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in which the progress towards amelioration must be gra The Fifth Part of Sir William Dugdale's History of St. Paul's dual. Some extraordivary incongruities, however, might Cathedral, with important additions, by H. Ellis, Esq. keeper even now have been avoided. One room in the palace of the MSS. in the British Museum, has been delayed beyond of Ulysses was of Moorish architecture, in which the Mus- the promised time of publication, for the purpose of admitting

a number of additional copper plates, which are now nearly sulman crescent was not forgotten, while another apart- finished. ment appeared decorated in the most florid style of the Russell Institution.--A Course of Lectures on the PhiCorinthian order, and the fine scene which represented losophy of Chemistry, by Dr. Meyler, will commonce on Friday, the exterior of the royal abode, exhibited an accumulation the 7th of February, at Three o'Cluck in the Alternoon. of splendid magnificence little accordant with 1hat age, and

The Town and Country Magazine, for Economic Circulation, the ways and means of the Chief of one of the least of our appears on the 1st of February.

IN THE PRESS. Ionian Islands.-In all these matters we hope to see pro

The Home of Love, a Poem, by Mrs. Henry Rolls, dedigressive improvement. An establishmert like this ought, cated by permission to Her Royal Highness the Princess above all others, to be free from any objections on the Charlotte of Wales. score of scenery, costume, decorations, and properties. A Satirical Novel, by an Officer of the Guards, entitled

lo the Ballet, the novelties, both as to performers and“ Six Weeks' Residence at Long's,” which promises to excite performances, are as yet inconsiderable. A new little much attention in the fashionable world. divertissement, liglit and neat enough, called L'Amour

Melincourt; by the Author of Headlong Ilall, 3 vols.

Æsop modernised and moralised, in a series of instructive vengé, and brought out by Monsieur Léon, introduced to Tales, as reading lessons for youth, followed by skeletons of the audience two vew dancers, Mademoiselle Volet and the several Tales, with leading questions and liivits, &c. Monsieur Simon, in subordinate characters, in which they Foreign Libraries, &c. Our literary countrymen, now at acquitted themselves creditably. This and Gardel's Bal- Paris, are expected to be great purchasers at the sale of Count let, La Dansomanie, acted last season, bave bitherto Maccarthy's Library. Four Guineas are demanded for a Caformed the only exhibitions of the Corps de Ballet, which salogue ! The lovers of virtu are also in cager expectation of as yet is by no means in a state of effective strength. Se the sale of the Marquis De Dree's Muscum, which commences

on Monday next. veral new dancers are announced, and report speaks

NEW BOOKS. highly of their acquisition. The Minuet de la Cour, as Narrative of a Residence in Ireland, during the years 1814 danced by Mademoiselle Milanie and Vestris in La Dan- and 1815. By Anne Plumptre, 410. plates, somanie, appears to us the most finished display of orches Scripture Essays adapted to the Holidays of the Church of tic science and taste.

England. By Mrs. West. 2 vols. 12mo. 12s. We understand that Mozart's sublime Opera of Don Persons in France and England. Published every two months.

The Correspondent, consisting of Letters between Eminent Juan is at present under active rehearsal at the King's No. 1. 8vo. 58. Theatre. For this the manager, Mr. Ayrton, is entitled

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TO CORRESPONDENTS. niost general point of view. The admirably faithful delineations of real life, exhibited in her novel of O'Donnel, in THE Proprietors trust that the liberality and candour of duce is to look forward with some in patience to the perusal of their readers will not be wanting towards the First Number of a spirited and amusing work, on a subject which has certainly a work, as arduous in its execution as it is novel in ils plan and not yet been treated with the attention it deserves.

objects. The introductory matter, which must always form the Lackington and Co. having recently increased their stock of basis of an opening Number, necessarily gives a length to muny old Books by the purchase of several large Libraries, are pre-articles, which cannot again occur, nor again interfere with paring a New Catalogue of their entire collection, the first part the variety intended to characterise their weekly labours. Of of which will be published in a few weeks.

this, they feel confident that their Second Number will ufforda Mr. Bliss is proceeding with his new and greatly enlarged condincing proof. edition of the Athenä Oxonienses, of which the third volune To our already numerous Correspondents we have many thanks will be ready in the ensuing spring.

to return, for fudors conferred, and proinises of future contribue The tenih number of Portraits of Illustrious Personagestions. Our pages will always be open to Essays of Tusie of Great Britain, with Biographical Memoirs, by Mr. Lodge, and Fancy, and also to Disquisitions of a graver nature relative will be published in February.

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Journal of the belles Lettres.



SATURDAY, FEB. 1, 1817.


ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE. dreams of Alchymy and of Astrology, that we have arrived at

the sciences of Chemistry and of Astronomy. The re-i SAXON LITERATURE.

collection of these aberrations is not without utility, inasınuch

as it indicates the rocks upon which our predecessors have Exlract of a Letter from Dresden.

split; but, on the other hand, the bistory of the sciences "NOTWITHSTANDING the deep wounds inflicted on our affords new materials for busthening the memory, already country by the pressure of the times, this capital of overladen by other causes. Saxony still maintains its ancient glory of being the Temple before us, by enlarging the horizon of the human intellect,

Hitherto, however, the discoveries of those who have gone of the fine Arts, and the seat of hospitality. By the judi- have only opened a wider career to their successors; a career, cious exertions of Count Nitzhum, Superintendant of the indeed, whose extent knows no limits. Years, nay ages may Royal Theatres, both the Italian Opera and the German pass away, before the reproductive germs of the cryptogamia Theatre have been placed on a footing that merits the are satisfactorily ascertained, and that class blutted from the bighest praise. 'Vandyke's Life in the Country,' by Frederick system of Linnæus. Vint, opens a new cla s of Dramas, and by the beauty of This multiplication of facts either developed or indicated the poetry, the illusion of the scenery, and the admirable merely for enquiry; this complication of objects and of relations,

leads naturally to a search after some clue for traversing the performance of the actors, combines with uncommon labyrinth it creates, and gives birth 10. improvements in effect all the theatrical arts. It has been repeatedly per- analysis, which by generalizations, and by the classifying of fornied with continually increasing applause. Our prin-objects, originates sounder methods of philosophy, and ihus cipal painters, Matthæi, Hartmann, Von Kugelgen, Klen- staking out the routes of science, renders them at once gel, &c. produce admirable works of every class; and shorter and more certain. if Grassi leaves us to go to Rome, where he is appointed

The earliest writer who presented the different parts of human : Director of the Saxon school in that city, we have, how- knowledge to our contemplation, as springing, like the branch

es of a tree, from one common stock, and as forming together ever, many valuable additions to the number of our one connected and continuous whole, was Bacon. The sciences Artists. Among these is the ingenious sculptor Matthæi, have all indeed an air of family resemblance, and their who is come from Italy to us, with his Roman wife. In mutual relation cannot be mistaken, when the intermediate the drawing and model room of our academy, students are links are seized by which they are united. Thus it may be daily at work, and a very useful Sunday school is esta- remarked, that RAMEAU successfully applied geometry to blished for the apprentices of mechanics, in whose pro- persons, at once skilled in sculpture and in chemistry, that

music, and LEORET to midwifery; and it was by the efforts of fessions a knowledge of drawing is necessary. The King's means were discovered for removing that vegetable growth wardrobe, (called the Grüne Gewölbe,) which has been which corrodes the surface of marbles, destroys the lustre of closed for many years on account of the unfavorable their polish, and threatens the permanence of their forms. : times, has been opened to the curious since the end of the How many edifices are there, on the other hand, destined for summer; and being arranged in nine saloons, in a much public assemblies, which, instead of reverberating the elobetter manner than before, offers a most instructive and quence of the orator, reduce all sounds to an inarticulate murentertaining exhibition of the treasures of nature and art.” mur, and which would have been more happily constructed, if

the phenomena of acoustics were not unknown to the generality Plan of a general Association of learned and scientific men, and of architects !

The sciences of medals and of botany, may in like manner of Artists of all Nations, for accelerating the progress of Civi- be successfully applied to elucidate each other; nor is there lization, of Morals, and of Illumination. By the Abbé Gregoire, any branch of erudition less perfectly cultivated than that Ez-Bishop of Blois. Translated and arranged by Sir T. Charles which seeks illustrations of the history of the arts in works Morgan, M. D. (Continued.)

which have no immediate connexion with the subject. BeckTo ask whether an association of the literary and scientific distinguished himself in this career: the memoirs of AHEILHON,

Man, following in the steps of SANCIROLE, has most particularly men of all nations would forward the interests of civili- on the Spartium, on the tinctorial plants, and on the colouring zation, is in other words, to demand whether the removal materials of the ancients; those of Mongez on their tissues, of an enormous mass is best accomplished by applying our and on their methods of working the metals, are convincing forces separately and individually, or by employing them evidences of the importance of this mode of research. The simultaneously and in combination. We have but to recal the writings of PAUL ZACEENIUS, ? of CANGIAMILA, ' &c. consulted fable of the Bundle of Sticks, adopted in the heraldry of so alike by lawyers, physicians, and divines, attest the connexion many corporations, with its appropriate device of “our union between the learned professions ; but the literary and scientific is our force." In proportion as we advance in the succession are by no means sufficiently acquainted with the miscellaneous of ages, discoveries multiply, and less remains to be ascertained. information scattered through the works of authors purely Machinery and processes, which genius alone could have in ascetic. Few are aware, that three lines of St. Avoustin, vented, are reconstructed and repeated with little intellectual effort; and aphorisms, which required the most abstruse re * See Rapport fait a l'Institut par VAUQUELIN, &c. &c. sur Section to elicit, are retained and applied by a mere act of le nettoiement des Statues, &c. 18 Thermidor, An. 8. This memory: But before such results become the property of effect is produced by covering the surfaces with a preparation mankind, how much time is lost in balancing conjectures, of wax.

T. and in examining opinions! what efforts have been necessary Questione medico legale. · Embryologia. to separate faces from systems ! It was only thro ughthe Homily on Lazarus.


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against the torture, contain an abridgment of all that modern spring naturally from the subject, and have an obvious conjurisconsults have said on this subject; that in the homilies of nexion with the ends and object of the project under considerST. ASTERE D'ANASEE' there are some curious details respecting ation; with the facilitating scientific communication, the cir. embroidery; that St. BASIL ? has indicated the method em- culation of discoveries, the propagation of good writings and ployed by sailors for obtaining fresh water at sea, by collecting sound ideas, and the dissemination in all countries of every ihe vapour of the boiling fluid in sponges; that in the writings species of industry which their climate and circunstances will of Bishop Synesius there is a description of the Astrolabe; or permit them respectively to adopt. that the works of St. ISIDORE, Bishop of Seville, and those of It is an obvious argument, for cavilling and criticism, that the Dominican Monk, VINCENT DE BEAUVAIS, abound in curious the happiest efforts of human intellect' have been made, indedetails of agriculture, &c.

pendently of academic assistance; that Homer and Hestop It is seldom that discoveries are hit off at once : if by a lucky produced their Chef-d'oeuvres in solitude; that THEOCRITUS hazard such an event does occasionally take place, as in the received no aids in composing his poetry, but such as the mere case of the telescope, and of the composition of Prussian blue, aspect of nature afforded, and that Tacitus was not a member it much more usually happens, that inventions are perfected by of any learned society, but it is too much lo conclude, from a continued series of efforts. The first notions of the Newto-sucha instances, that academics are altogether useless. In cernian system may perhaps be traced in the writings of the tain branches of stuly, it is true, these institutions are of less venerable BEDE; 'nor would it in the least detract from the avail than in others, and too often they have become injuelevation at which the English philosopher is offered to the rious, by their attempts at monopoly; but are we to suppose admiration of posterity, should we even suppose him to have that HERODOTUS, Piato, or Pliny, would not gladly have borrowed from that source,

embraced the advantages which academic establishments hold Universal genius, Encyclopedic acquirement, is a chimæra forth for increasing the stock of human information? more than ever appreciated at its legitimate value. The pre Travelling, it is true, tends to rectify uld notions and to tension of a Picus MIRANDOLA would meet in our own days suggest new; but the power of rambling has its limits, and it with inevitable ridicule. Some authors, indeed, of peculiar is far from being within the reach of every member of the genius, have written with success upon subjects extremely learned corps: and to this deficiency scientific communication different. LEIBNITZ was at once a great geometrician and an is the natural supplement. In works of pure refle: lion, assoerudite scholar. But if, with a few exceptions, great extent of ciations are unquestionably less useful--the “ Essay on the surface betrays a proportionate shallowness, it is still true, that Human Understanding," the “ Kesearch after Truth," or the the differeni branches of science vivify each other, and that poem On the Imaginution," might have been completed by none can be successfully cultivated in perfect insulation. It is Locke, Malúranche, or Delille in a desert; but to inter that to this conviction that we owe the project of a society, 4 des academies capable of purifying the taste, of clearing up difficul. tined to embrace at once the Sciences and the Belles Lettres, ties, and opening new sulijecis to meditation, are positively and to facilitate the means of their progress and extension. useless, is a most forced and unwarrantable conclusion. Shail

It may perhaps be objected, that for the legitimate purposes of nothing also be allowed for that enthusiasm and emulation scientific union, the intercourse by the post and by commerce, which must ever spring from the intercourse between persons and above all, by the interchange of books, is sufficient : that united in the common career of noble and of useful este voyagers are constantly employed in disseminating the dis- quiries? coveries of distant nations, and that in some instances even Antiquity was acquainted with but two learned languages; the diplomatic agents co-operate to the same end. But if men for the Hebrew was of too restricted an use to be taken into of letters exert themselves to approximate and connect the the account. Besides these, and the numerous Asiatic dialects people of different nations, the rivality of governments, by which occupy the moderns, there are at least ten or twelve fomenting national hatred and exciting religious feuds, but too European languages employed by the literati of the present effectually interferes to break the chain of communication. day, and the nunber is yet daily increasing. The Russians, Five and iwenty years of dearly earned experience sufficiently the Pules, the Hungarians, and the Illyrians begin to possess prove the truth of this proposition.

a literature of their own; and this multiplication of languages If the utility of any such literary communication between raises new barriers to separate the learned. The ancients had different nations be undeniable, a project which tends to ensure in this respect great advantage over the moderns, who are conand extend it, needs no justification. LALANDE, the astrono- demned to spend a very considerable portion of their lives.in mer, felt the importance of this intercourse, and Gotho, under the study of words, that they may not remain ignorant of very the auspices of an enlightened government, was even enabled many things. The memory thus loaded becomes less capable to procure an assembly of astronomers. As this congress of useful application : what numbers are there, among the could not be annually brought together, Gutno endeavoured learned, so encumbered with this baggage as to be unable to to supply its place, by publishing yearly a conspectus of astro- compose or even to analyse a work of moderate raliocination nomical labours and discoveries ; an useful undertaking, that and sequence of idea ! Thus the importance of a scientific congress might be beneficially extended to such other branches of is daily increasing; if it be only considered as a means of science as are cultivated by a few well-known persons; such promoting the translations of foreign works, and of creating a particularly is that of the education of the deaf and dumb. more frequent correspondence, both verbal and epistolary,

That the existing means of communication are not sufficient, between the learned, now so widely diffused over the surface of is abundantly evident; for notwithstanding the more active the earth. intercourse which subsists between men of science, than among The utility then of the project seems incontrovertibly the mere literati, the most useful inventions are propagated proved ; let us next examine if its establishment be possible. with extreme tardiness.

(To be continued.) In a well regulated city the poorest streets are lighted, from motives of police, equally with the gayest quarters; and is

LETTERS FROM LONDON. moral illumination of less importance to the community? Considerations like these cannot be deemed digressive. They TABITHA, my good sister, this head of mine is disi De civitate Dei.

tracted. The cracking of whips, the bawling of news. 3 Tom. I. p. 31. Homily on the Hexhemeron.

men, the grinding of organs, and a hundred carriages ratSee antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church, Edit. 2. Lon. Hing through my brain-these are the tunes my pen is pp. 338, 339. Bede de ratione tempor. cap. 27. p. 116.

dancing to. The French Institute, now dissolved into separate Academies. I have now travelled over a great part of the city, and


such a city! Actually the people here make no differencement, but you will never it upon-a pair of stays! Yet between a mile and a step. They told me it was only a so it is, our beaus, our patriarchs, our very heroes wear step from Bond-street to Temple-bar. Fancy then a step ladies' stays. There was a most promising young fellow where you are jostled by two thousand passengers, and shot through the stays at Waterloo, who unhappily died of where, before you have struggled half way, you feel the an hæmorrhage before he could be unlaced. greatest mind in the world to turn into a shop and make But how shall I describe to you the costume of the your will. Here a fellow forces a slip of paper upon you, women ? Though it is now the middle of winter, they which directs you either to a property or to a pill. Next clap whole baskets of flowers on their heads : they are comes a creature four feet high, and attempts, as he passes, walking gardens; Eves in the street by their roses, and to raise bis umbrella over your own. Then you must Eves in the drawing-room by their nakedness. stand five minutes at a corner, while a black coalheaver Oihers however prefer black bonnets of a-most awful and his black horses go by in slow procession. I say no height; so that if they have not tongues of Babel, at thing of mud. My washer-women and I must settle that least they have its Tower. This bonnet is surmounted witlı account.

a drooping plume of black feathers, while the rest of the But a still greater hindrance arises from a set of ungainly dress is gaudy to a very rainbow. The whole seems á comwalkers who infest all the fashionable streets. They con- position between a Lord Mayor's coach and a hearse. Nay, sist, for the most part, of certain prim - ladies and gentle-'tis said, that under this hearse they sometimes wear men, who have acquired a knack of walking too fast and tresses cut from the head of a murderess, or a hanged shetoo slow at the same time ;--too fast for the lazy loungers, poisoner of good-natured families. There may be some and too slow for the smart men of business; besides going moral in this intimacy between beauty and the grave, but so zigzag, that just when you think you have got room to really there appears to be very little táste. pass them, they tack right ahead, and let you drop back. As for their putting on trowsers, I confess I am not into their wake. And yet, strange to tell, the pathways surprised at the phænomenon. If men will stoop to wear are crowded with girls, who, I am imformed, are walkers stays, it follows naturally enough, that women will wear of streets by profession. I wish with all my heart the breeches. these prim ladies and gentlemen would take lessons from But there is one natural charm which I had thought them.

fashion itself would never attempt to change—a straight But nothing astonished me more, as I went along, than back. Yet, now-a-days, the spine must seem broken before the unseemly contiguity of hovels and palaces, of shops a lady can be well made; and to make the fracture easier, that perfume and shops that stink. A butcher's trough the waist must take its rise under her armpits. A little and a nobleman's portico are no uncommon neighbours : stuffing completes the piece of humpy gentility; but I shall an undertaker sticks himself by the side of a toyman; never think the picture perfect, till she arives at the deeven a Prince's hicuse, they tell me, stands in a stable-crepid appendage of a long cane. yard; and I have myself seen jewels glittering next door Only last year women walked with their pockets in their to fat bacon; and ihus, without a metaphor, throwing hands, and men with their hands in their pockets. Since pearls before swine.

then, tinies are grown bad; so men do not care to feel But no wonder these incongruities of architecture should much where nothing can be found. But where should you occur, where we see just as great an anomaly of manners. suppose women have their pockets now? I will tell youThe only difference bere between menials and gentlemen between their blade-bones!!! By the shades of the Ap is this, that the footman endeavours to be as genteel as his Fluellens, 'tis true. The fillies strap portmanteaus upon master, and tlie master tries hard to be as vulgar as his their backs and canter into the streets ! fontman. Would you suppose there are coachmen in town Any morning that I go out, and find the fashions altered, worth thirty thousand a-year? Truly there are, Sister; I shall let you know. In the meanwhile, there are other but the jest is, that so far from making their money by terpies. I need not describe the public buildings, which driving, they often contrive to lose every farthing of it? the family I am amongst (of whom, by the way, you shall At first I missed seeing a number of our greatest charac-hear,) have taken me to see. They have alrcady shown ters, because I foolishly looked into their coaches for me the Tower, St. Paul's, and the Bazaar,-a place where them. But, in this way, I saw all their coachmen and you buy bad things with bad money. We bad fixed on grooms. These, you must know, have the inside places, yesterday for Westminster-Hall; but the place being 100 and commonly amuse themselves with grinning at the mul- crowded, we went away. However, we found no bad titude; who, however, are too busy grinning at their mas- substitute in a visit to Bedlam. Farewell. ters, to perceive them.

As for the dresses of the people, were I not certain you repose unlimited confidence in my veracity, you should

CRITICAL ANALYSIS. not have a siogle line on the subject. What will you say when I tell you, that half our fine gentlemen are' shod with Memoirs of the Public and Private Life of the Right horse shoes? the faet is notorious ; nay, often have 1 Hon. R. B. SHERIDAN : with a particular Account of his jumped aside from couples of them clattering at my heels, family and connexions. By John Watkins, LL. D. lest 1 should be run over.

The death of the distinguished character who forms But if they affect the dray-borse about the heel, they the subject of the present volunie, although he had for pique themselves upon having a waist like a wasp. You some years withdrawn from public life, and although it might think Garagentua had caught them by the middle, was attended with no political consequences whatsoever, and squeezed it miserably : you might fancy a thousand excited perhaps a stronger general sensation throughout horrid causes : some new disorder, some Ovidian punish- the whole of society, than that of any of those contempo

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