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lished, and re-published, as a Sunday piece of Paris. In our Theatres, gold and diamonds | ed, there is a French theatre established in breakfast-table instruction, by a club of mo- glitter in the lower boxes, grace and elegance London for the fashionable classes of society ralists, who processed to imitate the Specia- are to be seen in the second tier, and bloom- who pique themselves on thoroughly undera tors and Tatlers, and modestly attempted to ing complexions and gentility in the upper standing our language. To this place the pass their base counterfeits as equal in value circles; but in London the audience is all public are not admitted. It was established to the sterling coin of Addison and Steele, hy alike in appearance. The reason is obvious: by subscription and the theatre belongs enfamiliarly designating the latter their illus- the boxes are all rated at one price.

tirely to the subscribers. Our critical tratrious predecessors." Their slander is aggra

The author says nothing new concerning veller spares neither the performers nor the vated, by its deliberale re-publication, and is Drury Lane and Covent Garden: without repertory of this company. One actress only rendered still more offensive by the vulgar stopping therefore to notice the description corresponded with his ideas of grace. The indecency, with which, in the vilest ternis, which he gives of them, we will proceed im- following trait will induce the reader to suh. the street prostitutes of London and the mediately to Sadler's Wells which is a Theatre scribe to the praises which he bestows on this writer's country-women are not only asso- of the second order. This place is styled the young adept's presence of mind. Being on ciated as relative terms in the same sentence, Aquatic-Theatre, and is almost exclusively the stage with one of her companions who but as beings alike in mind and inclinations, devoted to Harlequinades; it is however fre- suddenly forgot her part, she immediately and only different in circumstances. quently attended by the goud society of observed her deficiency, and exclaimed in a A NEW EXAMINER.

London, who laugh'heartily at the pretty loud tone of voice with great volubility; SIX MOIS À LONDRES: Par l'uuteur de things brought forward for their amusement.

“Ab! my dear, are you out in your part? Quinze Jours à Londres.

If we may judge of their taste from the don't furry yourself. I will go on with mine. In the 8 Ith number of the Literary Gazetle, analysis given by the author of a piece at|lf such a misfortune should occur again, talk a short account was given of this work; but present in favour, we are entitled to say that to me of the rain or fine weather; impart a the following article from a Paris paper will ihey are not very fastidious with regard to little vehemence to your delivery, and our make our readers better acquainted with jokes.

audience will be done the wiser: these the contents of this book, which appears re This piece, which is entitled London and people come here only to make it be supposed markable for its misconceprions, and noisrc- Paris, has not furnished its author with a they understand us." The actress followed presentations, if not wilful falsehoods. The single good epigram. Instead of opposing her advice and the piece proceeded amidst article may also afford some amusement the manners of France to those of England, lousi applause. This was indeed an excellent as a specimen of the Review of a foolish au- he has contrived nothing better than to piece of mystification. thor by an ignorant Critic.

convey bis Harlequin and the spectators al London is the paradise of artists who wish “The success of one work does not always ternately to Paris and London : on one occa- !o get rich. They must indeed idolize a city guarantee the success of another; and the sion only the scene represents a French Res in which they acquire such large fortunes, author of a Fortnight in London, who wrote a taurateur and an English Tavern; but neither that an actress (Miss O'Neill) has paid very amusing pamphlet on his rapid glance interest nor gaiety arises from this junction. 144,000 francs as her portion of the contribuover the Capital of England, returns less In the eyes of the English public, the de- tion known by the name of the income tax. happily to the same subject. Our laudable nouement may possibly compensate for all Before we take leave of the theatres we must curiosity can be satisfied only by a profound defects; it is as follows:

not forget to mention a very ludicrous cus study of society; but for this purpose sir It will be recollected that the late General tom : the English do not suffer play-bills to months are as insufficient as a fortnight ; this Pillet published a work upon England of be placarded about the streets; in order to study is much more difficult in England than rather a satirical cast: the author of the have them read, it is therefore necessary to in France. In Paris, for example, an ordin-piece in question has taken upon himself distribute them in different shops. Our auary share of merit and agreeable manners ihe task of punishing hiin. An actor in thor declares that as he was once passing a serve as an introduction to every house, 1 the dress of a French General is brought butcher's shop, be observed an opera-bill, one had almost said to every heart: such un- upon the stage, and it is insisted that he end of which was fastened to a leg of mutton limited confidence is exercised that a single shall ask pardon of the English ladies, who, and the other to a loin of veal. We leave day will suffice to see and become acquainied it is said, 'were calumniated by the General. this fact to the responsibility of the traveller. with all. As to general observations, they The actor who performs this character obeys, (This we fear cannot be disputed.) are quite as easily collected: every thing though his submission does not exempt him We next proceed to notice fashionable proceeds openly in society: those who do not from a very rigorous chastisement: this, it routs. This species of entertainment consee must absolutely close their eyes. In must be confessed, is noble vengeance. But sists in assembling together five or six hunEngland, on the contrary, a foreigner solicits wbat crime did General Pillet commi'? dred persons, who crowd through a suite of long and almost always unavailingly, to gain What did he say? What did he do? He elegantly furnished apartments. This cusa footing of intimacy with those to whom he observed that the English women were de- tom is beginning to gain ground in Paris. It is recommended: none of those small agree- ficient in grace and more particularly in will be needless to follow the author to one able parties are formed in which wit and gaicty what the French term tournure: well, the of these parties at Lady A-s, as the review are displayed without restraint. No one author of six months in London is no less cul- of the company present presents nothing comprehends that succession of visits made pable; he even denies the power of charm. reniarkable. We must not however omit to and received which fill up our evenings so ing to the pretty nymph whose head is mention one little anecdote: the lady of the agrceably; visitors are never admitted, or al trust ivrward, whose shoulders are forced house being convinced of the impracticability least only in crowds.

towards her bosom, who walks- like a gre- of paying personal attention to seven huoOur author introduces none of his travel- nadier who has never been taught to march, dred guests, ordered her carriage and drove ling-companions to the acquaintance of his and who has not learned to regulate the off to spend the evening with an intimale readers, excepting a Gascon who is journey- motion of bis arms. With regard to taste, friend, without ever being missed by the ing to London for the purpose of ieaching it is still worse. If in Paris a flower is placed party she had left behind her. French pronunciation. He commences bis in a cap, all the caps in London are im The chapter entitled, It is a mistake, is calcourse of observation with the Italian Opera. mediately loaded with tulips and roses, and culated to excite some suspicion of the hoIt is scarcely necessary to repeat that no a lady's head assumes the appearance of a nesty of English shopkeepers. The chapter person is admitted to this Theatre except in Mower-woman's basket. It feathers happen on the courts of law gives rise to an equally full-dress; that the representation is pro- to be fashionable in France, every hat in unfavourable opinion of debtors. If we may longed until after midnight, excepting on England is covered with them, and the credit our author, a false oath is a matter Saturdays, when the necessity of not en- women look like Andalusian mules. Thus, about which they concern themselves but croaching on Sunday morning usually oc- to the great mortification of Frenchmen little if it will enable them to get rid of a casions an abridgment of the perforniance. who cross the channel, our fashions are triding debt. Among the ludicrous causes The assemblage of spectators presents a very scarcely recognizable.

with which these courts are sometimes occudifferent aspect from what may be seen in la addition to the theatre above-mention-pied, we may notice an action brought by a

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young lady with a view to break off an in

Baron Von Stackelberg, one of the down to the latest publication on the subject tended marriage; she alleged that after the well-known Society of Travellers in of civil architecture, as the purest model of signature of the contract, her future husband Greece, intends to publish a work on

a public building which ever came from the was continually dispuling with her concern- the Athenian earthen vases, which will all other buildings of antiquity, that which

hands of man; and as such it is, perhaps, of lish laws authorize a husband to correct his coutain 72 plates.-Mr. Cockerell, who has the least suffered from the ravages of wife. This subject of conversation at length will soon leave Rome, and return through barbarian invaders, or of sacrilege under the disgusted the young lady and she took the Germany to England, is now employed mask of religion; and within the few last road to Gretna-Green with a lover less versed in forming a group of the Statues on the years I am happy to learn, that what the in the ler matrimonii.

frontispiece of the Temple at Ægina, in inevitable hand of time and wanton mischief Those who have read M. Levis's excellent the same manner as he has arranged the would have destroyed, has been preserved for any new details on benevolent institutions in family of Niobe at Florence.-The Prus- by the

transfer of some of its choicest porthe pamphlet now before us. Certainly no sian architects, Messrs. Gan and Limann, tions of sculpture to your happy and sea-girt city in the world contains so many asylums are publishing an etching of the plan isle. open to distress as London; but the extreme and elevation of the Museum Clemen What, then, can be more worthy of a nainequality of fortunes renders even these nu-tino-Chiaramonte.- Prince Poniatowsky, tion; how can she more nobly celebrate the merous charities insufficient. One cannot at Rome, is going to print a Catalogue heroic deeds of her warriors, than by raising but approve of the benevolent views of the raisonnée of his rich collection of founders of these establishments; but what

gems. must we think of that multiplicity of lotte- |- The French architect, Mr. Paris, who portions, another glory of the civilized world, ries, the proprietors of which are all under has spent several years at Rome, and sanctuary of a purer religion ; and by these the protection of government

dedicated his leisure almost exclusively means perpetuate to the latest posterity the It would perhaps have been better had our to the Coliseum, and parts adjacent, has knowledge of a building which was the boast night in London. That light and spirited lie will probably publish a work author written nothing more than his Fort- now returned to his own country, where of a country, the nurse of all that was great

in arms and in arts; and from which we sketch which announced no pretension, was ihose finest ruins in the world. The glory to derive all our philosophy, all our favourably received, but the wit and gaiety of the author seems not to have been proor little chapel and hermitage in the Co- morals, all our taste, all our love of liberty,

all our eloquence, all our poetry; in short, against a six months' residence."

liseuin are pulled down, and the former all that is good, except what came imme

is removed under a hioder arch of it. diately from Heaven-our religion? And FINE ARTS.

Excavations have now been commenced who shall say that in so doing, you are mere

at Palestrina, about the Temple of Sely imitatores, seroum pecus ? Which of the SCULPTURE, &c.

rapis.--The discoveries of well-preserved best orators in either of your Houses of Parup of the very ancient Urns and Sarco- said he had made last year, are still in poet whom you could style an imitator of

ROME, 271h MARCH.-The digging statues, which an inhabitant of the place liament would not glory to be called an imiphagi about "Albano, is diligently con- volved in obscurity. The spot which he Homer? Which of your great historians, tinued. Their form is rude, representing mentions, gives indeed reason to enter though the best confessedly which modern sometimes little towers, sometimes strange tain hopes : it lies near Mezza Silva, a Europe has produced, can be compared with little houses, in the shape of an oven. domain of the house Barberini, 12 miles Thucydides, or Herodotus? Who of your

These are found, of the most various from Palestrina, where the Villa of Seja-I could he lecture like Socrates; or imitate sizes, filled with ashes and bones ; and mus is supposed to have stood. The Xenophon in transmitting to posterity the the opening is closed by a lid, which is neighbourhood is unfortunately very un- lectures of his master? Èven in mathemafastened with brass pins. Round about, safe, which ipipedes the making of re- tics, wherein we have advanced beyond our and also within some of them, are pieces searches,

masters, on the road they pointed out to us, of amber, little shields, swords, lances,

THE INTENDED NATIONAL who does not wish to imitate Euclid in the and clasps of metal, pots, lamps, and


clearness of his expositions; Archimedes in tripods. The material of which these

To the Editor.

the sublimity of his genius? And if I am in sarcophagi or urns are composed, is not

Paris, April 17. one instance obliged to travel out of Greece, burnt earth, but, according to appear

SurI have just seen and read with great because no single country can offer me a ance, a mixture of earth and mineral pleasure, the letter which appeared in your suitable prototype, I bow with pleasure to -pitch, or coals. What is most remark- model of the Parthenon' of Athens, on the say, that even your immortal Wellington has

of the 12th instant, recommending the the greatness of unrivalled genius when I able is, that in order to find them, one occasion of erecting a monument in the envi- imitated Alexander in his daring marches, must dig first through a layer of Pepe- rops of London to commemorate the triumphs Hannibal in his intrepidity, Cresar in his rino, and then a thick stratum of earth; of the British arms during the late eventful perseverance and the never-failing resources so that it is evident that they have been struggles.

of his mind, and Scipio, as well in the deciburied under a stratum of lava, like I cannot figure to myself a more just and sive victories he has gained, as in the unHerculaneum and Pompeii. Now since, appropriate idea, and I trust sincerely, as an spotted purity of his heart.

But though all this, and more, may be according to the tradition, Ascanius admirer of the fine arts, that it will be carried granted to the superiority of Greece, it may founded his new city on the Lake of into effect.

still be objected that a Temple is not suited Castel Gondolto, (the extinguished Vol The Parthenon of Athens, with whose to commeinorate triumphs of arms. Here, cano of the place, the antiquity of these proportions and general effect we are here too, I must have recourse to procedents from things must be placed farther back than more tamiliar, I believe, than you are in the ancient would: and the Parthenon itself the Trojan war, however averse one may London, from the models of it which have is a ready and direct evidence to the conbe to allow this. The Archæological haps as from a certain veneration for all that metopes of the Temple than the triumphs of

been long exhibited in this city, as well per-trary; for what else is represented on the Society at Rome, has already begun to was Greek or Roman, which the early friends Theseus and Hercules over the barbarous examine all these remains; and we may of the revolution attempted to instil into us nations in the vicinity of their country, diexpect very divided opinions, and violent as a nation, has ever been considered, froin rectly or allegorically represented? or the disputes on the subject.

the earliese periods since its construction triumphs of the Lapithæ over their unciviliz

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ed enemies? Can we conceive that, when nine foreign and two English views. This but one exception. The light, in 244, the Pericles was straining every nerve to prevail | artist, if we do not err, early obtained, in the chapel of St. Bruno, near La Grande Charupon his countrymen to brave the expenses amateur circles, by the pure taste of his treuse, is somewhat broken, although the of building this Temple, he did not remind drawings, the name of the Italian," or view is very romantic. But his is not the them of the illustrious deeds of their anees-ClauDE LORRAINE SMITH. Yet he cannot sultry day, or glowing sun-shine of summer, lors—their victories over the Persians that be termed, like others, a tame purloiner of He places before us the clear, cool sky, and he did not tell them that other monuments Claude's bridges, or groves and distances. pure atmosphere of a fine day in Spring; of their greatness niight fade away; but that There is no imitation whatever of Claude's and all those, who are not bigotted to a powthis, of inimitable beauty, of unrivalled forms or objects in his performances. It is erful manner, and who can discover, in styles strength, would present to unborn ages the in the insinuating harmony of his gentle the most opposite, an according principle of fairest and proudest record of their glory, transitions, alone, that the resemblance beauty, or grandeur, suited to each, will feel their patriotism, their pre-eminence, and lies. This fiue principle, in Mr. Smith's the charming simplicity of those prospects. their wealth?

landscapes, most probably originated in a Amateurs, who look not beyond the surface, The Temple of Theseus, too, the second conformity of taste; but, even if he did to principles; and who can see no beauty ornament of Athens, was specially intended adopt the principle, it is combined with but in high colouring and forcible masses, to combine the grateful memory of Theseus, original conceptions and materials, which will hasten to “ metal more attractive." In the early benefactor of Athens, with those of make it all his own. This artist aims at a addition to the pleasure which we receive Miltiades, one of her greatest generals, and particular excellence; and accomplishes it from their merits, we are pleased because his son Cimon, who, after his victories in successfully, without bustle or ostentation. Mr. Smith's works afford a diversity of style. the Ægean, transported to Athens the bones He does not seek to catch the Spectater, by Whenever we look round an Exhibition of Theseus, which had been deposited at an exaggerated contrast and richness of co- Room, and see, in the works of a number Scyros. The temple of Venus at the Piræus, lour; or a factitious depth and abrupt op- of artists, one manner of penciling, however also,- for what national purpose was it position of light and shade. Nor does he broad and masterly; one choice of tints, howerected, but to celebrate the memory of confound us with the murkiness of night, in ever rich in splendour and union; one preConon's great naval victory near Cnidos? three parts of his landscape, to set off a fare dailing tone, however harmonious; and one

But I am unwilling, Sir, to trespass farther of brightness, in a conspicuous quarter. He principle of composition, however scientific; on your patience than merely to suggest, is a mild historian, who describes the agree- we cannot help recalling King PyrnHus's that though the Romans occasionally de- able scenes of which he was an eye-witness, apprehension, in the moment of his first viated from the practice of the Greeks, and with an easy unaffected perspicuity and a victory over the Romans, and we endeavour raised inferior monuments, such as columns modest amenity, that cannot fail to obtain to forget that it was a someness of thinking and triumphal arches, still in Rome, as well attention and give pleasure, even amidst a and execution, which, even in an age of geas in Athens, Temples were erected in honour number of proud and dignified competitors. nius and patronage, produced the bravura of of military triumphs: Marius huilt the temple Their deeper tones and impassioned elo-manner that first corrupted, and rapidly of honour and bravery in memory of the quence sway us, in their turn; but, with a accelerated the downfall of the Italian School. defeat of the Teutones and Cimbri, and calm, distinct, and pleasing voice, and the No. 97, Ross, in Herefordshire, by Mr. Pompey dedicated a similar building to Mi-conscious power of simple truth, he obtains Joshua Cristall, is about the size of an 8vo. nerva, to commemorate his victories in Asia. possession of his audience. His drawings page; and dashed off with a sketchy, tasteNON GALLUS-NON ANGLUS. are delicate; but sufficiently forcible for their ful spirit; but much too slight and untoued

small size. A greater depth of shadow would for an exhibition picture, by so distinguished PAINTING.

be, in some degree, if not altogether, incom. an artist. It is one of those sprightly crudi

patible, with his open light. His touch, his ties, which a master, whose hand is vainly PAINTINGS, IN SPRING GARDENS. colour, his effect, whatever depends upon endeavouring to keep pace with the rapid On Monday last the Exhibition was open- taste and selection, are in felicitous union march of his mind, runs off at once, rather ed to the Public; and the arrangement is with his subject. In this silent accord of as a memorandun for himself, than a finishgenerally judicious, although some few pic- the scene, the thinking, and the style, con- ed performance. The figures are cleverly iures, which required a near view, are un-sists the spell, which, without any of the designed, but the handling is too large for avoidably placed too much above the eye. more imposing and palpable instruments of so small a sized picture, even if it were a The industry of some Artists is rendered art, steals upon our feelings. The correct- fanciful effusion; and the forms are 100 more creditable, by what is supposed to be ness of his perspective, the simplicity of his undefined for that identity, which is essenthe implied indulence of others. Mr. C. V. execution, the silvery brightness and tran- tial to a local view. It may be considered a Fulding has exhibited 32 pictures; Mr. J. quillity of his tones, and the utter absence of drop hastily spilled from a vessel overflowing Glover 21; and Mr. Robson' 25: eleven ar- all trick and affectation, in the grouping of with a precious liquor; a crumb fallen from tists 10

more than one each; fourteen his objects, give a local identity to bis views, a rich man's table, which cannot diminish but two cach, and fourteen but three which, at once, fixes the eye of a classi- bis wealth or reputation. The worst of it cach. So that three artists have contri- cal Spectator. Many of his prospects on is, that this play of a powerful mind, when buted 78 pictures out of the 303, which is the continent have an historical interest, placed in an exhibition-room, may have the whole number in the room; and thirty- and generally include an agreeable or ro-libe ill effect of causing Students to reckon nine artists only 81.-We are, by no means, mantic view of a city and the surrounding too much on speed and facility, and even to inclined, in all cases, to consider the greater country; diversified with water; but not look upon the art itself as a play-thing. number as the better; but, certainly, he who richly wooded. They possess, in the highest 74. Lalona and the Lycian Peasants. In produces only a few pictures, unless they degree, a diffusion of light; an excellence, this graud composition, which we underpossess s:perior excellence, furnishes some which sets off every other excellence in a stand is his first large work in oil colours, Mr. reason for an opinion not very favorable to landscape; and constitutes like the freshness Cristall appears in his

proper element. Alhis professional ardour. In so numerous a of a flower, its most delicious charm. Mr. though he has borrowed his story from Ovid, collection there must be many degrees of Smith has many able rivals, in this particu- he has had to invent the whole of his mate merit, and not a few failures; but, on the lar; but we know of no superior. He is, in rials; and the fire of his rich and elevated whole, at any period, and particularly in the the fullest sense, a painter of day-light. His imagination, which is too much restricted in present discouragenient and stagnation of light is not confined to any particular place, the mere identities of local transcription, public business, this exhibition would be an to give value to some favourite spot or object shines forth in all its glory. With a purity honor to the exhibitors. Our restricted His shadows from the accuracy of his reflec- of taste, visible in all his designs, he has limits, necessarily, confine us, in our con- tions are illuminated : and, notwithstanding chosen the moment before the transformation tinuation of this review, to general obser- his light is every where ; owing to the fine of the peasants; and, thereby, avoided the vations, and a notice only of particular pic- gradation of his local tints, his objects are in vulgar exlibition of monsters, partly frog tures. Mr. Join SMITH, the President, has perfect subordination and repose. We make and partly huinan. Latona kneels beside the

The aro wat the ber pea tec leu imp met The Her her

the COTE the


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stream; her figure is averted from the threat-| feet and hands. A third stands behind these cessary to multiply images in the libraries, aad ening clowns who have repulsed her from two in the stream. A fourth, holding a family portraits in the collections which were the current, and her countenance turned to- reaping hook, points forbiddingly to the made of them. Atticus had already made a wards them, with a look of calm and digni- goddess. Three more young peasants are pretty large collection of portraits in a volume, fied expostulation. She shelters, within the pressing on behind, with taunting gestures; iconogtaphic

collection of his illastrionis men haven of her arms, her twin children. One, followed by an old man. A young man, the infant Apollo, who is seen in profile, seated on the opposite bank, has one foot in what was called the invention of Varro, inven

to seven hundred. But shall we believe that bends his neck to drink from her hollow the water. The stream here is so very nar- tum Varronis, an invention which Pliny extols palm the water which she had raised in her row, that this last groups with his obstrepo- in the most extravagant terms, was limited to hand; the other, the infant Diana, has rous comrades. He is seen, undraped, in a forming a collection of portraits drawn or co. wholly hid her face within the refuge of her back view; and the painter has shewed in loured? We see that Atticns had done this bosom. Her yellow hair above her should- the anatomical details, that his studies at the before him. But the increase of the number is ers, the head and figure of the latter, are Royal Academy were not thrown away. The not an invention. Will it be said that Varro's seen in a back view. The painter has turn of his head to the old man and the ac- invention consisted in not confining his collecgiven Latona “ digna Dea fucies," and the tion of his extended hand imply that he is tion to a single copy, and in having various copies antique grandeur and beauty of her counte- reasoning the case with him ; and we may made of the images contained in it? But neinance might well have made her the choice suppose that the Senior is averse to their un- ther is this an invention; for at all times, and of Jode. The expression of anger and re- manly proceeding. There are nine peasants multiplied by copying them. Would Pliny say

in every branch of the arts, works have been proach is designed in the same great style; in this group, sufficiently varied, without the of'so vulgar à method“ Inventor muneris etiam so chastened as to lose no part of her ma- ostentation of Venetian contrasts ; eight are diis invidiosi." “ An invention of which the jestic character in the violence of passion. in action; the ninth, the sitting figure, bar-Gods themselves might be jealons; which makes It is a deep movement of the soul which we monises the effect of so much motion, by a great men triumph over death and time, and read in her look. This sedate majesty is due balance of action and repose. W.C. not only gives them immortality, but by every diffused over her whole person and attitude.

We are obliged to postpone the conclu where dispersing their images makes the whole There is a noble grace in the action of her sion of this article till our next Number.

world enjoy their presence in the collections arm and hand, with which she gives the

which contain them." Quando immortalitatem water to the thirsty lips of her child; and


non solum dedit, verum etiam in omnes terras the beauty and spirit of the two-fold action, ExtraCT OF A REPORT MAVE TO THE ROYAL (Plin. lib. xxxv. cap. 2.) Assuredly the idea of

misit, ut presentes esse ubique et claudi possent. her countenance turued back addressing the ACADEMY OF THE FINE ARTS AT PARIS, BY A sending volumes to different countries could peasants, and her hands in an opposite di- SPECIAL COMMITTEE, ON A COLLECTION

never coostitute an invention. rection, employed in the offices of maternal LITHOGRAPHIC prints BY M. ENGELMANN. tenderness, display one of those quick It has always been matter of surprise that the It is therefore very probable that some impulses of the heart, which, in a'mo- ancients, though they made a multitude of works method of multiplying images, either drawn or ment of danger, inspires a mother with cut either hollow or in relief, on wood, on me. coloured, was the foundation of Varro's discothe highest power of natural eloquence. tals and on hard stones, and having necessarily very, and that this process, which might be Her close drapery is of bright crimson, and taken impressions of all the objects thus cut, something very different from engraving on her mantle of bright blue; the folds of did not invent either printing or engraving copper, has not come down to us. lu fact, it

There is perhaps less reason to wonder than is impossible to guess how many equivalents for which are disposed with breadth, to show has been supposed, if it be true that necessity engraving there may be. The Egyptians had the forms which they cover. This group is the mother of almost all inventions. The processes of this kind which are no longer used. considered in parts, singly, or altogether, fills ancients had much less to read than the moderns, The celebrated passage of Petronins, whether the mind of ihe spectator; and gives an and in proportion they wrote and read much we read Egyptiorum or substitute for it, the exalted opinion of the painter's genius. Il less. Their way of life, their political employ- word Ectyporum, implies ao abridged process of exhibits the Raphaelic principle, a union of ments, the public exercises, the games and spec- painting. How many others still remain to be ideal grandeur in the forms, and whatever tacles, kept the men almost constantly out of discovered! New means of multiplying works belongs to the invention and disposition; their houses. The demands of commerce, taste will doubtless be found, as the necessity for with a chaste simplicity and truth in the and knowledge did not require those communi. them shall be felt. In the present state of manexpression of the passions and affections of cations between all the parts of the ancient ners, every house, every room almost is a larger nature. This elevated union is the leading world, which exist in our times. The means ot or smaller collection of engravings; and the feature in Cristall's figures ; of which his multiplying books by manuscript copies were quantity of works which reqaire plates is num

berless. Hence the increase of the deinand inShepherds fishing, and his Village Girl, with

The state of things was very different at the creases the want, and this calls more and more a water vessel at a rustic fountain, exhibit-revival of the Arts and Sciences in Europe. for methods of multiplication and ecouomy. ed some years ago, were striking instances. In proportion as the

zeal of the learned re- New processes may therefore be expected to be Neither were raised above the character of produced the works of the ancients, it was not discovered. Such a process is Lithography, of ordinary life; yet each united with the merely a few men of learning, but all civilized the origin of which some account is given in No. homely garb and simplicity of rustic occu-vations who desired to share in these discove- XII. of the Literary Gazette. The writer of pation, à certain tranquillity of movoment ries. An economical method of copying might that article does not appear however to have and gentleness of disposition, which gave a be expected to rise from the extraordinary de. been aware of the very high degree of perfecclassical purity and elegance to the whole. mand for Copiers, and as the latter grew more tion to which tliis admirable invention hias been In this picture, there is nothing forced or extravagant in their demands, necessity led to already brought. Some years ago, we rememvulgar in the rusticity of the peasants. Their the discovery or rather to the observation of ber to have seen in Germany numerous produccharacter is truly Virgilian; and even

what had hitherto escaped attention. As soon tions of this new art, both original drawings and

as books were multiplied by the art of printing, copies from celebrated pictures of the old mastheir savage intention, although distinctly it became equally necessary to multiply the ters. The characteristic trnth with which this marked, is expressed in a mitigated images which formerly could be inserted in art reflects, as in a mirror, the peculiarities of wne, and a subdued violence. The fore-them, only by the slow and expensive process every different style and species of composition nost stands in the stream with

one of painting or drawing. Then Mazzo Fini- render it highly worthy of attention. We have fuot advanced on the brink, to prevent guerra, an engraver at Niello, applied to this lately seen at Mr. Boosey's in Broad Street the approach of Lalonu. He stoups down, multiplication, now become necessary, the some numbers of a Lithographic collection pob. pointing to the water with one hand, and method which he employed to obtain impres- lished at Munich, from which a judgment may with the palın of the other turned towards sions of his works; and which had not yet been be formed of what may reasonably be expected her, rudely motions her to be gone. He is applied to drawing for books. Hence arose from it when further improved. Among them

we observed landscapes after Ermels and Rem. speaking; and bis gestures and action plain- engraving on copper. ly tell the story. Close beside hin, one of

I have often thought, says Mr. Quatremère brandt, historical compositions after various his boisterous companjons stands down in

de Quincy, " that the ancients employed masters, as for instance, a large one of a dead

some similar process, particularly at Rome, Christ, and many figures, after Vandyk, &c the stream, and muddies it with his staff, when the taste of amaicurs had rendered it nc- &c. It is probably to be ascribed to the long

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wars and the convulsed state of Europe, that after an impression was taken. Mr. Engelmaun / so fully impressed upon the public, that any
this art has hitherto been so little known and has obviated this also: new proofs may be taken observation, here, may be deemed superflu-
practised in England and France. In the latter off for a trial; the design may then be contin Yet we cannot be wholly silent. The
conutry, Mr. Engelmann, who had a Lithogra- ued, the weak parts strengthened, those that ineffable disdain, with which he addressed
phic establishment at Muhlhausen, has now seem too black made lighter, and the whole com: the Populace, and their Tribunes, before, and
formed one at Paris, which the Royal Academy pleted by giving it the greatest degree of when, soliciting their votes for the consul-
of the Fine Arts has, on a view of some of his strength and the highest finishing.
performances, recommended to the special pro There are various Lithographic processes: dared “the steep Tarpeian death ;” and pro-

ship; the heroic bravery with which he tection of the government.

some that resemble engraving on copper or We cannot give a full description of all the wood. For these as well as for the description nounced sentence of banishment upon the details of the Lithographic process, because a of the press, and for all the little details, we city; the imposing grandeur with which he mystery is made of some of the means of exe- refer to the report, where they are described stood beside the statue of Mars and bared cution, but a general idea may be given in a with much clearness, and where the reader will his breast to the sword of his sworn enemy, few words. The following is the basis of this tind an enumeratiou of all the advantages which Tullus Aufidius ; and the various gradations process, and that in which it differs from other we already owe, and the prediction of several of passion with which he received, withspecies of engraving. The effects produced by others which we shall in future owe to the Li-stood, and finally yielded to, the prayers and a trace made on the stone with a fat or resinous thographic Art.

tears of his moiher, wife, and child, were body, are the very simple results of affinities, the application of which had not been attended

given in a noble style; and answered, by the THE DRAMA.

audience, with ample peals of applause. 1st. It is certain that a line drawn with a KING'S THEATRE.—ITALIAN OPERA. Brutus, to as crowded and select an audience,

On Tuesday evening, Kemble performed pencil or fat ink on a stone, adheres to it so strongly that mechanical means must be em

with great energy and applause. ployed to remove it.

Don Juan forms still the great focus of At Drury LANE THEATRE, Mr. Keax perzdly. All those parts of the stone which are attraction among the fashionable and un- formed Macbeth, on Tuesday evening, io a not covered with a layer of fat or grease, re- fashionable, musical and unmusical public : very full house, in his best style. It is one ceive, retain, and absorb water.

and this is likely to be the case for some of the parts in which his stature is somewhat 3dly. If over a stone so prepared, a layer time. At no former season have we seen against him; but we shall notice the striking (couche) of greasy and coloured matter be so many new faces in the boxes and pit of beauties of this performance hereafter. Mrs. the greasy ink, while it will be repelled by the crowded long before the beginning of the her first appearance in the

character of Lady passed, it will attach only to the lines made by the Opera, and found, as now, the Theatre Hill, a lady from the Belfast Theatre, made Wetted parts.

performance. The success of this Opera, Macbeth ; and was, with great justice, well In a word, the Lithographic process depends wbile it amply rewards the Managers' ex- received.

W.C. on the circumstance, that ihe stone which has ertions, will, we are sure, act as a stimulus imbibed water, repels ink, and that the same stone when greased repels water and holds ink. Ion future occasions, both in the inusical and Thus by applying and pressing a sheet of paper ballet departments.

SKETCHES OF SOCIETY. on the stone, the greasy, resinous, and coloured lines alone, will be transferred to the paper,


THE MANEUVRING FAMILY. giving the counter proof of what they repre

Lady Eleanore opened her new sented on the stone.

On Saturday last, an immense crowd as- house last week, in the very first style of By making on paper a drawing with presembled early at the pit-doors of Covent Garden taste and elegance. The ball resembled pared ink, and transferring it to the stone, you Theatre, drawn by the expected appearance may obtain impressions exactly like the original, of Kemble in Coriolanus.

an immense shrubbery, being filled with that is, not reversed, as is the case in engravings The admirable manner in which Shake- myrtles and flowering plants : twelve on copper.

speare has drawn the Roman character, and footmen in costly liveries of crimson, trated by a fat substance, and of imbibing wa- dian has been accustomed to represent it, ing to the foot of the great staircase: this

Al kinds of stone susceptible of being pene. the great style in which this eminent Trage- covered with lace, lined the passage lead-
ter with facility, are proper for Lithography,
provided they are compact, take a good polish

were powerful attractions. The known cir- was bordered, on each side, with vases
and are of a light and uniform colour: all these cumstance that it was the last time he was
advantages are found united in certain calca. to appear in that part, produced an extra-containiug the rarest, most fragrant and
rcous stones, which are furnished in abundance ordinary sensation among the lovers of the expensive flowers, and adorned alteroate-
by the quarreès of Solen-Hofen, near Pappen Drama; and it is supposed that a large por- !y with huge jars of the finest porce-
heim in Bavaria. It is a carbonate of limetion of the classical taste of London was laine, and antique candelabras : the stair-

assembled in the House. A momentous case, as well as all the apartments, When the stone is prepared and polished, the interest was visible before the curtain drew one blaze of light : superb lustres and artist may, without any other preparation, up. The appearance of Mr. Kemble was fol- chandeliers in abundance, statues holdsketch his design as he pleases and finish it with lowed by a testimony of enthusiastic respect, ing vessels of burning odours

, curtains finest wove paper, he may execute his work in and spirits ; and when we beheld his lotiy disposed drapery, with valuable pictures the stone being uniform and finer than the preceding night. He was in high healer composed of the finest and most elegantly

Lithography will furnish us with real poly- figure and stately port; his antique costume, of the Roman and Flenish schools, and typage, the more valuable as it may be extended and dignified countenance tasbing with large foreign mirrors, gave an unequalled to the productions of the graver;'it

suffices to Patrician pride, amidst the solemn temples splendour to an extensive suite of rooins take off a proof of an engraving, to apply it and other edifices of ancient Rome, which terminating in an admirably painted winimmediately on the stone, and counter-proof it are so finely painted in the scenes, the actor dow, illuminated so as to give it high there by the usnal method, and to have a second appeared contemporary with those august effect: the refreshment room represented plate like the copper plate, from which a much monuments of architecture; and the edi. greater number of inipressions may be taken. fices worthy of him. The first Lithographic productions wanted cient Roman Commander in his birth- unique as to the beauty, novelty and

He seemed an an- a Turkish tent; and the ball-room was strength, and were very unequal; the finer parts place. Montesquieu and Gibbon have intro- fancifulness of its decorations.. did not take the ink, and the other parts took duced us to Rome in her decline and fall; ton much; the design lost its effect. but Kemble presents Rome to our view, in her the staircase, and one composed entirely

A military band, placed judiciously on Mr. Engelmann's first care was to remedy thiese inconveniences, He made new instru” majesty, before her highest elevation; As of foreigners in the dancing room, enliments, which permitted him to estimate more

we looked up, we conceived the genius of exactly the proportions of the ingredients. A that exalted city, and of our immortal poet, vened the gay scene ; whilst her ladyship, great objection to the method of the first inven. were embodied in one. The transcendant like a resplendent constellation, shone tors was the impossibility of retouching a design merits of this great performer's Coriolanus are above the rest in a profusion of diamonds,

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