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NEW PUBLICATIONS. Speedily will be published, in Imperial Quarto, price 1l. 118. 6d. A VALUABLE NEW YEAR'S GIFT TO YOUNG the Fourth and last part of

PERSONS. 1. An HISTORICAL ACCOUNT of the BATTLE | This day is published, elegantly printed in two large Volumes, of WATERLOO, LIGNY, QUATRE BRAS, &c, written from 12mo. illustrated with Frontispieces, price 16s. boards, the first Authority.

THE CONTEMPLATIVE PHILOSOPHER; or, By W. MUDFORD, Esq.,

Short Essays on the various Objects of Nature noticed throughout Accompanied by a series of splendidly coloured Engravings, Plans, the Year ; with Poetical Illustrations and Moral Reflections on &c. from Drawings taken on the spot, by James Rouse, Esq. each Subject. In this important undertakir no exertion has been spared to

By RICHARD LOBB. prodnce a memorial of the exploits of our gallant countrymen truly London: Printed for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, Paterworthy of them; to transmit to posterity a record, which may be noster Row. consulted with conscious exultation which the future historian, That this edition (being the fourth) might correspond as nearly who shall recount these immortal deeds, may examine with confi- as possible with the present state of the physical sciences, the works dence-and which the living, who partook of all the toils, the dad has been revised throughout, and considerably improved and engers, and the glories of them, may turn to as the authentic monu. larged, by an eminent philosopher, who bas simply stndied to render ment of their own exploits.

it accurate, without changing its style, or suppressing any of the The Plates illustrate not merely the field of battle, but all the excellent moral reflections which give to these Essays so exquisite intermediate country from Brussels to Charleroi, proceeding in a charm. regular succession; so that the reader will, as it were, actually walk

This day is published, in 3 vols. 12mo. price 21s. over the ground which our army trod, from the moment it quitted Brussels till the Battle of Waterloo was fonght. They will form in

SIX WEEKS AT LONG'S; A Satirical Novel. a manner one vast picture, so concatenated throughout, that what

BY A LATE RESIDENT. appears in perspective in the first Plate will be represented in the

“ LONGO ordine gentes." foreground of the second, and so through the whole series.

Printed for the Author, and søld by Colburn, Conduit Street; To military men, and especially to those who were in the battle, of whom and all Booksellers may be had, lately published, these Graphic Illustrations must be peculiarly valuable and inter

2. GLENARVON. The Third Edition, in 3 vols. with an exesting, as they will be enabled to ascertain almost the very spots planatory Preface, Vignettes, and Music to the Songs. 11. 49. where themselves stood--wliere their brave comrades were killed

In point of talent this work is acknowledged to excel every thing or wounded-where they sustained the shock of the enemy--where in the Novel line that has appeared for some time past. they repelled his ouset--and where at last they so gloriously con The Preface to the present edition contains a statement of the quered.

extent to which hints, for some of the characters, have been taken hall; Ackerinan, Strand ; of whom and all Booksellers may be had, Author

of the Tragedy of Wallstein," &c. 68. Ditto English, 75. Orders received by Colburn, Conduit Street; Egerton, White from actual observation.

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“ This work presents to us remarkable beauties. It com pels us SIONS of FRANCE in 1814 and 1815.

The writer has penetrated deeply into the human heart, he has exBy M. DE BEAUCHAMP,

hibited it quite naked. He has represented man such as he is, with Author of “ The History of the War of la Vendée. The Second his weaknesses and his irresolution, his presumption and his geneEdition, comprising a circumstantial detail of the Battle of Wa rosity, his littleness and his grandeur."--Gazette de France. terloo; by a French Staff Officer; in 2 vols. 8vo. Price 21s.

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Dominick,' &c. Second Edition, 3 vols. 21s. These works form together a desirable accompaniment to La. 7. JANE OF FRANCE. By MADAME DE GENLIS. 2 vols. 128. baume's Russian Campaign. The political and military annals of 8. TALES OF FANCY. By Miss Burney. Author of Cla. Nations have certainly never supplied such interesting subjects for rentine,' • Traits of Nature,' Geraldine Faucovberg,' &c. 78. 6d. the contemplation of mankind as are united in the description of 9. CLARENTINE. By the same Author. Second Edition, 3 this astonishing epoch, in which are exhibited the most memorable vols. 21s. events and the most affecting incidents that were ever produced by 10. ADELAIDE. A Tragedy in Five Acts, Dedicated the sword of war or recorded by the pen of history.

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NO. V.
SATURDAY, FEB. 22, 1817.

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language and our poetry, and tend to render the bard a The LITERARY Gazette having now passed safely being, whose ambition extended not beyond ephemeral through its initiatory month, we may presume to congra- applause. Not such was the feeling of our mighty tulate onrselves on the favor which it has experienced Milton, whose extant letter shows, that he spurned cotemfrom an indulgent public. We trust that its primary porary fame in comparison with immortal, and that be object, the diffusion of literary intelligence, and its essen. wrote his Paradise Lost for posterity alone. We have not tial difference, in this respect, from all other weekly pub- yet learned to divest ourselves of the notion, that second lications, are sufficiently manifest. For the purpose of thoughts, and second words, too, are often the best; and making that. characteristic the more obvious, we have that what is the most easily written, is not always the most hitherto circumscribed the circle of our subjects, more easily read. Wretched indeed were that criticism, which than our original plan required, and have deemed it pru- would hold one author to be better than another by a dent, rather to commence on a scale which might admit thousand lines, or one book to excel another by so many of enlargement, than one which might call for diminu- ounces or inches. On the contrary, we bumbly conceive, tion. The general nature of the work being once esta- (supposing the author limited to time, that the law of blished, we should then enter upon a wider field, with letters resembles the law of postage, and that above a less danger of misinterpretation, and should thus con- certain weight, there is no frank to immortality. vince our readers, that every topic, not directly bearing But though, while pointing out these general faults, we upon literature, would be considered but as secondary have classed both the reviews together, we by no means and adventitious. Indeed, when it is found so difficult, consider them as possessed of these faults in an equal proeven in critical strictures, to preserve moderation and portion. The elder born has a good deal more of that pecandor, we might well shrink from animadverting upon tulant and headstrong temper, which is so often imputable other subjects, which rouse the more rancorous passions, to primogeniture ; while the younger born, like other se. and set prejudice in array against truth.

cond sons, has an advantage over it in a more moral and We would instance, on this occasion, the two principal scholastic education, as well as in a more sober observance Reviews. Perhaps, so noble a body of criticism, so solid of those laws, which the dashing heir thinks it a fine thing a compendium of knowledge, never appeared in any age to laugh at and infringe. To our mind, the one appears or nation before. The joint product of divines, philoso- in the shape of a great boy-senator, who will wake a phers, and poets, they compress into their quarterly pages speech or break a lamp for you, just as you please; while all the valuable matter that is diffused through the quartos the other, brought up at his mother's apron, has all her of a whole year. The landmarks of public opinion, they proverbs off by heart, and errs only in sometimes applying excite enthusiasm and rivalry among the learned, while them too strictly. they create taste and discrimination among the ignorant. It has long been a matter of regret, that these two

Yet with all these qualities and consequences, it would works, which are dedicated to criticism on others, should still be too much to expect from them unmixed excellence never be criticised themselves. And this appears

the more and unexceptionable advantage. Every one is aware, that necessary, inasmuch as a greater degree of injury must both these Reviews now and then indulge themselves in accrue from their errors, than from those of original wrian atrabilious fit of critical spleen ; that they have their ters. If readers are left to their own unbiassed opinions, favorite authors, and their contradictory doctrines, and a large portion of them will decide justly; but an unfair their political heresies or bigotries, all often in utter oppo- or injudicious stricture, published with all the pomp and sition to each other, aud sometimes in direct hostility circumstance of the plural We, misleads and perverts that against fact and reason. We would revert, for example's great mass, whose information is confined and whose judgsake, to their last numbers. In the ope, we have already ment is immature. pointed out a most disgraceful attack upon Pope, to It shall, therefore, be one among our other duties, to which the best answer extant may be found in a former keep a watchful eye over those tremendous censors; to volume of the self-same work; in the other, there is some conipare each with his compeer, and to form a proper curious advice to poets, which, really, for the honor of equipoise between both. We grant that their engines are of criticism, as well as for the purity of writing, we cannot a larger calibre; but against this advantage, we can oppose suffer to circulate unexposed. This unlucky passage con- a quicker cannonade. Our rapidity of fire is more than in tains nothing more nor less than an exhortation against an inverse ratio to our weight of metal. correctness of style, -or, at least, against the means by which that correctness is obtained. It advises the poet ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. to write often rather than well, and to continue flinging off his sheets roughly and rapidly, while the public are in

SHERIDAN'S DRAMAS. 4 good humour with him. This counsel, though some.

To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. what qualified by certain conditions, in that case wisely Mr. Editor, I was intimately connected with Mr. made and provided, would, if pursued, debase both our Sheridan for upwards of thirty years, and possess some

confidential letters from him. In consequence I feel inter-lousies, and their vices,' have yet lett materials for ample supested to rebut the late insinuations, that Mr. Sheridan's mo- plements. If political honesty is rare, still more so is literary ther wrote, or chiefly wrote, “ The Rivals.” I would ask, probity. Mathæus has launched into bitter complaints on this was not the elder Mr. Sheridan alive when it was first

subject. Books, manuscripts, discoveries, and thoughts, are

represented, and would he have suffered even his son to defraud property not less sacred than money; and when to the habit

of borrowing such objects, is added a constant neglect in rehis wife of her literary credit? With respect to the “School turning them, it is impossible not to condemn the heart as an for Scaudal," I can aver, that Mr. Sheridan told Mr. Rich- accomplice of the memory. The robber, who plunders the traardson that he drew Charles for himself, and Joseph for a veller, is not more culpable than the man of letters, who denear relative; but chiefly to explode the sentimental hypo- prives another of his discoveries. The sole difference lies in the crisy prevalent at that period, in novels and in real life. name; and the one might be called a literary theft; the other He told Mr. Kemble the progress of the play, as he had

a pecuniary plagiarisin.

Force of character, which consists as much in the power of originally written it; and Mr. Robert Paliner declares, that abstinence as of action, is a quality not less susceptible of an the verses, at the end of the play, were pot given to Mr. evil, than of a good application; as the Cæsars, the ALEXSmith, who performed Charles, and was to speak them, ANDERS, and other heroes of the same stamp, abundantly prove, till the last act was in representation. They who knew But such strongly marked being, firm in their purpose and Mr. Sheridan, know that he was affable, courteous, and inflexible in their principles, have become cxcessively rare, from good-humoured in private life. His manners were pecu

the operation of a false civilization, which is gradually destroyliarly exempt from affectation, or an attempt to lead but ing originality of sentiment, and leaves only a few slight

shades of difference between man and man; which must neceshe had a high sense of his literary character, and would sarily disappear in those countries where all individuals are not have brooked any disposition to suggest improvements forcibly moulded on the same form ; where despotism, like of his works, unless he solicited the opinions of his friends. PROCRUstes, is constantly extending and curtailing whatever The attempt to sap his literary fame induces me thus to does not quadrate with its own exclusive notions. Energy of come forward, in defence of a gentleman of whose friend character abounds in a nation, in the strict proportion of its ship I was proud; who was av ornament to his country, greater or less degree of liberty ; but it may be found under all aud might have risen to its highest honors, if be had pos- solitude, have not suffered themselves to be diluted by the

circumstances among those literati, who, alive to the charm of sessed such a degree of prudence as is rarely, if ever, the enervating pleasures of society; thereby resembling, as Justus concomitant of genius, and particularly genius of a tran-Lipsius has observed, those great and majestic rivers which scendent order.

AMICUS. pour their waters far into the sea before they permit a mixture

with its waves. Plan of a general Association of Learned and Sci The connexion between these remarks and the general subentific Men, and of Artists of all Nations, for accelerating ject of this paper, is evident. The observations on the state of the Progress of Civilization, of Morals, and of Illumination. European civilization, with which we commenced, exhibit an

of a the By the ABBE GREGOIRE, Ex-Bishop of Blois. Trans

grow to an enormous extent, if moral education be not more lated and arranged by Sir T. CHARLES MORGAN, M. D. actively forwarded, and a new direction given to the studies of (Continued.)

rising generations. The union of virtue and knowledge would Ir governments are in some degree chargeable with the igno- carry the human character to its greatest point of elevation and rance and depravity of the people, the blame will equally atrach dignity; but if the two be incompatible, there is no room for itself to those writers who, having aspired to the glory of in- hesitation as to which shall have the preference. structing their species, have neglected at the same time to be

It is easy to conceive an assembly which would unite every come its models. To this distinction they might have attained, talent and every vice. Its fermentation would develope on all if they had laboured as assiduously to render themselves upright sides the gems of discord; and the scandals, to which such a men, as they have to become eminent authors; if they had body would give birth, would be but ill compensated by a few thought less of the brilliancy, and more of the utility of their discoveries, or the solution of half a dozen problems. parts; if, with more courage to uphold truth, they had less dis In our present state of social existence, the consideration be. position to adulation and to sycophancy; if, while they studied stowed upon talent neglects all reference to the purposes to the laws and phænomena of nature, their lives had been a which it is applied. The great world continually outrages virtue continued hymn in praise of its creator.

by the distinctions it thus lavishes on eminent men, notwithProbity, and not learning, is the first and most valuable standing the utmost irregularity of their moral conduct. If such qualification; for it is the vocation of all mankind. “Whatever persons alone are to composé our Congress, let it for ever inan muy say or do, it is essential to myself that I be honest." This remain unassembled; for what can be expected from men who, inflexible rule of MARCUS AURELIUS leads at once to the con- without principles or stability, yield to every impulse of perstitution of the proposed Congress, whose object is not more sonal interest, creep into the dirtiest paths of adulation, and the extension of science, than the improvement of morals;

and sacrifice to their insatiate desires fur wealth and honors, truth, this end cannot be obtained, without a selection of the ele- private character, and the interests of humanity. In France, ments of which the Association shall be composed.

of late years it has been the fashion to declaim on probity and If the old proverb be just, that beauty and chastity are in devotion to public duty; but this contrast of words and actions, mutual hostility,

far from edifying, excites indignation. The Congress is prin“ Rara est concordia formæ

cipally calculated for raising up the throne of virtue: it must “Atque pudicitiæ,"

therefore leave behind it other recollections than those of its , it is no less true that talents and virtue are too frequently op

talents. posed to each other. Vir bonus dicendi peritus, the definition of Let us suppose therefore that a person, like those we have the complete orator, ought also to be applicable to writers of described, should present himself; one whose works tend only every other description. Why then is disorder in the domestic ceconomy of our men of talent, the almost constant type of the · Besides the well known work of Menke, see “De peccatis irregularity of their morals? Tollius and others have composed Eruditorum,” 4to. 1696, “ Helmstadius de Vitiis Eruditorum." works on the misfortunes of men of letters; but those who have ibid. also “De moribus eorum qui quæstus solius causå stưwritten the most extensirely upon their charlatanism, their jea- deant.”

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to the corruption of posterity; where, it will be asked, resides exertion, does not seem to have produced the slightest the power competent to his rejection and the answer is, change in his friendship and affection towards him who had opinion---public opinion, a supreme and irresistible power. . If been the object of so much unavailing labour. In the rethere existed but one voice which dared to exclaim against the admission of such a character, it would suffice to unite

all par:of Mr. Stanhope in 1768, there is no word of the graces,

newed correspondence from the year 1756 until the death ties in his exclusion-however brilliant his talents, however estimable his works, his person would be justly despicable. the turns of conversation, the little attentions, the civility

The same force of opinion would repel the tribe of libellers, and politeness of good society, topics which had been and throw back to their proper stations the crowd of pretenders, over and over again repeated in the former letters—this whose attitude and physiognomy betray their satisfaction with omission proves clearly, that he had utterly given up his themselves, and their discontent with the world. The progress of the sciences las compelled the rulers of ly kind and affectionate, according to all appearance ex

first and favourite object; but nevertheless he is uniformStates to surround themselves with knowledge; let us hasten the epoch, when it will be alike indispensable for them to tremely liberal, very active in promoting his sou's advanceembrace the virtues. We will next consider the time and place ment and welfare in the world, very anxious for his health; of meeting, and the power of convocation.

and he writes with that ease of expression and constant com(To be concluded in our next Number.)

munication of daily events and occurrences, which cha

racterises the intercourse between familiar friends who CRITICAL ANALYSIS.

are sincerely attached to one another.

This we think is but justice to the memory of a nobleLetters written by the Rt. Hon. Philip DORMER man, whose name is rarely mentioned without reprobation STANHOPE, Earl of Chesterfield, to ARTHUR CHARLES or ridicule; both of which, to a certain degree, he unSTANHOPE, Esq. relatire to the Education of his Lord-doubtedly merits. He aimed at the utmost political subship's Godson, PHILIP, the late Earl. 12010. 7s. tlety and refinement: for this purpose he studied Tacitus,

This little volume must derive most of its consequence Machiavel, and De Retz; he formed himself upon the from the name of its author. It consists of letters written characters of Richelieu and Mazarin, of whom he had by the celebrated Earl of Chesterfield, to his Nephew, read, and of Marlborough and Bolingbroke, whom he had Arthur Stanhope, Esq. respecting the education of his seen : the event of it all was, if we may trust the accounts great nephew, who was at that time the probable, and of the time, that he over-reached and outwitted himself, became the actual, successor to his Lordship's titles and and defeated his own views by over-cunning and calculaestate. Under these circumstances, it was not unnatural tion. His letters, however, excepting the objectionable that the education of the child should be committed to parts of them, which have always appeared to us, if poshis great-uncle, and the latter seems to have undertaken sible, more absurd than they are immoral, will always the task with the same eagerness and anxiety, which he remain a great manual of worldly wisdom; .in some degree had before manifested in the instance of his own natural from the recommendations which they contain, but in a

The zeal with which he applied himself to this much greater from the warnings and admonitions with work, the pleasure he evidently took in it, and the patience which they abound. If experience had not taught him corand gentleness with which he appears to have conducted rectly what was to be sought after ; he had learned, from it, it, exhibit a favorable view of his character, which was what was to be avoided. Our limits, however, confine us to certainly by no means barsh and upamiable. He seems to

the volume before us. In the preface the Editor observes have laboured to form himself upon the worst parts of with great judgment, that Lord Chesterfield, with all the courts, of political parties, and of the world in general; attentiou which he bestowed upon the subject, was woebut still, ihe bad maxims which he studiously followed, fully mistaken in bis selection of tutors both for his son and the bad models which he proposed to bimself

, seem and his great nephew. We apprehend he might here truly to bave been unable to overpower and stile the original have added, that he erred as much in that, upon wbich he kindness and benevolence of his nature. This goodness had evidently bestowed great pains and much thought, of his disposition appears to us to be strongly shown in namely, the plan and course of education which he recomhis conduct towards his own son, after that, as is perfectly mended--for, evidently indebted himself to the ancients for evident, he was utterly disappointed in the views and ex. the grace and elegance and point of his style, though be pectations which he had so fondly formed respecting him. does not utterly reject classical learning, be everywhere When Mr. Stanhope returned to England in the year undervalues and considers it as secondary Educated at a 1754, his father at length discovered, that nature was too public school, he removes bis son from Westminster before strong both for the precepts of the instructor and the ex- the age at which, it is generally allowed, the great benefits ertions of the pupil; that the Graces are not to be won of those seminaries are reaped; and he commits bis great by whosoever woos them, and that winning manners are nephew to Swiss teachers and private academies. The to a great degree, at least, like personal advantages and Universities, of one of which be was a student, and to accomplishmeuts

, of which Homer has made Paris truly wbiela it is probable he owed something, be condemns ensay

tirely as illiberal and ungentlemaulike. This is a mode of Soft-moving speech and pleasing outward show, thinking and acting which we may very frequently observe

No pray'rs can gain them; but the Gods bestow. in the world, and which takes its rise from personal vanity It is something in favor of a courtier, a politician, and at least as much as from any other cause. Men, and fara man of rank and fortune, that this failure of his fonciest ticularly men of eminence, are very apt to be dissatisfied hopes and his warmest anticipations, for the fulfilment of with their own learning, their owo accomplishments, and which he bad so earnestly toiled, and which he had accus- with the part wbich they have played in affairs. Self-love tomed himself to think so easily realized by effort and whispers that all these ought, if their natural abilities had

son.

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