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Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Politics, &c.



SATURDAY, SEPT. 6, 1817.


ORIGINAL AND INTERESTING Captain Tuckey's towing-net. In opposi The country is entirely covered with NARRATIVE.

tion to the opinions advanced by the wood, and, rising in the back ground, preVOYAGE TO THE CONGO.

French writers on natural history, the sents an aspect of greater variety and CHAPTER THE FOURTH.

nautili proved to be of the octopi. The productiveness than is common on the Slow progress of the Expedition.-drawings made of them will be received African coast. Paper nautili caught alive.--Whales, with some interest by the curious. Float While here, many of the fish were and danger from their motions.Stout ing trees and reeds, which were met with taken, called by the sailors the sea bream slave-trader seen.Mayumba Cape and forty leagues from land, confirmed the and light horseman. The last-mentioned Bay; the appearance of the country, &c. observations previously made on the fish has received this appellation on ac

- Marine productions ; sea bream and strength and direction of the current count of a small protuberance, of a redlight horsemen.-Cold weather near the wbich has been mentioned.

dish colour, on the back of the head, Line.-The coast and nautical observa Whales are here very numerous. On which is said to resemble a helmet. tions as they proceed to the South. the day they made land,a whale with great Though not a very delicious fish, it was Arrive off Loango.--The latitude of the bumps behind his fins, struck the rudder preferred, by the crews of both vessels, Bay corrected. The sea with the


of the transport with his tail, as he rose to the albicore, to which it is certainly pearance of blood.--Toad-fish and eels to the surface of the sea. Another came superior, and of which by this time they taken.-Anchor of Malemba Point.-up immediately under the Congo, and were completely surfeited. The cold First visit of the natives.-The Mafooka almost lifted the vessel out of the water. now increased, the thermometer never of Malemba and his suite.--Abuse of the After leaving Porto Prayo, up to the being higher than 73, and sometimes European potentates, by this great man, 18th the Dorothy and Congo continued falling in the night as low as 67 ; but the for abolishing the slave trade ? - Notices their voyage without meeting with a sin- weather, though hazy, was no longer so of that inhuman traffic.- Description of gle vessel. At length, on that day, they damp as it had been. The current with The Mafooka and his companions ; their perceived a ship, which, from her supe- wbich they had had to contend, was dresses and ornaments.—-Fetishes; their rior sailing and her general appearance

, found to diminish as the moon approachextraordinary appearance ; their disputes was at first taken for a ship of war. On ed the full, and a favourable breeze at with the natives of Cabenda.--Incite-coming nearer, she hoisted English mer


sprung up, on the 24th, which carments held out to the voyagers.-General chant colours, but kept at too great a ried them along in shore till the approach description of the people.

distance to windward to be hailed, and of night. They then anchored in 16 faCaptain Tuckey anxiously endeavour- seemed to have no wish to be spoken to. thom water. The few observations they ed to take every advantage of the varia- She had eighteen guns run out from her were here enabled to make, were of little tions in the wind, but the result of all bis port between decks.

importance. To 3. 50. South of Maytoil and care, owing to the unsteadiness It was plain she was working along umba, the land wears a pleasant appearof the breeze and the current fifteen miles shore to the South, and no doubt was ance, rising in a series of gentle elevadaily to North or N.N.E., was by no entertained of her being engaged in the tions, which gradually recede from the means satisfactory, as he could not per- slave trade, which she seemed to be pre-sea. These, as round the Bay, are for ceive that he gained any ground. He in pared to carry on by force.

the most part covered with wood. Here consequence determined again to stand The land and sea breezes now became and there a few barren spots seemed to out to sea, hoping to escape the cur- more regular than they had previously mark where fires had been recently made. rent, and to meet with fresher breezes. been. The land breeze commonly set in The surf which breaks on the sandy This experiment was not more success from N. E. to S. E., at 4 A.M., and the sea beach is so strong, that to approach the ful than the former-in both instances breeze usually answered it, blowing from shore in a boat is almost impossible, save he was completely disappointed—the the S. W. from 2 till 4 in the afternoon. under the shelter of some projecting wind remaining the same, and the cur- Both, however, were so light, that the point. rent running in a Westerly direction much vessels could seldom make a run of ten The soundings here were found very stronger than in shore, as it now ran at miles, and till the 24th they remained in regular, varying barely a fathom in a the rate of nearly forty miles in the day. sight of Mayumba Bay.

mile, as they retired from the shore. A fortnight was thus consumed. No fish North of the Bay, the appearance Six miles from land the depth was six were here caught, and a single swallow of the land is undulating and uneven. fathoms, the bottom was most frequently was the only bird seen. A variety of --Cape Mayumba forms the highest sandy, but interspersed with pieces of marine animals were, however, taken ; point, and, as well as Point Matooly, coral and yellow ochre, pebbles, and and among these, many paper pautili (Ar- presents a small hummock to the view, shells

. The colour of the sand varies gonauta Sulcata) with the living animals. gradually declining to the South into from black to brown, and from brown to These creatures, it has been asserted by low, even land. On shore many fires white. Their advance, it was found, naturalists, could never be taken, as, were observed, which it was conjectured must depend wholly on the sea breezes, taught by instinct, they always abandon- might be made with a view of inviting as the land winds did not blow suttied the shell in danger. They may be the adventurers to land. Of this sup- ciently strong to be of any importance. endowed with a superior sense of danger, posed friendly intimation they had at When the moon had passed the full, the but all their reputed sagacity was of no that time no opportunity of availing adverse current was found to run stronger avail when opposed to the powers of themselves.

than ever. They were, by an observa

tion, on the 28th, in latitude 4. 30. S. which caused the water to assume this pose. The correctness of this informThe country now appeared more hilly singular appearance, and the bottom was ation they had no reason to doubt, as and picturesque than it had previously perfectly smooth. Two toad fish (diodon) while the expedition remained there an done, but a greater number of vacant and several eels were here taken. One European boat was seen sailing between spots of ground were visible on its sur- of the eels was 4 feet 10 inches long, and the two ports. From the description face. These patches were now regarded measured 7 inches round the lower part given of the vessel under Spanish colours, as indications of barreuness, and the soil of the belly. They anchored in the the Captain was satisfied it was the same in these places was a reddish sort of clay. evening of the 30th off Malemba Point, that he had seen on the 18th, in the Gulf Hills of ihis clay, of considerable magni- in 15 fathom water.

of Guinea. tude, were seen to the north of Loango On the 1st of July the Captain re

The Mafooka and his friends now on Bay; opposite to which, at the distance ceived, most unexpectedly, a visit from board, exhibited a most singular appearof eight miles from the shore, the vessels the Mafooka, or King's chief merchant of ance. Their dresses presented a precast anchor in 16 fathom mud.

Malemba, accompanied by several ne- posterous mixture of African costume On the afternoon of the 29th, when groes of quality, and ten or twelve and European frippery. The great man the sea breeze sprung up, they again got attendants. They came in an European bimself wore a superfine red waistcoat; under weigh; but the wind soon failing, four-oared boat, and two canoes. One bis secretary was adorned with the scarlet they found themselves carried towards of these canoes came first to announce, coat of a general, the effect of wbich, in the land by the current, and in conse-in due form, the approach of the Ma- contrast with his sable skin, (for his carquence again let go the anchor in twelve fooka, and the officer entrusted with this case was encumbered with no other fathom water ; but before the transport important mission, thought this the pro- garment,) can be better conceived than brought up, she was discovered to be in per opportunity for introducing himself. described ; and a third made a similar eight fathom water, and on a reef of He accordingly lost no time in telling the display of splendour, being attired in a rocks. Over these the current ran to English that he was “ a gentleman;" and cloak, which was also red, and edged the N.N. E. at the rate of two knots an to put this beyond all doubt, be added with gold lace. The other habiliments hour; Indian Point at this time bearing his vame was “ Tom Liverpool.” When in use among them, were a piece of cotton S. E. The wind freshened shortly after, the Mafooka came on board the trans- cloth thrown round the waist, and a small and cutting the cable, and leaving the port, he seemed disposed to proceed to apron made of the skin of a wild cat. stream anchor behind, Captain Tuckey business without loss of time, and accord- This was ascertained to be a mark of made sail, and passing over the rocky ingly his first inquiry was directed to distinction or gentility, avd was not perbottom, at length came again to a bot- ascertain if the Captain wanted slaves. mitted to be worn by the lower classes. tom of mud and twelve fathom water. It was not an easy matter to convince Necklaces of beads, rings formed of the. The reef of rocks over which he passed, him that such was not the object of the bristles of the elephant's tail, which they lies seven miles from the shore, in about expedition. With much difficulty his called by the name of Morpi, and which 4. 30. South latitude. They sounded incredulity was at last vanquished, and were multiplied as the wearer desired to three cables' length between the rocks he was niade to comprehend what were be more or less fashionable, were the and the shore, and found seven fathoms really the causes of bis seeing the Congo ornaments worn round the neck. Rings and a half water. It was supposed the and Dorothy. He was more surprised of copper or iron adorned their ancles same depth would be found almost close than delighted at the intelligence thus and wrists, and were fastened on in such into the shore, as several whales were seen imparted; and when told that the Portu- a manner that they could not be taken playing about; and these, it is known, guese nation was the only one

Some of the copper ones were will not go into very shallow water. The permitted to trade in slaves, he proceeded ornamented with raised figures, which latitude of Loango Bay was found to be without further ceremony to rail at the were tolerably executed. The necklaces 4. 39. S. In the maps it has erroneously Kings of Europe, for whose authority and worn by some of the young men were so been set down at 4. 37. The land is very policy he expressed much contempt. He numerous, that they could with difficulty correctly indicated in the chart published added, he now found himself, in conse- move their heads. Those who were by Laurie and Whittle, and especially quence of their interference, so encum- advanced in years, or of sedate habits, near Indian Point, which is not unlike bered with prisoners, that he knew not sported but one or two. They were all the Bill of Portland, but upon a greater what to do with them, and would be con- loaded with fetishes the most various and scale. It shows reddish sand of moderate tent to sell the lot a bargain—even for extravagant that can be imagined. These elevation, with ravines, which have the half of their value. Within the last five were formed of rags, wood, stoves, shells, appearance of chalky cliffs discoloured years be stated but one vessel to have horns, glass, &c.; but a inonkey's bone by the weather. From Indian Point, the visited Malemba : that one he described was principally the object of religious land gradually deelines towards the to be a French ship, which had been veneration. The Mafooka's master-fetish South, and is wholly covered with wood; there about a year before the time at presented a most indecent representation and the cliffs just mentioned slope gen- which he was speaking. He said the of two men surrounded by the tips of tly to the low land at the bottom of the Portuguese slave dealers were forbidden goat's horvs, shells, and other trumpery Bay.

to trade to the North of Cabenda ; near articles, and thrown over the shoulder, The mud and red clay at the bottom which place, however, there were nine appended to a snake-skin belt. It was here gives the water, or seems to give it, vessels bearing the colours of their na- remarked, that these sculptured figures a red tinge. It has the appearance of tion, and one Spanish ship. In conse on the fetish bad Egyptian faces, the nose having been thus coloured by blood, quence of the prohibition of which he being acquiline, and the forehead high, and the illusion could not be detected till complained, the ships of Portugal no instead of negro countenances, which on putting some of the water into a glass longer visited his country to purchase might have been expected. This cirit was found of the usual colour. No slaves ; but he admitted they sometimes cumstance excited much surprise. On sand was mixed with the mud and clay, sent boats from Cabeyda for that pur. their heads the Mafooka and his friends

now off,

wore a striped worsted cap, or a substi- comprehend how two ships were to be usual miscellanies of a Magazine, are the tute of their own invention, and of work- commanded by one individual, and re- objects, to the fulfilment of which the manship at once curious and peculiar to newed their solicitations. Though often proprietors pledge themselves, with the themselves. The Mafooka having offered assured that he had no wish to procure addition of "illustrations of the manners, to procure a supply of fresh provisions, slaves, it was evident, while they affected history, and antiquities of Scotland, from the Captain considering be must anchor at last to be convinced of the truth of the mines yet unexhausted or unexplored.” in the evening at no great distance from assertion, that they still remained incre. In our opinion there cannot be too the place where he then was, accepted dulous, and believed this story to have many works of this kind. Those which the offer. The boats in which the party been told for some sinister purpose. The do not keep the word of promise even to had come were sent on shore for this injustice of abolishing the slave trade the ear, are always very ephemeral,purpose, but the Mafooka, with eight of they attempted to demonstrate, by pathe though light as nothing, they speedily his people, preferred remaining on board. tically enquiring how they were to procure sink under their own weight; and those Doing this they were in hopes of being clothes, beads, and brandy, if the Euro-only which are worthy of public support well regaled with brandy, and were not peans would not purchase their prisoners, obtain and maintain a distinguished stadisappointed. On the failure of the sea as they had nothing else to sell ? Of tion among the periodical productions, breeze the ships were obliged to bring to, course the answers given were not exactly which are estimable not merely for off Cabenda, from which place another what they could have wished, and they amusing the passing hour, but for rescuboat full of natives--all calling them took their departure, but indifferently ing much of value from oblivion, exciting selves gentlemen—put off the next morn- pleased. From the information gained much of talent to the field of literature, ing, but the Captain having had visitors from them, it appears that their country and preserving much, both of the past enough already, declined receiving them produces much copper. Of the manners and present, in a form as convenient and on board. The Malemba guests, as the and habits of these people, some ilea agreeable as it is appropriate and lasting. provisions sent for had not yet made may be formed from what has already Indeed we scarcely know a banquet more their appearance, were sent off by this been said. Those who were suffered to entertaining than the perusal of good old conveyance, but much against their will, remain on board the transport, were at works of this description, except that as they wished to remain in the transport, night deposited on a sail between decks, which the interest of the times adds to and were not on good terms with their where they slept all huddled together. their publication when they first issue neighbours of Cabenda. Much noise At day-break they quitted the arms of from the press. and clamour arose between them, each Somnus for the more refined enjoyments We are well-pleased therefore to see party calling the other "dd black of brandy and tobacco.

so spirited a renovation of an old favourascals ;" a phrase for which they were With the exception of the covering for rite as this Number brings before us. certainly indebted to their English visi- the head, they displayed nothing very Among its leading contents are a curious tors, but no blows were struck, and the creditable to their skill as artisans. Their article on the introduction and use of boat being now quite full, slowly made canoes were made out of a single tree. torture in Scotland, with a neat etching for the shore. They remained in sight Each was worked by fine long paddles, of a person suffering under the instrutill night-fall, when they had still two- the meu standing up while thus em- ment called the Thumbikens,—an orithirds of their passage to accomplish, ployed.

ginal letter of David Hume's, which we which in all probability did not terminate

(To be continued.)

could match by fifty in our possession, before midnight.

-a view of the manners of Scotland dur. It may not be improper to mention that

REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS. ing the last century,—some account of the boat sent from the transport to procure

Paul Jones,--Geology of the Calton Hill, provisions, before those in it proceeded The EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND and some very acute observations on to execute the commission with which LITERARY MISCELLANY; A New facts in Natural History,---a long abstract they were charged, made the best of its Series, August, 1817, price 2s. Pub- about Steam Boats, and similar essays on way to the Congo. Here they were lished Monthly.

the Poor Laws, and on the Commerce of received on board, and made the same The well-known“ Scots Magazine,” the Country--a story of a Polish ambasdisplay of their fetishes, &c. as they had which was begun in 1739, has thought sador and Queen Elizabeth, not so novel previously done in the Dorothy. They fit to act the Phænix, and commence a as the Editor has supposed,-a notice of pressed Lieut. Hawkey to run in for renovated career under the above title; the abuse of terms in Writing, which we Malemba, where they assured him slaves and as the first Number of the New Se- subjoin as a specimen, hoping that the might be had in abundance and cheap; ries, which we have just received, seems author will follow up and enlarge upon a and where, according to their report, a worthy of the character of its parent, we subject so copious and amusing,—and a perfect paradise was to be found. Their have pleasure in adding our tribute to the short paper entitled "Border Sketches," fields were described to be luxuriantly offerings in commendation of an able which surmises that the picture of Tullyproductive, their cattle and poultry plen- contemporary. The design embraces se- Veolan in Waverly was drawn from tňe tiful and excellent, and their women- veral of our own features, “ to form a old mansion of Traquair, and thus fixes (they laid great stress on the superiority repository for the short and occasional the local near Mr. Walter Scott:--these of this article of commerce)—they de- productions of men of genius,—to record fill up the head of " Original Communiscribed to be the most beautiful that the remarkable occurrences of the Re-cations.” The reviewing department is could be found all along the coast. On public of Letters, including an obituary not prominent, and is limited to subjects its being intimated to them that he (Lieut. of its eminent characters,—to illustrate more peculiarly Scottish. The poetry is Hawkey) could not comply with their the progress and present state of the fine, also rather fanciful than of general inrequest without the sanction of the as well as of the useful arts, -and to pre- terest, though there is, (mirabile dictu !) Captain, whom they had just left, much serve a faithful journal of foreign and a love poem by Tom Paine, vouched as .surprise was expressed. They could not domestic occurrences ;”--these, and the genuine by Tom Holcroft!!


ON THE PROPER USE OF TERMS IN WRITING. 1 is another phrase in very common use among I should be sorry, indeed, if, in addition to

Mr. Editor,—The use of appropriate terms our geographical writers; whereas the fact those acquirements which I hope will be to convey information with effect, or to de- is, that the said ridges, luckily for the sta- permanent, one should be added, which, on scribe objects with accuracy, is one of the bility of the earth's surface, continue, and your return home, you will find it necessary first beauties in written composition; and I have continued since the creation, in their to unlearn. I believe you will not be appretrust I shall have your indulgence, and that accustomed places. Knowing of no good hensive of my passing to the other extrcare. of the readers of the Edinburgh Magazine, reason, either moral, political, or orthogra A becoming, subordinate attention to while I point out one or two incongruities phical, for using these inisapplied metapho-dress, is, I think, forbidden neither by reawhich are to be met with in the works of rical terms, may I beg to suggest, that au son nos scripture. Even some things that many respectable authors.

thors ought to employ words which, in their are merely ornamental, furnish employment No expression in descriptive writing is ineaning, include the imnuoveability of these to thousands of industrious families, and more frequent, than that such or such a lake fixtures of nature. I know not, Sir, what for those who can really afford it, to encourage is a “ beautiful sheet of water;"—and yet no you may think on this subject; but it is cer- them is a far more effectual support to the term is more indefinite or worse understood tainly a serious thing to unsettle all our no- poor than indiscriminate alms-giving. I am than this. To a stranger to the object de- tions of gravity, by making mountains rise decidedly of Mrs. W.'s opinion, that there scribed, it may imply an extent of water fifty or ascend in majesty, and even pierce the are those who, while they affect great strictmiles in diameter; while perhaps to another, very clouds which dim them to our sight. ness in dress, foster as much pride as others, it does not suggest a space larger than a In the foregoing remarks I refer only to wbo pay the most regard to it. But I would mill-pond. It is evident that, unless the au- works which treat of matters of fact,- not endeavour to confirm your views of the thor who uses a term so undefined, specifies to works of fiction. I have no desire to curb subject, by exposing some of the evils to the actual length and breadth of the water the genius of our poets, by taking one word which a passion for dress would lead you. he describes, no person can form the slight- out of their vocabulary. Let the roaring of An evil it is of no small magnitude, when it est idea of the dimensions of this said sheet the sea in a tempest, or the soft murmur of tempts us to pass the bounds of our pecuof water. As an improvement on the ex. its almost quiescent waves in a calmı, be niary resources, or even barely to keep pression, I take the liberty to suggest a plan granted to those who would personify a within them; in which case, while we are by which such indefinite description may be poker, or apostrophize a coffee-pot. And so amply providing for the industrious poor, avoided, without changing the word now in rivers may glide, rush, and hasten with fear- we may be imperceptibly descending to the general use. I would term all the largest ful velocity,--bend, twist, and stretch ;-or, same level. It is really painful to observe lakes or expanses of water, say, for instance, if they please, steal gently alung, and kiss the the expensive habits of some families, in not less than fifty miles in length and ten is wild-Howers which overhang their banks, in this respect, who might support their prebreadth, a sheet of water;--those of less di- peace, and without molestation from me;- tensions to gentility much better by a plainer mensions, or twenty-five miles in length and provided it be always understood, that these appearance. The gratification of being the five in breadth, a half sheet ;-those of phrases are merely figures or fictions of first in a new fashion is purchased at whatsmaller size a quarter sheet;--and lakes still speech, and convey nothing which can dis- ever price; and as, when it becomes general, smaller than these may be distinguished by turb our belief of the earth's stability, or it loses its charm, there can be comparativethe terms octavo pages of water, duodecimo shake our faith in the received ideas which ly but a few able to attain this distinction, pages, &c.-till the most insignificant pond divide animated from inanimate matter. an honor for which such anxiety and exshould have a distinctive name, that should

I am, Sir, your's, &c.

pense are thought justifable. represent its relative size to the mind with Peter PanGLOSS, LL. D. F. R. & ASS. employment of that time and those talents, sufficient accuracy. To the public the intro

of which a solemn account will shortly be duction of this plan would be of essential ser

required. vice; and if it were once generally adopted, CORRESPONDENCE between a Mo This sad propensity, from the titled lady meaning of another. Few persons who read By MRS. TAYLOR and JANE'TAYLOR. in spite of all her exertions, discovers, to her no one could be at a loss to conceive the ther and her DAUGHTER at School. down to the kitchen-maid, maintains the

most destructive progression. The former, books are ignorant of the comparative sizes into which paper is folded; and if the ap12mo,

mortification, that she is presently overlaken pointed standard were to be fool's-cap, many This is a graceful little work. Its title by the class immediately beneath her; and respectable authors would find themselves acquaints us with its whole contents.

It they, in their turn, are obliged to advance at home. Another expression of unrestricted mean- and attractive compilation of the advice impelled by the lower: for were these to is a compact, and at the same time light by their neighbours in the rear. It is ub

vious, that the higher classes are eventually arm of the sea.” The writers who first used which manyan anxious mother has longed reinain stationary, so rapid a progression this term had certainly their reasons for to give her child, without the faculty to would become unnecessary, and vanity itself doing so. Perhaps they metaphorically sup-give it; and which no child could receive might enjoy a transient repose. One would posed the sea an animal; but if they took without being the better for its wisdoin. imagine, that the estate, the reputation, (we the idea from the human species, and gave The letters pursue no direct course, they will not say the soul, depended with many the name of arm to places relatively situated take the prominent subjects of education, Oh that half this anxiety were mapifester, ia the ocean, there is an incongruity in the school life, and youthful feelings, occa- that (in a different sense,)“ old things might analogy can reconcile either an arm or the sionally as they might occur in the inter- pass away, and all things become nei.” bottom of the sea to the corresponding parts course of two minds completely unfolded When we contemplate our various rela. in the “human form divine." Sometimes to each other. The usual frivolities of tions, what we owe to our fellow-creatures, we find the phrase, arm of the sea, put for a female correspondence are supplanted by to ourselves, and to God—is it not fearful other times a creek not extending so many loftier knowledge of morals and religion ornament of bodies, that inust so soon decay, navigable inlet 100 miles in length:-at interesting and original remarks, and the to reflect on the large portion of time, and yards is so denominated. If the sea is to is relieved by passing instruction in the and fall into ruin ?' * Where the treasure is, be, for it has more than a hundred arms in graceful duties of Society. Our limits there will the heart be also.” Scotland alone), why do not geographers lay do not allow of much quotation, but we down the position of its legs as well as its must give the observations on female

« A WORD IN SEASON MY arms or, if it has no legs, may it not have dress, in the 10th Letter from the Mo- BELOVED COUNTRY." Published by fins and a tail ? ther.

T. Boosey. pp. 11. A ridge or chain of mountains running It is well that your mind is so far fortified These patriotic lines have lain only a across, or traversing an island or a continent, agaiust that prevailing evil, the love of dress. few weeks on our table, and yet much of

What an







their prayer has been fulfilled in the till another opportunity for the valuable and Maniac. What may be the value of returning prosperity of the Country; and most important information contained in what you kill in the what was at the time of their publication his preface, of which we gave an account in

Cavalier. About fifteen or twenty supplicative, has become prophetic. - our 14th Number.

M. Fontani, Librarian at Florence, anStill, however, their delicacy, poetical nounces the publication

of inedited letters of

Maniac. And to what do the exmerit, and sound moral and political Poggio, in 2 or 3 volumes 8vo. He pro- penses of your dogs, your horses, your principles, recommend them to the peru- poses also to publish the Catalogue of the hawks, and your huntsmen amount? sal of all, and the especial consideration MSS. of the Riccardian Library: This cata Cavalier. To five hundred crowns at of those Britons, who are most prone to logue will form 3 or 4 volumes in folio. least. abandon their native land. So slight a

Maniac. Fly, fly, with all the speed production (twelve stanzas) requires no

ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. your horse can make, if you would save more than a slight notice; it is therefore

yourself from a most painful operation, only as a part of the duty we impose upon

for should my master find you here, he

THE SCRIP. ourselves as Revicwers to give an opinion

would most assuredly cause you to be (SELECTIONS FROM A MS. WITH THIS TITLE, seized and plunged into his horrid pitand an example of all deserving works submitted to us, that we copy the con BIESKI, KING OF POLAND.)

aye, to the very chin. clusion, as a specimen of the poem.


What degree of coercion would this Unite! and yonder darkling clond

The origin of Holy-Head, being so called.

sbrewd Maniae bave thought necessary No longer may our hopes enshrond,

for restoring that royal hunter to reason, Nor dim the smiling morn :

The incident which gives to this paper who alienated a castle and a large portion Commerce, again, shall spread her sail,

its index, may be aptly introduced by a of territory for the sole gratification of Jocund, the Peasant seize the fail, While Plenty fills her horn!

known story, which a writer of some hu- killing one poor single deer! The par

mour relates to testify his own contempt ticulars of this act of folly, by which a Ah! sully not thy glorions name,

for those who devote their lives and for- town and cape in Anglesea became deNor blot the records of thy fame, Nor barter all, for pelf :

tunes to their passion for hunting and signated under the name of Holy-Head, Rise ! high-soul'd Nation! proudly rise ! hawking.

are given by an ancient Welch historian. Prove worthy of thy destinies,

There was a physician at Milan, who In the time of Constantine the Great, O conquer now,-Thyself!

was much celebrated for his skill in the there was in Britain a holy Bishop, called

cure of Mania. His mode of treating this Kebi, son of Solomon Duke of Cornwall, ANCIENT LITERATURE,

malady was as simple as it was effica- who going to school at seven years old, ITALY.-We have had frequent occasion cious; he had a deep pit formed in a gave himself up to study for twenty to speak of the learned M. Maio, of Milan, suitable part of his house, which he years, after which he passed into Gaut, and of the valuable discoveries made by him would fill with water at his pleasure. Into to profit of the instructions of Saint in the Ambrosian Library. In our 13th this bath, he plunged and seated his pa- Hilary, then Bishop of Poitou. He conon Virtue, discovered by him and attributed tients, duly regulating the height of the tinued his disciple many years, and was to Philo.' M. Maio has lately published an water, according to the degree in which by him at last consecrated Bishop, and acivertisement relative to this tract, which, they were severally affected. Some were sent back to his own country; where though ascribed by a Milan MS. to Philo, immersed as high as the knee, others, 10 having spent the best part of his life in was written, according to others, by George the waist, others again, to the chin. It preaching and founding churches, he reGemistus Plethon, a Greek author of the chanced one day, that a patient, some- tired in its decline to a hermitage in the 15th century; it has even been printed long what recovered by these ablutions, was Isle of Anglesea, to end his days in the since under the name of this second author, enjoying the liberty of standing at the peaceful and pious contemplation of God. 8vo. Græce cum Slobæo, Antuerpix, Plantin, door, when a Cavalier, superbly mounted, Soon after this event, the King of the 1575, in fol. &c.) In consequence M. Maid approached, bearing on his hand a fal- country hunting that way, chased a roe, declares, that he cuts it off from the cata- con, and followed by a numerous train the object of his pursuit, into the cell of logue of inedited works, recently published of dogs, horses, and servants. The Ma- Saint Kebi, who seeing her coursed by by him, observing, however, that it would viac's curiosity was instantly excited to the King's greyhounds, closed the door not be impossible to claim this little tract for know what use one Cavalier could pos- to keep them out. On the King reacliPhilo-1st. because the Milan MS. ascribes it to him—2d. because the style does not ap- sibly, have for so large a retinue; and ing the hermitage, le commanded the pcar unworthy of Antiquity--3d. because Ge unable to restrain it, he ventured to ad- Bishop to turn out the roe; this mandate mistus Plethon, who borrowed many things dress the Cavalier himself, with an en- he promised to obey on condition that from ancient author, e. s. from Aristotle, quiry to that effect—when the following the King should give for the service of Theophrastus, Xenophon, Plutarch, and Ar-short dialogue took place:

the church all the land which the roe rian, may have borrowed this tract from Philo—4th and lastly, because Philo really servants properly equipped for the busi- was killed by the greyhounds. To these

Cavalier. My suite merely consists of should in her course run over before she did do not now possess. But M. Maio, fure-ness of hunting and hawking.

terms the King immediately acceded, and seeing the answers that might be made to Maniac. Oh! you are going to rid the roe being turned out, compassed ere these four observations, and being unwilling the country of some wild beasts ? the end of the chase, a large tract of to enter into any controversy on this subject with the learned, invites them to consider, in pursuit of game.

Cavalier. No, I am at present bound country, within which stood one of the

King's castles; he, however, faithfully as annulled, the edition which he has given Maniac of this little work, and of which he has dis

What do you mean by performed his agreement, and gave both tributed but a very few copies. We cannot, game?

that and the ground to Saint Kebi, from however, regret that M. Maio should have

Caralier. Know you not ?-hares, which time the place has been known by been induced to publish this treatise, as we partridges, pheasants, with which I sup- the name of Holy-Head, of which Saint should otherwise bave, perbaps, had to wait ply my table,

Kebi bore the title of Bishop.

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