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speare, which Mr. W. unluckily mislaid | Carved out his passage, till he fac'd the slave; comfiture, the trophies of a second, and more at the moment of writing these opinions. And ne'er shouk hands, nor bade farewell to brilliant, triumph. This key is a knowledge of human na- Till he onseam'd him from the nave to the of Macbeth's valour and humanity before
We agree in Mr. Kemble's general view ture. If Mr. W. had looked into his own chaps, heart, he would have known that insen- And fixed his head upon our battlements, bis fall. Upon this, not only there can sibility of danger is not courage; that Why does Shakspeare appoint Macbeth to be no doubt, but there must be much true courage consists in a due sense of the noble hazard of meeting the fierce Mac-surprise at the erroneous view which Mr. danger and the being able, like Mac-donwald in single opposition, hand to hand? Whately has taken of the subject. Mr. beth, when occasion requires, to stifle Why does he call him brave, and emphati- Kemble has showed, that in assigning and subdue that sense, and to proceed Why does he grace him with the title of able or superior quality, in contradistinc
cally insist on his deserving that name intrepidity to Richard, as a commendwith our purpose. In substance Mr. W. Valour's Minion; and presently-styling him informs the world that Macbeth's reso-Bellona's bridegroom,--deem him worthy tion from the resolution of Macbetli, lution proceeds from exertion; and yet in to be matched even with the Goddess of Mr. W. erred with his eyes open, against enterprise, which is only another name War? Could the poet thus labour the de- the spirit and text of Shakspeare, and for exertion, he betrays fear; so that ac- scription of his hero, and not design to im- the palpable mode in which Richard had cording to this distinguished authority, trepidity ? Macbeth's great heart pants to whole drama, he is exhibited as a being
press a full idea of the lostiness of his in- committed his atrocities. Through the his courage and his fear proceed from the meet the barbarous leader of the rebels: his of early and habitual malevolence. Deep same cause. But to make amends for this, brandished steel, reeking with intermediate when occasion requires,—that is, when slaughter, has hewn out a passage to him; craft, hypocrisy, inordinate ambition, in exertion or enterprise, he is able to and he maintains the combat, till the death and a hatred of his fellow-creatures ocstifle or subdue his fear! Really, really of his antagonist crowns his persevering casioned by his personal deformity, are Messieurs Whately and Steevens, your valour with a glorious victory.
the basis of his character. Upon this, his opponent Mr. Kemble has let you off has resolution, not intrepidity. What is the duties of Son, Brother, Husband and
Macheth, it is asserted in the Remarks, sanguinary.coutempt for all the ties and upon these fooleries, with as much soldier's intrepidity, but a disdain of for: Christian, are founded. The evil dispogood nature and dignity, as if he justly tune? or in less figurative words, what, but feared to forfeit a portion of his own es- that perfect scorn of danger which Glamis so sition exists in him, before the occasions timation by condescending to noticeeniinently displays, whenever fit occasions occur, which call it into action. His inthem.
call him into it?'Further, it is objected, trepidity, if by that word Mr. W. means, The following extract will shew that though with some restriction, that in Mac- in its usual sense, courage in personal Mr. Kemble has completely refuted Mr. from nature"; and that in enterprise he betrays of Bosworth, where he only faced a dan
beth, courage proceeds from ererlion, not encounter, is not visible, until the battle W.'s comparative view of Richard and a degree of fear.—Let us revert to ShakMacbeth.
ger, from wbich he could not escape speare : The appeal for judgment on the quality Serg. No sooner justice had, with valour armid,
without abandoning his crown and kingof the courage of Macbeth, does not depend, Compellid these skipping Kernes to trust their dom, and attempting a precarious flight, as questions of criticism often necessarily heels,
as an outlaw and exile, beyond seas. Is must, on conjecture and inference; it ad- But the Norwegian Lord, surveying vantage, this, in a thing of kneaded treason and dresses itself directly to the plain ineaning with furbished arms, and new supplies of men, murder, in “ the bloody and devouring of every passage where Shakspeare touches Began a fresh assault.
Boar,” Richard, a commendable quality, on this subject . The shortness of the time Our Captains, Macbeth and Banquo?
Dunc. Dismay'd not this allotted for the performance of a play, usually
or a quality to be admired? The field
Serg. Yes, makes it impracticable to allow the princi- As sparrows, eagles, or the hare, the lion.
was bis desperate resource froin an appal personages space sufficient for their un
proaching danger; and he only went out folding themselves gradually before the the battle, and completes the fainting ser- which must have overtaken him in a
Here the Thane of Rosse arrives post from to meet that evil on the day of battle, spectator; it is, therefore, a necessary and beautiful artifice with dramatic writers, by geant's unfinished narrative:
more formidable shape on the morrow. an impressive description of their heroes, Norway himself, with terrible numbers,
A movement like this, accompanied in to bring us in great measure acquainted The Thiane of Cawdor,'gan a dismal conflict with them, before they are visibly engaged till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof, sweats and dreaming terrors of ghosts
its progress by doubts, suspicions, cold in action on the stage; where without this Confionted him with self-comparisons, previous delineation, their proceedings might Point against point rebellious, arm’gainst arm,
and goblins, is any thing but courage often appear confused, and sometimes per- Corbing bis lavish'd spirit: and to conclude,
or intrepidity. The true character of a haps be unintelligible. We are bound, then, | The victory fell on us.
coward is complex; it unites a dread of . to look on the introductory portrait which
Is it, then, to betray fear in enterprise-danger and death with an eagerness in our author has drawn of Macbeth, as the already worn with the toils, and weakened by oppressing and spilling the blood of true resemblance of him; for the mind may the losses of a hard-fought, well-won field others, and a desperate determination or not picture to itself a person of the poet's to rush, at disadvantage, on fresh and fright- fury in the last extremity. arbitrary invention, under any features, but ful numbers, with unconcern like that which those by which that invention has thought eagles and lions might be conceived to shew,
“ Cowards are cruel, but the brave fit to identify him_Here is the portrait :
Delight in mercy and to save.” if opposed to hares and sparrows? While Serg. The merciless Macdonwald
Macbeth thus dedicates himself to the face If cruelty be a proof of cowardice, Ricle
of peril does his behaviour indicate reluc- ard is a coward. If to delight in mercy, from the Western Isles tance? Does it betray the result of effort and be an attribute of bravery, where shall Of Kernes and Gallowglasses is supplied ; And Fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,
exertion ? No; it is the impulse of a daunt- we find a bravery ir Richard ?-In the Shew'd like a rebels whore: but all's too weak: Bellona through the dismal conflict again to be certainly manifests an unappeasable
less temper, that hurries the bridegroom of commission of a succession of murders, For brave Macbeth, (well be deserves that name,)
confront the enemy, and hold him point to Disdaining Fortune, with his brandish'd steel, point, till his resistless arm has curbed the eagerness, and fixed cruelty; but surely Which smok'd with bloody execution,
over-confident presumption of the royal in this dark and remorseless perseverance Like valour's minioni,
vader of his country, and raised, on his dis-in sanguinary purposes, is unworthy the
name of courage. In the defeat and most studied and powerfully marked His college life passed, and he was death of Richard a moral is held up to characters.” In opposition to this last confirmed in his liberal sentiments, by a men of his own stamp, that there is a we gave this brief opinion of Macbeth— friendship which he had formed there. punishment for similar crimes even in “ We may notice an exception in Mac- One night he had accompanied the this world. In the example of Macbeth, beth, who was not naturally bad or Mowbrays to the theatre, where Macklin the virtuous are instructed that, by yield- cruel. Ambition, joined to what he performed Shylock. A large party was ing to unlawful ambition, the best and deemed the supernatural excitements of in the next box, and a young lady, the bravest nature may sink to the lon'est the Weird sisters and the remorseless daughter of a Jew, having been much degree of guilt and meet the most tre- goadings of his aspiring consort, proved shocked at the play, was taken ill. Harmendous punishment.
the temptations, which first led him to rington assisted her, and thus commenced As so many reviews are written under step from the path of loyalty and justice an acquaintance. He now began to the influence of personal favor or party into treason and midnight murder. His think of marrying her, but his father motives, we are happy to have it in our murders are not committed upon his own threatened to disinherit him; for though power to shew by a reference to our kindred, and his worst guilt is followed she was an heiress, she was a Jewess. former opinions, that we have here given by some compunctious visitings of na- He applied for advice to his friend Lord an unbiassed approbation of Mr. Kem- ture.” These few extracts shew that Mowbray, who had himself, it seems, a ble's general reasoning. Our remarks in four months prior to the appearance of secret wish to win her affections, and the Literary Gazette of the 22nd of Mr. Kemble's essay, our opinions of who taunted and ridiculed Harrington's February last, on the difference between Macbeth's superior character before his passion, asserting that he himself could the character of Richard and Macbeth, fall, generally agree with the observations have won her, had he chosen, till Harwill be found to correspond in their proof that gentleman.
W. C. rington, piqued at his vanity, permitted minent points, with the observations of
him to win her, if he could. Accordingly this gentleman. Of this the following
HARRINGTON; a Tale. ORMOND; the rivals commence operations, and an extracts from our essay, will be sufficient a Tale. By MARIA EDGEWORTH.
admirable account of Mowbray's stratproofs : Through all Gloucester's fine We have read these volumes with un- agems succeeds. However, he fails in spun hypocrisy, the settled bloodiness of common delight and interest; nor do we obtaining the affections of Berenice, and his mind breaks into a cruel and scoffing think they yield the palm to any of Miss shortly after, Harrington proposes. Her alacrity, when gratifying his appetite for Edgeworth's other productions. They father who has a high regard for him, inblood. The murders of Prince Edward seem to have been written with peculiar forms him that an obstacle, which he and King Henry are accompanied by care, the plots are not too much spun cannot name, must prevent an union, and circumstances of atrocious inhumanity. out, and the characters and incidents Harrington in vain endeavours to deveThe mode in which he worked up his are all subservient to the main story, lope the nature of it. brother, king Edward, on his death-bed
which is so nicely constructed, that eveu Fowler, the woman who had formerly to put his brother Clarence to death was
the most trivial circumstance, and appa- been Harrington's attendant, and had in. rendered more detestable by his protes-rently the most useless, is made coudu- spired him with a terror of Jews, was now tations of love and pity to the latter; cive to the final developement of the ca- living with the Mowbrays, and Jacob, who tells his assassins.” tastrophe.
the Jew whose cause Harrington had .“ He bewept my fortune,
These remarks apply to the first tale espoused at school, was apprenticed to a And hugged me in his arms and swore with sobs, in particular, which, we confess, is our jeweller. Lord Mowbray's mother missed That he would lahor my delivery."
favorite, and a sketch of which we shall an invaluable ring in the jeweller's shop, Our readers will also find in the Lite- proceed to give.
and accused Jacob of having purloined rary Gazette of February 22, that we Harrington, the hero, tells his own it. He applied to Harrington, who in noticed in the deaths of Rivers, Gray, story. He begins with his childhood. the end discovered that Fowler had and Vaughan, Buckingham, and Hast. When he was about six years old, the pledged it at a pawnbroker's. Fowler, ings, a horrid bloodthirstiness and “an maid who attended him, was accustomed now on the point of ruin, falls on her equal movement of the appetites for mur-to terrily him into obedience, by means knees, and discloses to Harrington a plot der and feasting." “ Shakspeare has of an old Jew who used frequently to formed by Lord Mowbray against him, drawn the mind of the sanguinary pass by the house, and whom she repre- in order to prevent his marriage with Be. usurper, the dark counterpart of his de- sented as a child-eater. Young Har-renice. She and an apothecary contrived formed body. His sbrewd insight into rington, being naturally nervous, was so to acquaiut the father of Berenice that human nature does not extend beyond a possessed with dread, that he lost both Harrington had, from his childhood, been knowledge of its weaknesses avd evil health and spirits, and moreover, im- subject to tits of insanity, and it was the propensities, and is employed in wading bibed a superstitious hatred of Jews. father's belief in this fabrication, which through an indiscriminate slaughter of This hatred, as he grew up to manbood, induced him to withhold bis assent to King, Prince, Nobles, and Gentry, with his father, who was a politician, contri- the marriage. Lord Mowbray too, at out sparing age or sex among his own buted to cherishı.
this critical juncture had been wounded nearest kindred. He is destitute of a At school he formed a party against a tra- in a duel, and on his death-bed, consingle good quality, unless a relentless velling Jew who used to sell his wares to fessed the conspiracy. Harrington's fahardihood in the perpetration of crimes the young gentlemen ; but in consequence ther becomes reconciled to Jews in conand a desperate ferocity in risking his of the cruel conduct of another boy, the sequence of the assistance he received life to defend his ill-got crown, can be young Lord Mowbray, to this Jew, na- from Berenice's father, at a moment when considered virtues. With all its intermix- ture burst through prejudice, he be- the failure of a bank had nearly undone ture of treason and jesting, murder, friended the Jew, and" in due time, by a him. All parties, therefore, are reconfeasting and merriment, this, in its class, common process of the human mind, lost ciled. It appears that Berenice is not a is certainly one of our immortal poet's all his former autipathy to the race. Jewess, as her father had married a Pro
testant, and as she was educated in her had this day listened to all that seemed so Lord Mowbray, a perfect Proteus when he mother's persuasion. No further diffi- unlikely to interest a boy of my age, my wished to please, changed his manner succulty remains, and Harrington receives father, with a smile and a wink, and a side cessively from that of ihe sentimental lover the hand of his mistress.
nod of his head, not meant, I suppose, for to that of the polite gallant, and accomplish
me to see, but which I noticed the more, ed man of the world, and when this did not It will add to the interest of this en-pointed me out to the company, hy whom it succeed, he had recourse to philosophy, reatertaining tale to know, that it was writ. I was unanimously agreed that my attention son, and benevolence. ten in consequence of a letter which Miss was a proof of uncommon abilities, and an No hint, which cunning and address could Edgeworth received from an American early decided taste for public business. improve to his purpose, was lost upon MowJewess, complaining of the illiberality with Young, Loid Mowbray, a boy some years bray. Mrs. Coates had warned me that which the Jewish nation had been treated older than myself, a gawkee school-boy, was Miss Montenero was touchy on the Jewish in some of her former works.
present; and had, during this long hour chapter, and his lordship was aware it was
after dinner, manifested sundry symptoms as the champion of the Jews, that I had first We now proceed to make some ex-of impatience, and made many vain efforts been favourably represented by Jacob, and tracts.
to get me out of the room. After cracking favourably received by Mr Montenero.The scene where his father strengthens his nuts and his nut-shells, and thrice crack- Soon Lord Mowbray appeared to be deeply his juvenile antipathy towards Jews is ing the cracked, after suppressing the thick interested, and deeply read in every thing well described.
coming yawns that at last could no longer be that had been written in their favour. - There was at this time, during a recess of suppressed, he had risen, writhed, stretched, He rummaged over Tovey and Ockley; and Parliament, some intention among the Lon- and had fairly taken himself out of the room. Pries! ley's leiters to the Jews, and The Letters don merchants to send addresses to Govern. And now he just peeped in, to see if he could of certain Jews to M. de Voltaire, were buoks ment in favour of the Jews; and addresses tempt me forth to play.
which he now continually quoted in converwere to be procured from the country. The
“No, no,” cried my father,“ you'll not get sation. country members, and among them, of course, Harrington, I'm afraid, he is too deep here
With great address he wondered that he my father, were written to; but he was
politics—but, however, Harrington, my dear had never happened to meet with them till furiously against the naturalizution : he con-boy, 'tis not the thing for your young compa- lately; and confessed, that he believed he sidered all who were for it as enemies to nion-go off and play with Mowbray—but never should have thought of reading them, England; and, I believe,
to religion. He ran stay, first, since you've been one of us so but that really the subject had of late become down to the country to take the sense of his long, what have we been talking of?"
so interesting. constituents, or to impress them with his
“The Jews, to be sure, Papa."
Of Voltaire's illiberal attacks upon the sense of the business. Previous to some in
“ Right,” cried my father—" and what Jews, and of the King of Prussia's intolertended country meeting; there were, I reabout them, my dear?”
ance towards them, he could never express member, varioiis dinners of constituents at
“Whether they ought to be let live insufficient detestation, nor could he ever suffimy father's, and attempts after dinner over a
England, or any where?"
ciently extol Cumberland's “ Benevolent bottle of wine, to convince them that they were, or ought to be of my father's opinion, cried my father, though that is a larger Quviations from one or the other were conand that they had better all juin him
in the view of the subject than we took." toast of “ The Jews are down, and keep 'em
“ And what reasons did you hear?" said a of a man so deeply impressed with certain
tipually in readiness, uttered with all the air down."
gentleman in conipany.
sentiments, that they involuntarily burst A subject apparently less likely to interest à child of my age, than this Act of Parlia-Sir, to call upon the boy for all the reasons also perceive to be in imitation of what he ment about the naturalization of the Jews, he has heard, but you'll pot pose him, had seen succeed with me; and I was not a could hardly be imagined, but from
my pe-Speak out, speak up, Harrington, my boy;", little Hattered by observing, that Berenice culiar associations it did attract my attention. I was curious to know what my father and
“ No; that was not a fair question," said the counterfeit. The affectation was skil
was unconsciously pleased if not caught by all the gentlemen were saying about the wyfather au but my boy, you know on fully managed with a dash of his own manJews at these dinners, from which my mother and the ladies were excluded. I was eager
“ To be sure, on your side, father.”
ner, tbrough the whole preserving an air of “ That's right-bravo !-- To know
nature and consistency-so that Le had all to claim my privilege of marching into the
which side one is, is one great point in life.” standing, naturally liberal, had, on one partia dining-room after dinner, and taking iny
the appearance of a person whose umderstand beside my father's elbow, and then I
" And I can tell on which side every one cular subject, been suddenly warıned and would gradually edge myself on, till I got here is.". Then going round the table, I
exalted by the passion of love. possession of half his chair, and established touched the shoulder of each of the company,
The counterteit was so exquisite, that nota place for my elbow on the table. I re- saying, “ A Jew,"_" No Jex," and bursts of
withstanding my confidence in her father's member one day sitting for an hour together, applause ensued.-p. 35, &c. turning from one person to another as each The following account of Lord Mow- penetration, and ia her talent of discerning spoke, incapable of comprehending their ar-bray's attacks on the heart of Berenice dreaded lest they should both be imposed
what was natural and what was affected, I guments, but fully understanding the ve-deserve insertion. hemence of their tones, and sympathising in
Lord Chesterfield's style of conversation, the varying expression of passion; and as and that of any of the people in Xenophon's of good memories. Mowbray had really an
It has often been said, that liars lave need which speaker was for, and which against, less compatible, than the simplicity of Migs excellent memory, but yet it was not suffithe Jews.
cient for all his occasions. Montenero, and the wit of Lord Mowbray. All those who were against the Jews, I I never saw a man of wit so puzzled and
He contradicted himself sometimes withconsidered as my father's friends; all those provoked as he was by a character of ge-out perceiving it, but not without its being whu were for the Jews, I called by a common nuine simplicity. He was as much out of perceived. Intent upon one point, he lamisnomer, or metonymy of the passions, my his element with such a character, as any of boured that admirably, but be sometimes father's enemics; hecause my father was the French lovers in Marmontel's tales forgot that any thing could be seen beyond their enemy. The feeling of party spirit, would be tête-à-tête with a Romay or a Gre- that point-he forgot the bearings and conwhich is caught by children as quickly as it can matron-as much at a loss as one of nexions. He never forgot his liberality is revealed by inen, now combined to the fine gentlemen in Congreve's plays about the Jews, and about every thing, lestrengthen still more, and to exasperate my might find himself, if condemned to hold lative to !lebrew ground; but on other raely prepossessions,
parley with one of the hervines of Sophocles questions, in which he thought Mr. MonteAstonished by the attention with which I or of Euripides.
nero and his daughter had no concern, his
party spirit and his want of toleration for Ibility, and wild and boundless exultation to When first they strove their downward gaze to
fill other sects broke out. p. 323, &c. a popular mind, of all others the deepest and
We find we must defer our Review of firmest to receive the mightier impressions. With the fall grandeur of their glorions prizem « Orniond” till our vext number. On this intellectual ocean the tempest of a Paris!-the name that from their cradle still time unequalled in human vicissitude, was let Stung them in dreams: now, glittering in their
eyes, loose, and when its magnificent heavings had PARIS, IN 1815, A POEM. It has been justly observed, that English subsided, its old houndaries were to be found Now won-won by the Victory of Victories! poetry has, within these few years, changed no longer; the innumerable little erections for this, had bled their battle round the world; its characteristics. From ihe laborious that idleness or absurdity had erected as if For this, they round the world had come to war; of Pope, down to the affected sentiment of force had been carried away, and a new soil And some, the blue Atlantic stemming far; pomp of Johnson, and the polished epigram to limit that vast and unfathomed mass of Some, with the shattered ensign that unfurled the Hayley and Della Cruscan school, all created for a new and bolder architecture. And soine, a matchless band from swarthy Spain, has been cleared away, and the ground filled other causes may have assisted in the great with well-worn steel, and breasts of many a up with a “ building of immortal verse," developement of the English mind within that restoring us to the natural and vigorous the last quarter of a century ;- but in our And all their plains to their last conquering
plain tastes of the English mind, promises to live poetry the result has been a passion for as long as nature in its vigour has power thought, for nervous compression, for daring Were sport, and all their trophies to this trophy
vain. beyond feeble and quaint affectation. All originality, for the out-pouring of the whole our tastes had hitherto been imported. Our feeling of the whole man, even in its rude- And there are symbols round the Mount that
show admiration had been solicited to faded copies ness, if in its truth; and an utter loathing of French and Italian design. The sickly of the old affectations of language, and sen- What terror on the boastful land has been ; and artificial forms of feeling in those arti- timent, of full-dress phrase, and sickly sen-Glares from its embrasures the iron row,
With scarp and fosse is cut the tender green, ficial countries had been erected as standards sibility:
The howitz watches down the spiked ravine,
Our limits in this review are restricted by The steel-barbid frize, the pyramid of ball, for the stature and proportion of English the variety of matter which it is the pur- Start on the eye from cot and vintage-screen: Ewenty years since was to have left no line pose of our Journal to lay before the reader, And froin the summit tower, the flag-staff tall unpainted by personal satire, pedantic con- and we shall therefore make our few extracts Lifts England's bannera cross
- triumphant ceit, or fashionable allusion. We had from the poem of“ Paris in 1815," without learned grimace from its regular professors, further observation than that in a brief pre- The gale has come,—at once the deecy haze and a Court dress was indispensable for the face it announces itself as the writing of Floats up,—then stands a purple canopy, poetry which desired to be received among
a visitant at Paris in the memorable year in Shading the Imperial City from the blaze. the wise or the wealthy, the fair and the which the concluding blow was given to Glorious the vision! tower and temple lie polite, the accomplished distributors of Napoleon, that it gives descriptions of the Beneath the morn, like waves of ivory, praise, and the potent wielders of patronage. prominent objects of the capital, and that with many an azure streak, and gnsh of green, Where the inspiration was administered by ihe author's view of them is taken chiefly in As grove and garden on the dazzled eye drawing rooms, excellence must be gradu- connexion with their revolutionary celebrity. Rise in successive beauty, and between,
Flows into sudden light the long, slow, serpent ated by the connexion of the poet with high We make the extracts as they casually meet
Seine, life; the boudoir was thus ihe Parnassus.
The first view is at morning from
The traveller then leaves the Mount and Montmartre, at that time a British quarter. In this arrangement the multitude were excluded. The infinite and splendid resources
The spectator is glancing round the horizon plunges into the darkness and crowd of of poetic feeling open through the outer still shadowed with the early vapours. Paris, sees the Abbuye prison, and recollects range of society, general, rich, and powerful St. Cloud ! How stately from the green hill's sketches the general aspects of the Streets
the detail of inassacres of September; as the sunlight and the air, were contemned side in the eagerness to force a meagre and Shoots up thy Parian pile! His transient hold, from them all' by meeting the Royal Pro
and the people, and is suddenly abstracted exotic luxuriancy in the narrow confine of Who wore the iron crown of Regicide!
cession on its way to Notre Dame, previously art and ceremonial that struts in upper life, He treads its balls no more--his bour is told.
to the opening of the Chambers. We have and poetry was rapidly degenerating into The circle widens; Sevres bright and cold the state where its most illustrious employ- Spared for Minerva's sake, when round' her of the Church service.
room only for ihe stanzas in which he speaks ment would be found among birthday odes, elegies on lapdogs, mottos for Albums, and from yon high brow the Invader's fiery zone,
The pile is full; and oh, what splendours there sonnets to “an eye-brow." We have sud
Rush in thick tumult on the entering eye! Resistless, as can tell thy faded towers, Mendon! The Gothic shapes, fantastic, yet austere ; denly plunged into a different order of being. A trumpet!-at the sound Mont Martre's spread, The altar's crown of seraph imagery; The poetry of England, as if by an irresisti- With martial crowds, a glittering, crimson lide Champion and king that on their tombstones ble sympathy, sprung into strength and Pouring incessant from its snn-bright head lie, splendour with the national cause, and the Part, that in splendour deepen down its side, Now clustered deep with beauty's living bloom; most signal struggle that ever tried and en- lo square and line, and column wheeling wide And glanced from shadowy stall and alcove nobled the arms of a people, seemed sent not To many a solemn touch of harmony.
high, less to elevate the national genius to the Part, to the far champaign that clanging ride, Like new-born light thro' that mysterious gloom, most stately supremacy.
Like the long flashes of the Summer sky, The gleam of warrior steel, the toss of warrior All our present poetry has been born and Like fresh plumed eagles from their aery high. plume. matured with the war against France. Ba- The British bands ! a power is in the sound ! The organ peals ;-at once, as some vast wave, con observes that inind like the works of It speaks of freedom, virtue, valour nigh Bend to the earth the mighty multitude, nature enlarges in all its proportions toge- It calls up England upon foreign ground ! Silent as those pale emblems of the grave ther. The war which raised up among us Far be from us the false philosophy
Io monumental marble round them strew'd. in that hour of the world's darkness, the That owns nou Country's nobly-partial tie ! Low at the Altar, forms in cope and hood successive splendors of those statesmen and In distance and in death to fix the eye
The thoughts that like a second nature come Superb with gold wrought cross and diamond heroes, whose light is still living on our Ou the heart's classic soil,--by temple, tomb,
As in the pile, alone with life endued, eye, though their forms have obeyed the By all love's names endear'd-by all in one, Toss their untiring censers round the shrine, general law, and gone down from before us,
Where on the throne of clouds the Virgin sits gave energy to the whole spirit of the peo- War has its mighty moments :
- Heart of man! ple. The occasional privations, the fierce Have all thy pulses vigour for a thrill
Gorgeous! but love I not such pomp of prayer ; hazards, the dazzling successes of that mys- Prouder than thro' those gallant bosons ran,
Ill bends the heart mid mortal luxury. terious and solemn time, were made to give When first their standards waved above that Rather let me the meek devotion share, boldness and majesty, tragic depth of sensi
Where in their silent gleos and thickers high,
England, thy lone and lowly chapels lie; himself to the dull.country life here; many examining, an eruption of Vesuvius the The spotless table by the eastern wall, pine after home. The farmer is, as I have victim of imprudenit curiosity, this circumThe marble, rudely traced with names gone by, already said, bis own master, he sells his stance alone would not perhaps have entitled The pale-eyed pastor's simple, fervent call ;
corn very well, pays his taxes, and does not him to hold a higher rank than Empedocles; Those deeper wake the heart, where heart is all want to buy any thing. The soil produces but he commanded the fleet of Misenum, in all,
him everything, and with a small capital, and if his first emotion was that of curiosity The poem then gives a rapid glance at the a laborious farmer can in a very short time on the sight of the phenomenon, his second Temple, where the Royal family were confined, prosper. An acre of uncleared land in a fine feelings prompted him to attempt the rescue at the Margue or receptacle for Suicides, the country and good soil costs two or three dol- of bis vessels and the inhabitants of the Boulevards, the Tuileries, the Royal Apart-lars, of which the half is paid directly, and the towns on the coast. After having given ments, and the throne of Napoleon. This other half in six months. The population every necessary direction, he hastened to evidently comprehends but a portion of the of the United States is now eight millions; save one of his friends, who resided in a sights and singularities of the French me, but if the Europeans will continue to come retired spot, and thus perished in the fulfiltropolis, but a second part is to follow, and as they have done from the year 1800, it will ment of the most affecting duty; it is for the subject may still have no fear of being in a short time be increased beyond calcula- this that we admire his courage and his exhausted. The present is about the length tion. Pennsylvania alone could maintain death, of Lord Byron's minor poems.
on an extent of twenty-seven millions of The history of Ines de Castro offers a sub
acres, fourteen millions of men. There is ject which belongs of right to the province EXTRACTS of LETTERS from a Swiss Tra- therefore room enough for new comers. of Romance; it is even astonishing that it
VELLER in NORTH AMERICA in the The climate here is not the most agreeable, should have so long escaped the observation Summer of 1816.
on account of the sudden changes of the air. of the authoress of so many novels. The (Concluded.)
The thermometer sometimes changes in one event is as affecting as terrible, the heroine The country round Philadelphia and further afternoon 20°, from warm to cold; the great- excites the liveliest interest; history has not inland is inexpressibly beautiful; all indi- The Winter, they say, is very rough and Muse has strewed Howers over her tomb;
est heat which I experienced here was 950, disdained to preserve her memory, the epic cates great prosperity. Fruit which only wants cold, and lasts four or five months. The Go- and finally she inspired Lamotte, to produce to be gathered, and delightful nieadows where the finest cattle graze, one sees continu- verament and its rights are much like those a tragedy, which is never performed without ally; there are also many handsome country is not plagued about pass-ports or any thing
of Switzerland; one lives quite free, and exciting the highest interest. houses. The farmer is there his own mas- else. There is no public police : duelling is ties in Mad. de Genlis’talent : consequently
Elegance and taste are predominant qualiter; he does not want to work, because the forbidden under severe penalties; when she never strays from the busy world and the bour: whoever loves a country life and has they quarrel they settle it after the English court; it may be added, that her figures are plenty of money, does very well to come to cient laws which are partly too mild and prising under that head the age of Louis
fashion. I see that there are many insuffi- generally all French and all modern, comSwiss arrived here without money and with give the wicked too much liberty; for these XIV, and all that succeeded him down to. out prospects-that is a misery! There
eleven years only one man has been con- the Revolution exclusively; she appears to lately arrived a ship with 500 of these un
demned to death, and he was hanged a few write from memory rather than from inagihappy people who were not even able to pay murders, many blamed the Government for highly natural and entertaining.
days ago. Though he had committed three nation, and her works are consequently for their passage. Many of them regret their his condemnation; the clergy defended him emigration, but it is now too late. They in the pulpit, the journalists in their papers, to love ; they were the soul of chivalry, and
Women are not less sensible to glory than were sold here as servants. Children are and the Quakers sent petitions to the Pre have frequently exercised the happiest irbest paid for; girls and boys who are not sident for his release. able to pay for their passage, serve till their
Auence over Princes, loy making an advar18th and 21st year, like black slaves. A buy themselves cstates; the poor live in beauty, to inspire them with noble senti
Here are many French refugees; the rich tageous use of the powers of grace and five years to pay for his passage, which is great misery; about 400 of them enlisted ments, or to correct their vicious inclina
themselves in the service of the Spaniards, tions. Mad. de Genlis has endeavoured to 80 dollars. old people cannot find any body who by Aattering promises and brilliant present in Ines an additional example of 50 of them on board the ship, who wait
with prospects enticed these poor strangers and these feelings, so honourable to her sex ; but an anxious heart to know their fate. If they sent them to Mexico.
it appears to us, that she ought to have find nobody to take them for their passage
made her less imprudent than she is in the money, they are thrown into prison, where Les Tableaur de M. le Comte de Forbin, ou first part of the work. She seems to forget: they must work with malesactors in sawing la mort de Pline l'ancien, et Ines de Castro, too suddenly the precepts and last commarble, till they have earned enough to par Mad. lu Comtesse de Gentis.
mands of a grandmother, who bestowed on pay for their passage, which may last ten The death of the elder Pliny is one of the her the most tender cares, and resolves too or twelve years. What barbarians are the finest subjects that can possibly be chosen precipitately to abandon the peaceful abode men, the blood-suckers, who grow rich by for painting: the idea which Horace in- of her intant years for the splendid tumult such a traffic!-There are some Germans spires of the Philosopher who stands alone of a court. All this, it is true, is managed who do so, and circulate the most tempting amidst the ruins of the world, is there and explained with much nature and delipamphlets. The last who sailed for this rcalized. Pliny the elder resembled those cacy: the character of women, and ot' young purpose, said, before his departure, that this great men who appeared in Rome and Italy women in particular, is every where well should be his last voyage, and if this one at the period when civilization was first in maintained; and the spirit of the work is succeeded, he should be rich enough. The troduced into those countries by the arms undoubtedly augmented by those circumship which brought the last refugees gained and arts of Greece. Whether warriors, stances, though they perhaps tend in some at least 30,000 forins. Persons who can statesmen, or philosophers, they were all measure to diminish the interest which Ines pay for their passage and have still a little infinitely superior to the rude and ferocious should inspire. money remaining in their hands to buy a heroes of the early ages of the Republic; Her first interview with the Prince presmall piece of land and maintain themselves but the splendor of their rising served only sents a scene full of strong emotion and ef for a while do very well: but the others are to mark the overthrow of all that was va- fect; and is happily conceived to establish more unhappy than they would ever be in luable in the morals and institutions of their the relations which are thenceforward to Europe. A good workman is not badly off; country.
exist between the hero and the heroine of but these increase very much, and will, in Noble and laudable as a desire to promote the history. In the absence of her guardian the end, have but little profit. Besides, a the advancement of science undoubtedly is, who had gone to Lisbon, to solicit for her a young European cannot so soon accustom yet, if Pliny had perished merely through place near the person of the Queen, Ines