« 上一頁繼續 »
without knowing her own meaning. Her education is withstanding the subsequent repeated voyages. Of then complete; she enters the world with more diamonds Otaheite even, we can as yet be said to know but little than ideas, puts her face in circulation, talks good French beyond a few facts; at least not to reason upon, or draw and bad English, pays morning visits by moonlight, and inferences from their manners and customs, with any degoes to dinner when half the nation are going to bed. gree of certainty. Yet by a most whimsical delicacy on
Bot all these frivclities have a most awful object in the part of Peyrouse, and owing to something like a view. The whole is intended to conclude with an feeling of envy on the part of those who drew up his ineligible marriage; and for this great purpose, are routes, structions, the whole of that interesting part of the Soutlı and balls, and operas, instituted. These scem a sort of Sea, including the Society and Friendly Isles, was stupublic markets, where faces are put up for sale, and where diously avoided by the French Navigator, who, i bough he dealers in matrimony go to make purchases. The goods touched at the Friendly Islands, seemed more disposed to are therefore very properly exposed as much as possible, retit at New Holland, where our infant settlement was then nor can any customer complain that he has bought a blind almost in embryo. In short there seemed a jealousy on bargain. Here Lombard Street and St. James's meet to the part of France respecting the priority and the extent transact compacts of conveniency. The old jewels want of English discoveries over those of Bougainville ; whilst new setting, so an impoverished title and a plebeian plum Peyrouse himself, a short time before the unhappy catasenter into treaty; a balance is struck between rent-rolls trophe in which he and his companions are supposed to and family trees, and in due time, the coronet unites its have perished, actually wrote home to a friend boasting fate with the sugar hogshead.
that he had navigated the Southern Ocean for two years, These shops, then, as you may guess, drive a pretty without finding it necessary to visit the modern Cylherea lucrative trade, and exbibit a great choice of commodities of the English voyagers, so much talked of in all ContiFor, if one girl sets up with a capital of features, there is nental Societies. By that happy mode of reasoning, for another who carries on commerce at the piano; while a which Frenchmen are so famous, he seeins to have conthird, who happens to be only pleasant and ugly, puts sidered the not seeing it as an honour almost as great as herself in the department of saying good things. Mean that of discovering it. Yet Bongainville was there, and while, the lords of the creation, who had probably spent only a very few weeks after our Captain Wallis, so that the morning at Tattersall's, strut up and down the room, the honour of the discovery is, in fact, nearly divided examine paces and points, and at length select their pur- between the two nations. chase; which, though not warranted, is sure to be de That Voyagers, ignorant of the language, and only rescribed in all the prints, as a young lady "eminently cal- maining a few days at each newly discovered spot, where culated to render the marriage state truly happy.” Adicu. each day was either a day of hostility, or else a holiday,
could acquire much knowledge of a new people, is not to
be expected; indeed, the great cause of surprise and adCRITICAL ANALYSIS.
miration is that they have been able to learn so much; for
it is well deserving of attention that the details and inferAn ACCOUNT of the Natives of the TONGA ISLANDS, ences of the English navigators preceding Cook, and his own in the South Pacific Ocean, with a Grammar and Vocabu- likewise, have been generally confirmed by all subsequent lary of their Language. Compiled from the Communi- visitors. A new field is, however, now opened by the work cations of WILLIAM MARINER, by JOIN MARTIN, before us, drawn with much apparent industry and disM. D. 2 vols. 8vo.
crimination from the statements and answers of a young The scientific skill and nautical perseverance of our man lately returned from the great South Sea Archipelago, immortal circumnavigator, had left little to be added to where he had been nearly seven years a resident, and a the grand outline of Polynesian Cosmography. By his companion of the King of Tonga, the principal of that indefatigable researches the clamour of bold system had groupe distinguished by Cook and other navigators as been hushed, and even the murmurs of conjecture had the Friendly Islands. Mr. Mariner, thouglı leaving home beeu lulled to rest, through the whole extent of the Great at the early age of fourteen, had laid the foundation of a Pacific, from pole to pole; with the exception of a few good education at school, which appears to bave availed points of local geography in the vicinity of Japan, where him very much, in his observations throughout the course the Dutch, though commercial visitors for centuries, had of his eventful voyage, performed, partly, in the Port ou been precluded by the national jealousy of the Japanese, Prince, a private ship of war sent to the South Seas as a from adding any thing to the rude surveys of De Vries, whaler, and also as a cruizer against the Spaniards. After John De Gama, and a few other obscure voyagers. visiting the Sandwich Islands, and several other interThat Cook left nothing for discovery, is evident from the esting parts of that Ocean, the Port au Prince was capinstructions given by the French Board of Marine to the tured by the natives of Tonga, but not before a great unfortunate Peyrouse ; and by a reference to the charts of part of her crew had been murdered. Mr. Mariner and a that voyage, it is evident that his tracks, both north and few others were saved, and as he became the friend and south of the Equator, were a mere retracing of Cook's protege of the King, and accompanied him in all his footsteps, excepting only on the Japanese Coasts, where warlike expeditions, he had every opportunity of acquiring he had even been preceded by an English Seaman, Cap- much interesting information for the moralist, the philotain Broughton.
sopher, and the philologist. A desire for conquest seems to Yet our knowledge of the great South Sea, in a moral bave been one great incentive to the treachery of the napoint of view, and of some parts of New Guinea, &c. in tives ; and they speedily availed themselves of their new a geographical sense, is little more than an outline, not-weapons, acquired by the seizure of the ship, in attacking
all their neighbours. Their ideas of English artillery were, | manuscript of Montesquieu, forming three volumes, however, rather whimsical; for on one occasion being entitled Mes Pensées, and containing historical reflecfatigued with dragging the guns through heavy soil, they tions on the reign of Louis XI.: this fragment was supcursed not only them but all Englishmen for making them, posed 10 have been burnt a considerable time back. If asking why they were not made lighter, or why those we may put faith in the enthusiastic description given in who made them did not also make legs for them to walk a letter inserted in the present collection, the author of wish ?
L'Esprit des Lois was never more profound or energetic To follow Mr. Mariner, in our limited space, through than in this last production. M. Walknaer quotes several his very interesting adventures, or to give even a sketch maxims from this valuable manuscript; we select the of the information and amusement he affords us, is totally following, which ought to be engraved in front of the impossible; but he does not confine himself to mere ac- palace of every King : “ The flatterer is a slave, who is counts of the savages, for he also throws much light upon of no use to any Master.” the fate of the unfortunale Cook, and also of the Mis “Montesquicu," says the Editor of his posthumous sionaries who perished in those Islands. of Cook he works," begins the history of Louis XI. by sketching the heard much at Owyhee, and that was again confirmed to political situation of Europe, at the period when that him by some Sandwich Islanders whom he met at Tonga. Prince ascended the throne ; he proves how much it was They all agreed that the death of Cook was never in- in his favour, and that what is generally attributed to his tended, but that the fatal blow was inflicted by a newly understanding was merely the result of the circumstances arrived Indian, a stranger to his person ; for the other by which he was surrounded. He next points out the islanders believed him to be immortal. Nay it is asserted great and noble deeds which he might have performed, that they preserved and still worship his bones; what was and which he did not perform; because, (says M. Fayolle) brought off to the ships, as his remains, being the melan- be regarded the commencement of his reign only as the choly fragments of the other murdered bodies.
commencement of his revenge." The death of the Missionaries was produced by the
A dissertation by the Count de Caylus on a manuscript machinations of one Morgan, a fellow who had escaped of the thirteenth century, cannot fail to be read with infrom Port Jackson; but it appears, that the jealousy ofterest in M. Fayolle's work. It is curious to observe with the natives was much fostered by the silly mystery and what freedom writers of that period, though entertaining religious pride of these men, shutting themselves up the highest respect for religion, express themselves conwhilst celebrating their worship, instead of courting the cerving the ministers of the gospel and even of the Pope confidence of those they were sent to enlighten. This was himself. The author of this singular composition, entia fundamental error towards men so little better than tled the Court of Paradise, compares the splendours of children, that when they broke Mariner's watch, they Heaven to the solennities of the Earth; and the Court of brought him the pieces requesting him to put it together a King, such as it was usually held at that period, to the again and make it speak! On this part of the narrative, Court of the Deity in Paradise. Nothing is more simple (p. 62, vol. 1.), it must be added, that the mode in which or more patriarchal than a Court festival as described by anotbér Indian, who had been on board a French ship, the author. “It is proper to observe,” adds M. de Caylus, explained the principle of a watch as a' time-keeper, is that at that time Kings did not hold continual Courts: highly curious and interesting.
living retired amidst their families, and with very little The words of a song, (p. 307, vol. 1), preserved and pomp during the greater part of the year, they appointed translated by Mr. Mariner, afford a brilliant specimen of days on which they invited their subjects and even fotheir poetic taste and fancy—but our limits preclude fur- reigners, by heralds, messengers, or other means of conther notice, and we must close with observing, that the vocation, assuring them that they should be well received. investigator of nature, and of the human heart, and of the Notice was at the same time given of the number of days early history of man, will find a mass of entertainment in which the Court was to last; the four great festivals of these volumes which bear every mark of truth and authen- the year were always fixed upon, doubtless because peo. ticity, alike honourable to the narrator and to the learned ple were then less occupied in domestic business. Percompiler.
sons thus invited were lodged, boarded, and entertained at the Courts."
The estimable Tbomas, so dear to minds of a teader MELANGES LITTERAIRES, Composés de morceaux and serious turn, has furnished a remarkable letter in this inedits de DIDEROT, de CAYLUS, de THOMAS, de Ri-collection. Lavoisier, Diderot, M. Garat, and Madanie VAROL, D'ANDRE CHENIER, recueillis par M. Fayolle. de Stael, have likewise been placed under contribution. 1 vol. 12mo.
Aniong the observations of the last mentioned writer, we "The first and one of the most remarkable fragments recommend to the reflection of our critics the following composing this volume, is, without doubt, a dialogue at-truth which is daily demonstrated by contemporary litertributed to Rivarol, between Voltaire, Fontenelle, and ature : “ In France, there are too many bridles for steeds Lamothe. Academical follies are there attacked with a already tamed.” degree of spirit worthy the interlocutor who plays a part The poetry which is introduced at the end of this in the scene. The author of Zadig and the Philosophical pilation, does not form the most brilliant portion of it: Questions could not have infused more poignancy and the imitation of the satire of Juvenal against Messalina, spirit into a conversation.
which is by some attributed to Thomas, and by others to We are indebted to the efforts of M. Walkpaer, and to M. de Fontanes, .is alreally very well known. Some verses his indefatigable love of literature, for the discovery of a by the two Cheniers cannot claim much merit with respect
to novelty: particularly the classical discourse on descrip-|The nobility immediately thronged round him, and de
clared that the Promenade would soon be profaned, and Cerutti has sketched a portrait of Mirabeau, inserted that it would no longer be fit for their enjoyment, if the at the end of the collection, in which he says :
vulgar were suffered to frequent it, &c. “ To the power of action, Mirabeau joined the magic of “Gentlemen," replied Joseph, "if I were determined to speech; vehement and fascinating, he reproduced with new associate with none but my cquals, I nust transport myself vigoar those points he had discussed, and placed in the most into the vaults of the Monastery of the Capuchins, where brilliant light others which no one else had been able to per, my ancestors repose, and take up my abode with theni. ceive. The most remote consequences were calculated and approximated; every intricacy was seized and unravelled. He I love men, because they are men; I make no other dissurrounded every objection with a wall of argument, allowing tinction among them, and bave no other preference for none to escape or to be replaced by others. Decisive reasoning them except that which is due to their actions. Whosewas the predominant figure in his pictures ; with colouring ever thinks well and acts honourably, is entitled to my sometimes gloomy, expression sometimes illusory or exagge esteem. It must not be exclusively reserved for those rated, he occasionally subdued the prejudiced and roused the who reckon pone but Princes among their ancestors." lethargic. He extinguished or revived the passions at bis will, addressing himself to them to obtain their suffrage or
The wife of an officer having been presented to the their silence. Genius moved the orator, and the orator moved Emperor for the purpose of soliciting a pension, he asked the assembly. A happy phrase, a flash of light from his lips ber whether she had any children--"yes Sire, three young darting on the minds of the auditors, produced a revolution of ladies and two young gentlemen” —" and I,” replied ideas. He seemed to hold alternately in bis hand the prism Joseph, “ have had one daughter, but she is no more.” of Newton and the head of Medusa."
In 1773 as the Emperor was passing through Medwisch
in Transylvania, an aged woman caine up to him for the Joseph SECOND, Empereur d'Allemagne, peint par purpose of soliciting a discharge from the army for her Ini-meme. Avec un précis historique sur la vie de ce Prince. son, whom she had not seen for a long time. She thus Par M, R.
began: “good day to you, Mr. Emperor, I hope you enjoy Under the above title a work bas lately been published good bealth. How is your mother? Is she likewise well ?” at Paris, which contains the following anecdotes. Joseph replied to each of these questions, heard hier
As Joseph was once walking in the suburbs of Vienna, request, gave her some pieces of gold, and sent her away le bserved a crowd of persons collected round a cart well satisfied; then turning to his attendants he said: loaded with fire-wood. Curious 10 know the cause, he “This good woman is the only person who has spoken to questioved one of the spectators, and was informed that me of my mother during my journey. She shall see her the Inspector of the Barrier had stopped the countryman son in eleven days, and free from all military engageon suspicion of his having concealed tobacco among the ments.". wood, and insisted on his immediately unloading the cart. The Emperor, by an edict, granted permission to every The countryman, who regarded this as a loss of time and landholder, whose fields had been ravaged by Deer, and a very serious labour, earnestly intreated him to permit whose representations had not been attended to by the somebody to accompany him into the city, where he could Forest Courts, to destroy the animal. A countryman obtain satisfactory testimonies of his innocence; but the who had made repeated complaints, killed a superb Stag clerk would not listen to his supplications, and insisted which had been brought to Vienna for the amusement of on executing the order he had received to empty the cart. the Emperor, and which had frequently laid waste the The Emperor, who was concealed amidst the crowd, re- field of the poor farmer. He was immediately throwu mained for some time a tranquil witness of the dispute. into prison. The chief huntsman in dismay presented He at length sent for a subaltern officer and a few sol- himself before the Emperor, explained the circumstance, diers from the nearest Corps-de-Garde, and ordered them not forgetting to mention the detention of the criminal, to remain on the spot until the wood was entirely turned and requested to know the further orders of His Majesty. out. This being done, he enjoined them, in case the "My orders are," said the Emperor, "release the man, let peasant should be found guilty of fraud, to execute fifiy the Stag be sold and give him the produce of the sale of lashes across his shoulders; but if he were proved to be the animal by way of indemnity.” innocent, the refractory clerk was immediately to undergo A crime committed by a person of distinction, whose the same punishment, and to be obliged to reload the friends applied for a mitigation of the punishment which wood himself. These orders were executed. No tobacco he had but too well merited, served to make manifest the was found, and the Inspector after having reloaded the principles of Joseph, who replied: "The law must be exeeart of the poor countryman, who was besides iudemnified cuted on all individuals equally. He who did not blush for bis loss of time, received the fifty lashes.
to commit the offence, should not blush to expiate it. If Joseph entertained the greatest aversion for those dis- the law admitted of any difference in the chastisement tinctions which tend to withhold from the most numerous allotted to the same species of offeuce, the indulgence portion of society, advantages which ought to be com- ought not to be extended to those who have the fewest mon to all.
excuses to offer. Besides, virtuous and honorable actions Previous to his accession to the throne, the gates of being the more meritorious in the lower classes, where one the superb promenade called the Prater, were opened only may presume that education is least carefully attended to, to persons of distinction. Joseph wished that they should and the greatest privations are felt, they ought to be the be throwu open to every body, and caused these words to more highly recompensed.” be inscribed above the entrance to the promenade: In April, 1785, the Prince of Kaunitz, Chancellor of Place of Amusement, a treasure destined for every body. the Empire, completed his 74th year. The Emperor went
at seven in the morning to the Riding Scliool, where he home by Mr. Nisbet from Constantinople, and returned was certain of finding him. While, in conformity to the into the possession of Lord Elgin. orders of the Emperor his arrival was announced to the Mr. Hamiltov then produced two boxes of different Prince, he proceeded himself to the outer gate, where he sizes, sent to bim by Lord Elgin from Broomhall; agreereceived him saying: “ Happy the day which gave birth able to his Lordship's former promise, that he would send to the Prince of Kaunitz!” Surprised at this unexpected all the drawings of Turkish Costumes then in his possessalute, the worthy old man could not utter a single word sion at that place, in hopes that the originals of Mr. in reply. His gratitude was manifested only by a tear Tweddell might have been preserved amongst his own which dropped from his eye. The Emperor perceiving papers. this, added : " I know, my dear Kaunitz, that you
have The smaller of the two boxes contained ninety eight invited some good friends to pass this day with you; as drawings of costumes, chiefly Turkish, &c. and fourteen I am among the number of your friends, I shall not fail to other drawings or sketches of figures, chiefly Swiss; and wait upon you."
the Turkish name, and also a short explanation in French He and one of his suite having once lost themselves in at the bottom of each of the first ninety eight, were stated an excursion, they were, without being known, hospitably by Messrs. Moore and Heys, to have been in the late Mr. received in a house, the mistress of which apologized for Tweddell's band writing. Sixty of these were supposed being unable to bear them company, as she was anxious to be evidently the originals from whence Mr. Nisbets to see the Emperor, who was that day to arrive in the copies were taken. Canton. The strangers thanked her, and informed her, As the ninety eight drawings were admitted to have that as they belonged to the Emperor's suite, they could been Mr. Twendell's property; and it being thought proassure her ihat he bad not arrived at the place which she bable that the fourteen sketches, of costumes of countries mentioned.-"Well, then, gentlemen, in that case I will stay he had visited, and in the same box, had belonged to bim here and keep you company : I cannot suppose you would also, this box and its contents were given up to Mr. Robert deceive me.” They sat down to table, and discoursed on Tweddell's nominees. various subjects. But notwithstanding all the efforts of In the larger box were pencil drawings, and three portthe travellers to render the conversation agreeable, the folios of scenery, figures, and costumes from Naples and lady was so desirous to see the Emperor, that she con- other ports not visited by Mr. Tweddell. These also had the stantly made him the subject of discourse. She related name of the artist, Xavier Gatta, upon them, with other all she had heard of his probity, his compassionate hu- hand writing which bore no resemblance to Mr. Twedmanity, and all the excellent qualities of his heart and dell's; from whence all claim to them was given up by his mind." Finally,” added she, “this Prince is as accomplish- brother's nominees. ed as it is possible for man to be. This conviction makes Such is the substance of the declaration of Mr. Twed. me wish thus ardently to see him. You are certain, gentle dell's nominees, respecting the present stage of this so men, that he will not arrive here in less than two hours ?” much talked of affair. “ Yes, Madam.” The time advanced, and Joseph wishing VEGETABLE PHOSPHORUS.-A curious instance of to put an end to this scene, so gratifying to his heart, this is related by A. F. Mornay, Esq. in a letter to Dr. said : “So, Madam, you cannot be satisfied until you Wollaston, the learned Secretary of the Royal Society. have seen the Emperor ?”—“No, Sir, for I am convinced Mr. Mornay, whilst in Brazil, "had an opportunity of be is the only individual of his age, who unites so many viewing most accurately the very curious plant called good qualities in a rank so elevated.”—“ I can satisfy, in Cipo de Cunanam,” which is a climber, but destitute some measure, the obliging desire which you manifest, of leaves or prickles, and seems a species of Euphorbium. without your taking the trouble to go abroad. Look on When Mr. Mornay cut this plant with his hanger, in the this box-thie portrait is striking. Recognize the original dusk of the evening, the wounds inflicted presented a of this painting in the stranger to whom you have so cor- beautifully luminous line, which was not transient, but dially granted liospitality.” The lady, filled with astonish- lasted for several seconds, or a quarter of a minute. ment, fixed ber eyes upon the Emperor, who saluted her, Taking up a piece of the plant, he bent it in the dark and speedily departed.
until the skin cracked, when every crack shewed the same
light, of a phosphorescent appearance. He continued to VARIETIES.
bend the twig until the milky juice dropped out; when
each drop was a drop of fire, niuch like inflamed tallow TWEDDELL REMAINS.
when falling This curious controversy seems drawing to a close. An MUSIC.-Notwithstanding the boasted general improveexamination of several boxes has taken place before the ment of the present day, Dr. Crotch is of opinion, as nominees of Lord Elgin (William Hamilton, Esq. Under expressed in his opening lecture at the Surry Institution, Secretary of Stale), and of the Rev. Robert T'weddell that music, both in point of science and feeling, is on the (john Heys, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn, and Abraham Moore, decline. This he infers from the extraordinary increase Esq. of the Tempie), when one box was produced by of the love of ornament in that interesting study; but he Messrs. Heys and Moore, containing sixty seven draw- allows to Mozart the merit of intermingling both taste ings of costumes, chiefly Turkish, which they stated to and feeling, as well as sublimity, with the tickling sounds belong to Mr. Hamilton Nisbet, and to have been sent by that please the modern ear. In grandeur, he considers him to Mr. Robert Tweddell, as copies taken for the him to excel the Italians; but thinks him inferior to them former at Naples, from originals belonging to the late in the pathos of bis melodies. Mr. John Tweddell; which originals had been brought BALLOONS.- All our high-flying fashionables may short
ly be gratified in a trip by an air-balloon, should any of our fivished a large model of a groupe, representing Mars apspeculating traders in public amusements adopt the plan peased by Venus, which it is said will be one of the chefs of an artist on the Continent, Ruggieri, who has fitted up d'euvre of modern sculpture. It is destined for the Prince a balloon large enough to support one person on a car, and Regent of England. which is secured by a rope of sufficient length and extent, like a falcon, “ to lure it to its tassel back again." No
THE VALLEY ON THE BATTUECAS. doubt many of our gentle Julias would thus appear to fly NOTWITHSTANDING the establishment of the Convent from their adorers; while Benedicts might rather feel in- of the Quadernas, who, according to Madame de Genlis, clined to cut the cord, exclaiming with the poet of nightmare the legislators, friends, and physicians of this bappy “ The spider's thin attenuated thread
colony, it is certain that the old population has disappearIs cord, is cable, to the tender tie
ed, if indeed it ever existed. Monks are the only indivia Of earthly bliss."
duals remaining. The whole extent of habitable country The CARTOONS.--Aş Haydon, and other artists, are is surrounded by a wall more than a league in circumnow engaged in copying the Cartoons for their own pri- ference. In the centre of this inclosure stands the movate studies, we feel much disposed to recommend, that nastery. Many fountains are to be seen, which pious art complete fac-similes of these works of the Divine Raffuelle, has adorned with emblems. apd of others of the most prominent specimens of ancient The natural aridity of the soil does not prevent the culart existing in England, should be produced by the pen- tivation of cedar and cypress trees, the plantations of which cils of our most esteemed artists. This would facilitate are extremely beautiful. Here and there, in the most juvenile improvement, and ameliorate the public taste; picturesque situations, the Monks have built cells, in which whilst it would also guarantee us in some measure from the men, tired of the world, from time to time devote themeffects of time and accident with respect to what may just-selves to exercises of piety, and employ themselves for ly be considered as national monuinents of art.
several days together in mystic meditations. One of these FACTITIOUS DIAMONDS.—The recent improvements cells is formed in the trunk of an old cork-tree, the toin the blow-pipe are likely to open a wide field for art in liage of which still preserves its verdure. The Hermits, the manufacture of precious stones, as some of the hardest who declaim most loudly against worldly vanities, are inare easily fusible under its influence. Two rubies, one vited to enter it. The laconic inscription, Morituro satis, with a tolerable degree of colour, and the other nearly is placed over the threshold. Besides these occasional limpid and white, were melted by Dr. Clarke, into a bead hermits, others have established themselves at fixed posts of a pale piuk colour. This rapidity of fusion will enable on the sides and heights of the mountain. These last the experimentalist to repeat and vary his process in an derive their subsistence from a species of industry pecuextreme degree upon substances scarcely acted on by the liarly their own. They make very pretty articles with the common methods.
bark of the cork-tree, and these productions are circulated CHEMICAL COLORS.-Though English enterprize and about the country. ingenuity do much for science, and its application to use. LEARNED PRECOCITY.—The French Academicians ful purposes; yet Government might do much in the di- boast much of the precocity of a young man, a Mons. rection of enterprize. Some of Btrthollet's finest disco-Villemain, who, at 22, gained the prize for an elaborate veries were made whilst investigating the processes of essay on Montaigne; and recently, at 27, received another French manufacture; and Sir Humphry Davy's talents for the best eulogy on Montesquieu. By accounts from might be most usefully directed towards many points gene- Paris, they seem to consider him as a second Chrichton, rally beneficial, like his admirable Safety Lamp for coal at least in the field of Literature. Ile lectures on English mines. The talents of such a man are well employed in History and Politics, to the great delight of the Parisians ; investigating the theory of that manufacturing process in and was a Professor at the age of 20! printing cottons where the Turkey red dye is discharged David still retains bis reputation at Paris ; for his last by the chlorine of lime dissolved in water, and decompos- picture of Leonidas he has refused a sum equal to 2500l., ed by the sulphuric acid, but now superseded, by a very and demands 100,000 francs for this admired specimen recent discovery, by the chloride of alumina, which has of his pencil. no deleterious effect on the texture of the stuff or cloth The French assert, that some wise Englishman bas given exposed to it.
100 Louis d’ors for Napoleon's arm-chair from Malmaison. On this subject, a correspondent hints that the oxyda- This is even more than some of our wise Saints at home tion of metals, aud consequently the change of metallic lately paid for the relics of Saint Huntington, a S.S. colours, may proceed more from the influence of Light The actual Throne on which the beautiful bar-maid of than of Air. We shall present our readers with a most the Café aur Mille Colonnes, in the Palais Royal, receives curious theory on the Effects of Light, in a subsequent the adoration and homage of the Parisian Beaux, was, a number.
years ago, the Throne of the Vice-Roy of Italy ! It is a singular circumstance, that none of the Almanacks Its original cost was about Gool.; but its value fell with notice the now returning direction of the magnetic needle that of its master, and it was purchased for one-third of towards the North ; in the year 1657 it pointed due the price. North, but has been 160 years increasing in declination
ITALIAN LITERATURE. Westward : last year it attained a declination of 25°, and The lovers of Italian Literature will be happy to learn then became stationary; and it is now receding back again that they may shortly expect a more correct edition than to the North.
has ever yet appeared, of the Dirina Comedia of Dante. They write from Rome, that the sculptor Canova has M. Bagioli, already favorably known as the author of an