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and not to drink to one another only, but sometimes cast a kind look with their service to,

. Sir,

Your humble servant.'

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Mr. Spectator, I am a young gentleman, and take it for a piece of good-breeding to pull off my hat when I see any

thing peculiarly charming in any woman, whether " I know her or not. I take care that there is nothing

ludicrous or arch in my manner, as if I were to be

tray a woman into a salutation by way of jest or ( humour; and except I am acquainted with her, I

find she ever takes it for a rule, that she is to look upon this civility and homage I pay to her supposed

merit, as an impertinence or forwardness which she o is to observe and neglect. I wish, Sir, you would ( settle the business of salutation; and please to in

form me how I shall resist the sudden impulse I • have to be civil to what gives an idea of merit ; or o tell these creatures how to behave themselves in re« turn to the esteem I have for them. My affairs are ( such, that your decision will be a favour to me, if

it be only to save the unnecessary expence of wear• ing out my hat so fast as I do at present,

"I am, Sir,
• Your's,

D. T.'

P. S.

6 There are some will not bow to me.'

nat do know me, and



.Ab ovo

Usque ad mala..........


From eggs which first are set upon the board,
To apples ripe, with which it last is stor’d.

WHEN I have finished any of my speculations, it is

my method to consider which of the ancient authors have touched upon the subject that I treat of. By this means I meet with some celebrated thoughts upon it, or a thought of my own expressed in better words, or some similitude for the illustration of my Bubject. This is what gives birth to the motto of a speculation, which I rather choose to take out of the poets than the prose writers, as the former generally give a finer turn to a thought than the latter; and by couching it in few words, and in harmonious numbers, make it more portable to the memory.

My reader is therefore sure to meeť with at least one good line in every paper, and very often finds his imagination entertained by a hint that awakens in his memory some beautiful passage of a classic author.

It was a saying of an ancient philosopher, which I find some of our writers have ascribed to queen Elizabeth, who perhaps might have taken occasion to repeat it, “ that a good face is a letter of recommendation.” It naturally makes the beholders inquisitive into the person who is the owner of it, and generally prepossesses them in his favour. A handsome motto has the same effect. Besides that it always gives a supernumerary beauty to a paper, and is sometimes in a manner necessary when the writer is engaged in what may appear a paradox to vulgar minds, as it shews that he is supported by good authorities, and is pot singular in his opinion.

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I must confess, the motto is of little use to an unlearned reader, for which reason I consider it only as " a word to the wise.” But as for my unlearned friends, if they cannot relish the motto, I take care to make provision for them in the body of my paper. If they do not understand the sign that is hung out, they know very well by it, that they may meet with entertainment in the house; and I think I was never better pleased than with a plain man's compliment, who, upon his friend's telling him that he would like the Spectator much better if he understood the motto, replied, "that good wine needs no bush.”

I have heard of a couple of preachers in a country. town, who endeavoured which should outshine one another, and draw together the greatest congregation. One of them being well versed in the fathers, used to quote every now and then a Latin sentence to his illiterate hearers, who it seems found themselves so edified by it, that they flocked in greater numbers to this learned man than to his rival. The other finding his congregation mouldering every Sunday, and hearing at length what was the occasion of it, resolved to give his parish a little Latin in his turn; but being unacquainted with any of the fathers, he digested into his sermons the whole book of Quæ Genus," adding however, such explications to as he thought might be for the benefit of his people. He afterwards entered upon "As in præsenti,” which he converted in the same manner to the use of his parishioners. This in a very little time thickened his audience, filled his church, and routed his antagonist.

The natural love to Latin, which is so prevalent in our common people, makes me think that my speculations fare never the worse among them from that little scrap which appears at the head of them; and what the more encourages me in the use of quotations in an unknown tongue, is, that I hear the ladies, whose' approbation I value more than that of the


whole learned world, declare themselves in a more particular manner pleased with my Greek mottos.

Designing this day's work for a dissertation upon the two extremities of my paper, and having already dispatched my motto, I shall, in the next piace, discourse upon those single capital letters, which are placed at the end of it, and which have afforded great matter of speculation to the curious. I have heard various conjectures upon this subject. Some tell us that C is the mark of those papers that are written by the clergyman, though others ascribe them to the club in general: that the papers marked with R were written by my friend Sir Roger: that_L signifies the lawyer, whom I have descrived in my second speculation; and that T stands for the trader or merchant: but the letter X, which is placed at the end of some few of my papers, is that which has puzzled the whole town, as they cannot think of any name which begins with that letter, except Xenophon and Xerxeswho can neither of them be supposed to have had any hand in these speculations.

In answer to these inquisitive gentiemen, who have many of them made enquiries of me by letter, I must tell them the reply of an ancient philosopher, who carried something hidden under his cloak. A certain acquaintance desiring him to let him know what it was he covered so carefully, “ I cover it,” says he, on pur. -$6

pose that you should not know.” I have made use of these obscure marks for the same purpose.

They are, perhaps, little amulets or charms to preserve the paper against the fascination and malice of evil eyes; for which reason I would not have my reader surprized, if bereafter he sees any of my papers ed with a Q. a Z. a Y, an &c. or with the word Abracadabra.

I shall, however, so far explain myself to the reader, as to let him know that the letters C, L, and X, are cabalistical, and carry more in them than it is pro


per for the world to be acquainted with. Those who are versed in the philosophy of Pythagoras, and swear by the Tetrachtys, that is, the number four, will know very well that the number ten, which is signified by the letter X, (and which has so much perplexed the town) has in it many particular powers; that it is called by platonic writers the complete number; that one, two, three, and four put together make up

the number ten; and that ten is all. But these are not mysteries for ordinary readers to be let into. A man must have spent many years in'hard study before he can arrive at the knowledge of them.

We had a rabbinical divine in England, who was chaplain to the earl of Essex in queen Elizabeth's time, that had an admirable head for secrets of this nature. Upon his taking the doctor of divinity's degree, he preached before the university of Cambridge upon the first verse of the first chapter of the first book of Chronicles, in which, says he, you have the three following words,

" Adam, Sheth, Enosh.” He divided this short text into many parts, and by discovering several mysteries in each word, made a most learned and elaborate discourse. The name of this profound preacher was Dr. Alabaster, of whom the reader may find a more particular account in Dr. Fuller's book of English worthies. This instance will, I hope, convince my readers that there may be a great deal of fine writing in the capital letters which bring up the rear of my paper, and give them some satisfaction in that particular. But as for the full explication of these matters, I must refer them to time, which discovers all things.


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