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Journal of Belles Lettres, Politics and Fashion.

OR

NO. XI.

SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1817.

PRICE ls.

MODE OF DETERMINING HEIGHTS,

MEDICINE.

THE PRETENDED ART OF SOMNAMBULISM.

PROGRESS OF THE SCIENCES. Beaufvy, the pitch pine appears the strongest finds her in a complete fainting fil: he hal

wood; next to that the English oak with loos in her cars; she does not hear: he

straight and even fibres; then the English passes a lighted taper before her eyes; the On Thursday, March 6, at the Royal So-oak irregular and cross grained; fourthly, pupil does not contract. Lastly, he even ciety, a paper by the Rev. Francis Hyde the Riga fir; and fifthly, the Dantzic oak. It goes so far as to prick ber Aesh with needles; Wollaston was read, describing a thermo- the strength of the pitch pine be called 1000, she is insensible to all this. meter constructed by him for determining the strength of the English oak will be, from Dr. Renard has then no longer any doubt the height of mountains instead of the ba- the mean of two experiments, 923. Of the but that all the sensibility of this lady has rometer. It is well known that the temper. Riga fir, 782. of the Dantzic oak, 663. taken refuge in the stomach, which, ar cordature at which water boils diminishes as the Call the mean strength of the English oak ing lo the believers, is the seat of intelligence, height of the place increases at which the 1000; the strength of the Riga fir will be the universal, sense.

It is therefore to the experiment is made, and this diminution 846 ;' but the weight of the Riga fir is to that stomach that he applies: he stoops, and was suggested, first by Fahrenbeit, and af- of the glish oak as 659 to 1000. There without speaking very loudly, puts several terwards by Mr. Cavendish, as a means of fore the decrease of weight being in greater questions to this

stomach, to which the lady determining the height of places above the sea.. Mr. Wollaston's thermometer is as proves that in dry places it is better to use produced, nothing remains but to find wit,

proportion than the increase of strength, replics admirably. The miracle being thus sensible as the common mountain barometer. fir beams than oak, independently of the nesses who by their character may command Every degree of Fahrenheit on it occupies an saving of expense. inch in length. The thermometer, together

confidence, and cause the truth of the fact

to triumphi. Three neighbours are called in: with the lamp and vessel for boiling water,

PROGRESS OF THE ARTS.

it is remarkable that one of them was a when packed into a case, weighs about a

drawer of teeth. pound and a quarter, and is much more por

Dr. Renard re-commences his experitable and convenient than the common mountain barometer. It is sufficiently sen- ceived that Dr. Valli, who had happily passed now answers only by signs and with the left

Paris, MARCH 14.--News has been rements: they still succeed. Only the patient sible to point out the difference in height be through his experiments on the plague in the hand to the questions which are put to her. tween the poor and the top of a common Levant, and who had gone to America to The Doctor does not stop here: he forms a table. Mr. Wollaston gave two trials with it, compared with the same heights measured into a village where this dreadful contagion places his finger on the wonderful stomach.

contend with the yellow fever, having gone chain of several persons, the first of whom by General Roy by the barometer. The dif

prevailed, has fallen a victim to the syste- He begins, with the finger of the last person ference between the two results did not ex- matic opinion which made him deny its ex- a little conversation, which is transmitted ceed two feet. istence.

into the stomach of the patient, who answers FOSSIL BONES FOUND AT PLYMOUTH.

(still hy signs and with the lefi hand). Better On Thursday, February 27, a paper by Sir To the Editor of the Literary Gazette.

and better still: he takes a piece of pack Everard Home, Bart. was read, giving an ac However the friends of science may have thread twenty feet long; wets it; causes one count of a number of fossil bones of the rhi- reason to rejoice in the daily increasing dif- end of it to be held on the epigastrum of the noceros found in a lime-stone cavern near fusion of useful knowledge, it cannot but ex. Somnambule; throws the other end out of the Plymouth by Mr. Whitby. Sir Joseph cite in an equal degree our surprise and regret window which he shuts; after which Dr. Bankes had requested Mr. Whitby, when he to see so evident a tendency in the present Renard goes down into the court yard, takes went to superintend the Breakwater at pre- age towards a relapse into a childish credu- the pack thread, holds it to his mouth, and sent constructing at Plymouth, to inspect all lity, almost too ridiculous to inspire pity, and addresses questions to it which the patient the caverns that should be met with in the too contemptible even to merit' the name of answers (by signs and with the left hand). It lime-stone rocks during the quarrying, and superstition. You perceive that I do not here is affirmed that a German painter has seized to send him up any fossil bones that might allude to the more serious circumstances of on this happy moment to draw the Doctor's be found. The fossil bones described in this the revival of the Inquisition, the re-esta- picture. paper occurred in a cavern in a lime-stone blishment of the Jesuits, the anathemas derock on the south side of the Catwater. This nounced against the diffusion of the Bible, lime-stone is decidedly transition. The cavern and other glaring proofs of the unabated inwas found after they had quarried 160 feet tolerance and unsubdued insolence of the True science requires neither quackery nor into the solid rock. It was 45 feet long, and Roman Church. I speak of the attention pushing: empiricisin on the contrary cannot filled with clay, and had no communication paid to the revived absurdities of animal obtain even its transient success without the whatever with the external surface. The magnetism, mesmerism, and somnambulism, aid of these necessary acolyths. Struck with bones were remarkably perfect specimens. of the prophesying peasants of Germany and the mysterious gesticulations which magneThey were all decidedly bones of the rhino- other “ signs of the times," differing from tizers en ploy to communicate to the patient ceros; but they belonged to three different each other only in degrees of absurdity. As what they term the magnetic fluid, Madame animals. They consisted of teeth, bones of an illustration and justification of these re- T set about imitating them, and withthe spine, of the scapula, of the fore legs, marks, I take the liberty of sending you the out any other assistance than that of a faithe and of the metatarsal bones of the hind legs. following article.

ful memory, she succeeded in throwiny a They were compared by Sir Everard with the The city of Mentz has within its walls a young woman into a profound sleep. This bones of the skeleton of a rhinoceros in the physician, who with the most sturdy faith, operation was performed in the presence of possession of Mr. Brookes, which is consi-repeats the experiments on somnanıbulism, witnesses whose veracity cannut be called in dered as belonging to the largest of the spe- described by Dr. Pétélin of Lyons.

question. The subject on whom these magcies ever seen in England. The fossil bones The following are some details of one of netic experiments were made, answered sewere mostly of a larger size, though some of these experiments, which will show how far veral questions which were put to her. Fithem belonged to a smaller animal. human extravagance may proceed without nally, Madame T— has proved herself uo getting to Bediam.

less skilful than the most expert of her

A lady of Mentz returning from a ball, order. Dr. Faria was informed of this cirFrom the experiments on the strength of quarrels with her husband and falls into con cumstance. Great disappointment and condifferent kinds of wood, made by Colonel vulsions. They send for Dr. Renard, who sequently great irritation ensued. To be

THE PRETENDED ART OF ANIMAL MAO

NETISM.

STRENGTH OF LIGNEOUS FIBRE.

equalled by a woman possessing, no medical creep in one dull line," and sometimes in he would have prevented the feeble knowledge, and who had not been previ- four lines together. There is likewise a effect of the open vowels, and have also ously initiated in the mysteries of mesmerism fault very frequent in his narrative-the added to the melody by the contiguous forbidden to repeat such an operation, the change of tense from the past to the pre- repetition of the vowel i. For one great success of which it was alleged could be at- sent. I have a passage before me where charm of harmonious versification arises tributed only to weakness of imagination in there are five changes in eleven lines; from alliteration by vowels. It has inthe subject. Tricks of this kind, it was the following is a shorter instance. finitely more delicacy and grace than said, might occasion violent convulsions,

“ They seized him each a torck, alliteration by consonants. I do not reand even endanger her life. The Doctor And fire the dome from minaret to porch, member that any writer of criticism has was not satisfied with this order, and fearing A stern delight was fixed in Conrad's eye.” ever alluded to it, but all those who are that it might be infringed, he took under his

CORSAIR. own care the person who had been put to Another ungraceful mode of diction his it. It was one of the secrets of Virgil's

remarkable for harmony bave practised which he said would act as a counter-poi- Lordship possesses in common with al- music; and since I have mentioned him, son, and declared that all future attempts to most all our writers, particularly of prose. I will 'instance a line which shows how repeat the operation would prove useless

. It is the too frequent recurrence of the much he felt its elegance, Who would have supposed that the science same prepositions, where they are not of the celebrated supporter of the doctrine of used in corresponding members of a sen- Had he transposed it, as the metre would

“ Damonis musam dicemus et Alpbesiboei.” Mesmer consisted only in mummery, and tence. I shall explain my meaning better that his preservative was nothing but pure by an example,

have permitted, thus, imposition? This is however the fact.' To

“ Dicemus musam Damonis et Alphesiboei," the despair of all patentee magnetizers, the

“ Twere vain to paint to what his feelings grew." the melody would have been lost. Such young girl was p:it to sleep a second time by Madame T-; she had no convulsions,

Here the first to marks the infinitive transposition, too, would have accorded but shame ought to have produced them on mood, and the second the dative case. better with a former line, of which that Dr. Faria, whose enchantments thus proved to a language like our own, where quoted is almost a repetition, namely, powerless. termigations are so seldom allowed, those

“ Pastorum musam Damonis et Alphesiboei.” ON THE DEFECTS OF GLASS.

feeble substitutes, to, with, by, from, &c. Therefore the alteration, which for any A very curious and usetul result from the should, at least, be prevented, as far as other purpose was quite umnecessary, operations of science is promulgated by Dr. possible, from acting different parts in proves how much he studied this mode Brewster, in a recent communication to the the same line.

of melodizing bis metres. Lord Byron Royal Society. After an explanation of the polarization of light by plates of glass, he where other inattentions to composition the following line :

I could mention innumerable instances has used it to an extravagant extent in says

“ All articles inade of glass, whether they are intended for scientific or domestic either obsure or deface bis poetry. Il-“ And strained with rage the chain on which he purposes, should be carefully examined by legitimate rhymes, such as sent and gazed." polarized light before they are purchased instrumentbrow and glow-bring and There is une improvement, however, Any irregularity in the annealing, or any banquetting-besides the recurrence of visible in the latter productions of his imperfections analogous to what workmen the same rhyme at the distance of only Lordship the omission of antiquated call pins in pieces of steel, will thus be ren- one or two couplets. To the same cause, phraseology. He has even discarded it dered visible to the eye, by their action upon I am sure, may be attributed several re- in his last Canto of the Childe Harold, perfections are those where the glass al. dundancies, such as bows his bent though the former were full of it. Almost most always breaks when unequally heated, head,”—for if it be bowed, it must be the only dead words or phrases I can reor when exposed to a slight blow. Hence bent — several absurdities, such collect in his Corsair and Lara, are," there glass-cutters would find it of advantage to " in icy smoothness flowed--for ice can be murmurs,” “ there be things,” and submit the glass to this examination before not be said to flow-and several mean “ there be faces.” These expressions, it uudergoes the operations of grinding and phrases, such as, “ that fair ske,” and indeed, be true Yorkshire. Why he is polishing. “ what ails thee ?"

so fond of calling a physician a leech, I POLITE LITERATURE.

The licence of using long syllables, cannot possibly discover.

where the measure does not admit of His Siege of Corintb contains some ON THE NATURE OF LOND BYRON'S POETRY. them, is very tempting to a basty writer, most magnificent passages, sadly dis

Sir, Before I enter upon a critical and accordingly Lord Byron indulges in figured, however, by changes of meaexamination of other poets, I shall devote it beyond all reason, For instance,

It is an outrageous Pindaric; and another paper to Lord Byron, as I have

“ The accents his scarce moving pale lips spoke." in one page of it may be found a specinot yet exhausted the subject. His best And dull the film along his dim cye grew.” “ But like that cold wave it stood still." unen of every koown metre,- from the

Lilliputian Odle, to “ There was an old works, in my opinion, are his Corsair such awkward accentuations always give Cobler.” Who that reads these lines, and his Lara, because they comprise an idea either of a forced style or of " And the mournful sound of the barbarous more strength of conception, and, at metricel inability.

horn, times, more correctness of language, than any of the rest. They prove, too, that than such a line as this? Again, what can be more ungainly And the fap of the banners that flit as they're

borne," &c. the heroic couplet is this author's forte; and as it is also the metre, in which

“ In sooth-its truth must others rue.”

but must call to mind,

“ That tumbled the cow with the crumpled weak writers are sure to fail, bis success and one would think if the author had

horn, nrust at least exclude him from that ever read the following line twice: That tossed the dog quite over the corn,” &c. class. And yet, I can scarcely say, that “ All that can eye or sense delight.”

All these, I confess, are but small even in these works, he shews bimself anis ear must have taught him, that bad blots; and yet they occur so frequently, whit more correct than the “ slovenly he written it thus,

as to create a perpetual recoil of taste. Dryden.” His ten low words oft “ All that cap seuse or eye delight,"

In fact, I know numbers, (and I was my.

as

sure.

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self one of them,) who could not bring Perhaps the personal nature of this poem The last quotation we shall make, reminds themselves to read beyond a few pages, may account both for its peculiar faults and us of some reflections in the Corsair, beginin consequence of their unattractive style; its peculiar beauties. A fond father, lament- ning at line 933. “ There is a war,” &e. neither was it till very lately, that, im- dwell upon its little ways, with a minuteing the fate of an only child, would naturally “ The heavy hours of unrewarded toil,

The irksome callings of a common day, pelled by the praises which I heard on ness and almost infantine lamentation, which

The sudden meetings that abruptly foil every side, and from the best judges, I would not always dispose the cold observer

The anxious striver in the crowded way;

The sharp recoil of fancies overcharged, resolutely set about examining those to correspondent sympathy. But then, his

When in the setting light we see the truth; works as a task. Here, indeed, I could grief would always be true to nature; no Th' amazed 'wakening of the man enlarged, perceive, through all their ungraceful-overstrained plainings, no fancied calamities, From all the dreaming fonduess of his youth;

The playing to a friend a double part, Ress, those rich mines of thought and no Damon-like prettinesses, would disgust; feeling, which appear almost inexhausti- itself struck on its softest and sweetest

Balbling of confidence, afraid to tell, and, amidst all, the heart would often find

The change to silence and a sinking heart, ble. What, for instance, can be more key.

From social hours when cingling bosoms swell;

And (ob the misery!) hopeless to disceru, exquisite than this passage from the Mr. Scott then, we think, has exhibited a A dreary road before the feet we guide ; Childe ? production, which, as containing a most he To mark the eye of love, with sudden turn,

Drop the full tear upon the dark fire-side." Ah, then and there was hurrying to and fro, terogeneous mixture of bad taste, and great And gathering tears, and tremblings of distress, genius, is almost unparalleled in our lan We conclude with expressing our sincere And cheeks all pale, which, but an hour ago, guage. When we had read one page of hope that Mr. Scott will favor us with other Blushed with the praise of their own loveliness : beauty, we could scarcely bring ourselves to productions-provided always--that he will And there were sudden partings, such as press believe, that the same author wrote the next attend to the friendly advice we have just The life from out young hearts.'

page of deformity. He has, in short, ex-given him, and especially discard the silliThe last picture I prefer far beyond ceeded Lord Byron in his negligences ; and, nesses of the Lake school. the celebrated,

we do not hesitate to say, approached pretty

close to him in his beauties. But he owes The COM PORTS OF OLD AGE, with " Et trepidæ matres pressere ad pectora natos," most of his peccadillos to the paddling and Biographical Illustrations.

By SIR because it is more interesting in its na- dabbling Lake-school. We shall quote, as THOMAS BERNARD, Bart. 12ino. ture, and more intensely pathetic. copiously as our pages will adınit, the most

Tuis work is in the form of a dialoglie beThe following is quite new, and terri- prominent features of his production. The bly characteristic of such a man as Lara: following are samples of false simplicity and iween Bishop Hough, the President of Maguncouth versification:

dalen College in the reign of James the “ That smile, if oft observed and near,

Second ; Bishop Gibson, who was at that l'uned in its mirth and withered to a speer,

“ These are not words of course :

ume Bishop of London; and Mr. Lyttleton, That smile might reach his lip, but passed not by ;

Those who knew hina will know their force."

afterwards Lord Lyttleton. It is written Nør e'er could trace its luughter to his eye.”

“ The parentul heart, unlike that foundering sorrow."

with much elegance of style, and justness of

" From the idea that he would lie a corpse." Add as a picture of nature, nothing

" The hubbub of the bursting.in affections !"

thought; and though we cannot exactly can be more sublime than this single These, we believe, are quite sufficient to Cicero's dialogues on the same plan, yet

rank it, so far as regards composition, with stroke, in the description of a story show how egregiously Mr. Scott can fail. owing to the improved stale of morals and night :

From peak to peak the rattling crags among, show how delightfully he can succeed. The religion since his ara, it possesses advanLeaps the live thunder !"endearing manners of the lost child are de- then philosopher and oralur, even with all his

tages, in point of doctrine, which the beaBut I might quote his beauties without scribed with much tenderness:

precursive Christianity, could not attain. number. It is more my object to show “ His round and restless hands, that warmed and slid The period at which this dialogue is supbis faults, in the hope that he may here- 1000:s; bi- feet still running where we bid."

posed to have occurred, has been wellchose), “ While we sit dully round our fireside lamp, after avoid them; or for the sake of Ab! he'd bave edged himself a place,

because it is suficiently modern for the purothers, who are his imitators, without To let it shine upon his happy face.".

poses of historical and theological allusions, having half bis talents. Let it be re- First object in the morning last at night; “ He was a presence never out of sight,

adapted to the present day, and yet so far

remote as to invest these allusions with die membered, that a faulty, but superior Our fellow-traveller when from home we went,

delicacy and dignity. The Dramatis Persona writer, has the sins of a whole host to On every little service he was sent: And ever round our ways his eyes would hover,

themselves are well selected and sustained. answer for. Minor witlings, who cannot Like watching cherub or like ruxious lover,

They appear before us in all the respectabiimbibe bis genius, adopt bis manner ; Excuse for busy doings to discover.”

lity of the episcopal character, without the " When our looks darkened, and he saw us tried, and though they are unable to make

official solemnity of the lawn. And yet we Closer than usual to liis mother's side common cause with his excellevcies, are, te quietly would creep, and there would wait;

could have wished that these good divines

had expatiated somewhat more diffusely at least, fully adequate to support him watching with meek and patient looks the while, with a kindred troop of defects.

upon some religious topics which they have B.

When he might break the cloud with sunny smile;
Nor e'er was tired, although the time came late : only touched in a superficial way. The ser-
Nor e'er attempted he the change too soon,

taries, for instance, the question of emanciBut at the very moment, out he burst like noon." REVIEW OF NEW BOOKS.

pation, and the light which our clergy have The mode of his death is prettily typified: thrown upon revela:ion ; might well have The House Of MOURNING, by And the surge roughened as the ware withdrew." “ Life rippled as it left the shore it knew,

admitted of much more discussion, without

running into anachronism. As for the secJohn Scott.

taries, we are ourselves inclined to think, We hesitated at first, whether we should

The following passages, which are of a

that they do more service than mischief to not pass this poem over in respectful silence. more general nature, breathe a fine and

the community, inasmuch as fanaticism is The reality of its sorrow, and the melan: inanly strain : choly cause of it, would naturally incline the its quietvess is tirat of sovereign power ;

an antidote against the more latal evils of " Death hath a regal look, it lies in state,

indifference and infidelity. But we cannut critic to shrink from so delicate a task. But, Tis placid in the certainty of fate,

agree with Bishop Hough, that though, by as he who lays his production before the And noble, for it holds not of the hour.

extending their intluence over the kingdom, public, must, by that act, have submitted it a guarding mystery its couch surrounds,

they threaten the subversion of the estato the public tribunal, we see no sufficient As though it rested far beyond our bounits."

blishment, we have no just cause for anxiety. ground for withholding, what the author when it hath made a youthful form its throne; “ And chiefly is the view of death sublime,

“For if it be of man," he says, " it will come might himself have denied us an oppor- It shines then as in triumph over tiine,

to nought; but if it be of God, we cannot tunity to give. And unworn beauty then is all its own."

overthrow il, nur uced we fear evil from it."

66 If

OF FRENCH TRAVELLERS IN ENGLAND.

This is a dangerous and apothetical creed, the further progress of this rising and ambi-Seine, which divides Paris into two more and directly at variance with the tenor of tious republic.

equal parts than the Thames does London. the Bishop's whole character and life.

For the rest, a stranger who enquires his it be of man," God may not permit it to

PUBLICATIONS

way, is put to rights by the Londoners with come to nought,” unless we ourselves

as much civility and politeness as in Paris. are zealous in his cause; and “if it be of We will here just introduce to the notice I never applied to any one, whether tradesGod," we may " overthrow it" by the will of of our readers, some late publications of men in their shops, or poriers and carmen in that Providence who, perhaps, had permitted French visitors to our island.

the streets, without receiving a civil answer, it for the purpose of encreasing our enthu A Mr. M- published, a few months and all the information they could give me.' siasm and enlightening our ideas, by our en- back, a volume which he called “A fort The author also attended the House of deavours at its subversion. Had the Bishop's night in London at the end of 1815.". This Commons, of which he gives a print. The doctrine been always acted upon, he had little volume is amusing enough: though effect of the cry: hear! heur !'" seems to himself been a Catholic instead of a zealous the author, in so short a time, had naturally have surprised him very much. “The news. opposer of popery.

no opportunity of making any very profound papers often speak of it, but,” says he, “I in truth it is one of the discomforts of old observations, he seems at least not to be wil. found that I had not conceived a right idea age, that those under its in Anence are more fully partial. This little work having been of it. One or two voices first call, quite bigotted to prejudices, than younger men : very well received, we find he has just modestly, hear! hear! others join ; and and we rather imagine, that the bishops, published a sequel under the title of “Six this goes on crescendo, till at length a uniboth Catholic and Protestant, at this moment Months at London, in 1816.". We have not versai cry fills the hall, resembling the cries of for:n the principal obstacles against the ami- yet seen this publication, but we extract a flock of frightened geese !!! Now it abates, cable adjustment of the pending question of from a French journal the following critique now swells again, rises and falls, according as emancipation. At all events, we are clear, of it. " This work has amused me extreme- the orator has said any thing piquant, good, that objections are raised, throughout the ly; it is a series of pictures, or ratlier of or bad. Considering the gloomy and taciturn community in general, chiefly by those who croquis after nature, in which the author, as character of this nation, one night imagine feel themselves privileged to talk of “the an accurate and impartial observer, traces that the natural gravity, generally thought good old times." Antiquity, no doubt, is the manners, the customs, the singularities so essential to every legislative assembly, venerable; and if life be in itself a blessing, of the capital of England: he praises without must be particularly remarkable in the Briage must be a blessing too. But if age shalí exaggeration, criticises without bitterness, tish Senate. Far from it! this is the merrilessen our horror of uncharitable animosities, judges without passion, and paints with est assembly I have ever seen. The memand blunt our sensibility to the supplications fidelity. I recommend the chapters entitled hers seem to be on the watch for an opporof our fellow men; if, furnishing us with

“Valentine Eve"_" Fine Arts"_" Fête of tunity for a joke, and if they can introduce prudence and self-love, it shall rob us of ge- the Chimney Sweepers ”—“ Lloyd's Coffee one into the most serious deliberation the nerosity and social feeling; then should the House”—“A quinze Shelings ma femme,” effect is only the greater." The author was old man make it the last effort of departing &c. &c. It is to be wished that the author curious to see Strawberry Hill. “I knew," magnanimity to pray, that aye too might to whom we are already indebted for the says he, “ that Walpole had a passionate atshorten, by its bodily calamities, the curse

" Fortnight at London," may continue bis tachment to antiquities of every kind, parwhich it had inflicted on his understanding work and complete the interesting gallery ticularly painted windows, old ornaments, and his heart. which he has begun."

&c.; he had even ridiculed this taste in himA more considerable work is the “Jour-self, but I did not believe that he had done

ney of a Frenchman to London in 1810 and this with so much reason. The building is FRENCH LITERATURE.

1811. 2 vols. 8vo. which though prior in a handsome Gothic castle, but not durably Among the works lately published in point of time, seems not to have been much built: the windows, shining with all the coFrance, which have a particular interest for longer published than the others. From lours of the rainbow, resemble a barlequin's the English reader, we may mention an oc- this we shall make some extracts. jacket: little narrow passages, lead through tavo volume of little more than 200 pages, “ The author landed at Falmouth, from small low doors into truly miniature apartentitled “ The Pelot of Arnold and Sir Henry New York, in December, 1809. The vil ments. I saw hanging against a wall, the Clinton against the United States of Ame- lages through which we passed,' says he, mail skirt of Francis I. which is mentioned rica, and against General Washington, in were neither handsome, nor picturesque in in Mad. du Deffand's letters. There are September, 1780.". Though the United their situation. The houses bear the stamp some interesting portraits e. g. of his adStates have been independent now for above of poverty. Every thing is old and worn mired Mad. de Sevigné, Mad. de Grignan, thirty years, many of the details, both civil out; but the windows are clean and good, and La l'ayette. On the table is the inkand inilitary, of that memorable revolution, and one seldom sees an old hat or a bundle stand of Mäd. de Sevigné. A rich source of are not known with sufficient precision. of rags applied to stop a broken pane, as is recollection and meditation! The rapid all Even the defection of Arnold is but vaguely frequently the case in America, where they destroying march of time, has removed Walrelated in the memoirs of those times, not indeed build houses, but never repair them. pole, Mad. du Deffand, Voltaire, D'Alemexcepting the voluminous Life of Washing- The inhabitants look healthy and are well bert, and the whole society of which the ton, by Mr. J. Marshall. This volume, though clothed, but they are rather slender than ro- Duke and Duchess of Choiseul were the published after so long an interval, is the bust, and the female sex looks in proportion soul, to such a distance from us, that this more deserving or attention, because it is stronger than the male.”

period already loses itself in the age of Louis written by a nobleman of high character, who “At the end of a dirty street, we suddenly XIV. and blends with the manners which had the best means of obtaining authentic found ourselves before a great building, Madame de Sevigné has pourtrayed.” information. The author, though he has which I presuined to be St. Paul's. I got not affixed his name, is known to be Count out of the coach to view it. Though I had

POETRY Barbé Marbois, Peer of France, who was Se- seen many prints of St. Paul's, the sight of

BARON DE BERGAMO. cretary to the French Legation in the United it surprised me. I had imagined this edifice

Does any one amongst ye know States, in the latter years of the war. To heavier, and of greater extelit: but I have the volume is prefiscd a preliminary dis- never seen any more noble, more rich, more Can any one describe the line course on the United States; and notes, simply grand, and of finer proportions, than

Of this great Knight of Caroline? some of which are highly interesting, are I found here. Unhappily ihe whole temple annexed to it. Though many readers will is, as it were, veiled in rows of houses.”

The courier of a king or Quecn, probably think the author too partial to the

And, that liis only pride and boast “One can traverse the whole of London,

Was riding for the ladies post. Americans, the work will be read with deep and always know where one is, by means of

Others make llarlequin his part, interest by all who presage the important the inain streets. It is far more easy to find

Hero of pantomimic art. results, even now dimly seen through the one's way in London than in Paris, where Wbom next they'll make a Columbine, veil of futurity, which must be developed in there are no such clues, unless we take the 'Twould not be easy to divine.

The inighty man or Bergamo?

Some say the hero late has beeu

3

I. E. L.

TO THE MEMORY OF SOPHIA.

spectral scenes in Don Juan. The mu-jit requires no small degree of skill on the 1

sical accents of the phantom, wbile on part of the vocal and instrumentai perNo more, ye bowr's! I seek your cool retreat; No more on Philomela's strain I dwell.

horseback, present harmonic combina- formers to' execute all this may be easily No more, O Naiad ! do my wandering feet

tions, never heard before, its sepulchral supposed ! and hence it is that on many Delight to linger near thy crystal cell.

sounds thrill awful horror through our theatres on the continent this peculiar For, oh ye beauteous scenes! though swift-wing a Time, frame; we hear a supernatural being specimen of Mozart's talent is omitted in

With wasting had, has made no change in you; speak supernaturally; we recollect the the opera.
Though still ye florish in your richiest prime,

mournful and feeble groans of Homer's And see each spring bestow a lovelier hue;

A word or two more on the subject of shades. But what is our astonishment, the Overture. Our readers will scarcely Yet with far other eyes I view your cbarms,

when, on looking at the score, we find credit our assertion, when we inform Far other thoughts your once loved haunts inspire Since that dread day, when in these hapless arms,

that one and the same note under various them, that this original composition, I saw Sophia's faded form expire.

original harmonies, has produced this which is on all hands admitted to be a

surprising effect. In the Finale of the masterpiece of genius and science, was Moment of horror! when the hand of death, In night eternal, quench'd her eyes' soft fame;

second act, the Spectre more properly begun and finished in one night. Mozart When her dear lips, with their last fleeting breath, forms one of the dramatis personæ; and wrote the Opera of Don Juan for the

In trembling accents sigh'd her Henry's name, here, above every thing, the skill and Theatre at Prague, (1787.) The songs,
Then in my sight all nature seemed to fade ; genius of the composer baffles all con- finales, in short all the vocal pieces of

Each beauteous scene was veil'd in midnight gloom, ception: it speaks throughout a lan the work had been finished, studied by
And nought appear'd, save yon deep cypress shade,
That low'ring bends abovc Sophia's tomb.

guage totally different from the rest of the singers, and rehearsed; nay; the last

the characters. How originally sublime grand rehearsal took place, without the FINE ARTS.

is not the passage set, where the ghost, Overture being even begun by the com

refusing Don Juan's wanton invitation to poser, although the public performance KING'S THEATRE-ITALIAN OPERA. join the repast, utters the words—Non was fixed for the next day.

Mozart's MOZART'S DON JUAN. si pasci di cibo mortale, chi si pasce di friends, his wife, and above all the MaMozart's grand serious Opera Il Don cibo celeste, (No mortal viands for him nager, were in a state of alarm, easily to Giovanni, (Don Juan,) or İl Dissoluto that lives on heavenly food.)

be conceived, they represented to bim punito, (The Libertine Destroyed,) is The finale of the first act in our opi- the ruinous consequences, to the Theatre announced for Tuesday next, the sth nion leaves far behind every other com- as well as to himsell, which must result instant, and the grand rehearsal has al- position of the same kind; not excepting from an eventual disappointigent, and ready taken place.-Conceiving that a Mozart's own works ; the varied charac- conjured him not to blast his greatest few historical and critical particulars re- ter and style of its successive movements, work by so wanton a procrastination.lating to this Opera will be acceptable the admirable skill with which these are “ I shall write the Overture this afterto our readers, previously to the repre- linked upon each other, the inexliaustible noon; I have it all iu my head,” was the seutation, we dedicate to this purpose store of ideas, sublime and comic, and answer given to them. The afternoon the space left at our disposal by the in- above all the richness and originality of came; but Mozart, seduced by the fineterruption in all theatrical performances the instrumental accompaniments will ness of the weather, took a trip into the during this week.

never perhaps be equalled. This finale, country, and made merry, returned in the This Opera is, by many good judges, moreover, is remarkable, on account of a evening, and sat down-to a bowl of considered as Mozart's masterpiece: for peculiar wbim of Mozart's, a concetto, punch with some friends, who trembled ourselves, we do not feel bold enough to which we should condemn, were it noi at the idea of his situation. It was midjoin in that verdict of absolute pre- that the particular occasion which sug- night before he left iliis jovial party in a eminence. Mozart bimself would pro- gested the idea, completely justified its state so little calculated for mental exerbably have besitated in pronouncing such execution. The libertine gives a ball, tion, that lie determined to lie down for a sentence. Ask the connoisseurs in all the performers are on the stage, all an hour, at the same time charging Mrs. painting which is Raffaelle's best picture, dance and sing at the same time; only Mozart' to call him at the expiration of and few will be found to agree in this one party dances a minuet, while another that time. The fond wife, seeing bim in answer.

waltzes, and a third groupe skips a coun- the sweetest slumber, and conscious of That the Opera of Don Juan is not try dance. One and the same Theme or his power, suffered him to lie two hours, surpassed by any other work of its au- musical subject is made to serve this called him up, made a bowl of punch, his thor, we readily admit: it is an effort of threefold object : that is to say: the same favorite beverage, put pen, ink and staves transcendant musical genius which will melody is simultaneously

is simultaneously cast into before him, sat down by his side, and command the admiration and astonish-:1, and time, and the orchestra, while filling the glass, entertained the ment of ages to come. Without entering which with that view subdivides itself composer with a number of laughable into a critical analysis of its score, we into three distinct bands, executes this stories, in the telling of which she posshall content ourselves with pointing out threefold task at the same time. But sessed a peculiar talent. Mozart listened a few features of peculiar interest in such is the consummate art with which with the greatest glee, and laughed till this composition.

this original idea has been put in practice, the tears trickled down his eyes. The manner in which Shakspeare bas that far from producing any thing border-once the divine spark within bim brightintroduced the ghost of Hamlet's father, ing on a “ Dutch Medley,” the tout en- ened into radiant fame, be felt “full of forms, in our opinion, a leading beauty semble of this tripartite score blends the God,” and exclaimed, “ Now is the in that Drama. The operations of ge- itself into such perfect harmony, ibat it time, Constantia ; now we are in trim nius, under similar circumstances, will requires more than a common ear, to for it.” Showers of crotchers and quavers ever produce similar effects; bence Mo- perceive the artifice and science which now gushed froin the rapid pen. At zart appears to have acted under the like iurk as it were under this unique and times, however, and in the midst of writ. genial inspiration, iu his treatment of the original compositorial manæuvre. That ing, nature would assert her sway, and

All at

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