網頁圖片
PDF
ePub 版

esteemed Italian Grammar, says in his Prospectus of this | There are still in the monastery three young dogs, which new edition : “ I have profited by the labours of all the will serve to replace those that were lately lost in the snow. Commentators who have preceded me, and have carefully The dramatists of Switzerland seem rather deficient in discussed their opinions.....I have pointed out the pas- delicate feeling. One of them, at Freyburg, has actually sages imitated by Petrarch, Boccacio, Ariosto, and Tasso. written a tragedy, called the “ Death of Louis XVI.” This I have compared all the editions of Dante, hitherto pub- has been performed; but it is surely against all the rules lished; I have corrected the erroneous punctuation in a of bien-seance, nay of common propriety. thousand places....... His Excellency Sir Charles Stuart, Ambassador Extraordinary from His Britannic Majesty to

ROSTOCK LIBRARY. the Court of France, having had the goodness to allow me In a journal wholly dedicated to the interests of literathe use of a MS. of Dante, of the 14th century, I have ture, some account may justly be expected of so imporextracted from it a great number of very valuable varia- tant a library and collection of medals as those which are tions bitherto unknown.” This edition is to be in three recevtly announced for sale. These collections were made Vols. in 4to. with engravivgs after the designs of Messrs. by Olaus Gerhardt Tychsen, late Professor of Oriental Gerard, Girodet, Gross, &c.

Literature at Rostock, a man well known for his profound THE INSTITUTIONS OF GAJUS.-The Prussian Privy knowledge of the languages and learning of the East; and Counsellor Niebuhr, ou bis way to Rome as ambassador, are uncommonly ricli in rare and valuable articles. Of has-bad the good fortune to discover, at Verona, a Codex the printed books, above 6400 in number, which are well Rescriptus of the Institutions of Gajus, anterior to the arranged under ten heads, and very exactly noted, (the time of Justinian. The particulars of this discovery, Hebrew, Arabic, &c. titles being printed with the Latin which is of the highest importance to the study of juris- ones) we only observe, that the Oriental compose alunost prudence, are to be found in the first number of the third the half, and with the Spanish (490 in number) contain volume of the Journal of the Science of Jurisprudence, the greatest nnmber of scarce works. Out of many hunjust published at Berliv.

dreds we mention a few. Parts of the Hebrew Bible, METEORIC STONES.—Considerable light has been among which is the oldest Psalter, of 1477. Then nine thrown upon this subject, as far as regards their forma- other books of the Old Testament, from 1482 to 1516. tion in the atmosphere, by a fact recorded in the Annals The Homburg Bibles, and among them a copy in four of Philosophy, (Jan. 1817. p. 14.) of a quantity of red dust volumes, 1525, wbich Pope Clement VII. possessed and having fallen during a thunder shower, at Gerace, in Calaemployed three correctors to improve. An Arabic Psalter, bria. The dust was mixed with the rain ; became black printed on Mount Lebanon, in 1764. Among the 972 when exposed to a red heat, and effervesced with acids. Rabbinical works, all the editions of the Talmud and the When analysed, its properties were nearly similar to those Mishna; a great many Commentaries ; rare Lexicons; one of the meteoric bodies, consisting of flint, iron, alum, and extremely scarce one, printed at Naples in 1491, which chromium.

even Wolf was unacquainted with. The History of TaIn short, there is tbe same apparent analogy between merlane, printed in Turkislı, at Constantinople. The this dust and the meteoric stones, as between rain and hail; first book printed in Arabic, (a prayer book) 1514. cold acting in the one case, and electricity in the other. Anong the works on coins, are distinguished those of the

The Duchess of Devonshire still has her parties at Rome Prince of Torremuzza, Father Bayer, Florez, &c. Among every week. She seems determined to rival her father, the the Spanish we find many extremely scarce works. In late Earl of Bristol, in her patronage of the fine arts. She the second division are Tychsen's own works, with his is about to publish, at her private expense, a splendid edi. MS. additions, and also his posthumous MSS., among tion of Annibal Caro's celebrated translation of the Æneid, which several are ready for the press, especially Almawith illustrations executed by the first Roman artists, krizi's Arabic Medallic History, with 205 most important together with a translation of Horace's Journey to Brun- explanatory notes : collections relative to the Phænician dusium, in the same splendid style of illustration. Her language and inscriptions : a chronological list of all the Grace has also undertaken, with the permission of the Arabian coins bitherto known, with very considerable exGovernment, an excavation in the Roman Forum, which planations. There is a large collection of Hebrew MSS. promises the most interesting results ; and further still, particularly of books of the Bible, both on rollers and in it is understood that she intends giving a commission for the form of books; some Syriac, Mendaic, and Arabic; some one work to every Roman artist who ranks above and an Arabic-Samaritan Pentateuch. Takjeddin's His. mediocrity.

tory of the Caliphs, Poems of Hafiz, a Persian MS. of One cannot be surprised, after this, to hear of an author Sadi's Garden of Roses. Among the Occidental MSS. is dedicating the first volume of his work to St. Peter, and the extremely rare, often doubted, edition of the Spaccio the second to the Duchess of Devonshire. This has lite- della bestia trionfante, printed at Paris, in 12mo. in 1584. rally occurred.

Pages 35 to 40 of the Catalogue contain various Oriental A very curious discovery has, it is said, been made lately curiosities, Jewishı, Arabic, Chinese. at Rome, of papers belonging to the Stuart fansily. They Some pages give an account of the highly important consist of papers, letters, &c. amounting in the whole Collection of Medals, of which the Professor has left two collection to several hundred thousand.

excellent catalogues. The collection consists of 42 drawLAUSANNE, JAN. 17.-We are happy to announce that ers, 14 of which contain the Arabic, Persian, Mogul, Inthe fears which were entertained for the safety of the mo- dian, &c.: among them are 200 old Arabic. The second nastery upon Mount St. Bernard, are now dispelled. This catalogue includes the Roman, Spanish, Plienician (80 in useful and generous establishment is out of all danger. number) Jewish, and 160 impressions in sulphur of Phe

nician coins at Paris. 'The Roman are 287, all genuine. that part of Carlton-house was in the parish of St. Martin-inIt were to be wished the whole collection might be pur-) from his privy purse to be added to the collection for the poor

the fields, his Royal Highness immediately commanded 1001. chased for some university.

of that parish. SHAK ESPEARE. We learn from good authority, that the celebrated Voss, hear that his Royal Highness the Prince Regent has pur

Extract from a letter, dated Hanover, Jan. 17, 1817:--Wc the translator of Homer, Virgil, and other classic authors, chased the fine collection of pictures belonging to the late has resolved to translate into German the whole of Shake. Field-Marshal Count Walmoden Gimborn. A professor, lately speare, in conjunction with his two sons ; that he has arrived from England, has been commissioned to choose out already revised the Tempest; and is now employed upon the finest of these paintings, to be sent to London. The others Hamlet. This is a very agreeable piece of intelligence to are to be afterwards sold." the friends of German literature, since they may justly vidence has preserved during a life of extraordinary activity

The gallant and venerable Earl of St. Vincent, whom Proexpect from the pen of so distinguished a poet, a more and danger in his country's service, has lately bad engraved a spirited translation than the German language yet can Portrait of Himself, for the purpose of presenting one hundred boast, of the works of our immortal Bard.

proof impressions to as many of his principal friends, including T'he translation by the learned Professor Eschenburg political connexions and naval officers, whose merits give a of Brunswick, is indeed highly esteemed for its fidelity, claim to his approbation and friendship. The print represents but wholly in prese, and besides is deficient in many hand extended, in which is held the “ Naval Abuse Bill." poetical excellencies. Another translation was begun by

On Saturday evening the Grand Glee Club of England had the well known M. Schlegel, but only about half finished. a performance at the Crown and Anchor Tavern, at which Mr. This translation is much admired, but the translator Sale and Mr. Leete presided as conductors. The meeting was seems to have given it up; and engaged as he is in the very numerously attended, particularly so by professors. brilliant societies of Paris, it is not very probable that be among thein were, Messrs. Goss, Pyne, Taylor, Terrail, Gore, will have time to complete his undertaking.

J. B. Sale, Williams, Hawes, and Mr. Clarke, Secretary to the BERLIN Museum.-A taste for the Fine Arts may be Institution. The Glees were most admirably selected, prinexpected to spring up in Prussia, in lieu of that extrava: the late Earl of Mornington.

cipally of the old school, soine of them of the composition of gant military taste which two late Fredericks encouraged A new Ode was performed for the first time to the memory at Potsdani and Berlin. His present Majesty is actively of the late Mr. Webb, who was considered the Handel in the engaged in collecting a Museum in the various depart- glee con positions. The music was by Mr. llorsley. The ments of Art; and has recently purchased the Giustiniani piece was highly applauded; and the whole was a great feast: gallery from M. Bonne Maisosi

, at au expence of 20,0001. to the lovers of harmony. WEIMAR, Jan. 11.–There are few parts of Germany hamshire has requested in her will that none of her family

It is singular to relate, that the late Countess of Buckingwhere there is such an unrestrained liberty of the press as should wear mourning for her; in consequence of which, none in our Grand Duchy, whose Sovereign has always sought of Lord Castlereagh's family, nor any other branch of her a particular honour amongst the German Princes, for the Ladyship’s family, will go into mourning on the occasion. protection afforded by him to the arts and sciences. It is A young English officer, of a distinguished family, is reamong us that the journals and newspapers appear, which ported in the French Papers to have shot himself, in conseare written with the greatest freedom; the Nemesis, the quence of beavy losses at play: Isis, the New Rhenish Mercury, and the Opposition crowns, shillings, and sixpences. 'On the crowns and half

The new coins are very handsome, consisting of crowns, halfGazette. It were to be wished that the same freedom crowns is the head of his Majesty, with the words Georgius of thinking and of writing were common to all Germany; III. Dei Gratia, 1816-un the reverse, Rex. Fid. Def. Britan. but there are still many countries in Germany where peo- niarum, with the Royal Arms and Mutto encircled by the collar ple are inclined to take every man who thinks freely for a of the Order of the Garter, surmounted with the Crown. Revolationist, and if he should print there any thing of

On the shillings and sixpences is bis Majesty's head, with that description, he would infallibly bring an indictment the words Geor. III. D.G. Britt. Rex. F. D. 1816. The arms

on the reverse are encircled with the Garter, surmounted with ou himself.-(Nuremberg Currespondent, Jan. 21.)

the Crown. The raised rim will protect the impression, and A Gerinan Journal contains the following article : cach coin has a milled edge. The system of Magnetism makes rapid progress in the A young Lady of the blood of the Comnene, and widow of Prussian States. It has been proposed to create, in the a French General, (the Duke of A-~) was lately brought Universities of the Prussian Monarchy particular Profes- before the Tribunal of Correctional Police, upon the complaint sorships for the cultivation of Magnetism, but the medical of the Sieur Poinselet, a jeweller. The complainant stated, faculty of Berlin has prevented it. Several Professors in that having proposed to this lady to purchase a diamond, price the mean time give lectures on Magnetism."

20,000 francs, he entrusted it with her, that she might have

an opportunity of examining it, and ascertaining its value. The literary world has lately been much am used by However, the Duchess, without having paid the price, or even “Correspondences”—but a German author has invented concluded the bargain, disposed of the diamond and pawned a new and infallible mode of producing a Correspondence it. The case was adjourned for a fortnight, on account of the with any great man, alive or dead. He has just published a indisposition of a M. Bexon.—(Paris Paper.) Correspondence with Buonaparte, but written and read only by himself !

MARRIAGES.-At Ugbrooke Park, Devonshire, the Hon. Mr.

Langdale, of Houghton, Yorkshire, to the Hon. Charlotte The Princess of Wales continues to reside at her bcautiful Clifford, daughter of Lord Clifford. villa on the banks of the Lake of Constance.

At St. George's Church, Hanover-square, Sir Watkin Although the Prince Regext had (while he was at Brigh-Williams Wynn, Bart. to Larly Henrietta Antonia Clive, eldest 101) subscribed very liberally to the relief of the poor of the daughter of the Earl and Countess of Powis. parish of St. Jaines, yet, on liis return to town, being informed At St. Mary-le-bone Church, David Nixon Donnellan of

Ravensdale Park, County Kildare, Ireland, Esq. to Elizabeth, In later life the Duke seldom attended the House of Peers, second daughter of the Hon. John Leeson.

but was represented there by his son, the Marquis of BlandAt Barnwood Church, Gloucestershire, by the Rev. William ford, who, in 1806, was called up by writ for ihe barony of Pearce, M. A. Captain John Lewis Stuart, of the Bengal army, Spencer. He did not confine bimself, however, to Blenheim, Aid de Camp to his Excellency the Marquis of Hastings, son but resided alternately at his residences of Brighton, Sion of the late Honorable Colonel Stuart, and grandson of Francis, House, and Marlborough House in Pall-Mall, yet mixing very late Earl of Moray, to Sarah, sixth daughter of the late Robert little with the world of fashion. The loss of his Dachess in Morris, Esq. many years M.P. for the city of Gloucester. 1811, increased his love of retirement; and he paid but little

The Journal des Debats, of the 2nd instant, contains the fol- personal attention to the contests in regard to the Marlborough lowing article:

interest in the years 1812 and 1815, respecting the City and “ The Duke of Kent, brother of the Prince Regent, is to County of Oxford, and their parliainentary representation. To marry the Princess Marie-Victoire, of Saxe-Coburg, Princess the City of Oxford he had long been a benefactor; but the Dowager of Linances, and eldest sister of Prince Leopold, the change of party politics maile no change in his good will. consort of tlie Princess Charlotte of Wales. The Princess Ma To describe his Grace as a tender and indulgent husband, as rie was born the 17th August, 1780—the Duke of Kent was a kind and attentive parent, would be only to repeat what is bura 2nd November, 1767."-German Journals.

known to our readers: the circumstances of his death also have It is said that Earl Percy will shortly receive the hand of the been sufficiently detailed in the public prints; wbilst the curbeautiful and accomplished Lady Charlotte Florentia Clive, rent peerages afford every information respecting his family yorugest daughter of the Earl of Powis.

and descendants. As Marlborough House, once the residence

of Queen Anne, previous to her accession, now falls to the BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS.

Crown, it is supposed that it will become the residence of the

illustrious heiress presumptive to the British Throne. DUKE OF MARLBOROUGH.

ANECDOTES. llowever we may lament the loss of the great or the good, it is a pleasing task to record their virtues—the present subject

MADAME DE STAEL. of our notice was indeed, through a long life, generally distin During Count Rostopchin's visit to Paris, calling at Madane guished as the good Duke, in contradistinction to his great de Stael's, the grand lounge of the day, the subject of the maternal ancrstor, who illumined the page of British History conversation was the efforts made by the Emperor Alexander at the commencement of the past century, as a WellINGTON to render the Russian People a Naiion." does at the present day.

The Baroness.-Yes, Count, the mass of the Russian people GEORGE, DUKE of Marlborough, was born on the 26th of has remained stationary since the time of Peter the Greai; the January, 1738, and received a private education under the Nobles have advanced ioo far, and ought to teel the necessity superintendance of the learned and venerable Jacob Bryant, in of returning back. which a good foundation was laid for the acquisition of that The Count. It is not to the Russians only, Madam, that you elegance

of taste, and love of science, aided by a good natural should give a piece of advice from which the French Governigenius, which distinguished him in later years. When very ment might equally profit. young he set out on his travels, which seem, however, to have The Baroness.-- We might well enough retrograde, for still been connected with military objects; for, whilst on the Con- the French would be before all other nations. tinent, he served as Aid-du-Camp to his father, then Com The Count.-Very well, Madam, then let us two set the exmander-in-Chief of the British forces under the orders of Prince ample: I am ready to return to my woods, and enter into my Ferdinand of Brunswick. On bis return he was appointed to paternal Donjon-keep; on your part you must also take some a company in the 201h regiment of foot, but afterwards re- steps backwards, returning to your father's Counting-house, and signed, and succeeded his father, who died at Munster in West- we shall see if you gain by the Change! phalia, on the 10th of October, 1758. He was then a minor,

A LEARNED ASS. but at the early age of twenty-two, in 1760, began his political The following singular circumstance took place a few months career, as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of the ago. A lady, resident in Devonshire, going into one of her County of Oxford, in the ministry of the Duke of Newcastle. parlours, discovered a young ass, who had found its way into In this office he was confirmed by his present Majesty, upon the room, and carefully closed the door upon himself. He had his accession; and at the subsequent coronation he had the evidently not been long in this situation before he had nibbled bonour of carrying the Sceptre and the Cross. On the 22d of a part of Cicero's Orations, and eaten nearly all the index of a August, 1762, he inarried Caroline, only daughter of the 4th folio edition of Seneca in Latin, a large part of a volume of Lo Duke of Bedford; and on the 22d of November, in the same Bruyere's Marins in French, and several pages of Cecilia. He year, having succeeded the Duke of Devonshire as Lord Cham- had done no other mischief whatever, and not a vestige reberlain, was sworn in of the Privy Council. In the ensuing mained of the leaves that he had devoured. Will it be fair year he resigned the chamberiainship, being succeeded by the henceforward to dignily a dunce with the name of this literary late Earl Gower, but was immediately appointed Lord Privy animal? Seal, in room of the Duke of Bedford.

HOW TO BREAK ILL NEWS.. Attached to domestic life, he was anxious to quit the field of politics, and resigned his office in 1765 ; but not in disgust Scene. The Rooms of Mr. G--, at Oxford. with the Court, for in 1768, he was elected an Elder Brother

Enter to him his father's steward. of the Trinity House, and in the same year received the order Mr. G. Ha! Jervas, how are you, my old boy? how do of the Garter from his Sovereign, though not installed until things go on at home?-Steward. Bad enough, your honour. 1771.

The magpie's dead.—Mr. G. Poor Mag! so he is gone. How His retirement was blessed with a smiling family; and came he to die?-_Steward. Over-ate himself, Sir.- Mr. G. Did he dedicated much tinie to literary pursuits, particularly to he faith! a greedy dog! Why, what did he get that he liked astronomy, for which study he erected a very fine Obser- so well?-Steward. Horse-liesh, Sir; he died of eating horsevatory at Blenheim. This Observatory became an object flesh.-Mr. G. How came he to get so much horse-flesh ?of much curious examination to our venerable Sovereign, dur- Steward. All your father's horses, Sir.- Mr. G. What! are ing a visit to Blenheim, about thirty years ago; and several they dead too _Steward. Aye, Sir, they died of over-work.very long and scientific conversations took place between the Mr. G. And why were they over-worked, pray?-Steward. King and his Grace upon that subject.

To carry water, Sir.-Mr. G. To carry water! And what were

A DIALOGUE.

SPITE OF CONVICTION.

they carrying water for!-Steward. Sure, Sir; to put out the It is a curious fact, that the French Philosophical Class of fire.-Mr. G. Fire! what fire!-Steward. Oh, Sir, your fa- the Royal Institute have resolved to leave the world in the dark ther's house is burnt down to the ground.- Mr. G. My father's respecting their exertions during the past year! How can this house burnt down! and how came it set on fire?-Steward. I be? Is it from idleness and shame, or froin party spirit? think, Sir, it must have been the torches.. -Mr. G. HOLLAND.-The Dutch Scientific Society of Haarlem, in its Torches! what torches? -Steward. At your mother's funeral. last public sitting, decrced the prize to a work, the object of Mr.G. My mother dead!--Steward. Ah! poor lady! she never which is to prove, that the art of printing with detached and looked up after it.- Mr.G. After what?-Steward. The loss of moveable types was invented at IIaarlem, before the year 1440, your father.--Mr. G. My father gone too !-Steward. Yes, by Laurens Jansz Coster. The author of this Prize Essay is poor gentleman! he took io his bed as soon as he heard of it. Mr. James Koening, secretary to the Tribunal of the First InMr. G. lleard of what?-Steward. The bad news, Sir, an' stance. The Society was so satisfied with this Memoir, that it please your honour.--Mr, G. What! more miseries! more augmented the value of the prize by 50 ducats, and resolved that bad news !-Steward. Yes, Sir, your bank has failed, and your the Prize Essay should be printed not only in Dutch, but in credit is lost, and you are not worth a shilling in the world - French, " in order that the learned of foreign countries may I made bold, Sir, to come to wait on you to tell you about it, see that the honor of this invention is improperly disputed with for I thought you would like to hear the news.

the town of Haarlem." The opinion which is thus brought for

ward again by M. Koening and the Dutch Society, has been ORIGINAL POETRY.

maintained successively by P. Scriverius, hy Boxhorn, and par

ticularly by Mr. Ger. Neerman, who publisheil, in 1765, 2 vols. INEDITED SONI ET, BY GRAY.

in 4to. on this subject. As we have not seen Mr. Koening's

Memoir, we know not whether he has discovered any new or -4 Thyrsis, when he left me, swore

more decisive documents than those hitherto known; in this Ere the spring he would return:

case his work will doubtless interest persons who are fond of Ah what weans yon violet flower

typographical researches. And the bud that decks the thorn?

UNIVERSITY OF WARSAW.—The Emperor Alexander's decree, "T'was the Lark that upward sprung ;

erecting a university in this city, has just been published in the 'Twas the Nightingale that sung.

Latin language. The University will be composed of five faculIdle notes, untimely green,

ties, namely: theology, jurisprudence and political economy, Why such unavailing haste?

medicine, philosoplay, sciences and letters. The prosessors are Western gales, and skies serene,

admissible to all dignities and honorable distinctions; the title Prove not always Winter's past :

of Nobility, or in plain English, Gentility, is attached to their Cease, ye doubis, my fears to move, Spare the honour of my Love!

employment, and this title is transmissible, with all the pre

rogatives that depend upon it, to their descendants, after they Lines suggested by seeing the wooden edisice in Mrs. have exercised their functions ten years: hos qui in stirpe non Hannah More's garden at Barley Wood, and hearing it nobili nati, nobiles declaramus. It is His Majesty's desire, that called the Classical Temple.

the new University shall rival in honors, dignitics, and immuWhat have we here? a Temple! if 'tis such,

nities, the most celebrated universities of Europe. The ComArt has done little, if a shed, too much,

mission of public instruction is enjoined to place at The disposal Four wooden pegs a wooden roof sustain,

of the University, buildings, which, by their convenience and Just wide enough to shield you from the rain,

their extent, may be worthy of such an establishment; 10 If in the middle, bolt npright you stand,

endow it with sufficient revenues from the finds assigned for Exposed to all the winds on either hand:

the public instruction; and to fill, without delay, the several This pride of Barley Wood how can I name?

professional chairs.
And how ivscribe it on the rolls of Fame?
It is not Tuscan, Saxon, nor yet Doric,

Mr. Aikin is elected Secretary to the Society of Arts, in the
Commemorative, votive, or historic,-

room of the late Dr. Taylor. There were two other candidates, "Tis but an emblem of it's owners mind,

viz. Mr. Hiort and Mr. Downing.
Erect anil firm, by no false taste refind;
Of steady fabric, pointing to the skies,

FINE ARTS.
A friendly heacon to inquiring eyes;
Open to all, by all reputed good,

To the reputation which this country has justly attained,
And often prais d, wien little understood.-N.

of superiority in portrait-painting, she has for some few PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES,

years aspired to add a superiority in every other departDOMESTIC AND FOREIGN.

ment of painting. But, without establishing some certain Oxford.--A Convocation was held on Tuesday, for the pur- and public source of employment for historical painters, pose of proposing a dutiful and loyal Address to His Royal High- this important object is unattainable. As the British Artists ness the Prince Regent, expressive of the sentiments of the excel in those subjects, in which they have met with a learned and venerable University, respecting the late traitorous competent share of patronage, it is only fair to infer that outrage upon His Royal Highness's person. The degree of B.chelor in Divinity has been conferred upon Artists in every other department of painting, if the stu

the British school would have produced a number of able Reverends J. Harris and J. Robertson, of St. John's: and that of Bachelor of Arts, upon Mr. Henry Jenkins, of Corpus Christi. dents had met with equal encouragement. "If but few

CAMBRIDGE.-Dr. Smith's annual prizes of 251. each, to the have had the courage to practise historical painting, and two best proficients in Mathematics and Natural Philosophy fewer still have succeeded, the cause is obvious: they have amongst the commencing Bachelors of Arts, are this year ad- had but few patrons. Reverse the case : multiply judged to Mr. John Thomas Austin, of St. John's; and Mr. patrons, and establish a certain source of reward; and Temple Chevalier, of Pembroke ; the first and second wranglers. we shall thereby multiply the efforts of historical painters, Paris.-The French Royal Academy of Sciences has elected

and ensure their success. four correspondents; viz. Mr. Wollaston and Mr. Dalton, both of London; M. Berzelius, of Stockholm; and M. Fleurieu de

The Students, who compare the merited success of Bellevue, at La Rochelle; the first three for the section of che-GLOVER, the landscape painter, with the indigence in mistry, and the fourth for the section of mincralogy, which Barry, the historical painter, lived and died, have

every inducenient to avoid the fate of the latter. The good or bad. But if we could extinguish the present taste former, by his landscapes in water-colours, and subse for landscapes, portraits, and familiar life, and banish the quently in oil, has realized, with the general esteem of painters who have obtained so much honor in those society, a fortune swelle:d, perhaps, far beyond the mark branches, it is by no means probable that we could thereby report, to thirty thousand pounds. The latter painted by produce a taste or passion for historical painting. On thie series of allegorical pictures in the chambers of the the contrary, if we are to judge from the history of the fine Society for encouraging the Arts, and expired without a arts, in other countries, there can be little doubt, but after shilling Glorer, whose strength lies in local truth, and that extinction, all taste and passion for the fine arts would who sometimes, as in his late compilation from Claude, in perish in the Empire. The following facts ought ever to the British Institution, fails in attempting the poetry of be kept in view in discussing this subject. There existed bis art, well deserves his success. All those, who know in the religion of Greece and Italy, prior to the existence of the amenities of the man, and have viewed the majority of a taste for the fine arts, a powerful moral cause, which crehis works, feel a warm interest in his fortune. Good ated a public necessity for historical pictures. This pictures of local scenery and rustic nature, possess a powerful moral cause and necessity, prior to the existence never-failing charm to unsophisticated minds, and are of taste, produced historical painters and historical pice therefore much more likely to find purchasers, than his-tures, which in due time produced a public taste and pastorical pictures of great merit, in a country where histori- sion for the great style of painting and sculpture in those cal painting is not generally understood and cultivated. countries. The greater number in every circle are delighted with the Here we have showed in regular connection, causes simple imitation of those objeets which they see daily, and effects, which hitherto have had no existence in this although a few only, comprehend or feel the elevated country. In their religion, Greece and Rome possessed idea of nature, which is the essential material of poetical a native soil, in which historical art struck deep its roots and historical representation on the stage or canvas. The and grew up to its lofliest elevation. In those countries, courtier, the scholar, the farmer, and shopkeeper, are historical art may be termed indigenous : in England it alike pleased with GAY's BLACK-EYED SUSAN, and has been hitherto an exotic. If we have not this favorable GOLDSMITH's poems and comedies. Their simple Truth soil, we must not, in our honorable earnestness to create a of nature comes home to every heart; but Milton's Para- soil for tbis majestic tree, attack and root up those noble dise Lost; with all its beauty, grandeur, and sublimity, is growths which are indigenous with us. Any such attempt a dead language to the million. Sir Joshua Reynolds has to wound or destroy, must be vain ; although it might truly observed, that our taste for the higher excellences of have the unhappy effect of degrading men of genius, the style is not natural but acquired.-- Ilow, then, unless the professors of painting, into petty and malignant cabals ; Government co-operates with the nobility and gentry, to upon the offence and defence; disgracefully warring upon establish some permanent and general occasiou for histori- each other, in private circles, and scattering anonymous cal pictures, as public works, can a taste for that style and slanders and personalities, through the public journals. class of subjects be acquired by the people of England, A groundless prejudice against modern art, is one of the who are, generally, uninfluenced by the motives, and hos- great evils against which the British school has to struggle; tile to the principles, which caused the people of Greece and this evil must be increased by every publication and Rome to patronize and cultivate the great style of which tends to lower the British artists generally, in the sculpture and historical painting in those countries? public opinion. Surely no true friend to the fine arts can

Some well-meaping men, in their honest zeal to advance augur a good from such divisious. To others we leave the interests of historical painting, are, with commendable the honorable task of excitement. We do not expect intentions, for taking a wrong course. They are of opin-perfection in human nature, and are friendly to the correcion that it is necessary to deprive the other branches of jou of abuses; but we conceive that the honor and inthe arts, of the public patronage, which they so deservedly terests of the Royal Academy, of the British Institution, enjoy, in the strange hope of transferring the public patron- and of the whole body of the artists, considered as the age, so taken away, to historical painting. I hey imagine British school--and its patrons, are one. They rest upon by decrying the former, that they shall be able to obtain the same broad basis; and whatever has a tendency to honor and reward for the latter. If this were merely an narrow that foundation to the mistaken views, prejudices, attempt to clothe the naked by stripping the clothed, with or passions of individuals, must eudanger the superstrucout any question of its fairness, we must admit the scheme ture, and prove injurious to all. In England, the human might be practicable; but it would be a woful mistake affections are the soil, in which the arts have lately taken to burn the cloth which we have, merely because it is not root, but rapidly flourished. They have had here an origin long enough to make suits for our whole family. We must similar to that, which the poets have assigned to painting not introduce a distaste for that in which we excel, be-in Corinth. The maiden, who procures by stealth a likecause we anxiously wish to create a public taste for that vess of that image, which love has engraved upon ber Inigh department of painting, in which we have British heart; the youth who possesses and hoards a similar treaartists, so capable of obtaining honor for themselves and sure; the wife, who places in her best apartments the red their country. Barry, exasperated by neglect, in his mo- semblance of her husband and children, the father, who ments of inconsideration, fell into this error. Certainly, decorates bis house with the portraits of his family; the is men were under the same necessity for historical paint. kindred, who, when death hovers over a beloved relative, ings as they are for nutriment, the project miglit answer; endeavour, with mournful anxiety, to snatch a memorial for a hungry company deprived of every other species of from the grave;—these are among the patrons of painting food, must eat of that wbich is placed before them, be it in this country. To the multitude who are influenced by

« 上一頁繼續 »