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NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Lately Published,
THE WORKS OF MR. THOMAS TAYLOR.

Just published, in 2 vols. 8vo. Pr. 11. bds. TREATISES of ARISTOTLE, in Royal Quarto, SHAKSPEARE's HIMSELF AGAIN; or the LanPrice Five Guineas each Volume.

guage of the Poet asserted : being a full, but dispassionate Examen 1. HISTORY of ANIMALS and PuYsiOGNOMY.

of the READINGS and INTERPRÉTATIONS of the later 2. RHETORIC, Poetic, and NICOMACHEAN Ethics.

Editors; besides an EXPLANATION OF ALL SUCH passages as hare 3. GREAT Ethics, Politics, and Economics,

been PRONOUNCED INEXPLICABLE by OTHER EDITORS. The whole 4. METAPHYSICS; On the Dogmas of Xenophanes, Zeno, and comprised in a series of Notes, SIXTEEN HUNDRED ip numGorgias ; Mechanical PROBLEMS; Fragment on Audibles; On ber; and forming to the Various Editions of SHAKSPEARE, a com. the World, to Alexander the Great; and on the Virtues and Vices. plete and necessary Supplement. 5. ORGANON, or all his Logical Treatises.

By ANDREW BECKET. . 6. On the Parts and PROGRESSIVE MOTION of ANIMALS; Pro. “ Mr. B. is evidently well qualified for the task he has underBLEMS; and On INDIVISIBLE LINES.

taken. He appears to possess an enlarged and discriminating 7. On the Soul; and On the GENERATION of ANIMALS, &c. &c. mind; he has studied the subject deeply; and above all he shows 8. DISSERTATION on the Philosophy of ARISTOTLE.

that he has a proper sense of the beauties of the productions he ELEMENTS of the true ARITHMETIC of INFINITES, in has attempted to illustrate. We have always risen from the perusal which the leading Propositions in Dr. Wallis's Arithmetic of of the work with sentiments of pearly unmixed gratification. The Infinites are demonstrated to be false. 4to. Price 5s.

present Vols. will doubtless find a place in the Library of every ad. A TRANSLATION of the SIX BOOKS of PROCLUS, on mirer of Shakspeare, to the various editions of whose works they the THEOLOGY of PLATO; to which a Seventh Book is truly forni a complete and necessary Supplement."— Theatr. Inquis. added, in order to supply the deficiency of another Book on this 45 and 46. subject, which was written by Proclus, but since lost; also a Trans This book ought to be in the possession of every mau who desires lation of Proclus' ELEMENTS of THEOLOGY. In these Volumes to understand Shakspeare. No actor ought to be without it.is also included, by the Same, a Translation of the Treatise of Brit. Neptune, No. 742. Proclus, on PROVIDENCE and Fate; a Translation of Extracts See also the New Monthly Magazine, No. 34. and other Reviews from his Treatise, entitled, Ten DOUBTS CONCERNING Provi- to the like effect. DENCE ; and, a Translation of Extracts from his Treatise on the SUB. Sold by Messrs. Longman and Co.; Law and Co., London; and SISTENCE of Evil; as preserved in the Bibliotheca Gr. of Fabricius. all other Booksellers. In 2 Vols. Royal Quarto.--250 Copies only Printed. Price 51. 10s. THEORETIC ARITHMETIC, in Three Books; containing the

March 1st 1817.—This day is published, substance of all that has been written on this subject by THEO of Smyrna, NICOMACHUS, JAMBLICHUS, and Boetius. Together with in various Languages and Departments of Literature, many of them

A CATALOGUE of a Valuable Collection of BOOKS, some remarkable particulars respecting Perfect, Amicable, and of rare occurrence ; consisting of part of the Library of that learned other Numbers, which are pot to be found in the writings of any an. Divine, the Rev. W. WOLLASTON, Author of the Religion of Na. cient or modern Mathematicians. Likewise, a specimen of the man. ner in which the Pythagoreans philosophized about Numbers ; and ture; also of JAMES MINGAY, Esq. Barrister at Law; Job HAN. a developement of their Mystical and Theological Arithmetic. MER, Esq., and other Collections, now selling at the Prices af. 8vo. Price 14s.

fixed, for Ready Money, by J. RACKHAM, Angel Hill, Bury

St. Edmund's. AN ANSWER to Dr. GILLIES'S SUPPLEMENT, and to his New ANALYSIS of ARISTOTLE's WORKS; in which the unfaith.

Catalogues containing near 300 pages, 8vo. demy, price' 3s. may fulness of his Translation of Aristotle's Ethics is unfolded. 8vo. 2s.6d. be had at the place of Sale; of Messrs. Longman and Co.; Mr. Printed for, and sold by the Author, 9, Manor Place, Walworth, (late Champante and Whitrow), London ; Mr. Gee, Cambridge ;

Messrs. Rodwell and Martin ; Messrs. Nowill and Burch, Surrey; or to be had by application to the Loudon Booksellers.

Mr. Cooke and Mr. Bliss, Oxford, &c.
PORTABLE ENGLISH DICTIONARY FOR GENE-
RAL USE.

This day is published, price Fourteen Guineas, in two large Lately was published, neatly printed from a beautiful new Type, volumes, folio, illustrated with above eighty fine engravings from on yellow wove royal paper, in 16mo. price 6s. 6d, in extra boards, original Pictures and Drawings, by the late J. Russell, Esq. R. A., with red leather back.

J. Northcote, Esq. R. A., J. M. W. Turner, Esq. R. A., Professor ORTHOEPY SIMPLIFIED; a New and Comprehen- of Perspective, Mr. Dewint, Mr. Corbonld, Mr. Taylor, Mr. Cope, sive Explanatory Prononncing English Dictionary; to which are and other eminent Artists. Engraved by Bond, Cooke, Heath, appeuded, Scripture Names, and Latin, French, and other Words Holl, Le Keux, Milton, Porter, Rotfe, Scott, Smith, Woolnorth, and Pbrases. By CHRISTOPHER EARNSHAW.

&c. &c. &c. “ After a careful examination of this Dictionary, we can with THORESBY'S DUCATUS LEODIENSIS, the second great confidence take upon us to say, that the plan is more judicions, Edition, with Notes and Additions, together with an entire Vo.' and the execution such as to render the work better adapted for its lume of Original Matter, containing an Account of the District object, than any other with which we are acquainted.

supposed to be comprehended by Venerable Bede, under the terms “ Former lexicographers, in their attention to orthoëpical rules,

Loidis and Elmete, have formed generally some favorite schemes, to support which containing the modern Parishes of Berwick, Sherburne, Methley, their definitions and directions have been all artfully, constructed, Swillington, Castleford, Wakefield, Thornbill

, Dewsbury, Mirfield, though too' frequently at the expense of reasou and etymology. The present compiler has avoided this affectation, and formed his Batley, Huddersfield, Almondbury, Bradford, Halifax, &c. Dictionary upon the plain principles of orthograpbical simplicity

By THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER, LL.D. F.S.A. and natural analogy; which must, we have no doubt, give his per

Vicar of Walley, and Rector of Heysham, in Lancashire. formance a decided advantage over the portable Dictionaries now

Printed for Robinson, Son, and Holdsworth, Leeds; and Jobo in common use."—New Monthly Mag. Feb. 1817.

Hurst, Wakefield; and sold by the principal Booksellers in London Sold by Mawman, J. Harris, and Lackington and Co., London ; and the Country. Constable and Co., and Ballantyne, Edinburgh; Brash and Reid, Glasgow; Mozley, Derby; and one or more principal Booksellers, in Bristol, Cambridge, Durham, Hull, Leeds, Leicester, Liver. London: Printed by A. J. VALPY, Tooke's Court, Chancery pool, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Oxford, York, &c. &c.

Lane ; Published, every Saturday, by HENRY COLBURN, (of the The Scripture Names, and Foreign Words and Phrases, may be bad, Public Library, Conduit Street,) and Sold Wholesale and Retail by separate, price One Shilling.

WESTLEY and PAR18}], at the Literary Gazette Office, No. 159, About the middle of March will be published, by the same Au Strand, where Communications for the Editor, (Free of Postage), thor, printed uniformly with his Dictionary, and as a sequel and and Orders, (accompanied by a reference for payment in Town), companion to it, THE GRAMMATICAL REMEMBRANCER; are requested to be sent. It is also supplied and sent Free of Posi. a brief but comprehensive English Grammar: to which are added, age by all other Booksellers, Stationers, and Newsmen, in Town Geographical Pronunciation, Technical Terins, &c.

and Country,

Journal of the belles Lettres.

AND

EXPRESSLY DESIGNED FOR THE POLITE CIRCLES.

NO. VII.
SATURDAY, MARCH 8, 1817.

PRICE ls.

driven through a narrow streight, at the rate of thirty PERHAPS there is no subject of history, (for historical miles an hour, during three months and two days. It then the subject has now become) more misrepresented and emerged once more into a wide sea, and the sailor discomisunderstood, than the origin of our war with the French vered that be had got into another world, a fac simile of Revolutionists. Numbers still consider it as impolitic and our own, both of which were fastened together by the unjustifiable on the part of England; while some, and aforesaid streight, “ like the chain of a double headed those not a few, actually assert, that we ourselves were shot,” or “ the tail of a cow,” or “a twin brother," or the aggressors. We shall now endeavour, in as short a an umbilical chord,” and both of which, he begs, in space as our limits will allow us, to set this interesting God's name, may be considered as parts of the same question in its proper point of view.

earth. Here he lands, and happily meets an inhabitant Most persons, we think, will agree, that the laws, the who speaks the purest English. morals, and the religion of a country, are far more im From this clumsy contrivance one is naturally led to portant to her welfare, than commercial treaties or terri-expect a fable on the plan of Peter Wilkins, or the Flying torial boundaries; and consequently, that any attempt Island; but here the romance ends and the pamphlet upon the part of another country to molest the former, begins. The remainder contains nothing further than a demands her resentment and resistance, far more than any solemn political sketch of this new country, Armata, alias infraction of the latter. A nation should not consider her England, during the last thirty years. The whole conpossessions so dear to her as her principles, and should la- cludes with a dissertation on lime and salt, the derivation ment the loss of the one, not so much for the loss itself

, as of the word London, and a promise to write a future acfor its diminishing her means of defending the other. It count of a city called Swalo, or Swallomor, or Swaloup,' follows, therefore, that a declaration of hostility against or Swalodun, or Swaloal. her civil institutions, is a more direct outrage, than one Why it was found necessary to turn this world into part which would only threaten them indirectly, by the viola- of a great chain shot, for the purpose of proving that Ention of a diplomatic parchment.

gland might originally have prevented the war, we cannot, Now the two principal causes assigned by the British we fairly confess, upon any principle, either of good sense Government for putting the country in a state of military or good taste, discover

. The writer asserts, that England preparation, were, first, that France had manifested an in- ought to bave acted as arbitrator between France and the tention to violate treaty by opening the Scheldt; secondly, continental confederacy, and that thus she might have that she had professed herself hostile to all kingly govern- saved the life of the French Monareh. Now this, we prements, and had promised assistance to every nation who sume, she could not possibly have done, without interfering would adopt her own system of liberty. Even the great in the internal affairs of France; and it appears rather exleader of opposition admitted, that a war to protect our traordinary, that such interference should formerly have treaties was both necessary and justifiable; bul at the been urged as proper, by those very persons who have same time, asserted, that lier declaration of war against lately accused her, though without any foundation in truth, kings, her promise of assisting all who wished to dethrone of a similar interference. How can we hope that our posthem, and her reception at her assembly, of English dele- terity will ever obtain a true statement of passing events, gates and traitors, whom, in contempt of the King and the when we are told, even in the very face of those events, Parliament, she professed to consider as the representa- that two years ago, we placed the Bourbons on the throne ? tives of the British people, were causes quite insufficient Had we really done so, we should have been authorised by for hostilities ! Certainly, the recerds of nations could fur- the usages of nations ; because, as conquerors, we held in nish no precedent for such causes ; but why? Because ourselves the right to dictate whatever mode of history happily could not produce an instance of similar ment we chose ; nay, to portion out the territory into dukeprovocation. Unless then, a river was dearer to us than doms and principalities, and distribute them amongst our a religion, and our alliance with the Stadholder more bind- own generals. Yet with all these powers vested in us, ing on us than our allegiance to the King, it follows, (even and though we declined interfering with any form of gosetting the question of the Scheldt aside) that there still vernment which the conquered nation might itself adopt, remained ample motive for the measures which our govern- we are at this moment, and by some of our most enlightment adopted. The French declaration of war, however, ened statesmen too, accused of having done that which preceded our own, and thus prevented all possibility of we did not do, and which, had we done, we should bave affixing any fartirer odium on our conduct.

been perfectly justified in doing. We have been led into the foregoing remarks by the But it was, from the beginning, a war, not polemical or perusal of a late publication, called Årmata, but whether diplomatic; not founded upon views of aggrandisement, we should class it under the head of a romance, or a pamph-or upon infraction of treaties; not depending on the let, we really feel quite at a loss to determine. It begins quirks of citizen Chauvelin, or on the long periods of Lord with an account of a sailor, whose good ship Columbia Grenville -it was a war in which the kingdom of the mind was overtaken by a hurricane on the 10th of February, and was iuvaded, in which buman nature itself was called upon

govern

.

to protect her rights ; its origin was infidelity and its ob- tion of a frigate, are propositions neither Christian nor Musject extirpation-not that savage extirpation which would sulinan.

Some branches of learning would attract more members than cut off a people at a blow, but that more refined butchery of intellect and moral truth, which, in leaving us life, would others: there would be fewer orators than scholars, fewer

grammarians than cultivators of the physical sciences, because bestow upon us the worst of curses, because it would con- these sciences would have more to hope from the existence of tinue us under the dominion of all the rest.

such an assembly.

In this Congress, which embraces all faiths, and every spePLAN of a general Association of Learned and Sci-cies of knowledge, is colour to be made a ground for exclusion? entific Men, and of Artists of all Nations, for accelerating The nobility of the skin is already hanished to the archives of the Progress of Civilization, of Morals, and of Ilumination. folly. If such men should appear as Captain CUFPEE, KIZELL, By the ABBÉ GREGOIRE, Ex-Bishop of Blois. "sans- and Isaaco, (negro authors of some recent publications, and lated and arranged by SIR T. CHARLBS MORGAN, M. D. honest man would receive them with honor, while he would

who want but the means of making their talents known) every (Concluded.)

reject from the assembly, with detestation, the ravagers of Tue city in which the Congress should meet, ought unques Africa, whose treasures are produced by the sweat, the tears, tionably to be remote from the din of war, and the discord of and the blood of its unhappy slaves. revolution; it should be commodiously situated for intercourse Neither should difference of sex become a source of exclusion. with foreign countries, and abounding in books, instruments, There exist too many celebrated females, the creditors of history, &c. for the prosecution of enquiry. Cheapness of provisions who would bring an ample contingent to the service of the also would form an important consideration-Paris would fulfil Congress. some of these considerations, but not the whole; not at least The novelty of the assembly would bring from the most until it shall have ceased to be a military position, and guarded distant climes, men like the Persian Mirza ABU TALEB, who by the troops of foreign nations-neither should the supposed lately appeared in Europe, and whose travels are translated advantages of its central situation (which however are far from into several European languages. Curiosity or accident would incontestible) interfere with the principle of alternation of place; bring individuals from countries, in which the arts are yet in which would be productive of great benefits, and by which allci- their infancy; and the descendants of ancient races, escaped vilized nations might enjoy in turn the presence of the Congress. from the chances of time and revolution. By the side of an For this purpose, the first meeting should fix the country, city, Armenian or a Tartar, we might perhaps have a GUEBRE, a and other similar points for the regulation of the next. But as no TORKELINE, or a Torlacias; the one an Icelander by birth, the such arrangement could be made for the first Congress, it be other by descent, might embrace a Mandarin of letters, adcomes necessary to offer an opinion on the subject. Germany, mitted as a literary character, and not as a Mandarin; for here (embracing all that part of the continent, which speaks the the titles and decorations of vanity would be reduced to their language of Gesner and of Wieland), has not the advantage, just value. The chimney-sweeper poet BERONICIUS, or the or more probably the disadvantage, of possessing a metropolis, ploughman Burns, would hold a place far above many indiwhich usurps a literary supremacy over its other cities, and viduals, born in the highest classes of society. decides for them definitively upon points of taste and science. In this assembly also we might see the representatives of In these matters, as in politics, Paris assumes a sovereignty that classic country of liberty, which for more than four cen- over the departments, which yield with blind idolatry to its turies has groaned beneath the Mussulman yoke. The illusdictates. Germany has at least an hundred cities, where let- trious offsets of ancient Greece, spread abroad over all Europe, ters are cultivated, by men, who for the most part join to great would come with Corai' at their head, to the Congress, breathmodesty a laudable elevation and independence of character. ing vows for the regeneration of their country. Such men will most probably abound in the free cities; and on With respect to number, the Congress should, without that account they would deserve the preference: such for in-doubt, be unlimited. stance is Frankfort on the Maine. With respect to the interval Their exists also an amphibious race of beings, who would between the sessions; if it be too long, it would fatigue the ge- be anxious to gain admittance. The ancestors of these persons neral anxiety for communication; if too short, the Congress gloried in their ignorance of letters, considering it as a mark of would lose the charm of novelty, and sufficient materials would their nobility. But when the dissemination of knowledge nut be accumulated for the renewal of its operations. Instead among the people rendered them a power in the state, these of biennial meetings, to which Sir John SINCLAIR inclines, preux chevaliers felt the necessity of participating in the benefits would it not be more advisable to assemble triennially? The of instruction, to which their fortune opened to them the path. first assembly, however, foreseeing obstacles, and opposing But the majority, in thus placing themselves on a level with itself to the difficulties which might arise, would determine their age in information, still displayed an affectation and with greater precision upon this and other points connected pride; and by the exhibition of parchments, claimed an enwith the conduct of the Congress; such as the formation of a trance into the sanctuaries of science. Hence arose the noble centre of correspondence, the keeping of archives, &c. academicians, honorary members, metamorphosed into ama

The discussion of this question in periodical publications teurs of knowledge. Are these men to be admitted into the would bring it fairly under consideration; and if the public Congress? The answer is to be found in the preceding numvoice was clearly in favor of its adoption, any government, ber; send them to the tribunal of opinion. alive to its own interests, and anxious for the welfare of its The individual who travels for a specific object, seeks out people, or any learned society might take the first steps, the monuments, books, &c. analogous to his research; and without offending the amour propre of other nations; for the he is drawn by a natural attraction towards others engaged in beginning, must be made somewhere; and the initiative is but the same pursuits; being instigated by a desire of coinmunian invitation.

cating his discoveries, and of obtaining information upon the The custom of learned persons travelling at their own charge, points of which he is yet ignorant. The voyager in thus traor at that of their governments, assures us against any objec- velling through the world, effects in his individual person, tion on the score of expence. With respect to the parties to be what is required of the members of the Congress collectively. convoked, they should be of all states, without distinction of It is useless to enter into any extensive detail of exainination, origin, sex, condition, colour, or faith. The sciences cultivated, or at least susceptible of cultivation, by men of all reli ! Coray, the learned Editor of Hippocrates, and one of the gions, helung not exclusively to any. The square of the hypo- revivers of the literature of ancient Greece, among its Romaic thenuse, the cycloid, the calculation of an eclipse, the disposi- descendants.-T.

::

upon the questions of procès verbal, presidents, or of the lan- | not be obtained, if its researches were not carried into all subguage to be employed in an assembly where all the members jects which could rectify false science, enlighten ignorance, are polyglot. In deliberative assemblies it often happens, that console misery, and elevate those countenances which have minute questions are tediously discussed, because they are been beaten down by misfortune. The uames of Howard, within the scope of little minds, incapable of elevating them- Hanway, FOTHERGILL, CHAMOUSSET,' can never be pronounced selves to vast and generalising conceptions, and delighting only but with veneration. Numbers of young persons, ambitious in the citation of particular instances. But men of genius, of filling honorable stations in society, would travel to become well aware that, next to virtue, time is most precious in human spectators of the Congress we propose, and to habituate themaffairs, will easily escape from these prelin.inaries, and proceed selves to laudable dispositions. Many periodical works would at once to the object of their meeting: Geometers would seek likewise be undertaken to disseminate its proceedings. Before out geometers, and chemists unite with chemists: the botanist, its close, the assembly should appoint a time and place for the the physician, the antiquary, the sculptor, the musician, would next sessions, arrange plans of occupation for the interval, each seek conferences with those devoted to the same pursuits. establish correspondence, and form an intermediate commisOne would bring a new instrument, another an unknown for- sion for receiving papers, &c. Thus men of the highest quamula, a simplified method, a project which solicits, or perhaps lities will have made an exchange of knowledge, of esteem, has already received, the sanction of experience. Beside such and of affection. Fortified in the love of good, they will return men, how infinitely little would appear those who have figured to their fellow citizens charged with scientific spoils; and will on the earth only through their opulence and power : how exe- fulfil a duty, which in Iceland was once the object of legislacrable the conquerors and the poets who sing only of the tive injunction. For every inhabitant who quitted that island, ravages of war! Point out the man, who first introduced the upon his return hom was compelled to appear before a inagispotatoe into Europe, (be he Raleigh, or who he may), and let trate, and to communicate his observations on all that had apa monument be erected to this benefactor of humanity, above peared to him good, and capable of being imported, in foreign that of every warrior, except those who have combatted in the manners. cause of liberty.

In the event of this plan being adopted, any literary body, The first operation for the employment of the Congress or any government may, as it has been already stated, convoke would be, to draw up an account of the present state of the the first assembly. But if we suppose it to be rejected as several sciences; to point out what has already been done, and Utopian; to have made the proposition, will still be an •useful what there yet remains to do; to apply the discoveries hitherto labour. 'FLEURI has observed that we should never remain made, to the wants of society, and the established theories, to satisfied, while one ignorant person stands in need of instructhe perfecting of arts and manufactures. For this purpose, by tion, or one sinner requires conversion: and this maxim, the side of the chemist and the natural philosopher, the manu-though especially addressed to the ministers of the altar, is facturers would find a place, in order to obtain a rectification of equally applicable to all mankind. Between nations and inditheir processes, or a communication of new methods; and viduals there is the same rigid obligation to hinder evil, and to geometry, statistics, and political economny would open their do good: to labour alike for the welfare of contemporaries, and archives to the merchant, who seeks new vents for the exten- for those who are to succeed us in the career of life. Virive sion of commerce.

and truth are the heritage we should transmit to posterity; Having ascertained the boundaries of science, the next labour for those generations still belong to the great family of man, would be to devise means for its amplification. Subjects would which are reposing in the womb of time, and are not destined be proposed, prizes offered ; and the business of the Congress to receive existence, until we are sleeping in the tombs of our divided among the members, to occupy the intervals between ancestors. the sessions. Placed two thousand leagues asunder, astronomers might agree to observe at the same instant, the march of

LETTERS FROM LONDON. a planet or a comet; their glances might, as it were, meet in the heavens, and an active correspondence might mutually

As you might easily have foreseen, from the tenor of transmit their reciprocal discoveries.

a former letter, I was not very likely to succeed as a Herodotus and Pythagoras, travelling through foreign coun- governess. I therefore relinquished the project, and tries and discoursing with the philosophers of Thebes and the waited on the lady who had promised to make me her priests of Memphis, concerning customs and manners, afford an image of what historians, antiquarians, and philosophers stituted me on the spot, and introduced me in the evening

amanuensis. She received me with abundant civility, inwould perform at the Congress; of what Du Thor, FLEURI, Guichardini, and Robertson would have done, had they to a literary party. These, it seems, are a select few, who lived under the proper circumstances. The fine arts would also meet once or twice a week for the purpose of giving and have their representatives; and the pleasures they afford would receiving wisdom, of bartering an apologue for an anecrender them a general relaxation to all, no less than an occu- dote, doling out sententiousness by retail, and, in short, pation to their respective professors.

transacting a regular commerce of small wit. They conIn discussing the labours of Congress, nothing has yet been sist of certain ladies and gentlemen, who have the happisaid of morals and of political economy. What would Edinburgh, what would Germany think, if studies so important to ness, as they themselves say, to be neglected by the pubhuman happiness were not placed in the very first rank? lic; and who despise the public heartily, and write for it LOCKE, LEIBNITZ, CLARKE, BONNET, CONDILLAC, have every daily. They therefore find a prodigious comfort in colwhere their admirers. Let us reject their errors; but let us lecting together, and praising each other, since the comreceive with respect the researches of men, who have sounded the depths of intellect, examined the principles of social rela Charles HUMBERT DE CHAMOUSSET, born in Paris io 1717, tions, and have planted the boundaries between legitimate au was the Howard of France, and the author of very many tracts thority and tyrannical abuse. Since sound morals and enlight-on points of charitable economics, which were collected and ened religion are the first wants of mankind, all right thinkers published by the Abbe Desuoussayes. He was the inventor ought, with a conmou consent, to tend towards the regenera- of that useful institution the petite poste. His whole time was tion of education, the spreading of elementary instruction occupied in dispensing assistance to every species of distress, among the lower classes, and the vulgarising, (if we may so which poverty entails on the human race; and he sacrificed an speak), of good methods and of good models.

advantageous establishment in matrimony, because the lady The generality of modern institutions have tended to render did not sympathise in his charitable feelings. He died in pankind litik : and the end of the scientific Congress would 1713.-Tr.

LETTER V.

munity will not do so for them. And truly, any one who trary, we run rather into the opposite extreme, and hold heard them would imagine, that a congress of wits was up indifferent writers, as prodigies of wit. Formerly, seven then and there holden, in formal deputation from the four for eight geniuses in a century, were thought sufficient; but corners of the globe.

now man, woman and child, all have genius. We are not At first, a serious obstacle presented itself against my content with a Pleiades, we must create a galaxy. And, inadmission into this society; as none but those who hail deed, in my judgment, this propensity is not without some already written something, were eligible. Fortunately, reason; for though we do not, perhaps, possess any one however, I recollected that I once composed an additional star of the first magnitude, yet our literary bemisphere. verse to Lullaby, so was introduced, in due form, as a is illuminated by so glorious a cluster of smaller lights, lady, “ who had kindly benefited the commonwealth of that we may defy any former age to compare with the ' letters."

present in collective brilliancy." “ We congratulate ourselves on so valuable a member," “ By Jupiter, Sir, you are a satellite on this occasion;" said a pale gentleman, “ for in Cato's judgment, a verse, observed the pale gentleman, aud the company laughed a line of true simplicity, is worth a whole Childe Haroldry and recorded. of fustian.”

The remainder of the conversation was conducted in a The room was in raptures at this parody. Did you similar manner, but with frequent pauses; because as all hear that ? note that !” echoed every where; and every were determined not to commit themselves by talking one took out a tablet. This is rather an awful affair, plain sense, silence, portentous of epigram, was often the thought I ; and what a flow of soul must veeds ensue, consequence. when people are talking for immortality!

At length I left them, and returned home, with the full “ As you are about entering upon a literary life," con conviction, that a party specifically meeting to talk, is the tinued the pale gentleman," allow me, Madam, to obtrude most silent assembly in nature ; that nothing can be more a few admonitory observations; for though some men are dull than a firm resolution to be witty, and nothing so little born with a desire to mind their own business, all men are conducive to knowledge, as a premeditated conversation born with a fondness for interfering with the affairs of for the purpose of imparting it.' Adieu. others.”

Tablets and exclamations were now at work again.
“ If your object in writing is present notoriety, you

CRITICAL ANALYSIS. must knock at the public brains with a quarto, for they are never at home to the gentle tap of an octavo. Notes, THE PASTOR's FIRE-SIDE, A Novel.; by Miss JANE wide lines, and a Thames of margin, will soon swell up the Porter, author of Thaddeus of Warsaw, Sidney's frog to a sufficient bull. In poetry, you must either in- Aphorisms, and the Scottish Chiefs. 4 vols: 12mo. vent a new measure, or revive an old one ; you must write The literary reputation of Miss Porter has already with diluted ink, and eke out a thought to three pages; risen to a height above that of any cotemporary female and, above all, must be sedulous to bring adjectives and writer of adorned bistory. While perusing her wellsubstantives together, which, having never been so close constructed narratives, we are ready to believe ourselves, before, naturally stare in astonishment at finding them- not wandering through the paths of fiction, but suddenly selves side by side. For this purpose, a calida junctura admitted to a participation in a train of minute facts and between obsolete and new-made words, is the surest and characteristic details, hitherto neglected by the historian, easiest resource.”

or concealed by the narrator of Secret Memoirs. Her “ But if plain prose be your object, you must not write magic pencil gives to the varied and successive pictures a condensed style, but contrive to make every sentence a which are displayed upon ber canvas, all the reality of labyrinth of parentheses, hypotheses, and repetitions. In portraits; and where the annalist of the epoch leaves but a a word, it is now the fashion to write as if you were frigid outline of events, she successfully unwinds the clue speaking, and to speak as if you were writing.”

of ravelled policy, and traces the causes which bring “ Then as for the subject, there is nothing so lucrative " States and Empires to their periods of declension.” as novels or travels. Happy are those authors, who feel Whether the perusal of historical novels may prove proa desire to see a thousand miles. They set off some fine pitious to the acquirement of a clear and accurate knowmorning with a portmanteau, take a tour through France ledge of past events—whether the union of fictitious and the Netherlands, then publish, and out of the profits characters and situations, with the dark series of accreditafford themselves a trunk for their next excursion. To ed facts, be not prejudicial to the effect of those lessons of: conclude, nobody now will allow genius out of a certain experience, which we gather from the virtues and succircle, and public taste is as fluctuating as the Ocean. cesses, the crimes and the follies of our predecessors—is a Nothing floats upon its surface but trifles, and the light. question which, although not irrelevant to the subject ness of a production may always be known by its buoy-before us, we will waive for the present, since we love ancy."

much better to commend than to argue. I have not interrupted my detail of this harangue, with With infinite splendor of coloring, and grace of diction, a list of the murmured eulogies that its several passages Miss Porter is nevertheless a diffuse writer. She is not received, but when the speaker had ended, an old cynical often profound in her reflections, and but rarely witty in gentleman took up the subject.

her dialogue; nor does she frequently delight by a con“ I am far from being of opinion,” said he, “either that centrated blaze of genius... But in her works, as in the the public taste, generally speaking, is vitiated, or that immortal remains of Raffaelle, it is the mind that inspires, there is an insensibilitis. fo 'taietrt among us. On the con- the soul which informs, the majestic whole, rather than

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