網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Politics, &c.

OR

NO. XLV.

SATURDAY, NOV. 29, 1817.

PRICE ls.

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. Silent with upturned eyes unbreathing, crowds of the terrene were caught through the

And flushed with transport, or benumbed with rolling masses of vapour, the reports of AEROSTATION. A Narrative of the fear,

guns were heard, and the balloon now Aerial Voyage of Mr. WINDHAM SAD-Watch, as it rises, the diminished sphere. descending as rapidly as it had risen, a

-Now less and less-and now a speck is seen; ter, across the Irish Channel, from And now the fleeting rack obtrudes between.

few minutes past 2 o'clock it was found Portobello Barracks, in the neighbour- The calm philosophier in ether sails,

to be perpendicular over the hill of hood of Dublin, on Tuesday, July 22d, Views broader stars and breathes in purer gales; Howth, so that very small progress in

deed had been made during the forty-five 1817. To which is annexed, a Chart of Sees like a map in many a waving line,

Round earth's blue plains her lucid waters minutes which had already elapsed. the Channel, shewing his course and shine; place of descent. 8vo. pp. 25.

Not discouraged, Mr. s. threw out Sees at his feet the forky lightnings glow,

about 40lb. of ballast, again ascended, We do not think this extraordinary And hears innocuous thunders roar below. voyage has received enough of public Inheriting, as it should seem, the cool passed over Howth to the right of Ire attention. The renewal of the Habeas intrepidity of his father, and unmoved

land's Eye, and kept in the same direcCorpus Suspension and other political by the perils of his preceding expedi- reached a second current of air from the

tion till 25 minutes after 2, when he matters, about the period it was perform- tion, Mr. Windham Sadler chose a more w. N. W. and was borne, at within 14

ed, were the wonders of the day; and auspicious season ; and all the requisite minutes to 3, completely clear of the an excursion singularly curious to science preparations being made, ascended from minutes to 3, completely clear of the was passed over as silently and rapidly Portobello Barracks near Dublin, at 20

eastern extremity of the hill.

We now follow his own narrative: as the young wronaut himself passed minutes past 1 o'clock p. m. on Tuesday over the Channel. We deem it worthy a the 22d of July last. The balloon, the

My elevation was at this time about niche in our Temple.

narrative says, was comparatively small, two miles and a half, the Thermometer standIt may be remembered that Mr. Sadler, but its specific dimensions are not men

ing at 38, when, on a sudden, I was en

veloped in senior, made a similar attempt in Octo- tioned. The design being to cross the as the sun-beam glanced on the descending

snow shower, the effect of which, ber, 1812; and though it was believed Channel as directly and quickly as pos- Aakes, was brillant beyond description; it at the time he might have made the coast sible, it was prudently determined by the was, however, but of short duration, and of Cumberland or Scotland, yet in his wronaut to keep as entirely in the lower speedily clearing away, I again enjoyed a shire, the winter night overtook him, and avoiding the loss of time in ascending towards Drogheda and Newry, and on the endeavour to steer a course for Lanca-regions of the air as he could, thereby serene atmosphere, and distinctly traced the having dropped into the sea, he was and descending, as well as the expendi- southward, that rounding from Bray Head providentially rescued by a fishing vessel ture of gas. The ascent was fine, with towards Wexford. from a watery grave. The narrative of a light wind from the W. S. W. which in In the midst, however, of the varied this bold adventure, published soon after, a few minutes raised the traveller to a and attractive prospect, pone is extremely interesting, though written height, whence the glorious landscape anxiously looked for than the Welsh Coast, in a style of inflation, not out of unison below was visible in all the sublime the immediate object of my destination, and with a balloon story. It is perhaps the variety of land and sea, hill and valley, cations, as at five minutes past three, I caught

at length this was added to my other gratififault of these narratives that they do not city and hamlet, together with winding the first glimpse of the lofty mountain tops enter sufficiently into the minute philoso- coast and promontories, and, in particu of the PRINCIPALITY-my anxiety being re phical detail of natural appearances, and lar, the Wicklow mountains, forming al moved, and my spirits raised by the view, I of the indications given by the instru-together a panorama, of the grandeur of now partook of some refreshment, and ments with which the car is furnished : which we may imagine something, but here, although at no very great altitude, that they are rather descriptive than must take an aerial voyage fully to com-perceived a phenomenon, which I had never scientific. It may indeed be fairly urged prehend. This was, however, but a

before observed, and which affected me even in their defence, that the object of the glimpse: a congregation of vaporous that as the sun shone upon the car, the parts

to a degree of extreme uneasiness, namely, attempts was not atmospheric or other clouds soon obscured the voyager from of my body immediately exposed to its inexperiments, but simply to try, by the every eye, and all the world from his Auence were warm, almost to oppression, use of gas and ballast, to fall in with, and eye.

while the extremities endured the contrary take advantage of currents of air, so skil The sensation of cold on entering this sensation of the most rigorous cold. The fully as to be wafted to a proposed desti- cloud caused Mr. S. to put on some ad- thermometer, in the shade, stood at 37, but nation. In the latter case this was fully ditional

clothing ; and finding, from the exposed to the sun it rose 1975; accomplished, and its accomplishment distension of the balloon, that his eleva- the object of my destination full in view, my forms an era in the annals of aerostation tion was greater than he intended, he chief care was now to make the course as more surprising than that of de Rozier, opened the valve, and threw out some direct as possible, and for that purpose to which the poet so beautifully paints : pieces of paper, wbich, as they appeared keep the balloon steadily in the current of fo on the cloudless air the intrepid Gaul

to recede, indicated a continued ascent, air which was rapidly wafting me to the Launched the vast concave of liis floating ball. notwithstanding this expedient, and be coast of Wales, and that apparently to the Journeying on high, the silken castle glides, Bright as a meteor through the azure tides; speedily soared above the cloud, and southward of Holyhead ; to effect this, I

therefore frequently used the counteracting O'er towns, and to wers, and temples, wivs its reached a clearer atmosphere. Here the

powers of the gas and ballast, at intervals way,

balloon seemed to remain stationary for permitting small portions of the former to Or mounts sublime and gilds the vault of day. above two minutes, occasional glimpses escape, or casting over a part of the latter,

was

more

so as to keep the balloon at an equal alti- | a manner the most successful; the machine HEROIC EPISTLE TO WILLIAM COBtude, by which means my course was a direct being perfectly poised, and the quantity of BETT. 4to. pp. 10. line across the Channel. gas expelled so accurate, that the weight of

An Heroic Epistle to William Cobbett! Finding that everything answered in the disengaged grapple prevented it rising. We had supposed this Worthy forgotten the most perfect manner, my sensations and the yet remaining buoyancy of the bal

in England; and that as his apotheosis arising not only from the prospect of ulti- loon kept it foating from the ground ; so mate success, but from my immediate si- that permitting more gas to escape, the car did not take place, where it ought to have tuation, can better be conceived than con- gently touched the earth, and at five minutes taken place, at Derby, we should hear veyed by language - seated at ease and after seden o'clock I TROD ON THE Shores of no more of him. The author of this security in the middle regions of a calm and WALES, THE FIRST AERONAUT WHO HAD SUC- poem, however, though rather late, seems serene atmosphere, wafted with a rapid but CESSFULLY ACCOMPLISHED THE PASSAGE OP to have thought the renegado deserving unobserved motion over the broad expanse of The Irish CHANNEL.”

of a parting ban, and these pages are ocean heaving its undulating billows far be Our intention being rather to preserve devoted to a vale to the Deserter of low me-enjoying at one glance the opposite the memorial of this remarkable under Bottley. We think the writer has undercircunference of the Isle of Man, attracted taking than to enter into any of the rated Cobbett's talent for mischief; and, here and there by the gliding vessels, twenty-philosophical enquiries to which it so na- indeed, bis

adoption of the subject is a one of which in one feet, formed a strikingurally leads, we shall merely notice the sufficient proof that he thought him and object as they directed their course to the important proof it affords of the possi- his writings more dangerous than he northward-all conbined, may convey some bility of directing a balloon through the chuses to acknowledge. In our opinion faint idea of the splendid view which spread air, 'in a certain degree at least, towards itself in all directions around.

a more poisonous pen never sustained At ten minutes past four, I could distinct- a given point: When so much has been the cause of disaffection and anarchy. ly see the long-projected shadow of the done in finding currents, by ascending Cobbett leaves all the labourers in the balloon passing over the surface of the and descending

till those required were field of sedition at an immeasurable diswaters, and at half past four discerned the met with; it is evident, that if any lateral tance, and with the exception, perhaps, of moon, but with no other appearance than motion could be communicated to the Paine, stands unrivalled in the possession as seen from the earth on a clear day.- machine, not only would the chance of of capacity to excite discontent and stir Within 20 minutes of five I could still per- obtaining auspicious breezes be increased ceive the projecting point of Howth, on by the extended range in space, but even exemplify the manner in which the work

up rebellion. The annexed extract will circumstance, which I attributed to the si- in currents partially adverse, a counter- is executed: the portrait occurs in a sort tuation in which I was placed, and that of acting impulse, like the steering and tack- of general muster

of the leaders of the the sun being in the West, bringing it more ing of a ship, might produce a wonderful faction with whom Cobbett was conimmediately under the lustre of its beams, effect. Blanchard declared his oars were nected. at this time the sea presented a most splen- of little use, but Roberts and Hulliv, who did appearance, the sun still lighting with a ascended at Paris, assert that they were who, while be talks of Pisgah, means the Strand;

And last, not least, the 'Moses of the band, purple tint its evening waves, which began enabled, by the use of two oars, to de- Who doats and drivels in enamour'd trance which here and there breaking into foam, viate no less than 22o. from the direction O'er promised lands - o'er lands resembling added to the interest of the scene. of the wind.

France, I could now obviously perceive that my

It may appear absurd to some persons; And laws, and rights, and kings exist no more.

Where milk and honey are supplied by gore, course had been rapid, and my journey nearly but when we consider the infancy of this

Visions of Glory! spare my aching siglit, accomplished, as at within ten minutes of six science, and the extraordinary discoveries Come not too sudden on your cars of light! o'clock, 1. distinctly saw the enclosures on made and making with respect to chemi- See! how the dear deinding forms draw nigte the Island of Holyhead, and shortly after, cal agents, we confess we are not with. And, lo! behind, more fairy forms are seen, the Pier at the town.

Being now very near land at 23 minutes out hopes of seeing, in our own time, Proscription, Assignat, and Guillotine ;
past sis, I began to prepare for a descent, such improvements in the art of navi- Nymph after nymph, that titter as they pass,
and for this purpose run out the grappling- gating the air, as being expressed at this And view their image in the blood-staiu'd glass:
line, putting the necessary loose articles in moment might expose us to ridicule. It Lo! the bright pageant reaches Albion's shore ;
safety, and casting over the remainder, would be a delightful thing, if it could The golden days of idleness are neas,

The task is done! and theft is theft vo more :
amongst others, three eggs, one of which be attained, to travel so easily at the rate Food without work, and without money beer.
broke into a number of pieces before reach- of 50 miles an hour, wherever one wish-
ing the sea; the exact time of another in

Cobbett's former revilings of America coming in contact with the water, was 29 ed to go ;-a jest-loving companion at seconds, an interval of time which will show our elbow adds, “ to have a gentleman and her citizens, are bitterly enough rea

vived in the following apostrophe: that my elevation was not great, and that I order bis balloon at 11 o'clock at Hyde had been enabled so to regulate the balloon Park Corner, intending to visit a friend Heedless of shame, (forget you once abused, as to preserve a given altitude, and to pursue to dinner at 5 in Prince's-Street, Edin. Turn on your heel and praise in good set works a direct line. burgh !"

Her baker judges, and her butcher lords ; “Within a quarter of seden o'clock I was But when we reflect on the many im. And, oh! her Senate's eloquence detail, a little to the southward of the Light-house portant natural phenomena in the inves- Where chairs and ink couvince, if logic fail; place on which to alight, I in a few minutes tigation and solution of which arosta. And log the Second reigns like Lng the First. opened the valve, when the balloon de- tion is calculated to form so conspicuous What if they twitch thee with the alterd toe, scending, a current of air brought me at an agent, it is not too much to hope, Hast thon one nerve unossified ? not ope. once within a short distance of the spot that it may be prosecuted with the zeal/ What dost thou now but what thon didst of old, which I had selected, and the grappling.iron and enthusiasm it merits. To the Messrs. Even in thy change consistent like the vade, touching the earth, the balloon remained Sadlers science is much indebted for their Still fist upon thy central pivot-Gain. stationary, at within twelve feet of the ground: exertions, and it is a pity that enlarged ber of persons having assembled to aid me public encouragement has not more an

Major Cartwright, at the moment of descent, it was effected in ply aided their individual labours.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

1

, ;

Monody to the Memory of the Rt.1" Satire, that oft with castigation rude, design and moral, will, we apprehend, Hon. RICHARD BRINSLEY SHERIDAN.

Degrades, while zealons to correct, mankind, appear very evidently from one extract.

Refined by him, more generous aims pursued, By THOMAS Gent, Esq.

And cured the vice-but left no wound Oh, sad reflection, that our promised joys, SHERIDAN was, if not the first ge

behind."

Sink in the Cypress vale where sorrows flow,

Where pallid Nænia joins the dirge of woe, nius of his age, the most peculiar. With His more public career is then ad- And sweetly budding hope at once destroys! out a large share of what is called scho-verted to in language not unworthy of Death stood aghast, as with a trembling hand, larship, without much of th more valu- the dignity and noble candour of his con He cast his dart, and joyless left the land. able quality of worldly wisdom, begio- duct, wherever the true interests of Eng. And ev'ry eye 's a telegraph of woe.

Joyless, alas! each morn fresh sorrows flow, ning life in almost its humblest rank, and land were at hazard. struggling through it in almost poverty, “ Then, Sheridan! dilating to the storm,

Neither our space nor our inclination he contrived to be named wherever the Bright as the Pharos, as the watch tower will permit us to exted this notice: in talent or councils of England were to be with all a patriot's inspiration warm,

strong,

some critiques a little goes a great way. panegyrized. This fame might in any Thy genins ponred its thundering voice OUDINE; a Tale translated from the other country, it is true, have been kin along."

German of the BARON DE LA MOTTEdled from doubtful, and perhaps de.“ Who heard thee not in that tremendous hour, Fougue. By the BARONESS de MoNgraded sources. A royal mime in France,

When Britaiu mourn'd her surest anchor lost,

TOLIEU. or a cowled hypocrite in Spain, might

And saw her alienated navies lour,

Like the charged tempest round their parent The Baron de la Motte-Fouqué is of have found out the shortest path to the coast?"

French origin, but, as Madame de Monpublic gaze, but in England nothing

“ With active zeal, which no cold medium tolieu observes to the person at whose could have withstood its perpetual com knew,

request she translates the work :--"this petitorship, the incessant exposure of Nor party ruled, nor prejudice confined ;

Baron has nothing French about him exthe details of her public minds, or the But to thy heart's spontaneous impulse true, formidable trials to which her public

Thon gav'st thy Country ALL thy miglity cept his name, and he has become an mind."

adopted son of Germany." We remark emergencies summon, day by day, all

in Oudine all the excess of imagination, that is vigorous, or wise, or ingenious, The poet then touches on the Spanish and to use the proper term, all the nonin the human intellect, but decidedly war, and those celebrated discussions on sense which characterizes the producgreat and original faculties. We must the Maritime Rights of England, in which tions of German authors; but it likewise not now wander into the subject, tempt- SHERIDAN once more stood aloof and possesses that air of genius and origiing as it might be to investigate the alone from opposition, in expressing the nality which keeps alive the interest of formation and institute of such a mind. patriotism which bonors him in his grave. the reader, and which renders it almost It is easier to feel surprise at the slight|The whole passage is highly energetic, impossible to open a German novel withhonour which has attended the memory and poetical.

out ending it; regarding criticism as a of this conspicuous man from the usual

secondary consideration. distributors of posthumous fame. We

“ Oh! that beyond the light, diarpal page, have heard of no monument, of but one that strain might kindle each succeeding age, Inscribed on high in monumental gold,

For example, the heroine of the book

before us is descended from a race of memoir, and, till now, of no elegy worth Which thus thy generous indignation rolled” genii, who govern the waters, though the name. It is to the honor of the pre- “ If e'er, of ancient energy bereaved, they have no soul, and can only attain sent author's feeling, that he has under Britannia, beot by menace or design, one on being united to a mortal woman. taken to remove this aspersion from the Should stain her naval sceptre hard atchieved, The Oudines who share their power, are poets; and to the honour of his poetry,

And yield one claim, one cherished right that he has offered a contribution of so

resign;"

subject to the same law. So whimsical much effect and elegance. We give a

" Then hurled in ruin from her radiant sphere, a subject could not fail to furnish ample few of those stanzas which most conse

Sunk her proud isle in ocean's depths pro- scope for the imagination. The Oudine found

who is the heroine of the present work, cutively trace the merits of the illustri- May all her glories pass from memory's ear, is so innocent and beautiful, her attachous dead. After a fine, solemn invoca An idle legend-a derided sound !"

ment and submission to her husband rention to the presiding influences of Westminster Abbey :

We must here close our quotations, if

der her so interesting, and her situation we would not extract all the striking pas- read the volume with the utmost delight

presents so much originality, that we “ Spirits revered! within that awful bourne Who dwell, in dark communion of the tomb, have given enough to authenticate our sages which the Monody contains. We

in defiance of reason. Congenial genius seeks your dim sojourn ; Ye heirs of glory! hail a brother home." original praise of its spirit, eloquence, the pen of Madame de Montolieu, is re

This translation, like every thing from and taste. To those who would enjoy markable for clearness and elegance of

its fuller beauty we leave the poem. We the poet turns with happy contrast entirely congratulate Mr. GENT upon Caroline de Litchfield, though now in

style, and proves that the authoress of to the great embellisher of the Modern bis performance. Drama.

her sixtieth year, has lost none of the ta

lent for wbich she has hitherto been dis“At length, all graced in Fancy's orient hues, His native fires with added culture bright,

The Princess. A Tributary Lay. tinguished. Rose SHERIDAN! to vindicate the Muse,

“ And ten low words oft creep in one dull line." And gild the Drama with meridian light.” We have no further remarks to offer on

Pope. these productions, uvless some pre-emi

In the following lines from Shakspeare's "With what nice art his master hand he flung, nent genius steps forth to immortalize Julius Cæsar, there are no less than sixteen O'er each fine chord which thrills the polished the theme. That the present work does monosyllables: breast,

“I am glad that my weak words Let Falkland tell ! with woes ideal stung,

not belong to that superior class in poetry, Have struck but thus much show of fire from Let gentle Julia's generous flane attest.” however uvexceptionable it may be in Brutus,"

[ocr errors][merged small]

pp. 16.

CAUSE OF THE

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. under the influence of the Taboo, and was minister. He went at an early age to

every thing belonging to it is held by the Upsal, to the University, although he was so ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS, AS TO THE REAL natives sacred and inviolable ; it there. poor that he was one day obliged to remain

fore appears unaccountable, that Captain parel was mending. His talents procured DEATH OF CAPTAIN COOK.

Cook should have made such a request; him friends, who subscribed a sum to enable To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. particularly as he was not unacquainted him to travel to Holland, though in a very

Sir, On reading the statement of with the religious rites and ceremonies of economical way. Here he became acquaintthe real cause of the death of Captain the natives. That the transaction I have ed with an apothecary, named Sebå, who Cook, in your publication for November described, or some other affair not re- furnished him with the necessary means to Ist, it brought to my recollection the corded, made a very unfavourable im- perfect himself in the study of Natural

Hisaccount of that melancholy transaction, pression on the minds of the islanders, is tory. After much

travelling he returned to

Upsal, where he was chosen professor, and as related to me at Owhyhee. I visited proved by their conduct on the return of never left it afterwards. Would you bethe Island of Owhyhee, as surgeon of the ships to Kara-kakooa Bay, which is lieve (what I should myself doubt, had I his Majesty's ship Cornwallis, in 1808, thus described : Our reception on not heard it from very credible and welland from a manuscript account of the coming to anchor was so different from educated persons) that Linnæus was wholly voyage, I send you the following parti- what it had been upon our first arrival, ignorant in all things which did not belong culars; which I obtained from an English- that we were all astonished: no shouts,

to his own branch of science? He did not man of the name of Young, who had bnstle, or confusion, but a solitary de- but very imperfectly, although he wrote it,

even understand the French, and the Latin resided on the island upwards of fifteen serted Bay, with hardly a canoe stirring:” well or ill, and spoke it a little. If foreignyears, and was married to a daughter of In a subsequent part of the same page ilers came to him, he expressed himself in a the king's brother. All the circumstances states; “ Various were our conjectures jargon of Dutch, German, and Latin. He relative to this man, are minutely de- on the cause of this extraordinary ap- could not possibly have produced, from his tailed in Captain Vancouver's voyages.

pearance, wben the whole mystery was philological treasures, the Latin terms and When our great circumnavigator first vi- unravelled by the return of a boat, which expressions which designate so admirably sited Owhybee, the Morai was surround- we had sent on shore, bringing intelli- of his colleagues, a man without genius, ed with a high raibing, which was taken gence that Terreoboo was absent, and but very well versed in ancient languages, on board the Resolution for fire-wood; that the bay was tabooed. This account assisted him in this office. He at last reCaptain Cook having requested permis- appeared very satisfactory to many of Lapsed into a state of childishness. He still

, scarcity of wood, except at a distance there was, at this time, something very whom I became acquainted here, visited him sion to do so, in consequence of the us; but others were of 'opinion, that however, continued to write as he did in his from the ship. The following is the ac- suspicious in the behaviour of the natires ; in this condition. He had occasion to speak count of this transaction, as recorded in and that the taboo, or interdiction, on to him of the family of his (Linnæus's) wife, Cook's Voyage.—"Our slips were much pretence of Terreoboo's absence, was whom he had seen at Fahlun. Linnæus asked in want of fuel, therefore Captain Cook artfully contrived, to give him time to many absurd questions, to which the young desired Mr. King to treat with the priests, consult his chiefs in what manner we man did not know what to answer. The old for the purchase of the rail on the Morai. should be treated.” The combination of man perceived it, seemed mortified, and Mr. King had his doubts about the de- unfortunate circumstances which after- quickly made him a sign to withdraw. One cency of this overture, and apprehended wards occurred, and led to the death of rice. Whenever he had any money left, he

of the weaknesses of his old age was avathat the bare mention of it might be Captain Cook, strongly confirms the un- tried to conceal it from his wife. One day his deemed iMPIOUS; but in this he was favourable opinion the natives entertain- footman found in the stove (most likely in exceedingly mistaken. They expressed ed of our countrymen ; and as the real summer) a bill of exchange for 100 rixno kind of surprise at the application, cause of bis death bas hitherto been dollars, which Linnæus had with this intenand the wood was delivered without the considered doubtful, the circumstance 1 tion secreted there. least stipulation. Whilst our people were have described, in some measure ac He at last departed this life on the 10th taking it away, a priest saw one of them counts for it, at least in a more satis- of January, 1978, in the seventy-first year with a carved image ; and upon inquiry, factory manner tban I bave yet seen re

of his He left three daughters and one was informed, that the whole semicircle corded.

son. One daughter died in 1804 ; the two (as mentioned in the description of the

others survived, and were married. I saw I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

them and their mother in the same house Morsi,) had been carried to the boats. RICHARD WARREN COLKY, M.D.

in which Linnæus had lived. They seemed 'Though the natives were spectators of Cheltenham, Nov. 25, 1817.

very much surprised that anybody could be this busiuess, they did not seem to re

interested in their acquaintance. In truth, sent it; but, on the contrary, bad even

LETTERS ON SWEDEN.

nobody would have taken them for the assisted in the removal.

Mr. King
BY BARON BURGOING.

widow and daughters of a great man. Yet thought proper to mention the particulars We may be excused for calling the every thing that belonged to Linnæus has to Kaoo; who seemed exceedingly in- particular attention of our readers to this been preserved with a kind of religious ve

neration. There still stands the old wooden different about the matter, begging him very interesting letter.

chair, on which he sat perhaps more than only to restore the center image; which

twenty years, giving his lectures; and the was immediately done, and it was con

To the Countess of C

table on which he generally spread his papers veyed to one of the priest's houses."

Stockholm, 180*.

and his plants. Even a little packet of Young, the Englishman I have before I hasten to send the particulars I proinised herbs, which Linnæus had himself dried, is alluded to, assured me this circumstance about Linnæus, the Patriarch of Botany in consecrated as sacred. Linnæus had a browas the principal cause of the death of Sweden. They are drawn from good autho-ther, who after his father's death succeeded Captain Cook: he told me, the priests elsewhere. Linnæus was born in a small learning, and only interested himself in the

rity; and you would not easily find then him as Minister. He was not a man of did not understand the precise nature of village between Elmhult and Böshult, on rearing of bees, and this more as a farMr. King's request. The Morai is always the borders of Schmaland, where his father mer than as a naturalist. Linnæus' son

age.

LETTER IV.

us.

our

partly inherited his knowledge, and was named Venus and Palmstruk, collect, draw, liament, in which his Friends urged him to proud of his father. In Paris he had the and colour all plants that naturally grow in take part. The natural fervour of his Chacourage to visit Buffon, although he knew Sweden. Dr. Quensel, an ingenious man, racter insensibly engaged him in the scene. very well that the Swedish Pliny had treat- furnishes the descriptions. I fear, that out He was diverted from his own melancholy ed the French, on several occasions, more of Sweden, the whole undertaking will ap- Reflections and business thus proved to him than harshly. Buffon, without doubt, Aat- pear rather mean for the native country of the best consolation. He has not however tered by the politeness, which he hardly botany. We already hear, that it is not recovered thoroughly that terrible Shock, expected, received the son of his antagonist much approved of in France, and that they and the Duchess, to whom the world did not in a friendly manner. It is a pleasure to miss very much the typographical splendor ascribe so great a degree of sensibility, is see, that, at least among the learned, enmi. and the admirable colouring of the English, still more inconsoleable. On the whole, you ties are not hereditary. But, you will ask, Danish, and other Floras. Adien.

see, that we are, at present, in a crisis. The how does Botany go on in the country,

DAVID HUME.

Duke of Bedford would be received with which we in some measure regard as its native soil? I anı sorry to say it is in no flou- Mr. Hume's unpublished Correspond-which are not so acceptable ; and it is un

We subjoin two further extracts from open arms, but he has formed some con

nexions particularly with Mr. Grenville little attended to. The botanic-garden is far ence: the first letter touches on a point certain, whether we are to have a change from being what it might be, though it has which made a prominent feature in Ju- of ministry or not, tho' the former is much been lately removed from the place which nius' Letters, and is besides rather curious more probable. Linnæus so long frequented, to the fine large for the manuer in which it treats of diplo But pray, who are you to give us as Amgarden which Gustavus the Third presented matic subjects: the short extract proves bassador from France, in place of M de to the University, together with a too mag- that our first writers

, 50 years ago, called Guerchi, who has succeeded very well among nificent castle, which yet does not answer things by their proper names, more than the purpose to which it is destined. The is the custom in our improved and po- Grands Seigneurs, and I amuse myself by

I think I know more or less all your whole establishment was, in 1804, still in its infancy, and by no means answered my

lished
age.

forming conjectures on that head. M de expectations. The exotio plants were in an

London, 19 June, 1767. Chabelet, it is said, might be the man, but unpro ucted apartment, exposed to the snow

It was not surely, Dear Madam, with in- he did not like us enough, when he made us and rain, and not even guarded against the difference that I regarded your displeasure a visit, to be willing to pass years among us. frost. Linnæus's manes would enjoy no against me. Nothing could have given me

M. de Castries is named, and I believe he repose in the shade of this building. On the more uneasiness and I was more afraid of would succeed perfectly except only that he beds he would in vain look for a complete the coolness of your reproaches than even has not a wife whom he could bring along series of his four-and-twenty classes,

your anger. But your last letter has brought with him, but he is on such cordial terms No! in Upsal botany no longer reigns should never go beyond letters, (an idea, for this Employment I believe the Count

Tho

commerce with your Minister, as to make him hope since the excellent man who once possessed however, which I will never allow myself d'Ayen aspires to that Embassy : But he is it has closed his eyes. The venerable Thun- to entertain,) your friendship would still be

perhaps too young, and has besides someberg, his successor, who was to indemnify dear to me, and I shoud regard the loss of thing of the Pedant about him. Woud the us for the loss of Linnæus, is already bowed it as a great Calamity: Happily my dread of Prince of Beauveau wish for this station. beneath the weight of years, which has de- that event proceeded more from my own He is not supple nor pliable enough: tho prived him of a part of his former activity: anxiety than from any reality on your part. the Princess is likely to succeed extremely, he spends nearly the whole year at a little You are only unkind not to have told me so coud she submit to the drudgery of being country-house near Upsal, and seems to live sooner. You ask the present state of our affable to all the world, as Mde de Guerchi only on recollection. Every thing which he Politics. Why, in a word, we are all in.con- is. The other day I was talking of tl.is Subcollected during his long stay in Japan, fusion. This, you'll say, is telling you doject to the Prince of Masserane, who said is in his cabinet, (consisting of many curiosi-thing new, For when were we otherwise. that he knew not whom your Court woud ties,) and it is interesting to hear his ex. But

we are in greater confusion than usual, choose, but surely, added he, they ought planations of them, which he gives with the because of the strange condition of Lord to choose the wisest man in France, for a greatest politeness; but to botany, his fa- Chatham, who was regarded as our first Station so delicate, and so essential towards vourite study in youth, he seems to pay but Minister: The Public here as well as with preserving the general Tranquillity. I wish little attention. "In general, I did not find you, believe him wholly mad, but I am as the choice may fall on the Prince and Printhat the author of the most careful and sured it is not so, He is only fallen into ex- cess of Beauveau, and that you may come faithful description of Japan enjoys the es- creme low spirits and into nervous Disorders, over with them. Ishoud like to have affairs teem due to him. The same may be said of which render him totally unfit for Business, of state to transact with you and her. You the author of the voyage to the Cape of make him shun al! Company, and, as I am know that Ministerial Falls are very light Good Hope, Professor Sparrman : both told set him weeping like a child, upon the accidents in this Country: A fallen Minister learned men, who are often quoted as autho- least accident. Is not this a melancholy immediately Rises a Patriot, and perhaps rities by the Germans, English, and French, situation for so lofty and vehement a spirit mounts up to greater consideration than beenjoy no extraordinary reputation in Sweden as his. And is it not even an addition to bis fore. For this reason our tottering situaThey have either outlived themselves, or unhappiness that he retains his senses. It tion does not hinder us in this family from the old proverb is here also true :

was a rash experiment, that of repelling the being in great joy, by the Marriage of Miss ** No prophet is honoured in his own country." mind, and perhaps a hearty Fit of it Gout, which threw bim into this state of Conway to Mr Demar.

They are both Even in Stockholm there is no trace of a again prove a cure to him. Mean-while, the your acquaintance, and seem to make a very botanic-garden, for nobody will call by that public suffer

extremely by his present imbe- proper Marriage. You say that you have lcarned Borgius has bequeathed to the Aca- fall in variance : and the King, entertains If they interest you, they cannot be indifname the great kitchen-garden which the cility: No affairs advance. The Ministers many interesting matters to tell me, but do

not care to trust them by the common Post. demy of Sciences. Professor Swarts, who thoughts of forming a new Administration. ferent to me. Give me some hint of them. well deserves to manage a less common The first Person, whom he addresses himself Do they concern yourself in particular. Are establishment, has the care of it; only use to is, your friend the Duke of Bedford whose there any New Prospects opening to ful plants are reared there, and the seeils consideration is very great, on account of You know my meaning: Or what is next are sent over the couniry. One homage has, his quality, and Riches, and Friends, and best, have you lost all hopes and laid aside bowever, been attempted to be paid to bo-above all, of his personal character. It was all desire of that object. tany, (in the year 1802,) by a kind of Flora very happy for the Duke, that, at the time Suecica, which appeared under the title of of poor Tavistock's Death, there were pub

London, 23 Dec. 1768. Swensku Botanik. Two young naturalists, lic Transactions of moment before the Par

I believe the Duchess of Grafton was your

« 上一頁繼續 »