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had intrigues with the wives of senators, not out of - wantonness, but stratagem.

It is a thousand pities you should be so severely 4 virtuous as I fear you are; otherwise, after one visit or two, you would soon understand that we women

of the town are not such useless correspondents as - you may imagine: you have undoubtely heard that ' it was a courtezan who discovered Catiline's conspiracy. If you print this I will tell you more; and ain in the mean time,


• Sir,

"Your most humble servant,


• Mr. Spectator, "I AM an idle young woman that would work for my livelihood, but that I am kept in such a manner 6 as I cannot stir out. My tyrant is an old jealous fellow, who allows me'nothing to appear in. I have but one shoe and one slipper: no head-dress, and no upper petticoat. As you set up for a reformer, I de

would take me out of this wicked way, and keep me yourself.


sire you

* Mr. Spectator,

I AM to complain to you of a set of impertinent coxcombs, who visit the apartments of us women of the town, only, as they call it, to see the worid. I must confess to you, this to men of delicacy might have an effect to cure them; but as they are stupid, ' noisy, and drunken fellows, it tends only to make ..vice in themselves, as they think, pleasant and inumourous, and at the same time nauseous in us. I

shall, Sir, hereafter, from time to time, give you the " names of these wretches who pretend to enter our

houses merely as spectators. These men think it wit

to use us ill: pray tell them, however worthy we are of such treatment, it is unworthy them to be guilty 6 of it towards us.

Pray, Sir, take notice of this, and pity the oppressed: I wish we could add to it, the innocent.'



.......ελον όνειρον.


........... Deluding vision of the night.


the case,

SOME ludicrous schoolmen have


that if an ass were placed between two bundles of hay, which affected his senses equally on each side, and tempted him in the very same degree, whether it would be possible for him to eat of either. They generally determine this question to the disadvantage of the ass, who, they say, would starve in the midst of plenty, as not having a single grain of free-will to determine him more to the one than to the other. The bundle of hay on either side striking his sight and smell in the same proportion, would keep him in a perpetual suspense, like the two magnets which, travellers have told us, are placed one of them in the roof, and the other in the floor of Mahomet’s burying place at Mecca, and by that means, say they, pull the impostor's iron coffin with such an equal attraction, that it hangs in the air between both of them. As for the ass's behaviour in such nice circumstances, whether he would starve sooner than viofate his neutrality to the two bundles of hay, I shall not presume to determine: but only take notice of the conduct of our own species in the same perplexity. When a man has


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a mind to venture his money in a lottery, every figure of it appears equally alluring, and as likely to succeed as any of its fellows. They all of them have the * same pretensions to good luck, stand upon the same foot of competition, and no manner of reason can be given why a man should prefer one to the other before the lottery is drawn. In this case, therefore, caprice very often acts in the place of reason, and forms to itself some groundless imaginary motive, where real and substantial ones are wanting. Iknow a well-meaning man that is very well pleased to risk his fortune upon the number 1711, because it is the year of our Lord. I am acquainted with a tacker that would give a good deal for the number 134. On the contrary, I have been told of a certain zealous dissenter, who being a great enemy to popery, and believing that bad men are the most fortunate in this world, will lay two to one on the number 666 against any other number, because, says he, it is the number of the beast. Several would prefer the number 12,000 before any other, as it is the number of the pounds in the great prize. In short, some are pleased to find their own age in their number; some that they have got a number which makes a pretty appearance in the cyphers; and others because it is the same number that succeeded in the last lottery. Each of these, upon no other grounds, thinks he stands fairest for the great lot, and that he is possessed of what may not be improperly called - The Golden Number.'

These principles of election are the pastimes and extravagancies of human reason, which is of so busy a nature, that it will be exerting itself in the meanest trifles, and working even when it wants materials.. The wisest of men are sometimes actuated by such unaccountable motives, as the life of the fool and the superstitious is guided by nothing else.

I am surprised that none of the fortune-tellers, or, as the French call, the Diseurs de bonne Avanture, who

any of

publish their bills in every quarter of the town, have jot turned our lotteries to their advantage: did them set up for a caster of fortunate figures, what might be not get by his pretended discoveries and predictions ?

I remember, among the advertisements in the PostBoy of September the 27th, I was surprised to see the following one:

“ This is to give notice, that ten shillings over and 56 above the market price, will be given for the ticket " in 1,500,000). lottery, No. 132, by Nath. Cliff, at the 46 Bible and Three Crowns in Cheapside."

This advertisement has given great matter of speculation to coffee-house theorists. Mr. Cliff's principles and conversation have been canvassed upon this occasion, and various conjectures made why he should thus set his heart upon No. 132. I have examined all the powers in those numbers, broken them into fractions, extracted the square and cube root, divided and multiplied them all ways, but could not arrive at the secret till about three days ago, when I received the following letter from an unknown hand, by which I find that Mr. Nathaniel Cliff is only the agent, and not the principal in this advertisement.

* Mr. Spectator,

I AM the person that lately advertised that I would " give ten shillings more than the current price for

the ticket No. 132 in the lottery now drawing; which * is a secret I have communicated to some friends 6 who rally me incessantly upon that account. You *must know I have but one ticket, for which reason, and a certain dream I have lately had more than • once, I was resolved it should be the number I most • approved. I am so positive I have pitched upon the great lot, that I could almost lay all I am worth of

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it. My visions are so frequent and strong upon this occasion, that I have not only possessed the lot, but

disposed of the money which in all probability it - will sell for. This morning in particular, I set up

an equipage which I look upon to be the gayest in the town; the liveries are very rich, but not gaudy. • I should be very glad to see a speculation or two upon lottery subjects, in which you would oblige all people concerned, and in particular

"Your most humble servant,

. GEORGE GOSLING,' 'P. S. Dear Spec, if I get the 12,000). I will make thee a handsome present.'

After having wished my correspondent good luck, and thanked him for his intended kindness, I shall for this time dismiss the subject of the lottery, and only observe, that the greatest part of mankind are in some degree guilty of my friend Gosling's extravagance. We are apt to rely upon future prospects, and become really expensive, while we are only rich in possibility. We live up to our expectations, not to our possessions, and make a figure proportionable to what we may be, not what we are. We outrun our present income, as not doubting to disburse ourselves out of the profits of some future place, project, or reversion that we have in view. It is through this temper of mind, which is so common among us, that we see tradesmen break, who have met with no misfortunes in their business; and men of estates reduced to poverty, who have never suffered from losses or repairs, tenants, taxes, or law-suits. In short, it is their foolish sanguine temper, this depending upon contingent futurities, that occasions romantic generosity, chimerical grandeur, senseless ostentation, and generally ends in beggary and ruin. The man who will live above his present circumstances, is in great danger of living in a little time much beneath them, or, as the Italian pro

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