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extraordinary man, subject to all the vicis country of which it is the central object, this Castle, which was in a short time surmanity," could not withstand the “ solid connection and regularity to the descrip- treaty it was consigned to the custody of situdes of fortune and
the infirmities of hu: and this has been accomplished (to give rendered to the Barons, who were in the premacy" of Alexander, not liable either to tious,) by four distinct tours or pro. Eleanor, the Queen Dowager. to the vicissitudes of fortune or human in- gresses, involving such local histories as
In 1215, King John took refuge in Windfirmities !!!
appeared to claim insertion; and the sor Castle, nor did he quit the protection Had this work been one of mere abstract decorative part has been preferred, from which its walls afforded him till the signa. politics, we should have passed it unnoticed; the interest excited either by the anti-ture of Magna Charta. - In 1264, during party. But we cannot restrain our indigna, subjects." — The author. acknowledges with foreigners
. "In the same year it was for ours is a publication of peace, and not of quity or picturesque effect of the several the war between Henryand the Barons, zeal' these factious and turbulent specula- the assistance he has received from many given up to the Barons, and the King issued tions, calculated to rekindle the scarcely ex
of the Nobility and Gentry of the vici- an order that Eleanor, the wife of Prince tinguished embers of war, by sowing jealousy nity, and several other sources, which Edward, with her daughter, and all her and hatred among the nations of Europe. has enabled him to give an account of household, should without delay retire from We hope that in the present instance, the every material circumstance, relative to the Castle; however, it was never for any sistency of its author, and the nature of his Pote's History, “ all the essential parts Quixotic folly of the production, the incon: Windsor, since the publication of Mr. long time out of the King's possession, for
were committed thither, and remained as any poison which might otherwise have of which,” he affirms, “ this volume will prisoners til they had paid the fines to flowed froin so mischievous an attempt. It be found to contain."
which they had been sentenced, for their merits only to be considered as an idle rhap
The second section contains several adherence to the Earl of Leicester and his sody, and in that point of view is not so projected alterations for the purpose of rebellious adherents. amusing as either Munchausen, or Tristram increasing private comfort and external Edward the First granted a charter to Shandy; the former of which it resembles in magnificence, a particular description of Windsor, declaring it a free Borough, it transports armies, cannon, and commis. which our limits will not allow us to give ; with various privileges to its inhabitants ; sariat over the map, as Mr. Shandy did his we shall therefore proceed to the work and this instrument Mr. Hakewill has son Bobby on his travels, and arriving pre- itself, which commences with an account favoured us with at length. This charter cisely at the same result-a trifling accident of the antiquity and name of this cele- was confirmed by Henry the Sixth. to annihilate the whole plan.
Edward the Fourth, in the seventh We have abstained from minute criticism, The earliest notice of Windsor, we are year of his reign, granted a charter to though disgusted with the arrogant and un informed, appears in 30 instrument of this Borough ; and James the Second, in sustained assertions, and the gross perver- donation made by Edward the Confessor the first year of his reign, granted a new sions which pervade this volume. Of the former, if examples are necessary, they will to the Monastery of Saint Peter, West. charter to this town, containing reservabe found in the assurance, that Alexander minster. King William was so pleased tions and restrictions, which narrowed always declared the attack on Copenhagen with the beauties of its situation, and its and limited certain privileges granted by to be unjustifiable, as the Crown Prince of convenience for the pleasures of the former sovereigos. After giving a full Denmark had determined on maintaining chace, that “in the first year of his reign and satisfactory account of the Guildhall, the strictest neutrality (page 16)--that every he gave the Monastery in exchange for and of the Parish-church with its monubroken hy outrages, &c.(86)—that one of it, Wakendune, in Ceaford Hundred, in ments, we bave a description of the Castle the great parties in England“ proclaims the province of the East Saxons, or Essex, and its appurtenances, commencing with that not a cannon should be fired in Europe, and a house called Feringes, in Lexedene an account of the improvements made without the reply of one charged by British Hundred, in the same province.” by Edward the Third, in which is introsubsidies, and that military glory is of more This Monarch immediately erected " a duced the following anecdote : value than constitutional freedom," &c.-Mansion, or Castle, on this favourite Writers who regard veracity so little as to spot; and in the fourth year of his reign of the King's chaplains, was appointed clerk
In 1356, William of Wickham, then one advance such notorious inventions and unfouoded absurdities, have no claim to credit he kept his court, and ordered a synod of the works, with ample powers, and a fee when they assert facts which, however doubt to be held there at Whitsuntide."
of one shilling a day whilst at Windsor, and ful their accuracy, are not froni circumstances
When Richard the First engaged in his two shillings when he went elsewhere on 80 easy to be refuted. In fine, we look upon this to be at once a
romantic expedition to the Holy Land, he the duties of his office. His clerk also had
appointed Hugh de Pudsey, Bishop of Dur- three shillings a week. In 1359, the archifoolish anda factious publication ; pretending ham and Ear" of Northumberland, one of tect's powers were considerably enlarged; knows nothing, and delivering in a dictatorial Castle of Windsor to his care and custody. finished the building of the Castle, he caused to develope matters of which the writer the regency
during his absence, and gave the and he was appointed keeper of the manors tone, as unquestionable truths, all the mis. That nobleman made it his place of res!- the words “ This made Wykhum” to be inrepresentations of the Revolutionists of dence on account of its strength, till his scribed on the wall of it; which circunFrance.
ambitious colleague, William Longchamp, THE HISTORY OF WINDSOR and its Bishop of Ely, then also Lord Chancellor, stance, it is said, excited the King's disNEIGHBOURHOOD. By JAMES HAKE
insidiously obtaining possession of his per- pleasure to such a degree, that Wykham
son, and retaining him in prison, compelled had no means of saving himself from
Mr. Hakewill observes in his Jutro- the Lord Chancellor, the King being still in brated Herne's oak:
This part of the Park was within these few tare which forms, as it were, a part of however, the account of King Richard's im- years distinguished by a venerable tree, the national magnificence, seems peces- prisonment arrived in England, about two immortalized by Shakspeare, and known by sarily to jovolve a certain circuit of the years after, Earl Joho took possession of the appellation of Ilerne's oak.
In the Merry Wives of Windsor, Mrs. Page that have been founded here, and endow-copy. The fact is, that Mr. Woodforde prerecounts the traditionary story of Herne ined with lands and sufficient revenues, ferred the study of design in the first inthese lines: There is an old tale goes, that Herne the Hunter, priests to perform masses there, for the Rome and Florence than from any other for the maintenance of chaplains and stance, to that of colouring; and deemed it
wiser to inbibe his primary principles from Some time a keeper here in Windsor Forest,
souls of their several founders and their school. This is evinced by his copies from Doth all the winter-time, at still of midnight, Walk round about an oak, with ragged horns; respective kindred. The last instance RAPHAEL, of which his fine transcripts of And there he blasts the tree and takes the of this kind is that of King Henry the the School of Athens, and the Parnassus from
cattle, And makes milch-kine yield blood, and shakes Eighth ; and as this appears to have been the original in the Vatican, are well known a chain
the last appointment of this kind in in this country. From the former, ErginIn a most hideous and dreadful manper. England, we shall perhaps at a future Ton, of Handsworth, executed his brilliant period take the liberty of transcribing it. for the library window of Sur RICHARD
painting on glass, in three compartments, The traditional account is, that Herne was a keeper of the forest in the time of Eliza
The description of the interior of the Colt Hoare, Bart. at Stour head. If Mr. beth, and having committed some offence Collegiate Church contains an account of WoodFondE,' in the dread of a superficial which would have occasioned a dismissal all the decorations and principal tombs style, did not acquire or adopt a sufficient from his office, took the desperate resolution contained in the several chapels, includ- degree of Venetian tone in Italy, he was to hang himself upon this oak. The credu- ing the solemnities performed at the not without examples of good painters abroad lity of the times may be supposed to have interment of her Royal Highness the and at home, who yielded altogether to the encouraged the story that his ghost haunted Princess Amelia : and in an Appendix we
seduction, and whose works were “color et the spot; and consequently rendered it a fit have Sir Henry Halford's account of the An artist can study colouring every where;
præterea nihil.” His course was the safest. scene of action to expose the cowardice of the lascivious knight.
discovery of, and appearances on opening, but the Vatican, only at Rome. T'he rage This celebrated tree has been lately cut the coffin of King Charles the First, for Venetian splendour had, at that period, down; but the people of Windsor show their which was accidentally found by the and for many years before, produced a pre respect for it by the estimation in which they workmen employed to form a passage vailing opinion that “a rich
effect” atoned hold the little articles of furniture and orna- from under the choir of St. George's ties. This notion still continues to exercise ment that have been formed from its remains. Chapel to the mausoleum built in the an injurious intluence. Instead, therefore,
In his account of the Great Park, Mr. tomb-house by his present Majesty, of detailing private anecdotes of the man, we Hakewill has presented us with a particu We now proceed to the institution of shall, in conformity with our prefatury oblar description of the improvements made the Most Noble Order of the Garter, servations, continue our endeavour to conby his present Majesty, and especially the origin of which is involved in ob- nect the Memoir of the Artist with the inthe methods now used in cultivating what scurity, and rather perplexed than elu- terests of his art; and, for that purpose, is termed Norfolk Farm.
cidated by the contradictory opinions of of PAUL VERONESE, whose picture in the We now come to Windsor Forest, the learned and ingenious antiquaries, Pisani Palace, our young English painter which, we are informed," was formerly who have attended to the subject. The copied. We may be said to write this under of much greater extent than appears from popular opinion of its having arisen from the dominion of that celebrated master, the surveys of modern times; its original the circumstance of the Countess of from having, within this hour, viewed his circumference was computed at 120 Salisbury dropping her garter wbilst splendid painting of the Magdalen washing miles, but according to Roque's map of dancing, is regarded as an idle story, and Christ's feet, in the possession of Mr. ROGERS. Berkshire, and subsequent surveys made its true origin referred to the love of Magician, we feel it our duty to resist his under the authority of his present Ma- military glory which predominated in the spell. The march of Dryden's jesty, for inquiring into the state of character of its royal fouwder,
"Deep-mouth'd verse and long resounding line" Windsor Forest, ascertaining its boundar Following this account is a descrip- in some degree resembles this painter's ies, and the lands of the Crown within tion of the ceremonies observed at the EXECUTION; but that the former is borne the same, its circumference appears, at first installation in the year 1349, the aloft by a burning power of thinking, in this time, to be about fifty-six miles.- insignia of the order, and a list of all which essential the laiter is too often deficiThe number of deer have of late years those who have been elected since its tility of invention, and a magnificence of
ent. Although he possessed a prodigious ferbeen very much diminished, there being first establishment to June 1812, amount- coniposition, which has not been often surno more than 318 deer in the whole ing to 632 names,
passed by any master but Rubens, these forest; and by a return made in Novem ( 1o be concluded in our nert—with an ac- imposing qualities are, in many instances, ber, 1731, the 'herd then consisted of count of the Eton Montem, and other extracts.) over balanced by deficiencies. His perform1300."
ances may be likened to a grand concert of Mr. Hakewill has also presented us BIOGRAPHICAL PORTRAITS. vocal and instrumental music, where every with soine extracts from a description of
effort is employed to display the skill of the this forest by J. Nordan, surveyor of the SAMUEL WOODFORDE, ESQ. R. A.
composer, and the admirers of BRAVURA are
lavish of applauses, while the breast remains woods to James the First; these extracts With Remarks on the style of Paul VERONESE, unmoved. It is impossible not to admire are copied from the original in the British
and other Masters.
the grandeur of his general ideas; or to reMuseum, and cannot be considered other
(Concluded from our last.) fuse bim a distinguished place among the wise than a curious addition to the work, FORDE ought to have copied more of Paul well to recollect that all his acknowledged
The accusation of others, that Woov
great masters; but a British student will do A very interesting account of the Royal Veronese's pictures in Italy is by no means merits do not rest upon the sure basis of Chapel and Collegiate Church of St. implied in our observation, that he did not truth. Placed beside the pure forms and George, comes next under our consider- catch all the brilliancy of that master's man- loftier inspiration of Rome, the severe gran. ation.
ner in his copy from the Pisani picture. We deur of Florence, or the pensive twilight of After recounting the various additions have never seen a copy from Paolo, that had Bologna, the style of Paul Veronese is the and improvements made by several suc- execution.
not lost a portion of his light and vivacious dangerous allurement of a Lais conspared cessive Monarchs to this Chapel, the choicest wine from vessel to vessel, so some
As in the transfusion of the with the retiring loveliness of a Vestal. If author particularizes numerous chaptries thing must ever be lost in even the best · Author of the Pleasures of Memory,
SOME MEMOIR OF THE L.JE
the blandishments from which the age and cient in that energy which is the great cha- son's engravings) personifying motion in its wisdom of the Athenian philosophers afford-racteristic of originality. He was contented rapid groups, equalled, and in some parts ed no safeguard, found an easy conquest in to follow his own age; where, with a noble excelled him in the former
who the unbridled spirit of Alcibiades; the splen- ambition, he was qualified to lead; and, as ever equalled him in the fierce chase of the dour, which Reynolds condemned, but had not he painted for a gay, luxurious people, who Bear and the Boar; the Wolf, the Lion, and power to resist, ought not to be approach- delighted in spectacle, he flattered, instead the Tiger? In the Conversion of St. Paul, ed by a young artist, without a due degree of seeking to direct, their taste. Hence his the Defeat of Maxentius, and the Battle of of caution. No painter, not even “the fu- antics; his traps to catch the applause of the the Amazons, his genius moves before us, rious Tintoretto," perhaps, ever more skil- multitude; his degradation of sacred history like Homer's Neptune, with an earth-shaking fully united the effect of a finished picture by unworthy and vulgar incidents. To this and appalling, power. We do not alone with the extemporaneous fire and fearless we owe his introduction of capricious whim- imagine the wild shriek of maternal agony eloquence of a sketch. The masterly union sies, of buffoonery and deformity; of dogs uver the bleeding bodies of the infants; the of dissimilar means and principles, of gold and monkeys ; dwarfs, and parrots, and confused cries and shouts of dogs and men; and silver hues, of deep-toned solemnity and negroes; upon the most solemn occasions. or the roar of the lion springing upon his dazzling splendour; the stateliness of his This spirit of compliance with fashion, render- hunters. The illusion is perfect. We are buildings; the inexhaustible profusion of ed him more intent to crowd his canvas hurried away by the fear and fight, and his groups; the variety and picturesque than make deep impressions; and the ma- madness of the combatants. The spirit of "beauty of his contrasts; the nobleness of his jority of his figures are like unconcerned the painter, of Rubens himself, is upon us. dispositions; and the triumphant velocity of hirclings in a pageant, set out for show, not The sound of thunder overturning the men his hand, are suficient to intoxicate any but anxious performers in the busy scene of life. and horses of the Christian persecutor; the a mind thoroughly formed upon the antique La endow...ents from nature he had, perhaps, clang of armour; the groans of the wounded and the immutable principles of Nature. few superiors in his time; and his practical and dying; and the tremendous shock of Yet, even in some of his most celebrated powers might have scaled the highest eleva- closing armies, break upon the ear of fancy. compositions, his public festivals, those tion of his art. But he turned aside too fre- This is not merely a fine effect of light and sumptuous monuments of his genius, all the quently from nature, and mistook the means colour, upon the eye. It is an effect of the magic of his tone, and richness of his surface, for the end. Although his works altogether painter's mind and passions, upon the mind do not sufficiently compensate for his want furnish some splendid exceptions; and, in and passions of the Spectator; and like that of sentiment. The proud confidence of his particulars of executive excellence and fer- produced by Homer's battles, or Shakspeare's brilliant imagination; its decorative ele- tility of genius, have deservedly obtained best dramas, it sends an impetuous current gance and tastesul pomp, were often la him an immortal reputation; it must be through the veins, and hurries the whole vished upon bustle and parade alone. No
confessed that he does not often excite the man into motion. composer ever knew how to veil the emp- higher sympathies, or impress a moral with Compared with these impassioned, burntiness of his suloject with so many splendid force., His appeal was to the eye, and a ing energies, the most celebrated of Paela's resources; but that invention, like the Nile, British student must not forget that a power, compositions, with all their imposing grandeur ever flowing and ever full, although so which
and splendid attractions, appear like a brilrich in voluptuous combinations for the " Plays round the hend, but comes not near the liant assemblage, asleep with their eyes eye, was sometimes altogether forgetful
open. WOODFORDE, perhaps, might have of the mind. He was full of fire; but ought not to be studied, until after a solid ventured more; but his diffident approach too abundant and rapid 10 give it a due di-foundation of more valuable acquisitions has to Venetian style, was no doubt directed by rection. His fire exhausts itself upon trap- been deeply taid.
good taste and sound principle. The mispings and machinery; while, in pourtraying Wood Forde, who, at Rome, had judiciously application of this great Venetian master's the emotions, he is generally indolent, and endeavoured to ground himself in design and genius to the secondary part of his art, may often cold. His females do not want the composition, might well dread to surrender afford a salutary lesson to young Artists, that freshness of youth or personal comeliness. himself wholly to the dangerous influence no power of hand or effect, can atone for the Their bold now of outline and agreeable of colouring at Venice. RUBENS, who, with-want of truth, simplicity, and the genuine relative spirit are not unallied to grace. out imitation, incorporated so much of Paul feelings of nature. They possess the charms of external embel ERONESE's showy principle in his practice, The genius of TITIAN was capable of Jishment; a rich attire; ornaments of gold is perhaps inferior to him in some features every style: it ascended with the loftiness of and diamond; a free, inviting mien, and of tasteful elegance; but far his superior in his subject, and he produced immortal exgala-look, as if dressed out for show, and energy of action. His powers are not seen amples of the terrible, the sublime, and the assured of admiration. But we search in in reposive subjects. But his tumultuous beautiful. If Paul Veronese and Tintoretto vain for the affecting simplicity of nature. groups are ever bent upon a right-on pur- too often substituted colouring and chiaroThey want the sweet pudicity and gentle pose. Wherever the developement of force scuro for sentiment; Titian, almost alone, charm of feminine sensibility. They have is necessary, the blood, bone, and muscles, communicated a sentiment to colouring? little tenderness or sorrow; little of thal the soul and body of his agents, are in stre- The grandeur of his design, although not divine and touching beauty, which, in the nuous exertion. His characters are ordinary, wholly pure, may be separated from his Madonna and Magdalen of LEONARDO DA and rarely touched with the finer passions; magic harmony, and still preserve its maVinci, RAPHAEL, CORREGGIO and Guido, but they possess a constitutional heat, which jesiy. There is a simple greatness in his exalt every sense of the spectator into one, names forth under violent impulses. The conceptions, which rests upon a solid founand make eternal impressions. Learned in more it is called for, the more this vehe-dation of nature, and gives a value to the the human figure, yet careless in the choice ment activity appears. Paul VERONESE is, engravings from his pictures. But the prints of his models, and more robust than pro- comparatively, the director of a gay and from the paintings of Paul VERONESE, found in his male forms, he sacrificed dra- amusing bustle; the niaster of a magnificent stripped of his luminous tones and creative matic propriety and historical truth where-ceremonial. His story and characters are boldness of band, possess less interest, and ever it served his purpose. He was equally subservient to his colouring and effect. Ro- are more rarely to be found in classical colindifferent to the costume; and condescend- BENs made his splendid colouring and effect, lections, than those from any other celeed to substitute the artifice of grouping an in his grand compositions, accessaries to his brated master. The French Artists would opposition of attitirdes and theatrical airs, story. He employed them to impress more do well to spread a little of his free handling for just expression and dignified character. forcibly upon the spectator a still higher and mellow graces over the learning and His old heads are grave and venerable, but effect the effect of angry and mortal conflict grandeur of David's School, which, with all too nearly alike. He borrowed from no other upon hostile multitudes. This is the pervad- its depth of design, is rather tame and master; at least his design rarely betrays afing spirit of his Massacre of the Innocents, deficient in richness of surface. But in Entrace of imitation; but he too often repeated and huntings of savage animals. TINTO- gland, where public circumstances have prohimself; and, although an original, is defi- RETTO, (as may be seen in Sadeler's and Jack-duced, perbaps, somewhat too great a neglect
of design and correctness in the detail offsions and purchasers. West, whose composi-ledge of the human form; his expression living forms; where freedom of hand has tions had spread his reputation through Eu- was often spirited, and generally just; his been pushed to its very utmost length; and rope, and who displayed the most original figures invented with a certain easy and colouring and chiura-scuro carried to an en-style of any historical painter of his time, in natural elegance. Although he occasionally viable excellence; the works of the Venetian thirty-five years, had not received more than met purchasers, and sometimes commissions, painters and of Paul Veronese in particular, two commissions from the English Nobility. a number of his fancy-subjects remained unwhose chief excellence lies upon the surface; It is almost certain, that but for the counte- sold in his hands; and he was, like others, and consists in colour, effect, the artifices of nance and employment, which his MAJESTY obliged to turn his pencil to portraits, a composition and prowess of peocil; are not afforded him, that eminent artist must have Jepartment which requires a distinct train the very safest models for a young student. either quitted the field of liistory, or quitted of studies, and in which he was less quaThe real want and evil, is the want of a England. With respectable talents, enthu- lified to succeed. demand or commissions for historical subjects ; siastic devotion to his profession, and much In 1800 he was chosen an associate of the which make able Draughtsmen and Designers. learning compiled from the schools, Barry Royal Academy, and in 1807, had the ailThe encouragement of historical painting still struggled in the gulph of misfortune. ditional honour to be elected a Royal Acadewould answer every necessary end, because Soured by neglect into a misanthrope, and mician, His adinission picture, Dorinda this department of painting combines the reduced, by his industry, to pauperism ; his wounded by Silvio, from the Pastor Fido of daily study of correctness in the naked desolate age was, in the opinion of foreign- Guarini, is of a small cabinet size, pleasfigure, with the choice of superior forms; ers, a disgrace to his country, and a warving ingly composed; but not sufficiently transdepth of design and ideal elevation, with to others to flee from the rock of historical parent in the colouring. The principal figure that true grandeur, which consists in the painting, and shun his fate. The pure fame bears some resemblance to the style of Tresimple movements of nature. WOODFORDE's of Stoddari's fancy shed its delicious light shum. Among his compositions, that of Cae course of study is justified. The works of almost in vain; his mild inspirations were lypso after the departure of Ulysses; and anthe Roman and Florentine Schools, which chiefly spent in decorations for the book. other of Diana surrounded by her Nymphs, voite purity with elevation; the antique sellers. It would he painful to advert to the were highly admired. Their graceful dispostatues, and the living figure; are the best struggles of other clever artists. Newmarket, sition and warm poetical fancy displayed his models, in all the early stages of practice, and the fashionable gambling-houses; vice classical mind and taste tu much advantage. for the young Artists of this
country. and folly, and dissipation ; parasites and a subject taken from WALTER Scott's From this critical digression, so imme: panders; bruisers and courtesans, Avurished. Minstrel, painted on a whole-length canvas, diately connected with the interests of There were a hundred Whartons and Cherte was also deservedly applauded. It is now British art, and necessary to vindicate him rises for one Henry or Richard lloare, who in the possession of Sir Thomas DYKE ACfrom the charge of not having persevered in spent his fortune with honour to himself and LAND, Bart. of Kellerton, in the County of copying Paul Veronese, we return to the artisi, benefit to his country. With the exception Devon. One of his last pictures, a halfMr. Woodforde. Ilis stay in Venice must of a very few such amateurs of rank, com-lingth canvas, of King Charles I. taking have been short, since it has escaped the pre-merce alone furnished the limited employ- leave of his family, was purchased by Sharpe sent recollection of a gentleman, who watched ment, which the historical and fancy paint the engraver. Ainong his most successful over his advancement with a generous soli- ers received. FUSELI, in his edition of portraits that of the Earl of Winchelsea was citude, and never lost an opportunity of Pilkington's Dictionary, in mentioning his considered the best; that of the Spanish rendering him a service. But we have ob- deceased contemporaries of the British Shepherd and his celebrated Dog, was tained the fact of his studying at Venice, school, refers, not to the galleries or palaces marked by striking truth of character; but and a sight of his copy, alter PAUL Ve- of Princes, Peers, or great Commoners, but his best portraits and compositions are to be RONESE's picture, froni one of his fellow- to the galleries of TRADING SPECULATORS, seen at STOURHEAD, the seat of his constant students in Italy, now in London. In Sir for their best historical works. BOYDELL, and munificent patrons. RICHARD Colt Hoare's letter, in the last MackLIn, and other print-sellers, occasion About eighteen months ago, having reannals of the Fine Arts, we find that this ally furnished subjects from poetry or history alised, by diligence and economy, a comBaronet was in Rome in 1786; and it is to the painters; and the engravings from fortable independence, he engaged in marcertain that his countenance and encourage the pictures became a lucrative article of riaye; and, almost immediately after, gave ment proved an essential service to the traffic all over Europe.
up his house in Great Marlborough Street, British students. We have no immediate Amidst the general dearth of employment and quitted England for Italy, intending memorandum to ascertain whether that gen- in his department of painting, WOODPORDE probably to spend the remainder of his days tleman remained in Italy during the whole had the superior good fortune of a patron at in that classical country. He had planned a of Mr. WOODFORDE's stay in that country. Stourbead. Among the cunimissions, which series of summer excursions to sketch the But we koow that the young painter, who he received soon after his return to England, varieties of picturesque costume and approwas, in fact, an elève of the family at Stour- Boydell employed him to paint the forest priate scenery of the provinces. From these head, returned to England in 1991, in com- scene from Titus Andronicus, in which drawings he proposed to paint suljects of a pany with that distinguished amateur. We Timora, Chiron, Demetrius, and Lavinin, are small size, during the winter. But Provican well imagine the tide of ardent feeling, introduced. This picture, which was paint-dence decreed otherwise. On the 22nd of and participate in the honourable hope of ed for the small illustrations of Shakspeure, last July, being on his return from Venice fame, with which the mind of a man of was delivered to Mr. Boydell in Nov. 1792, to Bologna, he was taken ill of an inflaaigenius is filled on revisiting his native coun- and its merits soon after inade known to the matory fever at Ferrara, and was with great try, to reap the reward of all his classical public, by Anker Smith's engraving. difficulty removed to Bologna, where he es• acquisitions. He arrived at a critical period. It is unnecessary to recapitulate the pired on the 27th of the same month, after a The Fine Arts were then advancing into honourable efforts of Mr. WOODFORDE to five days' illness. We bave not heard whether general estimation. In portraits, landscapes, obtain public patronage in the department of he has left any issue. Of his character as a and subjects from domestic life and rustic painting, to which he had devoted his pen- man, we may briefly observe, that it was reniature, ihe painters of merit found opulent cil. The annual exhibitions at Somerset- served, but marked with much amenity. anul liberal patrons. In every class to wbich House, evinced bis genins and persevering Lis unvaried mural conduct, and gentlemanly encouragement was afforded, British genius spirit. His compositions were generally manners, procured him a respectable circle was displayed, and honour acquired for the confined to a few ligures. Poetry, allegory, of friends and patrons; among the latter of county. But the highest aims of the Fine romantic tales, and ballad stories, seidoin whom may be included the EABL OP AYLIS Arts were unpatronised, and their best in- History in its grave extended sense, fur- Burr, who received him at his home, boch terests inisunderstood. Keynolds, Romney, nished his subjects. His colouring wanted as an Artist and a Friend. W.C. and Opie, with an earnest desire to practise mellowness of tone, but his desigos manihistorical paiuting, were obliged to abandon fested much warm feeling and agreeable
ihrough want of commis- fancy. Ilis drawing showed a correct know
SIR. J. T. DUCKWORTH, BARONET, maining on the same station; while there On the 6th June following, Rear-Admiral
the White, Commander in Chief on the and to look into Fort-Royal harbour every nated one of the Knights Companions of the
day: On the 16th June following he was Bath, as an acknowledgment of his long Sir John is the descendant of an ancient made Post Captain in the Terrible of 74 and faithful services, and for the recent reand highly respectable, though not opulent gurs, from which he was removed to the duction of the Danish and Swedish Islands, family in the county of Devon. He was Princess Royal.
He retained the command on the Leewardborn at Leatherhead, Surrey, in February In July, 1776, he married Anne, only Island station till the winter of 1801-2, when 1749. His father was Vicar of Stoke child and heir of John Wallis, of Camelford, he returned to England, and was out again Pogeis, and Rector of Fulmer in Bucking- in Cornwall, Esq. by whom he had issue employed till the renewal of hostilities in shire, whose livings were not very productive; George, who, at an early period, entered the 1803. At that period, he obtained the imbut who, by means of a strict economy, was army; and a daughter, the lady of the pre- portant and lucrative appointment of Comenabled to provide for his family, and to live sent Rear-Admiral Sir Richard King, Bart. mander-in-Chief at Jamaica, with a fleet of jo a respectable manner. Bcing extremely Commander-in-Chief on the East-India sla- 28 sail of the line. From the time of his arwell qualified for such a task, he educated tion. His only son by this marriage, Co-rival to the close of the year, an astonishing the subject of this memoir, and fitted liim lonel Duckworth, was killed in one of the number of captures were made by his cruizfor the service to which he has since done engagements under the Duke of Wellington, ers. The respective harbours of the Island so much honour. in Spain.
of St. Domingo were also closely blockaded; He was sent at a very early age to Eton; In 1781 he returned to England with a and in addition to the usual duties of his and was ten years of age when a visit convoy in the Grafton 74; and to his honour station, Sir John had to conduct a very was paid to he school by the renowned it is recorded, that during a tedious and troublesome negociation with General RoBuscawen. It was propused by the Admiral sickly voyage he lived chiefly upon the chambeau, the commander of the French that young Duckworth should accompany ship's salt provisions and common beverage, forces in that Island. him tu sea. The proposal was eagerly that he might give up his fresh stock and On the 23rd April, 1804, Sir John was accepted by the ardent boy, whose mind and wines to the invalids among his men!!! promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral of the body had been formed by nature for the Captain Duckworth, who had been many Blue, and continued on the Jamaica station profession; and in a few days he was esta- years out of commission, was appointed in till the spring of 1805, when he was sucblished on board of the Namur. Nor was it 1793 to the Orion, of 74 guns. He was at. ceeded in the command by Rear-Admiral long before he shared in the perils and tached to the Channel fleet, under the orders Dacres.' By a judicious distribution of glories of naval warfare; for he fought in of Earl Howe, and was in the ever-memo- his forces, bě eftectually protected the comthe engagement with the French Admiral de rable actions of the 28th and 29th of May, merce and coasts of the Island, and was unila Clue, in the year 1759; and was present and 1st June, 1794, in which he was parti- versally esteemed and respected; which will also at the victory gained in the same year cularly mentioned in Lord Howe's dispatches. be sufficiently seen in the following resoluover the Admiral de Conflans.
lle displayed great personal bravery, and a tion of the House of Asseinbly of Jamaica, In June 1770, he was raised to the rank profound knowledge of naval tactics. On dated December 7, 1804 : of Lieutenant, and the next incident we the 25th March, 1795, he sailed in the Levi “ Agreed to, nem. con., that the thanks of have of the life of our young sailor, was while athan of 74 guns, with the squadron under the House be presented to Vice-Admiral Sir he was serving on board of the Kent of 74 the command of Rear-Admiral Mann, for the John Thomas Duckworth, K. B. for the guns, Captain Charles Fielding. He was Mediterranean, but parted company off Cape effectual protection afforded to the commerce in that ship when her aftermost magazine Finisterre, and with the Hannibal and Swift- and coasts of this island, by his able and blew up, on the 4th July, 1774; while salut- sure proceeded with a convoy to the West disinterested distribution of his Majesty's ing the Admiral as she was sailing out of Indies. !o August, 1796, Captain Duck- naval force under his command. Plynouth Sound, the wadding from the guns worth lioisted the broad pendant in the Le “ And that lie be requested to accept a of the Kent communicated with some gun-viathan, and was particularly successful in sword, of one thousand guineas value, as a powder in an ammunition chest on the poop, capturing the enemy's privateers and mer- testimony of the high sense entertained by which instantly took fire, and blew up all chant vessels. In 1798 he joined the Chan- this house, of the eminent services he has that part of the ship. He remained in the nel fleets under the command of Lord Brid- thereby rendered to the country.” Kent till the beginning of the year 1776, port.
The reduction of Minorca being Shortly after his return to England, Sir when he accompanied Captain Fielding into deemed an object of considerable import- John was appointed second in command of the Diamond frigate of 32 guns, and sailer! ance, Commodore Duckworth was appointed the Mediterranean feet, and hoisted his flag to America for the purpose of convoying a to the command of a squadron, for the pur on board the Superb, of 74 guns. Towards large detachment of British and foreign pose of effecting that operation; which ser- the close of 1805, he was in the immediate troops. He continued in America till the vice he performed without the loss of a single command of a squadron employed in blockspring of 1779, during a part of which time man. This rendered his presence no longer ading the port of Cadiz, when intelligence Captain Fielding was commander in Chief necessary at Minorca; he returned to the was received by him, that the French Heets at Halifax. Under his auspices he acquired Mediterranean, where he continued to June, much professional knowledge, and in fact 1800, first under the orders of the Earl St.
Sir John was always a careful and prudent became a thorough seaman. 'On the 13th Vincent, and subsequently under Lord man, and cauld not escape a sailor'o joke, as the March 1179, Mr. Duckworth was appointed Keith. In the interim (14th February, 1799) well known in the service, testifies.
following humorous anecdote told of him, and to the Princess Royal of 98 guns, then Vice- Commodore Duckworth was promoted to the
“ When captain of one of his Majesty's ships Admiral Byron's flag-ship, on the West- rank of Rear-Admiral of the White. on the Jamaica station, a report reached the Indian station. He was consequently present
The vigilance of Rear-Admiral Duckworth quarter-deck, while the ship was under a press during the action' with Count d'Estaing off was now recompensed by his falling in, on of sail, that a pig was overboard ; at the same Grenada on the 6th July following. Lieu-the 5th April, 1800, with a valuable Lina moment, the Captain's steward informed him tenant Duckworth afterwards proceeded to convoy, which after a short running fight that the pig was his property. The recessary St. Christopher's, with Vice-Admiral Byron; he succeeded in capturing; they proved to orders were immediately given to the officer: and on the 16th of July was made Master be two frigates and eleven merchantmen Man the fore and mainclue garnets, weather and Commander in the Rover sloup, re-richly laden, which were carried safely into main brace, clear away, the quarter boat for the name of Allen, was shot off by a cannon the Mediterranean to the Leeward Islands, cated the pleasing information that the pig was
In this action the head of a black man, of Rear-Admiral Duckworth proceeded from Pigey will be dresoned." The steward again ball, and struck Lieutenant Duckworth
forcibly as the successor of the late Vice-Admiral the property of the ward-room mess, and not on the breast, covering him with blood and Lord Hugh Seymour, who, on his arrival, his. The orders now were "Stand fast the fore caruage in such a manner as to give rise to a went down to relieve Sir Hyde Parker, in and main tacks, keep fast the boat, for poor temporary belief that he was killed. the command at Jamaica.
Piggy cannot be saved !!"