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that empire, over which her blood-stained all the gratitude which is due to him who their desperate fortunes by public disflag has waved for more than three cen- risks his life and achieves a triumph for tress, and who sculk as the basest cowards turies, will soon be broken in pieces ; bis country, and, as in one to whom pub- while they “ tread the verge of treason." that an immense mass of human mind lic gratitude is due the public has a deep Assuredly also perseverance in such aswill be emancipated; and that the best interest, (we bad almost said, an absolute sociatiorr would render any man deservinterests of humanity will be extensively property,) the feeling excited in the breastedly an object of hatred, and would irvindicated.

of all liberal and good men when Lord resistibly compel us to sink all reoolThe incalculable commercial advan- Cochrane committed his first unfortunate lections of public desert in sentiments of tages which the independence of Spanish error, was one of violated confidence, of public danger. America would instantly throw open to insulted attachment, of indignant friend We rejoice, therefore, that Lord CochBritain, are perfectly obvious. We must ship, of almost implicated degradation, rane embarks in the cause of South Amenot, however, permit ourselves to be ac- by the voluntary and thoughtless self-de-rican indepevdence, and that Sir Robert tuated by such motives, where conside- gradation of a man with whom one of Wilson accompanies him. Such strongly rations so much more noble present them- their most honourable achievements was constructed and unquiet minds are necesselves. We feel, therefore, unfeigned re- identified.

sary to the progress of human affairs. It spect for the conduct of our ministry in That bistory will eternally uphold Lord is no less necessary that these energies this,-that they sacrifice all peculiar ad-Cochrane's claim to British gratitude, should be expended. Nor can they be vantages to a strict and honorable neu- that she will with one band identify expended more worthily than in adventrality between the pareut state and ber him and his countrymen in the record of turing life and fortune for the extension colonies.

one brave and brilliant achievement, of the liberties of mankind. Let, then, This honorable neutrality, howerer, while with the other she throws a dark these brave men remember, that it is in has been imputed, by some, to a love of shadow over the image of their pride- such countries (to use the language of legitimacy-of the divine right of kings these are considerations calculated only Machiavelli)“ che, per la povertà, non of the right of sovereigns to obedience, to increase public regret and to aggravate ti sara impedita la via à qualunque grado, prior to, and independent of, the right of public indignation.-Happily, France, et a qualunque honore.”—tbere "CODpeople to protection! Such an imputa- and the friends of France, will blend both sulatus præmium virtutis non sanguinis!" tion is doubtless calumnious. The Bri- in one common hatred: and what Eng No continental intelligence of much tish Constitution acknowledges no such lishman, in a foreign land, will not then importance bas transpired during the rights; and he would be guilty of treason scorn the recollection of a mean and week. - Brussels Papers inform us that who should espouse them, since he would paltry transaction, in order to remember, religious differences no longer prevent the deny the right of our present sovereign to cherish, and to honor the day when people of Flanders from acknowledging to occupy the throne a right which was Lord Cochrane and his countrymen, in the authority of the sovereign, and that triumphantly established on the wreck of behalf of British rights, bared their the refractory Bishop of Ghent has fied legitimacy and of the divine right of breasts for a dangerous and desperate into France. The Hamburgh mail says, kings.

encounter 3-What Englishman will then that the Session of the Prussian Council The office of mediation between Spain meanly check the thrill of joy, or stifle of State was to be opened towards the and her colonies, has been by some as the shout of triumph, or withbold un- end of last month, when it would frame signed to our government. Such a'sup- measured gratitude to all who nerved first a system of finance and then a con position is absurd. The colonies never their arms, and shed their blood, and stitution for Prussia. The same mail will again submit to Spanish despotism : tore from France the laurel in so fierce gives an imperfect account of a conspiSpain never will voluntarily resigo them : and brave a combat?

racy against the meritorious Crown the power, therefore, which should me It is, we are convinced, the mixed sen- Prince of Sweden. If the Swedes feel no diate in such a case must conquer either timent which we have here endeavoured gratitude to this man, they are very worthSpain or her colonies; and tie British to express, which has so divided public less. - Spain and Portugal, say the government is too enlightened to engage opinion with reference to Lord 'Coch- French Papets, still dispute respecting in the conquest of either.

Olivenza.—Turkey is threatened with Nowhere, certainly, is a more interest The soldier's or the sailor's mind, is an attack from Persia, and bas in Egypt ing or more noble scene presented than little calculated to endure the slightest to contend with a rebellious Pacba.in the struggle of the Southern Ameri- degradation, though even it may thought. The United States pay unremitting atten, eans. With a widely diffused population, lessly or rudely or recklessly have earned tion to the increase of their navy and destitute of proper equipments, and inevi- it. Nurtured in firm opposition, and naval depots. tably deficient in unity of design, they fierce contest, it foolishly identities diffight under every possible disadvantage. ficulty and danger with proud daring, or Literary and Scientific Intelligence. Nothing good, however, was ever easily personal duty, and sometimes proves its The learned Danish Philologist Rask, is at got. We are therefore no enemies to the courage, as madly as unnecessarily, by present at Stockholm : a periodical publicaties war which they wage. It will rouse the plunging deeper in universally deprecated says of him, “ After he has, by nearly as preces genius of the sluggish colonist and slun- error-deeper even because danger for- fectly acquainted with that Island, with its logo bering native. bids it.

smoky apartments, from which came the Gods - Palmam qui meruit ferat !

Assuredly nothing is more lamentable of Wallalla, and having then ascended the stones The notoriety of the proposal of Lord than the perversion of such energies ; nor of which the hot Mead of Odin was formerly Cochrane to visit these transatlantic do we more regret any thing than that brewed, he has set out on a new pilgrinage, and scenes, naturally leads us to the following Lord Cochrane should, under any cir- will proceed through Sweden and Prusia.es As there is no man in Britain who does himself with men who are Anti-British in Northern languages, and are perlaps derived

cumstances, have subsequently associated Mount Caucasus, there to study the language.co uot owe to the hero of Basque Roads, every sentiment, who seek to retrieve with them from one common suurce.

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The Rev. James Kirton's Secret and True History of the After these is the inscription of Cyretiæ, discovered by The History which precedes these Memoirs, is a part Church of Scotland, from the Restoration to the year 1678, Mr. Leake, who communicated the fac-simile of the origi of the literary history of our age; of wbich it will fora is printing uodér the superintendence of Mr.C.K. Sharpe, nal to the Academy.

one of the most curious and interesting ornaments. with Notes, and a Memoir of the Author, in a 4to. volume, The memoirs of M. Levesque and M. Larcher, respect. Should the details appear dry to some persons, they will illustrated by engravings.

ing the foundation of Rome, are highly interesting and be amply indemnified by M. Dacier's notices on the Mr. F. Pailey will soon publish a new and enlarged ingenious—the one denying, the other affirming, the au- academicians deceased during the period, the history of edition of his Chart of History, including the changes of thenticity of the Roman history. The question seems which he writes. The name of David Leroy, D, Poirier territory occasioned by the late treaty.

undecided between the two learned academicians. M. Bouchaud, Klopstock, the Abbé Garaier, Villoison, excite The Club, in a dialogue between a father and a son, Levesque's second memoir is equally ingenious and of themselves a degree of interest which their worthy by James Puckle, is printing from the edition of 1711, with learned: to this M. Larcher has not yet replied ; and till historian has iucreased. But among all these notices, numerous engravings on wood, in royal octavo.

it is completely refuted, we may say with Horace, “ Ad- that of Klopstock deserves to be particularly mentioned, The Fifth Part of Sir William Dugdale's Flistory of St. buc sub judice lis est."

To appreciate justly the beauties and defecis of the Paul's Cathedral, with considerable additions, by Henry M. Petit-Radel has a memoir on the foundation of author of the Messias, was of itself a difficult task : the Ellis, Esq. will be published in a few days; and the Sixth | Argos.

Germans themselves confess that they have nothing in Part, which will complete the work, and contaia engsa Besides the erudite memoir on the foundation of their own language, upon this subject, equal to the essay vings of all the monuments, is expected to be ready in Rome, M. Larcher has two others : one, of 142 pages in of M. Dacier. The learned secretary has takeu a larger June.

4to., is a dissertation on the Phenix, a most ingenious, view of his subject. He has interwoven with it conside Ry accounts in the public papers from St. Petersburgh it learned, and important essay. The last memoir is to rations on the nature of the epic in general, and remarks sppears that Kotzebue las recurned to Germany, in order prove, that the naravgue of Demosthenes jo answer to full of ingenuity and taste on the priocipal epic poems, to transmit to the Russian Administration, occasional ac. the letter of Philip, is not the work of that orator. both ancient and modern, which thus render this essay, counts of the progress of literature and science. It is said Though M, Larcher gives reasons enough to render his equally distinguished by profound thought and elegance that he intends to take his residence in Weimar, where he opinion probable, yet the proofs he has adduced seem of style, one of the most curious and brilliaat in this richa rangot fail to have sufficient means of literary observation. either too confined in their own nature, or not sufficiently collection of the Eloges of M. Dacier.

developed by him. A singular omission, (noticed eve
PROCEEDINGS OF LEARNED
by the French critics themselves) is, that though M. L.

MEMOIRS of the Class of the MATHEMATICAL quotes with praise the dissertation of Markland to prove and PuYSICAL SCIENCES. 425 pp. 4to. one SOCIETIES,

four Orations of Cicero supposititious, he has not noticed plate. THE FRENCH INSTITUTE.

the celebrated dissertation of Bentley on the Letters of This volume printed in 1816, bears the date 1812, but

Phalaris, which were the first example, and have remained inost of the Memoirs are of a nuuch more receat eroch. To the Editor of the Literury Gazette.

the model of this species of criticism ; nor, though most of This bighly interesting volume contains_a metssoir by M. Dear Sir,--In a former Number of your Paper, p. 43, Inis arguments seem borrowed from Bentley, does he once Poisson on the Vibrations of Elastic Surfaces : a report find it stated, that the French Philosophical Class of the mention the name of that distinguished critic.

on the Vaccine, by Mess. Berthollet, Percy, and Hallé : Royal Institute have resolved to leave the world in the

A most interesting and important Memois of M. Qua- a memoir by M. Gay. Lussac on the Jode : a memoir by dark respecting their exertions during the past year. Not treinêre de Quincy raises from its ruins one of the finest M. famond on the observations on the Barodieler, Ther. knowing whence this statement is derived, I cannot di monuments of Grecian Doric Architecture. The temple mometer, and State of the Air, made for seven successive rectly controvert it; but I apprehend it to be founded in of Olympian Jupiter at Agrigentum, which has long sub. years at Clermont-Ferrand : a short mevroir by M. Palisot some mistake, and that this class, like the other classes of sisted only in the records of history, and whose ruins in de Beauvois on Cyperareous Piants: and three memoirs that learned body, has been some years in arrear, and vaiu attested its existence on the spot which still exhibits on Light, hy M. Biot. This volume is terminated by the must therefore publish several volumes before it comes to them, re-appears here, with its primitive ordonnance, and history of the Class for 1812. The Mathematical part is the transactions of last year. However, I embrace this in its true proportions. The remaining fragments, com drawn up by M. Delambre, and the Physical by M. Cu. opportunity of sending you a sketch (which indeed can- pared and combined by a skilful and unerring baud, have vier. There are also historical notices concerning Malus not be much more than a lable of Contents) of what the served to rebuild it. But this is not all; the Memoir of and Lagrange, by M. Delambre. Tastitute has already done, as far as my information M. Quatremêre bas produced an important revolution in reaches, towards bringing up its memoirs to the present the whole history of Greek architecture.

OXFORD.--The only graduations at this university time.

H. E. L.

M. de Sainte-Croix has a long and learned Memoir on were those of Bachelor of Divinity, conferred upon Rer.
MEMOIRS of the ROYAL INSTITUTE of France. the bistory of the Princes of Caria, particularly Mausolus, 11. Wetherall, of University, grand compounder ; and Rev.

CLASS of HISTORY and ANCIENT LITERATURE, and on the fate of the famous monument called after his A. C. Howman, M. A. of Queen's, Cambridge, ad eundem.
VOL. 1 and 2.

CAMBRIDGE.The degree of D.D. has been con-
While obstacles, continually renewed, hindered the pub.

M. Silvestre de Sacy has three Memoirs. 1. On three ferred on Rev. C. Beshell, King's, Dean of Chichiester. lication of its Memoirs, this Class of the Institute did inscripcions of Kirmanschah or Bi-sutonn. The author

Honorary degrees of M.A. are granted to Sir T.J. not relax in the assiduous prosecution of the useful labours who attempted to explain these inscriptions formerly, Palmer, Bart. St. John's; Hon. W. Annesley, St. Peter's ; bequeathed to it by the Academy of Inscriptions and after a very faulty and defective copy (at that time the and G. W. St. Jolin, Jesus. Belles Lettres, to which it succeeded, and whose name, only one) having been enabled by new and beterr copies

Incepted M. A. Revs. R. P:etyman, Trinity; H. Wil. Hlustrated by such glorious recollections, it has resumed.

to correct his former ideas, has with rare modesty ex-kinson, Fellow of St. Johu's; G. Pearson, do.; J. Hullea, These obstacles have been at length removed, and two plained the defects of his own work, before giving to the do.; W. Molesworth, of do.; F. W. Lodington, Fellow of volumes have been published containing a part of the his. public the result of a better investigation. 2. Proposes Clare IIall; T. Shelford, do. Corpus Christi; T. D. ALtory and the memoirs of this society from its creation to

numerous rectifications of Arabic inscriptions recorded in kiuson, do. Quern's; C. Henley, Pembroke; R. Crawlry, 1811, and will be followed by two others. According to Murphy's Travels, and in the Memoirs of the Academy of Fellow of Magdalen; C. Townshend, Emmanuel ; aod k. the distinction adopted in the collection of the academy) the right of landed property in Egypt. This is to be fol- R. Gwatkin, do. St. John's ; J. W. Whittakes, decori

N. Adams, Sidney; also H. V. Elliot, Fellow of Trinity ; parts; one contaiving, under the title of History, faithful lowed by two others which will complete the whole plan. F.. Rogers, do. Caius; G. Millet, do. Christ; J. Croft, extracts from Memoirs, which it has not been judged pro.

The author bas adopted an antichronological order, de do.do.; w. Cecil, do. Magdalen; and B. Michell, do. per to insert at length, and notices on the lives and works siting to ascend from the time when the system of admi. Emmanuel; J. Lodge, C. Ingle, E. Ryan, Trinity. of deceased academicians. The second part , which is the nistration in Egypt is best known en us, to those for

Bachelors of Civil Law, Rev. E. B. Vardon, Clare ;
most important, contains entire, those Memoirs to which which the materials are fewer and less accessible. This and Mr. R. Wardel), Trinity.
the Academy has granted this honorable distinction. part embraces the period from the conquest of Egypt by B. A. E. Dodson, Trinity ; F. V. Lempriere, and E. R.
Both parts are liighly interesting.

Selin 1. to the French invasion. The other two parts | Earle, of Christ's.
The first and most important extracts in Vol. 1. are the will complete the history of the right of landed property

The election of Foundation Fellows of St. Jobn's bas
Researches on the Geography of the Ancients, by M. in Egypt, from the Arabian conquest to the establishineut fallen upon Messrs

. T. Sai was, w. Wnite, R. Twopevny: Gosselin, which complete the long series of the labours of of the Ottoman dominion.

w. J.ee, J. T. Austin, H. 11. Hughes, Batchelors of the same author, on all the coasts of the ocean known and

Count Choiseul Gouffier has an elegant Memoir on the Arts of that society. described by the ancients. The coasts here reviewed, are crigin of the Thracian Bosphorus.

Mr. B. P. Bell, B. A. of Christ's, has been elected Fel. those of the l'ersian Gulph, Gedrosia, and India, to the re

M. Abbé Garnier hus restored to its true author a low of that society, on the foundution of Sirs J. Fiuchs, molest point visited by the ancient navigators. Then the treatise published among the works of Aristotle. This is and r, Baines. western and northern coasts of Europe, i. e. Iberia, Gaul, a treatise on Rhetoric, very different from that by the Messrs. 11, Waddington and F. Gooile, of Trinity, are Germany, the Cimbrian Chersonesus, Scythia, or European philosophier of Stagira, the authenticity of which has never clected scholars on Dr. Bell's foundation, Sarmasia, and lastly the British Islands. M. G.'s labours been questioned. This other treatise has come down to

PORSON PRIZE.Tho Revs. C. Burncy and J.C. lead to two important and remarkable conclusious: first , us under the title of Rhetoric to Alexauder, and is pro- Banks, trustees of a cestuin fund appropriated

the use that the ancients had methods of observation more cor.

ceded by an epistle to that priace. Il being impossible of the Inte: Professor Porson during his life, have transrect than bas been believed; and secondly, that the ex.

10 attribute it to Aristotle, most critics have hitherto ferred to the University of Cambridge £ 400 navy 5 per tent of their geographical kvowledge was confined within ascribed it to Anaximenes of Sampsacus ; but M. Garuier cent. k, the interest of which is annually to be einmucha narrower limits than have hitherto been allowed. has adopted a more probable opinion, that it is by Corax of played in the purchase of a book or books, to be given to The general map added to this extraet, renders this result Syracuse, who gave lessons on oratory in that city before the resident Undergraduate who shall make the bese very striking,

Greece had apy celebrated orators. We may therefore translation of a proposed passage in Shakespeare, Ben 21. Mongez has explained some inscriptions found near flatter ourselves with possessing the original work in Jonson, Missinger, or Beaumont and Fletcher, into Lyons, aud has also a dissertation on the theatrical masks which were laid the first foundations of the art of rhetoric

, Greek verse. at a period wheu this word was not even invented.-AB

The passage fixed upon for the present year, is the Se. 2. Visconti has, restored and explained two Greok in- enquiry of the same author into some wories of the Stoic cond part of llery IV. act iii. scene i. beginning with Panetius, which have long beeu lou, is less interesting.

"O! sleep," apd ending with " Deny it to a Kino

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Journal of Belles Lettres, Politics and fashion.

OR

NO. XII.
SATURDAY, APRIL 12, 1817.

PRICE ls. PROGRESS OF THE SCIENCES. motion, or which are fixed stars. I de-fit, ept light. Light, on the other monstrate why.

hand, constantly saturates all the bodies THE NEW THEORY OF THE WORLD;

The moring cause of the heavenly bo-into the composition of which it enters, BY LIEUTENANT-GENERAL ALLIX.

dies exists in the pressures which the gaz. but in different proportions, according to [4 Plagiarism from an English Work, as zes composing their atmosphere exercise on the larger or smaller quantity of caloric.

will be shown in the first article of our next their surface, and the result of which when the body is simple or elementary, Number.']

To Messrs. Ganss, Strohmeyer, . and always passes, as I have already said, to like the diamond metals, it is so saturaThiebaut, Members of the Academy of the East of the axis of rotation in the ted with it, that it reflects or refracts Sciences at Goettingen.

planets, and to the North of the same axis entirely, and with splendor. When it is

in the comets. Giessen, March 21, 1817.

combined with oxygen, it has lost a part Gentlemen,

I owe it to the learned The gazzes which compose the atmos- of the light which was combined with it Society wbich has admitted me into its phere of each heavenly bady are constantly when it was elementary. Hence result bosom, I owe it particularly to you, Gen-renewed by the decomposition of vegetable differences in the reflection and refractlemen, to inform you first of the publi- and animal substances, and of water. The tion of light. Bodies appear coloured, cation of a work which I am going to result of this is the [production of) hy- and thus colours are only modifications have printed, the title of which is : «On drogen gaz, which on account of its of reflected or refracted light. the primitive cause of motion, and of its greater brightness always rises to the

The result of all the pressures which principal effects in the formation of suns, higher part of the atmosphere, where it the atmosphere exercises on the enlightin the motions of the celestial bodies, the limit of this dilatation is the sun for our to the East of the true meridian, while in the motions of the celestial bodies, the indefinitely dilates itself in space. The ened part of the earth, passes 48 minutes

When Newton applied Kepler's laws planetary system. The elements of the the result of the pressures which it exerof motion to that of the heavenly bodies of its excessive dilatation, no longer any plane of the same meridian. Hence it reof motion to that of the heavenly bodies, hydrogen gaz, having then, on account cises on the dark part, is always in the he was obliged to make three supposi atinity to each other, separate and results

, that at the same time that the filow that the heavenly bodies gravitated to sume their primitive properties ; hence, of the tide takes place at 48 minutes to wards each other; 3rd, that they had

and from the combustible property of the East of the meridian on (above) the received a primitive motion according to hydrogen gaz, 1 infer that hydrogen and horizon, it takes place upon the meridian the tangent of the orbit. I demonstrate light are one and the same substance; or below the horizon. The flow (tide) is the impossibility of a vacuum, and that otherwise that hydrogen gaz is composed therefore retarded every day 48 minutes. the celestial bodies, far from attracting, of caloric and light in a state of combina- These pressures are greater at the equirepel each other. The system of Newton tion. From the properties of hydrogen noxes and less at the solstices; the tide is therefore false.

gaz, and from those of light and caloric, must therefore be greater in the first case To establish the truth of my theory, 1 I infer the constant circulation of these and less in the second. They (the presmake no supposition ; I take nature such two substances from the earth to the sun, sures) are not the same at the summer as it is, and such as every body sees it. and from the sun to the earth, and the solstice as at the winter solstice; therefore

I demonstrate that the result of all the same for all the other heavenly bodies. the earth must be then at a different disforces which act on the surface of each From this circulation result the pheno- tance from the sun. planet, (I take the earth as the object of mena of vegetation, of animalisation, of The pressures on the surface of the plademonstration) passes to the East of its the formation of water, and of the decom- nets are in the ratio of their surfaces or centre of gravity, and is found in the position of vegetable and animal sub- of the squares of their radii: the planets plane of its ecliptic, whence results its ro-stances, 8c. &c.

laeep at a greater distance from the sun in tatory movement from West to East, and Light or hydrogen acts in all these proportion as their diameters are greater. its progressive motion from East to phenomena, a part always contrary to "The only exception is for those planets

that of caloric; while the latter always which have no rotatory motion. I assign I demonstrate that the different mo- tends to gazefy, light always tends to the reason in my work. The diameters tions observed in the heavenly bodies are solidify: (We presume the writer means are therefore as the distances, or the disowing to the position of their ceutre of rarify and condense, but we employ bistances as the diameters; or again, the gravity: in the planets it is nearer the own terms) it is in the constantly oppo- result of all the pressures, in as much as North pole than the South pole; in the site action in the effects of these two sub-it determines the distance of the plunets comets nearer the West than the East stances that is found the demonstrated from the sun, is therefore as the square of poiut; in the satellites in the centre of explanation of all the motions in nature. the distances. the figure, whence results the difference Light is the attractive force; it is the From the theory which I announce to of their motions.

vital force, it is the force which solidifies. you, Gentlemen, results with the same There

may be planets which have Caloric is the repulsive force, it is the certainty, the same clearness, the same rotatory motion, others which have no force which decomposes and gazefies. simplicity, the explanation of the constant

Caloric always passes from a body and variable winds, of all the phenomena · The most important parts of this new sys. which contains more of it, into one which of the atmosphere, and in short of all tem are those printed in italics : it will, in our next Number, appear that these are precisely contains less. Bodies can never be sa- those which exist in ncture. the parts which General Allix has borrowed ! turated with it, nor entirely deprived of In the work which!.m going to pub

West.

no

SWISS AGRICULTURE.

SPOTS IN THE SUN.

lish, I do not enter into details ; I have | ult., and described as so similar to one that PROGRESS OF THE ARTS. only employed myself in establishing the occurred at the same place on the 5th of principles, and I may say, they are esta- September, 1814, when several air-stones feli,

A process, which seems worthy of notice, blished in such a manner as to leave no with the same phenomena. The

appears now to have been actually attended

papers

has for some time past been followed at doubt. Geometry cannot produce a sin- mention, that on the same day, the 18th, Meyringen, (in Switzerland,) to employ the gle proposition better demonstrated.

and at the same hour, about three o'clock in fruitful soil washed down by the Alpbach I authorise, and even request you, the afternoon, several aërolites fell in the from the Hasliberg, for the purpose of formGentlemen, to publish this letter, by way cantons of Castelmeron and Monclar, in the ing plantations on the fragments of rocks.

Where the fall of the stream is broken, its of announcing the work in question. 1 department of the Lot and Garonne.

waters are conducted into a bason, dug, for have the honor to be, &c.

NATURAL CAVERN IN KENTUCKY. the purpose, in which the mud or soil is The Lieutenant-General, Member of Bath Literary and Philosophical Society.deposited; this is then dug out, and used the Academy of Sciences at Goettingen, Monday, February 17, Mr. Cranch commu- to form gardens on the bare ruck. A poor (Signed) ALLIX.

nicated to the Society the substance of some man, Jacob Immanuel Baumgarten, first adWe have thought it our duty to trans- papers transmitted to him from Dorchester, vised, in this country, this useful process, by

near Boston in New England, relative to a which, according to the opinion of the late this letter from the French as liter

muimny discovered in an immense subterra- Chevalier Fossombrone, the whole draining ally as possible.

nean cavern in the State of Kentucky. of the Pontine Marshes may be effected. ASTRONOMY.

The mummy is that of a stout woman

nearly six feet in height, though the whole POISONOUS QUALITY OF PRUSSIC ACID. Angsburg, March 16.-According to the ob- materiel is so intensely dry as to weigh but Physicians and Professors of Natural servations of Mr. Stark, the spots in the sun twenty pounds.

History have lately, with the authority of were very numerous this month, as they liad It was found in the cavern, at the distance the King of Wurtemberg, tried the effects of been in the two preceding ones. On the 13th of three miles from its entrance. The figure various poisons on camels, bears, and other there appeared seven large shallows with black appeared seated in a sort of rude sarcophagus, animals of the Royal Menageric. From one openings, the largest of which was in the form composed of five limestone slabs; the fifth of these experiments, it is evident that Prussic of a sickle. Besides these there were 11 spots stone serving as a cover or entablature to the Acid, when administered in a particular of a middling size, and 36 smaller spots. The rest, exactly similar to the ancient cromlechs way, becomes one of the most active and largest of the circular shallows, which was visi. still extant in various places of the British dangerous poisons. ble this day at noon, at the distance of 6 min. islands. The knees had been brought close 14 sec. in parts of the sun's diameter, from the western limb of the sun, was above thrice the up to the body; the hands were clasped up

NAUTICAL MECHANICS. diameter of the earth. In this shallow there was

on the breast; the head, covered with some M. Locateli, the celebrated mathematician in the middle a large wedge-formed opening, thing like a coronet, was erect; and the of Milan, has just invented a new piece of and near this to the West, an elliptical one, whole figure was muffled up and covered mechanism, (says a Parią paper,) by means within the eastern edge of this shallow, four with a number of garments made of wild of which vessels may ascend rivers without little spots formed an arch, and between the hemp and willow bark. Several bags con- the assistance of a steam-engine. The first two openings was observed a bright shining taining beads, trinkets, and various handi-experiment, which was made on a small boat, space. Out of this shallow, there were to the craft implements, were lying by the body, completely succeeded. The inventor asserts, East three middle sized spots in the form of a with a sort of work-basket, a curious musical that his plan is applicable even to a man of triangle, and over these a large spot with three instrument, and a fan made of feathers à la war, and that it will secure her from the small ones.

A shallow of almost equal size; Vandyke. with a large jagged opening, appeared distant

danger of shipwreck. The strength of a from the sun's northern limb 7 m. 19 s. and by 80 feet wide, and for some years past sufficient to put this machine in motion.

The entrance of the cavern is 40 feet high single man, or at most that of a horse, is from the western 18 m. 34 s. half of the sun there appeared further two ellip- saltpetre has been made, and oxen worked, tical shallows with longish crooked openings, as far as two miles within it. A Mr. Ward and a nearly circular shallow, with a black cir? has recently explored this wonderful cavern The Hamburgh Gazette states, that the cnlar opening:

to the extent of ten miles. He says, that art of lithography has recently been intro- At Carlsruhe, Counsellor. Boeckmann ob. after having proceeded some miles, they as- duced in the offices for the department of served on the 12th of March 40 spots on the cended a vertical chimney-like passage, and foreign affairs in Russia. It is employed for sun'& disk.

climbing up from one stone to another about circulars addressed to diplomatic agents;

40 feet, they entered at midnight a chamber and the number of copying clerks has in This beautiful planet has lately, from lo- 1800 feet in circumference, and 150 feet high consequence been considerably diminished. cality of situation, very rapidly crossed the

in the centre! From this chamber they constellation Aries, and is proceeding gradu proceeded about a mile further, and how POLITE LITERATURE. ally into Taurus, and will be, May 1, a few much further they might have gone they degrees north of Aldebaran, where it be- knew not. In another chamber which they comes stationary, and will then retrograde traversed, they were presented with a scene To the Editor of the Literary Gazette. westerly, and meet the Sun on the confines to which there is at present, perhaps, no pa I now come to the consideration of of Taurus and Gemini, May 20, 21. Through solid rock 100 feet high projecting over an ders in that deteriorated style of poetry, rallel in natural history-a single arch' of Mr. Scott's works.

These were the lea. the month of April this planet, approaching area of not less than eight acres! from the which has driven back our language to the Earth to within one-third solar distance, observations which they made, they fully all its primitive impurities, and has given will assume the crescent form, and become falcated like the Moon, and if the air be satisfied themselves of this further astonishclcar, may be seen with the naked eye in the ing fact,--that Green River, a mighty stream us a species of non-descript tale, appaday-time; about two hours behind the Sun, navigable for several hundred miles, must rently epic, but in reality a medley parnear the middle of the month, it will be necessarily have passed over their heads in taking of the old ballad and the modern bright enough to cast a shadow at night, and three different branches of the cavern. novel. The genius of its inventor, and will be in conjunction with the April new the communication to Mr. Cranch, have quartos of jingle into infinite request;

A great many discoveries, it is added in the novelty of the design itself, brought Moon, April 19, between Aldebaran and the been made in Kentucky, which indicate the the prose romance was abandoned, the Pleiades.

existence, at some very remote period, of a

state of society, arts, and social habits, far Minerva press outwitted, and all ran to The explosion lately mentioned to have more advanced than any of the aboriginal purchase those huge charming volumes, been heard at Agen, in France, on the 18th tribes hitherto known have exhibited. which contained oantos instead of chape

LITHOGRAPHY.

APPEARANCE OF THE PLANET VENUS.

OF THE MODERN POETS-WALTER SCOTT.

AEROLITES.

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