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END OF VOL. I.

Journal of Belles Lettres, Politics and fashion.

OR

view of our literature for the last twenty deluged Europe with blood, the English subscriptions for the purpose. Subscriptions NO. XXIV. SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1817.

PRICE ls. PRESENT STATE OF ENGLISH LITE- in England all the vices which are per- sical school, which was set on fout by subscrip; RATURE. haps inseparable from excess of refine-tion : but the town having latterly increased

in wealth and population with a rapidity not ment. But on the other hand we may to be often parallelled in the old world, the In one of the last year's numbers of a

add to our consolation, that there is no established school was found inequal to the foreign journal, La Bibliotheque Univer- country where the virtues which tend to increased demand for instrnction. The idea selle, we have met with a view of the alleviate natural evils, and the sufferings increasing demand occurred to a spirited and present state of English Literature, which of society, are so general, and practised intelligent individual. He consulted with some

friends on the propriety of the measure: it was on the whole gives a pretty impartial re- with such judicious activity.

“While political fanaticism and war approved of, and a resolution made to solicit years, and names many of our most

: the . tinguished writers in the different depart

were improving all the means of allevia- cations with a laudable promptitude; and, ments of learning. ting the sufferings of their fellow crea- within two or three days, the sum of 30001.

The solicitors thas encouThe author is of opinion that the En- tures, and spreading among them the was subscribed.

raged proceeded with alacrity, and within a very glish manners, particularly the exclusion knowledge of the truth.

Thus they short time the subscriptions amounted to a sum of the women from general society, pre-improved upon the principles of How far exceeding any expectation, that liad been vents the literati from adding to their ard, the management of the hospitals and originally formed. The subscription list closed solid learning a refined and delicate taste. prisons; they acquainted Europe with the with above 16,0001.

The first object had been a school only; but Every requisite for this was found in the discovery of the immortal Jenner ; they when subscriptions flowed in so readily, the highest possible degree in Paris before abolished the slave-trade, and introduced views of the collectors extended with the growthe revolution. The English, who rivaled civilization into Africa; they established ing spirit of the coutributors, and a plan of the French in the sciences, found them societies for the relief of foreigners in education was given to the public, embracing the only school in which they could modistress; they spread the light of know- the proposed addition of several professorships

an extensive and complete school course with dify and soften the peculiarities arising ledge over distant countries, by making in different departments of science. from their character, their manners,

them acquainted with our sacred wri In the year 1810 the plan was enlarged and their insular situation, their independence, tings; they discovered, and taught to matured, and the subscribers incorporated by and their favorite recreations, play, and the rest of the world, that simplified and bers, or proprietors, forming a corporate body, the table.

easy method of eleinentary instruction, are empowered to establish and maintain an The English having been cut off du- the object of which is to raise to the dig- Academical Institution in the town of Belfast, ring a twenty years' war from all com

nity of man millions of individuals for affording to youth a classical and mercanmunication with the civilized world, ex- whom fortune has condemned to igno- Natural Philosophy, Logic, Metaphysics, Belles cept such as arose from increasing com

rance. In general, a universal spirit of Lettres, Moral Philosophy, Chemistry, Botany, merce and great military operations, the beneficence, respect for misfortune, emu- Agriculture, and other branches of science. natural consequence was, that the richer lation in works of charity, predomina- The act also erects two boards, one of manaclasses having no more any opportunity ted among this same people, whose peers for the economical, and one of visitors for of neutralising their habits in a foreign spirit was exalted by the sense of its in- der their care plans for the necessary buildings country, the national defects took deep-dependence and its strength, which had were procured. The plan since carried into depend on the imagination, and one of the world, and of the sovereignty of the The buildings proceeded with rapidity

, and in er root, and the literary productions which made itself master of the commerce of effect was the gift of

, I believe, the ingenions whose chief merits is to harmonise with seas. It seems that England, while it November 1813, matters were in such a state the tone of society, savour more and was destined to unite the rest of Europe of forwardness, that the boards met and elected more of their native soil. The observa. in a common exertion of its strength, and masters to superintend the schools of the estabtions of the author respecting the state to give to the enemy of social order lishment, and appointed the first day of reof society and manners in England seem the last decisive blow, was selected by important operations. On that memorable day

bruary, 1814, for the commencement of their to us to be more applicable to things heaven for the noble vocation of pre- accordingly the doors of the Insticution were as they were five and twenty years ago, serving the sacred flame of virtue, and thrown open and pupils eagerly thronged to than as they are now.

fill its rolls. The article

the example of those tender relations eludes in the following manner: which beneficence establishes among not have been so far conducted without expe

A plan so important and so extensive could « If we must lament that certain exmankind.”

riencing some of that opposition, which aniaggerated opinions gain grouud in Ed

formly awaits all attempts however laudable. gland, of which Methodism is a proof,

A number of objections were made to it on the generous sacrifices of some societies BELFAST ACADEMICAL INSTITU.

the ground, that such an establishment was not

at all required : that it could not continue for which are animated with an ardent zeal

TION.

any time, particularly in the classical departto extend what is good, must on the To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. ment, as Belfast could not supply a sufficient other hand afford the more lively satis

Sir, -Yon express yourself with a praise- number of pupils. It was said, that the classifaction. It cannot be denied that gold The promptness of my address to you suffiworthy liberality on the subject of education.

1 The Beltast Academical Institution being is the idol of this people, that their luxu- ciently indicates my entire confidence in your

designed for the encouragement and instruction ry and vanity are without bounds, that declarations; and I now proceed to give you a of natire genius, in the first instance; we put the higher

classes set the example of im- sketch of the rise, progress, and present state of a question, with perfect liberality, to our Irish morality, and in general that one finds the Belfast Academical Institution.

Correspondent, was there no competent maske Belfast, for mawy years past, has had a clas- Architect in Ireland ?

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cal school, which has existed in Belfast for ters, to whom he becomes attached by long University qualified to contend for, honorable many years, had been found sufficient for the acquaintance, and with school-fellows, who be. distinction in science also; and into the world, demand; and as a sufficient number of pupils come endeared to him by various attractive qualified by practical knowledge, to enter on for both schools could not be found, a com- associations. The continuity of instruction is the bighest contests and councils of life, petition would arise, which would necessarily thus maintained unbroken, and the irksomeness Here I shall close for this time : I have perintroduce a total relaxation of wholesome dis- of laborious study is lightened by this atti-haps trespassed too far on your indulgence; cipline, as each master would be anxious to re- liation of pursuits.

most certainly farther, than I had intended. commend himself to bis pupils by an injurious In the Institution each master has the entire Another letter shall close the subject. In it indulgence. The assertion, that pupils could management of his own school, and enjoys ex- I shall detail the plan of the collegiate departpot be had, has been abundantly contradicted clusively the fruits of his own industry and ment, &c. &c. I am, Sir, your's truly, &c. by fact. Within a very few weeks after the ability. The advantage expected to arise from June 18th, 1817. opening of the Institution nearly 500 pupils this is a vigorous and animated exertion in the were enrolled in the books of the different teachers, from which the pupils must be be REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. scbools, of which the classical school had a large nefited. The large school-establishments in share. The Instiintion is now going on to the England and Ireland are in general so appoint MACBETH AND KING RICHARD THE fifth year of its course: like every other estab ed, that some one department of instruction Third; An Essay, in answer to remarks lishment it has felt the pressure of the times, obtains a decided precedency, while the others and the schools are not so numerously attended, are comparatively neglected. This may hap on some of the Characters of SHAK as they have been : yet even now the books pen without any ground to charge the master SPEARE. By J. P. KEMBLE. contain about 300 names of pupils actually in with wilful neglect. The subordinate depart The publication of this essay in the attendance. The things stated above, on the ments in such establishments are seldom con- week, when the author took his farewell of effects to be expected from competition, and ducted with spirit, because a stimulus of suff, the stage, and liis eminent rank as an acput forward as an argument, might rather ap: cient power is not applied. The principal pear as a misrepresentation on my part: but, I conscientiously discharges his duty; but he inay tor, have rendered it an object of much assure you, it has actually appeared in print, be bound up by the constitution of his appoint- attention. The ingenious Mr. Whately, in and been advanced with much confidence and ment. His under-inasters and assistants may be, bis remarks, had anxiously, and as we consome acrimony by the opponents of the Insti and, we know, freqnently are, limited to a cerceive without any thing like just grounds, tution. It shonid not have been mentioned, tain stipend; and as exertion in this case is sure so silly is it, but that it contributes to shew of no reward, no great effort can be expected. endeavoured to establish a notion of the merits of a plan, against which its inter- The contrary principle is recognised in the superior bravery in Richard III. and of ested and active adversaries could fetch no constitution of the Institution, aud correspond. inferior courage, or rather of cowardice, stronger objections.

ing results may reasonably be expected. The establishment consists of two parts ;' From an establishnnent, formed of a chain of

in Macbeth. Strange as this opinion may one comprising the schools, the other, profes- schools, vigorously acting each for itself, and appear to those who judge of Shakspeare sorships in different branches of literature and all in hearty co-operation a further and most by his own writings, it has found a sup. science in a collegiate form.

important advantage is looked for. You have, porter in Mr. Steevens. In the school-department, English, Writing, I doubt sot, met with persons skilled in all the if we were, in any case, inclined to sur

Undoubtedly Arithmetic, Geography with the Use of the niceties of classic learning, and utterly unacGlobes, Mathematics, and the Classics, are quainted with any thing else ; who could per render the evidence of our senses; and taught' in separate schools. There are also haps contribute to a variorum edition of a clas- the express meaning of the text, to other masters on the establishment for French, Draw. sic, and not be able to sum up their wash-wo. authority, we should have been inclined The buildings are very extensive and capacious, sure, how injurious this learned'ignorance is to adopt the supposition of these comaffording accommodation for day-boys and not only in the ordinary business of life, but mentators. Mr. W. not only overlooked boarders; the situation healthful, airy and com- in the future parsuits of science. Without a and rejected Shakspeare's express statemodious, with good play-grounds, uniting the knowledge of arithmetic it is not possible to ments of Macbeth's heroic valour, but he advantages of vicinity to a flourishing town pass on profitably to mathematics; without ma: has overlooked in the drama, the details tic and Mathematics are taught to the verge climb the eminences of Natural Philosophy—of Richard's selfish and inhuman dispoof the usual school course; I may say, farther; in vain without these sister-sciences shall he sition from his boyhood up to that violent for pupils are instructed in the higher branches hope to distinguish himself as a statist, or death, which befell him as the punishiof Mathematics both practical and theoretical; financier in the councils of his coautry. Yet ment of his crimes. He has divided and which are seldom taught in schools. The Ma- these important departments of science are enthematical professor also teaches Geography and tirely omitted, or at the best, neglected, in the sub-divided the ordinary meaning of a popular course of Astronomy with the Use great schools of these countries. I beg it may words in daily use, until he has given of the Globes. In the classical school, Latin not be supposed that I would impute any them a novel or a doubtful, and, in and Greek are taught on the plan of the higher blame to the respected masters of those esta some instances, au opposite, interpretaEnglish schools, with strict attention to comblishments, which have sent forth so many tion. Of the courage of the two usurpposition in those languages, and to their pro- scholars an honour to their instructors, and an sody, The extensive course of Latin and ornament to their country. On the contrary, 1 ers he thus expresses himself—" In Greek appointed to be read, for instance, in consider the masters of the great endowed Richard it is intrepidity, and in MacDublin College, forms the regular course of the schools in England and Ireland as men of the beth no more than rosolution : in him school, together with select parts from Livy, highest respectability. The defects of the InTacitus, Demosthenes, Euripides, and Aristo-stitutions, over which they preside, originate (Macbeth) it proceeds from exertion not phanes. Composition forms an important part not with them: the schools were originally from nature; in enterprise be betrays a in the course of education taught in the lusti. founded for the promotion of classical literature; degree of fear, though he is able, when tution. The pupil is thereby compelled to put the pupils sent to those schools are supposed occasion requires, to stifle or subdue it.” and by this exercise acquires power of lan- of education ; and the masters cannot depart –We are afraid that some plain unguage and a habit of attention and accuracy from their chartered course. A lad under their learned readers, who have been accusin his business. The classical master presides instruction will become an excellent classical tomed, like us, to consider courage a in the classical school; the Mathematical pro- scholar; but now something more than mere source or cause of exertion or enterprise, fessor teaches Mathematics, Arithmetic, and classical knowledge is requisite to fit the youth Geography; the English master conducts tbe for the business of life-even that class of and not a result proceeding from exerEnglish department, and the Writing master youth, which may be destined exclusivel for tion, will be tempted to smile at these rules in his own departinent. The schools a learned profession. To obviate this great grave absurdities. But into what absurafford a regular gradation of instructiou: deficiency, or error in the great schools, is one dity will not the rage for annotation bemay be conducted to the completion of his founded; and it is intended, that the pupil

, tray a sagacious admirer of our great school course ander the same roof, with mas- versed in classic literature, shall be sent to the dramatic poet? There is a key to 'Shak

speare, which Mr. W. unluckily mislaid | Carved ont his passage, till he fac'd the slave ; comfiture, the trophies of a second, and more at the moment of writing these opinions. And ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to brilliant, triumph This key is a knowledge of human na-Till he unseam'd him from the nave to the of Macbeth’s valour and humanity before

We agree in Mr. Kemble's general view ture. If Mr. W. bad looked into his own

chaps, heart, he would have known that insen- And fixed his head upon our battlements, his fall. Upon this, not only there can sibility of danger is not courage; that Why does Shakspeare appoint Macbeth to be no doubt, but there must be much true courage consists in a due sense of the noble hazard of meeting the fierce Mac- surprise at the erroneous view which Mr. danger and the being able, like Mac-donwald in single opposition, hand to hand? Whately has taken of the subject. Mr. beth, when occasion requires, to stifle Why does he call him brave, and emphati; Kemble has showed, that in assigning and subdue that sense, and to proceed why dnes he grace him with the title of able or superior quality, in contradistinc

cally insist on his deserving that name intrepidity to Richard, as a commendwith our purpose. In substance Mr. W. Valour's Minion; and presently-styling him informs the world that Macbeth's reso-Bellona's bridegroom-deern him worthy tion from the resolution of Macbeth, lution proceeds from exertion; and yet in to be matched even with the Goddess of Mr. W. erred with his eyes open, against enterprise, wbich is only another name War? Could the poet thus labour the de- the spirit and text of Shakspeare, and for exertion, he betrays fear; so that ac- scription of his hero, and not design to im- the palpable mode in which Richard had cording to this distinguished authority, press a full idea of the loftiness of his in- committed his atrocities. Through the

irepidity ? Macbeth's great heart pants to whole drama, he is exhibited as a being his

courage and his fear proceed from the meet the barbarous leader of the rebels: his same cause. But to make amends for this, brandished steel, reeking with intermediate

of early and babitual malevolence. Deep when occasion requires -- that is, when slaughter, has hewn out a passage to him; craft, hypocrisy, inordinate ambition, in exertion or enterprise, he is able to and he maintains the combat, till the death and a hatred of his fellow-creatures oca stifle or subdue his fear!—Really, really of his antagonist crowns his persevering casioned by his personal deformity, are Messieurs Whately and Steevens, your valour with a glorious victory.

the basis of his character. Upon this, his opponent Mr. Kemble has let you off has resolution, nct intrepidity. What is the duties of Son, Brother, Husband and

Macheth, it is asserted in the Remarks, sanguinary contempt for all the ties and upon these fooleries, with as much soldier's intrepidity, but a disdain of forgood nature and dignity, as if he justly tune? or in less figurative words, what, bui Christian, are founded. The evil dispofeared to forfeit a portion of his own es- that perfect scorn of danger which Glamis so sition exists in him, before the occasions timation by condescending to notice ensinently displays, whenever fit occasions occur, which call it into action. His intbem.

call him into it? Further, it is objected, trepidity, if by that word Mr. W. means, The following extract will shew that beth, courage proceeds from ercrlion, not encounter, is not visible, until the battle

though with some restriction, that in Mac- in its usual sense, courage in personal Mr. Kemble has completely refuted Mr. from nature; and that in enterprise he betrays of Bosworth, where he only faced a danW.'s comparative view of Richard and la degree of fear.-Let us revert to ShakMacbeth.

ger, from wbich he could not escape speare :

without abandoning his crown and kingThe appeal for judgment on the quality Serg. No sooner justice had, with valour arm’d, of the courage of Macbeth, does not depend, Compell'd these skipping Kerues to trust their dom, and attempting a precarious flight, as questions of criticism often necessarily

heels,

as an outlaw and exile, beyond seas. Is must, on conjecture and inference; it ad- But the Norwegian Lord, surveying vantage, this, in a thing of kneaded treason and dresses itself directly to the plain ineaning With furbish'd arms, and new supplies of men, murder, in " the bloody and devouring of every passage where Shakspeare touches Began a fresh assault. on this subject. The shortness of the time Our Captains, Macbeth and Banquo?

Dunc. Dismay'd vot this

Boar," Richard, a commendable quality, allotted for the performance of a play, usually

or a quality to be admired? The field

Serg. Yes, makes it impracticable to allow the princi- As sparrows, eagles, or the hare, the lion.

was his desperate resource froin an apr pal personages space sufficient for their un

proaching danger; and he only went out folding themselves gradually before the the battle, and completes the fainting ser- which must have overtaken him in a

Here the Thane of Rosse arrives post from to meet that evil on the day of battle, spectator; it is, therefore, a necessary beautiful artifice with dramatic writers, by geant's unfinished narrative:

more formidable shape on the morrow. an impressive description of their heroes, Norway himself, with terrible numbers,

A movement like this, accompanied in to bring us in great measure acquainted The Thiane of Cawdor,'gan a dismal conflict;

Assisted by that most disloyal traitor with them, before they are visibly engaged fill that Bellona's bridegroom, lapp'd in proof, sweats and dreaming terrors of ghosts

its progress by doubts, suspicions, cold in action on the stage; whiere without this Confionted him with self comparisons, previous delineation, their proceedings might Point against point rebellious, arm’gainst arm,

and goblins, is any thing but courage often appear confused, and sometimes per- Corbing bis lavish'd spirit : and to conclude,

or intrepidity. The true character of a haps be unintelligible. We are bound, then, | The victory fell on us.

coward is complex; it unites a dread of to look on the introductory portrait which

Is it, then, to betray fear in enterprise-danger and death with an eagerness in our author has drawn of Macbeth, as the already worn with the toils, and weakened by oppressing and spilling the blood of trie resemblance of him; for the mind may the losses of a hard-fought, well-won field others, and a desperate determination or not picture to itself a person of the poet's to rush, at disadvantage, on fresh and fright- fury in the last extremity. arbitrary invention, under any features, but ful numbers, with unconcern like that which those by which that invention has thought eagles and lions might be conceived to shew,

“ Cowards are cruel, but the brave fit to identify him-Here is the portrait : if opposed to hares and sparrows? While

Delight in mercy and to save." Serg. The merciless Macdonwald

Macbeth thus dedicates himself to the face If cruelty be a proof of cowardice, Richa

of peril does his behaviour indicate reluc- ard is a coward. If to delight in mercy, from the Western Isles tance? Does it betray the result of effort and be an attribute of bravery, where shall Of Kernes and Gallowglasses is supplied; And Fortune, on his damned quarrel smiling,

exertion ? No; it is the impulse of a daunt- we find a bravery in Richard ?—In the Shew'd like a rebels whore : but all's too weak; less temper, that hurries the bridegroom of commission of a succession of murders, For brave Macbeth, (weli he deserves that Bellona through the dismal conflict again to be certainly manifests an unappeasable

name,) Disdaining Fortune, with his brandish'd steel, point, till his resistless arm has curbed the eageruess, and fixed cruelty; but surely Which smok'd with bloody execution,

over-confident presumption of the royal in this dark and remorseless perseverance Like valour's minion,

vader of his country, and raised, on his dis- in sanguinary purposes, is unworthy the

name of courage. In the defeat and most studied and powerfully marked His college life passed, and he was death of Richard a moral is held up to characters." In opposition to this last confirmed in his liberal sentiments, by a men of his own stamp, that there is a we gave this brief opinion of Macbeth friendship which he had formed there. punishment for similar crimes even in “ We may notice an exception in Mac- One night he had accompanied the ibis world. In the example of Macbeth, beth, who was not naturally bad or Mowbrays to the theatre, where Macklin the virtuous are instructed that, by yield- cruel. Ambition, joined to what he performed Shylock. A large party was ing to unlawful ambition, the best and deemed the supernatural excitements of in the next box, and a young lady, the bravest nature may sink to the lowest the Weird sisters and the remorseless daughter of a Jew, having been mucha degree of guilt and meet the most tre- goadings of his aspiring consort, proved shocked at the play, was taken ill. Harmendous punishment.

the temptations, which first led him to rington assisted her, and thus commenced As so many reviews are written under step from the path of loyalty and justice an acquaintance. He now began to the influence of personal favor or party into treason and midnight murder. His think of marrying her, but his father motives, we are happy to have it in our murders are not committed upon his own threatened to disinherit him; for though power 10 shew by a reference to our kindred, and his worst guilt is followed she was an heiress, she was a Jewess. former opinions, that we have here given by some compunctious visitings of na- He applied for advice to his friend Lord an unbiassed approbation of Mr. Kem- ture." These few extracts shew that Mowbray, who had himself, it seems, a ble's general reasoning. Our remarks in four months prior to the appearance of secret wish to win her affections, and the Literary Gazette of the 22nd of Mr. Kemble's essay, our opinions of who taunted and ridiculed Harrington's February last, on the difference between Macbeth's superior character before his passion, asserting that he himself could the character of Richard and Macbeth, fall, generally agree with the observations have won her, had he chosen, till Harwill be found to correspond in their proof that gentleman.

W.C. rington, piqued at his vanity, permitted minent points, with the observations of

him to win her, if he could. Accordingly this gentleman. of this the following

HARRINGTON; a Tale. ORMOND ; the rivals commence operations, and an extracts from our essay, will be sufficient a Tale. By MARIA EDGEWORTH.

admirable account of Mowbray's strate proofs: “ Through all Gloucester's five We have read these volumes with un- agems succeeds. However, he fails in spun hypocrisy, the settled bloodiness of common delight and interest; nor do we obtaining the affections of Berenice, and his mind breaks into a cruel and scoffing think they yield the palm to any of Miss shortly after, Harrington proposes. Her alacrity, when gratifying his appetite for Edgeworth's other productions. They father who has a high regard for him, inblood. The murders of Prince Edward seem to have been written with peculiar forms him that an obstacle, which he and King Henry are acco

companied by care, the plots are not too much spun cannot name, must prevent an union, and circumstances of atrocious inhumanity. out, and the characters and incidents Harrington in vain endeavours to deveThe mode in which he worked up his are all subservient to the main story, lope the nature of it. brother, king Edward, on his death-bed which is so nicely constructed, that even

Fowler, the woman who had formerly to put his brother Clarence to deatlı was

the most trivial circumstance, and appa- been Harrington's attendant, and had in. rendered more detestable by his protes-rently the most useless, is made coudu- spired bim with a terror of Jews, was now tations of love and pity to the latter; cive to the final developement of the ca- living with the Mowbrays, and Jacob, who tells his assassins.” tastrophe.

the Jew whose cause Harrington had -“ He bewept my fortune,

These remarks apply to the first tale espoused at school, was apprenticed to a And hugged me in his arms and swore with sobs, in particular, which, we confess, is our jeweller. Lord Mowbray's mother missed That he would lahor my delivery.

favorite, and a sketch of which we shall an invaluable ring in the jeweller's shop, Our readers will also find in the Lite- proceed to give.

and accused Jacob of having purloined rary Gazette of February 22, that we Harrington, the hero, tells his own it. He applied to Harrington, who in noticed in the deaths of Rivers, Gray, story. He begins with his childhood. the end discovered that Fowler had and Vaughan, Buckingham, and Hast. When he was about six years old, the pledged it at a pawnbroker's. Fowler, ings, a horrid bloodthirstiness and an maid who attended bim, was accustomed now on the point of ruin, falls on her equal movement of the appetites for mur-to terrily him into obedience, by means knees, and discloses to Harrington a plot der and feasting.” Shakspeare has of an old Jew who used frequently to formed by Lord Mowbray against liim, drawn the mind of the sanguinary pass by the house, and whom she repre- in order to prevent his marriage with Be. usurper, the dark counterpart of his de- sented as a child-eater. Young Har renice. She and an apothecary contrived formed body. His sbrewd insight into rington, being naturally nervous, was so to acquaiut the father of Berenice that human nature does not extend beyond a possessed with dread, that he lost both Harrington had, from his childhood, beeń knowledge of its weaknesses and evil health and spirits, and moreover, im- subject to tits of insanity, and it was the propensities, and is employed in wading bibed a superstitious hatred of Jews. father's belief in this fabrication, which through an indiscriminate slaughter of This hatred, as he grew up to mauhood, induced him to withhold his assent to King, Prince, Nobles, and Gentry, with his father, who was a politician, contri- the marriage. Lord Mowbray too, at out sparing age or sex among his own buted to cherish.

this critical juncture had been wounded nearest kindred. He is destitute of a At school he formed a party against a tra- in a duel, and on his death-bed, consingle good quality, unless a relentless velling Jew who used to sell his wares to fessed the conspiracy: Harrington's fahardibood in the perpetration of crimes the young gentlemen ; but in consequence ther becomes reconciled to Jews in conand a desperate ferocity in risking his of the cruel conduct of another boy, the sequence of the assistance he received life to defend bis ill-yot crown, can be young Lord Mowbray, to this Jew, na- from Berenice's father, at a moment when considered virtues. With all its intermix- iure burst through prejudice, he be- the failure of a bank had nearly undone ture of treason and jesting, murder, friended the Jew, and in due time, by a him. All parties, therefore, are reconfeasting and merriment, this, in its class, common process of the human mind, lost ciled. It appears that Berenice is not a is certainly one of our immortal poet's all his former antipathy to the race. Jewess, as her father had married a Pro

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