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is the reason of so few good pieces of him : so entirely, that for all the Buckingham | Rights of the Crown, tributes, and taxes, they, but his character is obvious to every eye. greatness with the king, and his hatred of When legally exacted, freely pay.

He was of a middle stature, more corpu- Sir Robert Mansel, yet could not that alien- Force they abhor, and wrongs they scorn to bear, lent through his clothes than in his body, ate the king's affections from him; inas. More guided by their judgment than their fear yet fat enough; his clothes ever being made much as, when by the instigations of Cot- Justice, with them, was never held severe. large and easy, the doublet quilted for stiletto tington, then ambassador in Spain, by Laws might, perhaps, enslave them; force canproof, his breeches in plaits and full stuffed. Buckingham's procurement, the Spanish amHe was naturally of a timorous disposition, bassador came with great complaint against Kings are less safe in their unbounded will, which was the reason of his quilted doublet. Sir Robert Mansel, then at Algiers to sup- Join'd with the wretched pow'r of doing ill': His eye large, ever rolling after any stranger press the pirates, that, on, the contrary, he Forsaken most when they're most absolute: who came into his presence, insomuch, as did support them. Having, never a friend Laws guard the man, and only bind the brute. many for shame have left the room, as being there that durst speak in his favour, the To force that guard, with its worst force to join, out of countenance. His beard was very king himself defended him, in these words can never be a prudent king's designthin; his tongue too large for his mouth,“ My Lord Ambassador, I cannot believe What Prince would change to be a Cataline? which ever made him speak full, and made this, for I made choice myself of him, out Break bis own laws, shake an uuquestion'd him driok very uncomely, as if eating his of these reasons ; I know him to be valiant, Conspire with vassals to nsurp his own ! drink, which came out into the cup on each honest, and nobly-descended, as any in my Let France grow proud beneath the Tyrant's side his mouth. His skin was as soft as kingdom, and will never believe a mau thus

lust, taffeta sarsnet, which felt so because he never qualified will do so base an act.”

While the rack'd people crawl, and lick the dust : washed bis hands; only rubbed his fingers' He was very witty, and had as many witty 'The manly Genius of this Isle disdains ends stightly with the wet end of a napkin. jests as any man living; at which he would All tinsel slavery, or golden chains. His legs were very weak, having, as was not smile himself, but deliver them in a England to servile yoke could never bow: thought, some foul play in his youth, that grave and serious manner. He was very What conqu’rors ne'er presum'd—who dares it he was not able to stand at seven years of liberal of what he had not in his own gripe, now? age; that weakness made him ever leaning and would rather part with one hundred In vain your Holiness does rack your brain : on other mens' shoulders : his walk was very pounds he never had in his keeping, than No son of yours that happy Isle can gain. circular, bis fingers ever in that walk fiddling one twenty-crown-piece within his own Aru'd with one Gospel, and undated law, about in his piece; he was very teinper- custody.

They guard themselves, and keep the world in

awe! ate in his exercises and diet, and not in He was crafty and cunning in petty things, temperate in drinking; however, in his old as the circumventing any great man, the AGRICULTURAL PHENOMENON. age, and Buckingham's jovial suppers, when change of a favorite ; insomuch, that a very he had any turn to do with him, made him wise man was wont to say, that he believed

To the Editor of the Literary Gazette.

Sir, A circumstance has come to my sometimes overtaken, which he would the him thc wisest man in Christendom: meanvery next day remember, and repent with ing bim wise in small things, but a fool in I think, gratify the curiosity of many of

knowledge within these few days, which will, lears. It is true he drank very often, which weighty affairs. was rather out of custom than any delight; He ever desired to prefer mean men to will probably prove a subject of beneficial

your readers; while to the Agriculturist it and his drinks were of that kind for strength, great places, that when he turned them out as Frontiniac Canary, high Canary wine, they should have no friend 10 bandy with enquiry: Trent wine, and Scottish ale, that had he not them; and besides, they were so hated by

A very respectable farmer of this neighhad a very strong brain, he might have been their being from a mean state, to overtop all bourhood received about two years since iwo daily overtaken. He was very constant in other men, that every one held it a pretty be one hundred and eight years old. Some all things, his favourites excepted, in which recreation to have them often turned out. Jof the seeds were sown, which came up well, he loved change, yet never cast down any There was in this king's reign, at one in- but the goodness of the grain was not tried, be once raised, from the height of greatness, stant, two Treasurers, two Keepers, two unless by their own default, by opposing Secretaries, two Lord-Keepers, two Admirals, the little produce before it was cut. The

on account of some pigeons having pilfered his change, as in Somerset's case : yet had three Lord Chief Justices, and yet but one second trial failed, it was thought, owing to he not been in that foul-poisoning business, in play; therefore this king had a pretty its naving been put into the ground too late and so cast hiniself down, I do verily be- faculty of putting out and in. He had a

in the season. lieve not him neither; for all his other trick to cousin himself with bargains underfavorites he left great in honour, great in hand, by taking one thousand or ten thou- of a bunch, which was tied to the ceiling of

The ears were quite black, and formed part fortune; and did much love Montgomery, sand pounds as a bribe, when his council was and trusted him more at the very last gasp, treating with his customers to raise them to is supposed to have been what was called, in

some apartment in an old farm-house, which than at the first minute of his favoriteship. so much more yearly; this went into his the days when, according to the date, the In his diet, apparel, and journies, he was very privy purse, wherein he thought he had com- wheat was cut,'« The Harvest Handful,” and constant; in his apparel so constant, as by sined the Lords, but over-reached himself; attached to some part of the farmer's house, his good will he would never change his but would as easily break the bargain upor in the manner the one in question was clothes till very rags; his fashion never : the next offer, saying, he was mistaken and found. I shall not presume to give my coninsomuch, that one bringing to him a hat deceived, and therefore no reason he should of Spanish Block, he cast it from him, keep the bargain. This was of the case with |jectures on the advantages which may reswearing he neither loved them nor their the farmers of the Customs.

sult from ascertaining the length of time fashions. Another time bringing him roses He was infinitely inclined to peace, but during which wheat may retain its fructifyon his shoes, he asked if they would make more than conscience; yet he would some

ing powers—but conclude as

Your obedient Servant, him a ruff-footed dove? One yard of six-times shew pretty flashes of valour, which

A. T. P. penny ribbon served that turn. llis diet might easily be discerned to be forced. In Connington, Sept. 6. 1817. and journies were so constant, that the best a word, he lived in peace, died in peace, and

THE FINE ARTS. observing courtier of our time was wont to left all his kingdoms in a peaceable condisay,—was he asleep seven years and then tion, with his own motto, Beati Pacifici. HISTORY AND IMPROVEMENTS OF awakened, he would tell where the king

THE VIOLIN. every day had been, and every dish he had CHARACTER OF A TRUE ENGLISHhad at his table.

MAN. He naturally loved not the sight of a sol

Royal Academy of the Fine Arts. ADDRESSED TO HIS HOLINESS IN 1680, dier, nor any valiant man; and it was an

The perpetual Secretary of the Academy observation, that Sir Robert Mansel was the The freeborn English, generous and wise,

certifies, that the following is an extract only valiunt man he loved, and he, he loved Hate chains ; but do not Government despise.

from the minutes of the sitting of Saturday, July 20, 1817.



M. Chanot, officer of maritime engineers, Euphorion, in his book of Istmüs, says M. Chanot was found correct. Thus a vioand amateur of music, has discovered a there was an ancient instrument called ma- lin with a finger-board graduated after this method for determining invariably the pro- gudis, which was surrounded by strings; that method, like the finger-board of a guitar, cesses to be employed in the construction of it was placed upon a pivot upon which it would be fit to accompany all instrumenis stringed instruments which are played with turned whilst the performer touched it with which make no difference between the sharp bows.

the bow; and that this instrument afterwards and fat, by the euharmonic division. But His views on this subject are contained in received the name of sambuce.

the imperfection of these instruments prethe Memorial which he had the honor to The hieroglyphics of Peter Valerian, page cisely consists in this equality: to confine address to the Academy, during its sitting 628, chap. 4, present the figure of a muse the violin to the same limits, would thereof the 27th of May, 1817. This memorial holding in her right hand a bass or contra- fore be to deprive it of its superiority over was submitted to the consideration of the violin, the form of which corresponds with them. Your committee accordingly disapo musical seciion of the Academy, to whose that of our violins or basses.

proved of this innovation, and M. Chanot lahours in making the investigation required Philostratus, who taught at Athens, cur- renounced it with the utmost readiness. by the committee, were added those of M. ing the reign of Nero, gives the following The second part of the Memorial is the M. Charles and De Prony. description of the lyre :

most important; it points out the alterations The object of the first experiments of M. “Orpheus," he says, “ supported the lyre which have been made in the ordinary con Chanot was to bring to perfection the struc- against his left leg, whilst he beat time by struction of the grooved violin, with a view ture of the violin. It was natural to begin striking his foot upon the ground; in his to produce more sonorous vibrations, or to with that instrument; for, in the empire of right hand he held the bow, which he drew multiply the vibrations in the fibres of the music, the violin, both de jure and de facto, across the strings, turning his wrist slightly woo and to obta as an accessary, a always holds the highest rank; and in the inwards. He touched the strings with the greater degree of solidity in the body of the arrangement of scores, this rank has for a fingers of his left hand, keeping the knuckles instrument. Projecting edges and grooves length of time been established. perfectly straight.”

have now been employed, and the angles are Rousseau, a famous violin player in the From this description, it would appear that covered with hard wood, in order to resist reign of Louis XIV. observed, that since the lyre to which Philostratus alludes is the concussions. This simple form enables the mankind had applied themselves to imitate same instrument which the moderns call the maker to employ one single piece for the the human voice by means of musical in-contra-violin or viola di gamba.

side curvatures, and to dispense with the struments, no stringed instruments, played As we have before observed, the word use of rivets, which diminish the elasticity with the bow, had yet been discovered, which plectrum is in the dictionaries translated by of the case. This construction is therefore effected this imitation with so much exact- bow; it remains to be ascertained whether favourable to the production of vibrations ness as the violin. It is in fact only by the bows of the ancients were of a form cor- which otherwise would not exist. But M. means of the bow, that a performer on a responding with ours, and whether they Chanot chiefly attributes the sonorous quastringed instrument possesses the power of were used in the modern way. Did the lity in the vibrations of his new viulin to the lengthening the notes, and playing crescendo ancients strike the bow upon the strings of method of cutting the sounding-board; to and diminuendo, according to the dictates of the instrument? or did they draw forth the the form of the parallel holes on each side, his taste, in the same way as the sentiment sound by means of friction? These questions which are made to approximate as closely as of the singer leads him to vary the accents are still undecided.

possible to the curvatures; to the situation of his voice. It may therefore justly be Numberless quotations may be accumu- of the bar in the centre of the soundingsaid, that the bow is to stringed instruments lated to prove that instruments played with board in the form of a splint, and likewise to what the soul is to the body.

bows are not of modern invention, and the geometrical section of the instrument. The present seems a favourable opportu- amidst their categories, the violin, which has In consequence of these improvements nity for entering upon a few details concern- so long maintained its title of king of instru- there are, in an equal degree of thickness, ing the origin of the violin; and a short dis- ments, may justly be regarded as the chief; many more vibrating fibres under the imsertation on this subject will not, perhaps, be for the only remarkable difference among mediate pressure of the bridge. Confining deemed irrelative to the object of this report. them consists in variety of size. They all ourselves to a single point of comparison, it

We therefore proceed to state the opinions have a back and front, connected together is sufficient to observe, that to give to the of a few authors, though we by no means by sides, a handle, a finger board, a bridge, holes of common violins the form of the letconceive that the question ought to be de-a sounding-post, and a smaller or greater ter f is generally bad. The turnings of this cided by any thing they may say on the number of strings, wound upon pins which letter render it necessary to cut a considersubject; and we resign the task of rectify- screw in at the upper end of the handle. able number of fibres, which no longer vio ing their errors to any one who may feel in In addition to this similarity of form, their brate under the immediate pressure of the clined to undertake it.

nanies bear a close analogy to each other. bridge; whilst in the new violin, without But little is known respecting the origin It is evident that Violin, Violoncello, Viola, augmenting the mass of fibres, the parallel of the violin: it would be natural enough to Viola-d'amore, &c. &c. are but so many titles holes on the sides allow of the attainment of presume that it was not invented before the which serve to distinguish the members of the maximum of the vibrations. pinth or tenth centuries, were it not distinct- one family. During the ages in which the The author establishes the following simly mentioned in the writings of ancient au- Troubadours flourished, they were frequently ple principle, which has been confirmed by thors; and in all the Latin and French dic- designated by the term Violleurs, or violin- various positive experiments, namely: that tionaries, the word plectrum is translated by players.

the long fibres are favourable to the producarchet (bow).

We have briefly noticed these opinions, tion of low tones, and the shorter fibres Bernardin Maffey, a cardinal, who was because we regard the violin as the first and or arches to the production of high tones, born at Rome, in 1514, and who, among most perfect of stringed instruments; and This should be the guiding principle in the other works, wrote a treatise on inscriptions we therefore conceive that every effort which construction of instruments such as the vioand medals, represents, in an antique, Or- may tend to advance it to the highest degree in. By fixing the sounding-post at the pheus surrounded by animals, playing on of perfection, ought to be encouraged by the back of the bridge, the fibres of the soundthe violin, which was anciently played with Academy.

ing-board are divided into two arches ina bow, and known by the name of lyre. Fa M. Chanot has attempted this difficult en- stead of being cut in two, on the side of the ther Kircher says, that the instruments called terprise. His methods of amelioration are E. string. divisio is necessary, bemagul and minuim were in form very much detailed in his Memoirs.

cause, the high tones being produced on that like the violin. Other writers assert that The object of the first part of this Memo- side, the bridge acts on the shorter arches the nublium and the psalterium of the He- rial is the division of the Monochord, so as to like a small lever, whilst on the side of the brews bore a close resemblance to the instru- split the interval between the key-note and large strings the fibres are enabled to viment to which the moderns have given the its octave into twelve equal semi-tones. brate in the long arches, necessary to pro: name of violin.

The short algebraic formula employed by duce low tones.

way round,


these excellent violins; M. Boucher, to Not a stick had she left our poor artist for fuel. down with a very quick pace. At this

This explanation of the play of the instru ORIGINAL POETRY. the Colonel. “So my lady,” said I,“ they ment is rendered probable by the experi


are going away.” “ Yes, Brigida, they are, ment of placing the sounding-post behind

thank Heaven, though I fear, not for good."

HERCULES. the foot of the bridge, on the side of the

At this moment Rosina came in, and said

Ex quovis ligno fit Mercurius. large strings: the large strings and the E.

In times which we moderns distinguish as old, that Diego had returned. “ Bring him up," string then resound in a far slighter degree Men made their own Gods, which they word exclaimed my lady, springing from the than before, and the tone of the instru

shipp'd and sold.

bed.“ Into your bed-room,” I observed with ment is considerably damped.

Some were made out of marble, and some out wonder.—“ Yes,” said she, “here or anyIlence the new model, with an equality wood;

where.” Rosina now came back with Diego, of volume, and circumscribed within the But the worship of either was equally good. bringing a letter which my lady snatched same principal dimensions, must produce a An artist who wrought for the popular taste, from him, and putting her finger on her lips, more powerful tone, and be better calculated But who could not afford to cut marble to waste, “ Remember, Diego,” were her words. “I for the performance of sostenuto passages And exerted his skill on the famed God of still

. I believe he was as eager as myself

will, my dear lady," replied he, but stood than the violin of common construction, since it possesses a greater number of long

Strength :

to know the contents of the letter; but my

But whether his skill or the times were not arches for producing deep tones, as well as

lady hurried out of the room. I followed her

good, short arches for high tones.

'Twas in vain that he offer'd his godslip in wood; as close as I could to the saloon, where the This theory, which is founded on simple In vain that he gave the best place in his shop!- Colonel had been sitting. I believe it was principles, has been confirmed by decisive For the sky might as soon as a customer drop. for him she was looking, but he had gone experiments, which establish the superiority He had made a few meals on the Goddess of out soon after dinner. She paced the rooin of the structure of the new violin over all Love,

with great anxiety for about half an hour, others. The comparison was hazardous. And was making his last on the head of his Jove: and then sat down to the piano; she played M. Boucher was requested to bring to the But Fortune, who never does matters by half, a few notes of the patriotic sung, then got sitting one of the best Staduarius. A very And leaves us no choice but to cry or to laugh: up, stood motionless, lifted her hand above advantageous prejudice exists in favour of As the whim that prevails, she is kind or is her head, and then began to walk up and enable the members to judge with impar. Now, whether his thoughts turn'd lis head that juncture the Colonel came in--my lady ran tiality, therefore stepped into an adjoining

to him with the letter, which she had put apartment, and played alternately the same A help from the Deity present he found.

in her bosom. The Colonel took the letter passages on both violins.

Then, like a good heathen, he knelt on the floor, and read," I thank you for your informaThe whole committee, during three suc- And begg’d from his Hercules one labour more tion, but it is quite incorrect; the enemy cessive experiments, thought they were That, since to the end of his faggot he'd got, are retreating in every direction, and I shall listening to the Staduurius, whilst M. Bou- The hero would help him in boiling his pot. follow up the advantage I have gained cher was playing on the new violin, and,

52000 !--it is impossible,"—may God previce versa, supposed he was playing on the Now, brother Artists, 'tis for you

serve you many years,—from your affecStaduarius. This repeated mistake decided

To make the application due;

tionate Uncle.”

B. the question in favour of M. Chanot's violin,

Whether it might not be as well

“ There is but one thing for it now," said which, though made of new wood, partly of

To burn the works you cannot sell :

the Colonel; “ I have ordered all the troops

They'd give at least a warmth and blaze, two years and partly of six months' cut, sustained this powerful competition without

As good as barren public praise.

from Ordunna,agreeably to my commands,but D

I have not given the route which was pointed

-y. any disadvantage.

out. I have sent i hem out of the way of the Your committee, Gentlemen, whilst they


impending business, but I fear the trap is bestow on M. Chanot all the eulogium

On reading that the Pacha of Egypt had sent too well placed for us to break the spring of which is due to his zeal and intelligence, are several sacks of ears to Constantinople, as ait, since your uncle will not believe that it is of opinion, that the service which his inge- proof of his victory over the Wechabites. laid. There is now," continued he, but nious improvement on the violin has ren O'er Wechabites the Pacha's fame

one thing for it, and that is, that I go toʻ dered to the art of music, entitles him to the

A wondrous trophy rears :

him myself. My own company is so atfavour of the Academy; and they recom

Tongues other conquerors proclaim; tached to me, I am convinced I can permend you to be pleased to confer on him

His deeds are told by Eurs !

suade them to join in the cause of the pasome evident mark of your approval, which A paradox is his campaign:

triots. They are all Tyrolese, and, as such. may serve at once to manifest your justice

No town does he attack,

know how sacred a thing is liberty, and how and your wish to encourage those labours

Yet his foes' capitals are ta’en,

great a villain the man is who wrested it which are calculated to extend the circle of

And all given up to sack !


from them, and is endeavouring to tear it the Fine Arts.

from the Spaniards." “ May God bless you !" Signed, Gossce, Cherubini, Catel, Lesueur, Charles, De Prony, Berton, Reporter.


said my lady, as she threw herself upon his

neck in tears. The Colonel took out his The Academy approves of the report, and adopts the conclusions.

CAMBRIDGE, Aug. 28, 1817.—The Rev. haudkerchief to wipe them away, but could Certified conformably to the original.

T. Stoddart, B. A. of Clare Hall, was last not see them for his own-thus, without a QUATREMERE DE QUINCY,

week elected a Foundation Fellow of that word they stood, and I believe, in innoSociety.

cence, tasted the most refined pleasures of Perpetual Secretary. Yesterday, the Principal and Professors friendship. “I will go and prepare for my M. Berton a second time read the report of the College of Glasgow, unanimously departure,” said he, collecting himself, Chanot. M. Boucher, the celebrated Violin London, Lecturer in Chemistry in the Uni- Diego to accompany, me, that I may send Professor, performed various pieces on the versity.-Glasgow, Sept. 6.

him on before occasionally; in the mean violins of Staduarius and M. Chanot; and

time," continued he, drawing, a paper by this comparison the Academy was convioced of the justice and truth of the report


from his sleeve, “here is the little trans

lation I promised to you; you can read of its committee, which was put to the vote


it when you have nothing better to do.” My and adopted.


lady took it from him with marked comThe President expressed to M. Chanot the After dinner, my lady came to her plaisance and put it in her bosonı; the Cosatisfaction of the Academy, and thanked Siesta. She was very thoughtful, and spar- lonel then observed there was no time to be M. Boucher in the name of all the members ing of her conversation. I attributed this lost, and that to arrive soon enough to prepresent. QUATREMERE DE Quincy. to the departure of the French, or rather of vent the snare, he proposed setting off at 10

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o'clock that night, with seventy of his de- who turning round to me, as Don Antonio claimed she, “ we should soon root him tachment, who had attached themselves to drank his health, said, "Farewell, Duenna;"fout, even if he had fourteen crowns and his person, so that he begged a letter might then taking a gold 'ring from his finger, twenty horns, and every crown and every be ready at that time, for the Spanish Ge- which he gave to me, he embraced Don horn was marked Napoleon.".

46 Heaperal her uncle. My lady took him by the Antonio, and took his leave. “Where is ven save us, my lady!" said I, crossing hand, with more pleasure in her counte- Donna Aminta," said her husband to me, myself. Í always have the horrors nance than I ever saw before in that of any as soon as the Colonel had gone down stairs. when one speaks of the devil.”

Come, one, and walked down stairs with him, con “In her chamber," I replied; “ where should come, Duenna," said she, “ let us talk no tinuing all the way to hold his hand,-a she be?” “I should like to see her then," more of hini. Come away and help me to piece of impudence I should not have continued he," for there is no knowing gather some laurel and a few roses, that tothought her capable of. Said I to myself, as what schemes there may be against me. morrow I may have a garland ready for they passed iny hiding hole, if you meet “ Oh," said I, “ if you suspect any thing,

“ For whom, my lady?” said I at Don Antonio now, what a precious explosion come along with me." I now walked as once. “ For a friend of ours, for a friend we shall have. Ilowever they encountered slowly as possible towards my lady's room, of our country.” “ The French Colonel, my no one, and she returned in high spirits. so that he lost all patience before we arrived life on it!" exclaimed 1. “Not a word, About 10 o'clock Don Antonio came home, there ; which was just what pleased me. We Brigida,” said she. “But in one thing you and found my lady and myself in the saloon; found my lady sitting in the dark, but the have been mistaken. He is not a Frenchshe had been writing, but was now playing candle which I carried in my hand showed man, but a Tyrolese, forced into Napoleon's and singing

She had very handsomely her to be much engaged in thought. When service, and hating its crimes." " Oh, I told me all I knew before, but there was Don Antonio found she was there, he apo. am so glad !" said I, “ now I understand the still a strangeness in the matter, the drift logized by saying he only wished to know mystery of your loves.”, “No, Brigida,” of which I could not understand. “Well, where she would desire to sup. “I am not she replied, “ do not mislead yourself. II my dear,” said Don Antonio, " it gives me very well,” said she, “Duenna, I would were inclined to love him I dare not, my great pleasure to see you join in the general like to go to bed.” He left us, and my lady heart will never admit an unbecoming sentisensation of the day, for I was afraid that proceeded to undress, and hurried herself to ment.”. “ But you looked at him as if yout the departure of our guest might not be al- rest—but never could I imagine her reasons could love him,” said I. “ Perhaps I did, together agreeable to you." "lle told me,” for it, unless it was to get rid of me; and Brigida; but you make no distinction bereplied my lady," that he would go at 10 to. God knows there was no occasion for that, tween the action and the person. It is abunnight; I shall be glad when he is gone," as I was already in the secret: however, I dantly easy to abhor an action, and yet to love continued she;" but I am not uneasy-for I kissed her hand, and retired to bed also. In the person guilty of it. I own it to be my ain sure he will keep his word.” “ It is just the morning she called me to matins, which case with Don Antonio. Now if I can se10 now,” said Don Antonio. “And there was the reverse of our custom. She looked parate Don Antonio and his conduct, why he is,” returned she, seeing him enter the as if she had slept little, although she went not Monsieur Walstein and his?” door.

“Welcome, Colonel,” said Don An- to bed early. “'It is late, Duenna," said are perhaps right, my child,” observed I; tonio. “ I have only come to take leave,” he she, “ although it be dark; the day is but remember what you yourself said to replied; “ I am just going.” “Nay, you shall gloomy." I arose immediately, and certainly the Colonel about the danger of tempting not go before supper,” said Don Antonio. we were in the church before any body. I love in any shape. “ Depend upon it, ". I cannot stay one moment,” rejoined the felt the morning very cold, and was very Duenna," she replied, “ it is a mistake to Colonel. “You must stay supper,” repeated gland when we returned home to our choco- say that love overcomes all things, or that Don Antonio, embracing him. " Excuse me, late; I took mine with great pleasure, but he is the tyrant of our liberty. To attribute my dear friend,” rejoined the Colonel, “ i my lady turned her cup round and round, all to fate and necessity, is but the weak cannot delay.” “ Let him go," said my and stirred it twenty times, and then after stratagem of lovers to excuse their own lady, “ perhaps he cannot stay." “How do dipping the toast, she left it there, and set faults.” “ I cannot argue with you, my you know any thing about it," replied her down the cup. I do not care for it, dear,” said I; “but pray keep in mind the husband angrily.

“There it is, Colonel ! Brigida,” said she; “ tell Senor Juan I wish fable of the moth and the taper." She made now that you are going away, you may see to speak to him." 'I obeyed; and in about no reply, but smiled; then taking a paper really who are your friends among us." a quarter of an hour, Senor Juan made his from her bosom, she said, “ Neither you “ Then,” rejoined my lady, “as you are so appearance. I kiss your Excellency's nor Armida's bird shall have any influence very kind, let us see you produce some of hand,” said he,“ pray command me." over my sentiments." “ Pray, my lady, what your liqueur de Barbade, and drink to the “ Have the goodness, then,” she replied, “ to says Armida's bird to the question ". She Colonel's good health before he goes." go through the town inquiring for all sorts read it as translated by the Colonel. “Well, I will,” said Don Antonio, and im- of public news from Biscay.”

« I will do it “ Well,” said she, “it is very pretty,” as mediately went out of the saloon into the willingly," said he, and withdrew. “ Now, she finished it, and folded the

paper. study, where he kept this precious stuff Brigida," said my lady, “ we will go to our

“ And now let us go to gather the roses locked up. The instant he turned his back, country garden, and there pass the day; I and laurels; but I will mix no myrtle with my lady drew a letter from her bosom, which will take my guitar, and you your spindle' my garland I assure you. Would to heaven she bad written in the early part of the that we may amuse ourselves if we can.', that I could in reality entwine it with the evening, and put it into the Colonel's hand." That is well put in,” said 1. The sun olive !" I do not know how I could have They seemed to have forgotten that I was in came out as we left the house, which made made the mistake, but so it was, that I the room, for he kissed ihe hand that gave our walk extremely pleasant, for the morn. plucked cypress instead of laurel. She took it to him, saying, “ We will meet again I ing had been dark and lowering, with a cold it from me, then looking wistfully on me, trust, under more propitious circumstances.” east wind. It was 9 o'clock when we en dropped it on the ground, and burst into “ May it please God," she replied, “ to crown tered the garden, where we amused ourselves tears." Blessed saints !” said I, my lady, our wishes!” They now looked at each other, counting the bunches on a muscadine vine what is the matter?” “ Nothing, nothing," as if they wished to say, or do something during the greater part of the forenoon, said she, recovering herself; a sudden which they did not dare; but they neither - This is endless work," said my lady; “ I thought occurred that had almost oversaid, nor did any thing, but continued to have no genius for counting truly, come." powered me, but it was too like a foolish hold each others hands, looking I cannot Now, I counted the bunches over and over superstition. I will think ne more of it. tell how., “ Farewell,” said my lady, burst- again patiently, while my lady walked up But we must gather some of this laurel,"coning from him; he struck his hand upon his and down the gravel before me. “ How tinued she, going to a shrub, and without forehead as she fed, and sunk upon the many do you think there are ?" said I. "Per- looking at it pulling the leaves. I was surchair that stood near him. In a few minutes haps 666," said my lady. “No, indeed," prised." What would you do with that, my Don Antonio returned with a Aask, but he replied I," the good vine is not the beast in lady? .it is aconite."

“ You know nothing solicited the Colonel in vain to taste of it, the Apocalypse." “I wish it were," ex-about these things, I see,” said she, rather



« Come along, we will go My lady raised herself on one hand, and dreadful noise in the streets. I endeavoured home.”

with the other seemed to brush away some- to collect myself, and ran from room to We arrived just time enough for dinner. thing that floated in the air before her eyes. room to find my unfortunate lady. A great But my lady sat at table, like the statue Rosina and I helped her to the bed-side. light in the street, and the sound of a vast of thought feeding, upon itself. Once or But she would not lie down, continuing to tumult drew me to the balcony. I saw the twice she attempted to eat something, but look wildly round until her eyes fell on Colonel, lying in a cart, almost lifeless, and seemed to forget that she had put it to her Diego; when seeming to collect herself, she bloody, with his hands tied behind him. lips. Don Antonio took his cigar, and my said, "Where is the letter I saw just now, He was in the midst of soldiers, horse and lady and I retired to her room. “ I shall Diego?” Diego stood like a statue, and knew foot. I thought that the lady Aminta might not lie down,” said she, on entering it, “ for nothing; but put it into her hand. She read have seen the same sight, and that it had I cannot rest. But Brigida, bring me my it over and over again; every now and then driven her to despair. I looked among the father's and mother's hair from the ward- putting her hand to and from her eyes, as if crowd for her, but to no purpose. There robe, that I may employ myself in plaiting to sweep away soniething that interrupted was not a soul in the house. So finding it.” “ Dear my lady,” observed I, “ what the sight. Ai last, “Oh Diego!" she ex- myself unable to remain a moment longer in puts such a fancy into your head, as to think claimed wildly, “ tell me when he died.” suspense, I ran out of doors, and made my of plailing dead people's hair? Rosina can. No one is dead, my lady,” said he, scarcely way immediately towards the square. Seedo it at any time, and there is no chance of intelligibly; " but,” and he paused and grew ing that I could not get through the crowd making her melancholy." “I am rather paler still; “ but,--they are bringing the Co- when I reached it, I went round to the Pounhappy, Duenna, though I do not know lonel,-tied with ropes, to Ordunna, where, sada, where I might overlook it from the balwhy; and I think looking at my father's and they say, he is to be shot this night.” “ Mer-cony. The door was not to be passed for the moiher's hair may comfort me.

.” “ If so, my ciful God!” she uttered in a low tone, fixing press of people. They were carrying in the lady, it shall be done;" and so saying, I her eyes above; “ and my uncle?"-" I saw Colonel's dead body. I now knew the meanbrought it out. “Now, Brigida, send for bim last, my lady, when he gave me this ing of the musketry I had heard as I was Rosina, to settle my own hair, while I em-letter. He was then lying on the large table getting towards the square. I forced my way ploy myself with this.” I called Rosina, in the Posada at Vittoria. He also gave me up after the body, into the great room. The who set about her work, but after she had his purse: there it is,” continued Diego, moment they set it down, I discovered my taken out the braids, and let the hair fall, throwing it on the floor," and he said to me, lady coming towards it. She did not start she was desired to leave it, and help to ar- God bless you Diego, you are the son of an at the sight, but sat down by its side withrange the long tresses of the dead. By my honest man."

out emotion; then lifting its eyelids with assistance, they were soon set in order, and The Saints deliver me, I did not know her fingers; “ Do not you know me!" she looked, what they were, the true and plain what to make of all this, but I plainly saw sighed. “ You used not to look at me thus !!! proofs of Iberian blood. My lady fasiened there was sorrow enough in it. Poor Ro- Then pausing, and casting her eyes up and them together, and hung them thus round sina hung upon the lady Aminta's arm, and down the body, “Ah!" said she, shaking her own neck. She stood up to admire their wept aloud. Diego did not move, but my lady her head," I see it has rained blood in length; and indeed it was admirable, for looking strangely on him, took him by the Spain this day. On this she arose suddenly, they hung, down to her feet, like a sable neck, and kissed his forehead. Heaven deliver and taking him by the hand, “ Come with tippet, such as you may have seen worn by me, but I wondered at her; but when she me, Walstein; I have laurels for you. Buxsome beautiful maiden of England or Russia. turned round to me, and told me that I had eda sent them by Diego.” Then kneeling, As she stood, her figure engaged me much, married Godoi, and was a traitor, I trem- she took her uncle's letter, and tearing it but her countenance still more; I would bled; for I saw that her wits were gone. Ro-into little stripes, stuck it in his hair, with have given the world to know what thoughts sina tried 10 soothe ber; “ Do not you know a few green sprigs which she had kept in passed in her mind, as she gazed upon the your own Duenna, my dear lady?" said she. her hand. « And here are roses for you," as dark tresses of her parents, but whatever they But so strange were iny lady's looks, that she pulled off the leaves of a rose, and threw were, her soul seemed entirely occupied, it Rosina trembled too. I took her hand, and them on his cheek. “ But they will fade was perhaps filled with a presentiment of ent upon my knees. She raised me up, too; I will go and bring you lilies. Stop what was so soon to come.

with a softened countenance, saying, “Come, then," wept she, “ stop, and do not move The door of the chamber opened. I thought let us go look for him.” She was leading until I come again.”. it was accident, and went to shut it. To my me to the door, when I entreated her to stop “Alas! poor lady,” continued the Duenna, astonishment I saw Diego, pale and covered a little; she seemed persuaded, and turned oppressed by the fate of her friend, her with dust; he looked like a ghost escaped towards the toilette, wreathing the hair that relation, and her country, her sole delight is from a charpel house. “What ails you,” still hung from her neck, round and round now to wander about the roads and gardens, cried I. He spoke not a word, hut opened his her arms. Catching up some of the flowers singing broken songs, and gathering shrubs mouth as if exhausted. “Who is it?" said my and shrubs that we had brought in with us, and flowers. I attend close to her in all ber Jady: -“ Diego," said I," and the picture of " Here," turned she to Rosina, giving her a walks, and have succeeded this morning in death, Senora.” She few to the door, and rose, put that in your bosom, and wrap persuading her to come in and rest herself. catching him by the arm, looked him eagerly patience round the thorn. We will go now, For my part, I think it was Heaven's in the face, and shook her head. It is all my mother,” she repeated, touching my face mercy that deprived her of her wits. There over then?" He made no answer, but with with some sprigs of the laurel which she she lies," said the Duenna, pointing to an a trembling, hand drew a paper from his had held in her hand; then suddenly start-inner room, “ there she lies, poor thing, fast breast; she looked at it for a moment, anding, she threw them down, exclaiming, “No! asleep, and may her sleep be refreshing ; for then dropt it from her hand, exclaiming, I will have none of you. My mother told me she was the sweetest lady that ever eyes “Oh my God!" She sunk upon the floor. in a dream last night, that you were aconite." looked at upon Spanish ground.” While Rosina ran for water, I knowing that God save you, my lady,"interrupted I ;“ it it was no time for ceremony, picked up the is night-pray, and go to bed.”—“ I am not paper; it was thus:dead yet," said she, “ why bury me? I ain

ANECDOTES My dear child, farewell. Before this going to a wedding. Will you go too? If reaches you, I shall be no more. My wounds not, stay here, and I will send for you.”— are mortal, but that concerns me little. Your“ Providence keep us all in our senses," friend is wounded, and taken. He was, alas, thought I; then looking at her, oppressed by We cannot insert these anecdotes so intuo late. Your information was true. But it such a thought, I was overcome, and fell into dicative of the character of the country, is now finished. The day is lost, and with violent hysterics.

which thus paints depravity, without an it, perhaps the freedom of our country. Vive What happened for some time, I know observation on the rank prostitution of lanFernando. Farewell, Farewell, my child." not, but when I recovered, I found myself guage in which they are related. The abuse

Vittoria, Nov. 7, 1808. BUXEDA. in bed, and alone. There seemed to be a of words is even more dangerous in the



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