy founded on the published her “ Thoughts on Peace, ad. Holstein., We believe however that this story of Lady Jane Grey, which obtained dressed to Mr. Pitt;"3 and is believed union did vot prove to be one of the considerable circulation among friends to have exercised a powerful influenceover most felicitous. The Lady was wealthy, and admirers. Her reputation was there the manæuvres which distracted the go. -young, and though not handsome, agree-fore no secret, when hier first public ap- vernments of several ensuing years, espeable and attractive ; she was rather peal was made.-The letters on Rousseau cially as connected with the Directory. under the middle size, yet graceful in her met with great success, and the budding Legendre, the butcher who, on the 22nd deportment and manners; her eyes were fame of the writer was attended with all of June, 1795, began to declaim against brilliant and expressive, and the whole the eclat usual among our continental the spirit of moderation” which he said character of her countenance betokened neighbours. This triumph was however was gaining ground, more than once de. acuteness of intellect and talent beyond abridged and enbittered by the critical nounced Madame de Stael and her party the common order. But she inherited and rapid advance of the Revolution. On as directing the political intrigues of that to the utmost particle from her father the the 11th of July M. Necker was in- time. restless passion for distinction; and de- volved more desperately in its vortex. A domestic calamity varied the public rived from the society in which she had While seated at dinner with a party of tenor of her existence. She was summonlived not a little of that pedantry and friends, the Secretary of State for the Navaled to attend the death-bed of her mother, philosophical jargon which was their Department waited upon him to intimate to soothe whose affliction, it is stated, foible and bane. Aiming more at lite- his banishment from the territory of she was playing on a musical instrument rary fame than at domestic happiness, France. Madame de Stael, whose whole a few moments only before she expired. she was negligent in dress, and laboured life has been erratic, accompanied her on this melancholy occasion, Madame in conversation ; more greedy of applause parents in their hurried exite. A new po- de Stael flew to her pen for consolation ; from a coterie than solicitous about a litical turn recalled them by the time they a resource to which she appears always husband's regard; more anxious to play reached Frankfort, and Necker was once to have applied when pressed by care or “ Sir Oracle" in public than to fulfil the more re-instated in the adninistration, grief, or smarting under the charges sweet duties of woman in private; the

which party did not fail to heap upon wife was cold and the blue-stocking ar

! 12mo. pp. 140. The later editions have a her, or soured by the auimadversions of dent; she spoke in apophthegnis to letter of the Countess de Vassy, and Mad. de critics to which she was uncommonly admiring fashion, but delighted no hus- Stael's answer. The anthor also published " A sensitive. At Lausanne she composed band with the charms of affectionate Short Reply to the Author of a Long Answer”

a defence of the work against an anonymous conversation; to be brilliant was pre- criticism by Mr. Champçenets.

1 She wrote a Defence of Marie-Antoinette ferred to being beloved, and to produce 2 The title is 6 Collection of Detached in 1793. an effect upon the many was sacrificed Pieces," and the “ Essay on Fiction," written

2 The mother of the Laineths was of the Brogthe higher enjoyment of being adored by long after the novels, and a “ Poetic Epistle to lio family, into which Madile. de Stael has just the few. The Baron de Stael was a man form part of the contents of this volume. Misfortune,” inspired by the Reign of Terror married.

3 Sir F. D'Ivernois' Thoughts on War was on the contrary of remarkable simplicity 3 Only a few copies were printed.

an answer to this work.

the first part of the essay “On the biguous that we shall not venture to pro- their authenticity nor have we left ourInfluence of the Passions upon the nounce whether it was a defiance or a selves space for their repetition. Happiness of Individuals and Nations," compliment! Madame de Stael first The party in France with which she which was published at Paris in 1796, went to Auxerre, which she left for Rouen, was most intimately connected at the time and the second part in 1797. This pro- and with an intention to settle in the of her decease, is that known by the duction is reckoned one of her best, aud valley of Montmorency, in search, as she name of the “Constitutionnel.”

The was translated, in 1798, into Euglish ; a gave out, of more agreeable society. But Mercure, we have reason to believe, selanguage in which the writer was well Rouen and Montmorency were within corded the latest of her opinions and the versed, as indeed she was in English lite- the forty leagues, and Buonaparte was last tracings of her prolific pen. rature generally, far beyond the usual not accustomed to have his prohibitions Faithful to the prontise with which we acquirements of a foreigner.

infringed upon.

She was ordered to set out, we shall now refrain entirely Madame de Stael was with her father withdraw, and, in company with her from discussing the merits or demerits of when the French troops invaded Switzer- daughter, and protector Mr. Constant, her life and writings. These merits asland; and though he had been placed on journeyed to Frankfort, and thence to suredly. raise her to a foremost rank the Emigrant list by Robespierre, and Prussia, where she applied herself to the among the female authors of our age ; consequently exposed to death wherever cultivation of German literature. From and these demerits, whether springing the troops came, his daughter's influence Berlin in 1804 she bastened to Copet, on from "susceptibility of being misled," as with the Directory was sufficient to se- receiving intelligence of her father's dan-urged by her father, from the pernicious cure bim not only safety, but respect, ger; but he died before she reached the inculcations of modern philosophy, or and the erasure of bis name from this place. A mortality in her family invaria. from but we will not proceed : sanguinary roll. She then returned to bly consigned our subject to the occupa- her earthly account is just closed, and Paris and her husband; but in a few tion of the study. At Geneva in the her frailties with ber sorrows alike repose months, either tired by the persecutions year 1805 issued the “Mapuscripts of in trembling hope awaiting tlie decision to which she was exposed, or prompted Mr. Necker, published by his Daughter." of an immortal tribunal.” by some other motive, lastened back to Still further to divert her mind, she

MELENDEZ, THE SPANISH ANACREON. the repose of Copet. In 1798, the dan- next travelled into Italy, and collected gerous illuess of the Baron de Stael re- materials for perhaps her most celebrated brated poets. M. Juan Melendez Valdez,

Spain has just lost one of its most celecalled her to Paris, where she received work, “Corinna, or Italy," which has been born of a noble family at Ribera, a little his last sigh, and soon left the metropolis translated into many languages. Having town in Estremadura, studied at the Unifor Switzerland. After this period she returned to Geneva, Madame de Stael versity of Salamanca. At the age of 22 he published an essay On the Influence of amused herself with appearing upon the received the degree of Doctor of Laws, but by Literature upou Society," which may be stage in 1806, and performed in tragedy the reading of the Greek, Latin, French, and considered as a continuation of the two with considerable skill. There is a drama himself to become the head and the model last mentioned works. In 1800, Buona. from her pen, called “Secret Sentiment," of modern poetry in Spain. He might have parte, in passing through Geneva, bad but we do not know its date.'. She bas pretended to a Professorship of Law at Salathe curiosity to visit M. Necker, and, also given to the world a work entitled inanca; he preserred and obtained a Pro according to rumour, Madame de Stael “Germany,' embodying ber observa- fessorship of Belles Lettres. In 1980, his took this opportunity to read him a long tion on that country. It has provoked Panegyric on a Country Life," was crowned dissertation on the course he ought to some controversy. • Letters and Reflec-by the Spanish Academy, though the celepursue for the prosperity of France. The tions of the Prince de Ligne,” in two prize. Some time after another prize was

brated Yriarte was a competitor for the First Consul, it is added, who did not re- volumes ; 3 an “ Essay on Suicide;" and adjudged to his “ Bathyllus." The first volish the political plans of ladies, listened several minor publications, as well as lume of his poems obtained him the title of to her very patienily, and in the end coolly many contributions to the periodical the Spanish Anacreon. In 1789 Melendez inquired who educated ber children!” press in Geneva, Paris, and elsewhere, was appointed Judge in the Court of Appeal

The well-known novel of Delphine, complete the catalogue of her produc- at Saragossa: in 1797 he was called to the writteu during this retirement, was print- tious.

capital, to fill the otfice of King's Attorneyed at Geneva in 1802, and excited great

General in the Supreme Court of Criminal

Madame de Stael has twice visited attention in England, France, and Ger-Englaud; formerly during the revolution

' We beg perniission to audex in a note a neat many; where it bas been translated, at- ary conflict, when she resided in a small and epigrammatic opinion on these points, for tacked, criticised, and praised, according Gothic house at Richmond, which is visi- which we are indebted to a very able country.

man of M. de Stael. to the wants or humours of the parties. ble from the river above the bridge; and

“ Née à Paris d'un père Génevois, et ayant The author published a defence of her again about three years ago. During her épousé un Suédois, Madame de Stael sembla work.

stay in London, she was much courted réunir en elle les qualités particulières des trois In 1803, she revisited Paris, and formed by persons of the highest rank and of all nations qui sembloient avoir influé sur son existhat connection with Mr. Benjamin Con- parties. Some of her bon-mots are in tence. On troave dans ses ouvrages le brillant stant, a Swiss of considerable literary circulation, but we can ueither vouch for Genève, et les principes littéraires particulièreattainments, which lasted to the day of

ment adoptés dans le Nord de l'Europe. her death. Whether for past or present this piece was composed in 1786, and the Tra- the " Biographie Universelle," in which the ate

2 Madame de Stael was one of the writers in offences is not easy to tell, but Napoleon

About ticles " Aspasie, Camoens, Cleopatra,” &c. are was not slow in banishing her to the dis- gedy of Lady Jane Gray in 1787.

the same time Madame de Stael wrote

an from her pen. Two letters from her to Talma tance of forty leagues from the capital. “ Eulogy on Guibert," not published but quo- appeared in a Bourdeanx Journal about a month Report says that on this occasion the Lady ted in the Correspondence of Baron Grimm. ago. She was upon the point of publishing told him : " You are giving me a cruel

? This work was suppressed by Buonaparte,"Considerations on the respective situation of

and snbsequently published in London, from a France and England in 1813,” at the time of celebrity ; I shall occupy a line in copy secreted by the author in 1814. her decease. We take it for granted that it your history.”—This sentence is so am Translated into English by Mr. D. Boileau. will be edited.

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