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NEW PUBLICATIONS. Speedily will be published, in Imperial Quarto, price 1l. 113. 6d. A VALUABLE NEW YEAR'S GIFT TO YOUNG the Fourth and last part of
PERSONS. 1. An HISTORICAL ACCOUNT of the BATTLE This day is published, elegantly printed in two large Volumes, of WATERLOO, LIGNY, QUATRE BRAS, &c, written from 12mo. illustrated with Frontispieces, price 16s. boards, the first Authority.
THE CONTEMPLATIVE PHILOSOPHER; or, By W. MUDFORD, Esq.
Short Essays on the various Objects of Nature noticed thronghont Arcompanied by a series of splendidly coloured Engravings, Plans, the Year ; with Poetical Illustrations and Moral Reflections on &c. from Drawings taken on the spot, by James Roase, Esq.
each Subject. In this important andertakira no exertion has been spared to
By RICHARI) LOBB. prodnce a memorial of the exploits of our gallant countrymen truly London: Printed for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, Paterworthy of them; to transmit to posterity a record, which may be noster Row. consulted with conscious exultation--which the future historian, That this edition (being the fourth) might correspond ag nearly who shall recount these immortal deeds, may examine with confi- as possible with the present state of the physical sciences, the work dence--and which the living, who partook of all the toils, the dan has been revised throughout, and considerably improved and engers, and the glories of them, may turn to as the authentic monu- larged, by an eminent philosopher, who has simply stndied to render ment of their own exploits. The Plates illustrate not merely the field of battle, but all the excellent moral reflections which give to these Essays so exquisite
it accurate, without changing its style, or suppressing any of the
This day is published, in 3 vols. 12mo. price 218.
SIX WEEKS AT LONG'S; A Satirical Novel. a manner ole vast picture, so concatenated throughout, that what
BY A LATE RESIDENT. appears in perspective in the first Plate will be represented in the
LONGO ordine gentes." foreground of the second, and so through the whole series.
Printed for the Author, and sold by Colburn, Conduit Street; To military men, and especially to those who were in the battie, of whom and all Booksellers may be had, lately publisbed, these Graphic Illustrations must be peculiarly valuable and inter
2. GLENARVON. The Third Edition, in 3 vols, with an exesting, as they will be enabled to ascertain almost the very spots planatory Preface, Vignettes, and Music to the Songs, 11. 48. where themselves stood where their brave comrades were killed
In point of talent this work is acknowledged to excel every thing or wounded where they sustained the shock of the enemy--where in the Novel line that has appeared for some time past. they repelled his ouset-and where at last they so gloriously con
The Preface to the present edition contains a statement of the quered.
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“This work presents to us remarkable beauties. It compels us SIONS of FRANCE in 1814 and 1815.
The writer has penetrated deeply into the haman heart, he has ex-
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Dominick,' &c. Second Edition, 3 vols. 215. These works form together a desirable accompaniment to La 7. JANE OF FRANCE. By MADAME DE GENLIS. 2 vols. 128. baume's Russian Campaign. The political and military annals of 8. TALES OF FANCY. By Miss BURNEY. Author of 'ClaNations have certainly never supplied such interesting subjects for rentine,' “ Traits of Nature,'' Geraldine Fancouberg,' &c. 78. 6d. the contemplation of mankind as are united in the description of 9, CLARENTINE. By the same Author, Second Edition, 3 this astonishing epoch, in which are exhibited the most memorable vols. 215. events and the most affecting incidents that were ever produced by 10. ADELAIDE. A Tragedy in Five Acts, Dedicated the sword of war or recorded by the pen of history.
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“ In sese redit."-Virg. Georg.
London: Printed for Taylor and Hessey, Fleet Street. celebrated Poets, ancient and modern. With an Index to the pre
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Whither is he gone, what accident tural History, We recommend this work io the attention of our
Hath rapt him from ns ?"-Paradise Regained. juvenile readers, who will find it 20 agreeable and instructire
London: Printed for Taylor and Hessey, Fleet Street, companion."--Monthly Review for Nor. 1816.
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om the tai
EXPRESSLY DESIGNED FOR THE POLITE CIRCLES.
language and our poetry, and tend to render the bard a THE LITERARY GAZETTE having now passed safely being, wlose ambition extended not beyond ephemeral through its initiatory month, we may presume to congra- applause. Not such was the feeling of our mighly tulate onrselves on the favor which it has experienced Milton, whose extant letter shows, that he spurned cotemfrom an indulgent public. We trust that its primary porary fame in comparison with immortal, and that he object, the diffusion of literary intelligence, and its essen- wrote his Paradise Lost for posterity alone. We have not tial difference, in this respect, from all other weekly pub- yet learned to divest ourselves of the notion, that second lications, are sufficiently manifest. For the purpose of thoughts, and secoud words, too, are often the best; and making that. characteristic the more obvious, we have that what is the most easily written, is not always the most hitherto circumscribed the circle of our subjects, more easily read. Wretched indeed were that criticism, which than our original plan required, and have deemed it pru- would hold one author to be better than another by a dent, rather to commence on a scale which might admit thonsand lines, or one book to excel another by so many of enlargement, than one which might call for diminu- ounces or inches. On the contrary, we humbly conceive, tion. The general nature of the work being once esta- (supposing the author limited to time, that the law of blished, we should then enter upon a wider field, with letters resembles the law of postage, and that above a less danger of misinterpretation, and should thus con- certain weight, there is no frank to immortality. vince our readers, that every topic, not directly bearing But though, while pointing out these general faults, we upon literature, would be considered but as secondary have classed both the reviews together, we by no means and adventitivus. Indeed, when it is found so difficult, consider them as possessed of these faults in an equal proeven in critical strictures, to preserve moderation and portion. The elder born has a good deal more of that pecandor, we might well shrink from animadverting upon tulant and leadstrong temper, which is so often imputable other subjects, which rouse the more rancorous passions, to primogeniture ; while the younger born, like other seand set prejudice in array against truth.
cond sons, has an advantage over it in a more moral and We would instance, on this occasion, the two principal scholastic education, as well as in a more sober observance Reviews. Perhaps, so noble a body of criticism, so solid of those laws, which the dashing heir thinks it a tine thing a compendium of knowledge, never appeared in any age to laugh at and infringe. To our mind, the one appears or nation before. The joint product of divines, philoso- in the shape of a great boy-senator, who will make a phers, and poets, they compress into their quarterly pages speech or break a lamp for you, just as you please; while all the valuable matter that is diffused through the quartos the other, brouglit up at his mother's apron, has all her of a whole year. The landmarks of public opinion, they proverbs off by heart, and errs only in sometimes applying excite enthusiasm and rivalry among the learned, while ibenı too strictly. they create taste and discrimination among the ignorant. It has long been a matter of regret, that these two
Yet with all these qualities and consequences, it would works, which are dedicated to criticism on others, should still be too much to expect from them unmixed excellence never be criticised themselves. And this appears the more and unexceptionable advantage. Every one is aware, that necessary, inasmuch as a greater degree of injury must both these Reviews now and then indulge themselves in accrue from their errors, than from those of original wrian atrabilious fit of critical spleen ; that they have their ters. If readers are left to their own unbiassed opinions, favorite authors, and their contradictory doctrines, and a large portion of them will decide justly; but an uufair their political heresies or bigotries, all often in utter oppo- or injudicious stricture, published with all the pomp and sition to each other, and sometimes in direct hostility circumstance of the plural We, misleads and perverts that against fact and reason. We would revert, for example's great mass, whose information is confined and wbose judgsake, to their last numbers. In the one, we have already ment is immature. pointed out a most disgraceful attack upon Pope, to It shall, therefore, be one among our other duties, to which the best answer extant may be found in a former keep a watchful eye over those tremendous censors; to volume of the self-same work ; in the other, there is some compare each with his compeer, and to form a proper curious advice to poets, which, really, for the houor of equipoise betwecu both. We grant that their engines are of criticism, as well as for the purity of writing, we cannot a larger calibre; but against this advantage, we can oppose suffer to circulate unexposed. This unlucky passage con- a quicker cannonade. Our rapidity of fire is more than in tuins nothing inore nor less than an exhortation against an inverse ratio to our weight of metal. correctness of style, -or, at least, against the means by which that correctness is obtained. It advises the poet ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. to write often rather than well, and to continue flinging off his sheets roughly and rapidly, while the public are in
SIERIDAN'S DRAMAS, a good humour with him. This counsel, though some
To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. what qualified by certain conditions, in that case wisely Mr. Editor, I was intimately connected with Mr. made and provided, would, if pursued, debase both our Sheridan for upwards of thirty years, and possess some
mpir levde le acconcions bar
confidential letters from him. In consequence I feel inter-| lousies, and their vices,' have yet left materials for ample supested to rebut the late insinuations, that Mr. Sheridan's mo. plements. If political honesty is rare, still more so is literary ther wrote, or chiefly wrote, “ The Rivals.” I would ask, probity. Mathæus has launched into bitter complaints on this was not the elder Mr. Sheridan alive when it was first repre, property not less sacred than money; and when to the habit
subject. Books, manuscripts, discoveries, and thoughts, are sented, and would he have suffered even his son to defraud of borrowing such ubjects, is added a constant neglect in rehis wife of her literary credit ? With respect to the School turning them, it is impossible not to condemn the heart as an for Scaudal," I can aver, that Mr. Sheridan told Mr. Rich- accomplice of the memory: The robber, who plunders the traardson that he drew Charles for himself, and Joseph for a veller, is not more culpable than the man of letters, who denear relative; but chiefly to explode the sentimental hypo- prives another of his discoveries. The sole difference lies in the crisy prevalent at that period, in novels and in real life. name; and the one might be called a literary theft ; the other He told Mr. Kemble the progress of the play, as he had
Force of character, which consists as much in the power of originally written it; and Mr. Robert Paliner declares, that abstinence as of action, is a quality not less susceptible of an the verses, at the end of the play, were not given to Mr. levil, than of a good application; as the Cæsars, the AlexSmith, who performed Charles, and was to speak them, Anders, and other heroes of the same stamp, abundantly prove. till the last act was in representation. They who knew But such strongly marked beings, firm in their purpose and Mr. Sheridan, know that he was affable, courteous, and inflexible in their principles, have become cxcessively rare, from good-humoured in private life. His manners were pecu. ing originality of sentiment, and leaves only a few slight
the operation of a false civilization, which is gradually destroyliarly exempt from affectation, or an attempt to lead ; but shades of difference between nan and man; which must neceshe had a high sense of his literary character, and would sarily disappear in those countries where all individuals are not have brooked any disposition to suggest improvements forcibly moulded on the same form ; where despotism, like of his works, unless he solicited the opinions of his friends. PROCRUstes, is constantly extending and curtailing whatever The attempt to sap his literary fame induces me thus to does not quadrate with its own exclusive notions.°Energy of come forward, in defence of a gentleman of whose friend character abounds in a nation, in the strict proportion of its ship I was proud; who was an ornament to his couutry, circumstances among those literati
, who, alive to the charm of
greater or less degree of liberty; but it may be found under all and might have risen to its highest honors, if he had pos- solitude, have not suffered themselves to be diluted by the sessed such a degree of prudence as is rarely, if ever, the enervating pleasures of society; thereby resembling, as Justus concomitant of genius, and particularly genius of a tran- Lipsius has observed, those great and majestic rivers which scendent order.
Amicus. pour their waters far into the sea before they permit a mixture
with its waves. Plan of a general Association of Learned and Sci
The connexion between these remarks and the general subentific Men, and of Artists of all Nations, for accelerating ject of this paper, is evident. The observations on the state of the Progress of Civilization, of Morals, and of Illumination. increase of knowledge and a decay of virtue, and the evil
will By the ABBE GREGOIRE, Ex-Bishop of Blois. Translaied and arranged by Sir T. CHARLES MORGAN, M. D. actively forwarded, and a new direction given to the studies of
grow to an enormous extent, if moral education be not more (Continued.)
rising generations. The union of virtue and knowledge would If governments are in some degree chargeable with the igno- carry the human character to its greatest point of elevation and rance and depravity of the people, the blanie will equally atiach dignity; but if the two be incompatible, there is no room for itself to those writers who, having aspired to the glory of in- hesitation as to which shall have the preference. structing their species, have neglected at the same time to be It is easy to conceive an assembly which would unite every come its models. To this distinction they might have attained, talent and every vice. Its fermentation would develope on all if they had laboured as assiduously to render themselves upright sides the gems of discord; and the scandals, to which such a men, as they have to become eminent authors; if they had body would give birth, would be but ill compensated by a few thought less of the brilliancy, and more of the utility of their discoveries, or the solution of half a dozen problems. parts; if, with more courage to uphold truth, they had less dis In our present state of social existence, the consideration beposition to adulation and to sycophancy; if, while they studied stowed upon talent neglects all reference to the purposes to the laws and phænomena of nature, their lives had been & which it is applied. The great world continually outrages virtue continued hymn in praise of its creator.
by the distinctions it ihus lavishes on eminent men, notwithProbity, and not learning, is the first and most valuable sianding the utmost irregularity of their moral conduct. If such qualification; for it is the vocation of all mankind. “Whatever persons alone are to composé our Congress, let it for ever nan may say or do, it is essential to myself that I be honest." This remain unassembled; for what can be expected froin men who, inflexible rule of Marcus Aurelius loads at once to the con- without principles or stability, yield to every impulse of perstitution of the proposed Congress, whose object is not more sonal interest, creep into the dirtiest paths of adulation, and the extension of science, than the improvement of morals; and sacrifice to their insatiate desires for wealth and honors, truth, this end cannot be obtained, without a selection of the ele- private character, and the interests of humanity. In France, ments of which the Association shall be composed.
of late years it has been the fashion to declaim on probity and If the old proverb be just, that beauty and chastity are in devotion to public duty; but this contrast of words and actions, mutual hostility,
far from ediłying, excites indignation. The Congress is prin« Rara est concordia formæ
cipally calculated for raising up the throne of virtue: it must “ Atque pudicitiæ,"
therefore leave behind it other recollections than those of its it is no less true that talents and virtue are too frequently op- talents. posed to each other. Vir bonus dicendi peritus, the definition of Let us suppose therefore that a person, like those we have the complete orator, ought also to be applicable to writers of described, should present himself; one whose works iend only every other description. Why then is disorder in the domestic economy of our men of talent, the almost constant type of the · Besides the well known work of MENKE, see “ De peccatis irregularity of their morals? Tollius and others have composed Eruditorum,” 4to. 1696, “ Helmstadius de Vitiis Eruditorum." works on the misfortunes of men of letters; but those who have ibid. also “ De moribus eorum qui quæstus solius causå stuwritten the most cateneirely upon their charlatanism, their jea- deant."
to the corruption of posterity; where, it will be asked, resides exertion, does not seem to have produced the slightest
vewed correspondence from the year 1756 until the deathe
the turns of conversation, the little attentions, the civility The same force of opinion would repel the tribe of libellers, and politeness of good society, topics which had been and throw back to their proper stations the crowd of pretenders, over and over again repeated in the former letters--this whose attitude and physiognomy betray their satisfaction with omission proves clearly, that he had utterly given up his themselves, and their discontent with the world.
first and favourite object; but nevertheless he is uniform. The progress of the sciences las compelled the rulers of States to surround themselves with knowledge; let us hasten ly kind and affectionate, according to all appearance exthe epuch, when it will be alike indispensable for them to tremely liberal, very active in promoting his son's advanceembrace the virturs. We will next consider the time and place ment and welfare in the world, very anxious for bis health; of meeting, and the power of convocation.
and he writes with that ease of expression and constant com(To be concluded in our next Number.)
munication of daily events and occurrences, which cha
racterises the intercourse between familiar friends who CRITICAL ANALYSIS.
are sincerely attached to one another,
This we think is but justice to the memory of a pohleLetters written by the Rt. Hon. Philip DORMER man, whose name is rarely inentioned without reprobation STANHOPE, Earl of Chesterfield, to ARTHUR Charles or ridicule ; both of which, to a certain degree, he unSTANHOPE, Esq. relative to the Education of his Lord- doubtedly merits. He aimed at the utmost political subship's Godson, Philip, the late Earl. 12mo. 75. tlety and refinement: for this purpose he studied Tacitus,
This little volume must derive most of its consequence Machiavel, and De Retz; he formed himself upon the from the name of its author. It consists of letters written characters of Richelieu and Mazarin, of whom he had by the celebrated Earl of Chesterfield, to his Nephew, read, and of Marlborough and Bolingbroke, whom he had Arthur Stanhope, Esq. respecting the education of his seen: the event of it all was, if we may trust the accounts great nephew, who was at that time the probable, and of the time, that he over-reached and outwitted himself, became the actual, successor to his Lordship's titles and and defeated his own views by over-cunning and calculaestate. Under these circumstances, it was not unnatural tion. His letters, however, excepting the objectionable that the education of the child should be committed to parts of thein, which have always appeared to us, if poshis great-uncle, and the latter seems to have undertaken sible, more absurd than they are immoral, will always the task with the same eagerness and anxiety, which he remain a great manual of worldly wisdom ; in some degree had before manifested in the instance of his own natural from the recommendations which they contain, but in a
The zeal with which he applied himself to this much greater from the warnings and admonitions with work, the pleasure he evidently took in it, and the patience which they abound. If experience had not taught him corand gentleness with which he appears to have conducted rectly what was to be sought after ; he had learned, from it, it, exhibit a favorable view of his character, which was what was to be avoided. Our limits, however, confine us to certainly by no means barsh and unamiable. He seems to the volume before us. In the preface the Editor observes have laboured to form himself upon the worst parts of with great judgment, that Lord Chesterfield, with all the courts, of political parties, and of the world in general; attention which be bestowed upon the subject, was woebut still, the bad maxims which he studiously followed, fully mistaken in bis selection of tutors both for his son and the bad models which he proposed to himself, seem and his great nephew. We apprehend he might here truly to have been unable to overpower and stille the original have added, that he erred as much in that, upon which be kindness and benevolence of his nature. This goodness had evidently bestowed great pains and much thought, of his disposition appears to us to be strongly shown in namely, the plan and course of education which he reconhis conduct towards his own son, after that, as is perfectly mended-for
, evidently indebted himself to the ancients for evident, he was utterly disappointed in the views and ex. llie grace and elegance and point of his style, though be pectations which he had so fondly formed respecting him. does not utterly reject classical learning, he everywhere When Mr. Stanhope returned to England in the year undervalues and considers it as secondary Educated at a 1754, his father at length discovered, that nature was too public school, be removes bis son from Westminster before strong both for the precepts of the instructor and the ex- the age at which, it is generally allowed, the great benefits ertions of the pupil; that the Graces are not to be won of those seminaries are reaped; and he commits his great by whosoever woos them, and that wioning manners are nephew to Swass teachers and private academies. The to a great degree, at least, like personal advantages and Universities, of one of which he was a student, and to accomplishmeuts, of which Homer has made Paris truly whiel it is probable he owed something, le condemns ensay
tirely as illiberal and ungentlemaulike. This is a mode of Soft-moving speech and pleasing outward show, thinking and acting which we may very frequently observe
No pray'rs can gain them; but the Guus bestow. in the world, and which takes its rise from personal vanity It is sonething in favor of a courtier, a politician, and at least as much as from any other cause. Men, and jara man of rank and fortune, that this failure of his foniest ticularly men of eminence, are very apt to be dissatistied hopes and his warmest anticipations, for the fulfilment of with their own learning, their own accomplishments, and which he had so earnestly toiled, and which he had accus- with the part which they have played in affairs. Self-love tomed hinself to think so easily realized by effort and whispers ihat all these ought, is their natural abilities had
evil will et more nidies of